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Document Creation Date: 
December 22, 2016
Document Release Date: 
September 13, 2011
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Publication Date: 
December 14, 1953
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PDF icon CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150349-7.pdf237.73 KB
Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/13: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150349-7 CLASSIFICATION cobiF'IDENTZAL CENTRAL INTELL G N ~yN REPORT INFORMATION FROM FOREIGN DOCUMENTS OR RADIO BF?'.ADCASTS CD N0. COUNTRY j7?cSR SUBJECT Economic; Technological -Food machinery HOW PUBLISHED Daily aewepapers WHERE PUBLISHED USSR DATE PUBLISHED to Jun - 9 Jul 1953 LANGUAGE Russian DATE OF 1953 INFORMATION DATE DIST. /~f- Dec 1? ?< N0. OF PAGES 4 SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. T!~IIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION NEW SOVIET MACHINERY FOR FOOD INDUSTRY NEW E@UIPMENT FOR TEA, WINE, AND TOBACCO INDUSTRIES __ Baku, Bakinskiy Rabochly, 10 Ju^ 53 More than 30 types of equipment for the tea, wine, and tobacco industries have been perfected in the postwar years at the Tbilisi Machine Building Plant imeni Ordzhonikidze. Preparations are nov being made fcr the aeries produc- tion of a hydraulic press for enterprises producing food concentrates. BREAD MAKING AGGREGATrS -- Moscow, Moskovskaya Pravda, 13 Jun 53 Fifteen dough making and rolling machines have been built by the Moscow Experimental Machinery Plant of the All-Union Scientific Research Institute thetmachines-villnbelusedtin?makinggroundycroaclaels,anEachlmachine~will doethe work of 11 men. Scientists and workers at the plat are now developing an automatic con- stant-flow line for baking long loaves of bread. An aggregate which will pro- duce 30,000 loaves of bread per day is now being built. A11 operations, be- ginning with the measurement of ingredients and ending with the removal of the finished product from the oven, will be mechanized. CANDY MAKING MACHINERY -- Vil'nyus, Sovetskaya Litva, 18 Jun 53 The Barskiy Machine Building Plant (Vinnitskaya Oblast) of Glavmashdetal' rMain Administration of Machine and Parts Building, Ministry of Light Industry USSR? has mastered the series production of constant-flow lines for caramel .50X1-HUM Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/13: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150349-7 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/13: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150349-7 id4CHINES FOR CONFECTIONARY EIPPFRPRISES __ lioscox, Vechernyaya hfoskva, 8 Jul 53 The Moscow DSossel'prom Factory has dust completed tests of an experimental rotary machine to be used for biscuit making in small confectionary enter- prises. Poxered by a 0.5-kilowatt motor, it can produce up to 700 kilograms oP baked goods per shift. The machine building shop will make 50 of these machines in 1953 In July 1953, this shop is producing a large batch of equipment for the food industry -- toffee rolling machines, Y.neading and pulling machines, rotary pumps, and stamping and cutting apparatus for caramels, A large shipment in- cluding a kneading machine, stamping and cutting apparatus for caramels, and other equipment has been prepared for the Yeysk Fuod Combine in Krasnodarskly 1~ay. LOCK 11EW MACRINERY FOR WINE INDUSTRY __ Kishinev, Sovetskaya bfoldaviya, 9 Jul 53 V. Krolenko, instructor-engineer at the Kishinev School of Wine Making, has designed a new high-production, continuous-operation wine press and a measuring tank for wir.=. Both designs have been examined and approved, gow_ ever, there is no one to build them. For this reason, the development and introduction of new machinery in wine production have been suspended. APPARATUS FOR FOOD INSPl;CTION -- Moscow, Vechernyaya Moskva, 3 Jul 53 The Leningrad Commercial Equipment Plant has mastered the production of nn apparatus for luminescence analysis, The npparatus is to be used for determining the quality of vegetables, fruits, and other food products. One hundred of these units have already been sent to the largest procurement ba^, es and storage points for fruits and vegetables. PACKAGIPIG DiACH'INFS FOR THE FOOD ffiDUSTRY -- LaningradsY,aya Pravda, 26 Jun 53 The wrapping and packaging of food ure among the most labor-consuming operations in the food industry. In postwar years, the food industry has been equipped with highly productive automatic crapping machines. In con- fectionary enterprises alone, the number of xrapping machines in 1952 was three times the 1940 number. Four packaging machines have been tested at the Leningrad Food Concen- trates Combine, lachines for packaging coffee, caramels, and short-cut maca- roni products will be designed on the principle of these basic machines. Two of the machines were built at the Krnsnaya Vagranka Plant, for wrapping and labeling solid food concentrates, chile the. other tao were made at the Voro- nezh Plant imeni Lenin, for wrannt.,~ ~,,., _.._,.__, __ . shops of confectionary factories. The constant-flow lines will fully mechn- size the making of caramels. The first consignments of constant-flow lines hsve already been sent to confectionary factories in the Soviet Union. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/13: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150349-7 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/13: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150349-7 On the other hnnd, the UZA sad UEA machines of the Krasnaya Vagranka . Plant, designed for wrapping and labeling food concentrates, do not have similar distinguishing technical f eatures. The tests showed that the ma- chines had been finished with poor-quality paint, and after they had been in operation a short time, the poor quality of casting became apparent. There are great deficiencies in the quality of paper used for wrapping and packaging food products on automatic machines. Little attention has been given to this problem. An investigation in 1952 showed that low-quality paper was responsible for the unsatisfactory performance of packaging machines. Measures were provided to improve the quality of paper, but little was actuai].y done. The Leningrad Food Concentrates Combine obtains its paper mainly from Leningrad and Leaingradskaya Oblast, although some comes from the Estonian SSR. The Paper Mill imeni Volodarakiy produces parchment, which is unsuita- ble for automatic packaging machines, and the paper coming from the Vyborg Food Combine is alsc unsuitable. -- I. Val'per, chief engineer, Leningrad Food Concentrates Combine. NEW BOTTLE WASHING AUTOMATIC -- Tbilisi, Zarya Vostoka, 1 Jul 53 Tbilisi Wine Plant No 1 has put into operation a new continuous-action rotary bottle washing automatic designed by I. Kadeishvili, P. Sokhadze, and N. Pegov. The conveying, loading, and unloading of bottles are done automatically, The soiled bottles, carried on s conveyer, pass through a door from the packing room and enter the automatic, xhere they are washed 24 times ~n hot chemical solutions for a 16-minute period. They are then automati- cally unloaded and sent to the filling shop. The whole cycle of washing ~ext has "filling"~ is done by four sychro- nized machines, distinguished from all existing bottle washing machines by the originality of design., Cleanliness of the bottles is comparable to that obtained by hand washing.. The rotary principle of operation, ease in handling, light weight, and high degree of efficiency are the principal features of this machine. It will make an important contribution to pro- duction economy at enterprises using bottles.. The automatic relieves from heavy labor more than h0 people per shift, and washes 20,000 one-liter bottles in 8 hours. 7f necessary, it can also be used to wash smaller bottles. The automatic, with certain improvements, was recommenced for series production.. These improvements have been Tade. The designers are now working on the incorporation of four machines which will wash, vacuum fill, cork, and label bottles in a single synchro- nized automatic line.. REFRIGERATORS FOR VILLAGE STORES AIdD RESTAURANTS __ Tallin, Sovetskaya Estoniya, 9 Jul 53 A group of workers of the Estonian Republic Council of Consumers' Socie- ties, in conjunction with workers of the Leningrad Institute of the Refriger- ation Industry, have developed a design for a new refrigerator which operates on a kerosene heater, .. ,... >. ,, '~~ Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/13: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150349-7 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/13 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150349-7 CONFIDEDl1'7AL Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/13 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700150349-7 The refrigerator ie based on_the ammonia-vaporization principle . In 195+, this refrigerator mill go into mass production sad mill be in- stalled in village stores and restaurants inhere electricity is not available.