Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 22, 2016
Document Release Date: 
October 18, 2011
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
June 19, 1951
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP80-00809A000600390677-8.pdf456.64 KB
Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/19: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600390677-8 I CLASSIFICATION s-E-c-R-E-T SECRET CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY REPORT INFORMATION FROM FOREIGN DOCUMENTS OR RADIO BROADCASTS CD NO. COUNTRY USSR SUBJECT Economic - Electric power, canal projects HOW PUBLISHED Daily newspapers and monthly periodicals WHERE PUBLISHED USSR DATE PUBLISHED May 1950 - 3 Mar 1951 LANGUAGE w n~ ?/m0 nom mn. , - no. o. i. C..UtnwtAI MMINIM. m,YUUpW 0FYI' IS UV S no. Mro u r~~nnni mwnr n us~ :=C= OF THIS DATE DIST. /9 Jun 1951 NO. OF PAGES-8-- SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION PROGRESS REPORTED IN NEW SOVIET HYDROELECTRIC ANL CANAL YnOJECIS ZN-umbers in parentheses refer to appended sources-7 In the Soviet press of 1 February - 3 March 1951, it is reported that progress is being made generally on the large construction projects and that norms are being exceeded. Mechanization is stressed in all phases of work and it is said that excavation work is nearly completely mechanized. ad- Excavat* and construction -Rork at the Volga-Don Caanal, the most vanced of the construction projects, is said to be 90 percent Huge walking-dragline excavators with a 14-cubic-meter bucket capacity and caterpillar-mounted shovel excavators with a 15-cubic-meter shovel capa- city are in operation at the Kuybyshev GES and the Volga-Don Canal. These machines, supplemented by excavation pumps handling 3,000 cubic meters per hour, scrapers which carry 400-500 cubic meters of earth a distance of 150 meters in one shift, and other excavation machinery are making it possible to accomplish the,,enormous excavation tasks.(2) Construction of the Volga-Don Canal, which, according to, will be put in operation in 1951, is well under way. A special administration for the operation of the canal has been set up in Rostov and shipbuilding plants in the country are making boats for the canal. (3) Construction materials are arriving at the rate of nearly 500enterprises ccarloadsdaily been and the construction of secondary The latter include three repair shops, 11 large machine shops, seven automatic concrete plants with a total annual production of 1,760,000 cubic meters, and rock-crushing plants with a production rate of 1,600,000 cubic meters of crushed rock per year.(6) In the region of the Volga-Don Canal, 392 kilometers of railroad and 468 kilometers of roads have already been built. Nearly 626 kilometers of high-voltage lines, 467 kilometers of low-voltage lines, and 1,227 kilometers of communications lines have been assembled (1), and over ll million cubic meters of housing and public buildings have been built.(6) S-E-C-R-E-T CLASSIFICATION STATE RAW 1l8NS DISTRIBUTION ARMY AIR FB Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/19. CIA-RDP80-00809A000600390677-8 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/19: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600390677-8 SECRET S-E-C-R-E-T At the Tsimlyansk Dam, concrete is being poured at the rate of 3,000 cubic meters daily. New concrete plants are being built, and an automatic plant capable of producing 2,500 cubic meters of concrete daily is being put in operation.(7) Work on the locks is also proceeding rapidly. The exca- vation work on lock No 3 has been completed and concrete is now being poured. Three hundred meters of concrete are being poured daily here at the peak of winter, and construction crews exceeded the January plan for laying concrete in all sections.(6) Canal excavation work is aided by the giant "Uralets" walking excavator which has a p-oduction norm of 2,,'00 cubic meters in 24 hours, end other simi- lar machines.(8) Moscow Metro workers are aiding "Dontonnel'stroy" in dig- ging a tunnel on the Main Don Irrigation Canal. The six-kilometer tunnel, designed to carry water for irrigational purposes, will be metal-lined and will have a capacity of 150,000 cubic meters of water per hour.(9) As at the other projects, work continues day and night at the Kuybyshev GES construction project. So far, over 700,000 cubic meters of upper-ground layer have been removed and 260,000 cubic meters of sand laid along the left bank of the Volga where the earth dam will be constructed.(10) Three hundred meters from the right bank of the river, a rock fill, 500 meters long, is being constructed to still the water in the area where the foundation of the power-station building is being built. The rock fill will require 20,000 cubic meters of rock, of which 1,500 cubic meters have already been laid.(6) Excavations for the foundation of the hydroelectric station building itself have been starteci.(il) At the Kuybyshev GES, 1951. will be a year of preparation for the concrete work to follow. Excavations will be made for the powerhouse, navigation locks,. and spillway dam, while railroad lines and secondary enterprises will be completed. A huge automatic concrete plant like the one at the Volga-Don Canal will be built this year at the Kuybyshev GES.(12) Concrete will be transported from these automatic plants by a special conveyer capable of handling 1,000 cubic meters per hour. Concrete pumps capable of carrying concrete 250 meters horizontally or 40 meters vertically at a rate of 20 cubic meters per hour will also be used. Powerful electric and pneumatic vibrators will settle the concrete and improve its quality. An original method of using 16 of these vibrators in groups will be applied. The vibrators will operate at 6,000 revolutions per minute and will be brought into position by special cranes. The vibrator aggregates will be able to lay 25-30 cubic meters of concrete per hour, and will require three persons to operate them, including the crane.(2) To facili- tate freight handling, engineers of the "Soyuzprommekhanizatsiya" Trust, Minis- try of Heavy Machine Building, have submitted plans for a cableway which will connect quarries, concrete plants, and the construction area of the locks. Two cables will be suspended across the Volga on 100-foot-high masts lo- cated on either side of ".e river. The cableway will support cars carrying 2 tons of freight at a ra..,e of three or four cars per minute. The trans-Volga cables will be nearly a kilometer long. Two cables, to be erected on the left bank for hauling sand and gravel to the concrete plant, will be one:.half kilo- meter long each.(13) More workers are arriving at the Kuybyshev GES construction site. Kuyby- shevgidrostroy has received over 15,000 work applications from people all over the USSR. Some have arrived at the construction?mite and another 1,000 are en route. Specialists have arrived frcm the Volga-Don construction project to teach various specialties to workers at "Kuybyshevgidrostroy." A division of the All-Union Scientific Engineering and Technical Society has been organized on the site to aid in the development of new techniques and to help conserve construction materials and electricity.(14) S-E-C-R-E-T SECRET Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/19: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600390677-8 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/19: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600390677-8 Full-scale work is also being conducted on both sides of the Volga in the construction area of the Stalingrad GES. Work will start in June on the foundation of the electric-power-station building and on the navigation locks. Excavation work at the Stalingrad GES, exceeding that of the Dnepro GES 20 times by volume, will be 97 percent mechanized. Eighty percent of the exca- vation work will be done by hydraulic methods. A Stalingrad plant is making The the largest excavation pump in the USSR for this construction prcts have pump will be put into operation by 1 May. Tens of exploratory part worked at the construction site during the past several months. An evalua- tion of their reports confirms the fact that the choice of location for the dam is a good one. At present, plans for the construction of the electric- power-station building are being completed. The construction tempo at the Stalingrad GES is constantly increasing. Already thousands of workers are employed and many workers are being trained for skilled positions. Twenty thousand square meters of housing will be built at the Stalingrad GES in 1951?(15) Expeditions of more than 600 workers and specialists from Gidroenergo- proyekt have been engaged in exploratory work along.the Dnepr River. A com- mission of the Ministry of Electric Power Stations which determined the loca- tion of the Kakhovka GES valued highly the data compiled con- the by Kakhovka expedi- tions.(16) Secondary enterprises are being GFS workers and struction site, as well as approaches to the area.(17) over o ka 1,000 100 trucks and tractors are engaged in building housing at the project, and the Khnr'kov office of the "Gorstroyproyekt" has completed plans for the - construction of a workera? village which will accommoda~he Gvillage will be ants.(18) After the construction of the Kakhovka GES, located on the shore of the "Kakhovka Sea."(19) Preliminary work has been started on the South Ukraine and North Crimean Canal. A construction and assembly administration has been formed in Zaporozh'- ye and Melitopol' to build the first two workers villages. One of these vil- sg ttheeeviilllagee of living, lages will be built near Zaporozh'ye, the other near in Melitopol'skiy Rayon. They will include 35,000 space and will be built in 1951.(19) Exploratory expeditions have been investigating three different routes for the South Ukraine and North Crimean Canal. Test drilling and topograph- ical work are being conducted on the Molochnaya River and one group has been exploring the Perekop Isthmus. Several expeditions rkinngtinn ikolayevngu- Oblast are to determine the location of a large pumping lets River.(20) Two expeditions of over 800 men are working along the route of the Main Turkmen Canal. One of them is exploring the valley of the Uzboy River, the other a section between the Takhia-Tash promontory and the Sarakan(Ysh de- pression-(21) A new town of 15,000 inhabitants is to be built several'kilo- meters from the Takhia-Tash promontory to accommodate secondary enterprises of the Main Turkmen Canal project.(22) The press has reported the following plants producing machines and materials for the construction projects- Enterprise Magnitogorsk Metallurgical Plant Shipped 25 car oad (~f)high-quality iron yenak',yevo Metallurgical Plant Shipped products ttosVoof various lga Don Canal proj- ect. (24) SECRET Sanitized Copy Approved for Release-201 1/10'/'1'9 : CIA-RDP80-00809A000600390677-8 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/19: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600390677-8 Enterprise Krasnyy Sulin Metallurgical Plant Dnepropetrovsk Metallurgical Plant imeni Petrovskiy Taganrog Metallurgical Plant imeni Andreyev Dnepropetrovsk Metallurgical Plant imeni Komintern Dnepropetrovsk Metallurgical Plant imeni Lenin Lipetek "Svobodnyy Sokol" Metallurgical Plant Novo-Kramatorsk Plant imeni Stalin Dnepropetrovsk Plant imeni Molotov Sverdlovsk Uralmash Plant imeni Ordzhonikidze Voronezh Komintern Excavator Plant Krasnoyarsk Heavy Machine- Builcling Plant Producing metal for Volga-Don Car71 (25) Completed its February plan for produc- ing section iron for Tsirlyansk GES by 11 February (19) Shipped a consignment of pipe to the construction projects a month ahead of schedule (19) Shipped a large order of roofing tin to Volga-Don construction project (26) Shipped thin sheet steel and section iron to "Volga-Donstroy" (18) Shipped large order of pipe to "Volga- Donstroy" (18) Shipped first group of pipe to the Kuybyshev GES (27) Shipped tens of tons of cable to Kuy- byshev and Stalingrad GES (28) Completed construction of fourth set of machines for operating lock gates of Volga-Don Canal; each set weighs 48 tons and is automatic; will make turbine blades for main turbines of Tsimlyansk GES.(29) Produced three 150-ton stators for Tsimlyansk GES.(30) Making turbine bushings weighing 110 tons each, and 115-ton bearings.(31) Produced several 15-cu-m excavators for construction projects (32) Shipped structures for reinforcing con- crete to Tsimlyansk GES and filled many orders for Kuybyshev and Stalingrad GES; at present making lock gates for Volga-Don Canal (26) Making 14-cu-m walking-dragline excava- tors for construction projects (2) Shipped first order of E-1003-type ex- cavators to Kuybyshev and Stalingrad GES; more than 20 of these machines are in operation along Volga-Don Canal (27) Shipped several large locomotives to construction projects; presently mak- ing large traveling cranes for Volga- Don Canal project (33) S-F-C-R-E-T SECRET "1 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/19: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600390677-8 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/19: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600390677-8 Enterprise Bataysk and Sal'sk Railroad Workers Polol'ek Machine-Building Plant imeni Ordzhonikidze Zaporozh'ye Machine-Building Plant imeni Voykov Gor'kiy "Krasnoye Sormovo" Plant imeni A. A. Zhdanov Novosibirsk "Buroyaya Tekpnika" Plant Tiraspol' Machine Plant imeni Kirov Miass Ural Automobile Plant imeni Stalin Moscow Automobile Plant imeni Stalin Kharkov Tractor Plant imeni Ordzhonikidze Chelyabinsk Road-Machinery Plant imeni Kolyushchenko Will repair locomotives worki..g on Volga-Don Canal project; first two locomotives repaired, shipped to construction project (25) Producing boilers for Tsimlyanak GES (34) Shipped 3 of an order of boilers to Volgodonstroy during first quarter 1951 (34) Shipped several large boilers to Kuy- byshev GES ahead of schedule (35) Started production of GM-300 hydraulic excavator for Volga-Don Canal proj- ect (36) Making parts, and will assemble exca- vation pumps for Main Turkmen Canal (25) Shipped 9 excavation pumps and a booster pump to Volga-Don Canal (37) Shipped winches and pumps to Kuybyshev GES in 1950; now making winches, pumps, and other machines for Kuybyshev and Stalingrad GES and Volga-Don Canal (28) Produced first order of centrifugal pumps for Stalingrad GES (35) Producing new order of 10 inner com- bustion motors and five 8-in centri- fugal pumps for Main Turkmen. Canal (38) Shipped a convoy of 3-ton Ura1ZIS trucks to Volga-Don Canal in January (39) Shipped 65 ZIS-150 trucks to Volga-Don Canal, to Kuybyshev GES, and 25 to Stalingrad GES in 1951 (34) Shipped 40 powerful tractors to Kuyby- shev and Stalingrad GES. and Volga-Don Canal.(39) In 1950, it shipped 148 S- 80 tractors to "Volgodonstroy" (40) Producing tractors for the construction projects (41) Shipped large bulldozers and scrapers to Main Turkmen Canal and "Kuybyshev- gidrostroy" (39) -5- S-E-C-R-E-T SECRET 1 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/19: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600390677-8 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/19: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600390677-8 SECRET S-E-C-R-E-T Enterprise. Remarks Shcherbakov Road-Machinery Shipped new type machinery to all con- plant struction projects (42) Nikolayev Road-Machinery Plant shipped nearly 300 road machines to Kuy- byshev and Kakhovka GES and "Volgodon- stroy"; at present;- making 120 bull- dozers and scrapers for "Volgodonstroy" (43) Chelyabinsk Machine Plant imeni Assembled three 15-ton cranes with Kalinin 5-ton winches for Volga-Don Canal; shipped high productive rock crush- ers to Main Turkmen Canal and Kuy- byshev GES (19) d Nyezepetrovsk Machine-Building Produced C cranes for Plant imeni Kalinin and Kuybyshev GES (39) Dnepropetrovsk Construction- Shipped more than-30 conveyers to Tsim- Machinery Plant lyanak GES J331 Moscow Krasnyy Metallist" Plant Prodx ~ng electric telphera for-Kuyby- - been GES and Volga-Don Canal; ten have been sent to "Volgodonstroy" in n 1951 (34) Kharkov Machine-Bu ing Plant Making telphers for Volga-Don Canal (44) imeni Lenin Yaaino aya Machine-Building Shipped tower cranes to Stalingrad GES podgorenskiy Cement Plant Produced 15 general purpose and ten cir- cular cutting woodworking machines, and 50 vices for Main Turkmen Canal ahead of schedule (38) Shipped thousands of tons of high- quality cement to Volga GES (27) Producing cement for construction proj- ects (46) ffor ora roof-sheeting (2eeting Odessa Roof-Sheeting Material order Plant Lisichansk Glass Plant Produced 10 carloads of window glass for Stalingrad GES and Volga-Don Canal (47) Rechitaa House-Construction Shipped lumber to Kuybyshev GES (48) Combine Slonim Lumber Mill No 16 Shipped 40 carloads of lumber to Tsim- lyansk GES (49) carloads of lumber to Volga- Bobruysk Division of Glavsnables Shipped iCanal (50) Don Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/19: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600390677-8 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/19: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600390677-8 Enterprise Mozyr' Woodworking Combine Shipped 14 carloads of lumber to Vol- godonstroy in February (51) Timber Managements of "Molotov- Pledged to ship more than 236,000 cu lee" Combine m of lumber Lumber Mills of Middle Urals Slumiier to 106 "'c mlyansk GES and 75 car- loads to Stalingrad GES during Janu- ary (26) Vinnitsa and Tul'chin Timber Sb'pped 5 carloads of round timbers Managements of "Zhitomirles" to Kakhovka GES (16) Lumber Mills of Archangel'sk Shiippedg116tra( loads of sewn lumber t Vol Lumber Mills of Buryat-Mongolia Shipped torMain Turkmen Canal carloads project (53) 1. Leningradskaya Pravda, 24. Feb 51 2. Moscow, Vestnik Statistiki, No 5, may 50 3. Kiev, Pravda Ukrainy, 13 Feb 51 4. Moscow, Komsomol'skaya Pravda, 15 Feb 51 5. Kiev, Pravda Ukrainy, 8 Feb 51 6. Ashkhabad, Turkmenskaya Iskra, 2 Feb 51 7. Baku, Bakinskiy Rabochiy, 16 Feb 51 8. Vil'nyus, Sovetskaya Litva, 31 Jan 51 9. Moskovskaya Pravda, 19 Jan 51 10. Kiev, Pravda Ukrainy, 31 Jan 51 11. Vechernyaya Moskva, 24 Feb 51 12. Tbilisi, Zarya Vostoka, 9 Feb 51 13. Vechernyaya Moskva, 13 Feb 51 14. Kiev, Pravda Ukrainy, 11 Feb 51 15. Moskovskaya Pravda, 3 Mar 51 16. Kiev, Pravda Ukrainy, 23 Feb 51 17. Yerevan, Koamiunist, 21 Feb 51 18. Tashkent, Pravda Vostoka, 4 Feb 51 19: Tallin, Sovetskaya Estoniya, 13. Feb 51 20. Yerevan, Kommunist, 22 Feb 51 21. Vil'nyus, Sovetskaya Litva, 22 Feb 51 22. Ashkhabad, Turkmenekaya Iskra, 21 Feb 51 23. Moscow, Trud, 15 Feb 51 24. Moscow, Izvestiya, 9 Feb 51 25. Yerevan, Kommunist, 6 Feb 51 26. Leningradekaya Pravda, 1 Feb 51 27. Moscow, Izvestiya, 7 Feb 51 28. Moscow, Pravda, 27 Feb 51 29. Vechernyaya Moskva, 22 Feb 51 30. Tashkent, Pravda Vostoka, 3 Ma'- 51 31. Kiev, Pravda?'iJkrainy, 17 Feb 51 12. Moscow, Tekhnila Molodezhi, No 2, Feb 51 S-E-C-R-E-T -7- S-E-C-R-E-T SECRET` Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/19: CIA-RDP80-00809A00060039067 ~ 7-8 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/19: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600390677-8 33. Moscow, Trud, 10 Feb 51 34. Moskovskaya Pravda, 28 Feb 51 35. Moscow, Pravda, 28 Feb 51 36. Moscow, Izvestiya, 16 Feb 51 15 Feb 51 37- M6sc0w, 38. Kishinev, Sovetskaya Moldaviya, 13 Feb 51 39? Moscow, Pravda, 8 Feb 51 40. Vechernyaya Moskva, 16 Feb 51 41. Kiev, Pravda Ukrainy, 6 Feb 51 42, Moscow, Izvestiya, 28 Feb 51 43. Moscow, Trud, 16 Feb 51 44. Minsk, Sovetskaya Belorussiya, 7 Feb 51 45. Kiev, Pravda Ukrainy, 21 Feb 51 46. Tellin, Sovetskaya Estoniya, 23 Feb 51 47. Kiev, Pravda Ukrainy, 24'Fe'; 51 48. Minsk, Sovetskaya Belorussiya, 9 Feb 51 49. Ibid., 3 Feb 51 50. Ibid., 13 Feb 51 51. Ibid., 21 Feb 51 52. Moscow, Izvestiya, 8 Feb 51 53. Ibid., 10 Feb 51 8-B-Q-R-E-T SECRET 1 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/19: CIA-RDP80-00809A000600390677-8