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December 9, 2016
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January 12, 2001
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October 24, 1970
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sAN FRANAraroxivi for Release 2001/03/ EXAMINER E - 208,023 EXAMINER & CHRONICLE S - 648,231 OCT 24 , VTO op - 1-1'rti5111-11 LTTO7 -11 II IL) (z 0 1..11. IL WASHINGTON ? (LDE) ? She is, even by ? the . standards _ of the late Jan Fleming, a most , beautiful spy. Her story is a complex one.. - Certainly, if the world has heard the last of 26 sear old Jennifer Miles, it hasn't heard the full facts. ? This week Jennifer Allies was named as a Cu- ban spy and arrested by the 11-3I for her activities r in Washington. ? - At the same time it was suggested that she ; ? had information about the Quebec terrorist organi- zation, the FLQ, which had murdered, Pierre La- porte and still holds British diplomat James Cross a prisoner. -Today she is somewhere in South Africa ? apparently a free woman. Her interrogation by the FBI effectively ditched her Cuban contacts One spy ring has at leaA be-e;i'-s.lie was the bright and intel- smashed. ; Jennifer Miles grew into tall, leggy adulthood in Kim- berley, South Africa's hot, :dry, diamond-mining c it y. :She was shy but friendly, the typical "girl next door" to her numerous boyfriends. She as a popular and effi- cient secretary at a large ;Kimberley 'garage and was a Istage-struck member of the .local amateur theatrical :group. Says Goodbye suddenly, the small ton girl, her hair :cut urchin-style to ? emphasize her boyish fie , gure, said goodbye td her parents and friends, went to Britain and found a job with , a market research company in London. Then, in 19(35, she sailed for Canada and from there head- ed for the United States where she set out to conquer Washington. She got a job at the South African Embassy, and quick- ly became "political secre- tary," responsible for ;the is- sue of visas to Anericans. She threw herANP MYR 11,3W life with vigor. By day. ligent and decorative secre- tary ? at night she showed up at scores of diplomatic parties and in the Smartest night spots. Exposed With her scores of compan- ? ions, she showed an inex- haustible appetite for infor- mation about Cuba. Her inquiries were the stuff_ of which espionage is made. And Jennifer's spying activities (her code name was 'Mary") were exposed when she was _photographed. contacting the man who was "running" her. ? His code name in the DOI the Cuban secret service ? was "Jo s e." His real name Is Rogelio Rodriguez Lopez, Counsellor of the Cu; ban mission to the United Nations. The "drop" to meet Jose was a shabby bar in the As- toria section of the New York borough of Queens. On Oct. 3 Jennifer rendez- voused. at the drop with Jose. The photograph the FBI took of them leaving the bar led f &II 200 / 3 \\hen s1i r1 F ui 11 e Washington she Ithd jem , STATI NTL 04: CIA-RD shadow. The. Advice her activities to the Shite DeL I But . jennifCr . offered . re- formed the South African potters , -? embassy that she was meet- 4 '-'''loyshould direct their ing a Cuban epy: , questions about her activities . !. to the chief of BOSS, the BIE: ? EMbarrassed - i, eau of state s e'c it r it y _ The, South African embassy f South Africa's secret police. was described as surprised, I It got a laugh. BOSS and its I embarrassed a n d coopera- , officers has never been , live. ? known to answer anyone's . .- So Was Jennifer. She ,gave (111?stIons? lead to the expulsion of her einbassy in 1Vashington say it knew about her activities before she was taken by the : FBI? Sorely no embassy . would tolerate a junior menu- her of their staff knowin, her the FBI enough evidence to! Why did the South African 1 i contact and Cuba's thief spy ,o in America. . i She told the FI31 she had spent -four months in Cuba !.where she had been recruited , . - by the Directorio General du i I? be Working for metersts - Inteligencia to spy in Wash -I, inimicable to the host state? ington. She told the FBI she i And what was she doing in was motivated by .ideological : Canada after she returned ; sympathy rather than money . from Cuba? That has , not or love. ; been satisfactorily explained , . She also gave theme corn- either. . . plete a c c o unt of names, , ? Cuban Role . s dates and places of many dip- ' One thing is certain: *Cuba lomats and , State Depart-: . merit officials -with whom she already is playing an impor- had had contact. Several- of itant role in African terrorist a c ti vi t y against Rhodesia them were "liberals" hostile ' and South Africa. Somecap- to South African interests, Those are the public facts. ..tured terrorists are known to But there is another mystery; have gone to Cuba for guer7: 11- t?-? ? ' in the Jennifer story. I ,-? Wh ' did tt C -e .,e When the revolution broke genre Agency leak ,a- report Out an Zanzibar deeesing the). on the events, when the FBI: ' old sultan in 1954 and allowe , South Africa it big Communist revolutionary had pledged move would be hushed up? -- 1 7-7 movements to gain their first foothold off the coast of.Afri- t Angered?,,,, ea, Cuban ad visors and, -- Was it because, as Is 'stler:- a r in e d Cuban mercenaries gested in Washington,' the' were sem in the forefront of _C_L j1 was angered, not be-, the African takeover. of the. cause the FBI had alloWed a Arab-ruled island of spicesei Cuban .spy to escape jus-tied;se Cuban methods are being. but. bec,seuse it permitted ae I used in Africa to drive the I South .A` ri. frican spy to whites out and it is vital to . home. ,- I South Africa that iLknows.: Was, in fact, the beautiful ! what. is going. on in Castro.'si . Jennifer a double agent? : Communist island. ' Her confession to the. FBI ? Negligence, has harmed not only the Cu- If Seuth Africa does not, ban cause but also prominent have agents planted onthe..: anti-South Africans inside the Cuban s, then that ? would' American State Department sMack of :the kind of:ineffi- ciency and negligence which. hardly squares with the ree cord of BOSS. -- ? .: No one can pove that ..Ten- nifer was a double agent 7- but it's difficult to find any- one in Washington or Jo- -; hannesburg who docea't be- lievc, Certainly, if she wasn't, i. is unlikely that she could be livitne; in South Africa out of It could not have been'. a.11eat- er operation if it had .been planned., The question still un-answered is: Was it? When the Jennifer story broke in South Africa report- ers hurried to her ep aulet. She \\7-as away but returned Thursday with a burly Afri- keener to pack a bag Of clothes. She described him as her . tilvcsfore- ro'?[:!:9$. 11L',101090 !".;:?'\:\111i-Sro uth r o fn. .a _eirl who hes no . ? ? and was driven cif b.r him Afric.7.,.n fou her ICkiiGOTRIBiJIE11 Approved For Release 2000GIDMa : CIA-RDP80- N.K9 17 ?6h STATI NTL by Robert Wiedrich ? ' ?-????????? ' ?=4 o THE INSIDE SCOOP: Those who think that bearded warrior lurking 90 miles off the Florida coast iS just a nice guy with only his peoples' best interests at heart should heed this: -?1777,1 After months of the type of cloak and agger work you usually read only in paperbacks, the CIA has reportedly determined that Fidel Castro is operat- ing 43 camps on his tight little island where some 19,000 terrorists frorn.Asia, Africa, ?,the middle': east and The Americas are being trained in the fine arts of subversion ana sabotage. Just in recent weeks, the United States has learned that some leaders of the - Palestinian guerrillas who hijacked international jet liners last month and then threw King Hussein's Jordan up for grabs were graduates of the Castro schools for terrorism. The camps have been in existence for about two years, financed by 600 Communist leaders from 83 countries who attended a 1966 Tri-Continental Congress sponsored in Havana by the Soviet Union. At that parley, the Red chieftains agreed to finance the recruiting of terrorists from their nations with Cuba selected as the training ground. ? Couple this news with our disclosure some months ago that Cuba had beco'me a vast staging area for pumping heroin ind cocaine into the United States and it becomes obvious Castro is indeed a most busy fellow, hardly one left with time to worry about his peoples' best interests. It's small wonder the S.D.S. had to lend a hand in harvesting Castro's sugar crop. Affairs Revolutionary: In a recent issue of Rebel Youth, a Communist youth organ published in Havana, Black Panther defense minister Huey P. Newton made it abundantly clear just where the Panther leadership gets some of its philosophy. In an intervievi, Newton rattled off, the names of Castro, Che Guevara, 110 Chi Minh, Kim Il Sung and Mao Tse 'rung, pIus the Palestinian guerrillas, as people who had had great influence and inspiration on the Black Panthers. And when he was asked to define the party's ideology, Newton declared that the Panthers had transformed successfully the ideology of Black power, a sociologist ideology, to Marxist-Leninist ideology. . . . FBI director J. Edgar Hoover noted in his Fidel Castro , ? October message to lawmen that 561 police officers had been slain from 1960 thru 1969. Then he added, "When a iaw enforcement officer dies at the hands of a killer, part o'f our system of law dies with him." Amen. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 ? Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80- FL PASO, TFX. HERALE-:?uST E ? 42,661 oci 1 1974 ckev Sent ack. Last week Fidel Castro unex- plainedly and unexpectedly turned over to U.S. officials a hijacker who had forced a TWA plane bound for Philadelphia to fly to Havana. There were two "firsts" in this incident: It was the first time Cas- tro had permitted any U.S. officials inside Cuba, and the first time any of 80-some Cuba-bound hijackers had been officially returned to the United States by Cuba. Nobody figures Castro is setting any precedent by this action. But, at the same time Castro reminded the United States a few years ago his delegation at the United Nations offered to negotiate agreements on hijacking with individual countries, whatever that means. Of course his propaganda agencies also were . claiming that some of the hijackers were CIA agents. In?Eircase, if Castro is willing to make some type of deal, it would be worthwhile finding out what his terms are. This hijacking epidemic is such a dangerous menace that any steps which might curb it would ? seem to be essential. The certainty of prosecution would deter most would-be hijackers. ? In this connection, what has be- ? come of the proposal to get hijack- ing on the United Nations agenda as "an urgent and important matter?", 1-5 Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 STATI NTL 61 Approved For IMper23,99a9M: CIA-RDP80-01 1 Oct 1970 CASTriO'S While the U.S. Coast Guard is patrolling the Eastern and Gulf CIA coastline to prevent anti-Castro exile groups from invading Cuba from the U.S. mainland, the State Department and the Central Intelligence Agency are clandestinely aiding a Cuban exile clique in Florida, who pur- portedly are trying to recruit and train guerrilla fighters to invade Cuba. This group is headed by Rolando Masferrer, known as the "tiger" in the Batista regime in Cuba. He once unsuccessfully tried to pull off an invasion from Haiti. His record for treachery is well known to the FBI, CIA, Naval Intelligence and the Defense Intelligence Agency. Commander in chief of the alleged expedition- ary force is Gen. Eulogio Cantillo, who delivered the Cuban army to Castro. The project is called the "Torriente Plan" in honor of Jose Elias De La Torriente, former manager of the Spry Bottling Co. in Havana, and who is now an American citizen, reportedly working for the CIA. Recruits for the invasion army are required to fill out an application stating the names, addresses and occupations of all of their relatives in Cuba. The only person needing this information is Fidel Castro, so be can hold them as hostages. The CIA has been reluctant to assist this ob- vious set-up, but has had no choice in view .of orders from the State Department backed by Henry Kissinger. NOTE: As this issue goes to press, WO learns that double agent Masferrer has been arrested by the FBI. Hopefully, this arrest and WO's ex- posure will stop the obvious trap. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 STATI NTL LUBBOCK, TEX. - AVALANCli?JOURNAL M ? 62,423 E ? 29,872 S ? 73,507 SEP 28 273 A-- _7'3? 11 iiinin ? \Li ?1_,./.;1...a. INTRIGUING possibilities are seen in Thursday's action of the Cuban government in turning over to the U. S. an American -:Army private accused of hijacking a jetliner to Havana last month. - . The suspect, Robert J. Labadie, 27, is the first accused hijacker to be handed over by Cuban officials directly to American authori- ties, who were allowed to fly to Havana for ,exchange of custody. - Whether the action presage.s a change in Cuba's policy on hijackers is not certain. An attorney appointed to represent the pris- oner in la U. S. Federal Court preliminary hearing said he believes no change in Cuban, attitude is intended. He 'explained that La- 'badie had inforined Cuban officials .he want- red to come back to this country. "Labadie was held under prison-like con- ditions" by the Cubans, the attorney said his :client explained. "Ile was not afforded good -treatment." - ? - , To government authorities trying to. read anything favorable into the action, half 'a loaf must be better than none .at all. The iCubans, whatever their move means, depart- !ed considerably from their confirmed prac- :tice. If they allowad any of the earlier_ hijackers to leave Cuba the accused usually i:.filtered back- into the 'U.S. via Canada. --' This country has been seeking without . 7: m ark e d success to induce all nations to sur- render airplane hijackers to the trial jurisdic- tion of Ny ha te ver country marked the scene of the aerial takeover. Cuba is one of the ,countries that declined to go along with the , 0 0 - ???"..--??? ? , request. Labadie's manifest disenchantment with the Cuban reception also might affect the screwball thinking of some others tempted to essay a role in continuing the wave of hijackings to Havana. The box score now shows 122 commercial airliners were divert- ed to the Communist island since May 21, 1967. Cuban security police announced List week they had discovered agents of the Central Intelligence Agency, posing as air- craft hijackers. The official Cuban .news agency Prensa.Latina said the CIA, nses the method in efforts to `.`infiltrate the'CoUntry." . "Cuban security force S have not -wasted. much time in discovering- them and the 'soy ends his adventure in jail," lila agency , Possibility of such infiltration, of course, has. not been lost on many observers, since information is gathered in devious v.-a-vs hv all governments..It is not considered tinlila- ly that some of the Cubans v.-ho elect to enter the U. S. on the daily "freedom air- lift" are intellicrenc _agents of Castro's gov- ernment, and -diet) me others are identified , with Russian a Red Chinese espionage rings, - At .that, the cal lated risks of the airlift ma y be counter) anced by its humane. , aura. We can hope at the Cubans, having - made one conces! 1, will find additional concessions easier. 'hat eventuality might tip the scales tosva international deterrents against sky piracy. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 Approved For Re.eate"2' : -_DP80-016 26 SEP 1970 beware! C.), 9 Jin ,1 9n s rennin. OA MEM By James Nelson Go-Ascii Latin Am erica correspondent of The Christian Science Monitor k break in the United States-Cuban im- ;se over skyjacking may well be in the ng. This is the reaction in Washington and in arnational aviation circles as a result the return to United States soil of an ac- ;ed skyjacker with Cuban Government -mission. State Department authorities re quoted as saying they "note with satis- tion that Cuban authorities are return- this man to the United States." :The individual in question, Robert J. Dadie, was brought out of Cuba Sept. 24 )ard the second of the two regular refugee lifts from the island's Varaclero Airport Miami. He is the first accused skyjacker 3e handed over by Cuban officials directly American authorities. Vhether this action marks the start of a STATINTL Approved For Release ?IRMPIR4ggJA-100040001-5 25 SEP 1970 'CUBA CHARGES U. S. SPIES DO AIR HIJACKINGS MEXICO CITY, Sept. 24 (UPI.1---Cuban security forces have discovered agents of the United States Central Intel- 1 ligence Agency posing as air- craft hijackers, the official Cuban news agency Prensa Latina said today. In a dispatch from Havana, I the agency identified most hijackers of aircraft to Cuba as C. I. A. operatives, disgruntled Cuban exiles and "common criminals:" Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 , Approved For Release 29124/9R94T:196k-RDP80-0?triki00500040001-5 2 5 SEP 1970 CUBisi 21111E1IDERS A HIJACKER FrO TI 0.1. Handed Over to Officials - in First Such Case ? By BENJAMIN V,T,LLES ? satelai o The New Yo: i T:Ittes WASHINGTON, Sept. 24? The Cuban Government, in the first action. of its kind, returned an American airplane hijacker to the United States today.? - Robert Labadie, an Army pri- vate who hijacked- a jet over Indiana on Aug. 24 and forced it to fly to Havana with 86 passengers, was handed over to United States officials this morning. The officials?a Public Health Service doctor and a, deputy United States marshal, both from Miami---flew to Varaclero, 70 miles east of Havana, and returned on one of the two daily refugee flights that Carry Cubans to the United States. On arriving at Miaoi, Laba- die, who is 27 and absent with- out official leave from an Army psychiatric clinic at Valley. Force, Pa., was brought b-efore I a United States commissioner! for a perminary hearing. Labadie, who was ordered held in $500,000 bond, is un- der Federal indictment issued Sept. 10 by a Federal District Court at South Bend, Ind., for air piracy and kidnapping and will .presumably be transferred there to stand trial. Robert ? J. McCloskey, the State Department spokesman, _said the United States had .notedt he Cuban action with satisfaction. Officials said the action had - been unexpected ancitT hey de- dined to predict how Cuba Might handle future hijackings. The officials suggested that the Cuban Government had act- ed on the basis of information passed through the Swiss em- bassy, which represents Unit- ed States interests in Cuba. The information dealt with the history of Labadic's psychia- tric disorders. The United N a ..cicririgtOPRiasieti in its possession about hijack- ers for the Cuban Government's App When Labadie hijacked the plane, a Boeing 707 of Trans World .Airlines, h told a stew- ardess that he was "Captain George" and that he had a bomb and an accomplice aboard. Others Left Voluntarily While noting that this was the first time the Cubans had directly returned an American hijacker to the United States, officials pointed out that Cuba had previously permitted about 14 to return voluntarily, prin- cipally through Canada and Mexico. About 70 hijackers have still not returned to the United States from Cuba. A report issued ? in Mexico City by the Cuban press agency Prensa Latina has said that most hijackers are agents of the Central Intelligence Agency! whom the Cuban authorities. quickly detected. Other hijack- ers, Prensa. Latina said, were; disgruntled Cuban exiles . or, common criminals. This was said to be the first time the Government of Pre- mier Fidel Castro had permit- ted . United States officials to, fly to Cuba on one of the; daily refugee airlift planes.1 These have been operating' since 1055 between Varadero and Miami and have brought out an averane of 3.500 Cubans going into exile each month. The officials noted that while - the Cuban delegation at the United Nations Offered last fall to negotiate hijacking pacts with individual countires, a United States response to Cuba is still under consideration nearly a year later. Albert L. Carricarta, a Miami lawyer assigned to represent Labadie by the United States Commissioner, Ed Swan, told reporters that Labadie had in- formed the Cuban Authorities. that he wanted to return to the United States. "He was not afforded good treatment" Mr. Carricarta said. "He, was held under prison-like conditions and he wanted to come back to get some kind of treatment for his psychiatric or psychological disorder." ? . The Cuban government agreed, the lawyer added, and the United States informed it two days ago through the Swiss embassy that it would accept Labadie.' The Swiss em- bassy thereupon made the ?final arrangements. 01/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 STATI NTL WATERTOWN, N.Y. TIMES E ? 43,427 SEP 25 19-70-- 500040001-5 Castro Frees a Hijacker ' Fidel Castro has permitted an American serviceman who hijacked a TransWorld Airliner to Cuba Aug. 24 to be returned to the United States. His action could be a harbin- ger of the cooperation necessary if , air piracy is to be eliminated. The ? importance of this latest episode is that it is the first time Cuba has re- leased for return to the U.S. a hijack- er as a result of direct request from our government. Whether the hijack- er's disenchantment with treatment he received from the Castro govern- ment was also a factor in the release will have to be determined when au- thorities complete their, interroga- tion. Another tiny particle of optimism lies in the fact that American offi- cials were permitted to pick up the hijacker in Cuba. In previous release cases, Castro has acted through other governments, mainly Canada and Switzerland. While it granted the release, the Cuban government, through its con- trolled press, could not resist some obfuscation by charging that most American hijackers were either spies of the C.I.A. or common criminals. The remarks could be only a tempo- rary smokescreen. If there is another hijacking and the perpetrator is again returned under the same cir- cumstances, then prospects for , change would be much brighter. Di- rect and immediate cooperation from nations where hijacked planes are forced down is the genuinely logical way to end this criminal activity. It is to be hoped that this episode will help engender the right atmosphere elsewhere so that innocent people Can travel about their business in comfort and safety, but most of all ? free of misgivings. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 Approved For Release 2001/03104: CIA-RDP80-016MMAn0040001-5 7ASHI1GT011 POST SEP 1970 ? 0 0 11 11 . =.1 11,1 TIEACIM Irka'aisLf BANGKOK ? A Small Thai charter plane was hi- jacked and forced to fly into North Vietnam by a gunman tentatively identified as an American with a police rec- ord in Arizon, Thai authori- ties announced yesterday. Bira Air Transport, owner of the. single-engine Cessna Wren, said that the hijacker rented the plane on the pre- text of scouting locations for a motion picture. The plane's pilot, Sangiem Po- oniketkaew, said that the American Friday pulled a gun and forced him to fly tc a beach between Vinh and Donghoi in North Vietnam. .".rhe American left behind an American pr.ssport bear- ing the name Bob Kesee, of Phoenix, Ariz. Authorities in Phoenix said that a man with a simi- lar name, Sgt. Bobby J. Kee- see, had stolen a light plane in New Mexico in January ? 1962 and flown to Cuba, _ where he asked political asy- lum. ? Sent back to America by Cuban authorities, ' Keesee . testified at a trial for auto theft that he was. a CIA agent and that his flight to Cuba had been part of a scheme to parachute two anti-Castro guerrillas into .that country. He was con- victed of the charge. (OctiTO VY Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 Approved For Release 2001/0/04 : CIA-RDP8 STATINTL WASHINGTON STAR C7709 ri 0 0' A (c;.1 L7) LI Ili 114 r;-.1 f)? .. BANGKOK WPI) A Thai light plane was hijacked Friday and forced to fly to North Viet- nam by a gunman tentatively identified as an American ex- convict who has a way of turn- ing up in trouble around the world. Press reports said an Ameri- can posing as a film producer in search of locations forced the Thai pilots of a chartered Cess- na to land him on a beach at Doug Hoi in North Vietnam. The pilots, Sanglem Poomket- kaew and Manee Aroor.sawasdi, said Vietnamese irregulars fired on the plane as it was taking off on the return flight but hit it only once, in the tail assembly. The Bangkok Post said the hi- jacker left a U.S. passport bear- ing the name Bob lieSCO of Phoenix, Ariz., in the plane. Held in Cuban Jail . (Authorities in Phoenix said a man with a similar name, Sgt. Bobby J. Keesee, an alleged de- serter from the U.S. Army, stole a light plane in New Mexico in 'January 1962 and flew to Cuba, where the asked for political. asy- lum. (Denied asylum, he was held for 49 days in a Cuban jail, then returned to the United States to face 153 criminal charges, rang- 2 0 SEP 197D ? 'sae-a 0 0 SANGIEM POOMKETKAEW The Pilot ? lug from cashing bad checks to desertion. (Keesee was convicted of transporting a stolen car across state lines and served two years in prison.. The other charges were dropped. (At his trial, Keesee claimed he was a CIA agent participat- ing in a scheme to parachute two anti-Castro guerrillas into Cuba. He said Cuban fighter planes forcedllim to land in that, BOBBY J. KEESEE Named as Hijacker (Last June, Keesee was one of 53 persons held captive in a ho- tel in Amman, Jordan, by Arab guerrillas demanding army re- forms. (His brother, Ike, of Phoenix, id he has not heard from Bob- y since May, when Bobby said he was going to take a flying job in Alaska. Ike Keesee said his brother served 15 years in the army and was -wounded in Ko- rea.) country. An employe of the Manorah Hotel said said a "fat, short man with a crew cut" who gave his name as Bob Kesee arrived in Bangkok by plane from Manila Aug. 31 and registered at the hotel Sept. 2, giving his age as 35 and his occupation as "pilot." Leaves Personal Effects The hotel employe said the man left Monday, telling the desk clerk he was going to Hong Kong but would return to Bang- kok in a 'few days. He left a large black leather bag contain- ing cosmetics and several novels in his room. A spokesman for Bira ? Air Transport Ltd., which owns the Cessna, told The Post the hijack- er chartered the plane in ilbon Friday, saying ho was a produc- er desiring to scout locations for a film about Thailand and said he would be using the plane for several days. The pilots said their passenger produced a revolver about 20 minutes after taking off from Ubon at 9 a.m. and ordered them to fly, across Laos to North Vietnam. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 STATI NTL Approved For Release pin/03/04 : CIA-RDP80 bTi . I9TO Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 Approved For Releasew2110111MID4 : CIA-RDP80-0160 lxv:4 20 AUG WO EN. STEPHEN M. YOUNG, D-Ohio, was talking about a "plane that was hijacked to Cuba and grumbling. aout how, no Swiss Embassy official appeared to tell Americans that any attention was being given to their situation. Then he said this: :"This points up the grave blunder President Eisenhower made closing our Embassy in Havana. We lost a listening post there. We are dependent on the Swiss Embassy to serve American Interests. They have failed us. Now, after 12.years, Fidel Castro seems more entrenched in power than ever. We have Embas- sies in numerous Communist countries. We should resume di- plomatic relations. A listening post in Cuba would he important to us. Surely, a Cuban ambassador and staff in Washington could not endanger us. We would gain by an ambassador with his staff, including the usual CIA agents, on the spot in Hav- ana." Well, that's certainly spelling it out. _ . . _ . STATI NTL Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R0005000400-01-5 i*SiiigU;I:Pli STAR Approved For Release 2001gb3/9A:Rit-RDP8 Magazine Claims Increased Soviet Activity in Cuba NEW YORK (AP) ? Ameri- can intelligence analysts are growing more concerned about Soviet activity in Cuba, Time magazine says. In its current issue, Time re- ports that the United States has increased surveillance flights by U2 aircraft and satellites to one a daY, the highest number since the missile crisis of 1962. The weekly news magazine says that since April, Soviet TU95 bombers have made six flights to Havana, probably on reconnaissance missions and to deliver military supplies. "The flights may also be an effort to test the U.S. response; since there was no reaction fol- lowing the first two flights in April, four more followed," the magazine says. "Three or four Soviet aircraft are now appearing on U.S. main- land radar screens every 24 hours, the largest number ever," Time says, adding there have been reports of Soviet Ko- mar-class missile boats off Key Biscayne, Fla. The boats were "outside the 12-mile internation- al limit, but well within their missiles' 15-mile range of the Florida white House," Timel says. STATI NTL Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 Approved For Release 2/61RicyrisCIA-RDP80-016 18 July 1970 0 lenDs tUcint U.S. ilellp (Th On April 17 (the anniversary of the 1961 Bay of Pigs fiasco) the Cuban exile military organization Alpha-66 landed 13 commandos on the east coast of Cuba. They allegedly were captured, but if so only after Fidel Castro threw an esti- mated 25,000 troops into the fray. Cas- tro lost several men as well. Then on May 6,Alpha-66 "naval units" sank, in Cuban waters, two of Castro's high-seas fishing trawlers (used, as well, for spying and infiltrating guerrillas into Latin America). These two actions set off a chain of events in Washington that would have done credit Ad- ministrations. With Castro massing his mobs for a circus of protest, the State Department hit the panic button and on May 13 called together representatives of federal law enforcement agencies to figure out ways to protect Castro from further forays of this nature. What really teed-off the State Depart- ment was a momentary aberration by Alpha-66 to trade 11 crew members of the fishing vessels for the freedom of survivors of the April 17 landing. They soon thought better of it and sent a tele- gram to the Red Cross giving the loca- tion of the men and asking that they be returned to Cuba. 'CIA Invasion' . Meanwhile, Castro staged a''clemon- stration in front of the former U.S. Em- bassy in Havana, which is now being 'used by the Swiss government. He charged the Swiss, who regresent U.S. 4 /1nterests in Cuba, with complicity in what he called a "CIA invasion" by mercenaries. Two Swiss employes were pre- ' vented from leaving the embassy for two dais. Thr strategy was to mount Ssiss pre?,sitre on Washington to- track down on the Cuban exiles._tt ? morketi, obviously, and the State 'Devartment again danced to a Cas-- ? (ro tune. The demonstration was also used to Greater attention was given to files "welcome" the returning fishermen,, containing the names of contributors. who were soon to land at the airport in, These held special interest because the Havana. But the fishermen were late' wording in the warrant found "financial in arriving. .contributions and disbursements to oh.. By PAUL BETHEL 'leave his island in small boats), -they ? 'found them literally in rags. Shoes were patched with palm bark; shirts and trousers were in tatters. ?So, before setting them free, Alpha-66 pro- vided the men with shoes and new cloth- ing. When the men arrived at the airport. in Havana, they were divested of their new goodies and forced to don old worn clothing. Some, we are told, protested vehemently. The bearded dictator took, the oc- casion of the "welcome" extended the fishermen to announce that the 10-mil- lion-ton sugar harvest was a failure. Despite closing down factories, schools and offices 'and marching the people out to the fides, the harvest on which Paul D. Bethel, .1 prmer U.S. Foreign Service Officer, serves as 4.-xerririve director of the Citizens Committee for a Free ('uba. A contributing editor of Human Events., Mr. Bethel has also written on Latin America for the Reporter, National Review, the Hearst Headlino Service and United Features they nappy .to see their contributions go down the drain when overzealous fccleral s t. usCIL Cesar? Can the State Department be serious? If this section of the law were applied impartially, how many Jews would today be under indict- ment for openly soliciting funds for the purchase of bellicose materials for a foreign nation?Israel? ? How many senators and congressmen would today have egg on their faces for participating in fund-raising func- tions, publicly organized and propagan- dized, for that very purpose? That is how the Cuban community sees the matter. This author has no particular objec- tion to fund-raising by Jewish groups in the United States. Cuban exiles certainly do not. Indeed Cuban Jews in exile have contributed substantially to Israel's war chest. They are furious when they, as Cubans, try to do the same for the libera- tion of their country, only to find adouble standard raised against them. Nor are Syndicate. Castro had placed "the honor cif the officials seize equipment belonging to ? Back in Miami, federal agents acting , groups called to his office, the repre- on State Department interpretation of sentative stressed that "the spirit as antiquated neutrality laws entered Alpha-? well as the law" will be upheld. He is: ? 66 headquarters. The search warrant ' ? ! alleged that there was evidence that s 1) ,Alpha-66 had launched its attacks from U.S. territory; 2) Cubans were. ? raising funds for bellicose pur- poses; and 3) all of this was being done to attack a nation with which the U.S is "at peace, to wit: Cuba." II Revolution" failed to materialize (in exile groups. .1952, 350,000 guajiros cut and ground But what blew it for Miami's 350,- 7.3 million tons in 100 days; Castro has 000 Cubans was an "edict" read to them? had twice that many working and pro- 000 the hapless State Department repre- sentative in Miami. . days). According to the heads of exile action' said to have told them that fund-raising' for a bellicose purpose is definitely out-, side the law and warned them not only would they be prosecuted should they launch an attack from the U.S., but would also be stopped from using an- other Latin American country for that Of the 37 items impounded, those of military significance were "one.. large carton filled with military-type web military-type field pack...and one large cardboard carton filled with plastic military-type can- teens." With such evidence, Army- Navy surplus stores could be indicted. They were late due to an unforeseen need to change clothing. When Alpha- 66 rcscued the crews from the sinking vessels (turn have had the iediamphidsla.pirsspiap 'as Well :is ordered the shooting of thousands. seeking . to tam n boats and other supplies" possibly prosecutable. , . ase 2001/03/04: 80-016FaclePtidteliati4 purpose. The exact wording in the instructionsj from the State Department reads: "We would like to make it clear that if therei is sufficient evidence of activity basedi in the U.S. for any such military expe dition, then the fact that a third country' is used as a staging area would not pre- elude the U.S. from proceeding to en- force its laws." : When the story of State Department policy hit the streets, the Cubans ex- ? ploded. Cuban students from the Uni- versity of Miami and Dade Junior Col- lege (Dade's 20,000 students comprise' 8,000 Cuban students) marched on the . ?flan lawyers; 11 Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01 BARNFSBORo, PA. .n7n STAR JUL 9 u WEEKLY - 6,130 LETTER TO THE EDITOR Cites !al STATI NTL ook On Commtnist Threat Syracuse, N. Y. To the Editor: . A remarkable book on the Castro-Communist threat to our country has just been issued in paperback by Twin Circle Publishing Co., of New York City. It is entitled "American Policy Failures in Cuba" with the subtitle "Drag- ger in the Heart." Its author, the renowned Latin American lawyer, Dr. Mario Lazo, was imprisoned in Cuba at the time of the Bay of Pigs and threatened with execution. His life was saved by his wife, who also helped him escape to the United States. Then, with the col- laboration of ten former Amer-- :an Ambassadors, two direc- tors and two deputy directors of the CIA, and 14 U. S. Ad- mirals and Generals, he de- voted seven years to research- ing and writing his dramatic : story. The completely docu- - mented book abounds with in- formation never before pub- lished. For the first time, the real truth is told about how and why Cuba was lost to Communism, and while pin- pointing the blame for Cas- tro's ascension to power, the book reveals that there had ? been several democratic alter- ? natives to Castro. Dr. Laze has given a revealing account of the Castro era, and of U. S. policies that have given world Communism a staging plat- form of fearful military and subvesive power in the Carib- bean?a dagger pointed at the heart of America. Dr. Laze recreates the Bay of Pigs invasion and the Cuban missile crisis; he reveals why the invasion failed, and why the missile crisis ended by guaranteeing Castro a pro- tected sanctuary in the Carib- bean. Dr. Laze gives the his- tory and background of Fidel Castro, and he writes of a conversation with the Guevara in which the letter remarked: "The Castro regime and Yan- kee imperialism are engaged in a death struggle, and we both know that one of the two must die in this fight." Former Ambassador to Cuba Spruille Braden says that "American Policy Failures in Cuba" should be required reading for every American citizen. and I agree. Dr. Lazo's book will help the American people to awaken to our ever present danger from Commu- nist China. ("American Policy Failures in Cuba" retails for $1.45 and can be obtained, post paid, from Twin Circle Publishing Co.. 88 Riverside Drive, New Work City, 10024). In a recent NET "Twin ? . Circle Headline" broadcast, the author spelled out the awful!' arithmetic of the Castro era:, ? 22,481 Cubans executed, 121,00ok In prison and forced-labor' camps, an estimated 2,100,' deaths at sea trying to reach Florida. "Everything in Cuba today is rationed, including sugar and tobacco," said Dr. Laze. "The sole exception is 'hate America' propaganda. The meat ration per person per week Is what Americans eat in one hamburger. Shoes in the black market cost $50 a pair. A doctor's prescription is ' needed to buy milk. The World Bank reported in the pre-Cas- tro era that the Cubans were among the better-fed people of the world. The country ex- ported many items of food. All this means," concluded Dr. Laze, "that the Cuban farmer . is fighting with his best wea- pon; he is producing no more than what he needs for his own family." Asked whether there were missiles under the surface of Cuba. Dr. Laze said, "Only the Soviets and the Castro broth- ers could answer that ques- tion. What we do know is that virtually all the Cuban cement production has gone into vast underground installations. ?Mice Hanchett Approved For Release 2001/03/04 : CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 Approved For ReleasewiagMliAcIA-RDP80-01601R 29 JUNE 1970 STATI NTL 6 S Faces I kJ orism Issue By JEREivIlAH O'LEARY Star Staff Writer Foreign ministers of mem- ber nations of the Organization of American States are in Washington for another diffi- cult confrontation with the is- sue of terrorism. Once again the Latin Ameri- can diplomats are going through a ritual battle be- tween the gavilanes and the palomas (the hawks and the doves). And the mighty U.S. eagle is trying both to get into the act and to stand on the sidelines. This first special session of the OAS General Assembly is seeking some solution to var- ious acts of terrorism, includ- ing kidnaping of diplomats and hijacking of planes. And the diplomats face the added com- plications provided by two even hotter issues: the status of Cuba and the issue of politi- cal asylum. In Latin America, the prac- tice of granting political asy- lum is virtually sacred ? a right that is beyond negotiat- ing, as far as most Latin offi- cials are concerned. On the other hand, all 23 nations participating in this assembly want to find a genu - inc solution to the problem of terrorism. These two factors are pro- ducing conflicts at the assem- bly be the Cuban- sponsored terrorists of Latin America so often follow up their acts of political terror with requests of political asy- lum. Distinctions Difficult The OAS foreign ministers , are asking themselves how to distinguish a criminal from a political dissident, a criminal act from a political act. If an opponent of a regime hijacks an airplane to Cuba, how is the crime of hijacking separa- ble from the act of political escape? If a band of terrorists ? kidnaps a diplomat to obtain freedom for political prison- ers, where should the line be drawn between the crime of abduction and the act of forc- ing the relaese of political dis- sidents? The issue, of course, in- volves Cuba, the nation that trains, finances and en- courages many terrorists and where they often find refuge. On the question of Cuba, the hawks and the doves collide. There were collisions as the OAS conclave opened last week. Peru's Foreign Minister Edgardo Mercado Jarrin, in the lead-off speech, included Cuba among the nations to be thanked for helping earth- quake-scourged Peru. He said in general terms that it is time for the Cuban nation to be returned to the inter- American fold. Costa Rica's Foreign Minis- ter Gonzalo Facio, a tough anti-Communist, followed with what he intended to be a rebuttal of any kind words for Cuba. He said Costa Rica does not feel that measures to pun- ish terrorism would affect the right of asylum. He added that he would support any resolu- tion that would suppress these terrorist crimes. Dialogue Possible Facio will be a key man in the arduous 'search for an OAS solution because, although he's hawk on Cuba, he represents a democracy. For that reason he can have a dialogue with the minority dove faction. The leading hawks, Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay, are firmly fixed in their approach to the terrorism issue and can- not expect the doves to accept any proposal that is either too tough on Cuba or too much in violation of the tradition of po- litical asylum. There are perhaps five na- tions that would like to resume diplomatic relations with Cuba now. The five are considered to be Chile, Venezuela, Bolivia, Jamaica and Trinidad and To- bago. Peru might hc sixth, possibility. The irony of t1Ir2 sqo 4,ion is that Fidel Caste? would no return to f,,,??1, prtic- ipation in the OAS at this time if the invitation were extcnc-- ed. An overwhelming majority of the OAS nation-, sorely would oppose any p1y fore rapprochement with _ Ct::)a but Havana would not 'In in- terested in any event. Mexico In Rare Role The interesting thing about this session is that Mexico, thr: only member which now Tins relations with Cuba, finds itvf closer to the hawk line than it has ever been before. Foreign Minister Antonio Carrillo Flores almost had an agree- ment hammered 'out with Cuba last year to set up rules for the handling of common criminals (i.e. hijackers) as opposed to political exiles. However, Cuba's Castro dashed the negotiations by in- sulting the Mexicans with charges that they had engaged in collaboration with the CIA.. Normally, Mexico might be expected to abstain from any resolution affecting Cuba. But this time the Mexicans might go along with a counter-terror resolution if its contents are acceptabl.e The OAS will be trying be- tween now and July 8 to come up with language that com- mits each nation to punich ter- rorists without impinging on ? , political asylum. In the long run, it is not what the resolution says but ? what the OAS governments themselves decide to do that counts. The likelihood is that the OAS will find a way to ' condemn terrorism and en- dorse asylum in the same res- olution. If member, nations then follow up by voluntarily cracking down on terrorists, even on those who are politi- cally motivated, the exercise will be worthwhile. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-016 STATI NTL S 9714 CONGRESSIONAL RECORD ? SENATE June 24, 1970 well-played baseball and the sportsman- will be of interest. I ask unanimous con- forto d ofl Ctl fht-hidsee,t.rhCiry: nwlollh Rat titd100:1100.;: msOueubarnv :t'''nlye activities . 'V 'welicl6c7tiat nil. ship so characteristic of participants in sent that it be printed in the REcotta, leYxp tacorted o by Castro, both in the U.S. ana this worthwhile program. There being no objection, the article I congratulate the officers, directors, was ordered to be printed in the RECORD, elsewhere in the hemisphere. and board members of International as follows: Not only is this right supported by our Babe Ruth Baseball as well as the leaders MCCLOSICRY DISTORTS POSITION: WHAT IS domestic law; it is thoroughly rooted in in- of the program in Nevada?Mr. Jay OFFICIAL U.S. POLICY TOWARD Cuss?ternational law. In 1962 the Senate Foreign Relation's Committee commented on this Kump, of Elko, who selsves as State di- (By Senator STROM THURMOND) official spokesman rector, and Mr. Bill 'Yogic, of Carson City, the assistant State director. At the same time, I offer a special tribute to the thousands of parents and other adult volunteers who have given so generously of time and effort to insure the success of Babe Ruth Baseball. Their unselfish contributions have been princi- pally responsible for the rapid growth of one of the finest programs in the en- tire spectrum of competitive aniateur athletics. Mr. President, Babe Ruth was the epit- ome of excellence in the sport of base- ball. He was the greatest home run hitter of all time. He was also, earlier in his career, a great pitcher. He was colorful and exciting, and he remains a source of ' inspiration to countless youngsters who aspire for success in baseball. I think it entirely appropriate that the name of Babe Ruth is perpetuated today not merely in the record books, but in a program that offers millions of boys the opportunity to play the game he loved. Of all the memorials saluting his achieve- ments, I think he would have treasured this one most of all. provision as follows: t only Tho State Department's . These aspirations are no yinherentlyto Robert J. McCloskey, has gravely distorted legitimate In any people, but the right official U.S. policy with regard to the libera- self-determination in embedded in the Char- tion of Cuba. ter of the Organization of the American At a press briefing on May 12, McCloskey States and in the principles of the inter- assailed the Cuban exiles in Miami who have American system. At the Punta del Este announced the first successful raids against Conference in January 1962, it was rec- the Communist regime in their homeland. ognized that the Communist regime of Cuba McCloskey is the deputy assistant secretary was incompatible with these principles!' of state for Press Relations. There is no excuse, then, for the State McCloskey said; "The government of the Department to take an anti-freedom pos- U.S. has noted with regret the announcement ture. It is not necessary for the U.S. gov- from Miami made by a representative of a _ernment to take a public stand on the mat- Cuban exile group, that members of his orga- nization have sunk two Cuban fishing vessels and are holding 11 Cuban citizens as host- ages." The State Department spokesman went on to remind "all persons who reside in (the U.S.) that the U.S. laws forbid the use of U.S. territory as a base for any military ex- pedition against a foreign country." But there is absolutely no reason for the U.S. government to "note with regret" at- tempts by Cubans to regain their homeland. In the first place, the Cuban exile groups , did not claim that their attacks were launched from U.S. territory. The State De- partment admits that the government has no evidence that the attacks were launched from the U.S. Why, therefore, "note with regret" an event which every freedom-loving man should applaud? The reason is that McCloskey, appointed to his post by President Johnson in 1964, Is simply parroting the old State Depart- ment line on Cuba. Like many another hold- over, he is able to maintain the status quo in areas which have not been demanding much attention lately. The President has his hands full on many another front, and men like McCloskey and the boys on the Cuban desk go on their merry way. In the past four weeks the Cuban eitua- tion has changed dramatically. The Cuban exile group, Alpha 66, and its allies have successfully infiltrated Cuban territory three times, landing twice and sinking the two boats the third time (see Human Events, May 30, 1070, page 20). Spurning involve- ment with the CIA, these groups of freedom loving Cubans have proved that they have a dedicated, viable operation, willing to make the necessary sacrifices. What should U.S. policy be toward such attempts? The policy is already spelled out in U.S. statute. It is a matter of law, PL 87-733. effective Oct. .3, 1962, that the U.S. is determined: To prevent Cuba, by whatever means, in- cluding the use of arms, from extending aggressive or subverolve activities to any part of this hemisphere; To prevent the creation in Cuba of an externally supported military capability en- dangering the U.S.; and THE AMENDMENT TO END ? THE WAR Mr. HA 11.1E.LD. Mr. President, last May 16, I addressed a community forum at McArthur Court at the University of Oregon in Eugene, Oreg. After my speech, I was presented. with petitions including 57,414 signatures supporting the Amend- ment To End the War, of which I am a cosponsor. I also received 3,000 signa- tures there opposing this amendment. As of this date, 80,238 Oregonians have signed petitions supporting the 'Amend- ment To End the War; 6,949 have signed petitions indicating their opposition. In addition, 8,628 Oregonians have written. letters to me urging that this amend- ment be passed, while 2,818 have used this means to request that I withdraw support for the amendment. Mr. President, in this time of increas- ing polarization I commend these peace- ful and orderly methods of expressing opinions. On both sides of the issue there have recently been violent protests which cannot be condoned. I believe that we in the U.S. Senate must encourage our fellow citizens to participate in the dem- OCratie processes, as then Oregonians have. Our responsiveness will prove t:iat this system can work. OFFICIAL U.S. POLICY TOWARD CUBA ? TO work With the Organization of Amer- ican States and with freedom-loving Cubans to support the aspirations of the Cuban peo- ple for self-determination. This legislation was a joint resolution passed by both Houses of Congress, and b,;ned by Pre,,, , ? . Nennedy shortly be- Mr. TOWER. Mr. President, I invite fore the Cuban ... : ,s. It is still on the books today and .. ,.I represents of- the attention of Senators to the article ficial U.S. policy. by the distinguished Senator from South But as circumst.... , Carolina which appeared in Human day, it is not necef..e?: , . Events on June 13. We are all vitally con- directly involved. Our earned with the problem of Cuba, and I work with "freedom-b.. ,.. believe t,hat Senator Tiluamo;;-.1'a article port; the asp1 rator ter at all, and certainly not against it. All that is needed Is a little "benign neglect" and perhaps some indirect arrangements whereby the Cubans can get needed arms and equipment. The Cubans are chiefly ask- ing the U.S. not to intervene on behalf of Castro. The President has all the authorization needed to implement such a policy. He has a group of dedicated Cubans who have not been neutralized and corrupted by CIA aid and assistance. It could be a textbook case of applying the Guam doctrine right in our own hemisphere. Let those who want their freedom fight for it themselves, but let us give moral and material assistance without getting our own military personnel in- volved. Such a response is proportionate to the present situation. The Cuban freedom fighters have a plan. If they succeed, they will be doing an im- mense benefit for us as well as themselves. If they fall, the situation will remain un- changed. But by all means, let us not con- tinue the perversity of protecting a brutal ? and bankrupt Communist regime on our doorstep. It is time to reactivate PL 87-733. It is ap- propriate to say once more what I said on the Senate floor while this resolution was being debated in 1962: "The establishment of a firm and clear policy position has not always meant that there would be firm execution of the policy. For instance, it is quite obvious that the (Monroe Doctrine has not been enforced in the case of Cuba. ? "It is always possible to find some excuse not to take affirmative action which a law or established policy demands, if those charged with the execution of the law or policy ap- proach their responsibility with a spirit of unwillingness and timidity. It is imperative that both the Congress and the President take whatever steps are necessary to insure that once this joint resolution is passed and signed into law, it is executed faithfully and precisely and without any footdragging." Note: Alpha 66, under heavy pressure fromM, the State Department three weeks ago, re- leased the 11 Cuban prisoners they had seized in an earlier raid. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 to- got us to to sup, people ? ADDITIONAL FUNDS FOR INDIAN CHILDREN Mr. KENNEDY. Mr. President, the Special Subcommitte on Indian Educa- tion, of which I was chairman during last year, conducted an extensive inves- tigation into the education of Indian children and found that by almost any Indicia, they are the most educationally deprived children in this country. We found, for example: That the Indian dropout rates. are Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-0 ARIZONA REPUBLIC 14 June 1970 ) L,:. Aapiture by ra-bis is latest ? ' : Two weeks ago Bobby Joe wrote his ? ' brother and told him to forward all his . ? ? mail to Anchorage, Alaska. ?st radventure in Valleyite s ife' . . brother until news reached him Wednes- day4) night that Bobby Joe was being i 1 That was the last Ike heard of his 3, ' s V By HOWARD E. BOICE JR. . ,. held captive in Jordan.. ' '? ' ? - _ . ? .: 1 .1 "I hope they don't find those paperg, An appetite for excitement led Bobby ,;t Ile testified at his trial that the dcser- (t go to Israel) on him or, he's a dead .Joe Keesee of Phoenix from the relative . tion and other criminal acts were partl $ck," Ike Keesee said before Bobby Joe:* 'safety of a service station attendant's, of his CIA cover story. He was told to doas released. i . job in south Phoenix to the depths of the it by the agent that recruited him, he Apparently they didn't. 3 said. . ? 'Mideast war last week. Keesee served two years of a five-year /17,77.77.77377.77107,77,7,, - - , federal prison sentence 'on the stolen car.:.' ' '? ? vi ; ,?,"?' ::,?444'ir ?, ?? For more than 36 hours the Pampa, , Tex., born airplane pilot was held hos- .. transportation conviction. The other 152 : . 4, , ? hos- tage in an Amman, Jordan, hotel by' I charges were dropped. gun-wielding guerrillas. I 1 He reportedly was released with 57 "He always loved fighting and flying," other captives after King Hussein of Jor- ? , his brother, Ike Keesee, told The Arizo- ! i 'den bowed to insurgent demands and. ; kid." na Republic, "ever since he Was a little i fired a royal uncle and cousin from .. 'their high army command posts. ? Bobby Joe Keesee lived next to his? brother in a trailer at 8825 S. Seventh f Keesee, a husky 35-year-old bachelor' 'St. after his release from federal custo- ,has frequently succumbed to his yearn- dy. ing for adventure, his friends reported "He ne,,ver talked much about his ex- periences," Ike Keesee said. "Always' . . And had the insurgents learned of his zl- kept things inside himself. , real purpose for journeying to the Mid- east, his fat might have taken a dras- "The only thing he ever said was, ) tic turn for the worse. . ? ?IDon't go to Cuba unless you like horse ......, , meat and rice! . . . that's all he would ; "He said he was going over there to ? kill some Arabs," said Keesee's former - S. . . . % ? 'boss, Robert Fulton, manager of the ; Bobby Joe told his older brother a , !Baseline Shell station at 7440 S. Seventh month ago that he had a flying job in liAve. 'Alaska. After that he was going to Is- "Hehis talked about going for "four or (his brother told him.ract to fight the Arabs, Ike Keesee said ir 'Jive months," Fulton added, "but I 7,. 'didn't really believe him." . 1. Bobby Joe had converted to the Jew- ? ., ' ,:t4 : Friends were disbelieving, too, 'in.; ish faith several years ago, Ike Keesee ....F,, 'March 1962 when they learned that two said. months previously Keesee, then an I% He added that Bobby Joe, a 15-year Army veteran, loved the Army and 1 'Army staff sergeant, had piloted, single-engine Piper Comanche to'; ;Cuba and had asked for political asy- ,. wounded there and earned the Purple Zaii)u,i,,..,,,?,,,i4,,,, .,,,,,4:iti. ,4.t.izia, laid combat in Korea exciting. He was ilum. ' ,Heart, three Korean battle stars and. a ..,. ...i.:,.... .Bobby Joe Keesee 1 j , Refuge was refused by Cuban authori- : good conduct medal. , I ,. .. ? .ties and, after 49 days in a Castro pris- on , Keesee was returned to the United i, After the war Bobby Joe became an ., ,States to face 153 criminal charges con- -evert skydiver and, while stationed at 1 - neeted with his escapade. The charges Ft. litrachuca, operated a parachuting ; i ranged from desertion to cashing bad school out of Nogales in his spare time. 1 , I cheeks to transporting a stolen car More recently; he had gone to Alaska i i across state lines. 'during the summer to pilot light aircraft 1 .? across the rugged northlands for oil ex- ?:; . ? 4 : Keesee said the Cuban episode was ploration companies, Ike said. volving the Central Intelligence Agency "He sure liked money, too," ex.boss (CIA) and the parachuting onto Cuban 1 : part of a cloak-and-dagger operation in- .Fulton said. "Excitement and money." tN - soil of two anti-Castro guerrilla leaders. In addition to pumping gas in south :1 ),(--- - He asked for political asylum as a Phoenix, Keesee worked for Precision, - Components Inc. at 1820 S. 35th Ave. and %..f. 1 ruse at the point of a submachine gun flew "sniffer" planes along the El Paso after his plane was forced down by Cu- Natural Gas Co. lines for that firm into:?.; ban fighter planes as he attempted to New Mexico. ,,....1._.,..,..? ,......,.: ...... -,,c.......s , escape the islarel, Keesee told authorities ?-? " ' on his return Appropiv0 ,For.Rglease 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R HUMAN EVENTS 13 JUNE 19T0 McCloskey Distorts Position - Mai is By SEN. STROM ThURMON.D (R.-S.C. STATENTI o4c -Towaugol: ibci? ? The State Department's official spokes- In the past four weeks the Cuban rooted in international law. In 1962 man, Robert J. McCloskey, has gravely situation has changed dramatically. The the Senate Foreign Relations Committee distorted official U.S. policy with regard Cuban exile group, Alpha 66, and its commented on this provision as follows: to the liberation of Cuba. allies have successfully infiltrated Cuban "These aspirations are not only in. At a press briefing on May 12, Mc- territory three times, landing twice and he Closkcy assailed the Cuban exiles in sinking the two boats the third time Miami who have announced the first (see Human Events, May 30, 1970, page successful raids against the Communist 20). Spurning involvement with the CIA, ently legitimate in any people, but right to self-determination is embed- ed in the Charter of the Organization f the American States and in the_prin- regime in their homeland. McCloskey is these groups of freedom-loving Cubans ciples of the inter-American system. At the deputy assistant secretary of state have proved that they have a dedicated, the Punta del Este Conference inJanuary for Press Relations. . viable operation, willing to make the 1962, it was recognized that the Corn- McCloskey said: "The government of necessary sacrifices. munist regime of Cuba was incompatible the U.S. has noted with regret the What should U.S. policy be towardswith these principles." . announcement from Miami, made by a such attempts? The policy is already representative of a Cuban exile group, spelled out in U.S. statute. It is-a mat- There is no excuse, then, for the that members of his organization have ter of law, PL 87-733, effective Oct. 3, State Department to take an anti-freedom sunk two Cuban fishing vessels and are 1962, that the U.S. is determined. ? posture, It is not necessary for the U.S. holding 11 Cuban citizens as hostages." ? To prevent Cuba, by whatever government to take a public stand on The State Department spokesman went means, including the use of arms, from the matter at all, and certainly not on to remind "all persons who reside extending aggressive or subversive ac:tivi- against.ruen neglect" and perhaps some it. All that is needed i a little s ki- ln [the U.S.] that the U.S. laws forbid ties to any part of this hemisphere;directgarranggements whereby the Cubans the use of U.S. territory as a base for ? To prevent the creation in Cuba of can get needed arms and equipment. any military expedition against a foreigtran externally supported military capabil- The Cubans are chiefly asking the U.S. country." ity endangering the U.S.; and ? not to intervene on behalf of Castro. But there is absolutely no reason? To work with the Organization of The President has all the authorization for the US. government to "note American States and with freedom-loving needed to implement such a policy. He with regret" attempts by Cubans to Cubans to support the aspirations of the has a group of dedicated Cubans who regain their homeland. In the first place, the Cuban exile groups did not claim that their attacks were launched from U.S. territory. The State Departiment admits that the govern- ment has no evidence that the attacks were launched from the U.S. Why, Cuban people for self-determination. have not been neutralized and corrupted ? by CIA aid and assistance. It could be This legislation was a jointresolu- a textbook case of applying the Guam tion passed by both houses of Con- doctrine right in our own hemisphere. gress, and signed by President Ken- Let those who want their freedom fight nedy shortly before the Cuban mis- for it themselves, but let us give moral sile crisis. It Ls still on the books and material assistance without getting today and hence still represents of- our own military personnel involved. therefore, "note with regret" an event fieial US. policy. Such a response is proportionate to the which every freedom-loving man should applaud? eve1 But as circumstances have d d ope present situation. today, it is not necessary for the U.S. The reason is that McCloskey, ap- to get directly involved. Our law en-1 pointed to his post by President Johnson courages us to work with "freedom:, in 1964, is simply parroting the old loving Cubans to support the aspirations State Department line on Cuba. Like of the Cuban people for self-determina- many another hold-over, he is able to hon." Our law allows us to do this maintain the status quo in areas which "by whatever means." We ccrtainlyface have not been demanding muchattention tlie rising tide of subversive activities lately. The President has his hands full exported by Castro, both in the U.S i our doorstep. -. on many another front, and men like and elsewhere in the hemisphere., McCloskey and the boys on the Cuban' , Not only is this right supported by It is time .. ' to reactivate PL 87-733. desk go on their merry Witie ? ? ? ' - . tour domestic law. it orplye!er 41 0 11QC768t-t t 6%-neat 200vosio4 : c The Cuban freedom fighters have I a plan. If they succeed, they will be doing an immense benefit for us as well as themselves. U they fail, the situation will remain unchanged. But by all means, let us not continue the perversity of protecting a brutal and bankrupt Communist regime on- kpprOVed-ForRel-e-ase tore what Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP8 HUMAN EVENTS 30 May 1970 Will U.S. Extend Guam The capture of 11 Cuban militiamen by an Alpha 66 infiltration mission should cause President Nixon to extend his Guam doctrine to the Cuban freedom fighters. The Nixon doctrine holds that those fighting against Communist aggression may receive military and economic as- sistance if they fight their own battle and leave American military personnel out of it. The Alpha 66 group has demon- strated that it and its allies are worthy of such assistance. It is the one group which has consistently re- jected overtures from the CIA, and which has never received one penny from the United States. Now, for the third time in as many weeks, anti-Castro fighters have suc- cessfully broached Cuban territory. Two of these were directed by Alpha 66, while the other was launched by the Na- tional Christian Movement. These in- cursions, the first of any consequence since the Bay of Pigs, prove that the so- called "invulnerability" of Castro is a ? myth. ? These incursions were made without U.S. help, and, indeed, in desperate. ' fear that U.S. policy would intervene to ? stop the attempts.- So far there does not appear to be any policy in Washington either for or against the raids. I octrme to ban \0.-De s. By SEN. STROM THURMOND 1-C U in Miami are jubilant over the success of the guerrilla missions, and for the first time in nearly a decade have again raised their sights to the real possibility of overthrowing communism. For the first time, too, the Cubans themselves are making the real sacrifices ?necessary for the liberation of their homeland. They are supporting the guerrilla training camps, at unnamed locations, with record contributions. Most of the Cubans are in the lower in- come brackets, but in the past three :weeks thousands have donated the equi- valent of a day's pay to support the .effort. Alpha 66 is undertaking to train the , guerrillas?and most are young men be- tween 18 and 21 who left Cuba as young children, but want to return as free men. They also are seeking to buy weapons while they are supporting dependents left in the U.S. Considering the avail- able resources, the Cubans are making a tremendous effort, and donating their own blood. ? The fact that these raids are successful ?and there are many more to come? puts pressure upon the Nixon Admin- istration to act. For the first time there is an indigenous Cuban movement that has a practical operational system. It is not the creature of some outside in- ,telligence operation. It is a group of practical and dedicated men that refuses to get involved in another country's business. The first request of Alpha 66 and its allied groups is for a firm policy ? The first landing on April 17 was led by the fabled Alpha 66 commander,' Vincente Mendez. In 1960 Mendez was the first to break with Castro over the, Communist issue and went to the hills. ? In 1961 Castro had 10,000 militamcn -searching for Mendez for three months I before Mendez ultimately gave himself ! up in Havana with three bullet holes in . his body. These depradations against the Castro regime show that Cuban corn- munism is not invincible. They are only minor skimishes, it is true, but Castro himself started in the same way. Moreover, conditions in Cuba today are at a low ebb. The lack of comm, necessities of life has de- morali,ed the people, and made them more restive than ever for overthrow of the regime. This is attesteAppirOVINPIF*Welease 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 , of refugees arriving daily on the rescue ' flights from Havana. i ,,e Cuban exiles 011 of U.S. non-intervention. Such a policy need not be announced pub- licly, but some sign must be given that there will be no interference. In the past the U.S. Coast Guard and U.S. Customs, acting under orders from above, have been the chief ob- stacles to action. The non-intervention policy should also apply to funding. The Cubans want no U.S. money, even for subsistence of dependents. The Cubans want to do this one alone. The one thing that is needed, however. . is a source of arms and equipment. So : far, the Cubans have been spending ? their skimpy funds for guns at inflated prices. The need a practical source of ? supply. There are ways the U.S. could accomplish this without direct involvement. ? ? Thus the President has a golden oppor- tunity to test the Nixon Doctrine in the Western Hemisphere. Vietnamization is working in Southeast Asia. People will fight for their own freedom when given a chance. The Cubans have now set up their own movement which is operational . and staffed with dedicated men. Is the U.S. going to take advantage; of this volunteer movement, and en- courage these efforts to get rid of a Com- munist government in the Western i Hemisphere? Since we are beginning to apply the Nixon Doctrine successfully half-waY 'around the world, it certainly should work 90 miles from our shores. Appriwcwi For Release 2001/0 aitaggihAtigaltgaatet01941":5 HOUSTON, TEX. POST 11 - 289,385 S - 322,763 MAY 2 o 1970 ? 1Tie Amejxr as 11\h Alpha 66 vs Castro ? By W. D. BEDELL Fighting Cuban exiles have drawn blood from Fidel Cas- tro's forces. In one encounter on Cuban Soil they have killed five Cu- , .ban soldiers. ? In a clash in Cuban waters they have cap- tured 11 Cuban fishermen, who were later re- leased. But the ex- iles have paid? with at least 14 men dead or in prison in Cuba. They have been warned too' that from now on to land on) Cuban soil with a rifle means death. They have been notified too by the United States that their adventuring must stop. The U.S. moved in with ad- ' vice and cour*el after a fiery , exchange between the exiles and Castro himself. Bedell swarmed to Alpha 66 head- quarters in Miami. A spokes- man said more than 500 vol- unteered. Many others, It was said, contributed to the Alpha . 66 war fund. When Alpha 66 sent 13?pos- sibly more ? Men into Ori- ente Province of Cuba in ;April, Castro charged they ;had come from the U.S. Guan- . f ta na mo Naval Base on Cuba. , "He said they had been in con- ",tact with the Central Intelli- gence Agency and the Federal 'Bureau of Investigation. The U.S. State Department denied the invaders came 1 ? from Guantanamo. It said ;didn't know where the mini- 1 , :invasion was launched. I' copter last Tuesday. A Cuban plane picked them up In Nas. sau, the Bahamian capital. ALPHA 66 said the fish- ermen were not really fish-: ermen, but spies. It said two' had confessed to being in- telligence agents. It said they interrupted an Alpha 66 mis- sion and ,that the exiles sank 1 two boats and captured the 11' t prisoners. . I The exile-Castro detate ,1 over prisoner exchange '' brought the p tate DepartmentP,' into action. Its spokesman, r4 ,Robert McCloskey, said: I "U.S. laws forbid the use of.i IU.S. territory as a base for any military expedition .1 against - a foreign country. The U.S. government will take appropriate measures to insure that the spirit as well as the letter of these laws Is? observed." 1 McCloskey said no action,1 had been taken against Alphal 66 for what it had done so far because there was no evi-i dence that any raids had been launched from U.S. ter- ritory. 1 FEDERAL aides in Mlarn1? said there was no interest In arrests, but merely in "rear-1 firming a standing policy." . A government source was, quoted by the Associated:; Press as saying that the at- tacks are ineffective and pro- vide grist for 'Castro's propa- ganda mill. The source wasi quoted: ' "Castro's sugar crop al- ready is failing and these pin- prick raids only provide him,: with a diversion." Castro admitted the sugail failure last week. He said IC would be hard to reach 9 mil- lion tons. Until then he had.: sworn to harvest 10 million", tons by July 26. As the U.S.' official had implied, it would', be natural \ for Castro to: seize on any available pretext to draw attention away frotn2. SjaliNFL ALPHA 66 denies any con- nection with the CIA. It denies operating from Ameri- can soil, At first it denied its prisoners were heldson either American or British soil. But last week it abandoned them in the Bahamas?British ter- ritory. After Castro had re- ! ,'fused to trade, the 11 men ; were a drag on Alpha_66.. 1 April in Oriente'' p ? IN A LATER communique, ;! astro changed his Guanta- namo story. He said the Al-?II pha 66 men had visited Guan- tanamo, then returned to the U.S., then made their thrust into Cuba. Castro charged that Alpha 66 was organized several year ago by the CIA. The first Alpha 66 pene- tration of Cuba was led by Eloy Monoye Gutierrez in De-- cember of ,1964. He was cap-:1 'tured and is reported to?be in , rov nce prison in Havana. . Alpha 66 has not argued with, The current military leader, 1, indicate the "many" were ac- Cant V 1 c e n t e Mendez, 39, 4 tually 13. was at the head of the group that hit the coast kttCoriente It Is knowfl that In ' near Baracoa on April 17, the ? lier Ill-fated attempt to enter ninth anniversary of the Bay ' Cuba In January, Mendez had iof Pigs invasion. t 14 men with him. Their boat , Alpha 66 spokesmen 'said turned over, one drowned the Mendez force numbered , 4 "many" men. and Mendez and the others , i 'returned to Miami, Fla. ?CASTRO'S rep or ts, which ' i - The April 17 invaders man- lur i .1 aged to kill five Cuban sol.-. may encounter n their landing. On April 19 ! Cuban waters i ; ALPHA 66, the exile group 1. which lost the '14 men and captured the 11 Cubans, pro- ? posed a trade: The 11 Cubans for nine_A1-1 pha 66 men Castro said he ' diers within a day or so of i ?Th , Castro went to a cemetery at , e 'episode in which the, ' Gran Tierra, an Oriente vil- : Cuban fishermen were cap.' i lage, to deliver their funeral i, tured came May 10. Alpha 66; ' oration. In the oration he said ' there would be "no clemen- ,it. people did not say where thel captured i A n pril ? Castro's blazing refusal was cy" for anyone landing in capture was made or where Cuba with a gun ? ?I the captives were taken. They , were not on U.S. or 13ritish( BUT CASTRO said last 4', -his sugar troubles. ? also an indictment of Alpha /66 and the U.S. He called the offer "blackmail by the Cli..k..11 and its agents." He said, "Cuba holds the . United States responsible for the lives of the fishermen and demands their immediate re- turn as well as the cessation ccf such villainies from , U.Se; ' ?,tenitortagalnat , ?? Approve FOUR DAYS later, on April `soil, Alpha 66 spokesmen said. ' Tuesday night, on welcoming: 23, he announced the invading 'They sif6wed a picture of men ' the 11 fishermen back to Ha- ' force had been wiped out. Him, April 23 figures were con- in a tropical setting. i vana, that he would not blame fusing, hut an April 27 report I Castro on May 13 charged; the exiles for the sugar' Indicated four were killed and! that the Bahama Islands, ' failure. , which are British, have been ? He threatened at the same' nine were captured. ? rused by the CIA for the in- ? time to foment revolution ini W h e t h e r those captured :, v a s i o n operations against the countries helping the exile I have been executed has not 'Cuba. One of the bigger is- ! invaders. He named the coun-.- been reported. Whether Capt ' lands, Great I n a g u a, : is ,l tries?the United States and,1 Mendez is alive or dead hal about 65 miles due east of Ba- I England. not ine0 rf P9r.telii....4.1'41.,"\;.,:'..i4. racoa, where theApril land- 1 Alpha 66 spokesmen said/ lIng was made. ? 1- that, despite the threats .froniK d For Release 2001/031114, tiOlkaRIIIP8600 60ttRie, ?106?00401c)0*5 i captured May10 were in factr0,..L11410 2_,?:?.4..?..,,ii t "left on a small cay off Andros- ??? ;Island. the biggest of 'the Ba- i.' Approved For Release- 2tterm04 : CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 23 MAY 1970 STATINTL CUBA ? The U.S.-based anti-Cuba group Alpha -66 was forced to release 11 Cuban fishermen it 'held incommunicado for two weeks when thoit:,Ands of Cubans blocked a Swiss diplomat in the Sv.iss embassy in Havana. Round-the-clock negotiations were thus forced between the Swiss embassy in Cuba?which represents the U.S.?and Cuban officials. The 11 men were i based on a small island off the Bahamas May 18. The Miami-based Alpha 66, which Cuban premier Fidel Castro says is financed by the CIA. sunk. the two fishing vessels and kidnapped the, men in an. attempt, said Castro. to force the release of eight Alpha 66 members c;ivtured by Cuba- during the group's invasion April 17. The Cuban government also charged the British government allowed the CIA to use its small islands off Cuba, as a base for anti-Cuban operations. ? Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 STATI NTL Approved For Releaser2001i231034 : CIA-RDP80-0 22 MAY 1970 Castro says Cuba can hit exile bases HAVANA ? Cuban Premier Fidel Castro said Tuesday night that Cuba has the means to strike back at bases from which gusanos (mer- cenaries organized by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency) launch terrorist raids against the Cuban people. The Cuban leader spoke at a Havana meeting welcoming back home 11 Cuban fishermen seized by ? the CIA-backed gusano group, "Alpha-66," and later released in the Bahama Islands. Premier Castro also {. he British, who govern the Bahamas, of complicity with the U.S. and the gusanos. "If England cannot take care of those islands, then let her give them their freedom, or allow us to watch over them at least against counter-revolutionary forces," Cas- tro said before a cheering crowd. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 Approved For Release ?MAW : CIA-RDP80-016 TATINTL 2 1 MAY 1970 Kidnapped Cuban fishermen return home HAVANA ? Eleven Cuban fishermen, kidnapped by the U.S. Cen- tral Intelligence Agency's favorite Cuban exile group, "Alpha-66," !Live returned home to Cuba. The fishermen stepped off a Cuban Air- lines plane in Havana amid great rejoicing. They waved their ship's Cuban flag, which they had refused to give up to the CIA group and had defended all during their captivity. After strong protests by Cuban Premier Fidel Castro and the Cu- ban government last week, "Alpha-66" released the fishermen, dum ing them on a small tay near Andros Island in the Bahamas. The Cuba airliner flew to Nassau, the Bahaman capital, to bring them home. . _ Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 STATI NTL Approved For Re!eau00103104 : CIA-RDP80-0 1 0 MAY 1970 CIA-backed Cuban exiles free Cuban fishermen MIAMI ? Alpha-66, notorious as a CIA-supported Cuban exile group, on Monday released 11 Cuban fishermen on a tiny cay in the Bahamas near Andros Island. The 11 were captured last month after an Alpha-66 invasion of Cuba left nine gusanos (CIA mercenaries) in the hands of the Cuban people. The Miami-based exile group evidently wanted to trade the fisher- men for the gusano prisoners. Cuban Premier Fidel Castro strongly denounced this attempt, and the government of Cuba produced material evidence (arms, ammunition) that the Alpha-66 group which invaded Cuba earlier had been supplied with the most modern U.S. equipment, ..available only to U.S. government agencies. A Soviet naval squadron also mimed into the eastern Cuban area where the gusanos had. attacked. The U.S. government suddenly began a b,hiy publicized. "crack-down" on Cuban exile groups in Florida, follow, lg which Alpha- 66 just as suddenly decided to release its prisoners. An Alpha-66 spokesman said continuing to hold them "would be an obstacle to our ? future operations," meaning the CIA decided to call the whole sordid affair off.' Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 STATI NTL Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601 DAILY WORLD 16 May TO Hands off Cuba! Like a vampire, the appetite of the CIA for blood is insatiable. Unsatisfied with the havoc it brought Cambodia and Southeast Asia, the CIA has its eyes on Cuba again. The kidnapping of eleven Cuban fishermen by that CIA creature Alpha 66, is the latest outrage. Capping crime with gall, the CIA stooges demand that Cuba exchange eight bandits the republican forces captured during the latest foray for the kidnapped fish- ermen. Several weeks ago we warned that the CIA would- step up its criminal attacks against Cuba in an effort to sabotage an epic-making ten million ton sugar harvest. That campaign is clearly underway. Americans should be forewarned. We cannot alford to forget the almost fatal events that resulted twice in the past decade when the CIA tried to murder the new Socialist land. ? Who can forget the Bay of Pigs invasion in The thundering defeat U.S. imperialism ? echoed around the world. It was also the iirst Lime its bloody program for Latin America was smashed. Scarcely a year later the entire world trembled on the brink during the missile-crisis. Now we see the menace of a third criminal effort, the overhanging pall of another Caribbean crisis. It is not at all accidental that the CIA's claws are cut off each time they reach out for Cuba. For that brave socialist nation is not only strong in its own right it has the support of the entire socialist world, of all progressive humanity, and of most governments the world over. It is significant, too, that these new efforts to create trouble on our very doorstep come on the heels of de- clarations by many U.S. commercial interests as well as by such figures as Senator Fulbright, seeking to establish normal relations with our Caribbean neighbor. It would of course be of mutual advantage commercial- ly. More than that, it would be morally just and it would advance the cause of world peace. ? Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 STATI NTL Approved For Release 201921/3/ftkicIA-RDP80- 1 6 MAY1970 Hands off Cuba! Like a vampire, the appetite of the CIA for blood ? is insatiable. Unsatisfied with the havoc it brought Cambodia and Southeast Asia, the CIA has its eyes on Cuba again. The kidnapping of eleven Cuban fishermen by that CIA creature Alpha 66, is the latest outrage. Capping crime with gall, the CIA 'stooges demand ' that Cuba exchange. eight bandits the republican forces captured diming the latest foray for the kidnapped fish- ermen. Several weeks ago we warned that the CIA would ? step up its criminal attacks against Cuba in an effort to sabotage an epic-making ten million ton sugar harvest. That campaign is clearly underway. Americans should be forewarned. We cannot afford to forget the almost fatal events that resulted twice in the past decade when the CIA tried to murder the new Socialist land. Who can forget the Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961? The thundering defeat U.S. imperialism justly suffered echoed around the world. It was also the first time its , bloody program for Latin America was smashed. Scarcely a year later the entire world trembled on the brink during the missile-crisis. Now we see the menace of a third criminal effort, the overhanging pall of another Caribbean crisis. It is not at all accidental that the CIA's claws are cut off each time they reach out for Cuba. For that brave socialist nation is not only strong in its own right it has the support of the entire socialist world, of all progressive humanity, and of most governments the 'world over. It is significant, too, that these new efforts to create .trouble on our very doorstep come on the heels of de- clarations by many U.S. commercial interests as well as by such figures as Senator Fulbright, seeking to establish normal relations with our Caribbean neighbor. It would of course be of mutual advantage commercial- ly. More than that, it would be morally ' just and it would advance the cause of world peace. _ Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 Approved For Release 21399i,140N1i6: CIA-RDP80-016 14 MAY 1970 STATI NTL Castro blames CIA for exile raids HAVANA ? Cuban Premier Fidel Castro on Wednesday sharply rejected .an offer to exchange prisoners with the Miami-based gusano 'exile group. Alpha-66. Alpha-66 sank two Cuban fishing boats and took ? II Cubans prisoner. It offered to exchange the fishermen for nine pris- ? liners captured in the CIA raid on Cuba last month. Castro said he was holding .the U.S. responsible for the lives of the Cuban fishermen anci that he '?would reject any type of blackmail for their safety. The Cuban ? government will flatly reject any blackmail by the CIA and its agents." Castro dealt with the Alpha-66 claim to have captured the fisher- men on May 10 and said: -This organization, as is,well-known, was one of those created by the CIA several years ago as'fa screen, to cover its , pirate attacks on Cuba. ' The Alpha-66 raid on eastern Cuba last month came almost im- mediately after Senate Foreign Relations Committee chairman J. ; Viilliam Fulbright D-Ark' Suggested steps ought to be taken to devel-i op friendly relations with Cuba. A Soviet naval squadron is due to dock in Cienfuegos in eastern Cuba on Thursday. to refuel and resupply. The Soviet vessels include a pided-missile cruiser and destroyer. submarines, and other craft. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 Approved For Release 2001/03/04: C.IA-RDP80-0 FLA. NEaALD MAY 1 4 1970 LI _ 375,469 468,16%? 0 asro Iter , ? Reject _'iisi Of Our Latin America Stall a rn4 es or ay on By FRANK SOLER Fidel Castro a n g r i ly ? spurned an offer to swap , ,prisoners with the militant ! tro had indeed crushed the THE BRITISH ambassador, partment issued a stiff warn. ,Alpha 66 exile organization expedition, it would move to ? Castro said, also was sum- ing against military strikes :Wednesday and blamed the ' exchange the fishermen for moned by Dorticos because on Cuba from U.S. soil. i U.S. for the group's raid ear- the commandos. "ttz CIA besides using U.S. ' "U.S. laws forbid the use: her this week in which two . Instead of agreeing, Castro.vterriMhas repeatedly used of U.S. territory as a base for Cuban fishing vessels were chni god Alpha was a CIA op.' the Bahamastays and British , any military expedition! sunk and their 11 crewmen ' . eration and blasted the U.S. , possessions north of Cuba to , . against ,n foreign country," , seized as hostages. I.: and its intelligence organize- ? perpetrate these deeds," a a I d State DepartMenti ? Cuba, said Castro in reject- ' tions for aiding and abetting Dorticos, according to the- spokesman Robert McClos4 ting the proposal, "would not ! ! exile forays against Cuba. ' communique, asked the Brit..), ' key. I laccent any type of b I a c k- "The government qf the ,ish to "adopt the pertinent "The U.S. government willl . rna,l'' for the return of the i? United States .cannot evade . measures so as to prevent : take appropriate measures to; ; fishermen held by the Mi- ' the responsibility for this act such violations and aggres- , insure that the spirit as well? , ami-based group "somewhere 1. organized and carried out sions against our people as the letter of these laws is: ; outside U.S. territory." . with ,impunity from North ,which are being carried out, l' observed." "1 ' C:I.slro's refusal to ransom American territory, with u s in g British posse IT 1 IT WAS speculated that; the ,fishermen with nine North American weapons sions . . ." , . ,.'flie "spirit" portion of the! ? 'Alpha 66 commandos ? and boats registered and : \ The communique said Dqr- ? statement might signify a.,, worded communique !' , said. based in Florida," Castro ' ticos warned both ambassa' forthcoming crackdown on. Castro said Cuban Presi- ' quest is heeded, "Cuba will" armed from U.S. territory, dors that unless Cuba's re- '., exile groups who leave un- sharply'Whose capture he announced ? last month ? came in a ! read over Havana Radio and dent Osvaldo Dorticos had ? take the necessary steps on ' pick 'up their weapons en' : monitored here. t told the Swiss ambassador in , ? its own to prevent such . route, stage raids on the is-I ALPHA 66, which sent the 1 Havana, who represents U.S. deeds." . land and then return, again!, raiding party into Cuba on , interests there, that Cuba The latter was seen as a unarmed,?to the U.S. 1 April 17 to open a guerrilla i "holds the United States re- veiled hint that Cuba might ', , 'One of the two Cuban fish, ' i front, m a d e the proposal , . sponsible for the lives of the d e c i d e to launch raids .ing boats Alpha said it had: Tuesday, saying that if Cats- fishermen and demands their ? against Cuban exile groups ' i sunk in the action, was re-i immediate. return to our.,: which may be operating from ported to be .abandoned ini : country as well as the cessa- 'Bahamian islands. ? ? shallow water near a kepi : tion of such villanies from Hours' before Castro's bit-, about 20,,miles off the Florida; ' U.S. territory against Cuba." .,?, er retort, the US. State 'De;' Coast..., ,, ? ..:: :. ? . , 1 ? ? .11761201t1g4,tiii..Z.LY..:L.i . wap( ? ? Approved For Release 2001/03/04 : CIA-RDP80-0160114000500040001-5 eicrOli STAR Approved For Releas-e 20011/03/04 : CIA-RDP80-0160 1 3 MAY 1970 Castro BarsTrade Of Captured Exiles By MERWIN K. SIGALE Special to The Star' MIAMI?Cuban Premier Fidel Castro, charging "blackmail" by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, today rejected any ex? ? change of captured exile invaders for 11 Cuban fishermen taken: hostage by the Miami-based exile group Alpha 66. He scorned a State Department expression of "regret" over news of the fishermen's capture, claimed the U.S. govern- , ment knows where the men are being held and warned that he Dorticos also summoned the will hold Washington "respon- British ambassador. sible for whatever measure on Castro called the Alpha 66 ac- whatever terrain that the Cuban tion in Cuba's territorial waters government feels obliged to take "a repugnant and cowardly at- ? if the fishermen are executed." tack against two completely un- Castro's hard line, in a corn. armed fishing boats." He said munique broadcast by the Ha- his government did not know' , vana radio, was in response to why the vessels had failed to yesterday's announcement here return, until Alpha 66 cleared up by Alpha 66 that its "naval the matter yesterday. units" had sunk two Cuban fish- In proposing the prisoner ex- ing boats and were holding the change, ? Alpha 66 leaders dis- ; 11 crewmen to exchange for patched a cable to Castro yester- guerrillas whom Castro claims day, warning him that he was to have captured. "responsible for the security and Castro left unclear the fate of future of our men in your custo- - ' the Alpha 66 infiltrators who dy, and of your men in our landed in eastern Cuba April 17. hands." A . He said previously there were Alpha 66 leaders dispatched a 13, and that four had been killed 66 secretary general, said he ' , and nine captured. Since he has was appealing to the Interne- failed to produce the prisoners, tional Red Cross to arrange a Alpha 66 leaders have claimed trade?"prisoners of .war for at least some of the men must Prisoners of war." ' still be at large. Nazario said the hostages "are now well taken care of, and so- - "Quckly Liquidated" cure, outside the national terri- Today Castro said only that tory of the United States." He': refused to say where. the guerrilla band was "quickly An Alpha 66 communique said located and liquidated by revolu- the encounter with two 65-foot tionary forces." boats of Cuba's fishing fleet took "The Cuban government will Place last week in Cuban terri- blackmail of the CIA and its torial waters but did not specify ' the location. Alpha's "naval \i reject flatly and positively any Appro units" captured and sank the agents" involving the fishermen two vessels, the communblue and hostages, Castro said. "The said. The units "were carrying U.S. government knows perfect- out a mission in Cuban territory ly well where the fishermen are, and the two spy ships of Coin- who has them and with what inimist Cuba d e t e c t c d our means they carried out the act boats," it added. of flagrant violation of U.S. Other sources, however, said laws," he added, the mission was specifically to ' Castro said Cuban President obtain hostages and apparently Osvaldo Dorticos y e s t e r d a y was carried out by a single arms "summoned the Swiss ambassa- boat. dor, who represents U.S. inter- The U.S. government reminded ests in Cuba, to tell him that the exiles in a formal State De- Cuba makes the U.S. govern- partment statement that "United ment responsible for the lives of states laws forbid the use of the fishermen, and demands United States territory as a base their immediate return to this for any military expedition country, as well as a halt to such against a foreign country." , villanies from U.S. territory Spokesman Robert J. Mc- , against Cuba." Closkey, reading the statement, The Cuban leader charged said the government will take that !Tritish cays and posses- "all appropriate measures" to iga..northAfGuba" we WI) ralifielieSiSe /04tdrCitINURatP86-11b1 01k000500040001-5 that the "spirit as well as welt as .US. lerritory, lie said served. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-&1T660-91141600500040001-5 LIBERATED GUARDIAN 12 May 1970 CUA INVADED 7 Havana (LNS)?A group of mercenary , soldiers whose point of departure was the ? ' United States and who come equipped ? with modern U.S.-built automatic weap- ons, landed near the Yumune River, 14 miles east of the Cuban city of Baracoa, at dawn on April 14. Members of the Cuban rural militia, ? joined by regular soldiers and units of the ' border patrol, made the first contact , with the invasion force, whose exact numbers could not be determined. Three invaders were captured, and two auto- . matic rifles, 200 bullets and numerous packages of plastic explosives were seized. The Cuban revolutionary forces began an exhaustive hunt for the other invaders, who landed at a wild and almost unpop- ulated part of the eastern coast of Cuba's eastern-most province, Oriente. The area Is important historically. In 1895, Antonio Maceo landed there in an invasion aimed at liberating Cuba from Spain. Later, it became an operating point for part of Fidel's revolutionary forces. Four members of the Cuban govern- ment's forces lost their lives and two were gravely wounded in the invasion, which took place nine years to the day after the abortive, CIA-sponsored, Bay of Pigs invasion. Alpha 66, the Cuban exile organization which was responsible for the Bay of Pigs invasion, has also taken credit for the latest attempt to set back the advances of Cuban communism. Spokesmen for Alpha 66 in Miami indicate that the organization decided to attPmpt the invasion based on "infor- mation" that the Cuban people were dissatisfied with the revolution and would ? .f?T I 1 ..? :r. rally to the side of the counter- ? revolutionary invaders. The area in which the invaders landed was an extremely poor, underdeveloped , region prior to the revolution, and has . benefited enormously ['tom the Fidelista social program. People who have spent extensive amounts of time in Cuba ?recently report that the vast majority of . Cubans?almost all the young people?are still very much on the side of Fidel and the revolutionary socialism which Cuba is actually building today. ? Part of that process is the attainment ? of the "Ten million Ton Sugar Harvest," the largest ever. Cubans from every part of the country and from every level of ? society are working perhaps harder than , ever before?but definitely with more enthusiasm than ever before?to cut enough cane to make the ten million to ? break out of economic underdevelop- ment. Fidel emphasized that the logical goal of the new invasion force would be to sabotage the sugar harvest. That is what the Cubans are worried about?not that the people are going to desert the Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 STATI NTL sPi-iiIFLD, ILL. REGISTER E - 24,907 MAY 9 1979 T hal' Was A THE LATEST disastrous at- tempt by Cuban refugees to "in- vade" their homeland from a base in Florida was an exercise in futil- f.? but its timing coincided with Fidel Castro's need for an issue to bolster his standing with his peo- ple. The force ? consisting of 16 men ? was met by troops led by the Cuban dictator himself, and promptly decimated. Castro took to the radio to de- nounce "imperialist plotters in the United States," President Nixon n Invasion?. -and the Czaral Icjjjnce cy.?, for an attempt to "obstruct and hamper" the sugar harvest. With the President currently finding his hands full with prob-I lems in Vietnam, Laos and Cam-1 bodia, it is absurd to believe thats he was aware of the idealistic ef- fort of the unlucky 16. The Castro harangue, however,: may draw Cubans' attention away; from the fact that the sugar har- vest is already far behind schedule and the 10-million-ton goal for the year as unrealistic as previous pledges. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 Approved For e ease I S SA D MUCCI' TRItTTITV 3 0 APR 1970 STATI NTL 04000-1-5- it , the reluctant young Americans with the CIA or something chairs by their laughing hosts and rnade to dance to two? year-old Bcatle music that blared at full volume from a small record player. - Bothered by Visit One of the American visitors to Aguacate explained later that he had ambivalent feelings about the way he was received. paid he was moved ;by the 'genuine warmth" of the recep- tion, but bothered by the fact that the Cubans didn't seem to take the Americans seriously. "I came as a worker to help with the revolution and I'm treated like a tourist." Ile said be also didn't know how to react to the dozen or more children who followed his group , at the University of Ilavana for and begged for pens and gum'" three years to learn a trade. Americans who also ventured Tells Ills Disappointment into Havana found the reaction , to their presence generally He said he was somewhat more restrained. It , was, there I disappointed in the attitudes of that one group met their first some of the Cubans who lived in Havana, that "too much of " st a nGeorgia,o. ' a well dressed America" remains in the city. young man in his midtwenties, "There's still a lot of material- said he once got as far as the istic attitudes. Some people will airport in Havana where he had spend 50 pesos [$50 at the hoped to fly to the United Cuban rate of exchange] for a pair of jeans. And a watch is really a big status symbol. Some people will pay up to 500 pesos-for them." Eventually, he said, he hoped to return to the States "clandestinely," get a job and continue his political work. The other hijacker, a Puerto Rican, was encountered by the group near a sidewalk cafe later in the day. He said he had 'jacked a jet from Kennedy airport several months ago. [He did not provide enough details to make it possible to confirm his story.] Hits Burocracy CI2 Exiles' Views. Vary; were being pushed out of their ' th t " t:pn, Existence 'in Cuba ... ? ., ... I Randall Richard, a reporter Hits Disenchantment . , for the Providence IR. I.1 Jour- He cooled off visibly as he ; nal-Bulletin, accompanied the continued talking about the Vencerenios brigade of young many Cubans who had become ? Americans who went to Cuba disenchanted with life in Cuba: to cut sugar cane. Nearly the "They just don't' understand entire Spectrum of radical-left that they niust endure the , groups was represented in the ?shortages and work for the group. This is the fifth of six revolution to make a better life articles by Richard.] for their children and grand- BY RANDALL RICHARDchildren." ., Kopyrighl 1170 by The Providence Jour. --- Most of the 700 youhg Amen- Pal Co.; dialribulecl by Newsday Specia11.1' can radicals of the Venceremos ., Amado Rivero stared con- brigade didn't meet a so-called ?.: , temptuously at t h e small "counter-revolutionary" during , ? throng of his fellow Cubans vv.t1P... the initial weeks of their ...1 huddled in front of the tall, two-month work-visit to Cuba - wrought iron fence at the that began on Feb. 19. Mexican embassy in Havana. While the Cuban "direction", ' . ? The men and women, mostly ' of the camp avoided setting any in their 30s or older, were well policy on excursions outside, , dressed by Cuban standards they made it clear to the altho the suits were somewhat 4cuericans who had come to .worn and out of style, the cut cane for the record '10- dresses were well below the million-ton sugar harvest that 0 ? knees and 'the nylons had 'they frowned upon such trips. ''.i seams. , 'The Americans were told that In a' rare display of anger . Amado threw open the trunk of P' the government's special serv- ice 1952 Cadillac which he had , driven to the embassy, and ? turned again Co look at the Cubans who were peering thru ..f.the fence at a large bulletin board covered with names. Search for Names i'. Tbe Cubans a n x i du sl Y . Aguacate and even Havana. searched the board for their 'What some found was a series names and the long awaited ? of contradictions?most I , news that they would be able to Cubans, when asked, said they . ' leave their homeland for the loved "Fidel" and the "revolu- United States. tion" while a few others' freely Am ado declared bitterly that but quietly said they would '.. the "gustanos" [worms]?will . leave Cuba at the first op- j? ? be your problem pretty soon. portunity. I, ' Our country doesn't need them Several of the young "Norte } ? and we're glad to be, rid of Americanos" who ventured into ' them. Their heads are filled with garbage." :, Altho he looked much older, Amado said he was 19 years old and within a few months hoped to become a member of the L'!..' Young Communists of Cuba. Amado spoke English well and '.. a claimed he had lived in Holly- 0 .. ? wood, Cal.' for eight years ! ? before his family returned to ? ' Cuba just before the United The cell, he said, was only a few feet wide and several feet long and his on:y contact with .the outside worid was a small opening thru which his food was sent. "The guards didn't mistreat' me," he explained, "but I couldn't talk to anyone for two months and I almost went crazy." Hamilton said that after it was determined that he was a "poltical exile," he was given a room in the Havana Libre? I formerly the Havana Hilton? where he lived in relative luxury for several weeks. Ile said he then volunteered to cut sugar cane in the 10-million-ton harvest and now plans to study two weeks had been set aside States with his girlfriend. His for a tour of Cuba and that they girlfriend, he said, was allowed would have all the freedom to leave the country, but he they wanted to talk to anyone was picked up and sent to an about the Cuban "revolution." agricultural work camp for Groups Defy Ban "repatriation." , But small groups defied the Hijackers Tell Views ? unwritten restriction and Similarly conflicting r e a c- . "split" from the cartip on their tions 'to life in Cuba were own for the nearby town of provided by, two ? men who claimed they had hijacked planes to come to Cuba. - One young man identified himself as Binnie Hamilton, Black Panther who said he had been in "trouble" with the police for his political activi- ties. He said he hijacked a jet from San Francisco on Dec. 2. fA check with news-files later 1.,. States ? relatio? ? h frfa 'MU , :regime on Jan: 3, 1061. His father, he said, h;?(: owned a Aguacate one afternoon in the States showed that a were ' greeted enthusiastically by two T. W. A. jet en route from San Cuban teenagers who paraded Francisco to Philadelphia with them from house to house 29 persons aboard was hijacked in ; the town where 800 persons on that date. An air lines lived in crowded and drab spokesman said at that time stucco buildings on several' that a black man identified as narrow streets.; "B. Hamilton" used a knife to ? , ' 1 ? ' One of the girls sat the young hold a hostess.] "Americans in straight back 1iarry-1 t old the small p,roup cf Americans that he ' chairs and .on a worn sofa in trt: ;1 ! , arrested when the plane one . of the apartments before foods the country can produce :laded in Havana and that he ' she dasheddattereturi..?., ., ' id4oliorted. It's good to try 19AA042-0 xtuillibiCiA4qpiy2ucti totRa . from miming, with a record so i rY on ineil.e.,L ViTtejj The second hijacker said he found the Cuban government too "burocratic" and in some ways "more inhumane than the government o f the United States." The Cuban people, he said, "are . told year after year to work hard to develop the country's economy?that a bet- ter 'life will come if only now they struggle. But each year the shortages and rationing continues as the best fruits and o1r,15 out of under- i'cvelopment, but the ?pcoplo %.7i.forl , Within a few " officials "eie-ked mc % A can't eat proirk's " . 'if I 1V4:, ,-,y;irlectecti$ Appromg For RI07iAelease 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01 APR 2 3 A70 E ? 113,781 C.I.A. Business? . Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro made a serious charge in blaming the United States Central ence Agency and the PentagoriThrfErfel'ent landing o anti-Castro guerrillas in eastern Cuba. The United States did launch the Bay of Pigg invasion of Cuba in 1961, so Castro has a reason to be suspicious. The United States government denied involvement in the 1970 invasion. But Alpha 66, an association of Cuban exiles in Miami, says it trained the guerrillas at a secret base in the Florida Everglades and sent them to Cuba. If so, this too is a violation of international law by the United States. All governments have an obliga- tion not to permit armed bands to use their territo- ry as a base to attack a country with which they are not at war. The United States has made some efforts to enforce this rule since the Cuban missile crisis of 1962, though the State Department does not accept the Russian thesis that the U.S. made a binding promise not to try to overthrow the Cuban government by force. It would be possible for Alpha 66 to train and launch a small force without getting caught by the United States ? and apparently this is a small force. By Wednesday Castro said his men had killed or captured nine and that only four remained. But large operation or small, the legal principles. are the same. Since the C.I.A. got found out for the Bay of Pigs and boasts leaked out about similar operations in Guatemala and Iran, it has been harder for the United States to deny convincingly its role in coups and guerrilla strikes all over the map. Americans just don't know whether to believe their own government or not. Many foreigners sim- ply assume the United States is guilty. , . rsi S ATINTL Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 STAT1NTL Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80001-5 DAILY WORLD 2 1 APR 1970 *NW.. 7` 0 Q% U12. a ?.ogingere. E.YDV/CiSii?171 fiey rep0 SEilasil-'DGe HAVANA, April 20 ? Premier Fidel Castro charged yesterday that a band of H "counter-revolutionary bandits" from the U.S. attempted to invade Cuba, according to ? Radio Havana. Army, rural militia, and frontier (coast) guards routed the attackers, kill- ing two and capturing three in two clashes, and are pursuing the survivors in the moun- tains. Four Cuban soldiers were killed and two severely wounded in clashes Friday and Saturday night. Two automatic rifles, 2,000 ? rounds of ammunition, and many plastic explosives were captured. These were weapons of the "Yank- ee army," Castro stated. He reported over the radio: "The imperialists are again smug- gling hirelings into Cuba in order to spill the sacred blood of the sons of our people." The were also trying to obstruct the sugar harvest, though in vain, he said. He indicated that the invaders came from a point in the U.S. and were Cuban emigres. The language of his broadcast indicated the invading force was a small one. The attackers landed at dawn Friday morning 15 miles east of Baracoa, an isolated area in Or- iente Province. This is on the eastern tip of the island, across from Haiti and on the opposite side from that of the Bag of Pigs invasion. In the first clash two emigres were killed and two cap- tured. In a second one, another was captured. The rest fled into the mountainous jungles where Castro and his band had fought on landing in Cuba. Castro's broadcast spoke of the mercenaries as "being paid by the U.S.," and as coming from the emigre colonies there. Since 1961 there have been a .dozen landings by emigres, involv- ing groups of from five to thirty.. ' All were repulsed. In the Bay of 1 Pigs invasion in April 1961. some 1,600 Cubans, together with others - from the CIA, attacked but were crushed within three days. The current attack was on the anni- versary of that of 1961. ' ? Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 Prerm International Newsmap identifies city of Barocoa (arrow) where a U.S.-sponsored in- vasion of Cuba was launched. In Washington the State Depart: ment denied that it knew anything about the invasion. It said no agen- cy of the government whatsoever knew of it either. After thus pro- testing too much, the spokesman went on to say that this meant all levels of the government. He said nothing about the open mobiliza- tion of emigre forces armed and trained in the U.S. Reports in the Spanish-language press of New York City, gave , some additional information. For , example, one paper recalled that in the attack this last December, ? a group of eight landed near, if not on the U.S. base at Guantanamo, also in 'Oriente Province. One drowned. The report said that strong winds forced the invaders upon the coast at the naval base, and that a U.S. Navy vessel from the base took the others back to Maimi. There the Cuban colony numbers 300,000. El Diario reported (April 20 ) that the leader of one force of invaders was Vicente Medina, director of the Military Dept. of Alpha 66, the emige armed group. He was an army captain who fought with Castro's band in the original revolutionary attack on the Batista government. The paper intimated that two landings were made this weekend.,..., Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R al7 xora Ti;cEs 2 1 APR 1970 Exile Group Says Its Members Landed in Cuba Sitecral to The New tart Tin. MIAMI, April 20?A Cuban exile organization declared to- day that its members landed in eastern Cuba on Friday. In a public statement, Alpha 66 said that "various guerrilla groups are at this moment fighting in different parts of Cuba" against the Government of Premier Fidel Castro. Mr. Castro, in a communique broadcast yesterday by the Ha- vana radio, announced the landing of what he called a group of heavily armed "mer- cenaries" who came from the United States. The communiqu?aid that four soldiers and two of the in- vaders had been killed in clashes. Two of the mercenaries were reported to have been captured. Alpha 66 said that its guer- rilla force was operating on ,"two basic fronts," and that 'other guerrilla groups were being formed. ,r Commander Identified The operation is commanded by Alpha's military coordinator, Vicente Mendez, who at the : time of the landing was given the rank of colonel. p "The revolutionary and hu- ' manistic war of the Cuban peo- ple has begun with the revival of progreessive elements inside the country and the entry into Cuba of the Alpha 66 guerril- las," the statement said. "Our men are not of the C.I.A., nor of the North Ameri- can Government, nor are they reactionaries or mercenaries," the statement added. Andres Nazario Sargen, sec- retary general of Alpha 66, said that for "obvious reasons" he could not give any information about the size of the invading force nor the area of its planned operations. Associated Press Col. Vicente Mendez of Barocoa in Oriente Province. He also distributed a photo- copy of a letter, signed by Colo- nel Mendez, reported to have been. written shortly before the landing. Mr. Nazario said that the letter was brought to Miami by an Alpha 66 member who accompanied one of the landing' parties. According to its text, the one-page handwritten letter was to have been released a' month after the landing. It ap-'; peared, therefore, that the} group had planned to remain as inactive as possible for at least a month to consolidate its po-1 Sition. In his letter, Colonel Mendez said that his presence in Cuba "breaks the myth of invincibil- ity" of the Castro regime. Colonel Mendez, who is 40 years old, is a veteran guerrilla fighter. A farmer in Manica- ragua, Las Villas Province, he ioined Mr. Castro's fight against the dictatorship of President Fulgencia Batista, But he broke with the Cuban Premier in early 1960 because he was opposed to Communist influence in the Cuban Government. Mr. Nazario said, however, that "several" landings had been made in the general area Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 STATINTL Approved For Release 2001/03104: CIA-RDP80- ms WASHIN;TON POST 2 1 APR 1970 Exiles Say Guerrillas I Open 2 'Fronts' in Cuba MIAMI, April 20 (UPI)?The militant Cuban exile Alpha 66 organization claimed today it has landed "many" guerrillas .in Cuba and opened "two .basic fronts" of military opera- :lions against the Fidel Castro :regime since last Friday. The claims, made at a news conference by Alpha 66 Secre- tary General Nazario Sargen, ;were not otherwise substanti- ated. They followed Sunday's ; dramatic announcement by 'Premier Castro that four of .his troops and two invaders were killed in skirmishes last ,Friday and Saturday. i Havana Radio, which broad- cast Castro's announcement, said that Castro was attending the funeral for his fallen 'soldiers. ' [State Department spokes- man Robert J. McCloskey said he had "no information" on ? the Alpha 66 statements. Other officials said they had no way of gauging the scale of the landing, but found it inter- esting that Castro had an- nounced it personally.) Sargen, while refusing to say exactly how many men had landed in Cuba, empha- sized that military activity is not limited to the area around Baracoa, on die eastern tip of Oriente Province where Cas- tro said a landing took place. "The contingents of Alpha ,66 in Cuban territory are di- vided into two basic fronts,' a written release said. ? "They are guerrilla front No. 1 'Julio Cesar Ramirez' and guerrilla front No. 1 'Ev- erardo Salas' along with di- verse guerrilla focal points." It said "many Alpha 66 men are already in Cuba and oth- ers will not delay in arriving there . . . our men are not from the CIA, nor the U.S. government, nor reactionaries, nor mercenaries." Earlier Alpha spokesmen confirmed that their guerrillas had clashed with? Castroite forces near Baracoa. They said the military leader of dm ex- pedition was Capt. Vicente Mendez, 39, a one-time fol- lower of Castro who turned against him. Castro reported Sunday that three of the invaders were captured alive and that the rest?no numbers were given ?were being hunted down. Alpha's claims of a "two front" attack were in sharp contrast to the prevailing im- pression among reliable, sources that possibly not morel :' than a dozen men were in. volved in the,landing. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 -e STATI NTL Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80- CITCAGO 11111711TE 5 APR 1970 Tower Ticker by Robert Wiedrich ' ? THE INSIDE SCDOP: Like many others in this changing world, the crime syndicate gangsters who long have. monopo- To:lized the international drug trade suddenly find themselves in a con- frontation with a new force that threat- ens their orderly and well-greased r existence. t? For the first time in decades, these ;I peddlers of lingering death are being T. challenged thruout the eastern half of ki the United States by en emerging net- work of narcotics merchants led large- ly by Cuban refugees, some of ? them ex-cops under the regime of Ftdgencio 0.;.Batists. Lek. I In brushes with undercover invest'. ?- ? Lois Nettletoo gators, some of these exiled sadists have ? claimed the mantle of patriots, CIA trained for a victorious, I return to the island some day. Whether that's true remains to be seen, but meanwhile they're not letting grass grow ? under their feet, For the fact remains that their Gestapo-like roles under 1 Batista have served them well in the jungles of the narcotics trade. And to their crime syndicate gangster opponents, they. Are a yet-to-be-fathomed and much-feared-enemy, largely be- cause of quick resort to the trigger. In the Chicago area, we're told this new breed refuses to deal with local narcotics peddlers in less than quarter kilo ' lots of heroin. They headquarter in the Spanish speaking areas . of the city, often using motels for their transactions. Recently, two men known to be couriers for the Cubans., were observed with Portuguese passports bearing stamps . from France and Mediterranean countries, reasonable proof ? of the international flavor of the drug routes that lead :to ? Chicago. ?It would be comforting to think that the two groups 'might annihilate each other in a clash for the multi-million dollar racket. But the odds favor more their eventually reach- ing an accommodation. ? And that means the narcotics policeman's lot will be even tougher in that same changing world that now befuddles ? the gangster, a world in which some knuckle beads see no more harm in hallucenogentcs and heroin than in hamburger., Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 Approved?Few,ROlgase 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 TIMES STATINTL M - 57,6% S - 84,706 MAI? 4 1970 What Comes Next? 1 AS OF THIS WRITING, mystery still sur-' di rounded the seizure by Cuba and the w reported release of the U.S. treasure ship Jocelyn-C. It remains, to be seen whether the whole affair will be hushed up or an issue will be made of that action by Cuba. It is certain that the Jocelyn-C had elec- tronic equipment on board. There was some. speculation, but denied, that the ship was v an instrument of the In any event, it wilithighly interesting to see what, it anything, happens next., Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 Approved For Release 2e913/04 : CIA-RDP80-016 MAYAN .45 Feb 1970 ., STATI NTL iSLE OF PINES MI NM ? 90 SANTIA de CUBA LET'S TELL IT LUIZ UT ES! By Ruby Hart Phillips Ruby Hart Phillips was for 25 years the full-time correspondent of the New York Times In Havana, where her day-to-day reports on Cuban affairs established her reputation as a careful, informed and accurate reporter. Mrs. Phillips later saw her chronicles on the minuscule Castro revolutionary force downgraded by her editors. They relied more on the Instincts and glowing commentary of a colleague, Herbert Matthews, who played the role of a kind of unofficial public relations man for Castro. Matthews hasn't changed, and neither has Ruby Hart Phillips. She wrote of her experiences in Cuba, Island of Paradox (Obolensky, 1959) and The Cuban Dilemma (1963). Mrs. Phillips resigned from the New York Times in 1963 and has travelled throughout Latin America for five years, writing columns for Long Island's Newsday. She now lives In Miami, and has excellent contacts within the Cuban exile community there, as well as in Cuba, and she draws from both sources as well as her own rich background, for this report: Will Communist Fidel Castro's Cuba be brought back into the fold of the Organization of American States (OAS) and its members, among which is the United States, and will the U.S. renew relations with this small Caribbean island? For years a portion of the American press, radio and television has pictured Castro as a great revolutionary leader, who saved Cuba from the Batista dic- tatorship, raised the standard of living of the peasants and provided them with educational facilities. The image is re- mote from the truth. Now we see Communist propaganda taking a new turn, since Castro's des- truction politist* spiritually can no longer be hidden. Ad- mitting Castro is having tremendous economic difficulties and admitting that the people are suffering, the pro- pagandists arc appealing for U.S. help to Castro on "humanitarian" grounds. It is alleged by these vocal supporters of Castro that Cuba today would be a prosperous and happy country if the U.S. had not cut off relations and im- posed an economic embargo on the country in 1960. In reality, the em- bargo has been a colossal failure. So- called friends of the U.S.?Great Brit- ain, France, West Germany, the Nether- lands, Belgium, Canada, Japan and oth- ers?have not only been trading with The facts of Castro's bloody dicta- torship----his firing squads, inhuman treatment of thousands of political pris- oners, slave labor, and methods of ter- rorizing the people of Cuba?have been published in the United States. But the great American public does not seem to have believed any of these things which go on only 90 miles from their shores. The Kennedy and John- son administrations chose to ignore the situation in Cuba, and it appears the Nixon administration is following in their footsteps. This despite the reports of U.S. intelligence, which detail these facts and point out that Fidel Castro, backed by the Soviet Union, is not only a menace to Latin American countries but to the United States. Recently, Unidad, one of the Cuban exile publications in Miami, printed the statistics compiled by Jaime Cladevilla Villar, who served as information coun- sellor to the Spanish Embassy in Ha- vana. Cladevilla, a university professor and journalist, gave figures during a speech in Madrid. He said: "Since Fidel Castro seized Cuba Jan- uary 1, 1959 to April 1969, 20,161 Cubans have been executed by firing squad and 2,300 have died of torture in the headquarters of the G-2, mili- tary intelligence." The trials of the thousands who were rt5Veefilltir P I ea2h f7tJ4t :ct1RD P80-0 1%&iAtitlbglilktar6blefe with- Combat, February 15, 1970 Vol. 2, No. 4 9 crr. 1370 Approved For Release 200gdMithisc1681M30-01601R000500 15 Feb 1970 In Grim Cuba/ Everyone Cuts Sugar ane By Henry Miller North American Newsnaner Alliance S Castro Pushes For Record Cro . HAVANA ? In his 11 JL ars as Cuba's dictator, Fidel Castro has tried to Fonts left, complete with show the world his nation bedroom trinkets, wedding pursues its own independent photographs and children's, Commit n st course. And keepsakes. while he has made a strong "It cost a million dollars. effort in this direction, his . in 1928," declared the. nation relies more heavily Cuban. "Today, it is worth on Moscow today than ever-. eight million but it is being before, One thing obvious to the observer in Havana is the unhappy atmosphere that. , pervades. Americans, who once could not get enough of the capital city, probably would not enjoy themselves today. Even if they were welcome, , their money could not buy i any of the pleasures it for- merly did; those pleasures, simply no longer exist. The extraordinary beauty of the harbor and the city is one of the few surviving links with diversions of the : . past. ? Reminders of the former American influence remain, notably the skyscraper ho- .?tels and office buildings which rise as sombre monu- ments to investment losses of perhaps $1.7 billion. Nostalgia There are ancient Ameri- can limousines, miraculously running long after Detroit , or their original owners had hoped. And soft-drink signs, although almost collectors' , items now, provide the , greatest nostalgia of all. It was with almost morbid delight' that a Cuban govern- ment guide took me to the sumptuous former home of the DuPont family at Vara- , dero, 60 miles from Havana, - to try to drive home the con- : trasts between Cuba before] the 1959 revolution and now. I The house, on the tip of a1 ' delightful peninsula, has its; own golf course, still immac- ulately grOomed but unused.? ence a e ec niq e ' The ground floor of the year ? has some jostifica- being pursued is in urgent ! building is now a rather pre- tion. He believes that if the need of reappraisal, or at tentious restaurant but the, , goal is reached (which is least t. remainder is preserved just doubtful), it will encourage as it n01414481 idarDltelatsttengovavigilhlatiA plenty of money (one Peso ! nullify the -effects Of the =,? one dollar) can be an ar- !. American trade blockade. duous exercise. When .you ' The Russians are doing all eventually get the food, it is they can to help him with so unappetizing you tend to ? equipment, 'technicians and wonder whether the effort ? moral sooport. Russians and was worth it, however hun-,i their families are every- gry you might be. And the swisess. So arc East Germans, eujoyed by not just one f am- .price, even by New York. ily but by all the Cuban i standards, is outrageous. , ' Bulgarians, North Koreans, people." . i There is some comic re-- North Vietnamese and as- This is the "piece de rests-, lief. Many of the waiters in tance," the perfect symbol the hotels and restaurants of the revolution's justifica-, were expertly trained to, tion. Of course, the house is please the American visitors not being enjoyed by all the Cubans. Most of it is kept and they still go through roped off for occasions when flamboyant antics while certain visitors need to be given tangible "evidence" of the wickedness of capitalism to reassure those Cu. serving perhaps only a plate of rice and a cup of coffee. There is consolation, too, bans who may be harboring, in the fact all tipping has some doubts of their own. been abolished, an inevitable Mueli of the population of revolutinary development ' that many might appreciate Cuba seems to have been, in the United States. persuaded that Castro's corn- ,, munism is right and it is fer- Empty Buildings veWly opposed to the ideals being pursued only 90 miles More seriously, Havana is away across the Straits of . a depressing city because of Florida. its basic emptiness. There are hordes of people but "We shall forge ourselves empty shops, empty offices in the daily action, creating and empty buildings de- a new man with a new tech- signed for all forms of- nique," promised the greatly human activity. Several mourned Ernesto "Che" years ago, the government Guevara. Pictures and post- proudly began to erect a ers of him in shops and 1 showcase multistory block of. homes outnumber those of I- apartments on the Havana Fidel by about 10 to 1. A waterfront 'as part, of its Cuban government acquaint- ! housing program. The build- ance told me this was be- ,housing close to what once was cause tly., people wanted to , ':the US Embassy, remains, show that "Che is in their : ,like others, unfinished and hearts," .1;ut somebody more ' thousands continue to live cynical judged it as a sign in slums. that dead heroes were basi- : Other buildings in Havana cally safer propositions than , are suffering from neglect live ones. that effectively reflects Cas- But what of that "tech- tro's order of priorities: Let nique" Guevara spoke of? At, the city crumble but cut the the moment, it does not ap- sugar cane at all costs! pear to be all that success- , Castro's preoccupation ful. In Havana, the constant ' with getting 10 million tons queues for food at shops and of sugar harvested by July restaurants peovide the best ' - . ? double that produced last sorted Communists from other parts of the world. But they have non-' Communist companions, too. The Japaneiss are teaching the CUlTallS, who have lived so long with their backs to. ,the sea, how to fish. Frenchmen are helping them to build a fishing fleet. Britons are building Castro a fertilizer plant and provid- ing him with more buses and equipment for his factories. And the Italians are com- pleting a deal to give Cuba 'modern refrigeration-ships.. Russian Presence The prominence of the Russians and their contribu- tion to Castro's agricultural and industrial progress, such as it is, are the most appar- ent symbols of his reliance on the Soviet Union. Much less obvious are the aircraft, guns and tanks that Russia has put up Castro's sleeve. Cuba has a military strength today that must be the envy of all small coun- tries. Recently Soviet de- fense minister ? Andrei Grechko arrived in Havana ? with a delegation that in- cluded five generals and an admiral ? for talks that clearly had military signifi- cance. But all the Cubans would allow to be shown publicly were solidarity pic-- tures of Grechko and Castro ' cutting sugar cane together. Their secrecy was naive. Ten days later, Moscow an- nounced through its armed forces paper, Kransnaya Zvesda, that the Soviet EtPippiele5000400.10-Selping Cuba to . =In rim , urtner equip her-armed forces with "the newest weapons and ...I. Any, 4- wn ? -.111 Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 , military ei-litipment avail- able" and that "Cuban mili- tary expert:- were complet- ing the mastkri hg of formi- ? dable modern weapons and military equipment. Since the 1962 mi cri- sis, there has been an, as- - sumption that neither Russia nor Castro would dare to compromise themselves again so blatantly and so close to American shores. .Yet it would be surprising if any new arms deals between Moscow and Havana did not include surface-to-air mis- siles and some short-range ground-to-ground missiles. Russian ships steam in and out of the Port of Ha- vana daily like Caribbean pleasure craft.. Soviet fishing vessels have facilities to un- load their Atlantic catches, 'refuel and go to sea again withOut the inconvenience of a long haul back to home ports. As has been estab- lished before, Russian fish- ing ships have functions other than fishing and it. must be sheer joy to Moscow :that such facilities exist." ) ? Russia is giving Castro aid of considerably more than million a day. Ever since .he decided to endorse the :Soviet invasion of Czecho- 1,s1ovakia, Moscow has been i bestowing him .with tangible and intangible "rewards" for his loyalty. ? The visit of - Marshal Grechko capped all this and obviously the Russians are feeling more benevolent to- ward Castro than ever. They are sending him trucks, tray tors and machinery for his ports, factories and mills and placing him in steadily greater indebtedness to them. The arms supplies are not obvious, but they are there. When I happened to spot a Russian tank being moved at dusk on a trailer 30 miles from Havana, a Cuban gov- ernment companion tried to ignore it. He said later that it was equipment for drilling holes in the earth for citrus trees and then added, with a grin: "You weren't really supposed to see that." Sabotage Apart from the rather pa- thetic infiltration attempts made from time to time by Cuban exiles from Florida ? for which the Central In; tell'Egrica_Agency automa - lTy gets tlieTranie ? there have been numerous acts of sabotageories and farms, a reminder to Castro that he has by no means won the support of all the people. There also is "passive re- sistance," a significant weapon, among many work-- ers. The government , was compelled recently to re- ? mind them that "sloppy work, absenteeism and other ? antirevolutionary practices' were seriously affecting productivity in. the country. There is no better indica- tion of the degree of disen- chantment with life in Cuba than the endless stream of refugees pouring out on the daily flights from Varaciero. I vias told that as many as 700,090 of the island's eight million are waiting to loin the half-million refugees who have already left. They are - called "gusanos" (worms) but Castro ob- viously feels they are better out of his way, once they have signed over to him ev- erything they possess. At the present rate of departure, however, many of the would-be refugees obviously will be too old or dead by the time their turn arrives. No young men are allowed to leave the island. They all must spend three years in e army. Up to 100,000 roops are presently assist- ing in the "Zafra," the great mobilization in the sugar- cane fields. ?iCastro is telling the Cu-! bans that the magical 10 AMP- lion tons of sugar has to be produced by July 26 at all costs. He even has post- poned observance, of all pub- lic holidays, including Christmas, in his frantic bid to see that it is. Almost everyone is being roped into the pane-cutting ? operations. Even officials in. his ministries are having to. do their share in the fields.. It is hard, hot work and they do it on inadequate diets. Yet, on the surface they seem to be bearing it all , with remarkable good grace What will happen if Cas- tro does not produce the 10 million tons of sugar? Even if he does, how will the Cuban people benefit? Double Price Russia has promised to buy five million tons at 6 cents a pound, double the present international market rate. But even disposing of the remaining five million tons will not solve Castro's enormous economic prob- lems and certainly not give him mystical overnight power to improve the living i conditions of his people. On the other hand, if he pulls it off he will have scored valuable points with those countries (Communist and non-Communist) al- ready trading, or contem- plating trade, with him. - ? ? ? - Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 wA arm STATINTL Approved For Release 2001/03/04: pin0-01601R 21 JAN 1970 --- ?i Virginia Preweil / Castro's travail CUBA'S potential for dis- turbing the world's very pre- carious present balance is growing again behind the vir- tual news blackout that as curtained Cuba from the U.S. public in recent years. Here is why: ? ? Leonid Brezhnev's Jan 15 revelation of severe Soviet economic stresses confirms earlier reports that the Krem- lin must get a better performance out of Cas- tro ? Fidel, in a Jan. 12 speech, confirmed what objective observers already knew ? that Cuba ? is falling behind on Castro's schedule for pro- ' Iducing 10 million tons in sugar for '1970. Most significantly, Castro for the first time publicly blamed, along with the weather, his own command-apparatus. These are the people ? ? upon whom both Castro and Russia depend to a large degree. ? ? ? ,WORLD sugar experts say Castro's great travail will come later when his command-ap- paratus fails to squeeze the final two or three million tons of sugar out of Cubans and the canefields. Two possibilities for trouble will arise: Fidel may squeeze so hard that his own ap- paratus turns or cracks. Or Russia may decide to eliminate him. He might be kicked upstairs ? ,in world communism, die in a phony "CIA :assassination." sicken,or just vanish. . , . ? In any of these situations, Russia's hold on Cuba will run a tremendous hazard. Latin American people long enslaved have often erupted in fury when just a crack appeared in their oppressors' armor. With the Vietnam peace talks and the Strate- gic Arms Limitation Talks (SALT) going, Rus- sia may figure the United States will do notlf-, ing about Cuba in new crisis. But it misjudged President Kennedy on Cuba and may well mis-,. judge President Nixon. ? ? ? IF and when Fidel faces his inexorable desti- ny, we shall face it with him. We may have to accept another Czechoslovakia in the Carib- bean, with inevitable world-wide consequences, or resist. We shall have to deal with the emotional and political upheaval in Latin America that a , blazing crisis in Cuba would cause. Even Latin Americans on the left deeply resented the Czechoslovakian invasion. Latin America will. certainly react strongly to any parallel in the. Caribbean. ? Our news media flood is with details about Vietnam, the Middle East and even Biafra. Yet Cuba is the only situation where the great nuclear powers, the United States and Russia, stumbled into a nuclear age confrontation. Both. powers claimed victory after the ex-'. treme tension subsided. Sucha convenient out- come will not be so easy a second time , ??? Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 WA17IT.1.:GTO: Approved For Release 2001/031.04Y: VA-RDP80 2 JAN 1970 Mexiry J. i? 0 Cr o? STATI NTL The race ahead% THE ill-fated ouster of Pan- ama's Brig. Gen. Omar Tor- rijos should warn us to stop allowing ourselves to he talked out of the secure U. S. zone protecting the Panama Carnal- - Senate Foreign Relations! Committee Chairman J. Wil- liam Fulbright notwithstand- ing.' Our taxpayers have invested $S billion in the Canal Zone. . And as a spokesman for changing the zone's , status to Panamanian, Sen. Fulbright is, ' again, and as usual, muddleheaded. ' Such worried men as Chief of Naval Opera- tions Admiral Thomas H. Moorer could tell , you about the canal's global strategic impor- tance. And as for Latin America, SO per cent. of Peru's and Chile's imports and exports pass_ thru it. The dependency is equivalent along the entire Pacific side of the continent. ? ? ? THE Republic of Panama is threatened by communist guerillas internally and on either side of its two frontiers. How can anyone ig- nore the fact that Panama (population 1.4 mil- lion borders on chaotic Costa Rica and Col- ombia? Is it news that imported Red guerillas are staging a horrible shooting war in nearby Et Salvador? Are we blind to the Red-instigat- ed eruptions in neighboring Guatemala and ? Honduras? I dined with Nicaraguan Preident Anastasio Somoza Jr., who spelled out for me the Red attacks closing in on Panama. Except Nicara- gua, our 10-mile-wide Canal Zone is the only , zone of stability in the entire region. : Demagogs abound in Panama's faction-rid- .f den political jungle. Their most popular sport Is to kick Uncle Sam at every opportunity. 1, Worried Admiral Moorer finds that Fidel Cas- ? tro's guerilla fleet is moving fighters and their arms into Panama. Their embarkation' point is La Colma, Cuba ? Soviet-occupied. ? ? ? THE CIA, in turn, finds that air deliveries are from the Soviet air base at heavily-guard- . ed San Julian, 90 miles southeast of Havana.' The CIA also finds all deliveries growing steadily and that they are paid for by Soviet gold. The propaganda support comes ? and at a new high pitch ? from Castro's powerful' Russian-built radio station on Cuba's key' Breton peninsula. Havana-based Costa Rican Julio Sunol is one, of Latin America's most famous communists.. Bloody-fisted Sunol often presides in Moscow at the annual "conference of the peoples," the , party's assembly of guerilla revolutionary cadres. Castro has now 'reinstalled Sunol in Costa Rica, on Panama's border, as the oper-. ation's director. Castro's resident agent in charge in Pana- ma, communist Thelma King, won her spurs in 1964 when four U. S. soldiers were killed in, the riot in our Canal Zone. In fact, Thelma.. King herself led the rioters into the Canal Zone., and has been boasting about killing these U. S.? soldiers ever since in Panama City. The real question we face is not the surren- der in U. S. control of the canal versus Pana- manian control. The 'real question- is .U.S. control versus Communist control.. ;It should'be..debated In?thil' Senate OA that; ' basis ? ? ?? ? ? :.:44 Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 1 t f Approved For A-;001 /03104 : CIA-RDP40-01601Rp0050004000t-6, STATINTL- 1/ ? -Fidel Castro said ? this American bomber was shot down in the Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961. ?4 Associated Press VI e THE BOOK SCENE 1? 0 OsZ. 4 Fe A I 5 6? Dual Role?Intelligence and Action Is Called Underlying Problem of C The United States, says a former top- ranking Central Intelligence Agency offi- cer, learned an important lesson in the Bay of Pigs fiasco:. , That "it is seldom possible to do some- thing by irregular means that the United States is not prepared to do by diplomacy or direct military action." Lyman B. Kirkpatrick Jr. in "The Real CIA," also says that the underlying problem in Congress as far as the Central Intelligence Agency is concerned does not deal with intelligence but "those other things that the CIA may be directed to do by the policy makers." He implies that the clandestine Bay of Pigs operation was such an instance. Employment of the CIA for "back-alley fighting" in the political-action arena has damaged the agency's image and ? credibility, Kirkpatrick says. It is his , view that such undercover action for the implementation of foreign policy should be used only as a last resort before the employment of military action. Still, Kirkpatrick believes the CIA should have the dual capability of con- ducting operations or "action," as well as producing intelligence. But he cautions that where the CIA combines both func- tions, great care must be taken to see I that raw intelligence is evaluated and 11/4 analyzed by experts, and not ufteiesilettlibityl.pttalswo 'Approved A Review by DAVID ,B, WHITAKER operators who have neither the neces- sary expertisp nor the proper objectivity.. This was one of a multitude of reasons why the 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion failed, Kirkpatrick contends. In the abortive bid to overthrow Cuba's Fidel Castro, it was essentially twhe same group of people The reviewer is a member of The Times local copy desk who served as an intelligence officer in the Marine Corps for more than five years during World War II and the Korean War, processing the intelligence, planning The operation, "selling the project to the policy makers and, finally, directing the final effort." The Bay of Pigs debacle is only one of many episodes cOvered in this work by a man who spent almost 23 years in intelligence work and who rose to the No. 3 post in the CIA despite a polio attack in 1952 which left him confined to a wheelchair. He is now a professor at Brown University. Pinpointing reasons why the Bay of Pigs operation failed, Kirkpatrick adds these: tion" by CIA operators of what was required to do the job. ro President Kennedy, upon taking of- fice, scrapped the National Security Coun- cil mechanism and, as a consequence, got a one-sided picture of the chances for success of the landing. The author disputes the notion that the CIA does pretty much as it pleases in launching an operation such as the Bay of Pigs. Actually, he says, the CIA .does what the National Security Council tells it to do. While Kirkpatrick is of necessity foggy about many details concerning the CIA, his is an important work on the most misunderstood phase of the federal gov- ernment. His work has an authentic ring; it is one of the few books published by senior officials with inside knowledge of the CIA. Because he has taken an autobiographi- cal approach, there may be those who will say somewhat euphemistically that the book might more appropriately be titled "The Real Lyman Kirkpatrick Jr.," but his approach has the virtue of making an intricate topic readable. THE REAL CIA. 13y Lyman B. Kir patrick Jr, The Macmillan Comp ye InaltrtRtdo5000400 Approved For IReleaselaftWitharrW-RDP80-01 J1461 2 9 1968 TREASON LAID TO 9 CUBANS Communist Party Uncovers Anti-Castro Faction Havana, Jan. 28 (A?Cuba's Communist party announced to- day it has uncovered an anti- party group within its ranks, including two members of the party Central Committee, and will try some of the group as traitors. The announcement said the anti-party faction was led by Artibal Escalante, once among the three top members of the original Cuban party director- ate and a Soviet-line Commu- nist. It said he and eight others would be tried before a revolu- tionary tribunal. Political observers in Havana believed the trial of the nine, announced in a communique after three days of closed-door Central Committee sessions, would demonstrate a trend in Cuban policy still further away from Moscow's line. 2 Ousted Ppm Party The two incriminated Central. Committee members were ex- pelled, but there was no indica- tion they would be put on trial. Escalante, in his 50's, has been in and out of trouble with the Government for about six years. He was reported arrest- ed several months ago for al- legedly plotting against the Government.. Word of his arrest and a crackdown against sever- al others leaked out last De- cember. The committee accused Esca- lante's group of."intrigues," dis- tributing propaganda against the party, giving false information to foreign officials with intent to da,nage Cuban foreign relations, and possessing secret \docu- ments of the committee and of the Ministry of Basic Industries. Aided The CIA It said Escalante's position aided the United States Ce. ti-al Intelligence Agency and "pseudo-revolutionaries of Latin America"?a reference to other Latin Communists Prime Min- ister Fidel Castro has attacked for shunning his guerrilla war- fare policy. Ousted from the Central Com- mittee were Ramon Calcines, head of Cuba's fruit production program, and Jose Matar, for- mer chief of the 2,000,000-mem- ber Committees for the Defense of the Revolution. The committee charged Matar Calcines were involved with ? _ . _ Escalante and that there had been .an anti-government faction in Fruiticuba, the state export company headed by Calcines. The communique Made no mention of party reorganization. Speculation that some sort of reshuffling was in the works was generated last week after an official reference to Castro called him general secretary Of the Cuban Communist party in- stead of first secretary, his cus- tomary title. ? Today's communique referred to Castro as first secretary. The .committee also declared solidarity with North Korea over seizure of the United States in- telligence ship Pueblo. And it announced that Cuba would not send a delegation to a world meeting of Communists ar- ranged by the Soviet Union in Budapest, Hungary, next month. A headline - in the official party paper Granma said the Central Committee had "un- masked the microfrktion" of old Bolsheviks will!) oppose Cu- bars militantly pro-guerrilla for- eign policy and favor the milder Soviet line.. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-0 1R000500040001-5 FOREIGN BROADCAST Approved For RelegitraiRMECOGRD FBIS 23 (SEE 25 OF 16 MAY) STATI NTL HAVANA TRIAL HAVANA IN SPANISH TO THE AMERICAS 00001 17 (TEYT) HERE IN HAVANA THE TRIAL HAS ENDED EXCEPT FOR SENTENCING IN THE CASE OF A GROUP OF COUNTERREVOLUTIONARIES WHO COMMI'TED CRIMES OF ESPIONAGE, IDEOLOGICAL DIvERSIONISM, COLLABORATION WITH REBELS, EXFILTRATION OF COUNTERREVOLUTIONARIES, AND TRAFFI; IN CURRENCY UNDER THE CLOAK OF ALLEGED RELIGIOUS ACTIVITIES. :HE HAVANA REVOLUTIONARY COURT HELD HEARINGS YESTERDAY IN THE CASE OF 34 PERSONS, INCLUDING 23 MINISTERS OF THE WESTERN BAPTIST CON4ENTION OF CUBA AND THAT ORGANIZATIONS' LEADER, HERBERT CAUDILL OF THE UNITED STATES. THE GROUP'S CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES WERE FULLY PROVED AT IV. PUBLIC TRIAL; THE DEFENDANTS ADMITTED ALL CHARGES AND CONFESSED T) THE CRIMES. THE GROUP HEADED BY THE NORTH AMERICAN HERBERT CAUDILLAN 1960 ESTAES1PBLISHED THE JOINT CUBAN C OiGANI2tTION, WHICH TRIED TO BRING TOGETHER THE GREATEST POSSIBLE NUMBER OF PEOPLE TO WAGE AN IDEOLOGICAL STRUGGLE hGAINIST COMMUNISM IN CUBA. ONE OF THE FIRST TASKS OF THE COUNTEFEEVOLUTIONARY ORGANIZATION WAS IDEOLOGICAL DIVERSION. IN THIS EFOORT THEY WENT SO FAR AS TO ALTER BIBLICAL TEXTS, - INTRODUCING INTO THEM FALSE INJUNCTIONS FOR USE AGAINST MARXISM. SEVERAL MINISTERS WHO OPPOSED THE CUBAN REVOLUTIO4' TOOK PART IN THIS WORK, FOR WHICH THEY WERE RECRUITED. THE, UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF tIERBERT CAUDILL, A GROUP OF CHURCH ' MEMBERS DEVOTED THEMSELVES TO GATHERING ECONOMIC, POLITICA.,' AiND MILITARY INTELLIGENCE, WHICH WAS DELIVERED PERSONALLY TO HERBERT CAUDILL AND LATER SENT TO THE UNITED STATES THR1UGH A SPECIAL CHANNEL HE SAID HE HAD. THIS CHANNEL WAS A FOREliN EMBASSY IN HAVANA. t THE DEFENDANTS ALSO CONFESSED THEIR PART IN AID TO COUNTERREVOLUTIONARY ELEMENTS AND FUGITIVES FROM JUSTICE WIO HAD INFILITRATED INTO THE COUNTRY. THE GROU.P HELPED SLIP TAEM , OUT. A NUMBER OF THESE UNDESIRABLE WERE SLIPPED OUT?FROM THE NORTHERN COAST OF MATANZAS PROVINCE BY MEMBERS OF THE COUNTERREVOLUTIONARY GROUP HEADED BY HERBERT CAUDELL. PERSONS WHO WERE SLIPPED OUT INCLUDE A CRIMINAL WHO HAD REBELLED IN THE COLON AREA, AND ANOTHER FUGITIVE FROM JUSTICE SURNAMED PUJOL. TWENTY-FIVE COUNTERREVOLUTIONARIES SLIPPED GUT OF THE COUNTRY IN THIS SAME ILLEGAL MANNER, INCLUDING THE MINISTER PASCUAL HERRERA. ANOTYER CRIMINAL ACTIVITY CONDUCTED BY THE GANG LED BY THE NORTH AMERICAN HERBERT CAUDILL WAS TRAFFIC IN.CURRENCY. THE COUNTEFFEVOLUTIONARIES CHANGED SOME 300,000 DOLLARS AT A FABULOUS PROFIT FOR THEIR PERSONAL USE. HERBERT CAUDILL AD1ITTED DURING THE PUBLIC PROCEEDING THAT HE HAD TAKEN AN ACTIVE PART IN THE CRIMES, AND, ALTHOUGH HE DENIED HIS SHARE IN THE ESPIONAGE, IT WAS FULLY PROVED THAT HE WAS THE ORGANIZER AND CENTRAL FIGURE IN THE ESPIONAGE ACTIVITIES. 17 MAY 04151 BLM/E0 -Approved For ReletventrfinortIA=RUPETUTEUTROWND ASSOCIA Approved For Relum 2D01/u CI5 1965 STATI NTL t no BY RICHOD DAW A3f7rACIATTE.D PRESS WRITER ? , HAVCA, NAY 15 (AP)-A CUBAN PROSECUTOR HAS ASKEP PRISON TERMS OF 10 AW) lb YEARS FOR TWO AMERICAN BAPTIST MIS.SIONARIES?ACCUSED OF ' SPYP1 FOR THE UNITED STATES. , THF HERBERT CAUDILL, 61, AND THE REV,;DAVIDTITE, 31, ARY rXP;i:OTED TO BE SENTENCED NEXT WEEK. THEIR TRIAL AND THAT OF 32. ? CUBAN BAPTISTS ENDED LAST NICHT. H. . THE PROSECUTOR SOUSHT A 10-YEAR PRISON TERM FOR REV'. MR. CAUDILL,. A flATIVT OF CLINCMPORT, VA., AND AN 1b-YEAR TERM:FOR REV* MP. FITE, A NATIV1 CF FORT 'WORTH, TFX.,'AND CAUDILL'S SON-IW.LAW*. ? - ? ONE !)F THE CUBAN DEFENDANTS, LUIS?MANUEL AGUERO SERRANO 40,. TESTIFIED THAT REV. MR. CAUDILL HEADED. AN ORGANIZATION WITA1N' THE CHUnH WHOSE 03JECT WAS TOFICiHT COMMUNISM. IT SATHERED MILITARY AND ECONOMIC INFORMATION AND HELPED SMUGGLE CUBANS OUT OF THE COUNTRY, AGUERO TESTIFIED* ' BOTH AMERICANS HAVE DENIED SPYING BUT ADMITTED ILLEGALLY TRADING' U.S. DOLLARS FOR CUBAN PESOS,' RFV. MR. CAUDILL "DENIED MAKIPG.A': PROFIT BUT REV. MR. FITE SAID HE MADE' SOME TRANSACTIONS -"FW PERSONAL GAIN." HE SAID HE MADE SONE EXCHANGES AT THE RATE OF FIVIESOS, - TO ONE DOLLAR. THE OFFICIAL RATE IS. ONE TO ONE*, ' A76 REV* If. CAUDILL, WHO IS SUPERINTENDENT OF MISSIONS IN CUBA FOR THE'rOUTHERN BAPTIST HOME MISSION BOARD, AID HE EXCHANaD ABOUT $310,0)) FOR PESOS AFTER THE UNITED STATES TOOK MEASURES TO STIP TAI FLOW OF DOLLARS INTO CUBA. HE SAXE' HE WAS UNOLE TO RECEIVE CHURC)1 FUNDS FROM THE HOME MIrf;SIO4 BOARD FOR SEVERAL TitiTHS BUT THAT ABOUT THE END OF 1963. A SYSTEM WAS WORKED OUT TO GIT FUNDS THROUGH MONTREAL AND LONDON* HE HAS BEEN IN CUBA 35 YEA'iL7. , I. SOME OF THE CUBAN DEFENDAUTS SAID THEY BOUGHT HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES AND AUTOMOBILES FROM THE DOLLAR SALES* REV. MR. CAUDILL'S WIFE WAS AMONG THE 100 SPECTATORS IN , COURTR3041 OF LA CABANA FORTRESS. THE TWO MISSIONARIES WERE ARRESTED APRIL 8,IN A ROUNDUP 40 BAPTIST PREACHERS AND 13 LAYMEN IN WEfiTERN CUBA* THE PROSECUTOR SAID YESTERDAY THOSE OH TRIAL WERE ONLY PART OF THOSE IN THE PLOT" AMWTHAT OTHEPS HAVE BEEN IN EASTER1 CUBA* HE GAVE NO FURTHER ZgTAILS. AF526AED .1 ws.,. amw.i14% Approved For Release 2001103/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500040001-5 REUTERS Approved For Release 211)91166/1:05 ; :SCHEDULED) .BY MICHAEL ARKUS NAVANA, CUBA, MAY 15