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Document Creation Date: 
December 22, 2016
Document Release Date: 
September 13, 2011
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Publication Date: 
November 12, 1953
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PDF icon CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150001-2.pdf144.38 KB
Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150001-2 MAR 19952 51-41: C~ SS " F . ' - IFICAT,IOiN ILL FILE NCY REPORT COPY" INFORMATION FROM SIGN DOCUMENTS OR RADIO BROADCASTS CD NO. COUNTRY China SUBJECT Economic - Agriculture, techniques HOW CENTRAL INTELII'EN:E AGENCY PUBLISHED Yearbook CLASSIFICATIOII WHERE ennr;llel PUBLISHED Shanghai. I to^;?i 4C? OW(UALk)eic)ku DATE PUBLISHED 1 Jul 19 LANGUAGE Chinese rr..uxa rx .s~ caoc.I? ..crow. r .......... x o..ovn r . or i r corrzxn ro os.uurr n w ... , .um r?.sox u ?.oxi.nm DATE OF INFORMATION 1951, 1952 DATE DIST. / :,Nov 1953 NO. OF PAGES 2 SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. SOURCE 1952 Jen-min Shou-ts'e (people's Handbook), pp 354-356 fomment and summary: The first section of this report, originally from a Hsin-hua She news release of 8 November 1951, reveals that Soviet agricultural specialists in China are supply- ing advice on crop production, animal husbandry, and agricultural machinery designing, as well as assisting in the formulation of government regulations, especially in the field of animal disease prevention. The second section, cited from the Peiping Jen-min JihJenmin Jih- ado of 14 May 1952, sets forth the ideas of Lysenko, the Soviet agronomist, on the application of scientific ideas in Chinese agriculture and the responsibilities of agricultural scientists experts. It improves soils and reduces weed growth. A number of state farms are adopting the practice. High production figures such as 1,889 catties of cotton, 1,350 catties of wheat, and 1,975 catties of rice per mou, respectively, of diseased carcasses, instead of the old, blind dependence on injections alone. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150001-2 STAT Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150001-2 Troitski.y, a Soviet expert, has given valuable advice in the development of livestock stations and promotion of livestock management and feeding pro- grams. In artificial insemination breeding programs the rate of conception in mares has risen to 85 percent at the K'o-shan Hsien Livestock Station in Heilungkiang. Malakhitonov, Chernikov, and Belov, Soviet experts, gave training lectures in winter 1950 to classes of workers and staff members of state farms. In these lectures they emphasized the close relationship between mechanical know- ledge and knowledge of agricultural principles in the successful use of farm machinery to increase production. The Soviet experts have also given much help in the development of farm-machinery factories. Kutsuliyechov, a Soviet expert, aided in designing the four-row seeders now being manufactured at the North China Central Farm Machinery Factory. Lysenko assisted in developing the aerial insecticide dusting program. Lysenko Discusses Improved Techniques Lysenko, a Russian agronomist serving as a specialist with the government of the People's Republic of China, in a lecture to a training class of Chinese state farm cadres, held in Peiping, made certain observation; on agricultural techniques in China. Lysenko stated, in discussing the high cotton Lunginne7-production record (912 catties per mou) of Ch'u Yao-li in Shansi, that if Ch'u would increase the number of his cotton plants per mou from 3,163 to 4,000 plants, he could raise his production to 1,500 catties per mou. While the present areas of high pro- duction are limited, they can be continuously expanded, and for this, agricul- tural technicians are responsible. Scientific theories will have to be applied in Chinese agriculture to achieve these results, and with such application there need be no arbitrary limits to production. Lysenko pointed out shortcomings in the operations of some of the state farms which the workers were inclined to gloss over, attributing the results of their mistakes to natural calamities such as insects and hail. Lysenko said that farmers must master the forces of nature and not permit such calamities to hinder production. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150001-2