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September 13, 1972
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Approved For Release 2001/6?O k'~T~ 1F W80-01601 SEP1972 Scene T-11 go I ZI T By David Legge When the Rev. R. J. Henle began his presidency. of Georgetown University three years ago, students demanded lie shut down the university's Center for Strategic and Inter- national Studies "because they thought it was'supported by CIA funds, a tool of the mili- tary-industrial complex and because it was conservative and assist," he said last night. lienle spoke to some 200 members of the international corporate and intellectual community who had come to- ? ?gether to mark the 10th an- niversary of what is popular- ly known as Georgetown's "think tank." Though little-known even among Georgetown students (.the Center's offices are located off-campus at 1800 K St. NW), the Center has been turning out esoteric publications on the state of the world since Adm. Ar- leigh "31-Knot" Burke, for- mer chief of Naval Opera- tions, founded the operation in 1962. Last night, Burke ended his formal active duty with the Center to became as he put it, the "out-of-residenc son of a bitch" and "to get to know my wife" (to whom he's been married for neat= )y 50 years). Burke has been chail-man of the center' for nine 61 the last 10 years, "an U4- popular position," . Burke said last night, "because it's always unpopular vhen you Present all sides of the is- sues." Burke said he expects nfi great change in direction at the Center, although one. former fellow said its orien- tation has been changing gradually. over the years away from its mainly militV- ist.ic studies toward more liberal topics and points of view. STATINTL Approved For Release 2001./03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000100220001-9 Approved For Relea +9 2O01408'0.4`4M RDP80-016 +I i' 19'f2 131 'STATINTL &r I- u ttz A virtual news blackout has been . declared by the nation's press concerning the major legal challenges that have been launched against the Central Intelligence Agency. \ `~ .~~4 l Earlier this year on July 20, an import- ant decision in the U.S. Third Circuit Court of Appeals guaranteed that the CIA would be brought to court on a challenge that had been in process since 1968. Amcrica's greatest newspaper "of record" the New York Times, ignored the story, as did the Washington Evening Star and most other papers. The Washington Post carried the story as a small item on page ten. It was confirmed that editors were well aware of the story and its importance. . The August 10 filing of a suit in Wash- ington against CIA Director Richard Helms and other government officials was a mat- ter of court record and easily accessible to the news media. In addition, a news re- lease containing essential facts about the'. story was hand delivered to the Washing- ton Post, the Evening Star, the Associated Press and United Press International. . A week later, not one line concerning it had appeared anywhere in the country. *Special to the Virginia Weekly America's "invisible government,', the A call to one of Washington's two. dail- ies produced this comment from a leadirrg reporter: "You can call it a 'press con- spiracy' if you like, but we're not going to print it and I'm sure no one else is either: The Washington suit followed closely a trail-blazing decision on July 20 of this year by the U.S. Third Circuit Court of Appeals in Philadelphia. In that decision a majority of the court held that there was a serious legal question concerning the constitutionality of the CIA act of 1949 which established a secret procedure for financing the agency. Central Intelligence (CIA), owes its exist- ence to a piece of legislation that is uncoil- A VIRTUALLY IGNORED CLAUSE' This is the likely import of'recent ac- tions in Federal Courts in Washington and Philadelphia. The spy agency receives somewhere between four and twenty billion dollars each year in public funds (how much is?a closely guarded secret) that are carefully hidden throughout the appropriations figures for the entire federal government. The new suit also asks for a state.-by. state and nation-by-nation breakdown of CIA expenditures, as well as separating ignored clause of the United St,3tcs Con- stitution specifically requiring that "a? regular Statement and Account of the Receipt and Expenditures of all public money shall be published from time to In a suit filed August 10; in the-U.S. time." The CIA act of 1949 just as expli- District Court for the District of Coluin- citly states "...Sums made available to y CIA Director Richard Helms and Eliot Richardson, Secretary of the Department of Health, Education and Welfare are brought into the local suit. secrecy three o'f'IRtp or a ng 2uvgard fo Theme provistons of G verrrJXQl R000100220001-9 ing. _ .Lunds." STATINTL Approved For Release 2061/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601 Berge said the candlelight EVANSVILLE, IND. rally which preceded the vio- COURIERfAAY 12, 1972 lence in the downtown area was lyl - 6`j904 sanctioned by the student gov- ernment and peaceful. COURIER & PRESS He placed the number of the S - 109,651 group at a maximum of 200 persons and said members have allied themselves with Al- ~~~1 len whose tenure has been de- nied and who is greatly op- t posed to the Vietnamese Stud- At S1 ies Center on campus. Derge said it was "regret- table" the violence occurred "in the company of a large celul number of ? persons who them- rea $elves were not bent on vio- 1ence. By A C.urier staff Writer Carbondale authorities placed CAR13ONDALE, Ill. - About the number of persons on the 400 demonstrators gathered in streets during the rampage at 2,000. front of the president's office at _ it y S o u t h e r n Illinois Univers here Thursday evening for a peaceful 45-minute show of dis- approval of the Indochina war and the SIU Vietnam Study Center. The display carne in the wake of more violent action Wednes- day night wheel 1,500 students ignored an 11 p.m. curfew- re- sulting in 54 arrests - and $5,000 damage to store windows in the downtown area. SIU president David Derge condemned the rampage as the "work of small destructive groups which has been attempt- ing to perpetrate such violence for more than a month." - One of the demands of the _group Thursday night was that assistant philosophy professor Doug Allen be reinstated and given the tenure he was refused in February for "subversive in- f 1.u e n c e upon students," a source said. CIA Backed The demonstrators also called for a,severance of ties between the University' and the, SIU Vietnam stud' Center - A re- search program accused by the ptotesters of being "a CIA backed agency." The SIU Student senate voted Thursday afternoon to help pay the $5,000 window damage in the ]5 stores and to condemn the Wednesday demonstration and warn students against par- ticipating in further night pro- t tests. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000100220001-9 Y SIAIINIL NATION.U GU ~RDTAN Approved For Release 2001/('l 0FPdV RDP80-01601 U'1 *_X t-11 !4 1 U91 + ~ ~ Il J U L L111" By Irwin Silber . Massive, nationwide protests against the students broke into the building while U.S. escalation of the Indochina War-and another 300 remained outside. Office particularly the renewed bombing of Hanoi equipment was damaged or tossed out and Haiphong-are developing a vigorous windows and antiwar slogans were momentum. spraypainted on walls inside. A small fire At Guardian press time (April 19), ac- was reportedly set but it was quickly putout. tions, demonstrations, strikes and rallies had' The building occupation came early in the been reported from more than 50 cities and evening April 18 when the 500 students scores of college campuses. broke away from a larger march of 2000 The antiwar response was focusing on people who were marching from the Boston three main actions: Commons to Harvard Square. Police in riot -A nation-wide student strike called for gear scaled off the square, fired tear gas and April 21, by the National Student arrested at least two persons. A 9 p.m. to 5 Association (NSA) in conjunction with a.m. curfew also was imposed. With the h more t an 30 student _ government square sealed off, other students marched presidents. into the business district of Cambridge, -The April 22 mass marches and rallies Mass., where they broke windows in the in New York and Los Angeles called by the post office building, several stores and an National Peace Action Council (NPAC) and IBM office. a similar action in San Francisco under the The protests were started by 1000 auspices of the Anti-Imperialist Coalition. students and other young peo- All sectors of the antiwar movement were pie at the University of Wisconsin uniting in support of these demonstrations. in Madison who marched on the State -An Emergency National Antiwar Capitol on April 13 in a demonstration Moratorium calling for one-hour (noon to 1 against the bombing. called by the student p.m.) rallies, work stoppages and similar government and several local government actions on May 4, the second anniversary of officials. The demonstrators invaded bank the Kent State murders. offices, rallied on the state capitol grounds band 'urned an effigy of Nixon At one point . Strike wave builds on campuses they overran police lines. Four days later, The April 21 student strike, called on one more than 3000 youths in Madison marched week's notice, was shaping up as the most on the University's. ROTC building and massive outpouring of campus . antiwar smeared blood on the walls. protest since the spring of 1970 when student Major actions were also reported at reaction to the invasion of Cambodia vir- Columbia University in New York City tually shut down the nation's colleges for (April 17) where 2000 students marched more than a week. down Broadway to demonstrate against the Even before the national strike date, a bombing of Haiphong; the University of wave of strikes and other militant actions Florida in Gainesville, University of began erupting on campuses across the Chicago, San Francisco State, Brown, Holy country. As of noon on April 18, students Cross, Boston U., Utah and dozens of others. were already reported out or taking strike A representative of NSA told the votes at Columbia University, Stanford, the Guardian that more than 200 colleges and University of Illinois in Champaign, universitites were expected to shut down on , University of Wisconsin, Amherst College April 21 in response to the strike call- expects upward of 3000 people to march and Chicago Theological School. Groups of Student newspapers at eight Ivy League together in a disciplined fashion, expressed students at Colgate University, N.Y., and Colleges-Brown, Columbia, Cornell, full support of the rally. Asked about Grinnell College, Iowa, were reported on Dartmouth, Harvard, Pennsylvania, Prin- charges that the contingent had disrupted hunger strikes. From Boston came a report ceton and Yale-carried a joint editorial the Nov. 6 antiwar assembly in Central Park, that demonstrating students at Holy Cross endorsing the April 21 strike. Attica Brigade representatives denied the, University had set fire to the ROTC building accusations and stated that they were op- on campus. April 22: Moss protests posed to any disruptive actions directed At the same time, campus demonstrations Meanwhile, the April 22 mass demon-. against the April 22 demonstration. spilled'out onto the streets in Washington, strations in New York, Los Angeles and San D.C. where students at American University Francisco were shaping up into. massive Moratorium called blocked traffic on Massachusetts Avenue outpourings of protest. Originally seen as The May 4 Emergency Moratorium is and at the University of Maryland where actions of somewhat modest proportions the being organized by a group of individuals students severed Route 1 and temporarily three marches and rallies were building into associated with the Institttte for Policy stopped traffic .on this kev ,i~~ttt~~tt'stat huge demo%PM ior~},~T 11 Pj 4 on, D.C., in Police open e ~~tFt~d~hQ~aVeo31$i2OO1 ~ t4s6 ii0 t6Ot11 O0~WOf t7i conjunction wit t t e SA and some of the best lukewarm about the mass marches, At Harvard, students briefly occupied the university's Center for International Affairs, were now planning to participate and help accused of being a training center for CIA/build the actions as the most immediate and agents among other things. About 200" effective response to the renewed bombings. NPAC reported that its offices were being flooded with endorsements of the April 22 demonstrations by labor leaders, congressional figures, civic officials, student. leaders,.cultural figures and others. Among the most recent endorsers are Victor Reuther of the United Automobile 'Workers Union and Victor Gottbaum of the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees; Senators Gravel, Hart, Hartke, Mondale and Muskie; Wendell. Anderson, , the Governor of Minnesota; also Betty Friedan, Joseph Heller, Bess Meyerson, Arthur Miller, Kate Millet, Huey Newton and William Styron. Original estimates of a march of 50,000 in New York, 10.000 in Los Angeles and 20,000 in San Francisco were being revised upward by the hour. More than 100,000 are expected to throng the streets of New York on April 22. Large delegations of demonstrators from Boston, Cleveland, Philadelphia and cities in Connecticut, New Jersey and upper SIew York State were making plans to come to the New York action. A key factor in the developing support for the April 22 demonstrations was the renewed "vigorous support" given the ac- tions by both the national office and regional offices of the People's Coalition for Peace and Justice (PCPJ). At a press conference in New York City, PCPJ spokesman David McReynolds restated the organization's call for "full support to April 22." He urged all antiwar forces to participate in the action. Among the contingents planning to participate in the New York march was the Attica Brigade. Describing itself as "an anti- imperialist coalition," the group plans to carry flags of the National Liberation Front and to demonstrate with slogans of support for the Vietnamese liberation struggle and support for the liberation struggles of op- pressed peoples at home. The group which rX tS51 F N T CLASS " E 1 R OFFICIAL ROUTING SLIP TO NAME AND ADDF?ESS DATE INITIALS' DDI Imam- 0 W 2 A/DCI 1 3 .0'- A AJ 4 5 6 ACTION DIRECT REPLY PREPARE REPLY APPROVAL DISPT 9TCH RECOMMENDATION COMMENT ICE RETURN CONCURRENCE INFORMATION SIGNATURE Remarks : STATINTL X FOLD HERE It, RETURN TO SENDER FROM: NAME, ADDR1 AND PHONE NO. DATE l~ [~/BGJ: x2633 f /25/?2 UNCLASSIFIED CONFIDENTIAL SECRET a 1972 carries a bout the annual ld at the Waldorf--4sTci~ra. of conversations with sations was with me. nemory of the way ;d a vacated chair h, and plopped down table to be occupied w Yorker, was of the Town" omething about it. sked what, for rnmentls professionals with research de- .rch it was vital [ues and new data ults. In answer to s a geographer Why in Asian Studies? theater and subsequent (40) jotted notes, he FORM NO. n07 Use previous editions in not to use it, that tm GJ I ,,...4 w.,alu UK-'J.116 ~11v Way it, we it. C;oula only cause me and the Agency problenms. He readily agreed not to. 3. All of t:is took about 2 minutes. The rest of the conversation dealt with the prorposes and dynamics of professional meetings such n,g - ~uzl~t 4~LJ Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000100220001-9 Y~t~St.'~,::" ,a POST Approved For Release 2001/?3 A I DP80-016 much has it,increased over `Serve the People' - the past several decades? A couple of times after Large theoretical ques- tions, phrased quite natu- rally in Marxist terms, were also frequent. "Can you describe the American social structure?" was one request I met with a couple of times. Or, "What is the form of struggle of the American . working class?" 'Workers, as one 3night ex- pect, ask questions about workers, such as how much they make, whether they live in dormitories, and whether workers can be fired at the whim of their employer In a workers' dormitory where I lived for two nights, the three young men with whom I shared a room had lots of specific questions about salaries, rents. the prices of food and clothing. Rent $1 In the dormitory. they pay about $1 a month for rent and about $7 for food out'of their monthly $20 salaries. Their response on being told American prices was to re- port quite proudly, "We al- ways thought Americans were very rich people. But now we see that your life is actually much more dif- ficult than ours." When I pointed out that . many American workers were actually well off by comparison with Chinese workers, they countered, "But American workers don't own the means of pro- duction like Chinese work- ers do. They are still ex- ploited." At Wuhan and Peking Uni- versities, many people want- ed to know about the Ameri-. can student movement, its tactics and organizations. "Now," I was asked fre- quently, "can the students be openly opposed to the Vietnam war and still re main in the United States? hearing the International, the world Communist an- them. students and workers both wanted to know if the *?Png could be sun., openly in the United States. Some I pemed a bit dubious when I laimed it could. At the universities, ques- .ions about teaching meth- ds, curriculum and student- eacher relations are com- aratively rare. So are ques-. lions about students' future plans. In fact; if a Chinese is asked what he wants to do after graduation, his reply more often than not will be: "That depends on the needs of the state. I'll do whatever I can to serve .the people." Only once did somebody state a specific choice for the future. A young female student at Peking Univer- sity who had been a bare- foot doctor in the. country- side told me she hoped to become a doctor after grad- uation. There are also a lot of de- tailed questions. Shill Yung- Chih, an old Honan peasant at whose home I lived for a couple of days, was interest- ed in knowing how old peo- pie live to be in America and how liar it is from the eastern to the western bor- ders. He also asked how cold it gets in winter, on what kind of beds Americans sleep, and whether they eat primarily millet or wheat for breakfast. He also wanted A o know' how much my watch, my camera and my coat cost. ,searching questions anybody asks in China are those of Premier Chou En-lai's. In a recent interview with a dele- gation of the Committee of Concerned Asian Scholars, the premier remarked that. he has not yet had a chance to go to the United States, though many Americans have come to China. Until then, he added, discussions in Peking would have to serve as his window on the West. With that brief preface, the premier launched into a series of casual, but pene- trating, questions about var- ious aspects of American., life. He asked about pollu- tion, about industry, about social changes in American cities. He also wanted to know if there was a CIA agent this year studying at the Harvard East Asian Re- search Center. To those who had been to Taiwan, lie asked about the conditions of life there and whether Taiwanese students would like to visit the main- land. And he admitted that the Chinese know little about the West and that they should know more. The discussion was infor- mal, but Chou was not mak- ing small talk. His questions were searching, and he built succeeding questions on prior responses. He was not satisfied with easy generali- zations. The premier was relaxed and gracious. But one thing was clear. He, like many Chinese, wanted to know.. And he was. very curious to kknow why, when I detached my -camera lens and held it at arm's length, the image, appeared upside down. At the university,' I met several professors who had received their Ph.D.s at, American universities be- fore the Chinese revolution. They asked primarily after people they had known, es- pecially after their old. eri f h uw ~eac e o, many o ions crops. i m They also asked uestions 'whom had .died. Others, I q had never even heard of. with a historical perspec- The most informed and tive:. What is the size of the average farm, and [+ - Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CFA-RDP80-01601 R000100220001-9 uhinese) IF-01 of Quesuous Abont U It By Richard Bernstein Special to hoe Washington Post The writer recently spent ? five weeks in China with a delegation of Concerned Asian Scholars. PEKING-Most Chinese are very curious about the United States. Xt first, how- ever, they are often shy about asking questions of the rare American visitor they encounter. But once the ice has been broken and the Chinese re- serve overcome, questions put to Americans in China are likely to be numerous and varied. The questions, moreover, often say more about the way Chinese look at Amer- - - lea .,than the visitor's an- swers are likely to tell him about what America is like. The most common ques- tion I heard in China was "What are the conditions of, the American peasantry?" One has to allow for the fact that in Chinese there is no way of distinguishing farmer from peasant. - Concern About Farming Stil, people who libe in a country where 85 per cent of the population consists of peasants are bound to be concerned with agrarian life in the United States, even after they learn that only 6 per. cent of Americans earn .their living by farming. Alany Questions In Shenyang, in the north- east province of Liaoning, of- ficials in the Ministry of In- dustry and Agriculture ask- ed me a long series of ques- tions about American agri- culture. They wanted to know the size of the average farm, the proportion of farm laborers to farm owners, and the av- erage yield per acre of var- IN THE MIDST OF WARS: An American's Mission to Southeast Asia by ]Edward 13eary Lansdale Harper & Row, 386 pp., $12.50 SATURDAY REVIEW ase 20 1 kINUMIA-RDP80-0 STATINTL Why is this important? Because if there is one word Lansdale uses re- peatedly it is "help"-and he uses it personally, simulating a Lone Ranger- like urge to offer spontaneous assist- ance. Thus, the first day he ever saw Diem,. ".. . the thought occurred to me that perhaps he needed help.... I voiced this to Ambassador Heath... . Heath told me to go ahead." The in- formal atmosphere continues when Lansdale, upon actually meeting Diem, immortalizes him as "the alert and eldest of the seven dwarfs deciding what to do about Snow White." Further desires to serve inform Lans- dale's concern for the - "masses of people living in North Vietnam who would want to ... move out before the :omrrmunists took over." These unfortu- ,iates, too, required "help." Splitting over of the Hanoi region in early October [1954] including items about property, money reform, and a three. day holiday of workers upon takeover. The day following the distribution of these leaflets, refugee registration tripled." The refugees-Catholics, many of whom had collaborated with the French-were settled in the South, in communities that, according to Lans- dale, were designed to. "sandwich" Northerners and Southerners "in a cultural melting pot that hopefully would give each equal opportunity." Robert Scigliano, who at this time was advising the CIA-infiltrated Michi- gan State University team on how to "help" Diem, saw more than a melting pot: N With the exception of the Pentagon Papers, Edward Geary Lansdale's memoir could have been the most valu- able eyewitness account of the inter- nationalizing of the Indochinese war. Lansdale, a "legendary figure" even in his own book, furnished the model for the Ugly American who, from 1950 through 1953, "helped" Magsaysay put down the Huk revolution in the Philip- pines. He then proceeded to Vietnam where, between 1954 and 1956, he stucx close to Ngo Dinh Diem during Diem's first shaky years when Washington couldn't make up its mind whom to tap as the American alternative to Ho Chi Minh. Lansdale's support insured Diem as the final choice for Our Man in Saigon. While the book's time span is, therefore, relatively brief, the period it covers in the Philippines and Viet- nam is genuinely important. There is only one difficulty with In the Midst of Wars: from the cover to the final page it is permeated with lies. That Harper & Row finds it possible to foist such a package of untruths on the public-and for $12.50!-several months after the emergence of the Pentagon Papers, and years after the publication of other authoritative studies, exhibits contempt for a public trying to understand the realities of our engagement in Vietnam. The lie on the jacket describes Lans- dale merely as an OSS veteran who spent the years after World War II as a "career.oflicer in the U.S. Air Force." In the text Lansdale never offers any explicit evidence to the contrary. In- deed, on page 378-the last of the text- he states that at the very time Diem was being murdered in Saigon, "I had been retired from the Air Force." For all I know Lansdale drew his pay from the Air Force and, as the photo- graphs in his book attest, he certainly Wore its uniform. This is irrelevant. Lansdale was for years a senior opera- tive of the Central Intelligence Agency; on page 244 of the Department of De- fense edition of the Pentagon Papers, Lansdale, two other men, and Allen Dulles are identified as representing on January 21 d O'v`ff"~f"a'now t to ehaf ~tih CnlOR8~08f~~06~10~9@~9 as ad- vised y ansda awho, at one pathetic Ms "small team" of Americans in two, Northerners, practically all of whom are Lansdale saw to it that "One half, refugees, [have] preempted many of the ender Major Conein, engaged in choice posts in the Diem government.. . -efugee work in the North." [The] Diem regime has assumed the as- "Major" Lucien Conein, who was to Pect of a carpet bag government in its. play the major role the CIA had in the disproportion of Northerners and Cen- murder of Diem in 1963, is identified in /tralists ... and in its Catholicism.... The the secret CIA report included by they Southern people do not seem to share the Times and Beacon editions of the anticommunist vehemence of their. North- Pentagon Papers (see SR, Jan. 1, 1972) ern and Central compatriots, by whom as an agent "assigned to MAAG [Mill- they are sometimes referred to as un- reliable in the communist struggle. . tary Assistance Advisory Group]` for [While) priests in the refugee villages hold cover purposes." The secret report no formal government posts they are gen- refers to Conein's refugee "help" as erally the real rulers of their villages and one of his "cover duties." His real job: serve as contacts with district and pro- "responsibility for developing a 'para- vincial officials. military organization in the North, to be in position when the Vietminh took" Graham Greene, a devout Catholic, over .... the group was to be trained observed in 1955 after a visit to Viet. and supported by the U.S. as patriotic nam, "It is Catholicism which has Vietnamese." Conein's "helpful" teams helped to ruin the government of Mr. also attempted to sabotage Hanoi's Diem, for his genuine piety has been largest printing establishment and exploited by his American advisers wreck the local bus company. At the until the Church is in danger of sharing beginning of 1955, still in Hanoi, the the unpopularity of the United States." CIA's Conein infiltrated more agents Wherever one turns. in Lansdale the into the North. They "became normal accounts are likely to be lies. He re- citizens, carrying out everyday civil ports how Filipinos, old comrades pursuits, on the surface." Aggression from the anti-Iiuk wars, decided to from the North, anyone? "help" the struggling Free South. The Lansdale expresses particular pleas- spontaneity of this pan-Asian gesture ure with the refugee movement to warms the heart-until one learns from the S-:)uth. These people "ought to be Lansdale's own secret report to Presi. provided with a way of making a fresh dent Kennedy that here, too, the CIA start in the free South.... [Vietnam] had stage-managed the whole business. was going to need the vigorous par- The Eastern Construction- Company ticipation of every citizen to make a turns out to be a CIA-controlled success of the noncommunist part of "mechanism to permit the deployment the new nation before the proposed of Filipino personnel in other Asian plebiscite was held in 1956." Lansdale countries for unconventional opera- modestly claims that he "passed along" tions.... Philippine Armed Forces and ideas on how to wage psychological other governmental personnel were warfare to "some nationalists." The 'sheep-dipped' and sent abroad." Pentagon Papers, however, reveal that Elsewhere Lansdale makes much of the C:[A "engineered a black psywar Diem's success against the various TT____ .__1. . . . s ctn C D... TT__ ii_ . ao : e in ApprovecLf ati;IRe ease 20Ak1/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601 ROO JOURNAL `t6R231219 S - 86,53]. STATINTL " Berkeley Most Radical. City their political philosophy. Bay area radicalism had its first major eruption some seven years ago when UC Berkeley staged a major campus revolu- tion. That was the beginning of a militant campus regime that spread rapidly to many other campuses over the nation. SAN FRANCISCO-Berkeley, seat of the University of California, probably must be rated as the nation's most radical and leftist city-at least its city government. The Berkeley City Council has moved to halt any expansion of war-related in- dustries. In a resolution adopted by a vote of 6-2 the Council ordered the plan- ning commission to begin investigation of the city's ability to regulate activities and locations of all war-related industries and to use "city ordinances and zoning laws to prohibit any further expansion of such industries." The city attorney's office was directed to "work with interested persons in the community to prepare reports every three months on what war-related in- dustries are operating in the city. The resolution defined war-related industries as those that have "contracts with the Department of Defense or Central In- tellivence A y related with t i~war in South-cast Asia," Presumably the resolution also includ- ed the university. The radical action did not end with that resolution. A second resolution passed by the same 6 to 2 vote called on the U.S. "to stop all bombing in Southast Asia, cease all support of the Saigon regime and withdraw all troops from Southeast Asia now." IN ITS LAST CITY election Berkeley elected three avowed radicals to the council along with a mayor who displayed considerable sympathy with By ED MINTEER The UC Berkeley campus after a long period of demonstrations, fires, bomb- ings, violence and great property damage Alas settled down and approached what might be termed "near normalcy." In the meantime Berkeley had become the mecca for young radicals and leftists who had no connection with the university. They were attracted to the ? university city because of the school's militant activities. Thus Berkeley's radical and leftist population greatly in- creased. These radicals and militants do not yet enough to make for a powerful political factor when they "hang together." That is what ? they did in the election that catapulted three radicals. into the city's council. The majority vote of mid- dle-roaders and conservatives was divid- ed among too many candidates. A con- servative group is now seeking to amend the city's organic law to call for run-off elections. If that movement is unsuc- cessful Berkeley is likely long to remai branded as the country's most radically governed city. constitute a majority but are numerous Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000100220001-9 BOSTON GLOBE Approved For Release 2001193i : AA-RDP80-01601 STATINTL What do John Gardner, head of Common Cause; Richard Ellman, lit- erary critic; Hugh Gregg, former gov- .ernor of New Hampshire; Dong King- man, artist; Leroy Anderson, com- poser; Eugene McCarthy, presiden- tial candidate in 1968; George Meany, president of the AFL-CIO and Everett E. Hagan, head of MIT's Cen- ter for International Studies and Daniel Ellsberg's boss -have in com- mon? Well, they're all loyal Americans and they all share space in a remark- able preference work called "Who's Who in CIA." For at least a decade, broad areas of American intelligence operations have been known -intimately by mem- bers of the press and by leading newspaper, magazine and broadcast- ing executives. Some of these people were in the service of the CIA them- selves. Others presumably allowed members of their staffs to cooperate with and report to the CIA. This information does not come from The New York Times or the Co- lumbia Broadcasting System. It does not come directly from classified doc- uments within the CIA. It does not come from a gossip column or a late- night news show. It does not come from the Rand Corporation. It comes from a 605-page book ti- 'tled Who's Who In CIA and subtitled A Biographical Reference Work of the Officers of the Civil and Military Branches of the Secret Services of the USA in 120 Countries. By Dan Pinck . ' ' In his introduction publisher Mader refers to the United States' "disposal- subversionis t war" and he writes that "the intelligence service in the USA is the largest and most in- fluential in the imperialist' world" .and further observes that "the intelli- gence service of the USA has always been the domain of the fanatical ene- mies of democracy and a stronghold of the anti-communists." There's no doubt where Mader's sympathies lie. In his introduction he also notes those who helpea him compile the book. These include Mohamed Abdel- nabi, of Beirut, Lebanon: Ambalal Bhltt, of Bombay, Fernando Gamar- ro of Mexico City, and Shozo Ohashi, of Yokohama.* There are 3000 entries in the reference work and they range from US ambassadors, artists and museum curators to the directors of Asian and Russian research centers at leading American universities to political. affairs officers, cultural af- fairs officers and AID controllers at various US embassies overseas to em- ployees of The New York Times and CBS. The listing is an impressive one and even allowing for errors that even intelligence services can make, it is likely a reasonably accurate ac- counting of certain leading opera- tives and associates of the CIA. I bought my copy of Who's Who in CIA in a book shop In Georgetown, in Washington, D.C. for $4.95. The bookshop. is not a subversive one; its main fare is academia, fiction and lit- erary biographies. It was bought be- cause of m curiosit ab t i t lli y y ou n e - aDan .ePinck is a freelance writer, teacher Bence services in general, an interest and education consultant who lives in began when I was in the OSS in Belmont. Graphic art is by Herbert Ro- that China, as the nearest American to galski. Hong Kong. A cursory sampling of Who's Who's In CIA was pub- names were recognizable to me, bear- lished in English, in 1968, by Julius ing out my own personal knowledge of America, Litton Industries, Kim- Mader, 1066 Berlin W6 o se le f&tff strasse 69. ApproveJ'F 'I` ledst 26963F6W'1vCfA-RDP80_0b t 0q1d '09ffanada, oontinued In the intervening months I read .the book through, and with the publi- cation of the Pentagon Papers, it be- came a lively and fascinating re- source and complement to the pub- lished secret documents. In one embassy with approxima- tely 55 staff members, for example, the book picked out one person as the CIA operative. Since that particular name was known to me it began to give a ring of authenticity to the en- tire listing. When it noted certain US officials that I had met on several tours in 16 African nations as being CIA-associated, the sense of authen- ticity grew firmer; when it listed the name of Dan A. Mitrione, who was kidnaped and killed in Brazil several years ago and who was identified at that time as an AID official, as an op- erative of the CIA, it's additional evi- dence that the work is as legitimate (and as nefarious) as it can reason- ably be. . The book lists the operatives who have served throughout the world. The German Federal Republic leads the roster with 264 operatives. Mona- co and Antarctica bring up the end of the list, with one each. In between: Ghana (14); the Union of Soviet So- cialist Republics (99); Mexico (90); Barbados (22); Ireland (17); Nige- ria (32); France (141); Uganda (8); Vietnam (133); Ethiopia (24) Chile (42); and Hong Kong (71). The book lists operatives in news. papers and magazines, including Time, Life, Fortune, Newsweek, Sports Illustrated, US News and World Report; in a number of indus. trial firms, including Bankers Trust, First National City Bank, Westing- house, RCA, NBC, CBS, Gulf Oil Corp., Standard Oil Company, Bank center of development studies at the of past aid programs= Bobrow said. University. . Calling that approach a "pretty fruitless The expected result is that MUCIA, game," he said "one.-of the few good which one faculty member calls "sort of a things to come out of the_ Vietnam war is holding corporation for American talent," that we've learned we can't influence the will become a "center of enduring other country. The whole question of competence" whose accumulated ex- donor control is vastly overplayed. pertise may be tapped by both private and "Ignoring the autonomy of the recipient government development agencies. Is not only wrong normatively, but If You Benjamin said research would study leave it out of the analysis you're going, to such specific questions as "Does it make be wrong empirically, too," Bobrow said, any difference to the country if you have a The revelation several years ago that a university with extension services to Michigan State University police-training farmers?" She also indicated that In- project was funded secretly by the terdisciplinary research would be Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) under `Mi designed to propose and test "systematic the guise of AID money still is rever- L...~:,.q?t`~:::;';.__?j The "basic optimistic assumption" of circles. But even as it has made them development projects in poor countries, ? wary of possible CIA involvement, it has- Bobrow explained, is that changing social not frightened them into refusin AID ' THE UNIVERSITY O?" 1 1 ESOTA DAILY 2 Itov 1C 1 Approved For Release 2001/03/04: C1A-RDP8SQQfK 11 fffiQHTfNT~g 0 South Vietnam. Thus a key feature of the MUCIA A $1 million grant from the main Especially since 'World War If, the program will be the recruitment of in foreign aid arm of the U.S. government, University has seen itself as part of a .terdisciplinary research teams from has made the University part of an world community. In that 25-year period, MUCIA universities. That task, however, unusual cooperative effort to make the University has expanded enormously may not be easy. ,technical assistance to underdeveloped its course offerings in foreign-area The problem, according to Bobrow,-is countries more effective. studies and languages, particularly in that institution building questions "don't non-Western subjects. Its non-immigrant -' fit neatly into most social science Despite criticism of past foreign aid foreign student population has jumped disciplines." Benjamin said, "Everybody practices-.especially because of alleged from 355 in 1947-1943 to 1,661 last year. ? knows. interdisciplinary research is a CIA connections-the United States The grant money will be used to support good thing, but it's very hard to get people Agency for International Development research on institution-building in un- to do it." C (AID) has funded a five-year research derdeveloped countries, to train graduate Trying to impose American ideology on program proposed by the Midwest students, and to set up a "documentation the recipient country is another mistake y First in a series y 'Indonesia and veterinary medical aid in ? complete " he said. y By DAN CItYER .- agricultural education in Chile and obvious] our anal sis is ver in- Universities Consortium for International institutions will bring "better payoffs of a grants. g Activities (MUCIA). specific kind." Introducing modern William E. Wright, head of the Office of MUCIA, whose member universities agricultural methods, for example, International Programs and campus are Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, should increase the country's food supply. MUCIA liaison, discounted any possibility Indiana, and Michigan State, was formed But, Bobrow contended, in view of some of CIA involvement, but said there is by the schools in 1964 to 'pool their . past discouraging results, it is important "always danger of that happening. collective expertise in aiding un- to find methods of predicting. and over-. "If we had the slightest odor of CIA? derdeveloped nations. coming obstacles to development success. we'd run. In fact, MUCIA refused a recent Although the grant is to MUCIA, "Ours is really a diagnostic role," project in Vietnam because' it was too headquarters for administration and Bobrow said. "We aren't treating the politically. charged. coordination of research will be at the social system (of a foreign country) "I don't know if CIA has ever been University. Davis Bobrow, director of the ourselves. But if we look at the social interested in plant and soil science. None' uig ley Center of International. Studies, symptomology of the system, we can say of our people overseas would have any will serve-as program director. what course of action should be taken. truck with the CIA," Wright insisted. The purpose of the $1 million grant is Benjamin granted that most social ..not to prepare another "development "It's one step back from trying to do . science research could be used for "social project," but rather to encourage basic something like a five-year plan," he said. manipulation or social engineering. I research to test what makes for effective Technical assistance programs have guess you decide what you're going to do development. Such research is necessary been . criticized because they are about that when you become a social because of dissatisfaction with technical ;sometimes planned and administered by scientist." assistance on the part of both donor and experts in a particular specialty. Their A student at Michigan State when the -recipient countries, according to Gail lack of interdisciplinary perspective CIA involvement was revealed, Benjamin Benjamin, associate program director. soriietimes results in misunderstanding of said, "If I thought it was involved (in the "We've found out you can't just go into the foreign culture and, consequently, MUCIA project), I wouldn't be involved in .a place and toss out a little technology and ineffective programs. expect any lasting changes to take Bobrow stressed that AID itself wants place," she said. If a project is designed to increase the project findings open to anyone. There In recent years the University's economic productivity arid country will be no AID review prior to publication. "service" thrust frequently has taken the with a migrating population, Bobrow And there will be no constraints- form of overseas development projects said, it will have to take into account such including security clearances-on the - administered and'staffed. by University variables as labor patterns, rainfall, and selection of project personnel. - faculty. Current and past projects have the distribution of wealth. "If you're Tomorrow: Some specific AID included economic development in India, dealing only with economic criteria, programs are examined. Approved For. Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601-R000100220001-9 STATINTL Approved Fen Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601 R, PORT, 01, PILOT - Q- 'k ~_ ~S - 127 , 07 9 J 0,.E Hr m By Larry Lchholl IOWA CITY, IA. -- Deciding that. it is unethical to restrict the pursuit of knowledge in any form, the University of Iowa Faculty Senate 'T'uesday rejected a -proposal to ban all military weapons research on campus here. By a Convincing vote of V-91) 10e1'c8 :i1~1V, the tll:'cats to the Faculty Senate defeatec ' my freedom are coming from proposals Which would havel,tile left. Banning-weapons re-. banned any research project search is an intrusion into the aimed at the production of a rights of the fa culty just like military weapon. lpi IN, groups have triad." Debate at Tuesday's meetingP A f t. c r defeating more centered more on the principles I!, aulendnlerts which world of academic freedom and pro-I' have controlled (the process by w1lic"I research dir,.Ctly fessionel ethics than on the or indirec?th-" sponsored by morality of war and war re the U.S. Decnsc llcl-artu:ent lated research. or by th.c. Central Intelligence -:. Aeerlcv (CI.) is funded, the 't'he adoption of the Ui ivcr-. sity ItesearciI Cocnlcil's report by the Faculty Scnele means that thic- report will he sent to thc'L' of I administratirnl for final approval and iml;lementti- - - aCiI 11 ~ ,':.,.:.. i.. -- 1 The proposals, offered by the o; igiiral report oli r^scarc,r 1.7'a culty S.?.nate'c si andill cony - lines ado; led last 'lay uid e milittec on "University Relation g by the University ] esea.rch with the. Federal Gov-erninem,,, defined a mild my weapon ac Council. "any artifact or natural or ad!- U of 1 1"'resid^llt Willard ficial substance or object one of Bovd had referred the council's whose primary uses- is killing, final report to the Faculty Sen- man beings or destroying their means of livelihood, shelter or natural environment and which is used by military or police forces." Critics of t1he proposals ob- jeeted to what they referred to as "vague generalities" contained in the proposals which could Conceivably re- strict other lands of research. . Supporters of the amend- semination b1 knowledge, and of th^ public means argued that inc -unn ei - the advancer .'' i sity should maintain neutrality fare. 11 and autonomy in government Il'irst Coritrihrtc llen it re ch c? d , resear sponsore the guidelines state that "no fates to weapons research. . But the overwhelming no ; research grant or contract shall. cern of most Faculty Senate members was the individual I irofessc,r's right to pursue knowledge, not the morality of an emotional issue, such as war. rigan, noting that threats to ate for comment. Briefly, the guideli es state that all U of I research is ex- pected to fit v, ithin rn be con- sistent. with university policies and ojectives, including ' the education of students, "the ad-. 1v anccment of knowledge 1 through research and - school- shin, the preservation and dis- be accepted which AN not contribute to the educational programs of. the university:" It also recommends that a list of all university research -- Sees Leftist Threat . ` naming its title, amount of English professor Robert Cor- . funding and source. of' funding, -- be of "easy availability to a 1 1 interested persons" on Appr~6vedi6r'il elti'Oflj-GO~,Ia CtIA-RtDPBO-01601 8000100220001-9 in the past, said: . STATINTL of escalating like lest year-'s , t!, - ey would not cneag,c in "cops After leaders of the group mass demonstrations that ems- anti Students" . tl ties again , , eatene;l to sit in Blshoo's of- ed nearly $100,000 in dama ?It allay. A noon rally was sched-I fl e until the four were released, axed it, an to t , pgi - Collet PaI,,, state ofllc: i=i 1 liishop told the group that ,;, ...olio stud =Fats allcl r.un--indents said. }:rto today's efe r!" charges would be dropped and ,o Campus Quieter 1 Another aim of like militants is; the four would be dealt with un- - Y's disci lagy Except for universit piita few rallies, tlv? :o C:'CC !)it .; Pit action whicill c'?e' the will bring most of the universi- code. campus vas quiet yesterday and tv's 3,-?, 1) students out on students quietly were going tOjStl?ike "We have to stop the address Cro'?d classes or lolling on the grassy university from being used as. The four, who were taken toI hall. Last nig it, most of t11e, a function of the ruling class the Prince Georges County po- contingent of 1,000 National r for carrying out tilei; import" lie substation in Hyattsville Conti gent the:C wit.l(ll'at~"hl i0 a , nearby staving area In Green-~lisF. policies,? Karyn Pomerant'!later returned to file university belt, althougih trop s still '.i ore; College Park student, told the p clrlwo i "andWaddresser! e ~rel'o antheested licrowdk. Visible p pius. on arts OF the Cam e sonic Late last ni_-1)t, elenleets ufj 'rlo. v- ,14pp~ ~Fefii f =R l?aS ~'~~a'I 4 OAtz= lA RD .80,01.6.01 f if i 7 0 f i 11 '+ I{ ~ e: ; i t lc f~ 1 I l l ~F ~ rep F` r~1~1~+Ik STATINTL - Editor's note: the 'following statem eent is i?ritendecl by its authors to provoke debate on academic collusion with gov??rn- ment intelligence agencies. It is their hope that open die ,.cussion of the coati :r will lead to the formulation of University policy that would prohibit such activity. The statement eras written on behalf of the Faculty Action Caucus by: Lenore E3urgard (CLA), John Dahier (chernical engineering), Clayton Giese (physics), J. Woods Halley `(ph sics), Erwin Marquit (physics), Grover Maxwell (philosophy), Martin Roth (English), Matthew Stark (Student Activities Bureau) and Donald Swan- son (classics). ' The activities of milit irltelli~er:ce great harm to the national interest by . Is this a legitimate burden for department y b creatirg obstacles to international cultural . chairmen to carry? Should not the Uni- agents on campus have been receiving much and scientific exc},ianc. ` versify have a clear-cut position on such attention but a far renter threat to the -reater threat to the > -Univers;ty conies from other intelligence agencies. Informal discussions indicate that perhaps a third of University faculty meni- bers who have attended international con- feiiences abroad or who have traveled abroad in connection v,'iti, their academic interests have, at sonic time, been briefed or debriefed by the CIA'or FBI before or after their trips. Last summer, for example, two related international conferences were held in the Soviet Union. Despite the fact that there is no classified research going on either in the United States or in the Soviet Union in this particular field (elementary particles) many of the U.S.- participants were visited by the CIA or FBI. As a matter of fact the question of whether a conference deals with fields involving classified re- search appears to be unrelated to the in- telligence agencies' interest in it. History, sociology, medicine, 'English, as well as ph}si?cs, engineering and computer science are only some of the departments that have Consider what must be involved when an agency such as the CIA is interested in obtaining some information from an international conference. The CIA must decide whether to brief selected faculty participants (whose discretion and coopera- tion can be relied upon) in advance of the conference, or depend primarily on a larg .-scale debriefing afterwards, or a combination of both. It is precisely here that information accumulated about, in- dividuals through surveillance, questioning of colleagues and superiors, and compila- tions of names of petition signers, con- tributors to causes, etc., plays an important role. Suppose, for example, the CIA asks a department chairman, as ' it has been known to do, if one of the members of his department. will cooperate' with them. Any definitive an'g'er to such a question is necessarily ta::amount to a political char- acterization of the faculty member under discussion, at least as far as the CIA--and conic under the eye of the CIA. its fraternal agencies are coicerned. Refusal to answer or deliberate ambiguity in the The broad involvement of, the University- answer Will Iead to a political characteriza- matters? What about the faculty member who is asked to supply information to 'the intelligence agency? While many would prefer not to have any dealings with such agencies, it takes a good deal of courage to refuse.' Does not the University have the duty to shield the faculty from such pres-? sures, especially in the case of those who depend heavily on federal funds for re- search and junior, inexperienced faculty who feel that their entire careers may be jeopardized by a "wrong" attitude? Perhaps the more serious question is the impact intelligence activities have on thS atmosphere at international gatherings, the impediments they place to the developmcr.?t of international collaboration and free exchange of information in all fields. When this question was raised with one Midwest vi intelligence activities not only leads to? ,~ r 1t It btu ~f lt4fc{a~1~ violations of/~ ,4~Itl t?IC f &1~1as S ~Fdlt4fc+a~1 1 R00010022000'CG9 t3nej "r! naive' (with possible broader repercussions). I Approved For'Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601 The Academic Senate of the University of California at Sari Diego is asking an end to clas- ?sified or "secret" research, in- eluding that funded by such federal agencies as the Defense Department and the Central Intelligence Agency. In approi-ina"h resolution rc questing this, the senate said research programs should be judged on the ? basis of their content and service to the uni- yersity and the public, rather ? - than on the needs of an agency seeking the research. Fund Report Asked In a companion resolution, the senate requested the Office of Graduate Studies to provide an annual report on the amount, source and nature of research funding on the campus. "This report should serve to indicate the degree to which freedom of research is bein g maintained for the faculty," S. the resolution said. The senate, which repre- sents the university's 454- member faculty, asked for less reliance on "mission ori- ented research . . . research in which the funding agency demands specific results and sometimes severely circum- scribes the methods to be used by the researcher," said Dr. Gabriel Jackson, chairman, of the senate. s-Month Study Cited Jackson said such liulita- tions often interfere with the `'unfettered pursuit of truth which must always be the main objective of a prcfessor engaged in research." The action comes after an eight-month study of research being conducted at UCSD. Dr. Herbert Stern, chairman of the 10-member study com- mittee, said no UCSD students work in classified or restricted research. However, he said some pro- fessors are working oh classi- fied- projects, most of which are for the Navy. Reasoning Explained "The question was whether military funded research pro- granms were distorting the pur- pose of the university." Stern STATI NTL said. "No student can be cclu- cated in graduate $chgol it. that eCudatie n is in ,.a clhssi- fied a;--ea, since snider" those circumstances, work would not be open to inspection." Steno emphasized it was not just doTensc oriented and mili- tary'-folded projects that con cerued the faculty, but all types of research. The faculty senate is con cernccl because there is "an emphasis on iiiimediate visible products of research . . . mak- ing th: .university purely in terests71 in technology," lie e:;- Gra-!ts Total $39 Million In 1939.70, UCSDhad about $39 mil'lion in all types search grants and contracts: Jackson also said the "over-` whelp:;ng majority" of about 1Q0 facsity members attending the- Senate meeting favored the c.r:i of restricted projects became "the university volun- tarily urt'euders to an outside agency the power to determine who wtI?be permitted to work on the research and who will Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000100220001-9 t