Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 21, 2016
Document Release Date: 
May 1, 2008
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
August 16, 1955
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP80-00810A007900870009-4.pdf242.81 KB
Approved For Release 2008/05/01 : CIA-RDP80-0081 OA007900870009-4 CLASSIFICATION.. 000NTR" Polanci_ TOPIC_ EVALUATION DATE OF CONTENT DATE OBTAINED.. _PLACE OBTAINE REFERENCES PAGES 2 --ENCLOSURESAA&A TYPE) REMARKS ---tThis is UNEVALUATED Information] 1. Breslau-G? ndau :airfield was located on the west-north-6s tern e3ge of Brest^u (51 07 Y/17 00 i;) and was bordered on the north by a large cemetery and fields, on the east by the town sector of Ganda:;, on the south by the Pafawag Tlart, and on the west by fields. The airfield covered an area of bout 1,500 x 1,000 {,peters. The main supply road was U1. Lotnica. railroad line extended between the infield and Pafawag "lant. 2. The airfield was used for commercial air traffic from and to 7arsaw and for training activity by the Liga Lotnica which was e nipped with gliders and conventional aircraft. 1o military units were stationed at the field nor did Polish Air Force aircraft land there. The entire landing field had a well-kept grass cover. *vo ccncrete runways or taxiways were observed. A concrete arron of about 500 x 150 meters was only observed in front of the flight control building ~:nd air terminal. No aircraft dispersal areas ':ere seen in the o,en. There were three large hangars and one smaller hangar. One of the larger hangars ?asstill p-rtially destroyed from the ware 3. No quartering buildings were seen at the fie'd, The f'ight control. staff was housed in a long building, about 100 x 20 meters along Ui. Lotnica, just east of the entrance to the field. The ground story of this building housed other offices of an unidentified tyre and the ieception '.ht11 for the air rassengers. The upper story housed the billets of the :ersonnel stationed at the field. toyer ith a`rot ting' radar screen ?~?as located on the eastern side of the 'building. There was also a steel tube antenna m'-st. The instruments of the we'-ther station were -,laced on a site surrounded by a barbed wire fence at the eastern end of the concrete ar-ron that was located between the flight control st!:tion and t're landing field. Sport flyers of the Liga Lotnica stnted th t an underground fuel dump was established under the western section of this concrete arron, -^ith underground gasoline lines 7 to 8 km lanf.r leading to unidentified spots far outside of the field. A refueling point 'with a st-nd pt-e was 1octed next to one ofth,t large hangars along; U1. Lotr:ica . large wntelr _r~anryoir, presumably nor fire exti r_nuishing CLASSIFICATION Brest -u-Gandau A iriield. and Air Activity Observed Over Belau (Wroclaw ) I 25X1 Approved For Release 2008/05/01 : CIA-RDP80-0081 OA007900870009-4 Approved For Release 2008/05/01 : CIA-RDP80-00810A007900870009-4 CONFIDENTIAL purposes, was seen in the eastern section of the field. 4. The field boundary was marked by white lamps and all obstacle lights in the vicinity of the field, such as workshops, smoke stacks of Pafawag Plant and some buildings in the eastern section of Landau were marked by red obstacle lights. A barbed wire fence surrounded thf field and civil sentries were posted at the guardhouse at the entrance gate. Patrols around thefield were not observed. Civilians were temporarily-permitted to enter the field as far-as theair terminal, in particular on those days when there were air displays by the Liga Lotnicza (Aircraft League). 5. A twin-engine commercial aircraft of type DC 3 daily took off at 0630 for ',';arsaw via Lodz and another plane of the same type landed at 1830 coming from ';Jarsaw vi: Lodz. A reserve plane of type DC 3 was permanently stationed at the field and parked in the hangar west of the en trance when seen from U1. Lotnicza. In addition to regular commercial flights, training courses on conventional aircraft and gliders were simultaneously held and listed 3 to 4 months. Air activity by the Liga Lotnicza was discontinued when the commercial aircraft took off and landed. 6. About 3 gliders with fairing fuselage and cabin and 6 to 7 single-engine sport planes with one and two seats were available for day flying by the Liga Lotnicza. At the beginning of each training course, only local flying was practiced by two-seater sports planes. After some time, the student pilots used single-seater aircraft and made wider flights for up to 90 minutes duration. Aerobaties were only observed during air displays and were allegedly conducted by flight instructors. The gliders were towid b;? a sports plane and released in the air. During the first period of training, a flight instructor fle-r with the trainee. Later on, the trainees made solo flights in the vicinity of the field. Some gliders remained aloft for up to 2 hours. It could not be determined if flight training with conventional aircraft was also conducted in unfavorable wenther.1 7. Air activity over Breslau mninly involved single-jet aircraft with consricuausly swept-back ???ings and twin-engine conventional planes. The former aircraft mostly flew in elements of two, with up to 6 aircraft being aloft at the same time. Air activity was only conducted in fair weather or when the sky was cloudy. '",hen the cloud base was high, jet aircraft in elements of two repeatedly flew through the ceiling while the second plane kept the same distance and interval as previously. In July 1954, air-to-air firing from jet aircraft was observed over the town of Breslau. A twin-engine airerFft towed the sleeve target while the jet aircraft attacked 1atera ly fram..the_re.r and fired at a distznceof about 300 meters. These attacks were repeated 5 or 6 times from the left or right side. There was night flying activity in fair we?ther either by conventional or jet aircraft. Searchlights located toward Karlowitz (50 53 N/17 43 E), a suburb of Breslau searched the sky. Ehen the searchlights finally fined on a plane, heavy AA guns fired toward the aircraft.2 Comment. The report confirms that Breslau-Landau airfield in used as 25X1 civiiian airfield at which the Liga Lotnicza also conducts training activity on conventional aircraft and. gliders. 2. ommer~t. The jet fighters observed flying over Breslau are presumably LbAI M-15s from SchoengartenSechawige, airfield where a Polish fighter unit equipp withMIG-15s is believed to be stationed. CONFIDENTIAL Approved For Release 2008/05/01 : CIA-RDP80-00810A007900870009-4 Approved For Release 2008/05/01 : CIA-RDP80-0081 OA007900870009-4 BreslaupGandau Airfield 1 Entrance to airfield 2 Guardhouse with civilian sentries 3 Building housing flight control station and air terminal 4 Tower with radar screen Concrete apron 6 Approximate location of underground fuel dump 7 Large hangar in which one commercial aircraft is .. permanently parked 9 Filling station with stand pipe 9 Water reservoir 10 Large undamaged hangar 11 Zarge damaged hangar 12 Small undamaged hangar 13 Place with rveathar instruments surrounded;bvbarbed wire fence LJ fad UL, LOTN/cZg Approved For Release 2008/05/01 : CIA-RDP80-0081 OA007900870009-4 Approved For Release 2008/05/01 : CIA-RDP80-0081 OA007900870009-4 Approved For Release 2008/05/01 : CIA-RDP80-0081 OA007900870009-4