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Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Document Creation Date: 
December 22, 2016
Document Release Date: 
September 23, 2011
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Publication Date: 
September 29, 1953
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Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/02/08: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700130564-0 ~ CENTRALCINIECLI~1~~~1~ICY REPORT COUNTRY Albania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Rumania DATE OF SUBJECT Economic -Communist exploitation Political - Unrest HOW PUBLISHED Daily, weekly newspapers WHERE PUBLISHED Athens, Salonica, Istanbul DATE PUBLISHED 18 Jun - 27 Aug 1953 IANGUAGE Greek, TurY.ish, French .. o, ~. ~... ~ao~.... ,o,,. ~. ,...~.,?,o, ? .~.~. hUNGkY llCCX WORI~RS STRII(1; IN :1L41NIA ??- t+thens, S t,ratiotika Neu, 5 Jui 53 Accordir~ to 4lbanian refugees, the dock wor'rers of Durres vent on strike Lecaase of the famiuc situation. On the same dny, many of ehem were arrested and sent to concentration and forced-labor camps. Two days after the strike, new workers were brought into Durres from the Cerrik concentration camp. A few days ago, the Tirana rndio announced that the Soviet freighter Voreshilov was to arrive at Durres bringing wheat to the Albanian people. When the ship arrived, however, it.r+as loaded with war materiel for the Soviet and Albanian armies. The Albanian dock workers refused to unload it, and many of them were executed on the spot, chile others were arrested. The sake refugees reported that there is a great shortage of bread in the northern Albanian provinces and that peasants go to the cities and beg for corn. AI.BANIA'iJS FORCED TO GIVE UP CROPS -- Salonica, ldakedonia, 11 Aug 53 Vienna, 10 August (special service) -- The Tirana radio stated this evening that "the cellectiv~zed peasants of the Albanian People's Republic have given the government 18 percent more wheat and other grains than expected under the plan." ..~ONO1dIC SITILITION IN THE SATELLITES; C01~4dUI~TIST EXPLOITATION, UNREST, 1 JUNE - 27 AiJCUST 1953 DATE DIST. ~~- Sep 1953 N0. OF PAGES 3 SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT N0. THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION In this connection, it has been noted that the "giving" of the grains was done folloving the direct igterference of Hoxha's police. The police are re- ported to hive deprived the peasants of their entire crop, leaving them nothing for their sustenance. CLASSIFICATION NAVY NSRB RESTRICTED ' OITSTRIBUTION I STAT Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/02/08: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700130564-0 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/02/08: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700130564-0 ~ BUI~ARIAfl WORKERS STRIKE FOR HREAD -_ Athena, Stratiotika flea, 12 Jul 53 According to Yugopress, the semiofficial Yugoslav Hers agency, large-scale strikes have occurred recently in Bulgaria, especially in the regions near Macedonia. It vas also reported that during the early part of July, 1,500 to- bacco workers from the factory of the southern Bulgarian city of Pavlovo ~ic; may be Plovdiv] left their work and crowded the city streets crying, "We rant bread; xe rant work." BULGARIAtI PRODUCTS SEIZED -- Istanbul, Yeni Istanbul, 18 Jun 53 Edirne, 17 Juae -- According to reports fro:s reliable sources, two Bulgarians -one a civilian, the other an unarmed soldier -- have fled into Turkey The civilian reported that 872 percent of the agricultural] produce of the Bulgazians has been seized and that, for this reason, all Bulgarian farmers will flee en masse to TurY.ey whenever an opportunity occurs. '!EW ECOIIO!QIC DLEASURES III BUIGARIA -_ Athens, Stratiotika Nea, 19 Jul 53 According to re},orts frem Sofis, the Bulgarian government has increased working hours and passed new measures a~airst those rho do not report for work. A tax of 20~ leva has also been place3 on all rages and sa'arie~, and all childless women are to be taxed. Fux?thermore, all pensions were reduced ~~-30 percent. COh4dUNLST t~ASUREv SLOW AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION lIl BULO.~IRIA -- Athens, I Katiumerini, 27 Aug 53 London (special service) -- According to telegrams from T_enna, infor- mation has beer. received in that city tua* the?e is Ip'eat dissntisfaction and unrest among the Dul,;ari?rr. agricult~u?al populr.tion as a result of the Bulgarinn gover:rnert's oppressive measures. Many pensarte, members of the cooperative labor farms, are refusing to vor'~, and, us a result, there has been n con- siderable decrease in the production cf sugar, cotton, beets, end piatnchio nuts. S}IORTAGE OF ELECTRICITY IN BULGARZAIJ CITIES -- Istanbul, Cumhuriyet, 13 Aug 53 Vienna, 12 August (Nafen) -- According to reports from Buigaris, private establishments in Sofia and its suburb: are permitted to use electricity only 15 hours a dny. a shortage of electricity is alse reported to exist in many other Bulgarian cities. Reme reports state that during July, certain Bulgarian cities had no electricity at all. STORE IN HUNGARY SET UP FOR SOVIET CITILEPIS -- Athens, Le Messager d'Athenes, 26 Jun 53 A special store has been set up exclusively for Soviet citizens on Benezur street Sn Budapest. The prices there are much tower than at other stores. For example, a pair of ;hoes, which normally cost 600 forints in state central stores, is sold to the Soviets for 90 forints. Textile goods are sold at about one third the cost. RES"_RICTED STAT Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/02/08: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700130564-0 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/02/08: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700130564-0 ~ ^ FAMINE TRRF.ATENS RUMANLIN PEOPLE -- Istanbul, Yeni Sabah, 11 Aug 53 Vienna, 10 August (Turkish News Agency) -- Travelers arriving from Bucharest report that Rumania is on the verge of a great famine, resulting not only from poor crops but also from an increase in the amount of food shipments being made to the USSR. On the other hand, prices of wheat, corn, and other foodstuffs are rising rapidly, and the peasants are finding it hard to obtain their own food needs. last veek, thousands of people gathered on the Constants wharfs and shouted insults at tvo Soviet ships, loaded with wheat, which sailed for Odessa. EXTRA 670RK FOR RUMAt17AN EMPIAYEES -- Athens, Stratiotika Ilea, 19 Jul 53 According to reports from reliable sources, even the clerks and accountants cP Sovrompetrol in Vatum transliteration from Creek vere obliged to work after their regular working hours as posters, loaders, and unloaders. Those vhu re- fused to follov these ux~ders were sent to forced labor camps. RUMANIAIQ STATE 31117K ADOPPS P1EW h1EASURES -- Athens, Stratiotika Nea, 19 Jul 53 Reliable information reports that d+.u?ing the monetary reforms, the State Ban'r, of Rumania ordered all those vho own im?.no?,~ble property abroad to sell it and deposit the correspond?.ng Yoreign exchange value at the Rumanian State Pank. Those with movable property were also ordered tc transfer ;.o the Rumanian State ?ank all their foreign bank degosits. Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/02/08: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700130564-0