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June 1, 1954
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Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 CLASSIFICATION CORFIDFHTI; I, CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY REPORT INFORMATION FROM FOREIGN DOCUMENTS OR RADIO BROADCASTS CD NO. COUNTRY USSR DATE CF SUBJECT Economic - Domestic trade INrJRMATION HOW PUBLISHED Daily newspapers WHERE PUBLISHED USSR DATE PUBLISHED 1-30 Sep 1953 LANGUAGE DATE DIST. / cTuNE 1954 NO. OF PAGES 16 SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION RETAIL TRADE IN THE USSR; CRITICISM OF SOVIET TRADE ORGANIZATIONS. FEPItTBER 1953 [The following report represent; a compilation of articles deal- ing with retail trade in consumer goods in the USSR from the Soviet press in September 1953. Numbers in parentheses refer to appended sources.] According to Izvestiya of 9 September 1953, the USSR had, aprroximately 8,500 kolkhoz markets located in most cities and rayons, in most of the work- ers' settlements, and at many railroad stations. The paper urged all market administrr.t.ion:; to conclude agreements with kolkhozes for the sale of surplus potatoes, veg-tables, and other products. In the first half of 1953, Moscow markets entered irto approximately 2,000 such agreements.(1) A September 1953 article in Trud stated that the I;ain Administrations of Workers' Supply of the industrial ministries have improved their operations considerably. Commodity turnover and the trade network were continually ex- panding. For example, within the Main Administration of Workers' Supply of the Ministry of Petroleum Industry, the level of commodity turnover in the first half of 1953 almost doubled the average monthly turnover of 1950. By 1 July 1953, the network of retail trade and public eating enterprises of the administration had reached 4,758 units, as compared to 2,941 on 1 January 1950. Well equipped stores have been opened in Nebit-Dag, Krasnodar, Baku) and a number of rayons of Tatarskaya and Bashkirskaya oblasts. DISTRIBUTION I I Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 However, the paper cuntir,ued, the number of row units rut into operation still lags behind the plan. By the end of 1953, 216 new units were scheduled to be leased by the administration, including 110 stores, 47 dining rooms, vegetable storehouses, and cold-storage places. However, by September 1953, only 90 of the 246 units were ready to be put into operation. The paper also complained that in some stores and dining rooms many mal- practices, such as embezzlement of goods, short measuring, and short weighing, were still in existence.(2) According to another Izvestiva article, in addition to the 312 billion rubles' worth originally allocat d, wh of oobes, put on sale in the USSR in April-December 1953 oated were to be The newspaper also stated that there has 'r,cen a sharp increase ir; the quantities of Limber, cement, iron, nails, slate, roofing tile, motor gasoline and other petroleum products, and coal available far sale. Sales of automo- biles, motorcycles, bicy-ales, diesel motors, loromobiles, electric motors, radio receivers, and sewing machines also increased. In September 1953, consumers cooperatives in the USSR included over 259,000 trading enterprises. In 1954, capital investment in the construction of stores and shops was expected to increase more than threefold over 1953, while expenditures for the construction of bases an.d warehouses were to be almost doubin.d The article stated that many rayons and rural areas lacked enough stores. In ShklovskiY Ite, nn of Mogilevska.,a Oblast, for example, there were 90 trading enterprises before the war; in September 1953, there Gere onl:' 70. The organization of cooperative trade was also very poor, the article continued. andmtradingehoursgwere notiadhered goods o Trade the sstwas ill nfailed provided for, analyze consumer demands; there were surplus deliveries of goods in some rayons and insufficient deliveries in others.(3) Moscow According '.o Mo;eovska.;a Pravda of September 1953, more and more consumer goods were appe;,;y ` in Moscow stores. Silk and cotton fabrics of various shades, textile and Leather footwear of many st::lea, top-quality ready_to-wear clothing, and man,; other products were being ;R'ods-ed by industry in an ever increasing volum?,. The article u!so sealed that in the second nuarter 1953, as compared with the same Period in 1952, sales of woolen fabrics increased 13.2 percent, silk fabrics, 21 percent, sewn goods, 43.7 percent, and leather footwear, cent.(4) 13.3 per- In another September, 1953 article, Moskovskaya Pravda reported that there were 30 kolkhoz markets in Moscow, which could accommodate 15,000 people at one time, as compared with 7,700 people in 1940. The markets were equipped with approximately 13,100 scales (compared with 3,000 in 1940) and employed over 1,400 persons. The division for the organization of kolkhoz trade in the Moscow Market Administration had concluded 1,971 agreements for the delivery, of 152,000 tons of various products; 1,471 of these agreements were with kolkhozes of Moskovskaya Oblast and 500 with kolkhozes of other oblasts. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 C0Nr?IDExTL;1. According to the same article, 218 milk-collecting points and 14 for the collection of 9 points potatoes and v t ege ables have been established in the rayons of Moskoveka ya Oblast. In the first half of 1953, the milk-collecting points delivered 3,627 tons of milk to Moscow, while the produce-collecting points delivered 6,530 tons of various produce. The delivery of a varied assortment of agricultural products to kolkhoz markets was continually in- creasing. In 1952, 381,250 tons were delivered, as compared with 148,745 tons in 1940. According to the plan for 1953, over 400,000 tons of various agricultural products were to be delivered to the markets. However, the article continued, not one market had an adequate vegetable storehouse. Vegetables and fruit were stored overnight either in unsuitable shelters or outdoors. The article stated that only 28 to 30 percent of all goods brought to market were delivered under an organized plan. The market administration, while entering into agreements with kolkhozes, often failed to abide by the rules of these agreements, e.g., by not furnishing transport, facilities to kolkhozes for the delivery of produce.(5) According to '/echernyaca Moskve of September 1953, the Ministr3 of Trade USSR was organizing two specialized trading centers in Moscow and Leningrad, the "Moscow Fish Products Trading Center" and the "Leningrad Fish Products Trading Center." Twenty of the Gluveybtorq (Main Administration of Fish Sales) stores were being transferred to the "Moscow Fish Products Trading Center." Capital repair and re-equipment of these stores were to be under- taken. The organization of these specialized trade centers was to be com- pleted by 15 November 1953.(6) Leningrad Leningradska.,"a Pravda reported on 3 September 1953 that 400,000 more rubles' worth of food and manufactured goods were sold in Leningrad in the first half of 1953 than in the same period of 1952. Many new, well equipped stores were opened. New specialized trade organizations for the sale of bakery products, milk, vegetables, clothing, footwear, and textiles were also created. However, the work of many trade ,rguni4ations far from an- swered consumer dcrnnds the paper continued . Many trade organisations failed to mt-'et the commodity turnover plan, and one organi:ation did not even equal last year's performance. Many trade organizations, disregarding conr?,mer domandc were satisfied with a limited assortment and low quality of goods, showed no initiative in exploiting loyal resources for the expansion of commodity turnover, and were not giving good service to the consumer. The newspaper criticized the city market odministrat.icn for z.ot ,ziving enough attention to the problems of construction, planning, and organization of markets, and to the creation of proper trading conditions for the kolkhoz farmers who come to the markets.(7) Another article in l.eningradskuy i^ravdn criticized th? entices of the "Lenpiodovoshch'torg" (Leningrad Fruit and Vegetable Trading Organization) for failing to conduct timely and accurate processing of vegetables. For example, In August 1953, Vegetable Combine No 2 received many cases of cab- bage and potatoes and stacked them in the open, although storage facilities were available. As a result, the produce was spoiled. Spoilage also ex- isted in warehouses, where vegetables lay unsorted for weeks. Practically all combines were short of workers, and the majority of those on hand were occupied with loading and unloading of vegetables. Only 20 percent of the loading and unloading work was mechanized at Combine No 2. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 The same new;paper also reported that by September 1953, 48 bakeries had already been re-equipped in Leningrad and 26 bakeries were to undergo repairs [during 19531? Sanitary conditi ons in bread-baking and bakery enterprises were improving. Refrigerators were installed in the confectionery departments of 28 stores. The "Lenkhlebtorg" (Leningrad Trading Organization for the Sale of Bread) had more than 40o stores in operation.(8) According to Scvetskaya Moldavia of 30 September 1953, over 150 new food and vegetable story have been opened in Leningrad in the first 9 months of 1953. By the end of 1953, 30 edditional trading enterprises were expected to be opened (0) Leningra?irka;a Pravda of 9 September 1953 food and mr:rntecture9-goois stores, tents, and bakeries hserved rthemworkers 0of Nevskiy Ra,.on, and that the network of trade enterprises was still expanding.(10) Other RSFSR C1t.ies and Obias is Prai-h re-pint.ed that in the first 7 months of 1953 the inhabitants of the rural area arcur.d ,hvi,aibirsk had acquired, through consumers cooperatives, large numbers of pianos, more than 200 motorcycles, over 6,000 bicycles, 1,500 radio receivers, e}hout sewing machines, and over 40,000 watches. Almost ten miiiinn rul,Ies' wort:: of silk fabrics have also been sold. r"'?'' if, ,n::t:u-tion materials and household goods was also expanding, the ar'o' l' -, t?;d ?ing the first 7 months of 1953, 2 1,2 times more iron, wire, napi: and :at.. a ve been sold than during the same period of 1952. Kolkhozes a i r , 1 7,0 t. ucks and 7 passenger cars through the consumers cooper,it A-cord_ng tn, es'a.;a u; 5 September 1953, crosum-rs cooperatives of Kirovska ;r: m! l l ion rubles' worth more s months of ta, use period go ha in the find 7 in sales of 1952. There had d been an .ncrease :lothinf,, leather footwear, sewing machines, radios, anti bic~... i?,h- -e. -,nnnl,t r.,.,,- ,.1 -- - - is same rvrPe," stated that in Smolenskayu Oblast the demand for c and the commodity turnover of state and cooperative trade w?r?. .p ;..:a th'? lust few months before September 19531, 20 new ,-.. in .rice and villa 7co of the oblas,..(12) artic-lr ]r; IcvestiSs, Clout 250 L'ut lti~i r ~ new storer, more of ?.lininil rooms were opened in 1(olotovska}ai oblast in 195,-' N... ., i . ,.; :,umber of trade enter prises was the dicta abut.,.? I still inadequate and ? Tne.-^ short.-wrings were especially acute in timber- process;rr +.usi :?I,*:,! r?.?,;', The inhabitants of many populated areas were r,l? f e t 1 r ; , ere not 1 ,-or.r,:rer goods in their Immediate vicinity. Th, t " :,t?i that ores werr not bcim? built quickly enough pn ne '" rmrnt;; Alth il,li the Workers' Suppl Administration of the 'tlcir);'..,: to tui11 150 new stores in 1952, it built. oni?; 5 i S,irrl .; V-,, L']-'; were piled up at warehouses and bases because of the unsatisf.u t a r o:c?;:r,i:?aticn of trade, the article continued. The Aleksandrov Trading 0rr,arrc:+rinn received enough soap to last 19 years, enough perfume to last 6 Vicar:, and enough china and porcelain goods to last 5 years; yet soar and other essential gcods have not been available in stores of Shchuch'ye- Ozerskiy Rayon for .cme time. Supply bases were often well stocked with gro- cery products, chile stores lacked a minimum assortment of these items.(13) Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA- A.ccordinr to Z;ovetskava Kirgizi^a, kolkho_ s in Stavropo.l'skiy Kray, RSFSR, were excandirg their sales of agricultural surpluses to consumers cooperatives. From the beginning of 1953, the sale of various products to consumers cooperatives was twice as great as in the same period of 1952. The sale of meat was 2.5 times that of the corresponding period of 1952, the sale of butter and honey was doubled, and the sale of fruit increased sixfold. Consumers cooperatives in turn have considerably expanded their trade in manufactured goods?(14) Fo Accordin:; to ovetskavu Litva of 1 September 1953, lar?e shipments of goods to Petroi:aviovsk on the Kamchatka Peninsula have been delivered by ship in 1953. The star,-s of Kamchatka were receiving high-quality footgear, ready- ar clothing, silk and woolen fabrics, bicycles, otorcycles, radios, and food products from Moscow, Leningrad, Kiev, -nd other cities of the country. Inv the firs .( month- of 1953, more than 6- ' n million rubles' worth of goods d to workers of the oblast ?.most as mu-i:,__. in the first 9 months of 1~??,t15) According to i'ravda of 2 September 1953, 235 koikhos markets were oper- ating in cities, r.: yon centers a S., R. In the month of ^ ~.r' ,?ust 1.953 nd ?.:or}:crs' settlements of the rian ;,!one, more than 12 million ruble-' worth 1nultur::, prod;-- was sold to the city population through l:o' S z mar- to Minsk m^:rkets from r7 kolkhozes. This wesoalmostrtenttimes more thanvthed average drily deiive:'y in August 1952.(16) Ascordin,, to an ru?ticle in Sovetsk+:ya Estoniya, over 2 million rubles have been spent in the postwar years on the construction of trade enterprises in Minsk. In th. last two years 11952-1953;, 60 stores have been set up in newly constrw-t.l residential dwellings. Tens of trade enterprises were to be opened in 1'. The network of specialized stores in Kiosk was also ex- paniing.(:7) However r t.i; rtirle in Mil-SR k ??_rc'' , r..,,; i,cost serious ortrominns. T,?ns? of trade enter- prisers and not fulfilling, the cc!r,^odity turnover plan. A number of stare ::::!r:o:?c?_ .and directors of tr-dino; or;.e:niz-ntions tolerated irregular dali?n.r of -. s- s to store-, which le,] to di::rupi:ionr in trade. In tile so..ant a:rte! nck trndtp' izr ti t~ ^..c their stocks of _ottcn ?:tri silk, ':nuctl nrolu'1,' ing (Ir-anizrti.-n)? f',)!. .,;:ample, fared nlrl;to: (oresd Trad- fu'.fill it: corr.,odity turnover plan by more t.h!:n c!, rubles. Ina :u:vey of hundreds of stores, infractions of Soviet tr.,](, r.:les were observe] in half of them.(13) Acrording; to Brother article in Covetnkn"a Belornc;i_y;^, over 20C; million rubles ;lave been :;Pnt in the last. 3 -/ear,on the ccnstr;rcti.on and organiza- tion of trade ertc,rprisee: of the fleloruc:si: n SSR. In l''53, 88 million rubles have been allocated for that purpose. Thu: quantity of roods going on sale in the stores his, .1 -) 1;c increasln5'. In :,;53, over 3r , oil_ lion rubles' worth of additional food and manufactured products were allocsted to the republic. The article also stated that the Ministry of Trade did not meet the com- modity turnover plan as a whole for the first half of 1953, and also failed to meet the capital construction plan both for 1952 and for the first 7 months of 1953, thus disrupting the schedule for the opening of specialized footwear, clothing, and other stores.(19) Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 According to a September issue of Pravda U.rainy, the trade network serv- ing the rail workers of the Southwest Railroad System was being enlarged. At the Kiev Locomotive Terminal imeni Andreyev, a large manufactured goods store with departments for ready-to-wear clothing, footwear, fabrics, and knitwear has been opened. Trade has also begun in the well equipped food store for rail workers at Chol:olovka. Hew tr_dir:g enterprises were also being opened on the line, the article continued. A food store for the workers of the Cherni ovsk Terminal has been out into eot'vice. The equipping of a manufactured roods store and a food store for rail worker.; of Belay7; Tserkov' in Marinovkr was being completed, and a food store for w.aorkerz of the Korosten' Terminal was being constructed. In addition, c0 l'ergo ?iepartn.?nt store wan to be opened in Darnitsa. Altogether 12 store., dlnir;? rooms, :.:7d 2 bakeries were to be opened in 1953 on the J~,,thae::*, Rr.Liaced " ?stca,. Four more railway-err stores have been equipped to travel __on;? the iir:e.(''.)) Accorrinr, t,j ?..a item In Ve,hernya?ra 1!osb:va, new rural stores were being opened in mOnp r ?s of r;l.::r'kovskaya Oblast. Twenty-four new rural stores have beiun operr:t!one in the first -1 months 01' 1953. Since the start of 1953, conmodity turno';er in the rural n.rtwork has inareaced 23.3 percent.(21) An rt.irlc :r? Turkmenskayt. Isi:ra stated that there were 973 stores and 419 larder warenonsa's trading in construction materials in rural areas and yon of the 'Prr%;nion ;SR. Twenty of the stores and lumber ware- houses woo operc,d i .ring the first 7 nontits of 1953. In Kiyevskrva Oblast alone, over 20 :t.ur:: end ? lumber warehouses were selling construction materials to k;lkhc:: ...rtner..(22) Asccn?dint t:> HoT,scrol'ska;ra la'uvdu of 12 September 1953, more than 150 large .tore: t, one lion in Dneprotetrovsk, Krivoy Rog, and and ., node: r .. ::tore with sit ,et;,"tmertt:1 were also opened in n.?prtnea..';.. a-cuf,: t?tred rotels ..tore be-c.n operations in Inepr0dze:?,:};i:: ., . :.1,.?csaIlzed stores c1' "U:rodezi:da" (Ukrainian Trade aniz::' 1- a of, 2lot hl.n ) ware q:, red in l ivoy Hop and Hikopol B; the curl of trading enterprise:: .ore to be put into operation s;c,3n en 1 Iepteml-e" itd th:.t, in 1)52 more then ;,0 tor. .n. t i Inihlt ;tenter?rie opened in cities and villages of tl,'; ' ._ ..:inir.n 0S2. In the first half eel' 1953, the trade network of tlle in reared by core than unite. However, the 1952 plan for -(,nstre lien of dining rooms wes not _omoleted, and the 1951 plan was not heinu :1:pu:t~:ly i'ulfilied. In the first, half of 1953, local trading o:?;a:nlznt.i~:nn a:r:l trusts oorned only :a7 of 1'dh dining rooms planned for 1953?(24) In later r=rt i , i`:?avdr: iikr_:iny pre.;cnteI .. 1-view of letters from :or}, . One write:, the 1c_ck of corks for thorn,oo hot.tle, :train? that it possible fo get a new cork only by buying a new therr;o! bottl':. residents of Chernevo Village of Shalyginskiy Rayon, Sumskaya -omplained about the short supply of batteries for radio re-'civet's. A letter from Icu,ail complained about the lack of children's suits, trouse:?'s, and cots (25) Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 In another September 1953 article, Pravda Ukrainy reported that commodity turnover in Stalinskaya Oblast has increased 20 percent as compared with 1952. Several stores have been opened in Gorlovka and by the end of 1953, 13 new stores dealing in Jewelry, furniture, electrical appliances, and food were to be opened. More than 40 new stores were opened in Zhdanov. By September, there were over 5,300 stores and approximately 3,000 public eating establish- ments in the oblast and, by the end of 1953, approximately 300 more stores and dining rooms were to be put into operation. Sales in the following consumer goods have increased considerably: meat, sausage products, milk, clothing, footwear, knitwear, and silk.(26) In a 24 September article, Izvesti reported that Khar'kov had 943 general shops, 90 tailoring shops, 1,1 2 food and manufactured goods stores, and over 1,000 stalls. A network of stores specializing in dietetic, meat, dairy, and other products has also been created.(27) Lithuanian SSR According to Sovetskaya Litva of 8 September 1953, the trade network in the Lithuanian SSR was undergoing a general expansion. The number of spe- cialized stores selling clothing, footwear, and cultural products was being increased. In rural localities, consumer cooperative stores as well as rayon and rural stores were to sell more textiles, footwear, sewing machines, and knitted fabrics. In the fourth quarter 1953, the government has Increased allocations of manufactured goods for consumers cooperatives by 50 percent. Consumers :ooperatives )ere to receive an additional 3,800,000 rubles' worth of wool fabrics, and an additional 1.5 million rubles' worth of silk and other manufactured goods. The sale of food and manufactured goods in state trade was also increasing greatly. However, the article stated that many trading organizations of the re- public were not serving the consumer adequately. Sales personnel failed to observe store hours and were rude to customers. The fixed assortment minimum for goods was not adhered to, and suburban stores had shortages of essential commodities.(28) In another September 1953 article, Sovetskaya Litva reported that 10 million rubles' worth of goods were being sold in the Vil'nyun, department store every month. This figure was over a million rubles more than in any month of 1952. However, deficiencies in the assortment and quality of goods, particularly sewn goods and footwear, were still in existence.(29) Finally, Sovetskaya Litva of 11 September 1953 announced that in the fourth quarter 1953 the trade network of the Ministry of Trade Lithuanian SSR was to sell certain commodities over and above regular allocations as follows: 9 million rubles' worth of silk fabrics, 14.5 million rubles' worth of ready-to-wear clothing, and more than one million rubles' worth of new-style footwear. In the second half of 1953, several thousand radio receivers, thousands of wrist watches, tens of Pobeda and Moskvich passenger cars, many sewing machines, and a large quantity of construction materials were also to go on sale in addition to the regular allocations. In addition, in the second half of 1953, 98 percent more meat, 40 percent more fish, 42 percent more sausage products, 125 percent more vegetable oil, and 37 percent more sugar were to be sold than during the same period of 1952.(30) Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 Estonian SSR In an article of 19 September 1953, Sovetskaya Estoniaa reported that the volume of retail trade in the Estonian 8$R in the second quarter 1953 increased 23 percent over the same period of 1952. In the first 8 moths of 1953, 30 percent more goods were sold in the manufactured goods stoles of Kokhtla-Yarve than in the same period of 1952. The inhabitants of Kokhtla-Yarve acquired over 4 million rubles' worth of cotton and silk fabrics alone. However, the article continued, serious shortcomings and disruptions is trade still existed. Goods often could not be found in the stores even when they were available at the warehouses and bases, and essential commodities such as laundry soap, salt, and baking soda were not always on sale.(31) Karelo-Finnish SSR According to Leninakoye Znamya of 1 September 1953, the number of trade enterprises in Petrozavodsk has increased from 375 in 1950 to 1180 in 1953. In the first half of 1953, compared with the same period in 1952, commodity turnover increased by 16 million rubles. The sale of basic food and manu- factured goods, such as sugar, fate, hosiery, silk fabrics, leather footwear, etc., increased considerably. The demand for durable goods also increased sharply. In the first 6 months of 1953, compared with the same period of 1952, sales increased as follows: bicycles, 550 percent; radios, 150 psleeet) accordions, 340 percent; motorcycles, 60 percent; and metal beds, 180 percent.(3 In another article, Leninakoye Znamya declared that the wholesale base of the Karelo-Finnish Consumers Union was increasing its deliveries of samefao. tured goods to various rayons of the republic. In 1953, the value of bieyoles, phonographs, and photographic equipment consigned to rayons was hundreds of thousands of rubles above that of 1952. The article also stated that the demand for textile goods was growing. The "Tekstil'sbyt" [Administration for the Sale of Textiles?) base sold 97,461,000 rubles' worth of woolen, silk, and cotton fabrics in the first 8 months of 1953?(33) Leninskoye Znamya also criticized a number of stores for failing regu- larly to meet the commodity turnover plan. For example, in one of the "Pishchetorg" stores in July [1953), such items as sugar, barley products, macaroni, nonalcoholic beverages, and many other everyday products were not on sale. The network of public dining enterprises was also inadequate? the article complained. In many public dining rooms and snack bars, the menu was very limited and the quality of food was low. Some public dining enterprises eper. ated under difficult conditions. For example, in one restaurant the whole pro- cess of food preparation was done manually; special equipment vas not used for lack of space. In 1953, only two new dining rooms were to be put into earw vice.(32) In still another article, Leninskoye Znam declared that operations of wholesale warehouses were still poorly organ and resulted in a frequent pile up of nonmoving goods. For example, on 1 July 1953, the ORS (Workers? Supply Division) of the "Pitkyaranta" Cellulose Plant had accumulated the following large surpluses for which there was little popular demands 450,000 rubles' worth of cotton fabrics, 200,000 rubles' worth of leather footwear, 100,000 rubles' worth of rubber footwear, and 57,000 rubles' worth of other' goods. At the same time, goods which were in constant demand, such as skit. lets, washboards, scissors, electric coils, electric cords, aluminum forks and spoons, etc., were not on sale.(34) Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 ,ld stores ng to :, d equipped 'eptember 1953 is:cua o r:i? ? , rlininr3 rooms, and cafewere `,zing c e ( in first 8 months of 1)53, ,,26 state and co, operat.i?:,, : tcrec :lint foc", a manufactured goods have been put; into operation in 7i ?.;`) t_,tvinn ; : ii nova: tn:r .aced run: rr , ... the Puic?r continued h- ::uiaer:. -?c.,r,(:rat .,r.. , .., ,. oS ^rade holdw:,l',n SS^ have :.n'. ] in -to-o c."! _onridc:?;bly cvr t: ? -- rocsro:lit,. on^Er ; 951. f;[tai]. tar ^o1dovian 6SR [nc c.rticlc: .f r ype:, ,r trot,, et cru' ;alt, ]anl t " tz>dc net.or!: f , .r? nl tr: rehr,u: (:,C1 , e_^ s:h i.:.. (. ?ii:: h.'e at F'.. r t , .. .:cumulated at rr t. .. I 'o:~c.o lttie for 'r :t ri , , _. ~j ~., -_u s. rr( on*.ri:,ed n nur r ?r 1 -??` -' " r o: i,ti +rn'iinr, ent ur i:, i.r v a: t one rrr;on c'.ep r?,..;t : t ot.he r dri rtr,:? n( rr rpc: ial sous n r .tot' aoa Yntr,.ion ', t;.:roon, end r .^]'. ?1~:~e( t,.. .n_, ?i.37) c `icrl. Tr;,,lc? or r,i.::,:tip - r. ~- ... ( n . ni,j?l.ying the ci ?': c t i. , to, i : r J'1 Ct,:?t)1F_b, pot:-t :, i,,. .^,onc?u 'met 0703L n C 1(,. jl Lt:- training 00]ortion, pl .,.em_nt Fact Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 ? In an 18 September article Kommunist reported that a new rural store, the 55th to date, has been opened in A stores, it carries a wide assortment of silk,Awoolen, and cotton fabri s,l footwear, knitwear, ready-to-wear clothing, and food products. The article stated that the network of stores in the republic was con. tinually increasing. Twenty-two new rural stores were to he opened in Vedinskiy, Shaumyanskiy, Gorisskiy, and Idzhevanskiy rayons, and rural stores were to be opened in Azizbekovskiy, Akhtinskiy, and Basargecharskiy rayons.(39) Kommunist reported that the population of cities and rural areas of the Armenian SSR was exhibiting an ever greater demand for everyday electrical appliances and products. According to the article, Special Store No 1 of the Main Administration for the Sale of Electrical Industry Froducts in Yerevan had 320 to 370 different types of electrical products on sale. New items such as electric floor polishers, record players, ;havers, and combination tea kettles and samovars were quickly bought up. The store fulfilled the com- modity turnover plan 115 percent in the first half of 1953. The newspaper complained that republic industry was not producing enough of the electrical products sold in the Armenian SSR. Most of the goods were obtained from Leningrad, Moscow, Saratov, Kiev, and Riga. Consumers also complained justifiably about the quality of products, particularly washing machines and refrigerators.(4o) Georgian SSH Vechernyaya Moskva reported on 3 September 1953 that a new footwear store of the Gruzobuv'tor(Georgian Footwear Trading Organization) and a new Gruzodezhda" (Georgian Clothing Trading organization) store have been put into operation in Tbilisi. In the first 8 months of 1953, over 70 stores, stalls, and pavilions hove been opened in Tbilisi. Half of them are located in outlying districts.(21) Zarya Vostoka of 6 September 1953 also mentioned the opening of several new trading organisations in Tbilisi -- the Tbilisi "Tekstil'torg" (Trade Organization for the Sale of Textiles), which has been organized to sell tex- tile products and which took over four "Tbilpromtorg" (19rilisi Manufactured Goods Trading Organization) stores, and two other specialized textile stores. Branch stores of new trading organizations were also being opened in Sukhumi, Batumi, and Kutaisi.(41) According to another September article in o,,;ry.;` 'locto::a, the retail trade network in Batumi, Georgian SSR, acquired three new delicatessen and grocery stores, and a children's store since the beginninc: of 1953. Two more special- ized stores, a dishware, furniture, and cultural-goods store, and a bakery were opened in the beginninF, of September 1953. Two "Gruzodezhda" and one "Gruzobuv"' stores were being put into operation. The new stores were artistically decorated and furnished with the latest equip- ment.(42) Azerbaydzhan SSR According to Bakinskiv Rabochiv of 6 September 1953, 19 million rubles' worth of food and manufactured commodities were sold in the villages of Tauzskiy Rayon, Azerbaydzhan SSR, during the first 7 months of 1953, includ- ing 7.5 million rubles' worth of cotton fabrics, 2.5 million rubles' worth of sugar and confectionery products, furniture, beds, and various other products. A new dining room for workers of the Tauz Cement Plant was put into operation. Construction of a large store for the sale of manufactured and food commodities was also near completion in Tauz City.(43) Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 In another September article, Ba,;inckiy Raboclhi reported that workers of the Azerhnydzhan petroleum rayons -;ere orquirin: more nd rsore mamafa-tured commodities, including furniture, motorcycier, bd ycL.r:, refrigerators, radio receivers, etc. As of September 1953, more than 292 :tore,- in the petroleum rayons dealt in manufactured goods; 55 were speciuilzcd, selling footwear, ready-to-wear clothing, furniture, and cultural :n ic. :, 25 new spe- cialized stores were put into operation in Kirovsidy, E? leumyr.novskiy, Stalin- skiy, Kishlinskiy, and other Baku rayon2.(L4) ,cording to Fozo Lrtanskay: ;'rnvda of l.t ?:-?r i5 3. 11 percent more fabric:, 26 percent. more sewn good:;, end 27 :,vr-:eni -;ore knitted products were sold in Kazakhstan in the firs!, rtes 1 n ..:c first quarter 1952. Sales of food, radio receiver;, is-h,s, bi ,'.e ..?_ni1.:r', and other goods have greatly increscd. In the re-ond half of _. _o-;.p:rred with the second half of 1952, the -File of meat was t "n -:ruse i.1. correct, butter, 46.3 percent, sugar, 3'?r percent, and sauc^_,-c [re^llr??.c, 23 percent. During the f rrt. half of 1753, 32'' tees: ..- pond enterprises vr:?c opened in the republic, t %.a article c_tate,i. 'M!E network of :.pecinlizod stor,,r has Frown. However, the raper en plea^ed, mans tro_ic o auctions were legging behind in plan ful Cil itrent, c?ricf lv bemuse of an unmaisfartory or Frniz ation of trade. :;nn,; iiiinor of rest,... ;..h r.r n piled u,, in bases and stores, rand larcc nnounts of ;;cods?rere 'jetnirr?1 at. 1 ni.ribution Ices .(f 5) In another ileptetber 1953 article, Knzakhst?:nsknrn Pravda reported that during ? 1/2 ;;ears of the Fifth Five-Ya_ ar Plr:nrc?re th--, 3; new stores :.:ere put into operation in villugec of ':>rthern Kazakhstan. New buildings for housewares and cultural-goods stores sere hein(; constructed in rayon center, of Severo-Kazakhstansknya Oblast. According to the article, sine the le:,ienirg of 1953, kolkhoz '.n-keys, mechanization pc'I'll iets, and the rural ntc1lir.,cntria have hcur?,ht 6 million more rubles' worth of manufactured and food -ormodities the.; in the ramp period of 1952. 2a1cr o, aes rye ou':led, 5 -es of 'eathee and rubber footwear in ears>rdV5'i par-ant, :nd sal' of ....its, overcoats %iresaes, and other se-,n ,r,roclr ._ ir.cre,,::cl !'y ne rut.l.ion r:'~'ec, co^^ore,l .:1 t1: the correepondin acrio'. Kir fiz S Sovctcka ;C r 1 i?n o:' 1 an,; ct .:. dining rooms, bakeries, ...,,i vr,, r :r)?.... i:. in industry enterprises. Another rrticlc In ^ i . ,. a we ....:n.?.. ? cured Foods store or..:ncd r !-Et dr r.: .,? l ,. _IC ,?:: ,.. _. .,. ..:. ,. operation, it sold over .?olcn, ..ilk, and -,,ttcn fabrics, overcoats, ran 'a. women':, :n3 :hLJ1:cr, :ult.::, knitwear, fnotwer.r, and other goods. In the first ' rrnnths of 1953, now stores, lining rooms, and tc,ircom.,., have been opened in th?' -1ties and vi llagea of K0!;:urlu, and by the e:rl cf just as many more were to be put into operation. The construction of . n kolhthoz market in the rapi!.`1. of the rcluhlic was r;lnc begun.(47) Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 Curr?i In another Septenbe. that to correct the 1'~s; issue of oret.,L s serious ho t + ed consumers cooperatives have pprox approximately 10 million ruble- on the con- struction rayons, warehouses since the beginning oC 19 i3, In sev- eral new rayon department stores, several rural dcp^rt:rent stores, and a number of tearooms and warehouses were to be constructed. According to the article, direct procurement i:as been vlrielL: expanded by consumers cooperatives. The personal material i.nterest of !.;1,, d:olithozes and h1Y.hoz farmers in greeter prods-tion of pot::toes and orbs' rcgetables and in expansion of livestock breedinr has beer incrc::sir:;, td, :: eby :,r:.lir,S to increased deliveries of agricultural product. to the consur.::?rs tires. Consumers cooperatives have already began to trade in 3e: ]on r: i,ra::i pre,.; rem of potatoes, ve;;eta'c ec, and fruits on r. corras::ion bncis. lkhores have the rir;ht to turn rot-t:-.?e' over to the earn:.or c:,-.aaaii,c c;r?:,:acraions on a commission hacia ::_t.,r obligatory delier'ies to the filled and been ful- ful- grnin stock r...,umulate3. khozes uft Veret%: Ios -an be 4.11::1(" b;; kol- e: fulfillment of their monthly de"_ive??, plane, to t!:c r*.:tc?, whether or not the procurement; plan for the rayon ,. wh?le l:a:; been fuliillri. The article stated further that, as ;.n r.dditionai i7,?cntivc, ;onr.urr_rc cooperatives were now permitted to sell' to a k electric. motors, o1k'.:oz lumber, roofing and section iron lOte, n .d 1 nertlfn t1(.r : , ? ether. F ds o:? :.;ri Rural or d.o:c,:ho!d se to fire -tae of a;ricultural products bought by :, consumers c:oonerr.tlre'from the particular kolkho:. In addition, koll:hozes :.rhieh cell res Irier:blc r?,u'.nti- ties of meet and milk receive supplemcnt^_ry :ash :,aym,nts. Kolkhozes ,hich enter into such agreements are advanced 30 of ile ,.b,.;,. the products each quarter. This practice is~bein,; expanded to include in- dividual dividual suppliers who have fulfilled their obligations to the rtate and wish to turn over liveutoc!: products to consumer:; cooperatives in conformity with the system of state purchases .(1t3) Sovetska??a Kir.i:i? reported that the ~?a?.mo~. lty rr. . f t,rc,!c ente:-prises t,'cl?:c of ]15't a Obl t .^ rc nt;. I n + first hat' , consumer ieratives sold 2,,_',11', rub r ' ;n ti ,.crc ,, cra than in the same period of '552- Gcve:al n:ra. .to:?^:; cud r.tbn" entr?:?;:rieea arc now beint; onctr,, t?.d l:r ,ar'iouc rr.;;oss. Ore-' ore ^; -r a i i r , ?rove been t: ;ro ri.- to d a + c such ,natru .. t ton ;u fife nion of consumers e :?st ,Ilya) Tadzhik SSR A :eat mbar 1 ' : t i t l e in Pravda s' t . that the ? Si rural to-ali its u he in 4 r: or ratty i seers in 1,' large rural stores h--?e a1re-dy be n carne" 3 :c) rc e built. large department store her h eon oi::ed In the ce:a cr 1(i' Nuy: y- shevskiy Rayon. New depart. :; rat stores .n?. ;ura to be opeao:i coon in Koktachskiy, Or3zhoni'r, dsc:zbudski , Toklrr'.Ln:kiy, and other ?crs.(5') In the 15 September is;cuc, Kommunist Tadzhikistan, reported that the Tadzhik SSR hod been nllo--tted 77 ?million curia ~ocds for 199'4. In 19'3i rerr-ant mere meat, 31 percent :;ore fish rroducts 594 percent molt animal fats, ?9.1 percent more confectionery product:, 18.1 nor- cent more augur, 72.2 pcrcer:t more cheese, 3nIc-r:?,.t.more vct td'I oil, ar,! 117? percent more dairy products were to be sold in the republic than an i95v. me sale of manufactured goods, including motor--y-:le.?, automobiles, rod to re-eivr ra, home refrigerators, and electrical heating devian, was also in--en'In; ,??c.tly. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 M Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 In 1953, the ltinictry of Trade established sevo:::1 .feces :.!ei staff" for the sale of vegetables. The Stalinabad Food Tr?.din vegetable stores in August.(51) In another September 1953 article, Kommuniet Tadchikist_:n:i reported that state, cooperative, and kolkhoz trade was undergoing Fr?rl Tadzhik SSR. In the second half of 1953, ^th repn in the food population icn o?ythclrepcbllcswasIn to receive an additional supply of various the the first 9 months of 1953, 12 new rural stores, 5 ::ner.ia.i:cd textile and foot- weur stores, and 14 specialized household goods :;tor c (,11.rned in rural areas. The article criticized certain aspects of trach_ a follcv::: rc_ny stores failed regularly to meet the commodity turnover plan, ti!: a::.,)!'tmene of goodc was inadequate, prop,.. :sanitary rules were not o; s .rv_d, onsur..c^ demnrds wore ignored. Store; lot ted in the outskirts of be =Lt; .:ere more .oorly supplied with product: f...n those located in the center.(5 j Turkmen SSR ,ccordin,_ to Turkoenol r'cv Iskr of 19 Ser;temb.? a- tionc of the Turkmen SSR acre not fully uti] t!:e r r .cur es for the optimum development of trade. The ,resent trade n:lu.ti; not meetini; the increasr.rl requirements of the consumer. Ashkhab,d n--irl :+ -1:0 ree, ell a;ui,;;:ci ;torec. lxisting warehouses were nc` ncutin,- the recd:c of the trade network. o ff ' inferior quality to the stores.(53) Uzhek S52 The article further complained that suppliers t:_ilc] lsrl to make full deliveries, dill not provide a good assortment , .rd kncxin,;ly sent goods ecutive Committcc in a ?. enl meetinc:, concerning, ti lull: .::nuf,ctured oo,]s tf.r' le -.. the n- dc,,-.deli that Y,erc u w,rrt tit. hart cmings m. outnl:irta. Tire committee outlined prr.ctical measurc. 1'%,: of ,,.rte or Cuo! :.n7 c,c:nufuc:tu;ed goods.(lie) gani:.ationc for scriouc shortcomings. Consumar d,:r:,n?1:. r, l one ,tered, and mistakes .,urn made in the delivery and Ii_tributiou cC .:.. 9or the second half of 1953i the article continued, :iditiunr.l supplies Of Foods, such s meat, butter, vegetable oil, su,7%r, and ci number o" other products, have been set aside for the Uzbek SSR.(55) i'ravda Vostol:a of 9 Se;?,`.,enher 1953 reported ti 'P: cn! Cit?~ So- Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 Later in the month, another Pravda Vostoka article was critical of the work of trading organizations of the Uzbek SSR. Stores of the consumers sewn goods, often failed to carry essential goods and such items as fabrics, , footwear, cultural goods, and other products for which there was great demand. Investigation has shown that bases and warehouses of consumers cooperatives have sufficient quantities of goods, but the planning of the delivery of goods to the stores was still poorly organized. There have been instances when goods set aside for sale to workers and employees have been used for other purposes, such as sale to sovkhozes. The paper also com- plained that short weighing and measuring and overcharging still took place in the stores.(56) SOURCES 1. Moscow, Izvestiya, 9 Sep 53 2. Moscow, Trud, 23 Sep 53 3. Izvestiya, 23 Sep 53 4. Moscow, Moskovskaya Pravda, 5 Sep 53 5. Ibid., 19 Sep 53 6. Moscow, Vechernyaya Moskva, 8 Sep 53 7. Leningrad, Leningradskaya Pravda, 3 Sep 53 8. Ibid., 17 Sep 53 9. Kishinev, Sovetskaya Moldaviya, 30 Sep 53 10. Leningradskaya Pravda, 9 Sep 53 11. Moscow, Pravda, 4 Sep 53 12. Izvestiya, 5 Sep 53 13. Ibid., 8 Sep 53 14. Frunze, Sovetskaya Kirgiziya, 11 Sep 53 15. Vil'nyus, Sovetskaya Litva, 1 Sep 53 16. Pravda, 2 Sep 53 17. Tallin, Sovetskaya Estoniya, 3 Sep 53 18. Minsk, Sovetskaya Belorussiya, 4 Sep 53 19. Ibid., 6 Sep 53 20. Kiev, Pravda Ukrainy, 1 Sep 53 21. Vechernyaya Moskva, 3 Sep 53 22. Ashkhabad, Turkmenskaya Iskra, 24 Sep 53 23. Moscow, Komsomol'skaya Pravda, 12 Sep 53 CONFIDENTIAL Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 24. Pravda Ukrainy, 13 Sep 53 25. Ibid., 18 Sep 53 26. Ibid., 25 Sep 53 27. Izvestiya, 24 Sep 53 28. Sovetskaya Litva, 8 Sep 53 29. Ibid., 10'8ep 53 30. Ibid., 11 Sep 53 31. Sovetskaya Estoniya, 24 Se:, 53 32. Petrozavodsk, Leninskoye n!++a m. 33. Ibid., 16 Sep 53 34. Ibid., 10 Sep 53 35. Riga, Sovetskaya Latviya, 23 Sep 36. Kishinev, Sovetskaya 2?!oLl_.:i1t, i, 37. Ibid., 26 Sep 53 38. Yerevan, Kommunist, 6 Sep 53 39. Ibid., 18 Sep 53 40. Iui,:., 25 Sep 53 41. 43, 44. Tbilisi, Zarya Vortoka, 6 ser v,, Ibid., 11 Sep 53 Baku, Eakinskiy P.abochiy, 6 Ibid., 11 Sep 53 45? rashkcnt, F:a:zakbst:.nsk:rn ^- , l+6. Ibid., 11 Sep 53 47. Frunze, Sovetskaya 49. Ibid., 5 Sep 53 49. I', 10 Sep 53 50. ir::vda, 21 Sep 53 51. Stalinabad, Kommunist Tadzhikistan:, 15 ocp 52. Ibid., 9 Sep 53 53. Turkmenskaya Iskra, 19 Sep 53 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0 ? CONFIDEW'Ii.L 54. Tashkent, Pravda Vostok,-, 9 g(,p 55. Ibid., 10 Sep 53 56. Ibid., 22 SeP 53 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14: CIA-RDP80-00809A000700180406-0