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December 22, 2016
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September 10, 2009
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February 20, 1953
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Approved For Release 2009/09/10: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA000200400010-4 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY INFORMATION REPORT SECRET/ This Document contains information affecting the Na- tional Defense of the United States, within the mean- ing of Title 18, Sections 793 and 794, of the U.S. Code, as amended. Its transmission or revelation of its contents to or receipt by an unauthorized person is prohibited b law. T e reproduction of this form is prohibited. 25X1 COUNTRY Soviet-Occupied Europe/USSR SUBJECT The Order be Battle of Soviet Ground Forces in Europe and the USSR and the German Volkspolizei .DATE OF INFO. This is UNEVALUATED Information REPORT DATE DISTR. 20 February 1953 NO. OF PAGES 10 REQUIREMENT NO. RD REFERENCES THE SOURCE EVALUATIONS IN THIS REPORT ARE DEFINITIVE. THE APPRAISAL OF CONTENT IS TENTATIVE. (FOR KEY SEE REVERSE) In general, no changes were discernible in the organization and quartering of 25X1 units in East Germany, The program, that terminated in the fall of 1952, increased the personnel strength by about 15,000 additional troops, but this is not considered significant. In previous. years, similar surpluses have gradually been balanced by the repatriation of dischargees.. The departe of trained personnel, which was about one fifth of the total manpower of the GOFG in East Gertnahy, considerably affected the present combat readiness of the Soviet units. This, weakness., however, will to some extent be eliminated by in- tensive garrison training during the-winter months of 1952/1953,, The units, therefore, can again be considered ready for combat after the spring of 1953. QPMNY Order of Battle, re ea a no changes in the general OB in East Germanys 1. Reports received during the period from 1 December 1952 to 1 January 1953 l d The following units in E and dates of observation st Germany, nermanant lnm tion a. GHQ Units of the Groin of Occupation Forces Germany (G(pFG) Unit An,Engr Rpgt 30th Gds Gun Arty Brig 4th AT Arty Brig (US) 3d Gds AT Arty Brig SECRET STATE R ARMY X NAVY X AIR Location Date BERNBURG 19 November POTSDAM 2 November PRORA Area 2 November ROSTOCK 8 November FBI AEC (Not.t Washington Distribution Indicated By "X", Field Di,tribssllasu Rv "#",) g 25X1 7X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2009/09/10: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA000200400010-4 Approved For Release 2009/09/10: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA000200400010-4 SECRET) b. Eighth Guards Army. 65th Gds Mecz Regt 174th Gds Mtz Rifle Regt c. Third Shock Army. 399th (?) RL Regt Hq 19th Gds Meez Div 62d Gds Mecz Regt 63d GdsMecz Regt 10th Gds RL Regt 288th Gds Mtz Rifle Regt 58th Mecz Regt d. First Guards Mechanized,- army. 20th Gds Meez Regt 68th Gds Tank Bn A Motor Trans Bn of the 8th Gds Mecz Div 7th Gds Hv Tank SP Regt A. Tank Tng Bn of the 11th Gds Tank Div e. Second Guards Mechanized Army. 9th Sig Regt 31st AAA Div Hq 1st Mecz Div 19th Mecz Regt 3d Tank Bn of the 37th Mecz Regt 283d (?) Gds How Arty Regt f. Third Guards Mechanized Army. Army Hq 91st Gds RL Regt 91st Tank Regt 616 Mort Regt WEISSENFELS STENDAL MAGDEBURG (?) MAGDEBURG MAGDEBURG' SOHWERIN WISMAR PERLEBERG 8 July 5 December 19 November 26 October 11 October 3 December 17 September 25 November 17 September 24 August LEIPZIG-TAUCHA 29 October DRESDEN 17 September KOENIGSBRUECK(?) 5 September RAVENSBRUECK SCHOENWALDE DOEBERITZ DOEBERITZ 5 September 9 December 25 November 21 November DOEBERITZ DOEBERITZ FORST ZINNA LUCKENWAIDE LUEBBEN LUEBBEN 13 September 28 November 13 September 21 November 13 November 17 November Approved For Release 2009/09/10: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA000200400010-4 Approved For Release 2009/09/10: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA000200400010-4 SECRET/ g, Fourth Guards Mechanized Army. Hq 6th Gds Mecz Div 16th Gds Mecz Regt BAD FREIEN- WALDE 9 November 17th Gds Mecz Regt 35th Gds Mecz Regt. 93d Tank Regt 82d Gds Hv Tank SP Regt~ 676th How Arty Regt 120th (?) AAA Regt 95th Mtrcl Bn 52d Gds RL Bn 22d Gds Engr Bn 33d Gds Sig Bn 34th Tank Eng Bn A ,Motor Trans Bn of the 6th Gds Mecz Div 57th Gds Tank Regt 84th Gds Hv Tank SP Regt A Ode How Arty Regt of the 7th Ode Meoz Div 4E8th 040 Mort Refit 288th Gds AAA Regt Hq 25th Tank Div 111th Tank Regt 162d Tank Regt 53dMtrc1 Bn A Tank Tng Bn of the 25th Tank Div A Motor Trans Bn of the 25th Tank Div Hq 10th Gds Tank Div 63d Gds Tank Regt SECRET EBERSWALDE BERNAU BAD FREIENWALDE EBERSWALDE BERNAU BERNAU BAD FREIENWALDE BERNAU BERNAU BERNAU BERNAU BERNAU FRANKFURT/ Oder FRANKFURT/ Oder FRANKFURT/ Oder AE3MKOW FRANKFURT/ Oder ORANIENBURG ORANIE.NBURG ORANIENBURG ORANIENBURG ORANIENBURG ORANIENBURG BRANDENBURG October 2 December October October 2 December 2 December 27 September 2 December 2 December 2 December 2 December 2 December 25 September 19 September 22 September .27 i ptaPbe September October 2 December 2 December 2 December 2 December 24 November 25X1 25X1 Approved For Release 2009/09/10: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA000200400010-4 Approved For Release 2009/09/10: CIA-RDP80-00810A000200400010-4 25X1 25X1 aburcr i Chaff of arterso 3. The quarters near Feckfitz, west of. Gardelegen, which have been under construction since about the summer of 1952, were apparently occupied by components of the 598th Mtn Rifle Regt of the 207th Mtz Rifle Div from Gardelegen at the beginning of December. It is expected that all elements of the regiment will be transferred to Peckfitz upon completion of installations. No other changes in the quartering of Soviet units became known. TEE,a 4. The training of recruits who arrived in the fall of 1952 had started about mid-November and was continued in December. It was mostly con- ducted inside thet billeting area or in some cases in the immediate vicinity of the post. Detailed information on the-course of training was only sporadically obtained as intensified securiiy measuressintro- duced in the fall rendered obse.rvation.of billeting areas and quarters more difficult. However,, on the basis of individual reports received, it can be concluded that both the methods and intensity of basic train- ing remained the same as in the winter of 1951/1952. There are no indi- cations that new type weapons have been issued. Prsgnnel. 5. The last eastbound shipment of dischargees passed through the Kuestrin border crossing station on 20 November 1952. This shipment completed the ersonnel exchan e pro ram which started in mid-September 1952. 65 trains with recruits arrived, 7.other trains with recruits-are rather definitely believed to have arrived, 57 trains with disehargees were dispatched to the East and 2 trains with dis- cbac?gees are rather definitely believed to have been dispatched to the East. On the assumption that each train carried 1,200 men, it is con- cluded that about 86,000 new recruits arrived and about 71,000 trained soldiers were discharged home. The surplus of about 15,000 soldiers will probably he absorbed through reassignments and detachments to and discharges for sickness from existing units, rather than by- activation of new units. The individual routes of the shuttle trains ko far as they are known were analyzed.l TranSR2 tationo 6. The traffic situation in December 1952 was seriously hampered by bad weather and a shortage of rolling stock, primarily for coal shipments. As the railroad administration was evidently unable to cope with the situation, it was subject to severe criticism by the East German press. 7. Coal stocks predominantly pit coal stocks, decreased further. This caused local difficulties In the coal supply of locomotives in some in- stances. There were only 7.6 days' requirements of coal stocks on S December which is far below the prescribed winter stock of coal of 14 to 16 days' requirements. Traffic through stations on the Oder-Neisse line, and from and to Czecho- slovakia continued at a normal rate, except for minor deviations. Special transportation operations under way included& a. Return from the USSR of former German freight cars. b. The grain import program and the beginning of a large sugar export program. c. Arrival in Stendal and Fuerstenwalde of 43 flatcars with rocket launchers, probably of type M-31, from the USSR. Approved For Release 2009/09/10: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA000200400010-4 Approved For Release 2009/09/10: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA000200400010-4 SECRET/ 9. Railroad construction projects. Railroad construction projects under way were continued. Shortage of material slowed down construction work on some of the projects. Construc- tion projects completed included.- a. The Oder bridge at Frankfur?t/Oder was opened for double-track operation on 8 December 1952., thus eliminating the last bottleneck on the Brest Litovsk-,WarsawFrankfurte0der.Berli.n double-track line, which is the most important Soviet supply line. b. The Pirna-Bad Schandau section of the important Dresden-Prague tranGi+. line to Czechoslovakia was opened for double-track operation on 18 December. c. At the beginning of December, the Dobrilugk-K.irchhain-F.insterwalde double-track section, another section of the important GubenmCottbus- Falkenberg line was completed. 10. a. On 1 December 1952, a Zentrale Wagenvex'waltung (central rolling stock administration) (ZWV) was established in the East German railroads. The following sections were subordinate to this administration; Wagen- inspectionen (rolling stock inspection agencies) and the Wagenbetriebs- stollen (roiling stock control agencies) at the regional railroad dis- trict headquarters (RBDs); the Wagenabnahmestellen (rolling stock test- ing stations) at the railroad repair shape (RAWs); and the Wagengrenz- stellen (transit check points) at each border=--crossing station. The ZWV which is subordinate directly to the Director General Railroads, Berlin, controls all charge of procurement,, replenishment, administration and distribution of rolling stock. It is undetermined whether 'this organizational measure alone will help to remove 'the short- age of rolling s tc,~6: which be name evident during the seasonal shipments of the last rionth.s. b. An Oberste Bauleitung fuer Elektrifizierung (construction headquarters for electrification) (OBE) responsible for the re-electrification of railroad lines in central Germany was established on 12 December 1952. It is planned to recondition 1,000 kilometers of railroad line, mostly in the Halle regional railroad district, so that it can be used by elec- trified trains. The power plant at Nuldenstein will also be recondi- tionedo The electric equipment previously dismantled by the Soviet had to be bought back for this purpose. Some of the material has already been returned from the USSR. c. A Soviet order transmitted to the Erfurt regional railroad headquarters on 29 December 1952 said that 2,000 fittings for converted boxcars were to be procured by the end of January 1953 and were to be available for emergencies. Corresponding orders are believed to have also been issued to the other regional railroad headquarters, but no figures, are available yet. d. Unconfirmed information revealed that the production of freight cars with adjustable gauge, which was reported previously, was started in the railroad car factories in Niesky and Dessau. The large number of new 80 to 90--ton RRym type cars for tank shipments, produced in 1952, were allegedly not provided with the adjustable gauge device. Smp_i e 11. The volume of incoming military supply goods from the USSR to East Germany heavily decreased in November'1952 and, so far as could be observed, in December 1952, and was far below the monthly average of 1,000 cars. The ammunition shipments were lower than during the preceding months and SECRET 25X1 Approved For Release 2009/09/10: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA000200400010-4 Approved For Release 2009/09/10: CIA-RDP80-0081OA000200400010-4 25X1 Discharges. 14- 15. 16. SECRET/ CS X20,48 Several deserters stated that it had been decreed that all KVP whose three- year term of service had expired in the fall of 1952 would be discharged. It remains to be seen whether and to what extent discharges will actually be executed. As all efforts are being made to establish the national. forces rapidly, it is doubted that it should be possible to decrease the trained personnel which constitutes about 50 percent of the entire strength. 17. . Basin training of the recruits who arrived in the fall of 1952 started in mid- November and was conducted primarily in the billeting areas. Approved For Release 2009/09/10: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA000200400010-4 Approved For Release 2009/09/10: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA000200400010-4 Next 2 Page(s) In Document Denied Iq Approved For Release 2009/09/10: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA000200400010-4