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December 22, 2016
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September 13, 2011
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November 23, 1953
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Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150135-4 COUNTRY Bulgaria SUBJECT Scientific - Miscellaneous, organization, HOW Academy of Sciences PUBLISHED Monthly periodical WHERE PUBLISHED Moscow DATE PUBLISHED Nov 1952 LANGUAGE Russian CLASSIFICATION COn'FIDEh'TL',L CENTRAL INTELLGENCE AGENCY INFORMATION FROM FOREIGN DOCUMENTS OR RADIO BROADCASTS ~,~ ., ..~ . , ,o.i .. o ~.~., a...~,s , ..., o. ., , REPORI' CD N0. DATE OF DATE DIST. a ~ Nov 1953 NO. OF PAGES 3 SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT N0. THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION Priroda, No 11, (November), 1952~pp ?1-85 INFORIMTION ON ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF THE B[JLGAttIAN PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC Aced A. I. 14iadzhiolov fdore than 300 senior and ,junior scientific associates and assistants are working in institutes of the Academy oi' Sciences of the Bulgarian People's Re- public, and this number is increasing annually. The budget of the academy is also increasing annually, and at present is hundreds of times larger than that of the pre-September ~94J period. Large sums have been disbursed for the construction of new institutes, and buildings for the following institutes are now under construction; Institute of F1&nt Cultivation, Institute of Zoo- technics; Veterinary Institute, and Institute of kicrobiology, Plans have been drawn up for the construction of buildings for the Physical, Chemical, Geological, and 6fedical Institutes. At present, the academy consists of sev?n departments, as follows; p}~.sico- mathematical and Technical Sciences; Geologicogeographica). and Chemical Sciences; Biological and tdedical Sciences; History, Archeology, and Philosophy; Linguistics, Ethnography, and Literature, Legal and 3conomic Sciences; and Graphic Arts and Culture. The formation of independent Departments of Agricultural, Chemical, and Technical Sciences has been suggested, The departments of the academy con- trol thirty scientific research institutes, five musewrs, zoological and botanical gardens, mountain stations, and general academic libraries. The acadeigy has its own publishing house and typographical and other institutions. Scientific workers of the institutes of the Acadec~y of Sciences of the Bulgarian People's Republic, and in particular those of the Institute of Geology, Institute of Geography, Institute of Agricultural biology, Institute of Animal Husbandry, Institute of Soil Studies, Institute of Physics, Institute of Chemistry, Institute of Engineerin;, Institute of Racteriology, Institute of Medicine, Veterinary Institute, Institute ofLoology, Institute of Aotany, and the Insti- tute of Architecture are doing much for the solution of important problems in industry, agriculture, and trans;;ort anti far the utilization of the native wealth of the country: NAW I I I Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150135-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150135-4 CONFIDENTIAL Geologists and mining engineers have c^~3urted much work on the cor.:~truc- tion of the "Stalin", "Kolarov " and St d , u ena reservoirs. Many of them, such as Academician S. Dimitrov and I. Yovr_hev, C~rrespcnding Member of the academy, have received high government awards, and Eng Prof ,'imu Filo? has been awarded a Dimitrov Prize Por his development of the protect for the "Kolarov" Dam. The Institute of Geuiogy of the academy is sending out scientific ex- per7ltions with the aim of discovering *.he location of phosphates and other ray: materials necessary to the "Stalin" Chet+_csl Combine in Dimitrovgrad. Physicists, geodesists, and engineer, arc giving enormous assistance in the solution of a series of basic problems connected with the fulfillment of the state plan in the fields of ele^trif~?:a*.i~n, the electrical industry, ma- chine building, the wood-processing _nd,astrv eater supplies, etc. Bulgarian chemists are working o^ problems in the production of zinc, lead, silver, copper, and synthetic rubber, The institute of Chemistry of the academy has successfully carried out a plant experiment on the production of vegetable oils by a new method. A machine for the separation of maize germs from the seeds has been constructed and put irt~ oFeration. Assistance has been given to the pharmacological', wood rosin, chemi-a:, perfumery, and other branches of industry. ` The Institute of Soil Science of tY.e academy was formed in 1947- Workers of the institute took part in the Soviet-Bulgarian soil-science expedition in 1947 under the leadership of I. N, An*.1pev?Kara*_ayev and I. P. Gerasimov, the well-known Soviet soil scientists. The class ificatioa of soils established by the expedition are serving as a basis for the composition of a soil atlas oP Bulgaria. Workers of the Institute of Soil Science have carried out research on considerable areas in southern Bulgaria w!:ic.h must be irrigated, and have establiahed a detailed map oP certain regions. Zn connection with soil micro- flora, the institute has established that an important microorganism -- nitrogea- assimilating bacteria -- is particular'_y widespread in tobacco plantations and rice fields. The discusslo^ orga;ized by - e a-:ademty has had great significance for science and practice in connect.ior, w:-hlthe~ erroneous theory of "shallow tilling," in the destruction of which 'ruik^ Cherverkov has given valuable per- sonal assistance. In 1949, after the conference o:~ the prcbiems of biology conducted by the academy, biology in Bulgaria was recons-ra-ted ~n ?he bas?s of Michurin teach- ing, and turned its attention to the neea;: agricultural practice. The con- ference on problems of animal husbandry, ;nnvered i~ 1950, was a continuation of the biological conference. The pubiicatio:; of a series of works such as The Flora of Bulgaria by N. Stoyanuv and F. S?efanov, Meadow and Pasture Vegetation in Connection With.~he Problem of Forage, and others by botanists and agricultural biologists have had n Brest practical significance for agr1- culture. The i.istitute of General Blolcgy is li^king its work much more success- fully to the demands of practice. Experimental methods for practicing the teaching of Academician M. Popov or. stimula?.crs hove been devised. These methods were used on 800 hectares of state and cooperative land. Academician B. Stefanov has found a method of accelerating *.he sprouting of grains of low. ~percentage?~ germination. As a result cf. his method, it is possible to ob- tai^ unifonu sc~~ding with germination up t.e 9~, Extensive research on the tuber bacteria of the soybean, the kidney bean, pea, etc. has been carried out under *_he leadership of Academician V. Markov, with the aim of improving the bean yield: Preparstions for the vaccination ~ic; probably coating of seeds with bacterial fertilizer]~of seeds of these plants have been obtained in order to increase their productivity. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150135-4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150135-4 COIyFZDEiTi ~L the Five-Year Plan o TheiinstHtutenhas achieved by ood milk or s o g results in ai ng the yield of cattle oi' local Iekur bre~edn^and is work on the investigation of local breeds of Pine-wool sheen ena A The Institute oP Microbiology of the academy has introduced the pectinose (dl-arabinose) preparation "Bistrin " Whi h h , c as been successfully used in Purification of fruit ,juices in the canning industry. This has obviated the import of preparations from ab road, A group of scientific workera headc9 by Acadeaician Stefan Khadzhidobrev has been awarded s Dimitrov Prize for this vork. significance Por agriculture,cparticulaglyofonc~onirol of harmfulminsects. of the ~- ""' "'"'F'-r`elY transformed. Many scientific workers oP the academyteoffcertainmsci ne ti1 r ar *i i t o o i en fic rese ch nst tutea of the Ministry of Public Health and Social Welfare, of the bfedical Academies in Sofia end Plovdiv, and of the Institute of Speciallzatioa sad Trainin a a of D i g er octors are working on es of important problems connected with the teaching of I. P. Pavlov and 0. B. Lepeahinskaya's new tileorv r,e rr? ,. _,..,_ _~. ._ 50X1-HUM Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150135-4 ?