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December 22, 2016
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September 14, 2011
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August 4, 1953
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Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700120377-9 CLASSIFICATION CONFIDENTIAL SECURTIR INFORI'IATIOh CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY INFORMATION FROM FOREIGN DOCUMENTS OR RADIO BROADCASTS Geographic - Weather conditions Economic - Crop conditions REPORT CD NO DATE OF HOW PUBLISHED Daily newspaper WHERE PUBLISHED Moscow DATE PUBLISHED 3 - 11; Apr 1953 LANGUAGE Russian DATE DIST. 4 AT 11,53 NO. OF -AGES 6 SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION Underlined dates refer to da_,yc of publication. All tempers- -tuxes are in dogreer centigrade, 3 April On 2 April, warm, cry weather, f~vorable for field work, continued throughout the Ukraine, ttoldnvia Crimea, the w. th c-;,:i and ..,. part of Rostovskaya Oblast. Daytime temperatures ^.. ecdei In c'.c,ro s above zero; in Ode.^,r a end Kishinev, they reached al:no: t 2U degre?ec . :I t her_a::.e cooler in the Baltic republics, Belorussia, and the central, re_ ion::. The weather retrained cold in the northern rcf;icu:, the Volga Region, and the Urals. Daytime temperatures were der-;rres above zero in Sr:,1ic:- grad, Kuybyshev, Kazan, and Ufa. The snow had melted from the fields in Y roslavc1caya, Ivanovshaya, Gor,kovskaya, and Saratovskaya oblasts, but a snow cover remained on the ground in Stalingradskaya Oblast. The soil was in condition for i'ield worts in many areas of Rostovskaya Oblast and in various --.lace:; in Actrakbau:cl:ay_ Oblast. Frost remained in the ,,round in the central chernozem zone, delay- ing the drying out of the soil there. On 3 April, it was warmest in the southwestern portion of the European USSR, coldest in the northeastern portion. Noon temperatuures were 16 degrees above zero in Kishinev, 15 in Lvov, 31, in Odessa, 12 in Kiev, Dnepropet.rovek, Simferopol', and Krasnodar, 10 in Rostov on the Don and Vorsshil.avgrad, and 6 CLASSIFICATION CONFIDENTIAL STATE NAVY~0 NS'iP GE-TRIBUTION ARMY AIR I IFfit -_I_1~__L1 I i 1 I LL_ -- i - i 50X1-HUM ise11~ Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700120377-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700120377-9 in Nal'chik. Sowing of early spring crops was in progress in all these areas. Farther north, supplemental additions of fertilizer and harrowing of winter crops and preparation fo- sowing of spring crops continued. Noon temperatures rose to 6 degrees above zero in the Leningrad area, 5 in Riga, and 3-4 in Kursk, Voronezh, Tambov, Saratov, Gor'kiy, Moscow, and Velikiye Luki. Still farther north, the weather was cold; snow was still lying on the ground north of a line running through Tikhvin in Leningradskaya Oblast, Vologda, Kostroma, Gor,kiy, Penza, Kuybyshev, Ural'sk, and Chkalov. Precipitation fell in almost the entire western half of the Transcau- casus; it was quite heavy at some places in this area. Noon temperatures rose to 10-1.2 degrees above zero. Temperatures of 14-16 degrees above zero were recorded in most portions of the Central Asian republics. In Kazakhstan, cold weather continued in Aktyubinskayu and Akmolinsknya oblasts and the oblasts ad,,)ining them on the north and west. On fi April, dry but cool weather prevailed throughout almost all the European USSR. Rain fell only in some foothill regions of the Northern Caucasus. Daytime temperatures higher than 10 degrees above zero were re- corded only in the extreize western parts of the Baltic republics, Belorussia, and the Ukraine. Daytime temperatures were only 8 degrees above zero in Krasnodar, 6 in Simferopol, and 4 in Orel, Tambov, and Saratov; they were 2-3 degrees below zero in Ufa and Chkalov. On the morning of 4 April, a snow cover remained on the ground north of a line running approximately from Leningrad to Chkalov. Snow was also still lying on the fields of Stalingradskaya Oblast, where cold weather still prevails; daytime temperatures of zero degrees were recorded in the Oblast. Sowing of spring crops was in full swing in the Ukraine, Moldavia, and the Northern Caucasus. Potatoes were being planted in the Tiraspoi' area. Fruit trees in orchards of southern Dnepropetrovskaya Oblast were beginning to blossom. It was warm in southern Kazakhstan and in Central Asia. Temperatures were 10-12 degrees above zero in Ashkhabad and Dzhambul and 16 in Stalina- bad. Local rains fell. in these republics. In many areas, tomatoes were be- ing transplanted; in some areas, potato plants were beginning to emerge from the ground. 7 April On 6 April, moderately warm weather prevailed throughout almost all the European USSR. Noon temperatures were 5-8 degrees above zero almost everywhere. It was somewhat cooler in the southern Urals and the Lower Volga Region. Higher temperatures were observed in the Northern Caucasus: 1.1 degrees above zero in Rostov on the Don and 14 degrees in Krasnodar. Light precipitation in the fona of rain and wet snow fell in eastern Belorussia. Strong winds which had prevailed in the southern Ukraine and the Northern Caucasus diminished in force. During the last few days, the snow has completely disappeared from the fields in the Ksrryshin and Stalingrad areas. In the central regions, night frosts are delaying conditioning of the soil for field r?ork. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700120377-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700120377-9 It was comparatively warm in western Siberia; noon temperatures ranged from one to 4 degrees above zero, The weather was very warn in the Trans- baykal region. Daytime temperatures were 12 degrees above zero in Chita and 17 in Blagoveshchensk. It was considerably warmer in Central Asia and southern Kazakhstan. Daytime temperatures rose to 13-16 degrees above zero. 8 April On 7 April, dry weather continued in most of the European USSR. Rains fell during the night and early morning it the Baltic republics, Belorussia, and the northwestern Ukraine. Daytime temperatures in the Crimea, Kuban', and most of the Ukraine rose as high as 15 degrees above zero. Daytime tem- peratures were 12 degrees in Orel and Voronezh, 7 in Moscow, Minsk, Saratov, and Kuybyshev, and 2-3 in Ufa and Chkalov. It was comparatively cold in Stalingradskaya Oblast; during the day, a reading of only a '.cgrees above zero was recorded in Stalingrad. Lo,, temperatures have prevailed in the obl.ast for some time, as a result of which snow is still lying on the fields in many portions of the Oblast. Co the other hand, the snow cover has al- ready disappeared in oblasts further north, including U1'yanovskaya Oblast. The boundary of continuous :snow cover has continued to move northeast- ward and on the morning of 7 Argil ran approxi;:ately from Petrozavodsk through Vologda and Kazan, to Ch!:ntov. The line up to which the soil was in condition for field work ran through Kurskaya and Voronezhskaya oblasts. In some places; the soil was ready to be worked in the northern regions, although the weather was still cold there and the ground still retained con- siderable frost. It was cold in Western Siberia. Daytime temperature:; were 2 degrees below zero in Barnaul and 5 below in I;ovociblrsk; at ni ht, temperatures dropped to 10 degrees below zero. Ilere am; there in Western Siberia, a new snow cover had appeared. It was warm and dry in southern K zu;hst n and Central Asia. Daytime temperatures were about 15 degrees above zero in Dshr:nbtu_ and Kzyl-Orda and 20 in Ashkhabad and Tashkent. Condition; were alto ether "t:vorable for field work and the development of crops. 9 April On 8 April, noon temperatures rose to i4-15 degrees above zero in the Krasnodar aren, Rostov on the Don, Voroshilovgrad, and Dnepropetrovsk, 13 in Voronezh, 12 in Kursk, 11 in Cor'kiy, Tatbov, and Simferopol', 10 in Moscow, Orel, Kiev, and Kishinev, 9 in Lvov and Sverdlovsk, 3 in Odessa, 7 in Stalingrad, Kuybyshev, and Riga, 6 in Minsk, Velikiye Luki, Kirov, and Syktyv- kar, 5 in Kazan' and Vologda, 3 in Leningrad, Chkalov, and Ufa, and one in Petrozavodsk and Arkhangelsk. During the first 12 hours of 8 April, rains fell mainly in the central and northwestern regions of the European USSR. On 8 April, the southern boundary of snow cover ran along a line from the southeastern shore of Lake Ladoga through Volol;da, Shar'ya in Kostrom- skaya Oblast, YelabuL in the Tatarskaya ASCR, and Ural'sk, to a point north of Chkalov. The soil had reached the right condition for field work as far north as a line running from Brest to Astrakhan'. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700120377-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700120377-9 Cold weather prevailed throughout Siberia. It was warn in southern Kazakhstan and in the Central Asian republics. Generally, daytime tempera- tures rose to 22-23 degrees above zero. It was somewhat colder in the mountainous regions. At a depth of 10 centimeters, the soil had warmed to 14-16 degrees above zero. On 9 April, very warm weather continued in the Kuban' and Rostovskayn Oblast; daytime temperatures exceeded 15 degrees above zero. In Stalin- gradskaya Oblast, the weather continued to warm up rapidly. The daytime temperature which had been only 4 degrees above zero on 7 April and 7 de- grees on 8 April, had risen to 13 degrees on 9 April. Temperatures of 1_', degrees above ;ero prevailed also in the western Ukraine; in tan eastern Ukraine, rain began to fall and temperatures fell somewhat, ranging around 10 degrees. The thermometer registered 8-10 degrees above zero in the central re- gions, the Baltic republics, and Belorussia. Rain was falling in Kostrom- skaya, Gor?kovskaya, Vladimirskaya, Tambovskaya, and Voronezhskaya oblastc. The rain belt was moving toward the Volga Region and the southern Urals, where it was still cold. Daytime temperatures were 2 degrees above zero in Kirov, Chkalov, and Kazan' and one degree above zero in Kuybyshev; snow was still lying on the ground in these areas. The rain which fell in th- entral regions somewhat delayed the drying of the scil but promoteI the thawing-out and warming-up processes, consequently, conditions for the development of winter crops and the growth of grasses in meadows and pastures were improved. It was cold in Siberia as far as Lake Baykal. Daytime temperatures were around zero, although 5 degrees below zero were recorded in Irkutsk. A new snow cover was formed here and there in the southern portion of Krasnoyar- skiy Kray. It was warm in Central Asia and southern Kazakhstan. Temperatures were 10 degrees ubevc zero in Alma-At: and Dzhambul, 16 in Stalinabad, arid 2) ill Tashkent. 11 April On 1.0 April, warm weather continued in me. t o!. the Uk1:raine, in Rost.ev- skaya Oblast, and in the NLrthern Caucasus. Te:..:peratures recorded were 11, degrees above zero in Lvov, 16 in Dncprohetrovsk and Voroshilovgrad, lb: in Rostov on the Don, and 22 in Krasnodar. Rain fell. in Mel'J 'iia and the extreme southern Ukraine; temperatures rose to only 3 degrees in Cdessu Lnd 9 in Kishi- nev. Slict:tly cooler weather acccmpanicd by precipitatior was obser^:ed in the northwestern regions and the Urals. The thermometer registered 6 degrees above zero as compared with 10 degrees the day before in Riga; in Velikiyc Luki, the temperature dropped 5 degrees in a 24-hour period. On 10 April, snow ;'ell in Sverdlovsk, Ufa, and Chkalov, but the temperature did not fall below zero. It was 10-11 degrees in Moscow, Orel, Kursk, and Saratov. In many areas of the central zone, the soil has thawed out completely. The line up to which the soil is in condition for working has moved almost up to Pskov, Kalinin, and Saranek. The soil is still frozen in the Middle Volga Region and snow lies on the ground in the Urals. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700120377-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700120377-9 The sowing of spring crops continued in the Ukraine. Crops were al- ready sprouting in the southern portion of the republic. In places, winter crops had entered the stemming-out stage. In Western Siberia and northern Kazakhstan, temperatures rose to 5-6 degrees above zero during the day but dropped to' as low an 6 degrees below zero at night. The fields were free from snow throughout the area ;;ouch of Omsk and Krasnoyarsk. The line up to which the soil was in condition for field work ran through the southern Hart of Karagandins;.aya Oblast. It was warm in southern Kazakhstan and Central Asia. Rain fell. in Stalingrad. Daytime temperatures rose to 15-20 degrees OICO a ever;where. Weather conditions for the growth of crops were good. Apple trc:_s h _"d finished blossoming. Lemon trees had entered the phase of i'ormin;, buds. 12 April The cool weather which set in on 10 April became coldsr on and spread southward. In a 24-hour period, temperature- rh?opped 5 in Kursk, 8 in Moscow, and 10 in Dnepropetrovsk. Warm, dry weather prevailed in the Lower Volga Region, the eastern Ukraine, and the Northern Caucasus. Daytime temperatures were .':.r'cte'seer above zero in Saratov and Voroshilovgrad, 14 in Rostov on the Don, J."', in Stalingrad, and 23 in Krasnodar. Rains and light, local snowfalls occurred in ::nest portions of the Ukraine except the eastern, the chernozem zone, and in Penznnsgiya, ,jnn :n- skaya, Tul'skaya, Moskovskaya, and V1ad1-,irshaya oblhets. Goon three were 9 degrees above zero in Kishinev and Si:r^erogoll, D in Kurs:;, Kiev, and Dnepropetrovsk, 5 in Minsk, and 3 in t?!oscow e.nd } .::.^ 1 time y- temperature in Chkalov was one degree below zero. In the Baltic re- publics and Belorussia, temperatures dropped to 2-4 degrees be cc zero ut night. Warm weather continued in Central Asia and southern time temperatures ranged between 15 and 20 degrees. '^pnin:; it ?,- pJ were in the bushing stage; winter grain crops had entered t!;r? was good. stage. The condition of crops 14 April On 12 and 13 April, the weather became considerably a;.',ter [a the western and northwestern European USSR. In the so.;tlreaeterc the chernozem zone, temperatures dropped sharply. While noon i;c;;pc'oturc- of 12-14 degrees were recorded in Petrozavodsk, Leningrad, 11_;;,, Kiev, and Kishinev, they rose to only 2 degrees above -er,' in 0 .;. shev, and Voronezh. In Kursk Saratov, " and Sisiin,;sac?, registered zero degrees; occasional snowfalls were observed .n Rainy weather prevailed throughout almost oil the Eurorc:- , UdSit. Ii- vv rain fell on 11 April in the eastern half of the Ukraine and throu;;ehou;, ti central zone, including the chernozem regions and the region .:e O, the ._ Volga River. On 12 April, precipitation occurred in the Vclg: B'glen; Burin the morning of 13 April, it was continuing in the Middle Vo10: g. Zion. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700120377-9 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700120377-9 Meteorological conditions for the growth of grass tine development of crop were favorable everywhere, particularly in the Ukraine and the Volga Region. All types of spring field work could be carried out successfully in Belorussia, that portion of the Ukraine went of the Dnepr River, the Crimea, Moldavia, and Northern Caucasus. It was warm in Western Siberia. Fields were free from snow in the northern portion. In the southern portion, the soil was getting into con- dition for field work. Cooler weather returned to Central Asia and southern Kazakhstan. Rain was falling in many areas. Daytime temperatures were 8 decrees above zero in Stalinabad and 9 in Alma-Ata. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700120377-9