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Document Creation Date: 
December 14, 2016
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October 30, 2001
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Publication Date: 
August 22, 1949
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PDF icon CIA-RDP80-00926A001400010002-5.pdf4.33 MB
vcn~~rricArtt~rv RESTRICTED/US OFFICIALS ONLY Approved F TML017'4Tf'1112tGEtS1X 09W001RUBTO INFORMATION REPORT CD NO. 25X1A COUNTRY International DATE DISTR. 2-X_Aug 1919 NO. OF PAGES 1 SUBJECT Standards of Medical Education PLACE ACQUIRED 25X1A DATE SUPPLEMENT TO ACQUIRED BY SOURCE REPORT NO. OF THE UNITED STATES WITHIN THE MEAMINO OF THE ESPIONAGE ACT 50 U. S. C.. SI AND 32. AS AMENDED. ITS TRANSMISSION OR THE REVELATION OF ITS CONTENTS IN ANY MANNER TO AN UNAUTHORIZED PERSON IS PRO- HIBITED BY LAW. REPRODUCTION OF THIS FORM IS PROHIBITED. SOURCE THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION 25 1A 7. `< CLASSIFICATION RESTRICTED US OFFICIALS ONLY DOCUMENTARY NO. OF ENCLS. (LISTED BELOW) 25X1X Available on loan from the CIA Library is a report prepared by the World Medical Association from information received from various national medical associations concerning current trends in the standards of medical education. 'The report includes information relative to qualifications;'organization and number of medical' schools in each ootmtry; selection of applicants; curriculum; pre-clinical, and clinical training; internship and ethical cor}duct. Participating countries include: Australia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, (china, Chile, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Erie, France, Greece, Hungary, ~celand, India, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Spain, ?weden, Switzerland, UK, and US. Approved For Release 2001/11/21 : CIA-RDP80-00926AO01400010002-5 092 6A001400 Approved For Releas~'20( 0' C - T%W, VWORT$P~1l8IATION 2 East 103rd Street, New York 29, Ne:nr York R E P O R T on STANDARDS OF MEDICAL EDUCATION (Confidential) 25X1A In an effort to study the current trend in the standards of medical education a questionnaire.was prepared by the World Medical Association and sent to the various national medical associations comprising its membership. The questionnaire included questions relative to qualifications; organization. and number of medical schools in each country; selection of applicants; general scheme of curriculum; preclinical training; clinical training; ex- aminations; internship or practice under supervision; ethical con- duct and student organizations.. Twenty-six (26).national medical associations returned answers to this questionnaire. QUALIFICATIONS It would seem from the answers received from the national. medical associations that medical degrees -and diplomas are awarded in the Netherlands and Spain by the State or Ministry of Education. Luxembourg has no provision for awarding degrees or diplomas as it has no medical school, and in the remaining twenty-three (23) countries degrees or diplomas are awarded by the universities or medical schools. In Belgium, Eire, France and Great Britain, countries having universities or medical schools awarding degrees, diplomas or degrees are also awarded by either a licensing corporation or throuSh the Ministry of Education. All the countries except Australia have official enactments or regulations governing the standards of. medical qua- lification and in Australia, one State, Queensland, has official enactment s . MEDICAL *,,, SCHOOLS urn i~1 (Char MEDICAL The replies from the twenty-six (26) countries cover a total of 238 universities and medical schools and 18 preparatory or'pre-medical schools. Norway re- ported that at present -their accommodations and number are inadequate, but will be adequate when tho school, now under construction, is ready for operation; seven (") national medical associations, Belgium, Czechoslo- Numbers vakia, Hungary, Iceland, Netherlands, Spain and Switzer- land report adequate number of schools and accommoda- tions in schools. In the United States the American Medical Association reports that while the number of schools and accommodations are reasonably adequate there is room for a few additional schools, which are in the process of establishment. Fourteen (1) associations felt that either the number of schools or the accommo- dations and teaching staff are inadequate (see,Table II, page 3-4). Three (3) associations (Cuba, Prance ,and Luxembourg) did not answer this question. In all except one country (India) the medical schools constitute faculties of.universities. In India Relation- they are provided larger by the state although some are ship to provided by voluntary bodies. Great Britain and the Univer'- United States report a few independent or private schools sities in addition to those associated with universities, and ten (10) associations (China, Cuba, Denmark, Eire, France, Iceland, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland) re- port state or local aid to medical schools. All but two (2) national medical associations Teaching (Eire anlcl-France) roport that medical schools are at- Hospitals tached to or associated with hospitals specially or- ganized for toaching purposes. Approved For Release 2001/11/ 0-00926A001400010002-5 RM"Im Its ('b POO Approved For Release 2001/11/21: CIA-R?P8O-00926A001400010002-5 11 ~ -1 e% Segrega- tion in all the countries fror which replies were re- ceived the majority of medical schools are open to both men and women. India has three (3) schools for women only; Chile has one (1) school for men and the United States has three (3) segregated schools. S.loc- t i o n Ago of Entry In the selection of applicants for admission to the medical course, four (Li.) nat zonal medical associa- tions (Belgium, Eire, France and Netherlands) report there is no specific selection except in certain schools in Belgium and one (1) school in Eire in which written examinations are used. Six (6) national medical asso- ciations (Canada, China, Czechoslovakia, Great Britain, India and the United States) report that interviews are used in the selection of students and Chile reports the interview as a method of selection in use in one (1) school; three (3) associations (Canada, India and the United States) report the use of intelligence or aptitude tests while Groat Britain reports their use experimentally, and Cuba, that they are at present being considered. Fifteen (15) national medical associations report the use of written, oral or both wri,tsn and oral examina- tions as a method of selection of applicants; Belgium reports that they are used in certain universities; Fif- teen (15) associations resort tha review of class records of previous school work as a method of selection. (See Table III pages 5-7). Only one (1) association (Canada) reports tho use of all four meths?ds of selection of ap- plicants; the associations in China, Czechoslovakia, Great Britain, India and the United States report use of three (3) of the four methods; six (6) (Bulgaria, Chile, Denmark, Hungary, Now Zealand ani Switzerland) use two of the methods, and nine (9) associations report only one method of selection of applicants in their country. (For specific details see Table III pages 5-7). The usual ac