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Document Creation Date: 
November 17, 2016
Document Release Date: 
July 27, 2000
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Publication Date: 
February 25, 1972
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PRESS TIME RELEASE Representatives of the Central In- telligence Agency, Including two black agents, planned to meet with students'at 4 o'clock this afternoon at the Oberlin Inn In an effort to re- 'eruit `black students for employment within the agency. At press time, it was uncertain as to whether or not the proposed meet- ing would take place, due to efforts to protest the presence of the CIA. The CIA. will not conduct their dis- cussions If this group Is "truly vehemently opposed" to the CIA sessions, Hal Payne, assistant dean of students said, thus denying those who had signed up .for interviews "the right of free speech." Last week black juniors and sen- iors received through the campus 'mail a letter notifying them of the CIA's presence in Oberlin. The let- ter, dated February 18, 1972, was from Assistant Dean of Students Hal Payne, who made arrangements for the meeting as the principle liaison with the CIA representatives. The letter' explained that the CIA, as an Equal Opportunity Employer. is participating in an all-government drive to recruit more minority group citizens into the different organs of the government, and according to Mr. Payne's letter "Oberlin came to their attention because of the nation- wide publicity given our Black Cau- cus admissions and recruitment pro- gram. They feel that Oberlin will be attracting the kind of black students who would be of interest to the agency." The general student body was not notified of the agency's presence. Al- though the Office of Placemen, and Graduate Counseling (OPGC) and Office of the Provost have known of the agency's efforts to establish a meeting with students since October 1971 when a CIA representative first approached OPGC with the proposal, no general publicity was given in the past months to the meeting today. The session at the Inn today was lowing the CIA on campus. Akhough there was a decidedly negative re- sponse to the CIA as an institution, no formal plan of action was decided upon other than for black individuals J. Byron Crosman, a member of Dorothy Smith, director of OPGC, No attempt a all-campus ,publicity the CIA whARpr6veidtaFotitE~, see2Q601f~8 6 .1441RY~PftnO'f 0 qQQ Mt 0001-3 tin after having-visited his son, a guidelines formally established for the barring of any particular insti- student here, spoke in confidence in the fall with Associate Provost Wil-. Liam Davis to discuss the proposal. for a? CIA meeting with students which was accepted by a "collective en:-a?-of Mr. Davis, Mr. Payne, and George Langeler, dean of students. Meeting off-campus Although Mr. Crosman wished to hold the meeting in Afro House, Mr. Davis felt that "it would be better for. all concerned" to hold the ses- sion in the technically off-campus Inn. The administration bypassed the usual O P G C procedure,, and co- ordinated the special meeting today through Mr. Payne's ? office. The deans insisted, however, that the CIA is just another government agency, and the procedure in this case was according to Mr. Langeler, "in no way unusual." However, the last government agencies to recruit in Oberlin, the Internal Revenue Serv- ice, and the Social Security Bureau, held their interviews directly through OPGC. Desire to communicate Mr. Davis said yesterday that the agency's intent in coming to Ober- lin lay in a sincere desire to com- municate with students, and a wish to explain opportunities for careers for black students within the CIA. Three or four students have evinced an interest in this regard. He" added that "there is something more here for the CIA than just a recruiting process." Mr. Davis explained that although the College could have refused all co-operation with the CIA, such a policy would not have been effective in keeping the agency actually out of Oberlin. Asserting that fears about newly-recruited student agents hired tution of ? employment," including the Central Intelligence Agency, or even, she added, the Navy recruiters. The campus demonstration of 1968 concerning military recruiters on campus left no written agreement or even tacit understanding of any barring, she said. Verbal confrontation Mr. Davis said' that allowing the CIA to come to Oberlin would' give "students an opportunity to verbally confront the CIA." In the case of black students, he added, thi's con-. frontation could be especially en- lightening in view of the CIA's al- leged involvement in the suppression of the African national liberations movements." The College did not invite the CIA to come here, but as long as they have come, it shouldn't be a ques- tion of not permitting them to pre- sent their stjand, Mr. Langeler said. Mr. Davis. hoped. many students would pose questions to deal with the reality and image of the agency, for example, with the CIA's role in black societies in this country and around the world. It is an oppor- tunity, he said, for blacks to criti- cally review their roles in dealing. with a police power. Students change CIA? The discussion will also present alternatives to the students, accord- ing to Mr. Davis, and considering that the "CIA doesn't hesitate to in- groups like the Black Pan- filtrate thers and Students for a Democratic Society, to subvert them,' there's no reason that radical Oberlin students can't join the CIA to try to change its course." The black students on campus dis- cussed the issue at the last meeting of ABUSUA and agreed with Mr. not say with certainty that the CIA recruiters have not been here al- ready." The CIA has not held for- mal interviews. in Oberlin for at least five years. iiOV 971 Approved For Release 2000/08/16: Id-RDP80-01601R000400070001-3 STATINTL Cmilbridg; P_`nss. hr:e.t: fits: With the exposure of the pa T?crs f on! the Media, Pa. ITI o;:icc last. the invest} ati; n of Army'serveil- lance 2ciivitis, ?s,d' 0t;~dly the I:ublic'.tion of the }'CRta oa ?y' '),. O1-'.l11%l',y to I'a}>:;rs, the public. ]l:ls had an u _,-::alh, ' ,(d o, the . tl]tCiBlstaIiCl ~e Sittll}:1-Lt)' of the t0?'ul"^ 'IZd d.o!11est!i Cr%\ert Rctioil pu,;ram`. The most so1)htste-at`ecl arm of the U.S. secret. r.grntry--lit CIA. hey ever, escaped public scrutlily unti}. last month. Now m jor ) cxce rjpts from P. secret document yvh ch details the. CIA's global stmtcf ;s have been made public. Tic complete text .of the document, "1iitc}li'cnc.i cud I?o e.i 1-1 Policy," to";etller .ttith an intro:.t,ti.tion other of the CIA's activi- ties is available for ?P'1 (p}us 25 for posh, e and hau tliu;;) from to Africa ]?cscarcii Group, P.O. Pox 213, Ca:mbrid e, Irlass. 021?1:, Africa .f cearc)r Group Approved For Release 2000/08/16 : CIA-RDP80-01601 R000400070001-3 Approved For Release 2000/ 1A (MBEM-0f01R000 AFRICAN STUDIES IN AMERICA THE EXTENDED FAMILY OCTOBER 1970 STATINTL Governmen+t NetworK . . r the U.S. governmen eriod , wa = As the American empire expanded in the post P one piece p branches By ent the various created and staffed an immenseecnetwork for urit Act ofd1947,.the of al S Y artm d D ep of legislation, the Nation were placed under a centralize the military, and new Air Force, of Defense with the power to draft in peacetime. The Act also formed the l Security Council (NSC) and gave unprecedented powers to a Central l funded agencies erected the Nationa se wel Intelligence Agency (CIA). Together the `a aratus of the Empire: instruments for lexica?se heralded collection ta th military e status. PP d the backbone o that forme intervention what;.- . know j. to nt's ability governme ower depends in no small part on the a doin world are planning g- t h p a e t eople and other governments throughout pe Committee on Foreign Relations observed in a study t e n American policy abroad As the Senate c F re U o g ..,there is no country in the world whose changing litical licy." Keeping tabs on the internal Po is irrelevant to U.S. foreign po _ country in the world is a vast and delicate enCi rprise+.. enterprise. Its maintanence is essential behalf events and covertly intervene when necessary on the Empire's . i ical t ----h and intelligence The Central Intelligence Agency performed the cr vast network of interlinked researc cial o h e ating t coordin ing and spent $33.3 million for s 1967 deral In F h , e e 1909, t agencies. In a foreign areas and international affairs. ~_a s~e~rr}- that i n ---- abroad.. the same government agencies spent $40.b million ?!drew on virtually every major academic center in the nation and many r--c+;nn of what it takes to keep the Intelligence ove _.__ _ anew 1 each of alive. Moreover, su ort secret research and Defense Agencies these g the Defense agencies and the intelligence community-- PP for which figures are not available. research red ''on Africa receives from U.S. government-sponso actual attend The eater than the figures lead us to believe. In 1969, only 110of all i s gr ed To - the government research funds allocat directly ;,- research on Euroe, v elop well, ntext. isolated from the larger international co and Africa's economic underde for example, has to consider Africa as the context of differentca a hed in under 'ment is often researc is often hidden ch about Africa resear problems. In this way, names. it es of U.S. Federal agencies _clearly illustrate how an imperialist. to farm its varied strateg- __~i v government collet6~ a=- ~??- - degrees of bureaucra tic ies of intervention. The scope of the researc an action cut by these agencies, which ae o coordinated-wih formidable UtSvimpact on Africa countrie efficiency s.. ?' present a picture Approved For Release,2000108/16 CIA-RDP80-01601 R000400070001-3 boatinue4 AFRICA RESFABCS GROUP Approved For Release 2000/08/16 : CIA- DP80-01601 R00040007000 STATINTL Throughout the world, revolutionaries are studying the strategies and tactics of their central enemy: US imperialism. They realize that in order to defeat a powerful but not 6rM ipotent foe, some detailed understanding of the ways the US Empire works is necessary. While US capital dominates and distorts the economies of its colonies, agencies such as the CIA work to manipulate political developments to favor US interests. The exposure of the'CIA's work was not only a set-back for US manipulators, it has also been instructive to radicals in the white mother country in revealing the outlines of a sophisticated strategy for social control. For the CIA, there has never been any real distinction between its intelligence (i.e., information-gathering) and its action functions, Tn target countries--virtually the entire Third World--the CIA staff is integrated into a coordinated "multi-agency country team," often in leadership positions. Its operatives often direct the overall thrust of US penetration into the target country, seeking to. fashion a 'strategy of "cumulative impact," The idea. is simple: create or re- inforce pro-Western institutions which individually might not suffice but which cumulatively control the country's economic and political direction. Towards this end, CIA-funded scholars such as those at M.I.T. have worked to rationalize foreign aid as a weapon. A network of organizations--teachers, students, cultural, trade union, etc.-mwere founded or covertly subsidized through various conduits. Many of these sought to coopt important African leaders and act as channels of US influence. . -This article, first published in Ramparts and reprinted in the Black Panther newspaper and elsewhere, spotlights the way the CIA has promoted black cultural nationalism to reinforce neo-colonialism in Africa. Activists in the black colony.within the US can easily see its relevance to their ot?m situation, as in many cases the same techniques and occasionally the same individuals are used to control the political implications of Afro.-American culture. It reveals how reactionary nationalism can serve imperialism while revolutionary nationalism represents a threat to the US Empire, Approved For Release 2000/08/16 : CIA-RDP80-01601 R000400070001-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/16 CIA-RDP80-01601 R000400070001-3 Among the organizations disclosed as CIA-connected by various news papers and magazines have been the following: STUDENT: National Stu- dent Association, International Student Conference, World Assembly of Youth, Institute of International Education, African, Scholarship Pro- grain of American Universities, TEACHER: W.I.G.T.O.P. TRADE UNION: African-American Labor Center, various secretariats connected i-rith the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, CULTURAL: Congress of Cultural Freedom, American Society of African Culture, East African Institute of Social. and Cultural Affairs, GENERAL: African-American Institute, Peace with Freedom Inc., Jomo Kenyatta Foundation, 1M1ilton Obote Foundation, Kenneth Kaunda Foundation, The US remains involved in channelling money to various factions within southern African lib- eration movements, hoping of course to mold them in pro-Western direc.. Lions. (See The Politics of Unite by I, Wallerstein,) ERRATUM: Writing about the CIA is always hazardous; records are unw available and the CIA deliberately leaks what it calls "disinformation" to cover its tracks and confuse its eneinies, The CIA's own attempts at political camouflage are aided inadvertently by many principled liberals and even radicals. The liberals are so preoccupied with the odiousness of the CIA's secrecy that they often miss entirely the political purposes of the Agency. Radicals have often resorted to unanaly4;ical mucrraking or rhetorical CIA.--baiting which obscures the real game and, occasionally, assists the CIA in its chars cteristic strategy of heightening tensions within radical movements. Our own factual check of the Ramparts article has unearthed some minor errors in detail which in no way discredit its argument: 1. The height, birth date and facial appearance of James Harris are misrepresented. 2. Harris worked for the N.S.A. and W.U.S. before they received CIA subsidies; he stayed:on as consultants to both, however, while they were heavily CIA--backed, 3. The CIA's Foundation for Youth and Student Affairs was not headed by Amory Houghton, President of Corning Glass, but rather by Arthur Houghton, a Director of Corning Glass. 4, The article gives the erroneous impression that the American Negro Leadership Conference was completely CIA-backed. It was not. The ANLC received most of its funding from "clean" liberal sources, .5, ANLC Director Todd Brown was not from AMSAC but from a trade union, 6,. The CIA's international trade union program did not channel'most of its money through the ICFTU directly; instead several i.ated secretariats were used, including, but'not exclusively, the PSI, The PSI representative in East Africa in the period discussed in the article. was also working for the ICFTU, --Africa Research Group Approved For Release 2000/08/16 : CIA-RDP80-01601 R000400070001-3 0 HUMAN EYEN..U Approved For Release'2000/08/16 : CIA-RDP80-01601R000400 2 0 JUN 1970 Ii How~o;=! disarm them without endangering the. free institutions 'enjoyed by every American. would you believe it lies in.South Africa? Nathaniel Weyl's new book, Traitors End, is the first fact-by-fact ,: account of the rise and fall of the Communist movement in = South Africa. Weyl reveals how the tactics used by the Reds were chillingly similar; to today's revolutionary activities in America. But the big surprise: Rhodesia and- : : South Africa defeated the Communists - by a strategy that stamps out reuolutio l freedom! ti i ona tu without destroying const ? ~_:__ :_ .,R Ohs fair FIRST IT WAS mushrooming crime. Then. 0~t' = street and campus riots. Now, open attacks .on our legal system, and terrorist bombings. Our leaders look the other way. Or wonder. how they can spend another ten billion dollars. Or reach for the old cliches that even some lib- erals are beginning to question. - Meanwhile the plain American looks at this breakdown of order and asks himself : can the their differences and despite our shabby treat- American system survive? How? Until this book, it never occurred to most of us to turn toward southern Africa. Why should we? We are not South Africa, or Portugal, or Rhodesia. Yet these nations-friends of America despite were moving in for the kill. i Afore than one million blacks move into b In the 50s and early 60s. the South African Reds were a major menace. Working through., w UN'brands winschesiafa "threat to Goldberg, tthe African National Congress and other fronts.., flonal ~~ .. enjoying support from Bantus. Coloureds. w Churchill's little-known warning about the Indians and white Liberals. . . backed by Russia. ' "black peril" in South Africa. the Afro-Asian bloc and JFK, the Communists ,- "Lord Bunting, Imperialist Bloodsucker." of this challenging new book. Ethiopia. , stitutions, but he does show where we can ]earn Lens? Rhodesian statistics on black education from their successful tactics. That is the subject compared with those of Liberia, Tanzania, I -a , Does Rhodesia really neglect its black citi- W-1 doesn't claim we should imitate their in- + areas in the world where the revolutionaries _ are losing. Why they are losing ... how they are being beaten - these are facts we desperately need. , And that is why Nathaniel Weyl wrote this book: to show America and the West how to- win - without giving up our republican form of government, due process, and an independent - judiciary. Nathaniel Weyl travelled widely in South CLAA-p self. Result: the only book of its kind. It brims = with data never before published in this country: Angolan terrorists cut their victims in half ve something to- tell us. Nathaniel I Adlai Stevenson defends the terrorists. oom- Yet today South Africa is strong and !( ing. Rhodesia has passed through the worst of South Africa illegally - to get in on a little of &to and Washington. Angola and Mozambique are r Liberals' cast South Africa as "Pro-Nazi." slowly beating back the terrorists. It Is an 1i1 But South Africa tears VP the script, backs Approved For Release 2000/08/16': CIA-ROP80-01 01 R000400070001-3 0 fn Al