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December 21, 2016
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July 22, 2008
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November 4, 1955
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Approved For Release 2008/07/22 : CIA-RDP80-0081 OA007100460005-1 CLASSIFICATION C -0 N- 1' I ?D L 11 T- I CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY INFORMATION REPORT COUNTRY USSR (Kuybyshev Oblast) SUBJECT Flight Training by VDA in Syzran PLACE ACQUIRED DATE OF INFO. NO. OF ENCLS. (USTEG BELOW) SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. TRIG DOCUNBNT COfTAIR6 IRFORNATIOU AVIRCIIRO TBB NATION" D80'XIISS of TRB UNITBO STATES. miNIN INS ABASING Of TTTLB I6. n1143TION6 168 AND 794. Of TUB U. I. COOS. AS A02201 . ITS TRANSMISSION 02 lEVBL- ATIO11 OP ITS CORTRNTS TO 00 BUCIIPT NT Al UNAOTR04123D MRSON I6 PROUISITBD ST LAO Us RBPBODOCTION of THIS MORM is NIMSMO. Comments: TATS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION forwarded as received. 25X1 1. Th1 expansidi of VDA iji the title of this report is Verwaltung der Aeroklubs,. a cover Acme for the Last German air force. 2. In this report the city name,`Kuibishev, has been ?t.Sapelled and should be Kuybyshev. CLASSIFICATION C-q?-N-F-I-D-$-N-T-I-A?L N8R6 STATE NA Y F81 t 1S`TFtIBtI i ION Approved For Release 2008/07/22 : CIA-RDP80-0081 OA007100460005-1 REPORT CD NO. DATE DISTR. 4 November 1955 NO. OF PAGES 5 Approved For Release 2008/07/22 : CIA-RDP80-0081 OA007100460005-1 CLASSIFICAT ION Cu''r'IA)LNTIAi COUNTRY USSR Flight Training by VDA in Syzran TOPIC EVALUATsON I DATE OF CONTENT DATE OBTAINE REFERENCES. PAGES.. .~..__ REMARK:.=__ This is UNEVALUATED Information 25X1 -I 25X1 -1 25X1 -I 25X1 1. Upon completion of a preparatory course in Piinow and Pirna/Sonnenstein between January and September 1952, the 400th VPL School/HVL transferred to the USSR in September 1952. The students, accompanied by about 10 Soviet officers wearing civilian clothes, were shipped by rail to Syzran (5311 N 4827 E) via Brest Litovsk m tioscow and Kuibishev (5312 N/ 5009 h). In Moscow, the students wera shown the most interesting places during a one-day halt. 1 The course in the USSR lasted from 1 October 1952 to about 22 October 1953. The students were quartered in a two- story brick building of a Soviet headquarters on the southern edge of Syzran. The kitchen and messhalls were.housed in a separate building. The two buildings of the course were surrounded by a board '`fence and thus separated from the buildings of the Soviet headquarters which housed a Soviet Infantry regiment. Some of the Soviet instructors were quartered in the buildings of the Soviet headquarters and others apparently were quartered in the town. The sentries who guarded the installation were furnished by the Soviet Infantry regiment. 2. The training course comprised: a. The chiefs of the course including: 1 Soviet supervisor with the rank of lieutenant colonel, 1 Soviet instruction leader with the rank of major, 1 German instruction leader, Captain Raatz (fnu), about 36 years old, 175 cm tall, strictly following the communist party line, now chief of the 1st Aeroclub,2 1 Soviet political officer with the rank of major, about 15 Soviet officers in charge of theoretical training, some of. them belonged to various branches of the Soviet Army and, CLASSIFICATION Cot:FIDEI TIAL DISTR1$U a ON PLACE OBTAINED_J ENCLOSURES (NO. & TYPE) .__REPORT -DATE PREPARED 27 December 1954 Approved For Release 2008/07/22 : CIA-RDP80-0081 OA007100460005-1 -3- C0!?iVID.uNTIAL during the course, wore Soviet Ur ,'orce uniforms; and, a:,out 25 Soviet officers, who served as flight instructors, detached from unidentified units. 3. Approved For Release 2008/07/22 : CIA-RDP80-0081 OA007100460005-1 About 10 Soviet Officers and NCOs acting as interpreters. A total of 280 German offioers of the VPL who were subdivided into 4 groups of 70 each. From 1 October until about 26 December 1952, theoretical training only, was given daily from 0800 to 1300 and from 1530 to 1930. Private studies were held from 2030 to 2200. Instruction included the following; subjects: political indoctrination aircraft ex Vines airf ra-nes radio equi .ment navigation aerodynamics meteorology piloting of aircraft parachuting basic training firearms practice eports ttussian language Every Saturday, the students were engaged in basic training and also used the showers. _'he courses were given in iRussian by Soviet officers, who ;were specialists in the various subjects given. The interpreters translated the instruction sentence by sentence. During these theoretical lessons, the subjects which had been given in the theoretical preparatory course in Pinnaw (near Angerinuende) and in Prina were generally repeated. very week, 4 hours of political indoctrination by the Soviet political officer, in addition to 6 hours of private political study and the required students.' reports on special topics. All of' the students were convinced communists or at least appeared as such. About 10 percent were fanatics. F1 ight training; was conducted on Yak-16s and Yak-lie at 4 auxiliary airfields located around Syr^an. The aircraft were maintained by Soviet technicians and mechanics with whom the Germans had only very loose contact. It could not be detorvined which units or schools furnished the`aircra=t. Each student was scheduled to practice flying on Yak-18s for 60 hours and on Yak-lls also for 60 hours. The following flights were actually made: (1) Local flights: 4 turns of 90 degrees at altitudes bet7~een 150 and 200 meters; after the landing, taxying back to the take-oaf point, with the instructor. (2) Local flights: same as item (1), .-but 3 or 4 circuits in succession, with ;o-around procedures after short touch-downs. CG;.1FI:i31W2IAi Approved For Release 2008/07/22 : CIA-RDP80-0081 OA007100460005-1 Approved For Release 2008/07/22 : CIA-RDP80-0081 OA007100460005-1 (3) Local fll;hts: same as items (1) and (2), without instructor. The students were permitted to solo after 4C to 60 take-offs with the instructor, depending on. the student's power of comprehension. (4) iii;;h-altitude flights: in the air space over airfield r,ith the instructor at altitudes between 3,500 and 4,000 meters, without oxy;;er supply. (5) r'lights in the area of about 20 k aro::nd the field: with instructor. (6) ..erobatic:: introduction i:y the instructor into the "figure proUra m" of aerobatics; the student :zad to fly the individual figures of the program in... solo fli'ht. The proeraar? included: divin;.;^, Ii.ielttann turn,. roll., sp.in.s and loops. (7) (3) (9) Flyii4in an element of two. Instrument fiiaht. fe.rachuting: each student had to mane 2 jumps including I jump during the winter term and 1 jump during the sw.L :er terra. For these parachute jumps, a Li-2 transport was used. J?ror^ October 1952 to hair ch 1953, 20 students sere re :?aced because of .hysicaa.l unfitness. 3 The four ruxiliary airfields used for flight t4:caair:in ' were located -50 to 40 km around '3yzra:a. They had a firm grass cover which was in ft:.)o:? cozidition. Each of the 4 training groups alternately practiced at one of the airfields. The students were `-,aulod to ne i?ie? s on 4 e n ,ors. r t.,suci:s. At. the in.c ividual airfields there were only '4:: or 3 ir! nousinec the 2li' ht control station, worksho,. and. a '''lard. ,'he 1-1 maintenance p rsoruzel were apparently not quartered sat the fields. .the . znd viduU landins fields measured about 850 x 600 meters At the ::. of t ,he t. ainin,: course in late 0ctcber 19~3, an examination 5. was held 'ne.iorc a Soviet commission which consisted c.' the fli. ;ht ins tructors and the chiefs of the course. The e,car.inE.tion included. prac'ica1 flying; and theoretical i:.nowledge. 4 each student received a monthly pay of 600 rubles 7:s. th which he cou' a purchase sopso ;cods in a shop housed In t1ae us.rterin ? buil.di. f:'ooc, was issued in sufficient quantity but there. uas no 'variety. 12-tor arrivin in Syzra.%, all of the students were issued Soviet uniforms without service color or rank insig,'-nia. The :hood among the students changed. The 1or service hours and strict separation from the, Population and nembers of the Soviet Army had a tad effect on ttzeir rcrate. i'light trainin6 was done with great passion. Durin the trip to Approved For Release 2008/07/22 : CIA-RDP80-0081 OA007100460005-1 . ce, AW k,# .. Approved For Release 2008/07/22 : CIA-RDP80-0081 OA007100460005-1 1. L . . . ~Cor;j ent, The present report confirms a pr vicus statement }ccord:.ng to which V.i)A piolots 9219. trained near Suibishev bets er vtobe ' 19,52. and Cctob ,r 195. . Syzran, where the students wore trucked to the s4owers on aaturdays, it was stret:.y forbidder: for them to talk to one ailother. The individual training croups were always kept in close formations. The students returned to Est Germany over the see rout a thei had taken to the USSR. After their arrival in the S;.:C, they :here transferred to the 3 Aeroolubs. true t, Captain Hsatz is known to o,- cer of the 1st Aeroclub in Cottbus on c~ aaS,~.ne that date,ta Raatz had i~,ieen b-4 I'lanninp ction t i Adf Uepartaen in 1411 A Awna .. Abte~l'Znt L e). 3. 4? e e, u i ia,:r nlJgbi`lcun ,. 1 cx n. yy. s Cohenfrraa.tion on air a.ctiviuri,:orts the assumption t t trainin;S flights in the USSR were riar.e on fa,.z-l0;.: and Yak-.Lis a the ~riet gone Ge iianc. airfields are airfields his airf i'Id.a ar"L o `reports "oPr e locate& it the 4810 E and 531; N/4839 on the inst.U one aP .vested a"` vhQ fol ra'` aaS U je4o- 'these :Y? "oardirzates 5309 id/ stavus of, thex :1'?*`~+~ have been .:fade the co.iandin,gg 1.December.19 3. Prior t. ' ~~ aars 9 '4 a ., 194" Approved For Release 2008/07/22 : CIA-RDP80-0081 OA007100460005-1