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December 2, 1972
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16ORAD.Rb Approved For Release 2001/0Ii/).1.BILid ,' P80-01601R In 1967, when the lid was blown off the CIA's operations - which it conducted through phony foundations and the international affairs machinery of George Meany and Jay Lovestone, it was di?closed that more than a mil- lion dollars of CIA money was channeled through the M. J. Ka- plan Fund to finance an outfit called the Institute of Labor Re- search, The real operator of the ILR was one Sacha Volman, who, ?had earlier worked for Radio Free Europe, one-of the CIA pro- paganda networks. The II,R, under .Volman's direction, was given the task of splitting and confusing the forces in Latin America opposing the reaction- ary dictatorships in a number of countries, by setting up "left of center" anti-Communist fronts. Seventeen such parties were set up in Latin American lands by the CIA. through the 1LR's fi- nances and CIA contacts. And. who was the chairman of ILR? Norman Thomas! Was Thomas a conscious colla- boratdr with the CIA? Not likely. I recall the pitiful sight he made when he appeared on a TV screen and frankly admitted he was deceived. Harrington, ? like many reform socialists in the past who have seen the futility of their course, just doesn't want to see the realities of socialist development. now embracing peoples of a third of the. world. In search Of "alter- ? aatives" they either get Swindl- ed into enemy ventures, like the ! CIA operations in Latin America, or they imagine they see "social- ism" in something like Israel. Whether conscious or not, their line in the cud serves the re- actionaries. As for Harrington's repeated ) reminders that he follows the Debs tradition: Debs was a mili- tant fighter. lie hailed the esta- blishment of the Soviet govern- ment as the first socialist state. He militantly fought against the imperialist war of his time and went to. jail for doing so. In all the song years of the war in Indo- ? china,. we have not seen any evi- dence of the Debs tradition in any of. the -wings of Socialist Party before and after the merger. What made possible such mon- strous deception of the head of the Socialist Party? IIarrington's predecessor also was a strong adherent of anti-Communism in the name of what he called "de- mocratic socialism." He naively believed that "left of center" parties in Latin America would be an effective substitute for the militant left and Communist movements spreading across those lands. But shortly before his death he found that the tactic only proved most useful to the CIA for setting up the military didatorships, like those over Brazil, the Dominican Republic, Guatemala and others. Basically,- the deception was the same in the case of Hungary in 1956 and Czechoslovakia in 1968,- as Harrington would find by examining the facts with pre- judice. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000100180001-4 THE VILLAGE VOICE STATINTL ? 7 Dec 1972 Approved For IRelease:2001 /03/04 CIA-RDP80-01601 De riding the press? ? memory: "I'm one step a lead you, Bill. President Sukarno and Exe usive to. the CIA' the Indonesian government know all about this, and they are partic- ularly incensed at having a man of color sent to spy in their ? by Witham Worthy In April 1961, a few days after the unsuccessful Bay of Pigs in- vasion of Cuba, Allen Dulles, at that time the director of the Cen- tral Intelligence Agency, met in off-the-record session with the American Society of Newspaper Editors at their annual conven- tion. i Given the Cuba intelligence, by . 'then obviously faulty, that had en- tered into Washington's rosy ad- vance calculations, he inevitably was pressed to tell: "Just what are the sources of the CIA's infor- mation about other countries?" ? One source, Dulles replied, was U. S. foreign correspondents who are "debriefed" by the CIA on their return home. The usual ,practice is to hole up in a hotel ;room for .several days of intense interrogation. moment and then replied: "Oh, Much of the debriefing, I've about $10,000." Out of the CIA's . . ..learned over the years, is agreed ?petty cash drawer. :to freely and willingly by individu- ; My first awareness of the CIA's world's image of them as spies. In ' 1 newsmen abroad came at the I al newsmen untroubled by the special use of minority-group ' time -of the 1955 Afro-Asian summit conference at Bandung, Indonesia. Through Washington sources (including Marquis Childs of the St; Louis Post Dispatch), Cliff Mackay, then edi- tor of the Baltimore Afro- American, discovered?and told me?that the government was planning to send at least one black correspondent to "cover" the historic gathering. The "conduit" for the expense money and "fee" was the director ? gatherer, differed with brother country." Foster Dulles, the Calvinist diplo- Cold-war readiness to "cooper- mat about the wisdom of the self:' ate" with spy agencies, whether defeating travel bans. motivated by quick and easy Years later, I learned that the money (I've often wondered if U. S. "vice-consul" in Budapest under-the-counter CIA payments who twice came to my hotel to have to be reported on income tax demand (unsuccessfully) ?my returns!) or spurred by a miscon- passport as I transited Hungary ceived patriotism, had its pre- en route home from China in 1957 cedent in World War I and in the was, in fact, a CIA agent revolutionary-eounterrevolu- operating under a Foreign Ser- tionary aftermath. In the summer vice cover. During a subsequent of 1920 Walter Lippmann, his lecture tour, I met socially in wife, and Charles Merz published Kansas City a man who had in the New Republic an exhaus- served his Army tour of duty in two survey of how the New York mufti, on detached service in Times had reported the first two North Africa and elsewhere with years of the Russian revolution. the National Security Agency. Out They found that on 91 occasions? of curiosity I asked him what ' an average of twice a week? would be the "premium" pride for Times dispatches out of Riga, a newsman's debriefing on out-of- Latvia, batressed by editorials, bounds China. He thought for a had "informed" readers that the. revolution had either collapsed or was about to collapse, while at the same time constituting. a "mortal menace" to non-Communist Europe. Lippmann and his as- sociates attributed the misleading coverage to a number of factors. Especially cited in the survey were the transcending win:the- war and anti-Bolshevik passions .of Times personnel, as well as "undue ?intimacy" with Western intelligence agencies. After 1959, when .Fidel Castro came to power after having, ousted the corrupt pro-American, Batista regime, Miami became a modern-day Riga: a wild rumor factory from where Castro's "death" and imminent overthrow were repeatedly reported for sev- eral years. Both in that city of ex- patriates and also in Havana, "undue intimacy" with the CIA caused most North American re- pcmters covering the Cuban revo- lution to echo and to parrot of- ficial U. S. optimism about the Bay of Pigs invasion. In the summer of 1961, on my fourth visit to that revolutionary island, a Ministry of Telecom- munications official told me of a not untypical incident shortly before the invasion. Through mer- cenaries and through thoroughly discredited Batistianos, the CIA was masterminding extensive sabotage inside Cuba?a policy at least one case, as admitted to me by the Latin-American spe- cialist on one of our mass-circula- tion weekly newsmagazines, the debriefing took place very reluc- tantly after his initial refusal to cooperate was vetoed by his supe- riors. But depending on the par- ticular foreign crises or obses- sions at the moment, some of the eager sessions with the CIA debriefers bring handsome re- muneration. Anyone recently re- turned from the erupted Philip- pines can probably name his price.. Despite its great power and its general unaccountability, the CIA dreads exposes. Perhaps because of a "prickly rebel" family repu- tation stretching over three gen- erations, the CIA has never approached me about any of the 48 countries I have visited, including four (China, Hungary, Cuba, and North Vietnam) that hal been placed off-limits by the State Department. But the secret agency showed intense interest in my travels to those ,"verboten" lands. In fact in those dark days, Eric Sevareid once told me. that Allen Dulles, the intelligence of a "moderate" New York-based national organization, 'Supported by many big corporations, that has long worked against employ- ment discrimination. The CIA cash was passeJ to the organiza- tion's diree Lor by a highly placed Eisenhower administratiOn of- ficial overseeing Latin-American affairs who later became gover- nor of a populous Middle Atlantic state, and whose ? brothers and . family foundation have long been heavy contributors to the job op- 1 portunity organization. Because of the serious implica- tions for .a press supposedly free of governmental ties, I relayed this information to the American Civil .Liberties Union. I also toldP Theodore Brown, one of A. Philip Randolph's union associates in the AFL-CIO Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters. Ted's re- . . Approved For.Rretesasies2004103/014iP GIA ren in their elasSrooms. and women where they shop. On one such occasion a bomb went off at 9M8 p. m. Five minutes earlier, at 9.03 p. m., an ambitious U. S. wire-service correspondent filed an ;`urgent press" dispatch from the Western Union , tele- printer in his bureau office, re- porting the explosion that, awk- wardly for him, came five min- utes after the CIA's scheduled time. When that correspondent and most of his U. S. colleagues were locked up for a week or two during the C1A-directed Bay of Pigs invasion' and were then ex- pelled, many U. S. editorial writ- ers were predictably indignant. Except perhaps in Washingtor itself and in the United Nation: delegates' lounge, the CIA': department on journalism probably busier abroad than v..,ti newsmen at home. In 1961, during a . televised interview,. Wallet Lippmann referred casually tc the CIA's bribing of foreigi newsmen (editors as well as tht working press), especially at tin time of critical elections.. All ?ye] the world governments and politi cal leaders, in power and in op position, can usually name theii journalistic compatriots who arl known to be or strongly suspectek of being on the CIA's bountifu payroll. I believe it was Lem Trotsky who once observed tha anyone who engages in in telligence work is always\n- covered sooner or later. ' Even neutralist countric learned to become distrustful U. S. newsmen. In early 3967, Prince Norodom Sihanouk ex- pelled a black reporter after just 24 hours. In an. official statement the Ministry of Information al leged that he "is known to be not only a journalist but also an agent of the CIA." In a number of Afro. Asian countries, entry visas for U. S. correspondents, particularly II on a first visit, can ? be approve( only by the prime minister oi other high official. As recently as a generation ago it would have been unthinkabb for most U. S. editors, publishers newscasters, and reporters to ac quiesce in intelligence de briefings, not to mention les "passive" operations. What Ei 'Marrow denounced as the cold war concept of press and universi ty as instruments of foreign polic: had not yet spread over the land doomed to failure not only In the years before the Secon, because anti-Castro endeavors World War, if any governmen lacked a popular base, but also agent had dared to solicit the cc _ operation lof a William Alle because kindergartens, depart ment stores during shopping C kJ) hours, and similar public places RDP041 60 It /001 800 bombed. In no country toes one C. t (0'3 p-(Pev-T, mobilize mass?support by killing ,0" " 1 BLITZ (India) 25 Nev 19.72 elease 2001/03704-: Ctlimi1mo-o1 (flI jr Qj (k) 3. ?-?-????itit 134.4 i By BOMAN IL TailITA ORTY YEARS AGO, the students in Berlin ? shrieked: "We spit on freedom". That attitude of mind of the German nation enabled Adolf Hitler to bamboozle the electorate and seize power. . CIA activities in our country. A p LA I 0.k) -17-1r143 "4.71 ?Lvt. ?401,1:1 I The alternative to her seems to be chaos and not revolution. For revolution we require character and integrity. Alas, we cannot boast of these characteristics and we witness the dismal spectacle of politicians who blatantly defend - In 1972, another facet of the Two tons of opium and POLITICS OF' HER0Ii4 diseased human mind led Mrs. morphine were seized aboard Patricia Nixon and her hen-wit- a junk in Hong Kong bar- ted daughter, Julie Eisenhower, to bour. This Is-as tbe second It is in this connection I give proclaim in defence of Richard biggest seizure. The two- below a summary of the account Nixon's Vietnam policy that they million-dollar worth of con- which haseNavpio)era yodo4sino'ff121e1 Sop- were willing to immolate them- traband narcotics is part of York nevi selves on behalf of the Saigon the CIA-mastermint ded drug tpeorni ibuccrs 409f72ireArobinook inc n tsi euclth The . stooge, '.1"hien. traffic to Souh-Ea st A a sin a ?Asia lw Alfred W. McCoy was to THAT EN:PLAINS TO A CETI- countries to lullthe titzlennetriienati(1) be published ,by the Nv ell-known submission to TADN EXTENT WHY THE ill. publishers, Harper & Row, A R AT C on .A N ELECTORATE June 1, ? 1972, Cord Meyer, BROUGHT ABOUT A LAND- One would have thought that a CIA official SLIDE VICTORY FOR RI- this repulsive record wa's enough York office of ? vHairsplecrd&thielowNaenwd CHAIM NIXON, THE MOST for any decent roan to renounce requested the ?management to CONTEMPTIBLE, THE 0sT /-4 Nixon In disituA However the .. , . m provide him with a copy of the L UNOVET) FiGuitr, IN ANTE- American ballot ? box turned v galley-proofs of McCoy's. forth- - :. RICAN POLITICS Or THE to be another idiot box, And the - TWENTIETH CE.NTERY. most affluent society In the wc)rld coming book. THE REASON W'S THAT 'showed itself as the most sick mn. mceo BLACK RECORD society, Con IN THIS 1;001i i'.equently one must WAS? SHOWING THE COMPLyY- sclY farewell not only to tile Arne- IA AND Tin?, C rican Dream but to freedom at CITY OF Tin3 Richard ? Nixon's re-election Ds large. STATE DEPARTMENT IN Oft- Presider.t of the US proves cern- GA NISH,TG so II T IT EAST plete erosion of . moral values in SICK SOCIETY ASIAN DRUG TRAFFIC S1NCE? American society. What has been the record of this man as Brest- To advance my thesis I muet At this very time the author, deet of the US in the last four turn to The New York Review of Alfred McCoy, was testifyin!, be- years? Books of 21 September, 1172, the fore. the Senate Appropriations Notwithstanding the pantomime sea-mail copy which has just or- Committee his findings into the mimicry of Dr: Rissinger's secret ' rived in Bombay. Before doing so Southeast Asian drug traffic. Mc- ir-?geti71 ions Nv t h Hanoi, Nixon I may be permitted a pertinent Coy's researches included. during has int:nsified the Vietnam War. aside. 18 months of study more than 210 . He has devastatA North and In the midst of all this, the interviews with heroin, dealers,. Fouth Vietnam with fifteen mil- "While Russians" of Indian so- Police officials and intelligence lion tons of bombs and a million ciety are up in arms as their on- agents in Europe and Asia. ? Asians 'dead. And ope is Inclined ginals were trying to attack and It. was Cord Meyer's contention to agree with I.F.Stone, the cele- dislodge Lenin. The Indira Gov- that Mr. McCoy's book would be brated American columnist, that ernment is subjected to the most full of inaccuracies. It would em- the Vietnam 'War may go On un vicious attacks from the deshi barrass the United ?States govern- til 1978, "White Russians." They seem to merit and perhaps involve the Richard Nixon has lowered the forget that drought is not an publishers in libel suits. (As a respect for the United States Indian phenomenon only. It pre- CIA official, Cord Meyer had been Supreme Court by appointing wills in the Soviet Union and in in the past in charge of provid- non-enlities ready to carry out Maoist China as well as in India. jng financial subsidies to organ- thCir master's will. It has compelled Russia and isations such as the National Stu- He has bullied the national China to buy American wheat (lents' Association, Encounter worth billions of dollars in hard magazine, and the Congress for ? press into subservience and With his secret electoral funds of C.45 cash. Cultural Cultural Freedom.) 'million, provided by the military- ? Drought is not the only Indian industrial complex, bought. tele- calamity. Corruption. at all levels vision to portray him every night in our society has brought about as a man of peace hijacking his a state of -affairs which can only The publishers got in touch with way to Peking and Moscow, end in chaos. We are a corrupt the author and informed him that He has employed electronic de- and degraded lot. There is no they had decided to let the CIA -vices to spy on his political' op- doubt about it, But who is there examine the galley-proof?. The patients, The list can go on, in our country today to replace reasons given by the publishers Approved ForRelease 2001/03/04.: CIA=RD0PV-01po1R000100180001C4litirf"1 . ? ? Indira Gandhi? . . CIA CENSORSHIP 0 STATI NTL ti:)e 'BOX 3 ZAREPHATH, N. J. STAT NTL era) of iiirccbo NOVEMBER 24, 1972 And Country. STATINTL VOL. XXII No. 9 THE KAPLANS OF THE C.I.A. One of the most bizarre accounts of covert CIA financing, espionage, Communist activities and murder involves Jacob Merrill Kaplan or his nephew Joel David Kaplan. Jacob M. Kaplan was born in Lowell, Mass. on December 23, 1893, the son of David Kaplan and the former Fannie Gertz (a 1938 biography refers to his mother as Fannie Levin). After attending public schocils? in Massachusetts, Kaplan spent ten years in semi-tropical: Latin American sugar-prodUcing countries. On June 20, 1925 he married Alice Manheim and they had four children: Joan Felice (Mrs. C. Gerard Davidson), Elizabeth (Mrs. Gonzalo Fonseca), Richard David, and Mary Ellen. ? In 1920 Jacob Kaplan organized the Oldetyme Molasses Company and served as its president until it was merged with Dunbar Molasses Company in 1924. In 1928 he sold the entire company and became president of J.M. Kaplan and Brothers, Inc. and later the Kaplan Holding Corp. In 1.934 he established the Molasses Products Corp. He and his half-brother, Abrim Isaac Kaplan, became millionaires known as the "molasses kings." In the hearings known as Appendix IX of the Special Committee on Un-American Activities of the U.S. Congress, page 1085, it was revealed that J.M. Kaplan' was affiliated with the American Committee for the Settlement of Jews in Biro Bidjan (in the Soviet Union). This organization was cited as a Communist front which had its own worldwide propaganda campaign for the purpose of getting Jews to emigrate to a province of the Soviet Union. The organization was subsequently cited as subversive by an Attorney General of the U.S. . By 1932 Jacob Kaplan was president and chairman of the board of Hearn Department Stores, Inc.; he became president of the American Dry Ice Corp. the following year, and in 1945 became president. of Welch Grape Juice, Inc. of New York. He was also an Approved For Release 2001/03/04 ? official of the Ronier Corp., Jemkap Inc., and Southwestern Sugar and Molasses Co., Inc. He was a director of the New Mexico Lumber and Timber Company and president and director of the J.M. Kaplan Fund, Inc., which he originally started in 1942. Jacob Kaplan received considerable publicity when it was disclosed that through his J.M. Kaplan Fund, Inc. of 55 Fifth Avenue, New York City, at least a million dollars of CIA funds were dispensed to such leftist organizations as the Institute of International Labor 'Research, Inc. This outfit which has also been knoWn as Labor Research, Inc., maintains an office at 113 East 37th Street, N.Y.C. It was headed by the late Norman Thomas, Chairman of the Socialist Party of the United States, at the very time CIA turned over nearly $1 million to it for the purpose of financing what the New York TIMES of February 22, 1967, described euphemistically as "17 left-of-center parties throughout Latin America." Secretary?Treasurer of the Institute ? of Labor Research was Sacha Volman, who set up radically leftist "institutes" in Costa Rica and the Dominican Republic. According to Otilia.Ulate, former President of Costa Rica, the San Jose Institute supported only those Parties which "have the characteristic features which make them identical in doctrine and homo- genous in political and social attitudes with Russian CoMmunism." Ulate said that all democratic parties opposed to the Marxist regime in Cuba were excluded from this offshoot of the Norman Thomas and Sacha Volman Institute. Through the Dominican Institute, using CIA funds, Volman promoted political careers for such key Communists ?as the notorious Juan Bosch. Sacha Volman had close ties with comrades throughout Latin America and was neck-deep in the Marxist -Leninist "Center of Research in Economic and Social Development" at Santo Domingo. This organization : CIA-RDP80-01601R000100180001-4 ? - Approved For Release 2001/08/04 : CIA-RDP80-01601R000100180001-4 (CIDES) was financed by the CIA, the U.S. State General WESSIN. Angel Miolan is a Communist, Department and the Ford Foundation. When his ? and I say that he is a Communist because in order to intelligence organization infiltrated CIDES, General be secretary ,of Vicente Lombardo Toledano for 10 Wessin y Wessin of the Dominican Republic found it years you have to be a Communist. to be a Communist training and indoctrination Mf. SOURWINE. Vicente Lombardo Toledano was operation. Sacha Volman was an instructor in that an outstanding Communist, was h.e not? . operation and was the man who, with State Depart- General WESSIN. Yes, sir. He was, in fact, head of 'tient and CIA direction, promoted Communist Juan all Communist political activities in Mexico . . Posch all the way to the Presidency of the Dominican ? Mr: SOURWINE. Now, who is Socha Volman? Republic. General WESSIN. He Was a Rumanian brought there Volman is suspected of being a Soviet agent by Juan Bosch. I don't know him. ssigned to Latin American Affairs. He was born in Mr. SOURWINE. Did you consider him a 'Com- Russia, lived in Romania and came to the United munist? tates as a "refugee." He is now a U.S. citizen and has been living at 245 East 8th St., N.Y.C. In the General WESSIN. In my country there is a saying I learings of the Senate Internal Security Sub-com- that says tell me with whom you go, and I will tell inittee on "The Communist Threat to the United you who you are." (End of Quote) !iitates Through the Caribbean," General Wessin y Also involved with the Communist-oriented CIDES Wessin testified under oath about Volman's CIA organization was Supreme Court Justice William 0. operation: (Quote) Douglas. The Parvin. Foundation, of which Douglas was a member of the board of directors, joined with Mr, SOURWINE. Now, you spoke of 40 Corn- the National Association of Broadcasters and CIDES timnist indoctrination centers operating in the to produce "educational" films. According to the 1)ominican Republic under Juan Bosch. Did these New York TIMES of February 22, 1967, Douglas centers operate openly as a Communist operation? became a member of the board of CIDES, winch administered the film .project in the field. The General WESSIN. Openly: "educational" films and the CIDES Communist train- Mr. SOURWINE. Did they display Communist ing school had to be abandoned when President lionners or signs? Bosch attempted an open Communist takeover and General WESSIN. One of these schools located on was overthrown by a military coup late in 1963. The Caracas Street No. 54 displayed the Soviet flag. CIA had been financing an effort to turn the Dominican Republic into another Cuba. Mr. ,SOURWINE. The Soviet flag? Not just a Communist banner with a hammer and sickle, but the In 1952 Jacob Kaplan became a trustee of the New soviet flag? School for Social Research on West 12th Street in New York City, well-known as a Marxist-oriented General WESSIN. It was the red flag with the school. In 1956 Kaplan was honored, along with two nammer and sickle. others, when an 8-story annex of a new school Mr. SOURWINE. Now, do you know where these building was named for him. A 4-story building on i:enters were operated? You named the location of 1 1 th Street was named for Albert A. List, president :me. Can you tell us where others were? of the Glen Alden Corp., and the main college General. WESSIN. In the school Padre Villini building on 12th Street was named for Dr. Alvin Calle-Mercedes. This building, in spite of the fact that Johnson, long a professor at the New School for A belonged to the Government, was turned over to Social Research. Dr. Johnson was reported to be a the Communist Dato Pagan Perdomo to install a supporter of the late Communist Congressman Vito --,chool of political science. Marcantonio, and according to. published reports., was There was another one, which went under the affiliated with a long list of Communist fronts. initials of ?CIDES located in the farm, or Finca Jaina In 1968 ground was broken in New York City. for iitioza. In this school, the teachers were among the the construction of an apartment complex, originally ii)thers, Juan Bosch, Angel Miolan, and Sacha Volman. estimated to cost $10 million, to provide low income Mr. SOUIMINE. On of those names has come Up i housing for artists, writers, sculptors, musicians, before. 0neFffr.9,Y19Piita.rigqigksgigrAc19A/P4 : CIA-BRA0aQi 61Rim0ill0d80004-4ulture." The ivas Angel Miolan? project was a joint venture of the J.M. Kaplan Fund and the National Council on the Arts, both of which made graiptbiy0176W,M. fatiffgais Loans to finance the project were ma. e ?Ey the. Federal Housing Administration. The property was purchased from Bell Laboratories for $21/2 million by the Westbeth Corp., anon-profit organization formed by the Kaplan Fund. Mrs: Joan Davidson, daughter of Jacob Kaplan, told the New York TIMES "The ? Federal Housing Administration has been very broad- minded, helpful and reasonable and has waived their usual requirements in several areas." Kaplan's daughter, Joan, had married Crow Girard Davidson on. December 20, 1953 and they were divorced in March of 1967. Davidson was a member of the Democratic National Committee and had been Assistant Secretary of the Interior from 1946 to 1950. On page 5291 of the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee hearings on the Institute of Pacific ? Relations, exhibit 1294 is a letter to Davidson from. Edward Carter, President of the IPR, indicating a close. relationship. On May 20, 1970, the New York TIMES reported the formal opening of Westbeth, the world's largest housing project for artists which has cost $13 million so far. Speaking on the occasion, in addition to Mayor John Lindsay, was Rev. Howard L. Moody of the Judson Memorial Church, long a supporter of leftist causes. Jacob M. Kaplan and his half-brother, Abrim Isaac, niade millions in sugar and molasses, principally in Cuba and the Dominican Republic. Abrim died in ? 1959 and his wife, Mrs. Ray Kempner Kaplan of N.Y., died in May, 1965. Joel .David Kaplan, age 45, the son of Abrim and Ray, became a partner in the ? Kaplan interests in Central and South America. Kaplan had been living at 215 E. 75th St., N.Y.C., and married a New York model, Bonnie Sharie, on October 14, 1956. The marriage was a stormy one and Was terminated after Bonnie charged her husband with cruelty and told N.Y. Supreme Court Justice Thomas Aurelio that in one year of married life her husband had beaten her 20 times. Eventually she was awarded $200 a week alimony but Kaplan was constantly in arrears. .Joel Kaplan established an independent molasses business in Peru and trucking firms in Texas and Oklahoma. He subsequently entered into an official partnership with Luis M. Vidal, jr., the godson. of the late General Rafael Trujillo of the Dominican Republic. Vidal, Jr. was the personal unofficial ? representative or business agent for the Dominican Republic during a number of years while Trujillo headed the government. Luis Melchoir Vidal, Sr., an importer, has been a consultant to U.S. Government CIA- OticoosiNdosowl AAA% lad influential nen s o h ms a mn . . During the 1950's Vidal teamed up with Joel Kaplan and, under cover of either the Paint Company of America or the American Sucrose Company, they operated throughout Latin America reportedly as agents of the CIA, supplying arms to anti-Communist governments and movements. Joel Kaplan, however, was on the left and reportedly also supplied guns for Communist guerrillas in Guatemala, Nicaragua, Hon- duras, and Cuba, while Vidal was selling arms to anti- Communists and anti-Castro Cubans. It was also re- ported that Kaplan had even shortchanged the guerrilla leaders by supplying less arms than were paid for. The business partnership ended abruptly with the murder of Vidal. It is believed that Vidal learned of his partner's dealings with the Communist guerrillas and there was a falling out. On November 18, 1961 the decomposed and bullet-torn body of a man, subsequently identi- fied as that of Luis M. Vidal, Jr., was found in a shallow grave off a lonely road between Mexico city and Cuernavaca. Kaplan, who had been in Mexico; returned to New York where he learned that Mexican authorities wished to question him concerning the death of his partner. Kaplan left the U.S. and went to Madrid, . Spain where he was arrested in the spring of 1962 by Louis . Pozo, the Spanish Chief of Interpol (inter- national police agency). After a week in a Madrid jail, Kaplan was returned to Mexico to face trial for premeditated murder. Kaplan was represented at the trial .by Victor Velasquez, a prominent Mexican at- torney and associate of Louis Nizer of New York. The defense claimed that the body of the murdered man was not Vidal but the Mexican authorities produced Vidal's wife who identified the deceased as her husband. Tremendous pressures were brought to bear on both sides and and attempt had allegedly, been made to obtain $200,000 from Kaplan as the price for quashing the case. It was revealed that -just before the murder, Kaplan had entered Mexico with a false passport issued to Albert Richard Yates, age 30, a British seaman, and that two other men accom- panied him. One was a Russian-born naturalized American, Evsai Petrushansky; the other, who claimed -Israeli citizenship, had a passport issued to Earl Scott. He later identified himself as Harry Kopelson, a merchant from Tel Aviv. He also was charged with the murder but was acquitted. Petrushansky was not ? brought to trial. Kaplan was convicted in Mexico City ? of premeditated murder and was sentenced to serve .28 years in prison. A number of appeals were filed beginning in '1965, until finally his last appeal was, Approved For Release 2001/03/04 : CIA-RDP80-018.01R000100180001-4 ? 3? Approved For Release 2001/03/04 turned down by the Mexican Supreme Court in 1968. In the meantime, in May of 1965 Kaplan's lawyers had revealed to authorities that he had acquired a new wife, 25-year old Irma Vasquez Calderon, and that they were married by proxy. Under Mexican law, wives are permitted conjugal visits with prisoners. While the appeals were fizzling out, Joel Kaplan's divorced sister, Judy. Kaplan Dowis, age 40, qf Sausalito, Calif., undertook a series of attempts, both legal and extra-legal, to get her brother out of the Mexican prison. These included attempting to bribe high Mexican Government officials, planning escapes and even producing a defrocked Roman Catholic priest who claimed that the murdered man, Luis Vidal, was alive and that he had married Vidal to a woman named Lucia Magana. This and numerous tther plans and plots were unsuccessful. Judy then made contact with Victor D. Stadter, reportedly a 1)ig-t1me smuggler, who lives in a 16-room house on a 10-acre estate in Glendora, Calif. Stadter, now 52 years old, had spent five years in the federal penitentiary at Lewisburg, Pa. after being convicted in he U. S. District Court in Brooklyh in connection 'ith a narcotics conspiracy case. Stadter worked out a plan for Kaplan's escape. He purchased a Bell Aircraft model 47 helicopter in. t L'asper, Wyoming for $65,000; he also acquired a fast single engine Cessna 210 aircraft and had both of Jtein registered in the name of M. Milandra. On August 18, 1971 at 6:37 P.M., the helicopter, piloted ;.)y Roger. Guy Hersliner, age 29, formerly of Glen- dora and noW of Ontario, California, was set down in the prison courtyard. Within 20 seconds it was aloft with Kaplan and his cellmate, Carlos Antonio Con- 1reras Castro, age 36, who was serving a sentence for ::?ounterfeiting and forgery. The helicopter flew ap- n?oximately 100 miles away where a plan piloted by ..itadter was waiting to take them to Brownsville, Texas where they boarded another small plane which Look them to Sausalito, Calif. where sister Judy lived. Through Victor Stadter it was learned that Kaplan Tent. three months in Stadter's Glendora home after lhe escape: In a dispatch from Mexico City, dated August 20, 1971, the U.P.I. reported that the Mexican police asked the U.S. F.B.I. to seek and arrest a New Yorker who had escaped by helicopter from the Mexican lederal penitentiary. The dispatch stated that Victor Valesquez, Kaplan's defense attorney, claimed that -1iis client was an agent Of the CIA. On September 6, 1971 'the New York TIMES reported that a spokes- man for the U.S. Department of Justice said that Kaplan was NOT souJb ie FBI arhdn.glaitjae, formal intaPsPrEfielteg-thsag4RalV tu MMetYri+ 'Government in obtaining the return of Kaplan even : CIA-RDP80-01601 R000100180001 -4 ? though he was an escaped convict. It was subse- quently learned ? that Kaplan's two friends, who entered Mexico with him 'prior to the murder, had been involved previously in European espionage activities (not on behalf of the U.S.). Reporters who interviewed members of the Kaplan family after his escape obtained little information. His sister, Mrs. Dowis, refused all information and referred ques- tioners to her attorney, Vasilios Choulos of San Francisco. Kaplan and his Mexican-born second v.vife are reportedly living in the vicinity of Sante Fe, N.M. where the Kaplan family is said to have property and business interests. The CIA involvement in the death of General Trujillo has been documented. Arturo Espaillat ex- 'plains in "Trujillo: The Last Caesar" that "The arrival of weapons from the Government of the, United States was, for the plotters, tangible evidence that the might of the United States was behind them. Without that support there would simply have been no conspiracy. Trujillo had put together a powerful political-military machine which could only have been destroyed by intervention from the outside world." And the State Department had decreed that Rafael Trujullo, our most reliable anti-Communist ally in the Caribbean, must die. The CIA did the job. Luis Vidal, godson of General Trujillo, was also murdered by the CIA. On the other hand, Joel Kaplan lives comfortably on his inherited fortune, unmolested by the U.S. Department of Justice in spite of his involvement in supplying arms to Communist guerrillas and revolu- tionaries. His illegal smuggling of arms, use of false passports, murder conviction and finally his escape from the Mexican prison are seemingly olno interest to U.S. authorities. The CIA works in mysterious ways its murders to perform and its murderers to protect. Extra copies of this issue 50c 5 for Si 50 for $5 100 for $10 Books by Frank A. Capell The Strange Death of Marilyn Monroe $2 00 The Untouchables ? Book I & II (each) 2.50 Robert F. Kennedy ? A Political Biography .50 Special discounts on quantity purchases. Usual bookstore discounts allowed. THE HERALD OF FREEDOM AND METROPOLITAN' REVIEW is published every other Friday by The Herald of Freedom, P.O. Box 3, Zarephath, N. J. 08890 Subscription $10 per year, $6 for 6 months Frank A. Capell, Ed. & Publisher, Tel. (201) 469-2088 Office- larephath, N. J. Entered as Second Class Matter at U.S. Post Ott K$, CIA-RDP801204694R000100180001 -4 IiK CIE;NCE MONITOR. Approved For Release 2001/08i :1A-RDP8OL016 Kremlin exploits anti-CM charges ..???=.01=..VIMPUS ANNIIMIMMO? - Om ????V1011*????IPPIINMIF.??????WM:?????AMMIIM?M?.....1 Soviets eatirmitini 0 .. _ . By Charlotte Saikowski sionary groups were located in strategic defense regions. The Christian Science Monitor - Staff correspondent of the CIA, working through such philanthropic ? Washington organizations as - Asia Fund, was inciting For weeks now the Russians have been separatist sentiments in Nagaland and trying ,shrilly playing up India's charges that the to sour relations between India and Bangla- VCentral Intelligence Agency (CIA) is med- desh as well As between India and the Soviet cluing in its internal affairs. Union. It described these alleged activities in Sensitive about their own relationship with minute detail. New Delhi, the Soviets appear to be trying to As U.S. officials assess it, the Soviet drive an even deeper wedge between India campaign must be viewed against the back- and the United States and to prevent the two drop of Moscow's own position in India. That, from moving toward any healing dialogue, despite the treaty of friendship, has never ? If the Kremlin's vociferous anti-CIA cam- been as firm as the Russians would like and paign points up anything, say U.S. officials, it they apparently want to shore it up. Is that the detente between the Soviet Union Economic relations with New Delhi, for . and the United States does not put an end to instance, have been complicated over the the political or ideological rivalry of the two past few years. The Indians, for one, have not powers. Moscow continue to pursue its own been willing to give the Soviets the desired national interests and in the given case that credits. interest lies in expanding its own influence in A coolish Kremlin view of the Indian southern Asia and removing that of the economy is reflected in a recent commentary Americans. . in the Soviet monthly Peoples of Asia and i The Russians also are trying to discredit Africa on the 25th anniversary of India's U.S. relations with the Philippines. On Oct. 25 independence. The article points out that Moscow Radio, in an English broadcast to India is on the capitalist road of development Asia, said that Washington is irritated b.y the and that the. socialist program of the Con- recent developments in Manila and sug- gress Party is not socialist by Soviet stan- gested that the CIA had been involved in dards. . . engineering and financing actions against the Firm base in question Marcos government. The Russian reader is thus left with the Indian allegations against the CIA were impression that Soviet relations with India first leveled by the head of the Congress are not based on ideological affinity and Party late in September. They were then therefore are not firmly based. picked up by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi The Kremlin's concern is understandable. and, although they have never been substan- Some segments of Indian opinion are critical tiated, they have stirred a storm in Indian of the Russian influence on the subcontinent politics. and generally the Indians are thought to Some Indian media have in effect blamed place too high a value on their independence the American intelligence organization for to fall under the Soviet thumb. India's domestic troubles. Hence the Soviet leadership may not be too confident about the stability of its relations Soviets exploit situation with New Delhi and the anti-CIA campaign The Russians moved in quickly to exploit can be interpreted as an effort to make sure the situation and Soviet news media have that there are continuing problems between the United States and India and that the kept up a Steady drumfire of accusation, often citing elaborate particulars that do not current alienation is not patched up. U.S. officials express dismay at the present . even appear in the Indian Press. coolness in Indian-American relations ? In sum, they charge the CIA is engaged in a engendered in part by Washington's policies toncerted program of subversion aimed at "undermining India's political and economic during the Indo-Pakistani crisis, the CIA Independence" and whitewashing the impe- allegations, and New. Delhi's pro-Hanoi posi- " rialist aggressive policy of the United States tion on the Vietnam war ? and would welcome moves toward a dialogue. But this is In Asia." The Soviets say the CIA is using scholars, scientists, and teachers in this seen to be a difficult process given Mrs. effort. Gandhi's present mood. - . . Meanwhile, the Russians are having a field Varied ruses charged ' day. _ Broadcasting in English to Asia on Oct. 20, to cite an example, the Moscow-sponsored . ilis.4tilie CIA Za01 /03/04 : CIA-RDP80-01601R000100180001-4 had Radio aPnYti[Vs19#041M1#41 missionaries and that many of these mis- ? . STATINTL NEW YORK TIMES Approve?VONalease 2001/%340krW2RDP80-016 Bloodbaths in Vietnam: le Mea and the Myth ? By Robert F. Turner -STANFORD, Calif.?Administration spokesmen have argued that the United States cannot unilaterally withdraw from Vietnam without in- viting a vast bloodbath. In support of this thesis, they assert that following the Communist takeover in North Viet- nam in 1951 a massacre occurred resulting in the killing of more than 50,000 people and the indirect deaths of hundreds of thousands more. Critics of the Administration have recently charged that no bloodbath took place in the North?that President Nixon's apparent concern is founded on a myth. I have been to Vietnam three times, twice working for the North Viet- namese Affairs Division of a branch of the U.S. Embassy in Saigon. My duties included following the North Vietnamese ,radio and press, studying captured documents and interviewing important North Vietnamese and Viet- cong defectors. Having a personal in- terest in the early days of the Commu- nist regime in North Vietnam, I discussed the "bloodbath" with many defectors frov various areas of North Vietnam who had been present during the period in question. It should be noted that several of these individuals had been Communist party members and active participants in the so-called "bloodbath"--eit her as specially trained cadres or as "people's court" judges. On the basis of these interviews and other evidence accumulated during the past eight years, I am convinced that there was in fact a large-scale purge of opposition elements following the Communist takeover in North Vietnam, and that its magnitude was sufficient to warrant the label "bloodbath," The purge took the form of a "land re- form." However, it was clear to most observers that an incorrect political standpoint was as likely as economic prosperity to bring a death sentence. It is difficult to determine the actual human cost of the "land reform" be- cause no official figures are available and those- witnesses who have escaped the Communist North seldom are knowledgeable about events onside of their own village or province. It is known that the party established a quota of at least five "landlords" for execution in each village. To Van Xiem, a Communist party member since 1950 who served on the planning committee in Thaibinh Prov- ince, reports 31 executions out of 5,000 resiclen s in Coat villag for reasons which. are too complicated to detail here, the number of execu- tions was probably smaller than that. Most Vietnam schlolars, including Hoang Van Chi and the late Bernard Fall, accept the figure of 50,000 exe- cutions. The "people's court" executions, however, accounted for only a small part of the total vici.ims of the "land reform." Far more numerous were the "class enemies" who committed suicide rather than face Communist justice, and the wives and children of "land- lords" who died of starvation under the "isolation' policy." The most thorough study of the "land reform" to date is Hoang Van Chi's excellent book, "From Colonial- ism to Communism," which concludes that the total vicx`ims of the purge numbered nearly 500,000. I have found nothing in my own research to dispute this estimate, and I am quite sure that the victims numbered in six digits. . All of the defectors are in agreement that a Communist "land, reform" in South Vietnam would dwarf the blood- bath which occurred in the North. Cap- tured Vietcong documents and state- ments by high-ranking defectors indi- cate that the Vietcong have between three and five million names on "blood debt" lists for punishment in the future. Two leading British authorities ?P. J. Honey and Sir Robert Thomp- son--have estimated that a Vietcong bloodbath would result in over one million deaths. Unfortunately, the re- sults of my own research support such an ominous conclusion. Robert F. Turner is a research asso- ciate at the Hoover Institution on War, Re.voitiCon and Noce at Stanford Uni- versity. By D. Gareth Porter ITHACA, N. Y. President Nixon now justifies continued United States mil- itary involvement in Vietnam in large part by portraying Vietnamese Com- munist leaders as bloodthirsty fanatics who would order a massive "blood- bath" against their former foes if they were to gain power in South Vietnam ?one which would be even worse than the present daily, bloodletting. in sup- port of that argument, he has charged that the North Vietnamese Govern- ment carried out wholesale liquida- tions during the land reform from single source: the book "From Colonial- ism to Communism" by Hoang Nan Chi. A native of North Vietnam who left for Saigon early in 1955, Mr. Chi has been presented to the American public as an authoritative source on the land reform, with intimate knowl- edge of Communist party policy. But a careful examination of his account and of the original documents in Viet- namese discloses a series of distor- tions and fabrications which totally misrepresents the land reform program. On the basis of Hoang Van . Chi's gross mistranslations of key passages, General Vo Nguyen Giap's speech on land reform errors .in October, 1956, has been quoted frequently as proof of a reign of terror in the North. As translated by Mr. Chi, the speech ap- pears to admit that terror, torture and execution of innocent people had been official policy. But in the original Viet- namese text, Giap says nothing of the sort. This complete alteration of Giap's statement was accomplished by no less than eight serious mistranslations in three sentences. This distortion by mis- translation was no mistake; Mr. Chi 0;?1'."!: ftlarximialaISMMI ff C..tql tt".34,7.,-:.1 Q./ E?'?iv ? has now admitted, in an interview with The Washington Post, that he departed from an accurate translation in order to impart the "true meaning" of the documents in question. In many cases, he has simply in- vented evidence to support his charges. For example, in order to prove that the purpose of the land reform was to physically destroy the landlord class, ? he quotes the main slogan of the land reform as exhorting cadres to "liqui- date the landlords." But the slogan in question said, "Abolish the feudal re- )gime _of landownership in a manner that is discriminating, methodical and under sound leadership." In fact, only those landlords guilty of specific These figure, Wv ECM leage-42004/03/04 ? CIPrR9P80-01601R000100180001-4 for every 160 to 170 people, which Nixon's charges, like ii 1a a ega- Cons in secondary sources on the land projected nationd wie. would suggest bOritinUCd STATI NTL --,-,t;"..r. reform. are based ultimately on a SAN FRAAporotiediear Release 2001/03/04 : CIA-RDP80- EXAM=R E - 204,749 EXAMINER & CHRONICLE S-640,p04,? Mr 1. t) By Betty Flynn . NEW YORK ? (CDN) ?Frances .IFitzgerald. at 31. is a woman of con- siderable beauty, education and im- peccable social background. The sort of tall, aristocratic blonde one would expect to find running charity balls in. New York hotels or taking tennis lessons at the country club. Instead, Miss Fi t z ger ald has emerged as the author of a book the major_ critics are hailing as the best book ever written about American involvement in Vietnam. Its title is "Fire in the Lake: the Vietnamese and the Americans in Vietnam," a 441-page work recently published by Atlantic-Little Brown ($12.50) which places the U.S. mili- tary presence in Vietnam against a complex background of Indochinese history, sociology, religion, culture and contemporary politics. "When I went to Saigon first in 1966 as a free-lance journalist, I found a Lind of Alice-in-Wonderland atmosphere ? stupidly gay parties with rodk bands and banquet-like meals, while outside death and de- struction rained down." she said. "It was completely surreal. "I thought at that point the trou- ble is nobody understands this place. If they only understood it bet- ter they wouldn't ? be doing these _ things.. I thought I could explain some of these things." ? Frankie, as she. is known to her friends, decided to stay in Vietnam, and, for nearly a year, write about the war from the point of view of the Vietnamese for an odd assort- ment of publications ? the Village Voice, Vogue, New York Times Magazine a 11(1 Atlantic Monthly among them. Her reports were lucid and per- ceptive, and the society-girl-on-a- lark image gave way to a healthy respect from her military contacts and other journalists. - "It was. a probtem" she sa'ys now. "FdPippriowlepaRortReLe miles from Saigon in an insecure area ? that ;means there are too STATI NTL _r 6-7) Tinii could feel the horror at what is that girl doing here?" ? In a way, Miss Fitzgerald's background prepared her admirably for the kind of sophisticated, intel- lectual approach she has taken to her reporting and writing. Born Oct. 21, 1940, In New York City, she was the first daughter of attorney Desmond Fitzgerald, Dep- uty Director of the Central Intelli- gence Agency when he died in 1967, . and Marietta Peabody, of the Mas- sachusetts elite, liberal-minded Pea- body family. Her grandmother. Mrs. Malcolm Peabody, was arrested a few years back for participating in a Florida civil rights demonstration. Her mother divorced Fitzgerald. shortly after World War II and mar- ried Ronald Tree, a wealthy British businessman and former Member of Parliament. They have another daughter, Pen- elope Tree, now 22. Mrs. Tree was a close friend of Adlai Stevenson, and served as a special UN Representative when Stevenson was U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Frankie recalls touring Africa with Stevenson. her mother and a small group of friends in. 1957 when she was 16. "We wanted desperately to see what we jokingly called darkest At- rica "Finally, in the Congo, the Belgi- an officals arranged for a small plane to take us out into the bush. For the first time all the women put on the safari clothes they had brought. We landed in the. middle of a tiny airstrip?and there were a group of about 30 Belgian officials in white uniforms with their wives in these marvelous little pink linen pastel sheaths with pearls waiting to take us in a procession of Cadil- lacs past all these little school chil- i dren waving flags. ''Tb e procession went slowly asei20111/031/04p:peIARREAP a Belgian official's villa where ? waiting for us ? was a dinner STATI NTL Later in the same trip, the group visited Albert Schweitzer in what was then French Equatorial Africa. "Ile came to the airport in these enormous canoes rowed by sweating natives," Frankie says. "He was a very old man at the time, tall, slen- der with that marvelous craggy Beethoven-like head but with finer features. "By some error I got into the same boat with him. My French was not good then and we both were nervous. He just refused to speak." She looks well in the tailored beige safari slack suit she is wear- ing, similar to the fatigues she often wore in Vietnam slogging through rice paddies to outlying hamlets. Her hair is long, straight, streaky blonde, she has large, round blue- green eyes and wears very little makeup. Her manner is straightfor- ward and confident. "One has to. come to some sort of ;terms with how you want to live and what you want to do," she says, slp- ping a beer between bites of a sand- wieh- in a Broadway coffee shop. "And when you do that you cut off a lot of choices. You're just not going to marry the boy you thought was so wonderful in college because he's probably now a dreary banker. You have to select your own spot in Miss Fitzgerald has not yet mar- - ried, but says she "doesn't rule it out." "The trouble is when you find someone interesting and attractive, you may have an impossible life, the kind you just can't lead togeth- er. And age does narrow one's choices. On the other hand, so many of my friends who married early ; tire now divorced because they didn't know what they were going to turn into." She attended Dalton, and was graduated magna cum 'antic in 1962 from Radcliffe, where she majored in Middle Eastetrn I listory. 80-00,(0R400:10(11810010114 nont _:7.13(1 TIIE USHIiCOtJ :POST I' C.T.P Approved For Release 2001/03104TCIA-RDP80-01601 f `?..1 a ) STATI NTL STATI NTL Lawyer Ed Garvey's clients are the 1,100 members of the National Football League Players Association. At 9:35 a.m., in a crowded eighth-floor conference room of the Federal Comm uriications Commission, Pete Rozelle----al- mighty father of professional football, eternally tanned and impeccably dressed?steps for- ward to defend his empire. He wants cable television short-cir- cuited. He argues it could pirate the signals of several games on any given Sunday in the NFL, rosultin7 in orgies of TV foothall thet would glut the appetites of his subjects and start the empire crumbling. At 9:35, the rear door of the room opens ruid Ed Gr-Ivey steps in, almost unnoticed. Ho sits near the back of the room, listens in- tently to Rozelle, takes notes. As the lords of the games file out the front door an hour later, their sad tales given, Ed Garvey straightens up, zippers his brief- case, and marches swiftly out the back door. He is now in excellent field position in the. corridor, hav- ing staked out a place between Pete Rozelle and the elevator. Rozelle will not find it easy to avoid him this day. "Rozelle comes here to talk about cable TV and the last per- son he wants to see is Ed Garvey," whispers a friend of Garvey's. "Garvey goes to New York and Rozelle never wants to see him. He's always busy." Ed Garvey, 32, is the executive William Gildea is a columnist on the staff of the Sports Department of The Washington Post. By Winiam Glidea director of the 1,1C)-member Na- tional Football League Players Association, the group that star- tled sports fans in the summer of 1970 by striking for higher pre- season salaries and an increase in pension fund payments. People were surprised because football players are supposed to play more for love, or for glory or for the Gipper, than for money. But from 1956, when the old NFL found itself with its first play- ers association, to January of 1970 when the AFL and NFL groups merged, the players have been trying to snatch away some of the controls the National Football League exercises over their lives. For the past year and a half, Garvey has organized the players as never before, making it a whole new NFL ballgaine which often finds Rozelle, long known for his big offensive game, sud- denly on the defensive. A non- player, Garvey nevertheless shows excellent moves in the FCC hallways. He walks over to a New York Times reporter, Leonard Koppett, who just happens to be talking with Pete Rozelle. Now Garvey is talking with the two of them. Now he is talking only with Rozelle. Now he and Rozelle are closeted in an anteroom, seated and talk- ing earnestly in forced commun- ion. Score one for Garvey. "He's a bugger, he just wants Rozelle to know he's around," Garvey's friend says. Garvey had come to the cable TV hearing "to see if Rozelle would give some indication of his thinking 'about future television contracts. But he didn't. At the present time he does all the bar- gaining with the networks and our position is that no one knows what breakthroughs are going to occur in pay TV and we don't want him to get locked in on a long-term contract that may not turn out to be the best thing. We feel we should have a role in these negotiations." Garvey first got involved with the Players Association when John Mackey, then with the Balti- more Colts and head of the group, brought in the law firm of Lindquist and Vennum to repre- sent the players in their 1970 con- tract bargaining. Garvey was one of the Lindquist and Vennum team and, when the strike was over, he remained with the group as their counsel. The name of the business being money, Garvey's principal con- cern is the "players not getting their share of the exorbitant prof- its within football," a viewpoint diametrically opposite of Roz- elle's Rozelle, Garvey says, is an ami- able fellow and it is "not unrea- sonable if he isn't overly solicit- ous considering that we slapped a lawsuit on him just last month." In addition to the suit, which is an attempt to stop the League from naming compensation for players who've played out their options, there is also the small matter of five charges of unfair practices against the NFL that Garvey has taken before the Na- tional Labor Relations Board on Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000100180001-4 bont T IVES Approved For Release 2001/M64 :13A-RDP8C601610PIJR00 It's Not the Gift, If,. the Thought Behind It By JOHN LEONARD Foundation money! Encounter maga- zine! Angry intellectuals! It's the socio- literary late show, a rerun of the anxious 1960's in the disconsolate 1970's --com- plete with hot and cold running warriors athwart their mimeograph machines. You will remember that Encounter, the British monthly, was subsidized until . 1964 by the Congress for Cultural Free- dom?to the tune of 615,000 a year. In ? 1966 the Congress for Cultural Freedom was revealed to have been subsidized by our own Central Intelligence Agency. On being horrified by this bad news, people like Stephen Spender and Frank Kerincale ?who had been categorically denying rumors of such a covert subsidy for years ?resigned from Encounter's eciitorial board. The Congress for Cultural Free- dom then reconstituted itaelf as the inter- national Association for Cultural Freedom and went right on subsidizing a variety of journals in Australia (Quadrant), France (Preuves), Germany (Mcnat), Great Britain (The China Quarterly, Sur- vey, Minerva), India (Quest), Latin Amer- ica (Mundo Nuevo, Aportes), Uganda ' (Transition) and Thailand (Social Science Review). At just about the time that Encounter stopped getting subsidies from the C.I.A., it started getting them from Cecil King's -International Publishing Corporation of London (The Daily Mirror, etc.). Mr. ? King's group recently allowed its finan- cial backing to lapse, and the magazine has been hard put to meet its publication .. costs. Who should come to the rescue? The Ford Foundation, that's who. The Ford Foundation has forwarded S50,000 .of "emergency assistance" to Encounter, . through what in the 1960's we used to i call a "conduit"?in this case, the Inter- national Association for Cultural Free- dom. .Interesting. Such emergency assistance is consid- ered especially interesting by the editors of and contributors to domestic literary magazines. It is interesting because the Ford Foundation has never given any . money to local jouinels. It is even more interesting because the Ford money has been specifically earmarked to "seek in- creased circulation in the United States" for Encounter. The editors of The Massa- chusetts Review (Jules Chametzky), The Sewanee Review (Andrew Lytle), The The Last Word Hudson Review (Frederick Morgan), .The Partisan Review (William Phiiiips) and Tri-Quarterly (Charles Newman) have protested: "This grant, by an organization that on many previous occasions has claimed a lack of funds for the support of American literary magazines, is gross- ly insulting to American editors and writers. It is also damaging to American literary magazines in putting them at a competitive disadvantage. . . . We are made uneasy, as well, by the political implications of this effort to promote and expand Encounter's influence in this country." Jules Feiffer, Susan Sontag, Frank Kennode (I), Robert Brustein, Nor- man Mailer and William Styron are among the writers who have joined these editors in objection. In June of this year James Boatwright, speaking for the Co-ordinating Council of Literary Magazines, also objected to the .Encounter grant in a letter to the Presi- dent of the Ford Foundation, McGeorge Bundy. Mr. Boatwright was coolly diplo- matic: "Some of our members regard the grant as a scandal." However, "We prefer to place a more positive interpretation upon the grant and believe that it really signifies that the Ford Foundation is now prepared to give support to literary maga- zines, even American ones." And espe- cially American ones that "do not have the same legacy as Encounter to over- come." Mr. Bundy, in his reply to Mr. Boat- wright, was sophistical: "There are es- sentially two parts to your letter?one relating to the view which your members have of Encounter, and the other relating to general support to non-profit literary magazines published in the United States. These aro really two subjects, and as it happens they are treated in two different parts of the Ford Foundation." it seems that the grant to Encounter was recom- mended by the Ford Foundation's profes- sional staff in their office of European and International Affairs, whereas policies having to do with American literary mag- azines are determined by -Ford's division of the Humanities and the Arts. As it hap- pens, the division of the Humanities and the Arts feels that its money is better spent on direct and indirect grants to poets, novelists and playwrights; on post- doctoral fellowships through the Ameri- can Council of Learned Societies; and on playwrights' workshops, experimental theaters and full-scale producing com- panies. Alas, "the Foundation is not cur- rently planning a program in the field of your direct activity." To be sure, some of the protesting about the Foundation's "emergency as- sistance" sounds a little too much like local craft unions complaining about low tariffs on digital clock radios from Japan. And the Foundation's division of the Humanities and the Arts may very well be right in thinking that grants to individuals are a niece effective way of promoting art than grants to magazines. And Encounter is noW and always was an excellent mag- azine, one of the C.1.A.'s better invest- ments?it has distinguished itself partic- ularly in its emphasis on science. But it is hard to see why arguments that are compelling in one part of the Ford Foundation are not compelling in another part. If it's all right to subsidize a European magazine, why is it not all right to subsidize an American magazine? Unless the grant to Encounter is con- sidered to be singular, aberrant, excep- tional, and if it is to be considered an exception, why? Why, of all the mag- azines in the world that have never been or are no longer subsidized by the C.I.A., . does onfy Encounter rate 650,000? Those editors and writers who are pro- testing cannot be blamed for suspecting that there is something political about making .an exception of Encounter. While Encounter's contributors often disagree, occasionally savagely, with one another, on the whole the magazine has been much more congenial to American foreign policy over the last decade than most American literary magazines have been. Inevitably, conclusions are going to be drawn about the Ford Foundation's understanding of its own role in sanctioning one sort of politicization of literature over another. Those conclusions are not exactly pleasant to behold. Ill Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000100180001-4 Approved For Release 2001/03/04 : CIA-RDP80 01601R000 APPLETON , WISC. ' POST-CitEafENT, OQI I Val E - 43,953 - S - 48,116 Whiurs Beildad Aki There. is. a ...most disturbing report government to every ccintry in the prepared for the House foreign affairs world with vastly different traditions ,s.ubcommittee .on Europe and recently and histories than those of our own. Our ?'?-?made :public- that strongly intimates national security involving Greece way private financial interest;S are heavily require continued financial support ...influencing the Nixon Administration'.s because of Greece's position in the North altitude .toward ...Greek ?Colonels who .Atlantic Treaty .Organization. And the ?? cOntrol. the. country through force,. same might apply for Turkey. Our bases ...E.???The primary . figure who isn't so .in Spain may warrant our assistance to ?shadowy is supposed .to be Thomas .that .dictatorship and we have had ? Papkis, Greek-American from Boston reasons for some help to Yugoslavia and wtth 11ca-\..y.intcre3t in the Eu-Pappas Taiv.-an neither of which are remotely and steel .demot):racics.. ? complex,. The. 'report claii115. that BLit if there is a iiint J tout aid is in ? 1)0Wt.i' red lily Ct fina ocial boos t to 0:10 particular ??,pior1-2nt Itt,fp2, financial interetsti,; Amer:it:an or even a grititip Atnerictins, that.h ]f c%terisi,)c een- then eve t.y other _Atryt?trican ho pays ins ".U iL party ;ini,lit:;taNe otih1 to resent it .cleply. No ono . esecfitive the Re13cx shou",,.t know this' hello- ? f1nal1C:.(: that?i\ixon. v...hatever the possihte moit'etary voice .1:1 fA hti 1, ice 13enef.its to the Repai:ilit_tat: ,:tarty, At ? Pres L LI 1 cihouht rioted that this pertieuLit- .says1.t.';:p011:2;i1..)1e for the p.obkhi has not !,cen re:str?-.!ei to the clio-iet of 1"ien:',:it Tait: ii",) American Heavy poH.leal ? coti- C to and accompinie..) 1311.1-.,i'5 of c X 1:02C in ?? sueh Adinini'stration ii S uo:nos!ie and foreign polief...6. S?ii?.ert,..tdi-y of Centinerce Staus. . and of 0,-lerit.e The dangers in tit,: ..courent fTitt,tit"Itc slluation is that it Nay beorivTailg. ? on their vi:ititit? to AiJil:11S. is not casy to: . fOrget aoithus(astic. 'I here al:Tear:3.1.o cteep apposition h) the colonels' junta, aithy'411 tnany ? the stat4ty et the dlssidents are. in piison. According to ? curyt-,fyil juati:t atid the "\\ oncterfiii* Lucia 1\ioutat in ciit-i:5nc271 sc:icricc . l'elotit?on:3 Otal tOdaY bet-0,-cen our lvtoti;:itor?..-congressionai, investigitions . reccutN' vetfttd tnilitary iii otUr1 to ctreeet.: eta', off i3initte the . Thc . . tit," es col'ainits by the Cc- tral 1 It liii (I have- confirmed lit ii , founda dons luld been. used ais Jul 'i 11net fulfilled its. piaitotsc Lo Acf,,ene.y." Pappas mis.tittiti0115 111 ? ? ClC U1 J'a r" ri 2 rerat?C treun.:: ,I ho a7r?)tio nave 1) (II sabotaged by what aye Ll!)(? permit .-?;ncli aid if the Ft tom . " hetiel,Tel fo he opponents of the. regithe, . . of liii UiIcJ 6;.a les bac-cc-,u kttirifl ii. . !n u1 junti,i has .tiied to In thy its seciirity .is involved. . ? . ? seizure of the ..govrnincit? more than ...The mere fact that a particular . thi?ce years. ago with the offen-usci-.1 :regiine etamplc.tely our charge of the dangers of ceretratinii:-ni. ? be rig!i0 IS Ironictilly.such..dangers may he greititcr -it It ii Iiito cut oif dl.plwitati,_ci?. .thi-ut then, espeeialty if there is tito:a.dc?tcho)?,;. eq. pply . widespread belief that a te3v..\ t10 Ii I aid it.erk.ati e.v(t'n tor i.adit.toty pocker000k-Ft are being, paddir,-ti to 1-:tett..p App?-6e-R'e1e*gei2tvo11e.3/04.,....otAyRopi8o-o44301 R0001. 00180001-4 j HARPER ' S ApproWeiTIWA-elease 2001/03104 ]..X.MA-14150131:14f4160 -1111 \ _I STATINgl Interrupting its .usual silence, the CIA has provided llarper's with a rare public document. It is awofficial letter of protest. against our July cover story, "Flowers of Evil," an extremely compromising report. by Alfred 11 McCoy about the CIA's complicity in the heroin trade in Southeast Asia. "I trust," writes IC. E. Colby, the Agency's execu- tive director, "you will give this response the same prom- inence in your publication as was given to the McCoy article." The letter appears below in full, together with. Mr. McCoy's reply and the testimony of a former lISAID rep- .res.entative who witnessed the CIA's participation in the Laotian drug traffic. This exchange, we hope, throws fur- ther needed light on a little-known stretch of the sewer that runs between Washington, Saigon, Vientiane, Pnom- penh, and Bangkok. Beyond all that, we are surprised by Mr. Colby's use of the word "trust." We may well be reading too much into it, but that word, and indeed the Whole (One of the letter, suggests that Mr. Colby expected an immediate mea eulpa from Harper's. Is the CIA that naive? Mr. Colby, who once presided over the notorious Phoenix program in Vietnam,* is hardly an innocent. Still, his entire letter reflects a troubling simplicity, an unquestioning trust in ihe goodness of/us 011,71 bureaucracy. He asks us to share that trust, whatever the stubborn facts may be. As con- clusive evidence of the Agency's purity, for example, he even. cites Director Richard Helms' public-relations argu- ment that "as fathers, we are as concerned about the lives of our children and grandchildren as all of you." TIIE AGENCY'S BRIEF: 11w-per's July issue contains an article by Mr. Alfred W. McCoy alleg- ing CIA involvement in the opium traffic in Laos. This allegation is false and unfounded, and it is particularly disappointing that a journal of Harper's reputation would see fit to publish it without, any effort to check its accuracy or even to refer to the Such curious expectations of trust apparently moti- vated the Agency to ask Harper & Row to hand over the galleys of Mr. McCoy's book, The Politics of Heroin in 7 Southeast Asia, front which he drew his magazine article. The Agency declared that it simply wanted to check the book for factual inaccuracies, possible libel, or damage to national security. 7'o deliver this unusual request, the Agency dispatched Cord Meyer, a man. with ihe proper Es- V tablishment connections who,as the CIA's overseer of the since-transformed Congress for Culturall'reedom, '* might be said to have once been in thc publishing business him.- self. Although the galleys were duly sent to the Agency, the CIA's subsequent complaints about Mr. McCoy's research failed to impress Harper S.: Row, whieh? has since ?conft- dently published the book, unchanged. Apparently there are limits to trust, even among gentlemen. Although. Mr: McCoy won't agree with us, our own.. re- action to this episode is to feel a certain sympathy for the beset bureaucrats of the CIA, who seem. to be impaled on the defensive notion., "The Agency, right Or wrong." By definition the CIA finds itself involved u?ith a good many questionable people in Southeast Asia. 7'hat is a condition of its 7711.5.51.071---a mission it did not invent but simply carries out on. White house orders?and we suspect that the public would trust the Agency a. good deal more if it either acknowledged the facts or ref/lc-tined silent. Alas, the CIA now seems determined to revamp its image into something like a cross between General Motors and the League of Women Voters. But so endeth our sermon. Let the reader draw us own conclusions. public record to the contrary. Normally we do not respond pub- licly to allegations made against CIA. Because of the serious nature of these charges, however, I am writing to you to place these accusations in proper perspective and so that the record will be clear. The general charge made. by Mr. McCoy that "to a certain extent it [the opium trade in Laos] depends on the support (money, guns, aircraft, etc.) of the CIA" has no basis in -fact. To the contrary, Mr. John E. Inger- soll, Director of the Bureau of Nar- cotics and Dangerous Drugs, in a letter to Representative, Charles S. Gubser of California on May 27, 1.971 ? Phoenix is a campaign of systematic counterterror designed to root out and destroy Vietcong sympathizers. As U.S. pacification chief .from 1968 to mid-1971, Ambassador Colby headed CORDS '(Civil Operations and Rural Development Support), which ran Phoenix in cooperation with the South Vietnamese police. Mr. Colby has testified before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee that, in 1969 alone, Phoenix agents "nein ralized" 19.53-1 suspected Vietcong, killing 6.187 of them in the process. Critics argue that Phoenix uses assassination methods and that Mr. Colby's figures ate extremely conservative. **The ? t hout t0 the world ,9410,010:00441,2 0110 iti*."eizA' fttiOtil2Oltiti-ikddbtfoticizg.'obCiV'r ? The best . - CDritinunr1 pgpl.,1 people here, though. We allays f q good people. TEE: 1ARTi4OUTH COLLEGB DARTMOUTH ',ApprroisdpEocRelease 2001/CONY49MbP80-01601 wa.shington rican on d?-/- ? 154 Sil..1"..1eVid.44417:44$?0 . : ?,.., ?-?-, '"._: , . ,...,:f? : Iy VICTOR ZONANA tkild V111141PCOlUN - Althettgb. Most people are aware that Th e Vitited States Armed Forces re, mit personnel at the College, it ykrottld probably come as a surprise to most to learn that an.other govern- mot agency, the Central Intelligence Agency, quietly but actively recruits 4on the campus as well. , one asppects of CIA activity are: .1) One. member of the Class of 1971 was. Introduced to the CIA by a facs ? ktIty ?Wel.nber and is presently era,' itloyed by that agency.. . 'A cast tlimo Tr.k.1111?era of thin ?laeigty an.0 one member of the Board of Trustees have at one time worked .#9f the .CIA., $everal other -faculty "members were ? employed by CIA virot'?' organizations, 4. The agency worked through a ?.Y4i.onitaet" at the college,. a. faculty member, until 1967. ? - The CIA has on several oeca, sions approached faculty membera go- abroad, and. asked them to ob- tabi Igor-m.309R while travelling over- . A significant number of Dart- mouth. alumni are presently erriployed ? by the CIA. SeluiaNtliStftal For Re it was learneu recently, that a se- mor at. the College last year, Benja- still and ome asked ested ' job," them fesor straig that ' -is vet Car "eitht sent couplt year . ested, Disl the A vision ally d 4,11 nese, class ref lee Dartn vision: it wwas sort of an Ivy League club, with most people from Yale, Dartmouth, Harvard or Princeton." STATI NTL min Bates '71 is presently working Campbell added that it 'may have for the CIA at the agency headquar- changed Since his time, "but there leis in Langley, Virginia, doing eco were very many Dartmouth gradu- nomic research on Latin Arnericad ates there, and a lot of them were Contacted in Washington last week, way up there, in pretty important.. Bates confirmed this report, saying positions." that he'd been "working with the agen- cy since September." He termed the job "reasonably interesting, but not fascinating." . Bates, an economies major while at the College, reported that Profes- sor Colin Campbell of the Economics Department introduced him to a CIA recruiter last winter. After a prelim- anary meeting with the recruiter (a Dartmouth alumnus) at the Hanover Inn,. Bates saidhe was flown to Wash-p ington at government expense for in- terviews and testinc, - Bates called his four day stay in the nation's capital during spring break "sort of a free vacation." He ;began working in September after Other Faculty Members A colleague of Campbell's Profes- sor of Economics Meredith Clem t it, / also worked for the agency: Clement did economic research for the CIA, from 1954 to 1956, before coming to the College. Clement said that the CIA reg- ularly approached university profes- sors going overseas on academic Tat- ters, as one means of obtaining in- formation on foreign countries. He explained that the process was known In the agency as "briefing and de- briefing.", "Being briefed," he elaborated, "is ? being told what to look for, while ' being granted security clearance. being debriefed is being asked what ? you saw. Clement said he knows of Professor Campbell wo Dartmouth alumni now working - ? P- ? Professor of Economics Colin Cam bell, who termed himself "an. old Assistant Professor of Geography, / alumnus f the CIA," agreed with David Lindgren, was employed by the Bates. Campbell worked tor CIA from /964 through 1966 before .the organization as an economic re- coming to the College. He served as searcher in Current Intelligence dur- an analyst doing basic geographic re-- 1)(50-1 iitor4n?th2rAh-03315. 813q0613.11R80#1i10111800014- Elaboraling.on Bates'.description of 'last year's meeting, Campbell said, "1 ifor the CIA. rt!*.n \O STATINTL TKO OKLAHOMA JOURNAL Approved For Release 201031Y6RIPCIA-Rig pR0001 Candidate Critica Nixon too S , . ____ "I know that the IA is very, very meticu- Communist officials," he said. - - . By STEVE DIMICK bus and careful in its evaluations and is ac- Of 'Me JOLI11131 Staff, curate and precise," he said. - "I also did get information on what the 1U: S. senatorial hopeful Jed Johnson spent "The point is, if the CIA has given such an political ideology was of .up-and-corning poli- more than two years as an undercover agent for evaluation (of the Vietnam blockade), I know tical leaders," he said. the Central Intelligence Agency during the early they've done a thorough assessment of the sit- Johnson balked at the wird "propaganda" . uation. They're very capable people and are when asked whether his job entailed more ?1960s, he said Friday. . ' , . / - Johnson said he carried .on CIA activities not political; they're very apolitical. ? gathering of information or disseminating in more than a dozen Asian,,African and Latin "While I was never involved in CIA , propaganda. ' " - American countries while working for one of operations in Southeast Asia, I know per- i It involved a lot of both," he said. "Hilt we the front organizations exposed in the "CIA sonally that they literally can tell you the were never told what to say by the CIA. We . minutest details about minor African political were never giver. any orders about what to say on cariipus." scandals in 1967. gures and I'm sure they have done the same, in a speech. Th ' e former Sixth District congressrnan Fri- fi - - - type 'of investigation in Vietnam," Johnson -I was simply a youth leader telling them what we believe, why .our .'economic system is the ost productive, why our political system is e best." 1 Johnson's undercover activity began when he while a student at Oklahoma University which Youth and Student Affairs, the dummy bun- V was still in collegc? with a 1959 trip to Cuba . was. later thrown back at him during his 1964 dation for which he worked, was still in WI- which later returned to haunt him during his 'congressional race, also was actually a gov, sa - ness. congressional race in 1964. ernment-sponsored "intelligence-gathering, ? ? "For me to y anything would have literal- -There verc chat ges made during the cam-, : Arip. ? ? ly endangered the lives of some of our people ? paigning that 1, had, taken this trip with other 1 In his speech to the Jaycees, Johnson will 1'verseas," he said. student leaders in defiance of the State De- attack President. Nixon'sNi' new interdiction pol- He came back to the U.S. early in 1964, on partment," he said. "This was untrue. The ? ? icy against North Vietnamese supply routes. leave from the Foundation, and then resigned trip was sponsored by the U.S. government. He bases his criticism largely on his knowledge from the organization before he made his suc- t'I was asked by people 'in the State Depart- of The CIA, which reportedly. has claimed that cessful race for Congress. ment to make the trip to get information about, r, day released, a copy of a speech he will de- said. liver to the Oklahoma Jaycees convention Satur- Johnson. said he was not at liberty to dis- day, in which he reveals his CIA involvement. ? close his former CIA ties while he was a mem- Ile said a controversial trip to Cuba he made ber of Congress because the Foundation for the blockade?will not work. . ? ? ? ? Johnson quotes from the "Kissinger Papers,". a. secret , government study conducted by the CIA and other information gathering groups . and made public by columnist Jack Ander- son two weeks ago. The study reported the CIA's belief that no amount of ? interdiction f Ntill be successful in stopping the flow of war '?materiel to North Vietnam. : "I am personally acquainted in some depth with the degree of precision that the CIA oper- ates within its intelligence activities, because jI worked under contract as a covert agent for :,the CIA prior to my election to the Congress," 'Johnson said. ? ! "At that time, the CIA had extremely de- tailed .information on such things as which hand an obscure African provincial chief would eat with and the vintage of his favorite twines," he said. ? "I am convinced after reading the Kissinger Papers that the CIA estimates of-our capacity, .to interdict supplies was done with similar at- . -? itention to precision and gave absolutely no :reason for encouragement that this military action will successfully bring the war to a con- clusion." In an interview with The Oklahoma Jour- nal before his announcement Saturday, John- . son said he worked for the CIA from 1962 to 1964. He said his experience as an agent has Johnson served in Congress from 1964-66. what was going on," he said. He said the "whistle was blown" on the cover ' At the time the. group of young student lead- of the dummy foundation in 1967. , ers made the trip, shortly after the Cuban re- "I'm still not sure how much I'm at liberty volution, "we 'didn't know that things in Cuba to tell you," he said. would go the way they went," Johnson said. The former student lea. der at the University He said another of his missions was to of Oklahoma said he was approached by the CIA, debate young Communist lea.ders in Cuba. (referred to among agents as "the firm") in However, he was not able to reveal in 1964 1962, a year after his graduation from col- that he had known in 1959 that the Cuban trip lege. was a government-sponsored one. "They contacted you to see if you were in- _ terested and then did a very thorough security "It was a very interesting experience, but , clearance," he said. "Later, you were taken it was frustrating that I couldn't rebut some of to a hotel room where you had to sign an oath the charges made against me," he said. . saying you would not divulge any secrets or "As a result of that trip and some other ac- critical information. tivities I was involved in, I was later asked to. "After that, I was what they call 'under become an agent for the CIA." contract' to the CIA until I reSigned," he During his years as an agent, under the said. ? . code name "Mr. Page" ("I chose that name "It was fascinating work," he said. "If 1 because I had been a page in the Senate and - hadn't run for Congress, I might have made thought it would be easy to remember,".), a career out a the CIA." . . . . activities. he was at liberty to tell only his wife of his ? Johnson said he actually worked for the U.S. . Youth Council, which was. funded by the Foun- "There were a couple of agents before me dation for Youth and Student Affairs, which in who had just disappeared," he said. turn was funded by the CIA. Johnson says he still has faith in the per- His duties, about which he was never too suasive and example type of diplomacy, the specific, involved basically being a sort of good- former the kind he said is practiced by the will ambassador-cum-spy. ? CIA. "I led delegations Of young Americans to de- veloping nations and spoke before various, le-' gislative assemblies," he said. "We met with ts._Dbin caused him AptrnikitidiFttPiFterealletiemthTiO?tiKADP80e-01601R000100180001-4 CIA's assessm n s of vanous situations an t in the -agency's non-partisan, position. "Once at an Indian Youth Congress in Ti- ? rupathi, India, I debated_ a_ couple of older ? STATINTL ? AmEoved For RelmedleibtagX: ialAcIRDR84404.61111R0 ifay 1, rttot, that the cold war with Russia and the other Communist eountries is not caw better. It is naive for us to think that ime and peace are in the offing. I do not: diAagree with that. we have many problems with Russia, IAA I submit that one of the obstacles to better relations with Eastern Europe and Russia and most of those other eauntries?although I think our rela- tions have improved over time?but in Any case, among the principal irritants arc these broadcasts from Voice of Amer- ica, Radio Free Europe, and Radio Lib- erty. They contribute to keeping alive the animosity and suspicion which exists be- tween our country and Russia. I said be- fore with redarcIto Radio Free Europe it seemed to me with the President going to Russia and having just been to China, and having announced a policy of trying to normalize and improve relations with those countries that it is inconsistent to continue a propaganda program de- signed to arouse the suspicion of the peo- ple of those countries against their gov- errunents. I do not think it accomplishes our purposes; it harms our relations. I can , well imagine that there are people in Russia who disagree with their leaders' . policy of meeting with the President of ? the United States and who make the same arguments that are made on the floor of this body that there is no hope ? for better relations with the United States, or that they are kidding them- selves to think they Can do business with the United States. One of the things they would point out would be the prop- aganda we engage in. It has always puzzled me why the Russians have such suspicion with re- ? gard to the SALT talks. They had one meeting interrupted by the U-2 incident. -Those not dispOsed to normalized rela- tions with us can point to the Voice of America and Radio Liberty and say, "They do not really mean it, they are I ask unanimous consent to have kidding us. They continue the old war- printed in the RECORD the full article by time programs of propaganda intended Mr. Oudes. to undermine the stability of our gov- ' There being no objection, the article ? ernment." was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, I ask very seriously on the merits as follows whether the program is well designed to THE GREAT WIND MACHINE accomplish the announced purposes of (By Bruce J. Oudes) the President and what I believe to be the overwhelming view of the people of the United States, and that is to bring about better relations with the people of ?Russia, China, and Eastern Europe. It seems to me it is high time in this world with nuclear weapons that some other approach to the solution of these - international differences be developed; that greater emphasis be placed on co- operation and discussion such as the United Nations offers, than to keep alive the traditional anticommunism which we have been subjected to for so long, to keep that alive by spending $200 mil- lion in this case, and many millions of '- dollars more in the case of Radio Liberty and Radio Free Europe. I am not under any illusion it is going to be easy, but I think some different approach than the 1961 to 1965 and is now an international reporting fellow at Columbia University. So he speaks from substantial experience in the USIA. ? Mr. President, the article ntitled "The Great Mind Machine" relates to the problem I am talking about and that is the value of the USIA itself. Just to give a sample of the article, I wish to read one part: Much of the ? time there is a gnawing suspicion that whatever the project of the day might be, you're participating in a giant charade, a hoax. "What am I doing here?" is a question that often intrudes in the mind of the USIA officer as he goes about his appointed rounds. Why was I hauling those pamphlets across the Sahara? In time the two of us delivered our "freight"?the agency term for its mes- sage?to the American Embassy in Nouak- chott, and It was duly distributed to its Mauritanian audience. Yet it is hard to Imagine that any minds were altered by our pamphlets, either among the illiterate nomads who make up most of the popula- tion, or among the tiny literate ruling class, whose ears are tuned to Cairo and Paris. Certainly our message did not prevent Mauri- tania's rulers from breaking relations with the U.S. during the 1967 Arab-Israeli war. And. why was I hustling votes for Moise Tshombe in the Congo? Tshombe won the election with American help, but not because of anything USIA did; the constituency that mattered was the white mercenaries, who voted with their guns, and the kind of U.S. help that mattered was money and arms, and planes supplied by the Central Intelligence Agency. If we won any votes in Katanga, which I doubt, they weren't counted?that's not how power is won and lost in the Congo. Thus the USIA officer's self-criticism centers around feelings of futility; harmless in Mauritania, but distasteful in the Congo. ? ? ? ? ? USIA produces a lot of noise. Whether that noise wins any hearts and minds out there is a question to which, fortunately for the agency, there is no statistical answer? for propaganda, unlike soap, cannot be meas- ured in bars sold, The sight of a wheel rolling off into the desert- is of distinct interest if It is one of four carrying you to Nouakchott, the capital of Mauritania. It happened the visit was a goodwill, more correctly a misguided will, mission. The oc- casion, replete with rising sandstorm, pro- vided time and conditions for a unique reas- sessment of the heavy cargo, principally hundreds of pounds of pamphlets explaining the American way of life, which had con- tributed to the breakdown. My companion, who had been sent from Washington to see if the United States In- formation Agency (USIA) was hitting the "target" in West Africa, blew the sand off a brochure on the American economy, one which described the marvelous Detroit motor vehicle, and broke up laughing. On another occasion, the scene was the Congo and my companion was an American newsmagazine correspondent. We spent a 616 we have had is called for. rather wry afternoon driving around the precincts of Katanga distributing a station- Mr. President, I referred earlier to an wagon load of American-produced "get out article by Bruce J. Oudes, who, I see, the vote" leaflets in Swahili in preparation served with the USIA overseas from for an election which, to no one's surprise, ratified o se s om Prime Minister. ? Any officer in USIA has a store of such stories. They are rooted in the frustration of determining the message, the audience, and how the audience is supposed to react to the message. Much of the time there is a gnaw- ing suspicion that whatever the project of the day might be; you're participating in a giant charade, a hoax. "What am I doing here?" is a question that often intrudes in the mind of the USIA officer as he goes about his appointed rounds. Why was I hauling those pamphlets across the Sahara? In time the two of us delivered our "freis.,,ht"?the agency term for its message?to the American Embassy in Nouakchott, and it was duly distributed to its Mauritanian audience. Yet it is hard to imagine that any minds were altered by our pamphlets, either among the ? illiterate nomads who make up most of the popula- tion, or among the tiny literate ruling class, whose ears are tuned to Cairo and Paris. Certainly our message did not prevent Mauritania's rulers from breaking relations with the U.S. during the 1967 Arab-Israeli war. And why was I hustling votes for Moiso Tshombe in the Congo? Tshombe won the election with American help, but not be- cause of anything USIA- did; the constitu- ency that mattered was the white merce- naries, who voted with their guns, and the kind of U.S. help that mattered was money and arms, and planes supplied by the Cen- tral Intelligence Agency. If we won any votes In Katanga, which I doubt, they weren't emintcd?that's not how power is won and lost in the Congo. Thus the USIA officer's self-criticism centers around feelings of 'futility: harmless in Mauritania, but dis- tasteful in the Congo. The agency that sends its people on such ? missions is a 17-year-old cold war hybrid, the descendant of the World War I George Creel committee and then in World War II the Overseas Operations Branch in Elmer Davis's Office of War Information. At the end of the war OWI was transferred to the State Department where William Benton, the ad- vertising man, later a 'U.S. Senator, nursed it for two years. As the cold war got under- way, Benton's office drafted a bill which be- came the Smith-Mundt Act and put propa- ganda permanently into the American de- fense a:rsenal. Under the Eisenhower Admin- istration in June, 1953, John Foster Dul- les rid his beloved State Depadtment of the dirty linen of propaganda work and the name U.S. Information Agency was born. The USIA budget passed the $100 million mark dur- ing the Eisenhower years and floated up to Its present $175 million mark during the two subsequent Democratic Administrations, Today USIA produces 66 magazines in 27 languages. Its Voice of America broadcasts 932 hours weekly in nearly three dozen lan- guages using 104 transmitters with a total of 19 million watts. It has assisted foreign book publishers in-producing more than 120 million copies of over 14,000 editions since 1950. It operates more than 22 libraries vis- ited by 20 million or more persons annually (clown from over. 31 million in 1955). It radioteletypes abroad a 10,000-word daily file ? of Administration statements and packaged stories ready for foreign newspapers to lunk in their columns. It does all this with a staff of 2,139 Foreign Service personnel, a total which will be reduced to about 1,760 by mid-year by Presidential order. Foreign Service personnel, however, are substantially outnumbered by the 2,410 permanent Wash- ington-based employees Who try to commu- nicate America to a world they never see. USIA produces a lot of noise. Whether that noise wins any hearts and minds out there is a question to which, fortunately for the agency, there is no statistical answer?for propaganda, unlike soap, cannot be measured In bars sold. True believers in the agency pro- RS Approved For Release 2001/03/04 : CIA-RDP80-61601R000100180001-4 Approved For Release itigtogois mik- STATINTL 2 7 APR 1971 reaa, _ By jack LInclerso;z 117-LA 'E-Eiroh2 o--11-T2,E71 led in former pirate lairs in However, ha; told us his discovered a sheaf of three the Florida keys. story and howed lis the bank bills matted together with My- associate Les Whitten records. We also checked out mud and grass. has just returned from a traas- Scerzat 'CIA Si.7:a his veracity carefully. I sent The bills were near sera!ae Les Whitten to accompany of a road map, which Ayeas ute hunt for buried CIA cesh- One who perke.d up his cars him back to the lery3 to re- said had been used as a v.orap- in the Florida 'Keys where pi- over the whispers was Bradleyi" rover the CIA money. We natl.. per . for the suitcase bills. rates once stashed - Spanish Ayers, a.former Army captain, fled the Treasury Department, Treasury records show the gold. who was on loan to the CIA in in general terms, that all re- bills were printed between covered CIA cash would be April, 1065, and August, 10e3. He found one cache where 1033-64 to train Cuban assault thousands in molding $20 bills teams. One trainin site had turned over to the Treasury. There is no way to prove this had been buried. .But sona?,one been located on Upper Key Treazaire Hunt was part of the money which the CIA continued to nrovide g had reached the secret site Largo on land that - the "alon- Whitten, Ayers and Ayers' anti -Castro exiles. But the sto- ahead of him. All Whitten roe County tax assessor's of- wife fl.,e,,v to an air strip on ries that led to the cache ca711t3 Lice identified as belonging to Upper hey Largo. Using it as in part to Ayers from Cubans found were six weathered, the University of 'Miami. a base of operations, they he helped train for the. CIA. matted $20 bills litat appar- The CIA also operated out reconnoitered the dark man- ently had been dropped about of a front, called Zenith Tech grove thickets, sluggish can-ra I--- "7,-: iir3lon Whirl meal 7:nterprisee, on the lull- ale, treacherous swamps of sea 200 yards away. Volunteer Army?Presia-le.rit versity's south campus. Thus grass and crocodile-infested In an earlier column, we re-Nixon is leading the opposi- the reeoecteci university, wit- creeks where Ayers had once - ported that the Central Intern- tingly or otherwise, provided trained Cuban commandos. tion to his own proposal for ?a gence '- Agency -- had delivered the site for an extension For two days, they chugged volunteer Army?at least for bales of $20 - bills - to Cuban course in infiltration and dem- through the creeks in a shalt- the next two years. At a secret exile leaders to finance clan- olition. low-draft 18-foot skiff, startled White House legislative con- destine operations against Ayers learned enough from occasionally by the barks of ference, he warned GOP con- Communist Culla. his former trainees to figure crocodiles. When they were gressional leaders: "So-me Assaseination teams, aboa out where some of the CIA convinced no one was follow- votes to end the draft may tage squads and commando money might be hidden. He ing, they plunged through un. look popular temporarily. But after the abortive Bays of Pigs buried suitcase full of mold- couldn't see four feet ahead. mendations (to extend the unit were were sent against Castro told us he discovered a half- derbrush so thick they in the long view, our recom-i Invasion. These missions ap- ing, mutilated $20 bills. Finally they came upon the draft for two years) will prove parently were halted after The suitcase was in a 7.":?. bramble-cloaked site where to be right." V\-"nite House -aide President Kennedy's assessi- mote spot that he was confi- Ayers said he had discovered Peter Flanigan explained to nation. But the CIA continued dent wouldn't be discovered, the suitcase. The soil at the the leaders that "A short-fall to slip infiltration teams into He took out a dozen bills to hiding place had been turned of 100,000 men is expected". Cuba to gather intelligence. ? make sure they weren't coun- up and sifted for 10 yards in next year. He described the The CIA paid all. expense, terfeit. Banks redeemed all all directions. The underbrush administration's plans to en- apparently, in cash. Huge but two badly weathered $20 and sea grass were trampled courage volunteers by offering sums were . turned over to bills, as if by many feet. financial incentives, including exile leaders, who gave no ac- Then Ayers' house was nays- The suitcase MI of cut- a $3,000 bonus to those whb counting of they spent it. teriously broken into and rec- rency was gone. Disappointed, will re-enlist for combat duty. There-. were whispers that ords of his find were taken. they combed the area. Within But he warned this "would some money hal disappeared Fearing the CIA or Cuban ex- a quarter inile, Whitten spot- Mean cuts in other vital areas? into .private bank accounts, Iles were watchig him, he ted a tattered $20 bill. kers in the Defense Department." ? that other thousands were bur- dared not return to the cache. found two more, then Vilutten 1971. Ben.McClura Syndicate, ..r..c.. ' Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000100180001-4 :NATI ONAL GUARD IAN Approved For Release 2001103/04: CIK-ATI4'8111-1016 2 6 APR 1972 / ? r 9t-7: ,r;.. ? 1 i.t .41,..wHe tilt.' .1t1 ' :;,11..:0 ?it :t s+...`A .i 0 1 -?: -..?1 i . 1!-'1 e' ik: ' - ....,,,k. ,...1 , !Iir it ..? Hi I I '1-16P'1": ,?..,.i.j--ii.2,)",-.2.A...,:.: ALL...J;,... ? -- - 1 ' -Air ' ' . : ,. ..?.1.... ..,:r..' i . been the main bcnificiary of the coup. Since its seizure of power in April 1967; the military and Aristotle Onassis have received huge tax concessions dictatorship in Greece has followed a path seeking to to get them to invest in Greece. Less well known figures transform that country into a virtual colony of U.S. im- from the group have gotten similar privileges. perialism. One of the latest junta giveaways has been to place a ll At the same time the junta has sought; with much less publicly owned land in Greece up for auction. This ? success, to crush the Greek resistance movement, amounts to millions of acres and thousands of islands and U.S. aid to the military regime has continued without islets. Most of this land will end up in the hands of the interruption in spite of congressional acts to delay extpatriate millionaires and their friends. , Another shipment of certain heavy weapons. The U.S. govern- example of junta financing is the building of tourist. ment's enthusiasm for the regime was reinforced when complexes at public expense and then leasing them to ? Spiro Agnew visited Greece in the summer of 1971 amid private parties for management and profit. Thus the! great fanfare. , junta's vaunted drive against corruption has amounted to, Agnew's visit was followed by an agreement that Athens little less than the replacement of the royalist cliques by would become a new official home port for the U.S. the colonels' own coterie of rural gentry, nouveau riche Mediterranean fleet. This will mean tens of millions of. and international capitalists. dollars annually for the troubled Greek economy. In February, President Nixon released all frozen aid to Greece, including the shipment of new jets. 11w brazen Nixon blessing of the fascist junta is the final flower of long-standing U.S. policy. The first overt in- terference came in 1948 when Truman ordered massive military assistance to the royalist government. This aid, which included the experimental use of napalm, coupled ? with conflict within the socialist world over Tito's struggle with Stalin led to the defeat of the Greek left in the civil war. Tens of thousands of patriots went into exile and an equal number were jailed. . l., The 1950s were dominated by the governments of Costas Karamanlis who .ruled with a tough hand and full U.S. support. Even during this period, however, officers within the Greek military developed clandestine groups With ties to U.S. intelligence. These men were trained in jthe U.S. By the early 1960s when the Greek masses were again in motion, the CIA contact man in Greece was George Papadopoulos who would emerge as the junta superficial impression of tranquility. strong man. .? ? While worldwide pressure has brought the release of CIA line wins out - many prisoners and an abatement in torture, the resistance has not very effectively taken advantage of the ?junta's For a time U.S. policy was undecided between the State massive unpopularity. There has been no significant Department's trust that George and Andreas Papandreou clandestine organization of workers, no rural guerrillas, could keep Greece dependable while retaining the form of only limited urban warfare and no large-scale participation parliamentary democracy and the CIA's desire to insure of youth who were the spearhead of the mOvement in the dependency with its colonels. The debate was won by the 1960s. . ? . CIA when it became clear that the general elections Much of this failure can be traced to the disillusionment scheduled for May 1967 would bring the center and left. felt by the masses toward all pre-junta figures and solne 80 percent of the vote with great expectation from organizations. The king, his clique and the right wing are the masses of fundamental changes. The colonels were blamed for setting the conditions of the junta in the first. given the go-ahead to use NATO weapons and a NATO place. The center is thought to be mainly a movement of contigency plan to take over the government, only rhetorical struggle. The greatest disillusionment, The colonels moved swiftly to crush opposition through however, is with the organized left. Almost all cadres of 'a policy of torture, exile and imprisonment. Every public the Communist party and the United Democratic Left and private organization was purged of persons with any were completely unprepared for the coup, despite prior cOnnection to the mildest progressive forces in Greece. warning signs. This ruthless disregard of national interest was masked by The collapse of the left can be traced to a large extent to a psuedo-nationalist jargon about "Greek Orthodox the ineffective popular front tactics of the left. Un Christian purity" which not even the colonels took ' prepared to seek power in their own name, their resistance seriously. ? . activities have been primarily verbal, emphasizing the A key man during these events was Tom Pappas, the political prisoner issue and sentimental feelings about . Boston industrialist who raised over $1 million from Greece rather than engaging in class politics with lin- Greek shipowners for the Nixon-Agnew election cam- mediate socialist goals. paign. Pappas has the Standard Oil franchise in Greece ? and his foundA The United Democratic Left now has no viable. ipleryksfieFndializeif4A4 poyet/93/04enCIALIRDP(130u0410011R00'0510618110613-4 duns. The expat a e rce - millionaire group e ' By Dan Georgaiias No popular support Popular support for the regime has remained nil. Not a single prominent political figure of pre-junta Greece. whether rightist, leftist, or centerist, has been won over. Less than ten deputies from the last legal parliament have collaborated. Recently two archbishops and sixty bishops took public positions against the regime. ? ? Such conservative and somewhat "safe" protests reflect the general mood of the nation. The funeral of George Papandreou, the last legal premier, was turned into a huge anti-governmant rally when hundreds of thousands shouted the slogans which had terrorized the Greek establishment in the early and middle 1960s. Every such- gathering is a tinderbox carefully guarded .by the police and army. Even a film as innocuous as Woodstock had to be banned because peace slogans and wild cheering took place in the theater when Jimi Hendrix. rendered his parody of the American National Anthem. Only constant surveillance, arrests, beatings and torture keep the NEW YORK MIES MAGAZINE 26 MARCH 1912 proved ,EQ/ Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01 1.7 tbs, ar7.2112? Lia hr riiTa 6.1 6),ZOM, OP LANN By NMI= 1EILLE11 STATI NTL .? ASON EPSTEIN and Norman Podhoretz are Nebraska, Iowa?anything that isn't New York. L They don't understand that, apocalypse Or no, graduates of Columbia, both editors and most people are going to take their prune juice both in their. early 40's, both Jewish, both occasional writers, and while they were once the next morning." close friends, they are now sworn enemies. But there are those who believe that not all the They once agreed on almost everything, in lit- issues in the rift are so apocalyptic, and that erature and in polities; now they agree on friendships in New York literary society wax almost nothing, and the arguments between and wane with less profound events?like the them, in large part because of them, are re- disheartening review given Norman's -autobio-- peated on every university campus in the graphical book, "Making it," in a 1968 issue of United States, as well as In every city and town The New York Review and the similar treatment where people who are intellectuals or think rpf themselves as intellectuals?and these days accorded Jason's book, "The Great Conspiracy who doesn't??get together. Trial," in Commentary last year. It is true that Norman Podhoretz is editor of Commen- ever since Edgar Z. Friedenberg's treatment of tary, which has a circulation of 60,000 a "Making It" ? in N.Y.R , except for a few cold hellos at one social gathering or another, Nor- -month, and, according to a study called "How man and Jason have not spoken to one another. and Where to Find the Intellectual Elite in the United States," which was published in Public Norman and his wife, Midge Deeter, used to be Opinion Quarterly last year, Commentary has among the dinner guests at the Epsteins' apart- more influence on the thinking of intellectuals ment, where Jason occasionally cooks superb _ meals on a restaurant-sized stove for as many " in this country than all but two other publica as 40 guests. Back in the sixties, you could have tions, one of which is The New York Review of Books, which has a circulation of about 100,000. the Podhoretzes to dinner and, say, Mary Mc- (The other is The New Yorker.) Carthy and Dwight MacDonald and Hannah Jason Epstein is one of the founders of The Arendt and Lillian Hellman and Hans Morgen- New York Review; he writes for it now and thau and Paul Goodman and Delmore Schwartz, again, and while he denies having any direct all at the same time. editorial influence on the magazine, his wife Alas, death and geography and politics and Barbara and his friend Robert 13. Silvers are the disheartening book reviews have separated top editors. And those who know all three find them now. Guest lists in the seventies must be it impossible to believe that they disagree on carefully examined to avoid.possible hair-pulling any major issue concerning the magazine. Jason among the ladies and fisticuffs among the men. Is also a -vice president and a senior editor of Was it the war in Vietnam that did it? Random House, one of the largest and most The war was certainly fundamental. It be- prestigious publishing houses in the country. came the central symbol in the argument Random House is owned by RCA, which also between Jason and Norman, and between New owns Alfred A. Knopf and Pantheon Books. The York Review and Commentary. In essence the ' three companies share the same sleek modern disagreement is over whether the System can or ? building on East 50th Street in New York and .should be salvaged, and to what extent the war is an aberration of the System or characteristic MERLE MILLER, the novelist, lives in Brewster, N. Y., of it. And whatever th.) personal animosities in splendid isolation from the wars of the New York invo lved in i the break between the two editors, Literary Mob. His new novel, -What Happened," will their di vision s taken seriously as illustrating be out this spring. the division in the country. A writer in the Catholic magazine Commonweal has said of constitute the most powerful book publishing their quarrel: combination in the country today;probably ever. "What once could be taken as another family Some people feel that the disagreement be- squabble among Manhattan literati looks more tween Jason and Norman is of importance only 'and more like an important indicator of future. to a coterie of so-called intellectuals in New political alignments." 'York. One observer says: "They don't under- So let us trace the story of the falling out stand the rest of the country and are deeply between these two gatekeepers of the literary fearful of A4101 FEffiteetggePpOlffigan'.:PANWObrtadi# n4180001-4 lypse. They e t at? t e ossac s come rom e the steppes, and to them the steppes are :061111.= I PIA MIAMI HERALD 19 MARCH 197^ Approved For Release 2001/03/04: Cl i CZe 671 MI1E11(111111 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 Il Il1llillil11111111111111111-11 11111111 I 1111111111111111111111111111E11 Ill Iiiiiii11111,1111111111111 IL 111P11111111111111111111111111111 - international Mystery Sh,r Lids Snectetula ? 1 Copt?r Escape From Mexican Prison By JOHN PLATERO Associated Press Writer ? -MEXICO CITY ? As al- most 00 prisoners and guards watched a movie called "The Altar of Blood," a U.S.-b ased helicopter swooped down within the Santa Marta Prison walls, scooped up two men and flew away with the answers to an international mystery. Joel David Kaplan of New York City was one of the two men who made the first known successful prison es- cape by helicopter. The confused and contra- dictory events that led to the 28-year prison sentence Ka- plan was serving for the al- leged murder. of Louis Mel- chor Vidal, hint at gun run- ning, international dope smuggling, espionage activi- ties, and the possibility that ? the body identified as Vidal waS that of an itinerant Turkish- peddler. Kaplan, '45, had admitted he was involved in smug- gling.. The son of Abram Isaac Kaplan, the molasses king, he traveled a great deal about the world, particularly in Latin America, loved ad- venture and actively was as- sociated with numerous com- panies connected with the family's business conglomer- ate. "KAPLAN was well-edu- cated, refined, loved politics . and could be consicler0 an expert on Latin American af- fairs," said Victor Velasquez, : the Mexican lawyer who'rep- ' resented him in his appeals after he was Convicted. .Deep investigation of con- flicting police records, law- yers' files and court testimo- ny points to a fascinating web of intrigue. The investi- gation turned up these possi- ble explanations for the "Ka- plan Caper": It could well have begun in the late 1950s and early '60s with a group of organizations loosely referred to as the Le- gion del Caribe. Among the legion was a group of merce- naries involved in terrorist and leftist movements in Central America and the Ca- ribbean Islands. Also quite active in that part of the world at the time was the U.S. Central Intelligence claimed body that resembled Agency (CIA). / Vidal, buy some blood plas- ma, fake a violent act and have their contacts cloud the legalities to proclaim Vidal dead. He, in turn, would wait near the Guatemalan border and when advised that he was "dead," cross into Cen- tral America and disappear. stolen from Mexican army arsenals .and then shipped from this country. by small boats. IN 1961, Vidal, 32,. was under pressure that already had cost him a severe beat- ing in New York City. Did it become wise to disappear? If so, the ideal place to do It was in Mexico where he had contacts in important places. Persons involved with the case say the plan was that Vidal and Kaplan would rneel in Mexico City, where they would look for an un- AT ONE TIME, the J. M. Kaplan Family Fund, a chari- table trust, served as an out- let for CIA money. Jack Ka- plan, Joel's uncle, told a Con-, gressional investigating corn raittee a few years ago that the Kaplan Fund had been used to funnel CIA funds. Vidal apparently led a shady life but he didn't have the stature or the financial independence that Kaplan enjoyed. He sold Cuban pesos on the black market and 'had been indicted in New York for fraud. "From bits and pieces put together here, including things that were said by Vi- dal's father, and a Spanish engineer associated with Vi- dal Sr., and some comments made by Kaplan, we know that Vidal had sold arms and ammunition," said Velas- (Inez. "We feel he sold arms to Castro and to members of ? Vidal, a New York city the Legion del Caribe." Puerto Rican, also had an in- . Knowledgeable persons ternational flavor to his life, say that much of the illegal His family, like Kaplan's, arms that were sold in Latin was connected with the Ariairu during those years sugar and ApproveduFofam ieaseib20011/030/04f ? ft- 40e 1ROZ1014301130011134Pod- z ism rircem A Mexican witness would be set up to identify the ''body," a "wife" would make a quick appearance and contacts in the U.S. Embassy would quickly accept a Mexi- can death certificate and au- thorize shipment of the corpse back to the States. Kaplan would leave ' Mexico as scion as the deed was done, visit Vidal's father in New York City to assure him his son was not dead and then go about his own busi- ness. VIDAL ARRIVED Nov. 11 about noon and met with Ka- plan, two of Kaplan's friends and an employe of Kaplan's Mexico City firm. That night Vidal took his hotel key, left his belongings behind and de- parted with Kaplan. He was never seen alive again. body to meet Vidal's speciff- cations. A borrowed car was al- ready on hand, so Kaplan posed as Vidal and went to the hotel with the room key. He paid the bill, checked out and kept the hotel key. Blood was poured on a pair of Vi- dal's pants., a jacket and a raincoat and then tossed near a lonely road outside the city. Next, according to a per- son connected with the case, they went to claim the body and planned to place it some- where near the clothing-. Po- licemould discover the cloth- ing which would have a cou- ple items including the hotel room key to show they be- longed to Vidal. There would also be in one of the pockets the name and address of the "wife". in New York. TIIEY THEN went to claim the body ? but it had already been claimed! They located the unclaimed body of an itinerant Turkish ped- dler who had lived alone a few miles outside the city. The fact that he weighed 50 pounds more than Vidal and was about 45 years older would have to be passed over through influence of Mexican friends. After they got the body, it was shot five times and bur- ied not far from where the clothing was thrown. On Nov. 13, Kaplan left Mexico for New York where he visited Vidal's father. Then he traveled to South ' America, Canada, and Eu- rope. The following day, Ka- plan's two friends, who had been involved in European espionage actitivies in the past, also departed. tries. Mexico, perhaps some arms stained clothing was found ? and morgues turned up a . CC',. STATINTL MIIIIMFor Release 2001/HibV.1 --STATINTL t o erms wit i 1 re new age it was not because Ire failed to understand its. seriousness but because he 'dis- dained it." , ? ? - , . of Hear Kissinger qua!- Cabinet, 'He was a Rococo figure, complex, finely carved, all sur- face,- like an intricately cut prism. His face was delicate but, Wit/rout depth, his conversation brilliant but without ulti- mate seriousness. Equally at home. the salon and in the' he was the lieau-ideal of [an] aristocracy which Ines .wilich have attracted him a great deal more popularity justified itself not by its truth but by its existence. And if in i"n06iicios igd 140diovintiol zfuld seem to '1 rfo, ITH TIIESE WORDS, A HARVARD: thesis-Writer named Henry Kissinger introduced Clemens Metternich, Austria's greatest foreign minister _and a man whOse.diplomatic life he has sought ' -to relive. As Richard Nixon's most influential advisor. on. foreign policy, Kissinger has embodied the role of the 15th century balance-of-power diplomat. He is cunning, elusive, and all-powerful in the sprawling sector of government which seeks to advise the President on national security :matters. As Nixon's personal ernissary to foreign dignitaries, to academia, and--as "a high White House official"-'-to the press, he is vague and unpredictable?yet he is the single authoritative carrier of national policy, besides the President himself.. Like the Austrian minister who became his greatest polit- ical hero,. Kissinger has used his position in government as T a protective cloak to conceal his larger _ambitions .and pur- poses.. Far from being the detached, objective arbiter of presidential decision-making, he has become a _crucial . molder and supporter of Nixon's foreign policy. Instead of merely holding the bureaucracy at comfortable arm's length, he has entangled it in a web of useless projects and studies,. cleverly shifting an important locus of advisory power from the Cabinet departments to his own. office. And as a confi- . denfial advisor to the President, he never speaks for the record, cannot be made to testify before Congress, and is identified with presidential policy only on a semi-public level. .His activity is even less subject to domestic .con- straints than that of Nixon himself. Not that any of this isvery surprising, however, because ? Kissinger .has emerged from that strain Of -policy thinking which is fiercely anti-popular. anCI 'anti-bureaucratic in its origins. Like the ministers who ruled post-Napoleonic Eur-, ope from the conference table at Vienna?and the Eastern :Establishment figures who preceded him as policy-makers of a later age--Kissinger believes that legislative bodies, bureaucracies, and fun-of-the-mill citizenries all lack the training and temperament that are needed in the diplomatic field. He is only -slightly less moved by the academics who parade down to Washington to be with the great man .and peddle their ideas. And when one sets aside.popular Congress, the ? bureaucracy, and the academic community, - there remains the President alone. The inescapable conclu- sion is that Henry Kissinger's only meaningful constitu- ency is a constituency of one. ? ? At a superficial level, the comparison with Metternich breaks down. As 'opposed to a finely carved figure, Kis, singer is only of average height, slightly overweight, ex; cessiyely plain, and somewhat stooped. Far from beau-ideal, he is a Jewish refugee, and he' speakswith a foreign accent. Despite the image of the gay divorce, the ruminations about his social activity seem to be grounded more in jour- nalism than in fact. ? ? ? But 3,vithout being a butterfly, Kissinger is a deeper indi- . vidual than the man he wrote about, and he possesses A proved.For. Release 2001/03/04 : CIA-RD - 1 1, by David Landau Li )1311011_ C'Te Approved For Releas140149,511q s JA-R13141J-M-610 C.V.-7,7 :A.)._ VA:4. i . . The . document reflects durng the '50s individual. assessments of Provided "limit( the ' CIA by thbse present. but dramatic re: ? li it ,, ---1.,;-?,--: .. J- kt_if.a..--A. r_)?ti) q.. I - The report- include.s a num- flights were lat( bei of general statements: of the ameell , , ?The. ,tv.i,e elements of scheduled sumr between Presic' CIA activity, "intelligence hower and : collection" and "covert ac-. after Francis G lion" (or 'intervention") 1-1 'ii was shot !lawn -,...- Ti -. ci It ???:--, !y-,-,arc not separated within (12'*;?11 -1. r),..4-i-N q;,-.1- ,,n ;1,1 sia.) Al..A..1L-i,... v,,-....ii.).....),.--, J?..,..!..,.0._y ,,....."1,. the agency but are consid- "After. five d. er PCI to "overlap and inter.; flights were act." . from. the Ru . --The focus of classical these .operation . espionage in Europe and highly secret. in. - I - , ? The written report of a confiden- other developed parts of States, and wit] tial discussion about Central latili the world had shifted son," reads the gence. Agency ,operations held in "toward targets in the un- these overflight 1963, a year after the public contro- derdevelopcd worlq." :leaked' to the versy over agency involvement with ? ?Due to the clear juris- press, the 1...; the National Student Assn., shows. :notional boundary be- ia-ve. been fore the CIA was anxious to establish nevi tween the CIA and FBI, thi?ction." , contacts with other student grouPs, intelligence -agency was The meeting,? foundations, universities, labor. orga- ''adverse to surveillance of :vas not to ronsi ? nizations and corporations for its US citizens overseas (even CIA missions so overseas wok. ? . .. .. when sPecificallY .1.0.,:illest- characterize gc . - ? ed) and .adverse to operat- cepts and procc The dis..:cussion Was held in Jariu- Mg against targets in the -discussion v.,:p.s i 'fly 1963 among ranking govermnent United _,:tates, ONCept for- of a council stu officials and former officials, includ- ( ng several forrner CIA of ricers, eigners here as transients." "Intelligence a; --The acquisition of a Policy." - ..t/uncles the auspices of the Council on secret speech by Soviet The ehairrru? Foreign Relations in NCW York. - Premier Nikita Khrush-- meeting? was t - -Though no.- direct quotes Pre at- .chev in February 1956 was Dillon, an in v tributed in the report, the opinion a classic example of the po-, 1)i:ulcer who 112 ___..4. 1,,,,V N.,:l. 11 r - -.1.11V-7 lilic'lltaiirC In WaS stated by the discussion leader, litical use Of secretly cc-. Washington. as underscore- the statement that "it is 1,7 'Richard M. Bissell Jr., formerly' a viral intelligence. The tary of State and Secretary notably true. of the subsi- deputy director of the CIA, that: "If State Department released of the Treasury in the Ken- 'dies to student, labor and the agOney is to be effective, it wilt the text which, according nedy Administration. ;cultural groups that .1-utve- have to mal,:e use of private. institu- to cue Participant,-prompt- Twenty persons were recently- been publicized tions on an expanding scale, . though ed "the beginning of thi. listed as attending includ- that the zigency's objective these relations which have 'blown' split in the Communist lug prominent former offi_ was never to control their cannot be resurrected." ' ? . .. movement." 5ince this cials and educators like -;,ctivities, only occasionally .speech had been specifical- . The diseusSi011 al :4) referred .to the ,- T-TAarrY 1-Iowe Ranscnn.. ofYto point them in a paral ti- ly . targeted before ac- vanderbut University! it lar direction, but primarily continued utility of labor grouPs and quired, the results mea 'it to 1/ivid B. Truman, presi-? to enlarge them and render Ainerican corporitions to C.I.!\ opc,.ra- this Partieilmult that it Yoti dent of Mt. Holyoke Col- them more effective." tions. No such groups or corporations.. get a pt-ecise target and go lege, . - :after it,' you .can change ' An an article in the t-*.iat- are named. ' , , . - T4 list 'included Allen \tirclay Evening Post in May ? ? The- I.:fatten report, like OtherS historY." ? _...onetratten,?: joy es_ \V. Dulles, former' dire.ctor 1937, Thomas Braden, who sponsored by lite council, is consid- - of the CIA., and Robert ,}-(ad helped set up the sub-. Cl by the p:.:tip rticants as "confi- tablishing persond Amory Jr., 'who had .been 1' sidles With Dulles, defend- dential" and "completely off the rec--. tions hips with _individuals deputy direetor, as well as . ed the El? Way to .. . - - ratner than . simply hirMg ord." ? ? ? ? ? Bissell, who had been clop- combat the . seven major . ? . , ? .theth was rerfarded as i . The document. is being circulated % ' especially useful in theun- C n uty director until shortly. front organizations of the . by the Africa Research Group, --.7,t. derdeveloped .world. The after the Bay of Pigs inva- Mmunist \Wild i which small, radically oriented organization statement is made that sion, in which the CIA was ?the Russians through the headquartered in Cambridge, because ,. cover i t ntervention (in involved. . use? of their international ? 'it offers a primer-on , the underdeveloped \vorld) The discussion took place fronts.had stolen the great U he theory and practice of CIA ma? , is ustuthy designed to oper- just a year after res ela- 5y01 cis SUCh as peace., ju.3- nipulations.:! . . .. ' ' ate on the 'internal power tie ns by Ramparts maga_ tice and freedom." . ? .. Portions of the document balance, often with a fairly zinc c o a c e r n in g' CIA- I/ me? report' shows that are scheduled to appear Shog-term objective." funded training of agents, the publicity had not been today in the 'thnversity - --The reconnaissance of -for South Vietnam at ns d,,,,,h-,,, Review," aAiSfiroied-For Relet sea200t103/044101A-RDP80-01601R00010018.0001 -14 CAA activi- o. " ,based monthly. By Crocker Snow Jr. Globe Staff STATINTL 5:1AILL\LIL -.Approved For Release 2001/03/04 Cm-Kurou-016 September .15, 1971 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD ? Extevs;ovs JOR that now exists in many countries. We will also urge that such a system eliminate the inequitable "reverse preferences" that now discriminate against Westera Hemis- phere countries. The President was certainly correct when he said that-- united States trade policies often have a very heavy impact on our neighbors. . As an example, - Mexico imported $1.505 billion worth of AtneriCan goods, mostly 'manufactured items, last year. '1.'1.1e United States imported $833 million worth of Mexican goods, resulting in a plus U.S. trade balance of $832 million. . Mexico, like nao5.1t of the developing nations in Latin America is striving to build its manufacturing capabilities in order to create join and raise its GNP.. President Nixon has not only broken. his promise to "press for a liberal system of generalized tariff prefer- ences for all developing countries, in- cluding Latin America," but he has slapped Mexico and our other neighbors with a surcharge of 10 percent on their export.seto the United States. Surely the President 'was correct when he said during the economic package an- , nounecinent, that the "temporary" sur- charge was aimed at trading- nations with under-valued currencies. Given that, why Cid he break his promises to our developing. neighbors and levy pre-- - ciseiy the samo surcharge against them as he applied to the developed nations? - But the levying of the surcharge was not the .only broken promise, in order to increase the drama involved ,in"an- nouncing such a comprehensive econom- ic package, President Nixon broke his express 'promise to have "advance con- fsultation on trade matters" which he made in the Inter-American Press As- sociation speech: - In a speech delivered yesterday before the U.S. Cxevernors Conference in San juan, P.R., OAS Secretary General Gal() Plaza. stated: The new economic policy announced by the the United States Government last month has, understandably, not been well received In Latin America. The surcharge on imports ceems to undercut both the general U.S. commitment toward freer trade and the opecific U.S. commitment to. help. Latin America expand and diversify Its -exports. I find Secretary General Gab o Plaza to be most diplomatic indeed. He might have stated simply: "President Nixon lied to us." I would remind President Nixon and Use Members of this body. of one or two economic facts of life: . ? First. Latin America is the only major world area in which the United States maintains a favorable trade balance. Second. That favorable trade balance amounted to $700 .million last year. Third. The United States exported al- most $5 billion worth of goods to Latin America in 1909. . Fourth. The old days when the Latin Ameriertn nations had nowhere else to go for their imports are over. West Oer- many, Japan, France, Great Britain, and even the Soviet Union are accelerating their experts to Latin American nations. As MI example, in a recent closed session of the Foreign Relations Committee ill \ one of the hoaaes of the Brazilian -Con- gress, the Foreign Minister of Brazil stated that last year, for the first time in its history, Brazil traded more with the Common Market nations than it did with the United States. This morning the Washington Post published an editorial which is very ger- mane to the subject of the impact of the 10-percent import surtax on our south- ern neighbors. The editorial entitled, "Who Pays the Tariff?" follows: Wno vho-)--rs THE TARLIFF? 1.11 the current pushing and shoving among the world's great trading nations, a lot of small countries arc getting hurt. Latin America, illustrates the point. The United States did not- really intend to harm the Latin economics last month when it imposed. its 10 per cent surtax on imports. The truth is that the White House and the Treasury were not thinking, about Latin America at all. But intentional or not, the damage is real and the- consequences are going to- be scri- ous. President Nixon worked. out his economic program with the advice of a spetial Com- mittee of able and experienced citizens, headed by Albert. Williams, whose report has now been published. But in the matter of tariffs the President overrode this committee, which urged hini to move toward removal of all barriers to international trade. The Williams committee Is right on this issue, and the President is wrong. The evidence is already visible to the south. The Latin Americans protest, with good logic, that it is unjust to maize them pay a surtax designed to remedy a trade crisis in. which they played no part. Latin America has traditiorw.11y bought more from the United 'States than it sells hero. The Latins, are not, the people to .sce a-bout revaluing the yon and the Deutschemark, But the United States meets all objections with a shrug and the oh2ervation that it can't start making ex- ceptions now. Mr. Nixon attempted tbis week to placate the Latins with the decision 1-hat, for them aloin:, he w-ould cancel -the 10 per cent re- duction in foreign aid; it had originally been Part of the program announced a month ago, with the surtax. But the countries getting the most a-id are 'not those hardest hit by the surtax. . The extreme exaMples are Mexico and Brazil. Mexico clues more business Nvith the United States than any other 'country in Latin America and will be DlOre severely darnaE,,ed by the surtax than any other. But Mexico takes no direct aid from the United States. On the other hand, the United States gives more Rid to Brazil than to any other Latin country. Brazil does hall aS 11111.0h b11.5i- neSS With the United States as Mexico does. Since coffee is exempt, the surtax applies only to about 15 per cent of Brazil's exports to this country. But it applies to fully 50 per cent of Mexico's exports here. Less than two years ago Mr. Nixon deliv- ered a glowing speech on this country's re- sponsibilities to Latin Ainerica. "They need," he said then, "to be assured of access to tin; expanding markets of the industrialh,ea world." . He promised them advance con- sultation On trade matters, and he also' promised to pyrsue, worldwide, "a liberal system, of generalized tariff preferences." Thu- got ne consultation on the surtax, ob- viously, and now they see the United States the lead in raising tariffs. Unfor- tunately the price of the.-3e moves comes high, and. ranch of it is ult:rn ately paid by sro.;-.Cil natkmS 1-hat cannot p.f..ord their large neigh.' boss' mistakes. , BILDERB1,-haG : THE COLD WA INTL TIONA HON. 1;10.CJI( I.ClUISIANA IN THE HOUSE OF REPHEZ;ENTATIV Werlmosda-g, Scptcniber 15, 1571 RI-RICK. Mr. Speaker, cam several occasions dining recent Months, I called the attention of our colleagues to ac- tivities of the Bilderbergers----an elite in- ternational group comprised of high Gov- ernment ofileials, international final).- . ciers, businessmen and opinionmakers.-- see Comumssionnt, Rxociati, IE.010-z-8 of May 5, 1971, entitled "Bilderbergers' Woodstock Meeting;" 113701 to 113707 of May 10, 1971, entitled "U.S, Dollar Crisis---A Dividend of Internationalism;" )11/1979 to E4985 of May 24, 1071, entitled "Secret Bilderberg Meeting and the Logan Act;" and E7786 to E7707 of July 16, -1971, - entitled "Bilrica?berg Case: Reply Fr011l U.S. Attorney General's Of- fice." This exclusive international aristocracy - ,holds highly secretive meetings annually or more often in various countries. The limited information available about What transpires at these meetings reveals that they discuss matters of vital ini.por-ah ice which affect thc lives of all citizens. Presidential Adviser Henry His,:thiger, who made a secret visit to Peking froni July 9 to 11, 1971, and arranged for a Presidential visit to Red China, was re- ported to be in attendance at -the Most. recent Bilderberg meeting held in Wood- stock, Vt., April 23-25, 1971.. The two points reportedly discussed at the Wood- stock meeting were "the contribution of business in dealing with current prob- lems of social instability" and "the pos- sibility of a change of the AmeriCan role in. the world and its consequences." _Following. these . secret discussions, which aro certainly not -in keeping with. the Western political tradition of "open COVeD.P.)AS openly arrived at," the par- ticipants return to their respective coun- tries with the general pj-tblic left unin- formed, notwithstanding the attendance of some news media representatives, of any of the recommendations and plans agreed upon as it result of the disells- S.1071S?or for that matter_ even the oc- curence of the meeting itself. Because the American people have a rig-ht to know of any projections for a change in America's role in the world and because -Henry Hissinl-,,er and other Government ofileials and influential Americans met with high Government officials and other pow?crful foreign lead- ers, sought to have more information about the recent Bilderberg meeting made public by robing the Question to the U.S. P.-ttorney General of a possible violation of the Logan Act by Arnerlean 31articipants and asked if the Justice De- Partmcnt anticipated taking 0.ny action in the matter. The i eply froin the Justice Depart- ment, in effect, was that all of the eie- ments constituting a violation of the Lo- gan. Act were present; and that the De- partment contemplated no action but Approved For Releae 2001/03/04 CIA-RDP80-01601R000100180001-4 STATINTL Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-0160 APPLETON , WISC . POST?CRESCENT E ? 43,953 S ? 48,116 4 int - it Was right cut of the Three eMusketeers oiethe Scarlet Pimpernel or Maybe-just Zorro. But the rescue of an. --?American, convicted of murder in.. .7Mexico, by a helicopter which simply landed and picked him up will be something prison- authorities won't. - forget for some time. Joel Kaplan had been convicted of murder in Mexico and sentenced to 23 years in prison, lie has served nine of .. them. He is the heir to a considerable - fortune and has a mysterious background including rumors of being involved with the Central Intelligence Ale Agency and political intrigues in Latin America. His Mexican attorney says the ? murder charges were ridiculous but relatives were worried because er Kaplan's health .Was failing in prison. ? Apparently several other attempts had ? been made to get him out. . The successful break was .made when. ? all . but five guards were watching a movie. There was no opposition to. the landing of the helicopter or any shots fired as it left. After transferring to a private plane, Kaplan and the pilot legally landed at Brownsville, .Texas, where they were checked out for nar-. cotics and then sent on their way. - Mejco apparently doesn't intend to bring any extradition proceedings. For one thing it is no crime to break jail. in Mexico unless violence iS involved. In the peaceful landing and takeoff Of the helicopter, there was no violence. But while the episode is humorous, it . does .bring up some long range questions. If the murder charge was so untenable, why was it not fought by American authorities? Did some of Kaplan's funds actually go to a school in Costa Rica that had soMething to do with. ' the C.I.A. and was a.Kaplan family fund . used to convey money .from the State Department to that school as .a relative ? now claims? Did American authorities ? have anything to do with the escape and was it something of a face-saving mechanism for our relations with Mexico? There are many unanswered questions and probably there won't be any sure answers. But anyway it a refreshing episode even if the stakes were really not as high as might be in- dicated and even had the skids been carefully greased ahead of time. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000100180001-4 rairm; TOfl c5 STATI NTL .Approved For Release 2001/00,/14ipCpjfi-RDP80-01601R00 t.Tc7 11 k4.?/cAl/ 4-47 .41) r/7) 1/ Ii? -1111 d V.,1-1/(LLij IL Q,c/U(". 4'1. r TT MI/ VI/ ' ? -By Francis 13. Kent Los Angelcs Times ' - MEXICO CITY -- Joel David Kaplan would itot stand out in 'a crowd. - Slightly built, going bald, he might be taken for a shy ac-' countant. ' Yet this outwardly unas- stuning figure has twice burst into the headlines here, first on being con- victed of murder touched with foreign intrigue, then as the central. figure in a dramatic escape from prison. .Both incidents, it ap- peared, are in keeping with the 'personality of the real joel Kaplan. Erom information sup- Plied by those who knew him here, friends and prison authorities, Kaplan emerges as a kind of Jekyll and Hyde, quiet and reflective one minute, bold and swash- buckling, the next. Little is known of his early years, except that he Was born in New York on Oct. 17, 1D26, that he f;raclu- ated from a military acad- emy at Roswell, N.141., at the age of 16' and that he en- listed in the Navy the follow- ing year. It was not until March, 3961, that the record begins to catch up with him. MOlasses Business , At that time he entered Mexico using what officials describe as a fraudulent British passport, describing himself as a photographer although he was known to be an executive of a New York firm engaged in the purchase of 'molasses. Eight months lat er he was tharged with the murder of a business associate, Luis Melchior Vidal, . Convicted and sentenced to 28 years in prison, he de.- nie.d'steadfastly that he had killed 'Vidal, although he ad-. mated to an interviewer' in, 1667 that he had taken part JOEL D. KAPLAN . in shaCtowry world in a conspiracy; hatched in New York, to make it ap- pear that Vidal had been killed. Vidal, he said at the time, was in trouble for traf- ficking in illegal arms. Prison officials contend' that during his years in var- ious penitentiaries here Kaplan drank heavily and at one time used narcotics sup- plied by easily bribed guards. . t Reporters who talked with. him concede the probability,r citing Kaplan's moody- dis- trust of relatives, his tend- ency to contradict himself and his fear of being killed. He is reported to have failed in at least one suicide at- tempt and is quoted as say- ing on more than one Occa- sion: "If I ever get out. of here won't live 21 hours." CIA Agent? ? K.aplan's attorney', the noted Mexican ;trial lawyer Victor Velasquez, insists that his clicnt was an agent of the. Central intelligence, but well-placed .sources hero argue that the. Mexican government, would. in no circumstances jail a. CIA operative. . ? Still, his uncle, J. M. Kap- lan, is known to have es- tablished a foundation cite( as a conduit for CIA funds. Joel Kaplan, without elabo- rating, often said?that it was in his uncle's interest to keep him in prison here. In November, 1.967, the uncle told Kaplan in a letter made available here that he had had no contact with the CIA "for years" and that he had no reason to want his nephew imprisoned. Those at fault, he added, Were "the crowds of leeches and blood- suckers who surround you . : . part of the poison known as the Mafia." Curiously, Ards man who admits to have smuggled guns and taken part in a sin- ister conspiracy was mice a figure of some renown in New York society. He NV a S married for a time to a model named Bonnie Sharie and was seen frequently in New York's posh watering places. ..Now,? having engineered a spectacular escape from prison, he pre:qui-ta1)1y has disappeared into the shad- owy world that better fita the other Joel David Kaplan. STATI NTL Approved For Release 2001/03/04.: CIA-RDP80-01601R000100180001-4 Approved For Release 2003160400111A-RERNIrtO1R MEXICO - Whirlaway ? Most of the. 136 guards at Mexico City's Santa Maria A.catitla prison were watching a movie with the prisoners last week when a Bell helicopter, sim- ilar in color to the Mexican attorney gen- eral's, suddenly clattered into the. pris- on yard. Some of the guards on duty presented arms, supposing that the. hell- C,opter had brought an unexpected of- ficial visitor. What they got was a dif- ferent sort of surprise. As the chopper set down on the paving stones, two pris- oners dashed out of Cell No. 10. The men were airborne in less than two min- utes. One of the most enterprising jail- breaks in modern times had been ac- complished without a shot being fired. The more notable of the two es- capees was Joel David Kaplan, 4=1, a New York businessman and nephew of Molasses Tycoon Jacob M. Kaplan, whose S.M. Kaplan Fund was narned in a 1964 congressional investigation as Er conduit for CIA money for Latin Amer- ica. The younger Kaplan had been con- victed in 1962 for the Mexico City murder of his New Yor,17 business part- ner, Louis Vidal Sr. Kaplan claimed at the trial that Vidal, who had been in- volved iii narcotics and gunrunning, had constructed an elaborate plot to dis- appear. The murder victim, Kaplan 'maintained, was not even Vidal, and in- deed, serious doubts were raised about the body's identity. When Kaplan took it on the Jam, he was accompanied by Carlos Antonio Contreras Castro, a Ven- ezuelan counterfeiter.. The escape plans had apparently been completed the day before when an American man visited Cell No. 10 and looked over the prison yard. He was ac- companied by both men's wives. (Kap- lan had married a Mexican woman?the only way he could have visitors, he said ?without bothering, to divorce New York Model Bonnie Sharie.) After the escape, Kaplan and Castro 'switched to a small Cessna at a nearby airfield and were flown to La Pesca airport near the Texas border, where two more planes awaited them. One flew Castro to Gua- temala; the other flew Kaplan to Texas and then on to California. Kaplan used his own name when he passed U.S. cus- toms at Brownsville. Both the helicopter, which was later found abandoned, and the Cessna had been bought in the at an atimated cost of S100;000. No James hand. At week's end neither man had been caught. Kaplan's Mexican attorney declared that his client was a CIA agent and that the rescue had been engineered by the agency. But a spokes- man for Jacob Kaplan pooh-poohed all that. "People are determined to substi- tute James 13ond for the Kaplan. family name,' he said, though he could offer no explanation of just who had carried out the spectacular stunt. Jo Mexico, meanwhile, Attorney General Sulio San- chez Vargas was forced to resign, and prison officials and all 136 guards were arrested for questionMo. The movie, af- ter all, had been the first shown at the prison M two years. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000100180001-4 . LOS ANGELES TI.3?AES Approved For Release 200)/p3A4 ? CJA-ROPSPACriOntRO ub 19/1 btrx, ? Ji\s? (, vt cl . CV.7. r.,1. 7 fr ? =?, '?I ? FlatiNCYs' B. KiiNT Timn Star; 'eri!Dr is known that l'i' `' 'aplon MEXICO CITY?The few. guardstn s, ar? rived hTerein, who hadn't gone, to the Movie pre- early IT6t-ii as a represents., sented arms smVtly as the helicop- of 't??? American -u- ? ter chattered out of a nay, drizzling cro".? c ? o., al Ina Ae Angust sky and sett14. onto tho pri- the: s' olit an hweststi, ?r ci soli courtyard. But no dignitary -Molasses Co. of Ne?\;l'ilo:rk. alighted. Instead, two Inmates. dart- The following November ed across the open space, clambered an associate the sucrose aboard and were whisked, away into firm, Luis Meicl;i0i; the gathering dusk. was reported shot to death Thus Joel David Kaplan, an and a body identified as American adventurer, wrote the last his was found : several chapter but one of a bizarre scenario :miles from here on the that few writers of fiction would at- road to Cuernavaca. Ka- tempt. The final chapter and the plan and two others were complete Cast of characters may re- charged with murder. main forever a mystery except to T 1.1 ? To this point a seems the people directly involved, plausible enough. A busi- For Kaplan, after serving nine ness disput e. Heated years of a long sentence here. for words. Hired assassins . murder with intriguing, overtones, and a quick settlement of disappeared account. Nothing out of - Aug-. 18 almost ? into .thin left, behind a tan- "lc 01.(li1 rY iri gled skein m fact' runlor,'su?estion ,then or now. But a closer and. conjecture that ray art-e-ver Jeok at the priiacipals sug- sorted out. ? gests something else. What, for instance, really bro.ught Vidal, the alleged victim, Kaplan to Mexico in the spring 0-r- \va,s 1:1-111mred, at? not 1961? Business' :_rt cOntraet ' to navo ricer' Ion involved in tho business of sup- ? other kind? What Diotive lvould have had f.or killing the rnan jiCwas PlYing arms g?vern- :convicted of killing? was Hai)lan in ? anents with ready cash and fact a -as. intelligence agant?-was no.hangups about keeping .the Untral Intelligence zgoriey that records. He was said to. planned and carried out the spectao- have taken money from ular Aug. 18 escape? the Castro government in The record, pieced together fromr. Cuba but then reneged on yellowing nowspaperchppinf, feta deliv,ery. Jr court, it was mal testi in o n y anti' interleav- identified as Vidal' testii:ied that the body was , S leaves, a checkerboard of blank sna- .'-ces.? that of a man in his 70s, twice Vidal's ac,e. .0 ? Uncle's Foundation Perhaps coincidentally, it was his uncle, J. M. Ka- plan, who founded the Ka- plan Foundation of New Y o r k, which has been identified in congressional testimony as one, of the o t herwise philanthropic agencies used for channel- ing CIA funds to labor and,/ it has been ? learned, Ka:- student organizations. ? plan's wife and an Amen- duck out by clinging to a truck's underside earlier . this year, that Kaplan fi- nally carried off the bold plan. The helicopter simply appeared, took on its -pas- sengers and disappeared as quickly as it had come. On board with Kaplan was another inmate, Carlos Antonio Contreras Castro, a Venezuelan citizen serv- ing nine year's for robbery and forgery. At Santa Marta A.catitla, Also perhaps coinciden- tally, both of Kaplan's al- leged accomnlices in the Vidal slaying were men of curiously similar b a c it- ground. Both promptly slipped out of the country- and disappeared. - One of these was Harry Kopelsohn, a naturalized. citizen of Israel who was born in Kiev. Kopelsohn, also known as Earl Scott, was widely rumored to be an agent of the Israeli . government. The other was' Evsie S. Petrushan- sky, also born in Russia., who described himself as a movie and television di- rector working out of New York. and Baltimore. Speculation' has it that Kaplan's escape plans be- gan to take shape in 196,5, when as an inmate of Me- leo City's infamous Le- cumberri prison he mar- ried Irma Vasquez Calde- ron. Under Mexico's :vs- _ c? tern of almost unlimited Kaplan himself, in pri- son interviews; hinted broadly at having served the CIA. He said he. had .been in naval .intelligence in 19z15-46 in Miami, a hotbed ? of Cuban agents and Cuban' intrigue. Hp' said .he h a d smuggled guns in Central America but in that "al- ? though I'm no boy scout" he had had nothing to do with the alleged murder of Vidal. privileges for )risoners with money,. the Calderon woman was free to enter. and leave Lecumberri al- most at will. ? t From Lecumberri, lo- cated in the heart of the capital, Kaplan was soon transferred to Santa Marta Acatitla3 a maximum se- curity federal prison on the city's southern out- skirts. It was there, after an unsuccessful attempt to can friend, identified only as Harvey Orville Dail, vi- sited Kaplan only a few hours before the escape. The helicopter, .along with two light planes em- ployed in: the elaborate operation, have been traced as far as the Texas border and there the trail ends. Kaplan is believed to have CI' s e d into the United States at Browns- ville and headed west, pos- sibly to California, and the Venezuelan is thought. to have, been flown .south to Guatemala and points. beyond. . Trail Cooling Mcanwhil c, with the trail cooling at what ap- pears to be a dead end, . Mexican authorities are concentrating on what transpired at Santa Marta Acatitla. The prison corn, mandant, his chief assis- tant and an increasing number of guards are be- ing held, for. questioning. Despite testimony to the contr any, investigators have established that the prison's alarm system was funetiOning and that the guards' rifle 's were ? in working order. . Few observers d o u Ii t that part of the half-mil- lion dollars estimated to have gone into the scheme found its way into the pri- son. ? But the money's source, like the where- abouts of Joel David HaP- lan, remains a mystery. . Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000100180001-4 (12 LOS ANGELES 5:DES Approved For Release 2110M3/1641: CIA-RDPAT-Mbja000 Er,,yu,,AN ri-1-1Y DE TYPE q 11%77;3!l/7 r '