Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Document Creation Date: 
December 16, 2016
Document Release Date: 
August 12, 2005
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Publication Date: 
May 29, 1953
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PDF icon CIA-RDP80-00810A001700050009-9.pdf287.79 KB
25X1 25X1 Approve Fq i; I, sN 206 ?44 CIA-RDP80-008 ')01700050009-9 COUP. - RY;as tGrny TOPIC- Cottbus Airfield EVALUATION 25X1 P1 Ar BTAINED._.I DATE OF CONTENT 25X1 DATE OBTAINED REFERENCES 25X1 PAGES -41 ENCLOSURES (NO. TYP ) REMARKS I. In April 1953, several shipments with aircraft crates arrived in Cottbus via F?rannkfurt/Oder. ? One shipment with 40 crates which arrived at Cottbus airfield on 4 April was escorted by a Soviet officer who had supervised the loading activity in Brest ' Litovsk , At Cottbus railroad station, the crates arrived on four-axle cars and-were transloaded on two- axle flatca -s by VP under the supervision of the abovementioned Soviet 25X1 officer. During the transloading activity, two VP men were ordered to climb into one crate in which the heavy weight was incorrectly distributed. On this 25X1 occasion, F_ I apparent1 plane was pace inside o The use age was fastened in about the middle of the crate and the wings, covered with thin tarpaulins, were on both sides of the fuselageo Boxes of various sires were stored on the bottom of the crate, under the fuselage. Crates observed arriving at the field inclu ded 20 on 7 April 7 on 15 Aril 25X1 20 on 17 April, and 30 on 21 April 25X1 25X1 2. On 21 April, 1S Yak-lie, 7 1.7iC-15s and 1 Li-2 were observed at the field. Some of the Yak-ll s were used for flying II 3. During the night of 4 April 15 to 20 aircraft crates were observed at , 2 Cottbus freight station. CLASSIFICATION SECRET1 25X1. 25X1 25X1- 25X1 Approved-For Release 2005/08/24: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA001700050009-9 L_..DAT E PREPARED- Approved For Release 2005/08/24: CIA-RDP80-00810A001700050009-9 SECRET 25X1 ~. The following air activity and aircraft were observed at the field between 9 and 29 April: 2_A mil Eight Yak-lls 1flew over the field and the to',,mo An additional 14 Yaak-1 s, a planes and 2 twin-engine aircraft were parked on the landing field. 10 Anril . There, was no air activity at 4:3' p.m. 11 April. Between 3:30 and 4 p.m.,v 2 Yak-lis practiced formation flying. The planes landed on the grass south of the runway. 13 Aril. There was air activity between 10 and 10:30 a.m., The take- offs and landings were made on the runway. Aircraft observed at the field included 12 jet planes, 18 Yak-!Is, l twin-engine plane, and 2 Po-2s. Some groups of soldiers were apparently. given instruction on the jet planes. and 16 April, individual Yak-lie were aloft. took off on the runway, however, anaeon ^ Tngrass Soulull Ur-Me 25X1 I 25X1' 2ril? Between 2:30 and 3 p.m. aircraft flew individually and in elements of two for 20 to 25 minutes. The one-man crews were changed after each landing. 21 and 22 April. Between 3 and 3:30 p.m., there was the same air activity as on 20 April. 2 A rim. Between 3:30 and 4 p.m?, flying was practiced at an altitude of about 2,500 meters. Twelve Yak-lie and 36 jet planes were parked in front of the hangars. 2 A mil. F] yi=be; as practiced between 4:30 and 5 p.m. 26 April to 28 x it No air activity was observed. Apparently an increased number of jet planes were parked at the field. 2 A ri . Between 5 and 5:30 p.m. individual planes practiced flying 2 for 25 to 30 minutes. Take-offs and landings were riade on the runway. 17 April. Aircraft wooden aircraft crates without inscriptions arrived at the field. The crates took up the floor space of the gondola cars in which they arrived and had the. height of a boxcar. They were transloaded by VP at Cottbus freight station before being shipped to the field. In the second a Of April. an estimated total of 100 crates in three rows were stored in the north- eastern corner of the field near the high, y to Burg. I SfXFRET, Approved For Release 2005/08/24: CIA-RDP80-0081OA001700050009-9 Approved For Release 2005/08/24: CIA-RDP80-00810A001700050009-9 SECRET/ 25X1 25X1. 6. On 9 April, three Soviet officers were surveying the area north of the road to llahlitz. Jeep with driver wearing red-bordered black epaulets was seen nearby. At 7:50 a.r10 on 17 April, 3 officers and 80 VPL personnel with luggage marched from the railroad station to the field, 7. On 10 April, a ferale erployee in the Soviet lospital stated that a plane had crashed over Cottbus airfield and that a VP officer had died on the way to the hospital. 8. In mi.d--April, a number of aircraft crates arrived in Cottbus. After being; unloaded at the airfield, the aircraft were assembled immediately under the supervision of a major in VPL uniform] swept-back jet aircraft with two seats ariong the assembled planes. 9. The following air activity map observed at.the field between 13 and 17 Aprils 13 April There was intensive air activity by Yak-lls which flew at altitudes of more than 500 meters A , it Yak-11s practiced flying in elements of two. There was a closed cloud base at an altitude of about 1,800 meters. ]5 ~pxl~ Yak-lls were aloft. There was a closed cloud base and rain showers in the afternoon. 25X1 each jurning from one transport plane.2 On 14 and 21 April, aircraft crates arrived at the field from Frankfurt/Oder. The shipments were escorted by Soviet soldiers with r longolian features who were not allowed to leave the train. Apparently the trains had been on their way for a long tire. The crates were transloaded on the Srmeewald-F3ahn yr VP personnel under the supervision of Soviet officers for shipment to the airfield. I 25X1 25X1 lril There was intensive air activity. 17 Apri4 , At 5:45 am., a parachutist jumped from a transport plane over the field. Subsequently, 2 parachutists each junred from 20 approaching planes. Throughout the day, there was intensive air activity by Yak-Us,, which also made aerobatics at altitudes of more than 2,000 meters. About 50 assembled MG-15 and type-29 planes were parked at the field, 2 10. At 7 a.m,, on 17 April, parachuting was practiced at the field, two parachutists 12. About 15 and 20 April, two trains with a sizeable number of aircraft crates arrived in Cottbus. The crates had flat ridge roofs or round roofs like boxcars, The side walls of the crates were re-inforced by boards arranged. crosswise and the planks under the bottom were shaped like runners. The crates which arrived about 20 April had at the upper half of their front side a projecting part, about 1.5 meters long, which tapered to below. The crates were transloaded on the Spreewald-hahn and were escorted by Soviet and German air force personnel on route to the field. Previously the crates had been shipped to the field on tr?ucks.l Approved For Release 2005/08/24: CIA-RDP80-00810A001700050009-9 Approved For Release 2005/08/24: CIA-RDP80-0081OA001700050009-9 25X1 25X1 25X1 2 o Cor aent Cottbus airfield is occupied the headquarters of the VPL division and the lst Refit of this division. At present' VPL pilots are being trained on Yak,-11s. It is believed that retraining on P'iG-l5 and type-29 planes will start soon. The parachute jumps observed .probably were practice jumps by VPL pilots. ;C1 TJ Approved For Release 2005/08/24: CIA-RDP80-0081OA001700050009-9