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Document Creation Date: 
December 22, 2016
Document Release Date: 
October 28, 2011
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Publication Date: 
February 12, 1952
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Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/31 CIA-RDP80-00809A000700040354-3 CLASSIFICATION RESTRICTED RESTRICTED CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY REPORT INFORMATION FROM FOREIGN DOCUMENTS OR RADIO BROADCASTS CD NO. COUNTRY USSR; Belorussian SSR SUBJECT Econo-iic - Peat HOW PUBLISHED Daily newspaper WHERE PUBLISHED Minsk DATE PUBLISHED 28 Nov 1951 LANGUAGE Russian TMU 0000...T...Tf1.f 1116x1.. T.I x1rl0.a Dfrt.II 01 TMf ..1T[D STiT[f ?.T... txt Yf1.I.. 01 IfrlOI.t[ A Y. t. C. 31 AND f[. AS 1.[.010. ITf T.1.f Ylf [I0. 0. !xt .[Y[L1TI0. 0I ITf CO.f [xTI 1. A.r .1...11. Al Y..YTN011E10 r....... r.C .urtao fr uY. nr.ooucno. or rxu roYY a noxiunD SOURCE Sovetskaya Beiornss-re STAT DATE OF INFORMATION 1051 DATE DIST. )i_ Feb 1952 NO. OF PAGES 3 SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION BELORUSSIAN SSR AIMS AT BETTER UTILIZATION OF TREMENDOUS FEAT RESi.RVES A Dubou, Director, Peat ;rst:t?te, A::ademy of Sciences Belorussian SSR Durl ng the p?=.vtver F_1e-ie'fr P.1L p-r:cd, s :cope, mechanized peat industry was created in the Beieruescar SSR arri b~cass Sr ind~pender,c branch of the na- tional economy serving as the, malt. power end f.:el base cf the republic The volume of induetrre pea, .:xtr:Lot:;;e -.n i1e was -,.+_.,,s the iuie output. Plants for neat i;nq?.ctt.nk ce:r: tr- te'_ is '.h:: republic, and peat is being gasi!''ed for hr.c`c,z : r. c,mter glass plants However, the peat reserves of the re,ib'__, nrv. lei%p -.I,.,,zed unsatisfactorily. Ex- tracted peat is used mettly t., ftv-_i ?r F'wer :ta'ions and industrial enterprises Other types if uee for rep ira?iequatc.y developed in the republic The Minfatry ?;f Local Fue. -nd.stry Relc-russtan SSR, the Academy of Sciences Belorussian SSR, and a number :then rt;ar.czaticr= nave as yet taken only a slight interest :n s,.lrrg pract::-, prco?c-m:; f:_ widespread, all-around utiliza- tion of peat in the nati,:nai econcm?; Up to the present. Belorussian peat reserves nave been Invest?gated inade- quately There 1e no s-e_:a.i cn f_-r a.._:ma-ing poet reserves and, con- sequently, exploration of dep:stt.s p c-eeds slowly Many deposits In Brest, Pinsk, Baranovichi, and Grcdnc obasts have not been estimated, and even In Minsk, Gomel', Vitebsk, and Mogilevsk obiasts not mare than iO percent of the peat reserves have been explored. Peat extraction in the Be'_orn.aian SSR ought to double in the next 2-3 years and completely supply the republics requirements for local fuel. Therefore, maximum mechanization of the industrial processes of extracting, drying, and STATE ARMY CLASSIFICATION RESTRICTED RES 1 RIC 1 1XI iTAW NS1B DISTRIBUTION Ix Al. XI FBI -I_ .__ _. I I ____ T_ II Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/31 : CIA-RDP80-00809A000700040354-3 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/31 CIA-RDP80-00809A000700040354-3 STAT RESTgi~~~~~ AES'1'AICrto gathering peat is necossary? Toe rr?,du.:t::;: of rt.iaei nt, which is c m letel mechanized, should be increased Milled ??u; F' p y avill and medium-sized boilers, and e~orcm:cal fir??b,_xes should be design_edifor this purpose In the field of mechani:irg extra.tior: rro:esses, the method cylindrical peat deserves attentic:: T.;i: r ,:re siofuthis type of peat have been produced be t.,, ?rua said nd ` than ?G atrs t; phis Rol sheik k peat enterprises. In 19`.1, a new ma=none f.r m?,-i;nnic -,~ 'i-,e first peat was tested under Ferations in d-yang lump 'riustr:_. -,t an ezr.srimental Feat station.. A government crmmissiDr~ hoe aprr- ---1 A consignment -'.1:? i .1 of th_s ma,, hire, and a small of ti. itachlri?s coot. i'?; '. C-?,n,?L_ 1 future be tested in different types of lep.:,Its a::?1 by '! .. ,r.e to rt methods x rrtc T Utilizatlsn of pent f.: - :ng the peat to thermal rr?,_e3e h gists in subject- peat tar, iumner.:a, -r.r Fc.i gr,o :r therm ke, and a_Et1. a-i, c from ceasing of -. the thermal pro- 8 peat; peat tar .erves , ? ucts. - - ..'-..- - -- ?r vynable cher..icai prod- prod- Flwever, ' he rgariv u: f it unc 'r eat for FC,wer and chem- i ota purposes is s t - this is the gas generator s r. s SSR A mood example of ;, Fart _. r.i the Ministry or' Ccnstiu t ,? M :a Stolln under J;S of peat are gasified in r, "ear, h n; __ _.._ isands of tons as by-product= :c 1c tar obtained and the quaiit; of the Tn:ri e, th organized, tion of the ref! n:r. "r? F;i.. - t -,,.._. of noGr ccndi- During 1951, th cnceru: :, planned by the peat Irst:t, e r' s_'" ;.:ant in Kos:;ako?rka 1s :i?. ty -- r es Pe: n:es:an Belorussian Industrial Ctur,c:i SSR and the the ,:o .cr e of the dlst:fiat:on Wiii_ br w; i?; r -i :rg peat tar. Fr--ducts republic .'_F.e '?'T"`t?''y tired agriculture of the duction of such iugh-: :...- tion of gasify1r:g pent .. _ ... of creating :n the, repub; i.: products of gnsific:.it_o,, There are 3 --me p-nt -F?, ng r,- ductlon of b : ,et nr. SSR, but the prc- constructed in the repuii'__ .,-..... .._.,.m 1ta Ins;, t`P 'jtpLe Isti- tute for the Pllnnv:g -. a 1 Fie E 3F K = wed extremely r,r uneconomictil For t t as n r . , L , c r t b -n adc'r.ted exten- sively in the republic Racer " t " : F ,': I; - + A of Sciences Belorussian SSR and Hell -rfpy,r.- nr F,`-3 - get ir,_.,c Piasn_og) have worked out a new, _^fficiomt. t.:111,_ ..._ ::r q,?:' ng peat for plants of average capacity it :o n - n . 1": :?, . t ut c?orietiu?-ting a plant which v1l1 assure the oh;nin_.:, ,--or^conmunal and domes- tic needs of the popuiaticn. The question of v,ing peat at it r,ev 'emeriti for :nsoiation materials for the construction and refriaerati'n irduo:ries al c deservo,a consideration This field should be considerably e;T:aided in the System ,f the Man:stry of Local Fuel Industry Belorussian SSR. Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/31 : _r._F.y_:on The pro- ass!)-red by gasifying Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/31 : RESTRIC'1ED STAT Peat is particularly important to Belorussian SSR agriculture For the podzolic solls of the republic it. is a good fertilizer, a valuable substance for improving the agrobiological properties of the soils. However, ,?rk or- ganization in extracting peat for fertilizing purposes is still very primitive, Up to now, in the majority of kolkhozes peat extraction has been carried out by manual labor, by low-production methods, and mainly in winter. In the mean- time, proper work organization in extracting peat with the use of agricultural machinery and mechanisms of the Mrs can assure the Kolkhezes an adequate peat supply for their fertilizer requirements with a minimum expenditure of labor. The Ministry of Agriculture, the Ministry of State Farms Belorussian SSR, and the institutes of the Academy of Sciences Belorussian SSR should take the nec- essary measures to introduce into agriculture already developed methods of mechanizing peat extraction for fertilizing purposes, making use of the ex- perience of the peat extracting indt,etry rind the equipment of the MPS The Peat Institute of the Academy of Sciences Belorussian SSR is the only scientitic research institution for all puases of peat research in the system of the academies of science of the USSR, a fact which emphasizes the import- ance of peat in the Belorussian eccn:ay RESTRICTS !) Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/31 CIA-RDP80-00809A000700040354-3