Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 22, 2016
Document Release Date: 
September 13, 2011
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
November 30, 1953
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150182-2.pdf422.99 KB
Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150182-2 CLASSIFICATION CONFIDENTIAL SECURITY IIr`FORMATION CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY INFORMATION FROM FOREIGN DOCUMENTS OR RADIO BROADCASTS SUBJECT Political - Local press, party criticism HOW PUBLISHED Daily newspapers WHERE PUBLISHE Bucharest DATE PUBLISHED 1 - ?29 Apr 1953 LANGUAGE Rwnanian ~, ,. .. , ,,,~.,.,~.a a, ,~.? ~.. ,?,~e.. ,~~ REPORT CD N0. DATE OF DATE DIST. 3o fiov 1953 N0. OF PAGES 7 SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT N0. CRITICISM OF RUMANIAN LOf:Ai. NF,WSPAPERS -Y TWO OFFICIAL PARTY PAPERS ~omment: Scanteia, official organ of the Rumanian Communist Party, and Romania Libera, official organ of the people's councils, during 1 - 29 April 1953 devoted more space than usual to criticism of Rumanian local newspapers published by regiune ani raion ommit- tees. This criticism was directed at the failure of the papers to (1) support party and government directives on collectivization and spring planting and (2) popularize Soviet and Rumanian work methods in industrial fields. According to Scanteia and Romania Libera, the local newspapers failed to criticize the errors of local party organs in their columns. mhe followtnq report presents summaries of these criticisms taken from 1 - 29 April 1953 issues of Scanteia and Romania Libera. Numbers in parentheses refer to appended sources) General According to Scanteia, regiune anP raion newspapers must play en importan' i?o]e in agriculture by mobilizing workers to carry out springy planting ~r sched- ule. They must popularize Soviet methods and the suggestions aua taperiences oT Soviet and Rumanian leading workers, the paper stnted. They must disseminate information on party organizations, particularly executive committees of peo- ple's councils. Scanteia also noted that press organs must always combat improper practices, delaying tactics, and the slothful attitude of many super- vi.=pry units, sll of which help the tools of the hostile class. They must coa:bat mistakes which still exist in socialist agriculture and which are com- L~it*,ed by party and state organs which aid and supervise collectives. These Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150182-2 newspapers must explain the provisions of the new collective statute. Scanteia further stated that regiune and press organs must attract workers to the ful- fillment of the Five-Year Plan in 4 yearF and they must encourage the use of advanced methods in production.(1, 2, 3) Arad Regiune Scanteia, in criticizing the Arad Regiune newspaper Flacara Rosie, stated the following; Flacara Rosie, official press organ of Arad, published a number of articles on spring preparations for early plantin in 1 not make a thorough analysis of the actiaities9of rimarver, the newspaper did and executive committees of commune people's councils n r,~akeysurganizations the improvement of their mistakes. The vaterial was not well organized nsTher paper failed to popularize innovations and experiences cf party organizations and other groups, nor did it encourage competitions. Criticism of party and state organizations was soft. For example, in a basic article published on 22 March 1953, Flacara Rosie wrote; "It is necessary to bring forth proof in a special manner of the completely improper attitude shown by members of the executive committee of the Seceani people's council in regard to areas where sowing has not begun at all." This phraseology has nothing in common with Communist. criticism. Such an attitude must not be "brought Forth in a special manner," as the paper stated, but must be condemned bitterly, and those respon- sible oust be brought to account. Such criticism as that expressed in Flacara Rosie contributes without a doubt to the continued presence of persons who do not devote sufficient attention to spring planting.(1) Bacau Aegiune Scanteia carried the following article on Steagul Rosu, organ of the Bacau P.egiune party committee and the people's council; From 1 March to 8 April, Steagul Rosu printed a number of articles on competitions and the popularization of advanced work methods. The paper pre- sented accounts of workers applying Soviet methods. It also published a num- ber of articles in this perio3 criticizing the manner in which enterprises of the regiune applied advanced methods. For example, an article entitled "The Nineteenth Congress Cement Factory Must Extend the Initiative of Communists of Boldesti" analyzed reasons for the very small scale introduction of advanced methods at the factory. The analysis showed that this error was due to the lack of concern shown by party organizations, the enterprise committee, and the management. Oa the other hand, Steagul Rosu published many articles on party organizations which helped to extend the use of advanced methods. However, during the 1 March - $ April period, the newspaper neglected to Aoa1 profoundly with competitions and advanced methods Sn petroleum, forestry, constructions and other basic activities of the regiune. Steagul Rosu should have devoted special attention to the extension and popularization of Soviet methods of rapid and intensive drilling in oil 1'iclds, and should have shown a more combative spirit toward irregularities evident among msnagaments of some of the regiune's oil fields in supporting the application of new methods. The editors erred in failing to explain the use of the cyclic graph method in the Comanesti coal fields, the Orlov and Koroliyov irethods of rapid brick at construction enterprises, etc. Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150182-2 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150182-2 The paper did devote some attention to wood exploitation and industrial- ization, however. A basic article and a special page covered the subject. Nev~rtheleas, the editors did not try to emphasize tY.e achievements and errors which occurred is the application of advanced methods in the wood industry. The paper's articles should have been of more value in the development of com- petitions, in the spread of advanced work methods in forestry Exploitation, and in describing achievements of Stakhanovites. In general, the paper published very few items by Stakhanovites and lead- ing workers, in which they describe their methods in order to aid other workers to apply them. The paper did not devote enough attention to attracting more enterprise directors, engineers, and technicians to contribute articles or to aid in describing advanced methods. The editorial collective of Steagul Rosu must devote more attention and more space to competitions and must discuss the various problems connected with the fulfillment of the Five-Year Plan in 4 years.(3) Barlad Regiune The following criticism of Steagul Rosu, official organ of the Barlad Regiune party committee and people's council, appeared in Scanteia: Steagul Rosu published many articles on the spring agricultural campaign, particularly is support of party organizations. The newspaper published a model plan to be followed by primary party organizations for the preparation and supervision of the spring agricultural campaign. Errors of a number of party and state organizations were pointed out. A number of managements of MTS and state farms were criticized. However, the daily newspai,?r did not carry out its full duties under a decree oP 6 February 1953 setting up duties for press and other units in the spring campaign. Calls for competition were published in a formal and bureaucratic manner. Thus, for example, issue No 204 of Steagul Rosu criticized state and party units in Panciu Raion because only 80 fields had been sown in the raion. The paper did not point out that chair- men of executive committees of people's councils and chiefs of agricultural sections were satisfied with organizing competitions in villages without leav- ing tY.eir offices. Nor did it discuss chairmen of executive committees of people's councils it Caluti~:ommun^ who challenged those of Cotofenesti to competitions without initiating competitions in their own ureas.(1) The editors of Steagul Rosu and the Barlad Regiune party committee organ- ized a conference to aid editorial collectives of wall newspapers to improve their work. More tnan 40 men attended the conference and heard speeches on mode]. organization of wall newspapers. The talks demonstrated the efi'ective- ness of calls to competition by wall newspapers in the Bolesl?w -ierut, FRB (Filatura Romans de Bumbac, Rumanian Spinning Mill), and 30 D%cembrie plants, Bucharest Regiune. At the conference, the editor of Uzinu, wail newspa~e of ther'oc.sani communal enterprise, spoke on the planning and organization cf the editorial collectives of wall newspapers, the most pressing problems of e!,t~rpriscs, and the contribution of his paper to intensified competition anti Com.!runrct c-ducatien of workers. The speaker discussed in an uutocritical manner t:~e errors oi' the Focsani newspaper collective in not using cartoons as weapons e3Linst 1,ad habits and in not sufficiently emphasizing Soviet and Rumanian St?'shanovite metlrods. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150182-2 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150182-2 ~ stated that the editorial collective of the paper,YUnder the directioln,of the primary party organization, had distributed leaflets showing the achievements of tractor drivers'in competition and criticizing drivers who fell behind in plan fulfillment. The editor of the wall newspaper oP the Murgeni state farm presented a talk on the manner in which his paper supported the spring sowing campaign. subsequent discussion revealed, however, that there are many wall newspapers which present articles of a general character, which have no connection with specific problems of their respective enterprises. It was also pointed out that numerous primary party organizations failed to appreciate the importance of wall newspapers and did not analyze the work of the administrative collec- tives of tha_se papers. In conclusion the chief editor of Steagul Rosu explained the proper organization of the editorial collective, the best manner of writing articles, the way in which to check the efficiency of published material, etc.(4) Cluj Regiune Faclia, organ of the Cluj Regiune party committee and people's council, was praised as follows by Scanteia: Faclia published a number of articles in support of the party and govern- ment program for holding general meetings to inform peasants of their duties in the spring agricultural campaign and for supporting the new model collective statute. These articles, written by the staff of the nevapsper and by contrib- utors, demonstrated the enthusiastic support of collectivists for the spring sowing campaign. The articles included portraits of leading workers, chairmen of collectives, brigade leaders, animal raisers, etc. This material summarized very well the experience of leading workers and demonstrated their love of ^nd care for common property and their desire to increase and strengthen collec- tives, One article, entitled "Primary Party Organizations. Leaders of Compe- tition in Agricultural Collectives," popularized the experience of the primary party organization of the Salatiu collective. The portrait entitled "A Faith- ful Defender of Common Property" describes haw collectivist Gedeon Pop suc- ceeded in raising more hogs than planned.(2) Constants Regiune Scanteia had the following to say about Dobrogea Nous, daily newspaper of Constants Regiune. Dobrogea flown published numerous articles on spring preparations, shoving how party organizations and people's councils were supporting competitions in sowing and soil preparation. However, the newspaper did not discuss progress of spring planting among independent peasants. Nor did it analyze thoiroughly the work of the primary party organizations and executive committees of commune people's councils in order to point out and aid in the improvement of their errors. The editors of Dobrogea Noua do not appear to be working according to a definite plan in the presentation of material.(1) Craiova Regiune The following criticism of Inainte, offlrisl organ of the Craiova Regiune party committee and people's council appeared in Scanteia: Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150182-2 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150182-2 ~ Inainte did not discuss sufficiently?problems raised at meetings of leading collecti~?Csts, and devoted too little space to the new collective statute. No* enough articles appeared on the statute and some of the discussions published were on a very lov level. Articles on leading workers in collectives did not give concrete information on successful nev methods which were adaptable to Craiova. Issue No 2551 oP Inainte contained the portrait oP brigade leader Gheorghe Udrea; but did not mention his qualities as a brigade leader, orga~_ izer, and leading worker, nr the fact tLat he was a man of initiative and per- spicacity, a lover of common property. Articles tended to be superficial. They did not criticize stste and party organizations which should have supervised primary party organizations and administrative councils in preparing agendas for people's meetings. In addition the paper did not publish answers to questions submitted by collectivists and leading workers on provisions of the new model collective statute.(2) Galat_ i~egi~e Romania Libera and Scaateia called attention to the following achievements and shortco~ of Vista Noua official organ of the Galati Regiune party com- mittee and people's council -~ Vista Noua fulfilled its duties in the spring agricultural campaign in regard to popularizing good work methods. The paper repeatedly criticized seri- ous errors oP people's councils, but not to a sufficient degree. Vista Noua Bu~ora and Calmatiuetoot~asktfor lateness indmobi~lizinpeople's councils in Galati, sowing, Por failure to assure s supply of seeds, and PorePailurefto applyng and advanced agricultural techniques. The paper also published a special page on good organization of work is Viziaru Commune, Calmatiu Raion. However, VIat~Noua did not concern itself sufficiently with the failure of permanent agricultural commissions and actives to motilize executive commit- tees and the peasantry in general, The work of permane^t agricultural commit- tees was not well analyzed.(5) Too little space was devoted to the explanation of Soviet methods and to the popularization of the model statute for collec- tives.(2) Hungarian Autonomous Regiune Scaateia published the following iter scoring Voros Zaszlo, press orgsn of the Hungarian Autonomous Regiune party committee .end people's council: Voros Zaszlo committed a very serious error in failing to popularize the new ?nodel statute among peasants and in failing to unmask lies and hostile a-tiv- itY rf the classes opposing collectivization. It did not publish answers to quo..cions of collectivists and leading workers on the new model statui.e nor :ry to convince independent peasants of the advantages of joining a collective, The paper distorted information in a vile manner. These mistakes show thst the editorial collective of the paper did not concern itself' with the examination of problems connected with the socialization of agriculture.(2) Iasi Regiune Lupta p~foldovei, official press organ of the Iasi Regiune people's cow,crl and party committee, was criticized by Scaateia as follows; -5- CGNFIDEP]TIAL Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150182-2 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150182-2 spring preparation. It criticized - vy ~~ i~i~o "? successes obtained in u al managements Yor failures and mistakesnd Thuse fo~aexamplensarticleslwFr entitled "What Is the Management of the MI5 in Lugo,j Doiagl" or "Formalism and Superficiality is Haeic Organizational Work in Ruginoaea Commune Must be Liqui- dated." However, the paper "ailed to appreciate the necPseity for popularizing successful experiences is villages. Thus in the 25 March 1953 issue, the paper contained an article entitled "Enough of Waiting for P'avoranle weather" which did not discuss the fact that working peasants of Iugaai and Mlrcesti had chal- lenged each other to a competition, nor the fact that more than 600 peasants went to the cultural center in Mircesti to discuss the competition and to call all communes of the raion to fight for a richer harvest. Such a fact should be popularized-and the idea of competitions brought before all peasants of the raion. Criticism of party and state organizations was soft instead of combative and was presented in a phraseology which had nothing in common with Communist criticism. No special material was reported on the unmasking of hostile acts by class enemies in connection with the sowing campaign. Lupta Moldovei pub- lished a 2-page account of a surprise inspection of the progress of the sowing campaign without mentioning or unmasking kulak saboteura:(1) Scanteia criticized Drum Aou, organ of the Stalin Regiune party committee and people's cuuncil, as follows; Drum Nou published little material on the extension of nev methods between 1 March~Apr~, 1953? Among the few articles published were "For a Thorough Uhderstanding anu espylication~~of the Most Advanced Work Methods" and "For a Greater Dissemination of Soviet Methods." In addition, the paper published sev- eral articles by Stakhanovites and leading workers. However, only short and infrequent items discussed achievements obtained as a result of competitions, or information on new methods. important enterprises introduced the use-ofythe Koleeovymetallcuttingtmethod on a large scale. However, Drum Nou fruitlessly continued to seek out problems facing party organizations, unions, and enterprise managements in the applica- tion of the 7ethod. The paper did not report successes obtained by lathe oper- ators nor systematically publish solutions to the problems raised. The editor- ial collective of the newspaper did not try to attract leaders in competition, Stakhanovites, technicians, and engineers to write articles and give practical information on how to apply the Kolesov and other Soviet and Rumanian methods. Tn the Puture, the editorial collective of Drum Nou must fight tirelessly to find the hest ,journalistic means i'or popularizing the use of advanced meth- ods ?in industry. The newspaper must lend permanent aid to party and unio^ organizations and enterprise managements so that they may create the proper conditions for the application of new methods. At the same time, the Stalin Regiune party committee should supervise and support the editorial collective of Drum Nou and assign it specific tasks in connection with spreading compe- titions and applying advanced methods among workers.(3) Timisoara Regiune Romania Libera and Scanteia carried the .following remarks on Lu_ ptatorul Banatean, official organ of the Timisoara Regiune party committee and people's council; Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150182-2 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150182-2 ~ in the s ri -~--~`~ - """ "??1pD ?cwa ocaer regions newspapers p ng campaign. It covered activities of executive committees of peo- ple's councils closely. For example, titles of indiv;dual articles were ae follows: "Lack of Interest in the Application of the Agrominimum in the Prep- aration for Planting in Gavo,~dia," "For the Intensification of Agricultural Work in Deta Raion, All Equipment for Ploughing and Sowing," etc. LuPtatO_ rul Banatean analyzed the causes cf errors committed by the executive commit- tees in Lugo, Deta, Remetea-Mare, and other areas and showed these executive committees how to overcome the errors. The paver published special issues on surprise investigations. Such material was of special value in giving a raion breakdown oa spring preparation and planting as supervised by executive com- mittees of people s councils. The paper also published special.pages devoted to fighting bureaucracy, lack of vigilance, and failures to maintain proper z:cords and checks.(5) Luptatorul Banatean analyzed the causes of errors manifest in the activ- ities ,f executive committees in Lugo,j, Deta, Remetea-Mare, etc., sad cnoxed how these committees could overcome their errors. 6pecial pages on surprise investigations, entitled, "Let Us Strengthen the Political-Organizational Work for the Success of the Spring Camgaign in Lugo, Raion," "Let Us Lend Impetus to the Socialist and Patriotic Competition in the Sowing Campaign," "All Equip- ment for Ploughing and Sowing," etc., represent valuable support of raion and commune executive committees. Cartoons have been used by the newspaper in an effective manner to criti- cize errors, to fight bureaucracy, to overcome the lack of revolutionary vigi- lance, etc. IIowever, the paper has not presented enough analyses of the activities of permanent agricultural committees nor stimulated the creation of agricultural actives.(3) 1. Bucharest, Scanteia, 1 ppr 53 2. Ibid., 28 Apr 53 3. Ibid., 16 Apr 53 ~. Ibid., 29 Apr 53 5. Bucharest, Romania Libera, 28 ppr 53 -7- CONFIDENTL4L 50X1-HUM _ ,. _. I Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150182-2