Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 15, 2016
Document Release Date: 
October 31, 2003
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
March 19, 1958
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP80-00810A000500150007-3.pdf193.17 KB
Approved For Release 2003/12/02 : CIA-RDP80-0081OA000500150007-3 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY INFORMATION REPORT China 25X1 SUBJECT Travel Controls in Communist China 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 i L. This Document contains information affecting the Na- tional Defense of the United States, within the mean- ing of Title 18, Sections 793 and 794, of the U.S. Code, as amended. Its transmission or revelation of its contents to or receipt by an unauthorized person is prohibited by law. The reproduction of this form is prohibited. REPORT NO. 25X1 DATE DISTR. 19 March 1953 NO. OF PAGES 3 REQUIREMENT NO. REFERENCES THE SOURCE EVALUATIONS IN THIS REPORT ARE DEFINITIVE. THE APPRAISAL OF CONTENT IS TENTATIVE. ,(FOR KEY SEE REVERSE) each applicant for entry and exit permits in the Peiping, .Tsingtao, and Tientsin area was required to have a residence certificate, two shop guarantor certificates, and two current.ph4tographa. After ,filling..out and handing in a permit blank to the..local, public security bureau or branch bureau, the applicant was issued . a. pass in one week .to one month., An applicant who was not a regular resident in Tsingtao or" Tientsin needed the guarantee of two shops properly registered with capital of over. 5,000,000 before applying for an entry permit from Hong Kong or Macao to visit Tsingtao or Tientsin. 2 Tate entry and exit permits issued by Communist authorities in Tsizqtao, 'TIAS Pe g 'Obar"i. were usua1iy yr?rrteli cn eee p44-grade' whi-twimimr t* blank xetterl mad were , at the same -size), - iu ,ng R6 cm by 23 metre ` `':ivI eer*eiinec the fo11ewing. 3Pn. n#w; ocpnpat14tn; -a ees; tegreyph., usually ' eeeled with steel d $9j-, and. period effective, usually sixty days, or thirty days for a one.wwaypermit. 25X1 (Notes Washington DletrlbJFJpp nT~jEaf , 'oi~FQe~~AsV1 V1 /d# A-RDP80-00810400050 150007-3 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/12/02 : CIA-RDP80-0081OA000500150007-3 25X1 SECRE'Tj 3. Permits issued by the provincial or municipal governments in Rupei, 25X1 permits issued by the hsien governments tbrbugh~the public security bureaus were sealed only with.vooden seals in blue Ink. The 25X1 permits were not uniform in size or in Printing andcouldTbe easily forged. at the request of The border office at ench'uan W22-32Y it..- ), all permits issued in Tupei Fukien , , 25X1 and'Kwangtung, were printed by the pro'incial or municipal governments, which were then distributed to the hsien governments for issuance. An exit permit to Bong Kong or-Macao was kept by the border office at 'Shench'uan. ritry Permits-were to be handed to the local public security bureaus or brapch bureaus upon arrival at the destination. 'he issuing offices always k t a duplicate of the permits, but no duplicates were-~kept at the ench'uan office. 25X1 25X1 4? canton "Fu-blic ecuxity Bureau officers were 25X1 covertly selling travel permits to enter Macao for Jff five to ten millions. Applicants were required to name their. guarantors and to show the relationship between the guarantors and the purchasers of the permits. Negotiations took five clays. .' In Macao assistance could be obtained from the-Yellow Ox Gang. 6. To-purchase a travel permit in Canton for Hong Kong, it was necessary tQ submit a photograph, pay a money deposit, and remit to an address in Canton an additional, sum of money. It was also passible to go from Canton to Macao without a travel permit. in one case where no permit was obtained, the traveler waited at the Macao border=for"a shipment of the Bouth Beas Tobacco Company which was going from Canton via the North Station-, posed as a hired assistant when-the shipment reached the border, and was permitted entry into Macao by a gateman. 8. In comparison with other mainland cities, inspection-at the Canton railroad station was more thorough. Each parcel and piece of baggage ?- s'I +e.and the traveler was searched. At'"other places, spot checks of suspicious individuals were conducted and inspectors did not cross- examine tiravelera except concerning their baggage. 'The railroad police made 'no inspection of berths and compartments. 25X1 25X1 9? passengers on the Canton Kowloon Railroad enterin China at aench'uan w were questioned were detained f and their bagga all documentati currency. Few g ere closely inspected. Passengers stood in single file and two at a time., and those who showed signs of hesitation or further questioning.. After questioning, all passengers ge were inspected by a team of two men, one of whom checked on while the other conducted a body search for goods and passengers boarded. the train at Shench'uan; the majority entrained at Changmut'ou (N 22-53, E 114-06) T'angt'ou'(N'22-48, E. 114-06), Shib.1.utg (N 23-07) E 113-51), and Nankang (N 23-06, E 113-32). On the train only tickets were inspected and occasionally there were spot checks. 10... Passengers disembarking from the CantonKowloon Railroad at the east station it Canton were required to file out in two columns and were given an arbitrary screening by some twenty railroad inspectors. SECRET4 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/12/02 : CIA-RDP80-0081OA000500150007-3 Approved For Release 2003/12/02 : CIA-RDP80-0081OA000500150007-3 25X1 .,1. -Hotel guests in Canton registered' with the ca Or . Mice. checks were not regular, but the police were usuafly kept' informed of guest activites through a police informant posing as a hotel employee. 25X1 12. _.Mot checks were made on the Canton- *ow Ra1road. some . soldiers boarder a southbound train it 'Yingte 2, 1'' 113.221 and searched it for fur hours - 'very passenger was asked hid identity, starting and 'destination points, and the name of the chairman of his fa here association or the name of his district magistrate.. 25X1 13 -Communists. Imposed v$rious zontrgls and 40 'rest r i.c . o on inhabi antis f si n (ir 24- 9 113.0 ~, ! ngahan N + 2, 71 -3j), tochang (N 25-O , 71 .l ), and other thins in the ZPorth 1 er matrict. AUY villager in this northern Raangtung area who planned to travel for a distance of more #baii five li had to apply for a travel permit from the local rural association. 25X1 BERM Approved For Release 2003/12/02 : CIA-RDP80-0081OA000500150007-3