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July 21, 1954
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Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700190268-3 COL'JTRY SUBJECT CLASSIFICATION CONFI_ DENTIgL CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY INFORMATION FROM FOREIGN DOCUMENTS OR RADIO BROADCASTS USSR, Belorussian SSR Economic - Electric power HOW PUBLISHED Daily newspapers, books WHERE PUBLISHED USSR DATE PUBLISHED 1936-27 Apr 1954 ,.. .~ , ,~~ ., .. o.., ~ ". .... ~o.~.,.., :. ,.- -- ... ~..~, o ,.,o. ~~ REPORT CD N0. DATE OF INFORMATION 1,27_152 DATE DIST. a I Jul 1954 N0. OF PAGES 6 SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT N0. THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION ELECTR_ IC_ ptplrg; DEyFyOP~,r IN ECONOMIC REGION II-b USSR [Numb era in parentheses refer to appended sources.] At the outset of the First Five-Year Plan the total capaci+.y of the elec- tric power atatiors in the Belorussian SSR (USSR Economic Region II-b) was 14,400 kilowatts, or 2.7 times the 1913 capacity, and their output duri:.g 1927-ty28 was 37.3 million kilowatt-hours, or 8.9 times the 1913 output. The power stations included municipal stations with a total capacity of 8,300 kilo- wattsand an output of 18.2 million kilowatt-hours, rural stations with a capac- ity of 400 kilowatts and an output of 0.6 million kilowatt-hours, and stations serving industries and transport with a total capacity of 5,700 kilowatts and an output of 18.5 million kilowatt-hours. Zme largest of the municipal electric paver stations were in Minsk (3,020 kilowatts), Gomel' (2,000 kilowatts), Vitebsk ',980 kilowatts), and in Bobruysk (650 kilowatts). The largest industrial power station having two turbogenera- tors with a total capacity of 1,350 kilowatts was in operation at tF.e Dobrush Paper Factory.('1) First Five-Year Plan Belorussian SSR,, walsgcomplet~,ed and putsintogoperationcatltheend ofa1930?inltee output went to the large industrial cities of Vitebsk, Shklov, Orsha, and Mogi- lev through a newly built network of high-voltage transmission lines. A number of industrial electric power stations were constructed to supply power to the newly built or reconstructed large industrial plants. The TETa at the Borisov Match Factory with a capacity ~f 2,000 kilowatts and the TETs at the Bobruysk Lumber Combine with a capacity of 8,500 kilowatts were com- pleted and put into operation in 1929? Anew TETs with a capacity of 3,500 kilowatts xas put into operation at Dobrush Paper Factory in 1931? Mogilev- akaya TETs with a capacity of 5,000 kilowatts, Novo-Belitskaya TETs with 1,000 STATE ARMY NAVY AIR CLASSIFICATION CONFIDEIu~IAL NSRB FBI Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700190268-3 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700190268-3 Y,ilowntts, and a TLZs of 2,500 kilowatts at the Krichev Cement Plc+^.t were into operation in 1932? Also, construction of the Mlnskaya TETs No 2 was started in 1931. Put. S-multaneously with the construction of new power stations, the .:x_sting municipal power stations were enlarged. By the end of the First Five-Year Plan the capacity. of the Minsk Electric Power Station was increased to 5,700 kilo- watts, that of the Gomel' Electric Power Station to 5,000 kilowatts, and that of the Bobr4Ysk Electric Power Station to 1,550 };ilowatts. As n result of these measures the total ca b~? the end of the First Five-Year Pls* had increasedyto 60,000rkil~~atrestations +''? output foi? 1932 was 7.76.7 million kilowatt-hours. able increases, electric and Power capacity was still lagging behindothehincr^asing general industrial ,capacity, causing thereby a shortage of electric power.(1) Second Five-Year Plan In 193}~ the first turbogenerator xith a capacity of 6,000 kilowatts was put into operation at Minskaya TETs No 2. This doubled the electric ouer capacity of 1?finsl;. Electric power stations in Gociel' and Polotsk were enlarged considerabl P generating Y? Anew TES with a capacity of 1,000 );ilowatts was completed in Sluts}; and oti:er power stations were completed in a number of rayon centers. In 1937 the second turbogenerator with a capacity of 2,000 kilowatts was put into operation at the Krichev Cement Plant TETs. Smaller industrial power stations xere put into operation in BobruysY., Rechitsa, and other points. reorganizedrintoeBelenergoupnvlenyer( e].orussinnoPower~Administration . administration was instrumental in the development of the network3ofaelectric Power stations under the , ) This ,jurisdict_on of the government of the Delorussinn SSR. During the Second Five-Year Plan the Northern Power System too}; shape and its capacity increased with the inclusion of the Diogilevsknyn TETs. Furthermore, work was started to enlarge the He1GRES, the backbone of the system. At the end of the Second Five-Yea.. plan 'he total electric in 18 power-generating capacity of t}~e Belorussian SSR increased to x,600 kilowatts, and tY,c output 37 was h30.4 million kilowatt-hours. However, ttie increase in capacity was stilh smaller than the increase in general industrial capacity. The increase in the power output was achieved mainly by utilizin to the utmost all available electric-power generating facilities. Delays in completion of electric power stations during the period resulted in power shortages in a number of industrial centers.(1) Third Five-year Plan To expedite electrification, a long-range plan i'or the development of pest production xas adopted by the government of the Belorussian SSR. The Third Five- Year P:an provided for an increase of 100,000 kilowatts (over 100 percent) in the electric-power-generating capacity, while industrial capacity was to be in- creased only 50 percent. This was a step toward the liquidation of the electric power shortage. In connection with the decision for locating new industries, plans were made for the cYeation of three powerful electric power centers: a northern center including Be1GRES, a southern center? including a regional electric power station to be built in Vasilevicli~i; and~8'~`ljj~ral center including a GRES to be built in Smolevichi. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700190268-3 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700190268-3 ~ Be1GRES No 1 was enlarged during the period, thus increasing considerably the capacity of the Northern Power System. In Minsk the work of installing the second turbogenerator at TETs No 2 was under way durin Year Plan, and the TET th Th g e ird Five- s in Borisov was being enlarged, A number of new elec- tric power stations were under construction in Mozyr', Polotsk, and other cities. was united3witheSaviet BeloxvssiaBelS nceithehlevel8ofbelectricr Polish rule of Belorussia power develop- ment in the newly acquired regions was considerably lower than that in the rest power generatinit became necessary to take immediate measures to increase the g capacity there. The outbreak of the war prevented the completion of .the Third Five-Year Plan? The construction of the electric power stations in Vasilevichi, Smolevichi, and in western Belorussia was stopped at an early stage, The work on enlarging the Mins}mya TETa and Borisovskaya TEPs was also left uncompleted. At the outbreak of the war the total generating capacity in eastern Belo- russia was 20 times the 1913 capacity, and their output was 112 times 1913 out- put. The output by categories expressed in percent was as follows: Stations ~`'~ Output Regional ' ' 30.0 Municipal 37.0 Industrial 30.0 Transport 1.9 Rural 0.6 Others 100.0 In spite of the rapid development or the power-generating capacity during this period, the output was still insufficient;o satisfy the existing demand. An insufficient number of large regional electric nary for most of the industries to depend on relatively smalloand detachedepower stations. This very often led to an interruption of the power supply t ?anse of breakdowns. Electric power output per capita in Polesskaya and Pinskaya oblasts was about one half of the average output for the whole Belorussian SSR, and there was not n single GES of any appreclabl~ size in operation in the republic in spite of the existing rich water resources.(1) War and Immediate Postwar Years Almost s11 electric power stations in the Belorussian SSR were destroyed during the war and after liberation the electric power generating capacity was again at the 1913 level. Beloruseaergo (Delorussian Regional Power Administration) was organized by the Ministry of Electric Power Stations USSR after the liberation of Belorussia to construct large power systems based on large regional electric power stations. In 1945 the Belenergoupravleniye, which had been under Narkomkhoz, Belorussian SSR, was reorganized into Glavenergoupravleniye (Main Power Administration) and placed under the Council of 191nisters Belorussian SSR. This organization was entrusted with the restoration of electric power stations under the ,jurisdiction of the Belorussian SSR. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700190268-3 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700190268-3 ~ The following capacities were restored in 1944 and 1945: Gomel'shays TsES J turbogenerator of 3,~C kw Grodnenskaya TsES 1 turbogenerator of 1,4pp kw Slutskaya TsE5 Capacity increased to 1750 ku Volkovysk Cement Restored completely Plant TsES Borisovskaya TETs 1 turbogenerator O.ld Dobrushskaya 1 turbogenerator TsES The electric power output in 1945 was X2.1 million Y.ilowatt-hours.(1) Fourth Five-Year Plan.. The Fourth Five-Year Plan provided for the restoration of old electric power stations, the building of new electric power stations, and the creation of three large power systems, the building of which was authorized by the pre_ war Five-Year Plan.(1) According to the plan, electric power stations with a total capacity of 243,000 kilowatts were to be restored, small hydroelectric power stations with a total capacity of 16,000 kilowatts were to be built, and the municipal power stations in Gomel', Mozyr', Grodno, and other cities were to be restored. Elec- tric power stations under republic ~ttrisdiction with s total capacity of 47,000 kilowatts, including hydroelectric power stations with a total capacity of 10,000 kilowatts, were to be completed.(2) The n7n~ to `~arease the power-generating capacity to 2.2 times prewar capac- ity and industrial capacity to 116 percent of prewar capacity indicated the trend toward bringing the lagging electric-power-generating capacity in line with the industrial capacity. Althou?s; at the end of 194& total elactric power generating ca (c;ty was 116 percent of prewar capacity, there was still a shortage of power. 1 Among the plants restored or newly built during the plan period were: Minskaya TETs No 2, Be1GRES No 1 imeni Stalin, and electric power stations in Grodno, Mozyr', Gomel', Molodechno, Bobruysk, Brest, Bsranovichi, Slutsk and others. The Minsk Industrial TETs was also completed and the Smolevichskaya GRES,was almost completed. Construction of the Vasilevichskaya GRES uas not completed, nor was the goal fo~? the number of new hydroelectric power stations reached.(3) Tentative plans for the further electrification of the Belorussian SSR after the completion of the Fourth Five-Year Plan provide for an increase in the power generating capacity to approximately 1.5 or 1.A illion kilowatts. This could be achieved by carrying out the following work: Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700190268-3 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700190268-3 Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700190268-3 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700190268-3 c_s output 1944 5.3 (a) 4.2 (a) 82.1 (a) 1946 1945 217.0 (g) 1949 370.0 (h) 1948 124.0 (a) 523.0 (i) 654.0 (b,c) 1952 -- .940.0 (,~) (a) Minslc, Sotsialisticheskoye IJarodnoye Khozyaystvo Belorusskoy SSR 1949ional Economy of Belon:osian SSR), Academy of Sciences Belorussian SSR, (b) Moscow, Zakon o Pyatiletnem Plane Voss:anovleniya i Razvitiye Idarodnogo Khozyaystva SSSR na 1946-1950 Kg;- :(fie Law om the Five-Year Plan for the Restoration and Development of the National Econorgy of the USSR, 101+6-1950) alz, Gospolitizdat, 191+6. (c) Minsk, Sovetskaya Belorussiya, 8 Jul 51: "The Fourth .Five-Year Plan for production of electric power was exceeded." (d) Moscow, SSSR Strana Sotsializma (USSR, Country of Socialism), Gosplan, 1936. (e) Sovetskaya Belorussiya, 19 Jan 51. (f) old'' 7 Aug 5i' ~~1950 output wr 144 pei nt of 1940 output." put.'(8) Ibid., 17 Jan 50: "Planned ,;;put for 1950 was 300 percent of 1946 out- (h) Ibid., No 1;, 50: "Output in 1949 was 141 percent of 191+~ output." (i) Ibid., 30 Jan 51: "Output for 1950 uas 125 percent of 1949 output " (~) Yerevan', Kommunist, 31 Dec 53 'Output in 1952 was almost twice the prewar output." X950 191.9 (e) 1. Minsk, Sotsialisticheskoye Narodnoye Khozyaystvo Helorusskoy SSR (National Econotrq. of Belorussian S:RT, Acadeap? of Sciences Belorussian SsR 1949 2. Moscow, Zakon o Pyatiletnem Plane Vosstanovleriya i Razvitiya Narodnogo Khozyaystva SSR na 1946-1950 se? (The law on the Five-Year Plan for the Restoration and Development of the National Economy of the USSR, 1y46-1950) oclz, Gospolitizdat, 1946 3. Minsk, Sovetskaya Belorussiya, 8 Jul 51 4. Moscow, Pravda, 27 Apr 54 -END - 6 CONFID ~ Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/09/14 :CIA-RDP80-00809A000700190268-3