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December 22, 2016
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October 5, 2011
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April 29, 1952
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Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/06: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700060170-5 CLASSIFICATION OOHFIDENTIAL CENTRAL IN ELI IL GENCEAGENOCY INFORMATION FROM FOREIGN DOCUMENTS OR RADIO BROADCASTS COUNTR:' USSR SUBJECT Economic - Agriculture HOW 'PUBLISHED Daily newspapers and monthly periodicals WHERE PUBLISHED USSR DATE PUBLISHED Jan 1952 LANGUAGE Russian U'S WC01INT COUTYI! II/OINAn01 MUM.. T0/ IAn1011 h UllS 0, Till 011711 ITATTI ~IT011 Tl! ~Ylll! 0i Un01*11 ?07 II 1. 1. 1.. 11 111 11.01 M11111. 110 TIAIOIOI01 01 m! NITRATION or ro 0011117$ a uT Iqm m wl OII011011it1 qU0! a qo? IUI111 I) 4~, pg0I1R101 or 101/ roll 11 nloNum0. REPORT CD NO. DATE OF SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION Newspapers and periodicals as indicated, USSR AGRICULTURE REVIEWS 195'., PREPARES FOR 1952 /Wumbers in parentheses refer to appended sources] USSR In the fall of 1951, kolkhozes and ?'S sowed 1.5 million hectares more to winter crops, chiefly winter wheat, than in 1950,(1) In 1951, the area sown to annual grasses was three- times that of 1948, perennial grasses almost two times, and ensilage crops, fodder-root crops, and cucurbits more than 2.5 times, In 1951, the plan for planting fodder root crops was fulfilled 101.5 percent, ensilage crops 116,7 percent, and annual grasses 122 percent, The 1951 plan for harvesting natural grasses was ful- filled 109.9 percent, and the area cut was almost 6 million hectares greater than in 1950. In 1952, 4.8 million more metric tons of ensilage are to be stored than in 1951. There are 25 million hectares of meadowland in the nonchernozem region of European USSR.(2) During the Fourth Five-Year Plan and 1951, USSR agriculture received more than 670,000 tractors (15-horsepower units) and about 150,000 combines. In 1952, field work is to be mechanized to the following extent: sowing of spring crops 78 percent, sowing of winter crops 88 percent, harvesting of grains 72 percent, and harvesting of sugar beets 90 percent, The total volume of tractor work, in terms of soft plowing, is slated to increase 38 million hectares over 1951. More than 40 percent of haying and more than 50 percent of fodder stor-. age work will be performed by HIS machines, Supplemental fertilization of winter crops with local and mineral fertilizers will be carried out on 12 mil- lion hectares, and deep plowing on 18 million hectares in 1952.(3) STATE 'MAW ARMY AIR CLASSIFICATION ' CONFIDENTIAL NSRS FBI Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/06: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700060170-5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/06: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700060170-5 In 1951, kolkhozes of the republic increased their total cover area 17 per. cent over 1950, including increases of'44 percent for winter wheat and 34 per- cent for industrial crops.(4) During the postwar Five-year Plan, the aggregate tractor horsepower avail- able to Estonian MPS increased 11.5 times. In 1951, MPS performed 45 percent of all field work on kolkhozes. The volume of tractor work in 1951 vas almost double that of 1950; MPS performed 625,000 hectares more tractor work than in 1950 and fulfilled the plan for tractor work 103 percent. (5) Latvian SSR fulfislOf f 15 January, the 1951 - 1952 Pail-winter plan for tractor repair was percent for the republic.(6) grasses In 1949, kolkhozes of the republic fulfilled the plan :or sowing perennial . 90 percent. In 1950, this figure was 87 percent; in 1951 it was 76 grasses(7) In 1951, the republic received 1,190 tractors.(8) All 32 sovkhozes in Shyaulyay Oblast have been fully electrified,((9) Belorussian SSR The following table represents percent fulfillment of the 1951 - 1952 fall- winter plan for tractor T_pair by oblasts of `he republic: Lithuanian SSR Oblast Jan '10) 10 Jan (11) 20 Jan 12 vowel- 42,9 Mogilev Bobruysk 40.6 36p 4 43.3 3.3 54.1 49.5 Pinsk 27 2 31.1 46.9 Brest . 34 7 37.6 46.2 Polee'ye ? 3 36.5 45.8 Minsk 333.3 .3 37.5 2 44.7 Molodechno Vitebsk 30.0 32.3 37. 33.1 43.0 42.7 Grodno 32.4 4 41.6 Polotsk Baranovichi 32.7 s 24 6 3 .6 34.9 41.4 41.4 . 29.0 39.6 In 1951, kolkhozes of the republic fulfilled the plan for kok-sagyz seed procurement 223.1 percent. In 1952, kolkhozes of Grodno Oblast are to sow 800 hectares of chicory.(13) The following information was contained in a speech made by N. S. Patolichev, secretary of the TsK KP(b) Belorussian SSR, on 24 January 1952: In 1951, the total sown area in the republic increased 23.6 percent over 1950?. The greatest increases in the eastern oblasts were, registered in Minsk and Mogilev oblasts. Sown areas by crops increased as follows: grains 23.6 percent, kok-sagyz almost three times, other industrial crops 17 percent, -.2 - CONFIDENTIAL Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/06: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700060170-5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/06: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700060170-5 including flax 14 percent and potatoes 22 percent. For the first time in the Postwar period kolkhozes Of the republic exceeded the plan for sowing peren- nial?grasses. The increase in the area sown to perennial grasses over 1950 was 126.6 percent, and annual grasses 26.1 percent. Sowing. of winter grains in the fall of 1951 was carried out under difficult conditions. There was insufficient moisture content in the topsoil. This re- sulted in delayed sowings, delayed sprouting, and caused sowings in many sections to enter the winter period in an underdeveloped-condition. Since winter rye is the most valuable hood crop of the republic, kolkhozes must make special efforts at snow retention to increase the moisture.. supply in the soil and also to pre- vent freezing of the shoots. In 1951, 44.6 percent of the area sown to grains in kolkhozes was sown with graded seed. Y.ok-sagyz is potentially one of the most valuable industrial crops grown in the republic. The area sowr to this crop in 1951 was almost three times that of 1950. Despite the dry year, kolkhozes gave the state twice as many kok-sagyz roots as in 1950. In 1952, savings of kok-sagyz will be further increased. Until 1951, rubber-bearing plants wer- grown -chiefly by kolkhozea of Bobruysk, Minsk, Gomel', Poles lye, and Mogilev oblasts. In 1951, kok-sagyz was sown to small areas in five other oblasts for the first time. None has yet been sown in Baranovichi or Grodno oblasts. In 1952, sown areas will be extended over 1951 as follows; kok-sagyz 59 percent, hemp 108 percent, makhorka 30 percent, and sugar beets 38 percent. The areas sown to flax, potatoes, vegetables, and fodder crops will be increased. of 140,000 hectares of unplowed fallow (zalezh') and 50,000 hectares of turf peat are scheduled for exploitation. In 1952, the proportion of industrial crop savings to the total sown area will increase from 7,9 percent to 8.5 per- cent, fodder crops from 6.7 percent to 10,3 percent, and cultivated crups to 11 percent, In 1951 the Belorussian SSR received a large number of tractors, 1,589 com- bines, 2,900 seeders, 2,600 cultivators, 1,022 flax combines and flax pullers, and more than 8,000 other machines and trailer implements. Ten MTS were estab- lished and 100 Mechanized Lend Improvement Branches were set up in M1S. At the end of 1951, the total draft power In the republic was 38.1 percent greater than prewar; available combines totaled 150,8 percent of 1940, flax pullers and flax combines 170 percent, tractor seeders 245.,3 percent, and cultivators 358 percent. At present, MTS have 719 flax seeders and 2,255 flax pullers and flax combines; aside from the flax-processing plants, there are 277 flax- processing machines of the moder TL-40. In 1952, the following additional equipcent will be made available; 900 seeders, 1,200 flax pullers and flax combines, and 180 flax-processing machines, In 1951, field work was mechanized as follows in kolkhozes of the republic; plowing 72 percent, sowing grains and flax 47 percent, harvesting grains with combines 13 percent, and flax pulling 37 percent, MTS of the republic ful- filled the total plan for tractor work by 93 percent, but various types of work which have important bearing on yields were underfulfilled by larger margins; for example, plowing winter fallow, sowing spring crops, sowing winter crops, shallow plowing of stubble, haying, and flax pulling. This indicates that MTS leaders have the tendency to give quality of work and scientific aa::cultural practices secondary priority, and to concentrate on fulfilling the total plan for tractor work in terms of soft plowing, which often results in the unde- sirable prolongation of certain types of work. In 1952, an increase in the total volume of tractor work has been scheduled, including an increase of 750,000 hectares for row sowing, 600,000 hectares for combine harvesting, and 50,000 hectares for flax pulling. 1 _I Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/06: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700060170-5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/06: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700060170-5 In 1951, 40,694,000 certloads of manure were applied to fields of the re- public as compared with 29,396,000 eartloads 'n 1950. In 1951, 4,870,000 metric tons of peat were applied to fields as _gainst 3,034,000 metric tons in 1950. In 1951, Polotsk Oblast applied 850,000 metric tons of peat to kolkhoz fields, and Vitebsk ablest 160,066 metric tons. In 1951, a total of more than 18 million metric tons of local fertilizers (manure and peat) were applied to fields of the republic, of which spring crops received 13,818,000 and winter crops 4,213,E metric tons. Spring grains and ?.games were allotted 3,650,000 metric tons of ferti'izers, potatoes 8,767,000) and the rest went to flax and other crops. accepting the figures given in the foregoing paragraph, the following con- clusions may be drawn. Total local fertilizer applied in 1951 was 18,031,000 metric tons (13,818,000 plus 4,213,000). Peat comprised 4,870,000 metric tone of this total, and therefore manure comprised 13,161,000 metric tone. If .13,161,000 metric tons of manure are equal to 40,694,o00 cartloads of ms:ure, one metric ton is equivalent to approximately 3.1 cartloads. Therefore, the 29,396,000 cartloads applied In 1950 equaled 9,432,580.6 metric tons. Local fertilizer applied in 1950 may therefore be estimated as 12,516,580.6 metric t' 'g, including 9,1c82,58O.6'meiric tons of manure and 3,034,000 metric-tons c In 1952, koi?hozes of the republic are to apply 44 million metric tons of peat and manure to their fields, almost 2.5 times as much as in 1951. In 1951, the plan for liming acid soils was fulfilled only 53 per-?;nt for the republic as a whule, and only 25 rayons did any liming at all. No liming was done in Gomel', Poles 'ye, Polotsk, Bobruysk, Brest, or Molodechno oblasts. The 1951 plan for draining marshland was considerably exceeded for the republic as a whole. In 1952, five new Mechanized Land Improvement Stations and 100 Land Improvement Branches in MTS will be ectabliahed.(14) Ukrainian SSR 'Kolkhozes of the Ukraine have exceeded the plan for storing spring crop seed to be used in the 1952 .prang-sowing period. A considerably larger stock of cereal, Sudan grass, and lupine seed is available this year than in 1951. During the winter of 1951 - 1952, 10 million more metric tons of local ferti- lizers have been applied to the fields than last winter.(15) In 1951, sugar beet yields by oblasts were as follow Chernovitsy 252 212, and quintals per Vinnitaa hectare, 192.(16) Ternopol' 238, ICamenets-Podol'sk 220, Rovno 213, Kharkov Moldavian SSR In 1947,,kolkhozes of the republic applied 2 744 metric tens of all types of mineral fertilizers to 17,137 metric tons.(17) their fields. In 1951, this figure increased to In 1950, 96 Percent of the tobacco delivered to the state was low grade. Conditi;,ns did not improve in 1951.(18) The following table represents percent fulfillment of the 1951 - 1952 fall- winter plan for repair work in MPS of the republic. Type Work LJan 1) 10 Jan 12O~ 20 Jan (21) 2~ Jan 22 Tractor repair 36.2 40.1 48,3 52.4 Combine repair 45.7 47.5 52.3 53.7 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/06: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700060170-5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/06: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700060170-5 Georgian SSR During tLa last 5 years, the area planted to citrus crops in the republic has increased by 23,400 hectares.(23) Armenian SSR In - 2, kolkhozes of the r')public will sow 5,000 hectares more to peren- nial grasses than in 1951, and will harvest perennial grasses from an area 15,000 hectares greater than in 1951. Of the area sown to perennial grasses in 1952, 20,000 hectares will be set aside for seed requirements.(24) Three new MTS have been established in the republic: Maralikskaya MIS in Aginskiy Rayon, Kararaabenskaya MIS in Talinskiy Rayon, and Kafanskaya MIS, which will service kolkhozes in both Ktfaeakiy and Megrinskiy rayone.(25) In 1951, MTS of Leningrad Oblast received 610 tractors(15-horsepower units), 200 self-propelled combines, 100 complex threshers with clover hullers, 200 seeders, 300 potato-planting end potato-harvesting machines, and other equipment. In 1951, agricultural work in the cblast was mechanized to the following extent: plowing 88 percent, working summer fallov 95 percent, sowing spring grains 51 percent, sowing winter grains 55 percent, planting potatoes 28 percent, harvest- ing potatoes 26 percent, etc. Combines were used to reap 38 percent of the sown grain area, and 6! percent of the sown grasses a--a.(26) As of 20 January 1952, MPS of the Oblast had the 1951 - 1952 fall-winter plan for tractor repair 53.3 percent.:.27) During the last 3 years, kolkhozee and MIS of Stalingrad Oblast have re- paired or built 91; ponds, as many as era tcilt during the previous 30 years. These ponds supply water to a 2,5-million-hectare area of land. During this period, kolkhozes built or repaired the irrigation network on an area of 10,000 hectares, and organized flood-rater Irrigation ,11mannoye orosheniye) on an area of 6,200 hectares, 28,) In 1951, MPS of Moscow Oblast received more than 1,800 tractors, 700 com- bines, more than 3,000 tractor shesfer=. about 700 seeders, and more than 4,000 other agricultural machines and lmplemrnts , In 95 percent of all 1951 t of the ,blast performed Plowing, 90 percent of =caving, , more e than 41 percent of potato planting, almost 63 percent of grain harvesting, 80 percent of flax pulling, 40 percent of the. working of cultivated crops, and more than 30 percent of potato harvesting in kolkhozes.(29) Kazakh SSR In the spring of 1952, kokhozes of the republic are to organize flood-water irrigati,.: on an area of 1,300,000 hectare-(30) In 1951 kokhhczes of Taldy-Kurgan Oblast planted more than three times the area to kok-sagyz than they did in 1950, and the root harvest almost doublea.(31) Uzbek SSR v As c?f 24 January 1952 3,000 hectares of spring crops had been sown in Surkhan- Dar ya Oblast.(32) Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/06: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700060170-5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/06: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700060170-5 chairman of the Council as contained in a speech made by ~. Ovezov, Turkmen SSR, on 22 January 1952: In 1951, the republic delivered to the state 40,000 more metric tons. of cotton than in 1950 and 105,000 more metric tons than in 1940. The average yield in quintals per hectare was one more than 1940. in 1950 and 5,2 more than in However, in 1951, 134 kolkhozes received yields of below 15 quintals per hectare; of these, 26 received less than 10 quintals per hectare, .1Ho~ozes of Mary Oblast fulfilled the 1951 cotton procurement plan 1113 percent, kolkhozes of Chardzhou Oblast 104.42 percent, and kolkhozes of Ashkhabad Oblast 116.6 percent. To 1.49 and 1950, Tashauz Oblast occupied lone of the foremost positions in the republic for cotton yields. However, in 951 it was theuoonly one f tthe four herfourtcotton-graving oblasts of the republic which did not kolkhozes in the republic did not fulfillan. l th 195].p oof re ent pa n; of 231 these, 6 rayons and 96 kolkhozes were in Tashauz Oblast. The average cotton in Tashauz Oblast in 1951 was 1.5 quintals per hectare le_a than in 1950 old Ashkhabad Oblast fulfilled the procurement plan due to the efforts of its pacemaking kolkhozes and rayons. Holkhozes of Ashkhabad Oblast, first in the republic to fulfill the 1951 procurement plan, obtained the highest yields in the republic. However, the average yield for the oblaat as a whole fell off 3.8 quintals per hectare from 1950. in 1951. MTS of the republic performed tractor work on 746,000 more hec- tares than in 1950. However, the total plan for tractor work was not ful- filled. MTS did not fulfill the plan for several important types of work. In 1951, of 58 MTS in the republic, cnly nine fulfilled the plan for tractor work. As of 16 Janue,ry 1952, the 1951 - 1952 fall-winter plan for tractor repair was fulfilled only 31,7 percent in MTS of the republic, of which capital repairs were 27.5 percent complete and current repairs, 34,2 percent. This work =at be completed by 10 March, system As of 10 January 1952 the fall-vinter plan for cleaning the irrigation was only 78,2 percent fulfilled. At the beginning of 1952,the elan for conversion to the new system of irrigation vas 77.7 percent complete. in 1951, crop rotation was to have been introduced on 275 kolkhozes in the republic. As of 1 January 1952, preparatory planning work for introduction of crop rotation had been completed for only 60 kolkhozes,(33) During the next 5 years the area planted to cotton in the republic will be increased to 200,000 hectares, the average yield to 25 and the gross harvest to 500,000 metric tons. in 1952, quintals repu bni l hbee pledged l, to achieve in average cotton yield of 22 quintals, l din A khabad Oblast 30, Mary Oblast 21, Chardzhou Oblast per and tT shauz including 22h- Sirgiz SSR (34) 2 In 1952, the area sown to fodder crops in he republic will be increased 3 percent, swings of grasses will be carried out on an additional 78,000 hec- tares, and loving of fodder-root crops and ensilage crops on an additional 19,E hectares,(35) Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/06: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700060170-5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/06: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700060170-5 SOURUE8 21? Moscow, Kolkhoznoye Proizvodstvo, No 1, Jan 52 . Moscow, Kormovaya Baza, No 1; Jan 52 4. Nallia, Sotsialisticheskoge S gel'ekoye Khozyayatvo, No 1, Jan 52 ovetekya 8etoniya, 3 Jan 52 5. Ibid., .5 Jan 52 6. Riga, Sovetskaya Latviya, 18 Jan 52 7. Ibid., 5 Jan 52 8. Vil'nyus, Sovetskaya Litva, 12 Jan 52 9? Ibid., 13 Jan 52 10. Minsk, Sovetskaya Belorussiya, 8 Jan 52 11. Ibid., 13 Jan 52 12. Ibid., 24 Jan 52 13. Ibid., 25 Jan 52 14. Ibid., 27 Jan 52 15. Moscow, Konsomo1'ekaya Pravda, 4 Jan 52 16. Ktev, Pravda Ukrainy, 15 Jan 52 17. Kishinev, Sovetskaya Moldaviya, 16 Jan 52 18. Ibid., 25 Jan 52 19. Ibid., 8 Jan 52 20. Ibid., 13 Jan 52 21. Ibid.., 22 Jan 52 22. Ibid., 27 Jan 52 23. Pravda Ukrainy, 9 Jan 52 24, Yerevan, Kommanist, 23 Jan 52 25. Ibid., 31 Jan 52 26. Leningrad, Leningradskaya Pravda, 3 Jan 52 27. Ibid., 22 Jan 52 28. Sovetskaya Eatoniya, 9 Jan 52 29. Moscow, Moskovskaya Pravda, 23 Jan 52 30. Alma-Ata, Kazakhstanakaya Pravda, 12 Jan 52 31. Ibid., 25 Jan 52 32. Leningradskaya Pravda, 25 Jan 52 33. Ashkhabad, Turkmenakaya Iskra, 23 Jan 52 34. Ibid., 27 Jan 52 35. Fhwze, Sovetskaya Kirgiziya, 12 Jan 52 I Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/10/06: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700060170-5