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Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Document Creation Date: 
December 21, 2016
Document Release Date: 
April 16, 2009
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Publication Date: 
March 31, 1954
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PDF icon CIA-RDP80-00810A003701220010-5.pdf289.97 KB
Approved For Release 2009/04/16: CIA-RDP80-00810A003701220010-5 EI ' , t hin" ~~Eh sY REPOT T .CD NO. CI.) AND, SUBJECT PLACE ACQUIRED DATE OT NFI . Ea-1t1% 'ts nrr"'Fo.land f USSR isa Germaxa R.ailrcyssd T?s: affie to Brest Litovsk Y1kY# NFdk"Us ve gWip 1M*$ IA1 kYAtIoW Afl9'#'i'EIIG siE.t 11Altai11At6 IY1CYGEY?tk +5w T'O t. &: iP111? D Atn'IRS, g^EFx*,1/ t $L 18E Yb4 of twit il 8, coot S AUJUVd@. 1VU.. !d, Bd:F:TIA4fPt 8A& aiA TR#tY~tYYl3.?iAa 4Yi fRi:'ViE t.,Oxer ITS EpxtttliS T4 m6E~ii,47' Dl AE U"UTOORIT8U PIPSON trlt111! 6bt- lhit?`M> 1~6ODuCVi9x.OF t tiS r4kq 18 TtOlae6srtp.. DATE DISn- ND. OF PACFS NO.. OF ENCLS. Al "no tst o o SUPPLEMENT" to REPORT NO. THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION Approximately 15 trains passed through the Frankfurt/Oder shunting ctat oif going to and from Brest Litovsk. The trains were load d with machiner parts, dredgers, and uranium or consisted of new passenger cars and Ir refrigerator cars from East Germany on the way to the USSR. During harvest timE a few trains with threshing machines and grain were observer' coming from Brest. An unidentified number of military transports passed through the shunting station; most military transports were routed through the passenger station. The exact number of military traneport$was not known. The only passenger train observed F-25X1 _ -- was the Blue L'.,?....^'. wh --J ~; u uuliy, once on the way to Brest and once 25X1 conning from Brest, MaUf14ne parts were packed in cases and transported in a closed train consisting of gondola cars and box errs. Such trains usually had from 100 to 120 axles, The composition of such trains was as follows; locomotive, brigade car; Russian ---escort..... car occupied by one officer and five enlisted men, and then the gondolas and box cars, 3. Trains consisting of new-refrigerator cars and passenger cars destined for the USSR consisted for the most part of from 20 to 25An unidentified number of gondola cars (0 Wagen) loaded with Russian- gauge axles always accompanied such trains. The composition of the trains was as follows: locomotive, brigade car, Russian accompanying car with one officer and five enlisted men, the refrigerator and/or pas: en,rer cars, and finally the gondola cars loaded with Russian-.gauge axles. The refrigerator and passenger cars had four axles, 4. The exact number of uranium trains which pass through the Frankfurt/Oder shunting station was not known, but it was estimated that two to three such trains went through to Brest each week. The trains for the most part bore no bills of lading. When bills were observed on thw trains they stated only that the route was from Frankfurt/Oder to Brenta Uranium trains usually consisted of from 50 to 55 cars which were closed and sealed, Such trains were from 100 to 120 axles long. The load weight CLASSIFICATION SE CM - TATE Fk IYAV t NSR-"? ---r. DISTRIBUTION ARMY !.'-_?~ a 1954 Approved For Release 2009/04/16: CIA-RDP80-00810A003701220010-5 Approved For Release 2009/04/16: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA003701220010-5 3':CIt of uranium trains was not known The following var. mposition of uranium trains: locomotive, brigade car, Russian ._: occupied by one officer and from five to six enli, tea :..;;n, and the sealed uranium cars Ia a special security measure there is a Russian '!escort car at the eAn'1ilr I of each uranium train. This car is allegedly occupied by Russian GFU_ (sIce :ap tints and is connected. with all the other cars i thp train by telephone, ut she end of the train in the brake housing of the next to last c;r., a ttussian sentry with a machine pistol is posted. The transportation papers for uranium trains pass only throu Russian hands Ithe loading number of trains corresponded exactly to the train number as it appeared on the traffic schedule, 5, The top speed for trains passing through Poland was 60 kilometers per hour for freight trains and 80 kilometers per hour for passenger trains? The condition of the railway cars is poor on the averaged The following kinds of cars Co from .Oast German,, to Poland: 0 Gondola Cars (Offerer Gueterwagon) 2 axles 15 tons Loaded with potatoes,. coal. bales of hay, which are sometimes marked crates, G .tea. (Gese'~lossener Gueterwagen) 4 axles 25-30 tons Loaded with mineral coal, large freight (Grossgueter) and ores All gondola cars which are marked with a white color can be used only for the transport of ores. 2 axles 15.-30 tons Loaded with potash, grains, uranium or military personnel. 3-4 axles 15-45 tons Loaded with uranium, heavy parts packed in cases; ;R care with wooden ride racks VRR_. cars (with iron We racks) S cars (with, iron side racks and metal 'superstructure (i haul bau)) ASS care (-with t onside rooks and metal 4snperatructure) 2 axles 15-20 tons Loaded with wood, light vehicles and light iron pipes 4 axles or more 25-80 tons Loaded with heavy vehicles, threshing machines and heavy iron parts, 2 axles 15-20 tons Loaded with rails and iron parts, 4 axles 20-35 tons Loaded with rails, heavy iron parts and heavy vehicles. Approved For Release 2009/04/16: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA003701220010-5 Approved For Release 2009/04/16: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA003701220010-5 3T Flat Cars - so-called Tiefladewagen 4 axles or r:., lt;i;- 170 toes (depressed dent r) Loaded wi h F formt,-rs ,. RRJ(m 1ro3i Fiat. oars 4 axles 80 tons Only for tanks (these ears were first used in 1952;:, The tut: r:i;nber of cars in operation was not known, It was estina avid -however that at "tee:_~t 50 percent of cars in operation were in need of repairs Nothing; vas kno-an c:oricerning new construction of cars and locomotives while travelling through Poland locomotives used mineral coal from Jpper Silesi The trig i'edule for the column in Frankfurt/Oder is chanced twice each year, n hay area lit October.: In 1953 the number of brigade personnel per train was increased from 11 to 12 men.. The column in Frankfurt, Oder is an independent cffice and under the jurisdiction of Reichsbahnamt 7,. The director of the column is L oe ler (fnu) who resides in Frankfurt/Oder. The column in Frank- furt/Oder has from 125 to 130 brigades. Brigade personnel are billeted in caboose ('~Eohnwagen} Replacements of personnel are made from replacement i.rigade4-, the number of which is not -mown. L brigade consists of 12 Bien: urea locomotive engineers, three locomotive firemen, three conductors and three train commanders,, Brigadiers working hours are regulated by a work plan. Every brigadier has to perform at lcact six hours of d.ut,r a day and has 12 hours off. :.ach brigade is required to make at least three round trips a month. auh round trip lasts five to six days, 'vex brigadier has as many days off each onth as there are Sundays in the month.,, During their time off, brigadier. s always otay in the cabooses, except when they are at their home. The followin( are the chief items r rice received for ea.ah item: whioh brigadiers smuggle,along with the Ball point pens 20-25 zloty each chiffon scarves 60-70 zloty each Gun glasses 15-40 zloty each ewwing needles 80-100 zloty per hundred Combs 1-5 zloty each s.lurm clocks and watches 100-150 zloty per watc i .oct of the goods smuggled are turned over to Polish rail-::ay workers, and it is rumored that certain persons in civilian dress always ?a.pear at a spot outside the entrance to the station and pica up the smuggled goods. Little vas known concerning the papers and documents required by brigade personnel. Kt was known however that each brigadier, before starting on a trip to Brest, has to re sort to the border pass office and sign for his border pass. The declaration of money and personal effects.je made out at the border pass office. Each brigadier may take only 50 DM,SE with him, and each declaration of money must be signed by the brigadier himself. The train commander retains these papers and presents then at certain check points. For regular freight trains the train commander carries the train papers; in the ca--e of uranium trains, however. all train papers are kept by the Russians Approved For Release 2009/04/16: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA003701220010-5 ? Approved For Release 20 0 9/0 4/1 6: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA003701220010-5 SEC:,A. 71t The Derutra offices in Frcnkfurt/Qder are located at tho nj station be `wccn the shop buildings (Betriebs-eebaeude) and the mid : - -. nal tower. The baild:ris is about 50 -iieters Joni, 1.s constructed of st and rese.ities a b rrac ,. jnly completely convinced O:'D members are re;':;.~t.-~dly employed at Derutra Approved For Release 2009/04/16: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA003701220010-5