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December 21, 2016
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September 29, 2008
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May 24, 1955
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Approved For Release 2008/09/29: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA006800190008-2 REQUIREMEN This material contains information affecting the National Defense of the United States within the meaning of the Espionage Laws, Title 18, U.S.C. Secs. 793 and 794, the transmission or revelation of which in any manner to an unauthorized person is prohibited by law. F /1 TT T T T\ T TT m T A T COUNTRY USSR (Magadan Oblast/Yakut ASSR) REPORT SUBJECT Daistroy Organization and , DATE DISTR. Miscellaneous F4conomic information on the Kolyma and indigirka Regions; NO. OF PAGES PnRRihle TTranitlm Mine at G gum DATE OF INFO. PLACE ACQUIRED DATE ACQUIRED ?CPOQ . CENTRAL -INTELLIGENCE AGENCY 001 O~p003ir 24 May 1955 25X1 Dalstroy Personalities 1. The first exploratory group went to the Kolyma region around 1932a The first chief of the area was Pere'gin (fnu)..1a very good man who was liquidated after two or three years. He was succeeded by a Garanin (fnu), during the early part of World War. II. Enroute, his ship was captured by the Japanese,, who killed him and sent a.Japanese who resembled him in his J.i&ge, After. two or three years, Garanin's sister came from Moscow to visit her brother. When she arrived in Magadan, she was. shown a picture of the false Garaniz and realized that he was an impos d The false Garanin tried to escape Wand. drove to the'airfield at Susman where two of his assistants were killed. He was captured alive. 2. Soon after World War II, the chief of Dais,troy was.Lt. General Ivan Nikish'vo It was a very difficult time,. because the Americans had.stopped sending Lend-Lease food when the Soviets refused to pay for it. There were terrible famines and about ten million prisoners died., some four million in-the:winter of 1946-1947., and another six million in the following year. The situation was so desperate that people were crawling.on all fours from starvation.. Only 700 of the 1+,000 men working on the Kulu-Neksikan road.survived.1 The situation improved when food which had been taken from the Japanese, was made available: Nikishov was blamed for the famine and removed. Nikishov was succeeded,. for three or four months, by his assistant, Derevyanko (fnu). Then came Lt Polkovnik Petrenko (fs u).:. who~w4t.,.v6ry kind C-O-N-F-T D-E-N-T-?A-L 25X1 AEC 10- so EN 9 (Note: Washington distribution indicated by "X Field distribution by "#".) Ep003r 0 \ ORMA lOK R POQ Approved For Release 2008/09/29: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA006800190008-2 25X1 Approved For Release 2008/09/29: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA006800190008-2 to prisoners. In 1949 or 1950, the papers announced his death, but the common rumor was that he had been poisoned. 4+. The Kolyma region was subdivided into directorates (upravleniye), normally headed by a colonel (polkovnik). The directorates were subdivided into individual mines (priisk), normally headed by a major. The mines consisted of a headquarters section (0LP - otdeleniye lagernogo punkta) and mine pit sections (uchastok) which had both numbers and names. These sections were normally headed by a man with the equivalent rank of a captain or a senior lieutenant. Under the OLP there might also be smaller subdivisions, called 5. There was a total of nine directorates under Dalstroy, Following are the names and headquarters' location where known: a. Indigirka. Directorate: Headquarters in Ust Nera. In 1951, the head of the directorate was Lt. Col. Smul_ov. (fnu), who was promoted and left. b. Neksikan Directorate: The Akrectorate was very large. The towns of Kurunakhsala and Adagalakh were in the Neksikan Directorate.3 c. Levyy Bereg or Usvitl Directorate: Usvitl is a suburb of Levyy Bere (:N' 62-21, E 150-140)? both names were used. d, Seymchan Directorate: Headquarters in Seymchan, e. Tenkin Directorate: Centered around Kulu. It extended south of Kulu and west of Palatka (N 60- - Vtoroy or 72nd Imo. f. Yagodnyy: A directorate or an otdeleniye65 g. Palatka: A directorate, rayon,,or other division. The most southern mine of Neksikan Directorate, Gardeyets, forms the northern limit of the Palatka area. 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 1 25X1 25X1 " 25X1 25X1 h. The Sugum Uranium Mine also formed a separate urayleniye or otdeleniye, The Uliskit Wolfram Mine was a separate otdeleniye.b 6. the total number of forced laborers in the Kolyma region was about three million. There were only a few free people in that area; 7. The addressi pr a pera n..l4 tfhe_Kq.yma. region, yarried. according:. to the. location. One example is as follows: Dalstroy, gored. Magadan (abbreviated. "gor.fl), Tenkinskiy Upravleniye, Priisk Nrd_(Dalatroy, Town of Magadan, Tenkin Direct- orate, Mine No. .). In other cases, the directorate would be omitted, and the address would be written; Dalstroy, Gor. Magadan, Pos61ok Ust Nera, Priisk Nr. _(Dalstroy, Town of Magaten, Village of Ust Nera, Mine No. -). This was done because Ust Nera was a well-known place. Wolfram Mine $. A wolfram mine was located at Uliskit 9 The work was e mely hard, and many people died, xt7the majority of the prisoners in Uliskit were Vlassovites and Bandera Ukrainians. In 1949 or 1950, there was a revolt in the mine, and some 500 prisoners were killed. A Japanese major escaped with a Russian toward Yakutsk. They were recaptured and returned to the Kolyza region, 25X1 Approved For Release 2008/09/29: CIA-RDP80-0081 OA006800190008-2 Approved For Release 2008/09/29: CIA-RDP80-00810A006800190008-2 AT_T_T_A_T -3- 9. Possible Uranium Mine at Sugum Source heard about a uranium mine in Sugum from two prisoners who had worked at Sugum, between the Del and the Art k Rivers. The mine had another name until about 194--s, The only basis for the prisoners' believing that the ore actually contained uranium was that workers employed there were never told what they were doing. In other mines they knew, that they were getting gold, cobalt! or caseiterite. At Sugum, when a worker asked what the ore contained., he was told that this was none of his business. Hospitals 10. There was a rayon hospital in Ust Nera with about 500 beds. 0 the largest hospital of the area was a& Levyy Bereg and that there was another larger hospital at 72nd km (Seymdesyat Vtoroy ka),7 egrees centigrade. In Magadan., the minimum temperature was 46 degrees (sic). 11. There was a reindeer sovkhoz nine km from the western bank of the Indigirka River, across the river from the Kinersala Gold mine.8 There were about 1,000 reindeer there. near Oymyakan there were some 25X1 8,000 reindeer in seve e usually about 800 to 1,000 head in each sovkhoz. ~7there were reindeer sovkhozy 25X1 near Susman, at Berelyak N 2-47, E 148-07). Some prospecting groups were also supplied with food by reindeer transportation. Temperatures the minimum temperature along the Indigirka River was minus 25X1 4. Washington Comment.- According to previous reports., 72 IKx Camp is 72 km north of Magadan, the town of Neksikan 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 is the headquarters of the Chay Urinskoye Directorate. C 3. points 25 and 47 for locations of these towns 5. Washington Cent: headquarters of the 8. Yagodnyy is the 25X1 points 3 and 41b. point 4 for further details of the hospital at Ust Nera and for a report on the hospital at Levyy point 10. Comment; Uliskit is possibly the same as Alyaskitovyy approximately N -50, E 141-35), on the Arangas River. 25X1 Approved For Release 2008/09/29: CIA-RDP80-00810A006800190008-2