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Approved For Release 2007/10/19: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA005500030014-6 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE' AGENCY INFORM AVOW REPORT Atomic Energy' Installation neariyshtym O. OF PAGES 2 COUNTRY USSR (Chelyabinsk and Ghkalov Oblasts) REPORT 1. Transportation and Security Informs- SUBJECT tion on Chelyabinsk, Kyshtym, Kasli DATE DISTR. 6 December 195+ Area, 2. PLACE ACQUIRED This is UNEVALUATED Information This material contains information affecting the Na- tional Defense of the United States within the mean- ing of the Espionage Laws, Title 18, U.B.C. Secs. 793 and 794, the transmission or revelation of which in any manner to an unauthorized person is prohibited by law. REQUIREMENT NO. RD REFERENCES 25X1 THE SOURCE EVALUATIONS IN THIS REPORT ARE DEFINITIVE. THE APPRAISAL OF CONTENT IS TENTATIVE. (FOR KEY SEE REVERSE) 1. Beginning in 1946, very heavy road and rail traffic was observed in the Chelyabinsk area..(N55-10, E61-24). Steel rods of the type used in reinforced concrete construc- tion were carried by rail. These roes were up to 15 meters in length, although the standard length did not exceed 5.8 meters. Diversified types of machinery, including giant mud excavators and all types of construction machinery, were shipped by rail into this area. Large quantities of cement shipped in bags were also seen. Truck drivers operating between Ufaley and Chelyabinsk stated that the railroad between the two places was overburdened, and that for this reason many commodities had to be shipped by road. 2. Engineer troops worked on the construction of a telephone line extending from Kasli (N55-54, E60-46) to Chelyabinsk in the south. It was particularly noted that copper wire was used in this construction instead of the aluminum wire normally used. In 194 - 1949, a single-track railroad was opened between Kasli and Chelyabinsk. 4. In 1946, a new single-track railroad was being constructed from Kyshtym (N55-43, E60-34) to Kasli. Wooden ties were employed in the construction of the permanent railroad, the rails being attached to the ties with spikes. This railroad was put into operation during 1948 - 1949, at which time railroad tank cars were observed on the line. 5. Large fuel tank installations were observed at Kasli. One of the fuel containers appeared to be a gasometer. Each of the smaller fue). tanks available there had a storage capacity of from 25,000 to 30,000 liters. Mobile platforms fitted with pumps to be used for the unloading of railroad tank cars stood on the station track. STATE X ARMY X NAVY SECRET U. S. OFFICIALS ONLY id X FBI AEC X eV X (NOTE: Washington distribution indicated by ")"; mod. distribution by 7/ Approved For Release 2007/10/19: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA005500030014-6 meters north and south of the K aht a are high were observed for many kilo- railroad line. Observation towers w reaerectedsalongnthon east side istfence, which wap the lieved to mark the western boundary of the Kyshtym restricted area. The po bepula- tiOn of Ufaley generally referred to the E ehtst area ? restricted area". In February 1948, a woman from Ufa ley stated that ther sonmwas working in the Kyshtym area and that he had told her during a recent visit that he would not be allowed henceforth to leave the restricted area again. 7. In the spring of 1948, the entire ? orers, had to evacuate the K eht population, including all PWs and forced lab- re area. e s by Communists and their depe dents whotcameeto Kyshtymhfrom alltoverwtherUSSR. These latter were, reportedly, never to leave the area g summer o 1948, no ordinary passenger was allowed to travel to Kyshty.m again.- In the rail, sThe a of Press press trains to Chkaloy (IP51-46, 355-05) passed through the yshtm o ex- with their windows closed. y y railroad 8. Soviet convicts stated that extensive excavation work was bei located about ten kilometers east of Kyshtym. of done undco a lake lcrete'mixing machines, and steel rods to be used eforr thetreinforcembnt,ofcon- crete were being shipped to the construction site,where an atomic energy in- stallation was, allegedly, under construction. 9. The northern boundary of the east of Ufale fences s restricted area was about 30 kilometers y. Barbed wire e two m t SECRBT U. S. OFFICIALS ONLY 6. Between Ryshty'm and Chelyabinsk, there was a restricted area which began near Basli and extended toward the south beyond The east - west extension of the restricted $area, ~thercenabout 60 ter of which was s? tym, was estimated at 45 kilometers. Kysh- the woods of this area. The Kyshtym raailro drstation-wasacordoned off by soldiers, and only military personnel were observed leaving the en trains which stopped here. A number of ramps were built at this railroad stat. ion, and in May 1948, an SKS type crane (sic) was being erected here re P bl occ y' windows of the railroad cars were blacked out in order to prevent t occ area. upants of the care from observing the restricted SCR' U? S. OFFICIALS ONLY Approved For Release 2007/10/19: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA005500030014-6