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December 22, 2016
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August 18, 2011
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June 11, 1952
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Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/08/19: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700070089-5 COUNTRY USSR DATE OF SUBJECT INFORMATION 1951 - 1952 Economic - Construction, public services HOW DATE DIST. 11 Jun 1952 PUBLISHED Daily newspapers; biweekly, monthly WHERE PUBLISHED DATE PUBLISHED LANGUAGE CLASSIFICATION CONFIDENTIAL SECURITY INFORMATION CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY INFORMATION FROM FOREIGN DOCUMENTS OR RADIO BROADCASTS CD NO. SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. T11U OOCYNINT CONTAINS 14INNATOA ApK1AS TES NATIONAL DEn.Se Or THE 011011 STATIN 110011 TON ^.A..:, Or AVIONASA ACT SO A. S. C.:.I AIIO 2...A N[.OAO. OS TANS1S51ON ON IN. NEIRATION arm CONTENTS IN ANT 14110 TO AN UNAOT10SIll1 PINION IS P10- 1151111 IT IAN. NINNOOOCION or 1.1. 1OSN IS 1.ONI.IT11. REVIEW ACCOMPLISHMENTS, PLANS FOR CONFTRUCTION AND PUBLIC SERVICES IN BELORUSSIAN SSR ZN-umberF in parentheses refer to appended sources-.7 More than 450,000 residential houses have been built in the restored villages f the Belorussian SSR since the end of World War II.(1) In 1951, kolithoz corkers built more than 10,000 houses. More than 6,500 residential houses were reported to be under construction in December 1951, part of which are to t; Kvailable for occupancy in 1952.(2) The plan for rural and kelkha_ construction confirmed by the Council of Ministers Belorussian SSR for 1952 includes the building of 15,000 residential houses, 350 kolkboz administrative buildingp, 370 clubs and cultural buildings, 545 day nurseries and kinierga_rtens, more than 3,000 grain driers, flax driers, and grain vators, 370 brick plants, and livestock shelters for 1,351 head of livestock. The state has allotted many construction materials, including 1,700,000 cubic meter> of lumber, for construction work.(3) In Minsk, more than 3,500 residential houses (1), or more than 500,000 square meters of living space, 40 schools, tens of institutes, tekhnikums, and scientific research institutes 4), and 200 new streets were completed during the poetF^ar years.(10) The construction of industrial enterprises assumed par+icularly broad proportions in the same period. More than 100 industrial enterprises were built, including automobile, tractor, motorcycle and bicycle, fine L-oleo`hing, and tobacco factories and plants.(5) In 1951, about 62,800 square meters of living space were put into operation in Minek.(6) ee. :?`IIrs _ .;ovetska.;ra ii tsa, whic* together 0 h idosi:ov- ska;= Pu~~ki s syu u__tsa. :._G '' rilOmeters long, has been almost completely built.(5) The residential bu11di son it are fine or six stories high and the public buildings are four stories.(7) A main post offi.e, a palace of culture DISTRIBUTION 1~ Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/08/19: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700070089-5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/08/19: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700070089-5 of trade unions, and several residential houses are presently under construc- tion on Sovetskaya ulitsa. There are three squares on the street which are approximately one kilometer from each other: ploshchad' V. I. Lenina, Tsentral'- naya ploshchad', and Kruglaya ploshchad'. In the near future, the construc- tio! of a new wilding for the Council of Ministers and the Supreme Soviet Belorussian SSR will begin on Tsentral'naya ploshchad', while a television center will be built in the region of Kruglaya ploshchad'. At present, Minsk puts out 11 republic papers and nine journals, and it has two legitimate theaters, five moving-picture theaters, and 166 libraries. The total length of the streetcar and bus lines is around 40 kilometers. The power of the electric power stations in Minsk has multiplied seven times since 1940.(5) The expenditure of around 120 million rubles is planned for 1952 to build 75,000 square meters of living spr--. Among the large industrial enterprises to be built in 1952 are c furniture factory, a melange fabric com- bine, and a lime plant. The construction of a bridge over the Svislnch' River will also be completed in 1952, and the worr.on th( reconstructior of Sovetskaya ulltea will be finished. The first trolley bus line will be put into opera- tion in 195? (8), and the first two 60-seat trolley buses were reported to have arrived in January 1952.(9) The construction of the "Gonales" reservoir, which will supply and regulate the water in the limits of Minsk, will be de- veloped in the same year. Considerable work is planned on intensifying the power of pumping stations and the growth of the network of water mains.(8) Pol-?t}k Oblast In Pol_tsk Oblast, around 800,000 square meters of living space were put into operation in the course of the postwar Five-Year Plan; 29,400 houses built in the countryside were a part of the total amount of living space made avail- able.(10) BOr1POV In 1951, more than one million rubles were spent on construction in Bori- sov end the population received 1,750 square meters of living space. The 1952 p'+n calls for the further improvement of the town and residential con- struction, the complete reconstruction of Privokzal'naya ploshchad', he build- ing of a 48-apartment house, and the construction of residential houses for the workers of the shipyards, the Kumintern Wood-Processing Combine, and the wood pulp plant.(ll) Molodechno Oblast In Molodechno Oblast, a furniture, a sewing, and a footwear factory, a foundry, a machine plant, and a milk-processing plant were put into operation in the last fey years. The Smorgon'skiy Dried Milk Plant was recently put into operation. The second furniture factory of the Oblast is being built in the rayon center of Vileyka.(18) Paranovichi In Baranovichi, 68,830 square meters of living space were built in 1951 and capital repair was finished on 17,500 square meters of living space. In an -tat-'on which supplies the 'ndu try and necp_e the :ity v.h sL.,cieat electricity. a repair a*cd naachiner; plant,. a not::r Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/08/19: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700070089-5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/08/19: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700070089-5 repair plant, and a construction parts plant were put into operation in 1951.(10) A general plan for the reconstruction and new construction has been worked out for Baranovichi.',Komsomol'skaya ulitsa will be reconstructed and the building of an oblast dramatic theater with 800 seats is planned. Several million rubles vill'be invested'in Capital construction in 1952. The construction of a firebrick plant is scheduled to begin, While-a bread-baking combine, a combine for communal services, and a knitted fabric factory must be put into operation in 1952.(12) Four ZIS-155 busses were received as a gift from Moscow for the New Year.0-3) The town of Brest has eliminated all traces of World War II, which des- troyed all its industrial enterprises, the railroad center, and schools. More than 500 houses have been built and the following new streets have been com- pleted: imeni Lomonosova, Lizy Chaykinoy, Gastello, and Lazo. (M Grodno Oblast and City The industry of Grodno Oblast has not only been fully reconstructed since the war; however, it has expanded,(15) Many plants and factories were restored in the city of Grodno in the course of the postwar Five-Year Plan, including a fine wool fabric combine, a construction materials combine, a footwear factory, a foundry and machine plant, and a bicycle plant. A bearing repair plant is under construction on the left bank of the Neman River in Grodno; its first sec- tion will go into operation in the spring of 1952.(16) Around 10 million rubles will be spent on residential construction and city improvement in 1952.(19) More than 2 million rubles have been allotted in 1952 for the reconstruction of a cloth combine in Grodno, and more than one million will be spent on the ex- pansi"n cf a tobacco factoiy.(17) The construction of a new furniture factory was reported to be in full swing in March 1952, and the building of a plant for drying vegetables will begi.. soon afte. that dat..(16) Skidel In 1952, the first sugar factory to make use of local raw materials in the Belorussian SSR Will be built in Skidel. In November i951, a dried milk plant was being put up in Lida.(15) SOURCES 1. Kiev, Pravda Ukrainy, 7 Dec 51 2. Moscow, Izvestiya, 19 Dec 51 3. Minsk, Sovetskaya Belorussiya, 6 Jan 52 4.? Moscow, V Pomoshch' Prof.Jyuznomu Aktivu, No 5, Mar 52 5. Alma-Ata Kazakhstanskaya Pravda, 23 Mar 52 6. Sovetskaya Belorussiya, 17 Apr 52 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/08/19: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700070089-5 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/08/19: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700070089-5 7. Moscow, Arkhitektura, No 1, Jan 52 8. Sovetskaya Belorussiya, 30 Dec 51 9. Ibid.; 8 Jan 52 10. Ibid.*, 28 Mar 52 1' Ibid., 19 Dec 51 12. Ibid., 28 Dec 51 13. Ibid., 13 Jan 52 14. Moscow, Pravda, 24 Dec 51 15. Ibid., 20 Now 51 16. Ibid., 10 Mar 52 17. Sovetskaya Belorussia, 5 Feb 52 18. Ibid., 8 Mar 52 19. Vil'nyus, Sovetskaya Litva, 21 Mar 52 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/08/19: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700070089-5