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December 29, 1972
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:.:SE/i;GION POST Chatiners Approved For Release 2011yRip4tFIA-RD 31. -Roberts Helms, the Shah and the THERE IS A CERTAIN irony in the fact that Richard Helms will go to Iran as the American ambassador 20 years after the agency he now heads organ- ized and directed the overthrow of the regime then in power in Teheran. The tale is worth recounting if only be- cause of the changes in two decades which have affected the Central Intel- ligence Agency as well as American foreign policy. Helms first went to work at the CIA in 1947 and he came up to his present post as director through what is gener- ally called the "department of dirty tricks." However, there is nothing on the public record to show that he per- sonally had a hand in the overthrow of the Communist backed and/or ori- ented regime of Premier Moletrnmed Mossadegh in 1933, an action tnat re- turned the Shah to his throne. i ie can only guess at the wry smile that must have come to the Shah's face \ then he first heard that President Nieon was proposing to send the CIA's top man to be the American envoy. The Iranian affair, and a similar CIA action in Guatemala the following year, are looked upon by old hands at -ftr'r7t'S7`ar7 774 1953: Teheran rioting Oast over- threw the government left the Unit- ed States Point Four office with gaping holes for 'windows and doors, the agency as high points of a sort in the Cold War years. David Wise and Thomas B. Ross have tout the Iranian Vstory in their hook, "The Invisible Gov- ernment," and the CIA lice a at the time, Allen Dulles, conceded in public , after he left the go eminent eminent that the United States had had a hand in what occurred. IRAN IS NEXT DOOR to the Soviet Union, In 1951 Mossadeeh, who con- fused Westerners svith his habits of weepives in public and running govern- ment business from his bed, national- r IL is ized the Brh-owitaki? ' Oil Co. and seiseiritlin401.0ra It ?ir kO?1)00406q0 19 ? e La, ,LIA:1 tqlkii3D cry. The West boycotted Iranian oil high points of covert CIA Cold War ac- CIA and the country was thrown into crisis. Mossadegh "connived." as Wise and Ross put it. with Turich. Iran's Com- munist party, to bolster his hand, The British and Americans decided he had to go and picked Gen. Fazollah Zahedi to renlace him. The man who stage- managed the job on the spot was Ker- mit "Kim" Roosevelt (who also had a hand in some fancy goings-on in Egypt), grandson of T.R. and seventh cousin of P.D.R., and now a Washing- tonian in private business. Roosevelt managed to get to Teheran and set up underground headquarters. A chief aide was Brig. Gen. H. Norman Schwarzkopf, who, as head of the New Jersey state police, had become famous during the Lindbergh baby kidnaping case. Schwarzkopf had reorganized the Shah's police force anti he and Roose- velt joined in the 1053 operation. 'the Shah dismissed Mossadegh and named Zaheldi as Premier but Mossadegh ar- rested the officer who ine2ught the bad news. The Teheran streets filled with rioters and a scared Shah fled first to Baghdad and then to Rome. Dulles flew to Rome to confer with him. Roo- sevelt ordered the Shah's backers into the streets, the leftists were arrested by the army and the Shah returned in triumph. Mossadegh went to jail. In time a new international oil consor- tium took over Anglo-Iranian which onerates to this dayahough the Shah has squeezed more and more revenue from the Westerners. In his 1963 book, "The Craft of Intel- ligence." published after he left CIA, Dulles ,.vrote that, when in both Iran and Guatemala it "became clear" that a:Communist state was in the making, nsupport, from outside was given to loyal anti-Communist elements," In a 1965 NBC television documentary or: "The Science of Spying" Dulles said: "The government of Mossadech, if you recall history, was overthrown by the action of the Shah. Now, that we en- couraged the Shah to take that action I will not deny." Miles Copeland, an there were plenty of other sue- cesful enterprises that fell short of chaneing government regimes. Today the CIA, humiliated by the 1961 Bay of - Pigs fiasco it planned and ran, has wizhdrawn from such large scale af- fairs as Iran, save for its continuing major role in the no longer "secret war in Laos." The climate of today would not permit the United States to repeat the Iranian operation, or so one assumes with the reservation that resident. Nixon (who was Vice Presi- dent at the time of Iran) loves sur- prise. The climate of 1933, however, was very different and must be taken into account in any judgment. Moscow then was fishing in a great many. troubled waters and among them was Iran. It was probably true, as Allen Dulles said on that 1963 TV show, that -at no time has the CIA engaged in any political activity or any intelli- gence that was not approved at the highest level." It was all part of a deadly "game of nations." Richard Bis- sell, who ran the U-2 program and the Bay of Pigs, was asked on that TV show about the morality of CIA activi- ties. "I think," he replied, that "the morality of . . . shall we call it for short, cold war . is o infinitely eas- ier than the morality of almost any kind of hot war that I never encoun- tered this as a serious problem." PERHAPS the philosophy of the Cold War years and the CIA role were best put by Dulles in a letter that he wrote me in 1961. Excerpts from his then forthcoming book had appeared spi Harper's and I had suggested to him some further revelations he might in- clude in the book. He wrote about ad- ditions he was making: -This includes more on Iran and Guatemala and the problems of policy in action when there begins to be evidence that a country is slipping and Communist take-over is threatened. We can't wait for an engraved invitation to come and give aid." There is a story, too, that Winston Churchill was so pleased by the opera- tion in Iran that he proferred the Georee Cross to Kim Roosevelt. But ex-CIA operative in the Middle East. the ClA wouldn't let him accept the wrote in his hook. "The Game of decoration. So Churchill commented to Nations." that the Iranian derring-do Roosevelt: "I would be proud to have was called -Operation Ajax." He cred- served tinder you" in such an opera- ited Roosevelt with -almost single- Ron. Thot remark, Roosevelt is said to handedly'' calling the "pro-Shah forces, have replied, was better than the &co- on to the streets of Teheran" and sil- . ration. PerviEi" -their riots so as to (lust" I [elms doubtless would be the last to Mossadegh, say so out loud but I can imagine his TODAY THE IRAN to which Helms will go after he leaves the CIA is a sta- ble, well armed and well oil-financed reeime under the Shell's command v.-hich has mended its fences with Mos- cow without, hurtina its chore relation- ship with Washinelon. The Shah has taken full advandese of the eh:times in Fast-West rAationa front the Cold War reflectin, that, if it hadn't been for what Delles, Kim Ilooseveit and the others did in 1953, he would not have the eleince to present his credentials to a Shah still on the peacock throne in 1973. STATI NTL STATI NTL Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01 B.Y.1-1??:3:1E , LID. SUN ? 164,621. E 4.7, fE3:721 S 4 ire r7- Behind the Curtain It is not given to orc:inary mortals to know much of what gees on behind the cloak of the Central Intelligence Agency. We are not told, for example, how much meney it has .to spend?although reports suggest it ex- ceeds $750 million annually. No more are we told of what it clJes with the money? although there is a general understanding it fields perhaps 10.000 people throughout the world on shadowy missions, some more activist than others, to ferret out information .useful in shoring up this nation's security. ,What few can know outside the highest gov- .ernmental levels is precisely what policies the CIA pursues and how effectively, or in- __ effectively;- it manages them. At the Bay of .Pigs, according to some versions, the CIA stumbled badly. In its estimates on the mili- tary capabilities of North Vietnam, to go by the Pentagon Papers, the CIA has been .consistently more accurate?and more omi- .nous?than most. But these are only ran&rn clues too skimpy for an illuminating pattern. One result of this studied mystery is that the CIA has no public constituency of its own, that it must stand silent and undefended before the will of the only authority to which it need answer. This is the White House, which has just announced a change in the directorship. Richard Helms, something of a professional in intelligence work, is re- placed by James R. Schlesinger, a younger man impressively conditioned in more varied administrative fields. At first glance, and to the extent that an appraisal is possible, Mr. Schlesinger has the air of a man well up to his challenging. tricky new job. The only qualm about the changeover arises from sug- gestions?facts, of course, being unavailable? that .1r. Helms is being shipped out because the CIA under his leadership has not shared the rosy view of the Vietnamese operations which the White House prefers. Mr. Schlesin- ger must resist any temptations to paint up Vietnam to some hue which. however desir- able, the truth is too bleak to warrant. ' STATINTL Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 STATI NTL Approved For Releaw,20.91104/104; CIA-RDP8 2 2 DEC 1972. A.E.C. Chief to Revlace Helms as C.I.A. Director Schles:nger, , 43, Chosen ?Intelligence Official to Be Envoy to Iran By JACK ROSENTHAL Special to The New York Times KEY BISCAYNE, Fla., Dec. 21 ?President Nixon said today that he would nominate James R. Schlesinger, who is chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, to be Director of Central In- telligence. He said also that he would nominate the current director, Richard Helms, to be Ambassa- dor to Iran. Mr. Helms's departure from the C.I.A. was described as a retirement, consistent with his feeling that he, like other C.I.A. officials, should retire at age 60. He will be GO in March. There had been rumors that Mr. Helms was being forced out of his job. The White House took pains to affirm the President's appre- ciation for Mr. Helms's 30 years of. public service and for the fact that it will continue. At the same time, the departure from the C.I.A. is touched with symbolic overtones. In the opinion of knowledge- able officials, it means the end of an era of professional intel- ligence operatives and the be- ginning of an era of systems. management. Mr. Helms, who' reporter, epitomizes a genera-I tion that developed its exper- tise during World War II and subsequently helped to create the C.I.A. When appointed in June, 1f166, he was the first careerist to become D.C.I.?Di- rector of Central Intelligence. Mr. Schlesinger, by contrast, is a 43-year-old economist and political scientist schooled in strategic studies, systems analy- sis, and defense spendinr. The author of a detailed report on the intelligence community for ??. v The Nem York Times James R. Schlesinger once interviewed Hitler, as a Mr. Nixon last year, he is ex- pected to take over at the C.I.A. as soon as he is confirmed by the Senate. Both the Helms and Schles- kne,,er appointments had been forecast. No successor was named to the A.E.C. chairmanship, which Mr. Schlesinger has held since August, 1971. Before that he had been with the Office of Management and Budget, con- centrating on national security and international affairs. Cost Issue Noted . That experience, coupled with the Administration's apparent interest in the cost and redun- dancy of intelligence programs, led a close student of C.I.A. to a third has been in between, suggest today that what Mr. Mr. Ziegler said. The fact is, Nixon now wanted was "more he continued, that no decision cloak for the buck." has been made. Details about "the agency," . Another vacancy arose in as the C.I.A. is known in the Washington today with the Government, are classified. But resignation of John P. Olsson .it is thou.:tht to have a budget tatter 20 months as deputy un- of more than $750-million a ider secretary of transportation year and more than 10,000 to return to private business. employes. Most are involved Mr. Helma's new position in intelligence? technical as- comes after 30 years in intelli- Isessment, analysis and esti- genre work. After graduation mates. , from Williams Collee, he be- ! I A "plans division" conducts came a United Pr:.ss corre- , !clandestine operations, such as sperndflt in Germany from ,J35 to 1937. Until 1912, when ' 'the abortive Bay of Pigs in- 1.:: was commissioned as a Navy vi -:ion of Cuba in IVO. 'Mr. Ihelms once directed this di. oh ficer, he was irk newspaper vision, but not at the time of advertising. His new assignment is to a country whose leader was strongly assisted, according to wide belief, by a clandestine C.I.A. operation in 1953. The agency was reputed to have had a role in the overthrow of Mohammed Mossadegh, then premier, permitting the Shah of Iran to reassert his control. If confirmed by the Senate, Mr. Helms will succeed Joseph S. Farland, who has been Am- bassador to Iran since May. The White House said today that he would return to Wash- ington and be reassigned to another post. According to a private source, the outgoing Deputy Secretary of State, John N. Ir- win, is Mr. Nixon's choice to become Ambassador to France The position has been vacant since the departure in early November of Arthur K. Wat- son, who is Mr. Irwin's brother- in-law. In the first news briefing of the President's week-long Christmas trip here, Ronald L. Ziegler, the White House press secretary, also dealt with the following appointments topics: El.Mr. Nixon has accepted "with very special regret" the resignation of David M. Ab- shire as Assistant Secretary of State for Congressional Rela- tions. Mr. Abshire will become chiarman of the Georgetown University Center for Strategic and International Studies on Jan. 9. c.Speculation about the direc- torship of the Federal Bureau of Investigation should be dis- counted for the time being Mr. Ziegler said. One newspaper has reported that Acting Direc- tor L. Patrick Gray will be formally nominated, another has said he would not be, and the Cuban invasion. STATI NTL Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 STATI NTL PRvv1,4CE, R.I. JOURNAL M - 66,673 . , S - in 15001,8rel -- K,sscr7c7177tro 9 Ar Raid is Crialzod ? Lyman B. Kirkpatrick Jr., who was inspector general of the......CJA during the Bay of ?Pigs inv7rs7T3117-has criticized the late President John F. Kennedy for the way he han- dled the aftermath of the in- vasion. "If the President makes the policy, get ill of Castro. that is about the last he should hear of it," Mr. Kirkpatrick said. "If something goes wrong, he can fire and dis- avow, which is what a Pres- ident should do, not acknowl- edge and accept blame. Of course, I am being critical of the President, but I think that this is essential in this area (covert operations)." According to Mr. Kirkpat- rick, Allen Dulles, director of the CIA at the time. told the ,President "If you wish, I will go." The President refused. Mr. Kirkpatrick said, "lie (Mr. Dulles) was a very wise and able man, and he recog- nized that when an in- telligence failtu-e takes place, the first expendable person is the director of Litt.- operation." In the forward to his book, "A Thousand Di.*.s: John F. Kennedy in the White House," Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. writes: ."Then alter the Bay of Pigs he (the President ) said, 'I hope you kepi a full account of that. I s:titi I had under- stood he did not rant 115 to keep full a cc mot s of any- thing. Ile s:-Lid. No, go ahead. You can bc damn sure that the CIA has its record and the Joint Chieis of Staff theirs. We'd better make sure we nave a tecord over ti.c:re. So vo ahead.' " Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 ----Afprusret1 For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDFEMOTWER000500050001-4 jouRNAL - 66,673 S 209,501 DEC 01374 e? ? P 1 , Cll't'--glorlral 111 A'11.84 0 ' 0 ? ? Asstasas CIA " C dC n :fc.Aon 1 p By JACK WRITE involved. It was well known th it it was totally and com- pletely supported by the Unit- ed States." The five battalions, or "reinforced companies," of Invaders landed at the Eay of Pies on April 17, 39ti1 ? two days after an air strike dam- aged part of Castro's air force. Mr. Kirkpatrick said that :term after the exiles landed five Castro jets appeared at tbe landing she and two of the prim?ipal landing ships, one carrying most ol the brigade's ammunition, were sunk and the others driven away. The inspeetor general of Central Intellieence Agency it the time ot the abortive Bay of Pigs inv,ision says the exiled Cuban invadees should have been trained at military bases in the United States, rather than on a plantation in Guatemala. Lyman B. Kirkpatrick Jr., now a professor of political science at Brown University, does not say that training the exiles in the United States - would have resulted in the overthrow of. the Fidel Castro regime. But he does stly, "In yet- Mr. Kirpatrick, author or' 'The Real CIA," said the Bay of Pies operation was doomed. "before it was ever mount- "As early as 30 October 190 an article al:vatted in, the Guatemalan La Bora ? which described a militant .rospeet, the use of U.S. bases "And front that moment on, "'"-Ild have been 111?1.e feast- the operation was doomed." he beeause we did have the Mr. Kirkpatrick said. Three capability for controlling (lees after the landing, the access to a siLable ge?grar-'111- 1.':5:t-rnan brigade ran out of cal area. e mmuni I ion and was over- "We could have isolated the brigade; even the training of the B-26 pilots could have been dene in the United States; and perhaps, only per- haps, it could have been done without having been dis- closed." In a recent lecture to stu- dents at the Naval War Col- lege in Neveport, Mr. Militia- trick said: "It mieht lia e been iser ? to have trained e? eryhody in the United States where they could have been isolated Fontewhere tri the Va St 'reaches of a Fort Bragg or a Fort Hemline:. During the leetute. a text or which is liable-hod in the No- vember-December issue of the NV:11' Cl.11(e Re- view. 'Mr. len-lip:di-be: said, "By the time Ilse landiner took. Place, it Was NV( II 1,n01k n an operation vas being mounted. II was well known who was base in the mountains de- signed to train men for an in- vasion of Cuba," Mr. Kirkpa- trick said. Soon aaer the La lIora story, Mr. Kirkpatrick said, The New York Times was "producing a story on the base ? who was there, what they were doing and what they were going to do." After listing the many mis- takes made in planning the in- vasion, including . poor in- telligence reports on Castro's strength, Mr. Kirkpatrick said the operation was mounted because ''obviously most peo- ple thought it was ;.7(ting to succeed. In fact, most of the people talking to the Pres- ident (John F. Kennedy) thought it was going to suc- ceed." Mr. Kirkpatrick, who came to Brown in September, 1965, said the operation was, to achieve a "political objec- tive," the disposal of the Cas- tro regime. "What we were really try- ing to do was do something inexpensively that we did not want to do the hard way (use U.S. forces)," Mr. Kirkpa- trick said. Ile stressed that the in- vasion was "exclusively" under the direction of the CIA and that post-operation criti- cism of the Joint Chiefs of Staff v as "misplaced." The Joint Chiefs were asked only to evaluate the teasibility of the plan and the training of the exiles, most of whom were recruited in the Miami area. "hecurate intelligence WS the basis for the Itay Pies disaster," he aided. vilelmecl by the 20,000 Castro I ole;ne, Ntr. Kirkpatrick, who is de- ,cvribed as being "one of the senior men in the CTAe4 the lime of the-7.77;, len, was usirg the Bey of Pigs invasion es a "case study" on covert operations. 'file political science profes- sor strongly defended the conntry's rieht to maintain its rhility to mount covert opera- tions "that can easily be disa- vow-ed by tee orieinating gov- ernment." A covert operation, he said, "must lie so cletalestine, so yell hidden, that its true s,urres may Dover be seeciti- eally proven. Guesses. ahIekt- t gets, syq:filat ion7; imiy hC inNile in the pub;R mr,clia, but ro proef or vent i1 is per. tnissible if the oporatiiet is to be properly censidered co- Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 WASHIUGTON STAR Approved For Release 2001tiOR0i411A-RDP80-01 ..:Aide hi oir,rllines ? By JEREMIAH O'LEARY Star-News Staff Writer . The man who was inspector general of the CIA during the Bay of Pigs fiasco now . be- lieves it would have been wis- er to have trained the invasion ?1force at a military base inside . the United States to preserve the security of the anti-Castro operation:. Prof. Lyman B. Kirkpatrick :Jr., now on the facullty of Brown .University, disclosed :this view in a lecture delivered ,at the Naval War College in Newport;. B.I. The speech has been published in the current college review. ?. Kirkpatrick also said: "If :the President makes the policy to get rid of Castro, that is about the last he should hear - of it. If something goes wrong be can fire and disavow, which is what a President should do, ..not acknowledge and accept .blame. Of. course, I am being 'critical of the President (Ken- nedy) but I think this is essen- tial." - The former CIA official said the control of "covert" opera- fr " CO? y ?/ or STATINTL tions like the Bay of Pigs ex- ercise in 1961 should be at a much lower level of govern- ment than the President's of- fice. Having covert operations run out of the White House or even out of the office of the secretaries of state or defense "makes absolutely no sense whatever in any society." "Never Understood" Although he said he was speaking? only his personal views, Kirkpatrick said the blame for failure of the Cuban exile invasion belongs to the CIA, not on the military where President Kennedy tried to place it. "It can be 'concluded," said Kirkpatrick, "that the Presi- dent never really fully under- stood that this proposal en- tailed a military .operation in the true sense of the word. Instead of an assault landing consisting of some 3,5tX) men, Kennedy seemed to think this was going to be some sort of mass infiltration that would perhaps, through some mys- tique, become quickly invisi- ble." wiap,s ? 11'? er) rf.,) L ki 4 iJ ? C, Kirkpatrick said it wOuld have been more feasible to have used U.S. bases instead of those in Guatemala and Nicaragua fo rthe invasion of Cuba because the United States could have isolated the brigade and trained the pilots without disclosure. "The Bay of Pigs experi- ence," he said, "does not mean that we should forget covert operations as a tool for implementing national policy. In fact, that's the last thing it means. The capability to mount a covert operation is an. exceedingly important capa- bility for our government to have." Looking hack over ? the Bay of Pigs operation, Kiekpatrick said the most vital lesson learned was from the opera- tors' failure to secure accu- rate intelligence. He said inac- curate intelligence was the ba- sis for the disaster adding, "there is no other place to put the blame for that then on the agency ? mounting the operat- ing." Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 STATI NTL Approved For RtaltainE/0011M3V0PCPCMIRDP DECEMBER 1972 The CentraE !ntelliclence Agency: A Short History to Mid-1963 Part 2 James Hepburn STATINTL "I never had any thought . . . when I set up the CIA, that it would be injected into peacetime cloak-and-dagger operations. Some of the complications and embarrassment that I think we have experienced are in a part attributable to the fact that this quiet intelligence arm of the President has been so removed from its intended role . . ." ? Harry Truman, President of the U.S. quoted at the start of the chapter Introductory Note by the Editor The book "Farewell America", by James Hepburn, was published in 1968 in English by Frontiers Co.. in Vaduz, Liechtenstein; 418 pages long, including 14 pages of index. James Hepburn is a pseudonym; the book is reputed to have been written by the French Intelligence, in order to report to Ameri- cans what actually happened in the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Copies of the book may be purchased readily in Canada, and at one or two addresses in the United States. No bookstore in the United States that I know of will order and sell copies of the book. (Inquire of the National Committee to Investigate Assassinations, 927 15th St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20005, for ways to pur- chase the book.) The twenty chapters are absorb- ingly interesting, and well worth reading. Information about secret intelligence services and the way they operate is of course not in the open literature. In the two and a half years since I read the book, I have seen no demonstra- tion that any of the information contained in the book is false -- and the information does tie in with much else that is known. Perhaps more than 90% of what is in the book is true. . The following article is based on Chapter 15, "Spies", of "Farewell America". Part I was pub- lished in the November, 1972, issue of "Computers and Automation". Part 2 is published here. Worldwide Extension of the CIA Beginning in 1955. the CIA extended its intelli- gence networks on the continent of Africa. which up till then, with the exception of Egypt.and Libya, had been considered of secondary importance. It established itself solidly in Algeria. the Republic of South Africa, the ex-Belgian Congo, French West Africa and the Portuguese African colonies. Latin America and the Caribbean were controlled by its American Division. Preparations for the Invasion of Cuba When Kennedy entered the White House, preparations were already underway for an invasion of Cuba. The project had originated with an executive order signed by President Eisenhower on March 17. 1960 authorizing the clandestine training and arming of Cuban refugees. The operation was directed by Richard Mervin Bissell, Jr.. a brilliant graduate of the London School of Economics and former professor of economics at Yale who had joined the CIA in 1954 and, as director of its Plans Division, had supervised the U2 project. Bissell's original plan included the organization of guerilla troops in Cuba itself, but the shortage of qualified volunteers and the lack of support among , the Cuban population and Castro's army rendered this impossible. Instead, Allen Dulles decided on a mili- tary invasion of the island by Cuban exile forces. Training Sites The CIA immediately began looking for a suitable training site. At the beginning of April, 1960, Robert Kendall Davis, First Secretary of the Ameri- can Embassy in Guatemala and the local CIA Station Chief, visited Guatemala President Ydigoras at his official residence, situated out of precaution on the grounds of the Guatemalan military schoo1.23 Ydigoras, who had no sympathy for Castro and who was also faced with a mounting budget, agreed to allow the CIA to train "special forces" on a base in Guatemala. The CIA chose the "Helvetia" coffee plantation atRetalhuleu, which covered 5,000 acres, was easy to guard, and offered 50 miles of private roads. There it established a training center for saboteurs and combat forces equipped with barracks and a swimming pool. At the end of May, 1960, the CIA net with repre- sentatives of the five Cuban exile groups, which joined in a common front, the Cuban hevolutionary Council, for which the CIA opened bank accounts in New York, New Orleans. and Miami. The majority of the Cuban exiles lived in Florida or Louisiana. Word spread quickly that something big was in the wind and that there was no lack of funds. Volunteers poured in, and a first contingent of men described as "geometrical engineers" departed for Guatemala at the end of May, 190. Training Anti-Castro Cubans The CIA provided military specialists and foreign technicians, mainly German and Japanese contractuals. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 FEDERATION OF AMERICAN SCIENTISTS NEWSLETTE Approved For Release 2001/03204 : CIA-RDP80-01601 STATINTL . THE INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY: TIME FOR REVIEW? .n.y I ; The intelligence community, and it budget, pose many arc:fries such additional services of common concern as, , s prOblems of traditional concern to thc Federation of Amer- ' the National Security Council determines can be more jean Scientists: governmental reform, morality, proper ' effectively accomplished centrally: usc of high technology, and defense expenditures. In thc "perform such other functions and duties related to last quarter century, intelligence agencies have profiler- intelligence affecting the national security as the Na- Clonal Security Council may from time to time dircct.". atcd. The United States has established an agency which goes beyond intelligence colicction and, periodically, inter- ? ? , ? . ?.. ','.. % ? (italics added) . ? ? ? .. .... _.. fcres in .the internal affairs of other nations. Technology These clauses clearly authorize clandestine intelligence suited to the invasion of national and personal privacy collection but they arc also used, to justify clandestine p0- has been cieveloped apace. And the $4 to $6 billion being litical operations. However, overthrowing governments. spent for intelligence might well be termed the largest secret wars, assassination, and fixing elections are cer- "unreviewed" part of the defense budget. tainly not done "for the benefit of the existing inteilig,ence Twenty-five years after the passage of the National Se- ' agencies" nor are they duties "related to intelligence." curity Act of 1947, it seems a good time to consider the Someday a court may rule that ,political activities arc noi problems posed by these developments. authorized. Of least concern in terms of its budget hut of over-riding In any case, at the urging of Alien Dulles, the Nntional significance in its international political impact, is the Di- Security Council issued a tecret.directive (NSC 10/2) in rectorate of Plans of CIA, within which clandestine politi- 1948, authorizing such special operations of all kind:? cat operations arc mounted. This is the issue discussed in provided they were secret and small enough to be pausitNy this newsletter:More and more, informed observers quo- ?deniable by the Government. . [ion whether clandestine political operations ought to be ?Even this. authority has been exceeded since several im- . confirmed on a "business as usual" basis. In thc absence possible-to-denY operation's have been undertaken: tn.: of an investigation, a 'secret bureaucracy?which started 0-2 fliFht, the Bay of Pip,s invasion, thc Iranian Coup, the in thc Office of Strategic Services during a hot war and Laotian War, and so on. . ? which grew in the CIA during a cold war?may simply The National Security Act.? gave the CIA no "police continue to practice a questionable trade. subpoena, law enforcement powers, or internal security Clandestine "dirty tricks" have their .costs not only' functions ..." Put another secret Executive Ilranch riocii- abroad but at home, where they are encouraged only too Ment evidently did give the CIA authority to engae in . easily. And is not interference in the affairs of other domestic operations related to its job. It was under tis nations wrong?. ? authority that snch.organizations as foundations, educational organizations, and private voluntary groups were Two decades ago, as the cold war gained momentum, involved with the CIA at thc time of the National Student i/ one of America's greatest political scientists, Harold D.. Association revelations (1966).? ' I.,assweli. wrote a comprehensive and prophetic boo, The "white" part of CIA is, in a sense, a cover for the "National Security and Individual Freedom." He warned "black". side. CIA supporters and officials invariably ern- of the "insidious .menace" that a continuing 'crisis might phasize the intelligence, rather than the . manipuia;.,3n "undermine and eventually destroy free institutions." We function of CIA, ignoring the latter or using phrase., 1....it would see, he predicted: ?pressure for defense expendi- gloss over it quietly. The public can easily accept the de- tures, expansion and centralization of Government, with- siiability of knowing as much as possible. But its instincts holding of information, general suspicion, an undermining oppose doing abroad what it would not tolerate at horne. of press and public opinion, ? a weakening, of political And it rightly fears that injustices committed abroad may parties, a decline of the Congress. and of the courts. ' begin to he tolerated at borne: how many elections can be fixed abroad before we begin to try it here? The last '.:-.Today, with the Cold War waning, it seems in order to. reexamine our institutions, goals and standards. Which election showed such a degeneration of traditional Amen- responses to the emergency of yesterday can we justify , . . I to(Hay? o The. present Director of Central intelligence, Richard / The National Security Act of 1947 created thc Centra , Helms, is working hard and effectively at presenting an l image of CIA that will not offend. In a reccit speech, he Intelligence Agency and gave it Overall responsibility for laid: coordinating thc intelligence activities of the several fele-. yant government departments and agencies interested in ; "The same objectivity which makes us useful to okii slick matters. Today, a quarter century later, CIA is re- ? government and our country leaves uS uncomfortably ported to have a budget of about $700-million to $1. , aware of our ambiguous place in it. . . .. We propose tc billion and a staff of perhaps 18,000 people, or about adapt intelligence to American society, not vice versa.' 8,000 more than the Department of State! (This ad- ' Even constrned narrowly,?this is no easy job, and adapt- vantage in size gives CIA an edge in interdepartmental ing clandestine political operations to American ideals may meetings for which, for example, others may be too rushed well be quite impossible. ? ??? ? i ? . (co folly prepare or not be able to assign a suitable person.) At thc time of thc Bay of Pigs, President Kennedy uo.... r . "The National ecurity Act authorized CIA to:. ;.serious consideration to breaking CIA into two pieces: ' *S ? one piece would conduct operations and the other wolilc. "perform for (hAppfrpfveld RP PAReliciaserala4/031@4iccOhic4RDP80-4)116411R000500060004,4 c ',...,...:. , -.. REeleadir24:104/0.8124 : CIA-RDP80-0 NAVAL WAR COLLEGE REVIEW The capabilities for conducting effective intelligence gathering and paramilitary recy or emotionally involved with its operations have long been essential tools in the conduct of national policy. implementation? Do the policymakers Unfortunately, however, certain misconceptions regarding the manner and circum- have a realistic understanding of the stances in which they can be employed arose in this country after World War II and operation? led directly to setbacks like the Bay of Pigs. Rather than shunning the possibility of These are some of the basic questions using covert operations in the future to gain policy objectives, experiences like the which must be asked prior to the Bay of Pigs merely underline the fact that policymakers must be educated as to what mounting of any clandestine or covert is possible, and the responsibility for this lies with the career intelligence community. operation. Cuban STATINTL itself, a brief review of recent Cu Before turning to the case study history is appropriate. Fidel Castro PARAMILITAIIY CASE STUDY landed in eastern Cuba in 1956 with what turned out to be 12 men. He TILE BAY OF PIGS gathered forces in the Sierra Maestra irr 1956 and 1957. Even more important, however, was the growth of anti-Batista A lecture delivered groups in the cities of Cuba among the middle class, the professionals, and the by elite. It was the erosion of Batista's vital Professor Lyman B. Kirkpatrick, Jr. political support in the cities which led directly to his downfall. The guerrillas in the countryside served merely as a I think that the usual caveat is the public media, but no proof or verifi- catalyst in this process. And eventually, necessary before I get into the subject at cation is permisske if the operation is on 1 January 1959, Castro stepped into hand. What I am about to say today are to be properly considered covert, the vacuum left by the fleeing Batista. my personal views; they do not repre- At this point in our discussion I A fact which many people do not sent the official CIA view nor the believe it will prove helpful to simply seem to recall was that despite our U.S. Government view. official list some of the questions that must be al This is misgivings about Fidel Castro, and the an after-action report on an episode in asked before a covert operation is U.S. Government did have them, we our history which engendered perhaps properly undertaken, recognized his government fairly the most intense emotions and publica Can it be done covertly? Can the promptly. The first cabinet of the Cas- reaction we have seen since World Wartro regime was probably one of the role of the sponsoring government be H. sufficiently concealed at each step so as finest in Cuban history. It is worthy to President Kennedy in the aftermathto avoid disclosure and thus either note, however, that very few of the new of the Bay of Pigs made the comment failure or a diplomatic setback for the Cabinet members stayed very long. that "Victory has a hundred fathers; sponsor? And if the cover of the opera- In addition to recognizing Castro, the defeat is an orphan." I would simply say tion is destroyed at any stage, are United States continued its subsidy of that as Inspector General of the CIA atCuba's sugar crop which at that time alternative measures or withdrawal pos- the time, I was probably in charge of sible? amounted to approximately $100 mil- the orphanage. 0 Are the assets available to do the lion. The three major U.S. oil companies There is a very specific definition ofdoing business in Cuba advanced him job required? Are the indigenous per- covert :operations. In the broad litera- sonnel available who are secure and in $29 million because his treasury was ture of intelligence, covert operationsthe proper place to do the work re- bare when he took over. Batista and his are about as old as espionage, which hasquired? If not, are there those available cohorts had seen to that. Castro was not been called the world's second oldestwho can be put into place? invited to the United States on an profession. To be properly considered0 Are all of the assets of the spon- official trip, but he came here unoffi- covert; an operation Must be designed in soring government being used? Can the cially to attend a meeting of the Ameri- such a way that it can easily be dis- operation be controlled? Will the in. can Society of Newspaper Editors in avowed by the originating government. digenous forces being used respond to Washington, and he did have an inter- The hand of the sponsor must not be direction or are they likely to go off on view with the then Vice President of the visible.United States, Richard M. Nixon. Then, their own? Will they accept cancellation Covert operations, on the other of the operation at any time? one by one, the men around Castro hand, must not be confused with irregu- ? If it succeeds or fails, will they began dropping off. He speedily ex- tar warfare. An example of irregular maintain silence? The maxim "Silence is propriated U.S. property worth $968 warfare that has received recent world- golden" has never been fully accepted in million. Even his closest barbados?the wide attention is the operation in Laos. this country, but it is still worth asking. bearded ones?that had been with him Everybody on both sides knows who is Also, can it be handled securely within in the hills started to turn against him as doing what to whom; the aid and assis- the sponsoring government? he appointed more and more Commu- tance is obvious. That is irregular war- o Finally, and this is perhaps the !lists, and by the middle of 1960 it fare. A covert operation, however, to be most important question the United became obvious that the United States was not going to be able to do business States must ask, is the risk worth the totally covert must be so clandestine, so well hidden, that its true sources may potential gain? Has there been a true with Fidel. This, I might say, was a very never be specifically proven. Guesses, al- evaluation of the chance Of success or great shock to Americans. Cuba was a count legations, speculakt05.8edrrocariiRgtita;Y N1 Ob fmelkie4 ia.rtibok fjp 8000 540484,61 that we reef:Wow Spain; we had assisted it through the Approved For Release 29A1VM4,11g44-RDP80 - 22 NOV 1372 . . . r Nixon Order Fails to Ease congressmen as "bad security risks" because of a tendency ? ? to "tell all to the public." Access to Classified Datament officials acknowledged Other former high Govern- 4 ,, ? the existence among. some bureaucrats of the extreme , view that "public business is no Are. Impeding . Efforts . to .Obtain business of the public. Bureaucratic Obstacles and High Costs ii,.. Older Government Documents , By FELIX P,ELAIR JR. On the other hand, one of the most eloquent statements of the material could not be located public's "right to know" was "with a reasonable amount of given by President Nixon in effort." promulgating the June 1 order. , When. it was pointed out that "Fundamental to our way of the material had been referred ' Reference in Memoirs Among the June ? 1 requests; by The Associated Press was- one to the Defense Department for certain material on the Ko-' rean war. The Pentagon replied Son July 11 that the material was not in the files of the As- sistant Secretary for Interna- tional Security Affairs. Another reply on Aug. 8 said that the to in the memoirs of former . President Eisenhower as com- ing from the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Pentagon searchers said life," he said, 'is the belief Special to The Nese York Times that ? when information which ? WASHTNGTON, Nov. 21? wraps and by whom." A House properly belongs to the public President Nixon's pledge "to watchdog committee has is systematically withheld y lift the veil of secrecy" from charged that the President's those in power, the people soon they Avould go on looking. needlessly classified official pa- in 1 order was issued to become ignorant of their own Before its rejection of the re- Department advised that the pers is being throttled by bu- affairs, distrustful of those who ? l quest by The Times, the State, reaucratic confusion -timidity Icost of identifying, locating and! - and prohibitive costs, in thereviewing the material could be, opinion of historians, other 1"as much as S7,000 or more"i t scholars and newsmen. but that this was riot to be Five months after the Presi- ?have not been too bad. Of taken as an estimate of any 177 requests made to various der .makes access to classified .i dent's order on June 1, direct- validity and none could be at- agencies in the five months information more .difficult ra :. ing a freer flow of information thrmi h eOctober, 83 were grant- ther than the reverse. tempted. - The order provides that, after In any case, The Times Was told it would have to state in writing in advance that it would assume whatever cost was as- signed to producing the ma- terial, even though the review process determined that it could net be declassified ' and re- leased. . Pending the outcome of a written protest to David Young, head of declassification opera- tions at the White House, The Times on June 21 withdrew its requests to the State Denart- ment and four other Federal agencies. In a letter to Mr. Young, Max Frankel, the Washington corre- spondent of The Times said that "we will not ? buy -a- pig in a poke, nor should the Govern- ment ask us to play research roulette, even if we acknowl- edged some responsibility for sharing the-costs involved.'" Mr. Frankel's chief complaint was that "the bureaucrats mis- understand virtually every issue involved in this whole proceed- ing." He said, "We have, first, the admission (and in the case of the Pentagon papers, the demonstration) that , vast amounts of information have been either misclassified or wrongly held classified for too long." , Mr. Frankel, who is also chief of the Washington bureau of The Times, said that the ob- vious intent of the President's order had been to correct both categories of error and said: "If the Government intends to honor the intent and the spirit of the President's order, then it should facilitate access, not raise one barrier after an- head off such a bill, on which it was then holding hearings. Figures compiled by the White House staff suggest that results under the new order? the first "reform" since 1253 to the public from secret and ed in 'full and four in part; 52 confidential papers more than were denied in full and 38 are 10 years old, the output is still pending, the White House still no more than a trickle. figures show. The breakdown, however, ? More requests for documents, Idocs not take into account that have been denied or labeled some of the information grante 'pending" than have been 'was not responsive to a re- granted. Those seeking access to thek quest. One of the features of the manage them, and--eventually ?incapable of determining their own destinies." Despite this endorsement of a better-informed public, the language of the President's or- 10 years, secret material on na- tional security and foreign pol- isy mst be reviewed for de- classification on request, pro- vided that the information is described "with sufficient par- ticularity that it can be ob- tained with only a reasonable ..ystem is that the person re- amount of effort." -documents are searching for in-questing declassification must Drawback Cited : formation - that might throwi wee in advance to buy the - i require- new light on the origins of thW' The drawback in this . material He must agree in ad-1 n; ,ment, those who have made the United States involvement i ivance to pay the cost of In_ 1, the Korean and Vietnam wars, effort say, is that only the of- eating, identifying and review-, , the Cuban Bay of Pigs invasioni. ficials know what is in the ing the material even though - and other matters relating toi classified files and how it is it may not answer his question. identified. Outsiders can guess - the nation's military and for- - eign policies. I In an interview on results ,1 of . the Presidential edict, Prof. ) Lloyd C. Gardiner, chairman of lued classification, hinder ac- agree in writing to assume any : the history department at Rut-icess to old papers on defense costs entailed in identification gers University, said that "for, and foreign policy, it has been and location of the material and misdirection, subterfuge andicharged. Some of these off i- security review. ? circumlocution there has beenlcials relate prestige and the in- The average citizen and most' nothing like this bureaucratic,portance of their jobs to the ?performance since the old-fash-'volume of secret information news media consider this cost ioned shell game." Professor Gardner, who has been trying for nearly 10 years to obtain State Department pa- pers on the origins of the Ko- rean war, has also been a lead- ing critic before Congressional committees of efforts to devise received the Legion of Merit for quested declassification of the . a secrecy classification sys_ his work on strategic planning material presumably containing tern by Executive order. for the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the answers. All together, 55 Future Effect Seen requests went to five Federal told the House panel that i. Pentagon clssification was or- agencies. Those in charge of carrying dered for a variety of reasons ' out the President's order say it th ,other than e legitimate one of D Three weeks later the State will have a greater effect in preventing information from have concluded that your re- years to come as more papers falling into the hands of a p0- quest does not describe the records you seek with sufficient particularity to enable the de- partment to identify them, and that as described, they cannot Balked by Officials , at what is there and provide Officials' attitudes, as much approximate dates. But to start as the rules permitting contin- the process the outsider mus coming across their desks, ac- prohibitive. . cording to testimony before the The Washington bureau of House Subcommittee on Free?The New York Times, within a dem of Information, week of the effective date of Rear Adm. Gene R. La the President's order, submitted Rocque, who retired from the 31 foreign policy questions to Navy after 31 years and who the State Department and re- are brought under review and new restrictions inhibit the use ? of secrecy labels. To Professor Gardner, how- ever, "the brightest prospect is civilians in their own service; be obtained with a reasoname other. In short, if the Govern- that Congress will put an end from civilians in the Defense amoent of effort." to secret et pipov red igiirRefielaserrial/03,104 ?.,Icikftiapamitpoo what it says and a% out in legislation what material' from the Congress." He said tential enemy. He listed among the other reasons: "To keep it from the other military services: from STATINTL 500014 so say- ministrative o d .rs and spell Department an , course, ted eight requests on eune Seven have vet to'be answered' can be put under security that many officers regarded with a yes or no. C Approved For Release acilintOatizSATI4606T0-01 2 2 NOV 1372 . With your gun and. drums an rums an . 1 Hurroo, Hurroo With your guns and drums and drums and gunE urroo, urroo..: guns By Kenneth P. O'Donnell A few minutes before President Kennedy was shot in Dallas nine years ago today, two of his traveling companions, Dave Powers and myself, in the motomade close behind his limousine, were saying how happy he seemed that morning. As longtime aides to the President, Dave and I had seen him through many memora- ble days but we never saw him in . better mood than on that trip to Texas. The big worry of his first two years in the. White House?the threat of nuclear war with Russia?was safely behind him. He had decided to pull out of Vietnam. A few days before we went to Texas, Dave and I were talk- ing with him about Vietnam. We .asked how he could make a military withdrawal without losing American prestige in Southeast Asia. His reply, in view of today's withdrawal pains in Saigon, was interesting. "Easy," he said. "Put a government in there that will ask us to withdraw." Thinking of his unserved second term, I often remember a hand-lettered sign of farewell, held up by somebody in? the crowd at Shannon Airport when President Kennedy was ending his memorable visit to Ireland in 1963. The sign said, "Johnny, We Hardly Knew Ye," a line from the old Irish ? folk song. We borrowed the title when we wrote our memories about him. Those memoiies are filled with his ? wry humor. We recall him being questioned by a loyal worker dis- - -mayed by his choice of Lyndon John- son as his Vice-Presidential running- mate. ? "What will I say to all my friends ? in Boston," the lady asked, "when they ask me why you picked Johnson?" ? Kennedy smiled, and said, "Pretend you know something they don't know." During the summit meeting in Vi- . enna, we sat at a ,window in the American Embassy ? residence, watch- ing Khrushchev argue With Kennedy *in the garden below. Khrtishchev was snapping at him like a terrier, while the President remained unperturbed. Powers said io the President later, "You seemArpiCOVOCI1 FatteRe i? was giving you a hard time out there." From Irish folk song,"johnny,We Hardly Knew Ye." "What -did you 'expect me to do?" Kennedy said. "Take off one of my shoes and hit him over the head with it?" Kennedy, and all Of the Boston Irishmen on his White House staff, . were surprised when Henry Cabot Lodge, our old Yankee Brahmin polit- ical adversary from Massachusetts, was suggested by Dean Rusk for the Ambassador's post in Saigon. The President told us that he decided to approve the appointment partly be- cause the idea of getting Lodge mixed no in such a hopeless, mess as the big one in Vietnam was irsresistible. Lodge was a bit too stiffly patrician for Kennedy's taste and Richard Nixon was not classy enough. When we watched Lodge with Nixon on tele- vision, accepting the Vice-Presidential nomination at the 1960 Republican Convention, Kennedy said to us, "That's the last Nixon will see of Lodge. If Nixon ever tries to visit the Lodges at their house in Beverly, they won't let him in the door." . During the same convention, Ken- nedy watched Nixon accepting ac- claim from the delegates, turned away from the TV screen with a grimace, and said, "If I have to stand up before a crowd and wave both of my arms above my head like that in order to become President of the United States, I'll never make it." ? President Kennedy made his most courageous decision when he received the news of the failure of the C.I.A.-_ sponsored invasion of Cuba by a forceV of Cuban rebels at the Bay of _Pigs. He had approved the plan with one stipulation ? under no circumstances could any U.S. military forces join in combat. Both the Joint Chiefs of Staff and the C.I.A. then urged him to send in U.S. Marines and Navy jets from the nearby carrier Essex to help the out-' numbered invaders. He said that he preferred the embarrassment of defeat ? to ordering a military attack by the United States against a small and. independent government. "I'll take all the blame for it," he told the generals. Publicly the President took the full responsibility for the Bay of Pigs dis- aster. But later he learned that the C.I.A. had assured the Cuban rebel ? leaders that they would be getting strong U.S. military support.- That led him to a bitter conclusion. Dave Powers remembers the Pres- ident saying at the time, while they were swimming one day in the White House pool, "They couldn't believe I wouldn't panic and try to save my own face. Well, they had me figured wrong." The Bay of Pigs experience made President Kennedy leery of military advice for the rest of his time in of- fice. "If it wasn't for the Bay of Pigs," he said to us later, "I might have sent Marines into Laos in 1961, as a lot of people around here wanted me to do." Nov. 22, 1963 began as a wonderful day for all of us but by 12:30 all our lives were darkened. s Kenneth P. O'Donnell, a member of President Kennedy's staff, is co-author with David P. Powers and Joe Mc- Carthy of "Johnny, We Hardly Knew Ye." lease 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 STATINTL Approved For Release 20W41616476eR13P80-01601 !DAVID BRAA TEN . The Massachusetts ?'uesti6 n ? The question, of course, is .how long the United States can ? tolerate the existence of Mas- sachusetts, with its alien phi- ?losophy, less than 90 miles from New York City, and re- portedly even closer to Rhode Island and Connecticut. While President Nixon has ? had no difficulty renewing his ? summit contacts with Moscow and Peking, relations with the -Bay State have deteriorated steadily since the election. The first of 'many skyjack- Ings, it will be recalled, came early on the morning of Nov. 8, when a group of wild-eyed, long-haired youths wearing McGovern buttons seized the New York shuttle 15 minutes :out of Washington and forced the pilot to fly ? to Logan Air- port in East Boston. There, according to foreign news dis- patches, the AlcGovernites were given a hero's welcome and immediately granted asy- lum. (Everyone agrees that the natives ? despite a serious language barrier ? treated the hijacked passengers with What passes for politeness in Massachusetts. "They just stared at us," reported an Al- exandria, Va., housewif e, "and scratched their heads and said, 'Ey-up' to all our . questions." Still, there were a few nervous moments when airport militia discovered a "Nixon, Now More Than ?Ever" sticker on a Chevy Chase attorney's briefcase. After questioning, however, he was released in time to catch the flight out with the rest of the Americans.) It is pretty well agreed that the low point . -in 'U.S.- Massachusetts relations was reached with the disastrous in- vasion attempt by the Cabot- Lowell Brigade. After inten- sive preparation at training camps in Newport and Block Islan d, the Cabot-Lowells sailed into Boston Harbor (renamed, in their honor, the Bay of Prigs) and landed in South Boston. . It had been hoped that the -blue-collar Irish ethnics would rise up and join in the pro- posed takeover, but the Irish, as usual, were confused. Un- der the impression that the invaders were Italians from the North End, they swarmed out of their saloons bellowing their ancient battle hymn ("Southie's My Home Towwwwn!") and, armed with little more than broken Narra- gansett beer bottles, rushed to the defense of their property values and quickly routed the Cabot-Lowells. In the series of investiga- tions that followed, it devel- oped that intelligence opera- tions, supposedly the responsi- bility of the CIA, had somehow been delegated to the Harvard Alumni Association. In addi- tion, communications within the invading task force had been hopelessly inadequate, for while the Cabots spoke to the Lowells, the Lowells, of course, spoke only to God. As a result, many vital messages were either badly garbled or completely ignored. The Cabot-Lowells, after a brief incarceration on grim, pungent Spectacle Island, were eventually ransomed for 7,500 dune buggies, but much. ill-will remains as a result of the episode. The future is uncertain. De- mands in Congress for a total blockade of Massachusetts have been headed off so far, largely on the grounds that the move would interfere with ski trains that are still, under an old treaty, permitted to transit the state en route to northern New England. Meanwhile, reports that Massachusetts is in the grip of severe famine, its natives subsisting on beans and a thin stew of salt pork, shellfish and boiled potatoes, are discounted by youths just returned from helping to harvest the cranber- ry crop. They report that the population lives on such dis- mal fare by choice, and seems to thrive on it. There are some who believe Massachusetts can be brought back into the United States only by putting Sen. Edward Brooke on the Republican tick- et in 1976, but even this drastic move might not work. The great danger, according' to administration sources, is that the Massachusetts politi- cal virus will prove to be ex- portable to other states, threatening President Nixon's goal of a generation of Repub- licans in the White House. In- deed, Sen. Edward (Che) Ken- nedy is believed to be plotting just such a subversive opera- tion. U2 overflights are keep- ing his hideout in the eastern sand dunes under constant surveillance, and some pro- gram for neutralizing his influ- ence is expected to be worked out within the next three or four years. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 Approved For Release 216/M04 : CIA-RDP8AiiRIZT100500050001-4 NOV 1?72 ? LIFE LETTERS HEROIN AND TUE CIA by Flora Lewis THE POLITICS OF HEROIN IN SOUTH- EAST ASIA by Alfred W. McCoy Harper & Row, $10.95 One fact is beyond dispute: heroin .is flooding into the United States in sufficient quantities to support an ever growing number of addicts. Esti- mates about the drug traffic are unre- liable, but trends are painfully clear in mounting deaths, Young zombies stumbling through city streets., crime to the point of civic terror. There are ? ?said to be some 560.000 addicts in America now, twice the number esti- mated two years ago and ten times the level of 1960. Another fact goes unchallenged: suddenly, in 1970,- high-?...rade pure white heroin, which Americans prefer to the less refined drug more nor- mally consumed by Asians, appeared in plentiful and cheap supply wher- ever there were GI's in Vietnam. The epidemic was a vast eruption. It took. the withdrawal of the troops to douse it, for the fearful flow could not be staunched. Beyond those facts, the sordid story of drug trafficking. has been a shad- owy, elusive mixture of controversial elements. It was obvious that there must, be corruption involved. It was obvious that there must be politics in- volved, if only because the traffic con- tinues to flourish on such a scale de- spite the energetic pronouncements of powerful governments. It takes a map of the whole world to trace the drug net. Since the United States suddenly became aware of the sinister dimen- sions of the plague and President Nixon bravely declared war on drugs (unlike the persistently undeclared war in Indochina), it has been cus- tomary for U.S. officials to pinpoint the .poppy fields of Turkey and the clandestine laboratories of Marseille as the source of most of the American curse. Nobody denied that the bulk of the world's illicit opium (some say 70 percent, some say 50 to 60 percent) is grown in Southeast Asia and partic- ularly in the "golden triangle" of mountains where Burma, Thailand, and Laos meet. But the U.S. govern- ment insisted; and continues to insist in the 11I-page report on the world opium trade published in August, that this supplies natives and seldom enters American veins. Not so, says Alfred W. McCoy, who spent some two years studying the trade. And further, it is certain to become less and less so as measures which the United States demanded in Turkey and France take effect in blocking the old production and smuggling patterns. This is of crucial importance for two reasons. One is that firm establishment of an Asian pattern to America means that the crackdown in Turkey and France will be next to futile so far as availability of heroin in the United States is con- cerned. The second is that focusing attention on Southeast Asia would bring Americans to understand that the "war on drugs" is inextricably in- volved with the Indochina war, and has to be fought on the same battle- ground from which President Nixon assured us he was disengaging "with honor." McCoy, a twenty-seven-year-old Yale graduate student, worked with immense diligence and considerable courage?for the opium trade is dan- gerous business and the combination of opium, politics, and. war can be murderous?to document the facts of the Asian pattern. A good deal of it has been common gossip in tawdry bars of Saigon, Vien- tiane, and Bangkok for years. But the gossip mills of Indochinaare a long way from the streets of Harlem and the high schools of Westchester County. The general knowledge that the rumors reflected is a long way from precise, confirmed detail. So the Asian pattern had 'never come through clearly in the United States. Now, in his book The Politics of Heroin in Southeast Asia, McCoy has set it down. To show how it devel- oped, he had to backtrack. The use of opiates in the United States has a long history. It wasn't until after World War I that widespread oppro- brium. added to growing understand- ing of the dangers, turned the trade into an underworld monopoly. But World War II disrupted the supply routes. Unable to get drugs, Ameri- can addicts were forced to quit the hard way. The market diminished, and, with a modicum of enforcement effort and international cooperation, might have been wiped out. A single U.S. official act, McCoy believes, turned that chance around and enabled the creation of a world- wide octopus of evil almost beyond Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601 WICHITA, KAN. BEAver 2 3 1973 E - 66,276 Ana Effiffiefienn T Patrick McGarvey, a former Central Intelligence Agency agent, has written a book about his ex-employer. Athong the things his work re- eals about the CIA are these: ? Intelligence bickering near- ly provoked Chinese Communist entry into the Vietnam War in 1966. ? ? ? ? The ill-fated Pueblo mission and capture by North Korea was unnecessary since all the targets it was working against were ah ready adequately covered by other intelligence sources. ? ' Unlike some other critics of the CIA, McGarvey, a veteran of 14 years in intelligence work, he does not try to expose the CIA, but ? rather hopes to shed light on the myth that the CIA "is an ? efficient, well-run machine ca- pable of almost any act of in- trigue." - Instead, he said, the agency is an "hisufferable bureaucratic morass with little or no direction, ? . sorely heeding drastic change." One ?heeds only to recall the Bay of Pigs fiasco and the intel- ligence goof-ups of the Vietnam war to conclude that he probably is right. McGarvey does not advocate dismantling the CIA; it would be foolhardy to do so in a world governed by countries who spy on one another and plot one in- trigue after another. , ? So, it is essential that we keep a Central Intelligence Agency. But if we are going to have one, we ought to try to make it an efficient one. That probably will require an investigation, and that won't be easily done because of the .secre- cy that surrounds the organiza- tion. Congress often is unable to get any information on the oper- ation of the CIA. The President should appoint a select committee to look into the nation's ?entire intelligence network. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 Approved For ReliffeagalN/G924 :_ClApP8 posT p imAC 8 oct 1972 I 000 eocTigg (-)By Bob Woodward moaned E. Howard Hunt. Then he muttered "no comment" and slammed down the phone. It was a balmy spring day, June 19, 1972. And Hunt, the former CIA operative and White House consultant, had just been informed that his name and home telephone number were in the address books of two of the five men arrested two days earlier at the Democrats' Watergate headquar- ters. For Hunt that phone call, that rare June day, that sudden exclamation must now be an espe- cially bitter memory. It was, apparently, the first he knew of any public connection between him and the Watergate bugging; three months later he was indicted by a federal grand jury for playing a part in that alleged conspiracy. By then he had lost his jobs, been hounded by photographers and reporters, been the object of considerable unkind speculation and joking, been plastered across front pages. He was, in short, suffering the woes common to Washington figures caught up in the furies of a political scandal. If for no other reason, the sheer inelegance, the slipshod quality of the break-in and its aftermath must have rankled Hunt be- cause, on the surface at least, he has a lot of daz- zle?as do the heroes of his 40-plus novels, many of which are tales of suspense and spying. Now, associated not with a coup but with a calamity he has emerged reluctantly into the harsh limelight; he came out of a session of early testimony be- hind shades and beneath a straw hat, looking more like a Florida motel manager thana superspy. But he has remained in many respects?as he wished?a Mystery Man, a Gatsby of the cloak- and-walkie-talkie set. . ? After Hunt's name was linked with the sus- pects, he abruptly dropped from sight. At one point 150 FBI agents were reliably reported to be searching for him here and abroad. In July he re-surfaced and appeared before the grand jury. Repeated attempts to reach him di- rectly or through his lawyer (William 0. Bittman, a former justice Department attorney who suc- cessfully prosecuted former Teamster chief James Hoffa) have been unsuccessful. As of this writing in mid-September, Howard Hunt has maintained his no-comment posture? unflinchingly. Bob Woodward is a writer on the Metropolitan staff of The Washington Post Approved For Release 2 STATI NTL Just a Few Facts Everett Howard Hunt Jr. is 54 years old. He lives in a $125,000 house in Potomac, Maryland. He is the father of four. He smokes a pipe. He is an only child. He plays jazz on the piano. He attended Brown University, graduating with a B.A. in 1940. He served in the U.S. Navy during World War II and was decorated. The CIA acknowledges that he was in their employ from 1949 until 1970. Be- fore the Watergate affair he was a $100-a-day White House consultant and a writer for the pub- lic relations firm of Robert R. Mullen & Co. Today he is neither. An unloaded .25 caliber pistol was- found by Federal investigators in his desk at the. White House. Friends call him urbane and witty. The Past "Someone would mention a country abroad, almost any country,and then Howard would start his 'I-served-there' routine." ?A Friend According to Who's Who, Hunt serv- ed: Paris,attache American embassy, 1948-49; Vi- enna, 1949-50; Mexico City, 1950-53; The Far East, Uruguay, and the Defense Department as a consultant. "Howard always brought up the CIA, recalls the 'friend.' "He was fascinated with his association with them and would bring it up in any conversation. He was never important at the CIA. He was neve,r able to do all the things he thought up. I recall once he got down to the issue. Someone was talking about the slowness of government and Howard perked up. He said the CIA used to have guts but then it got bureaucratic and hierarchical. The CIA, he said, has lost its guts and that's too bad. "Well," the friend continued, "I take that to mean they became responsible and wouldn't let him run wild." (Atypically harsh comment from former Hunt friends with a stake in remaining po- litically alive.) What was Hunt doing in all those places? A State Department spokesman was asked if the embassy jobs and that title "consultant" had any- thing to do with a CIA cover. "You'd never get me to say that out loud, but that's the net effect," the spokesman replied. According to Hunt's associates, Hunt was a po- litical conservative with right wing leanings. The New York Times went so far as to quote sources who said that Hunt, using the code name "Eduardo," was in charge of the abortive Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961. This is just not so, according to government sources and friends. Hunt was never really in charge of much, they STATI NTL STATI NTL ?:u4,00,Vggitt 16wctub50001 -4 Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01 TF1E NATION 25 Sept 1972 ZEALOTS FOR NIXON (74f.oru. r7 '-7 Z\ 67 (Li nOEEEIT Washington "Now this is the kind of thing you expect under a person like Hitler." ?Sen. George McGovern Operating within the Republican Party is a relatively un- controlled group of right wingers, the ideological heirs of the Joseph McCarthy Death's Head units (Totenkopfver- blinde) of the mid-1950s and of Goldwater's ill-fated. Putsch in 1964. They do influence policy at the highest levels, but they have recently become much more restless and much more frantic to widen their sphere of influence - as they unhappily .watch President Nixon venturing off to Peking and Moscow and taking actions that they hardly recognize as coming from the Dick they thought they knew, but now aren't so sure. They operate along the fine edge of fanaticism, and as is always the case in such an environment they sometimes fall off, not only to their embarrassment but to the extreme embarrassment of the very person they most want to influence. Such an event occurred in unforgettable style in the early morning hours, ,beginning between 2 A.M. and 2;30 A.M. on June 17, in what is known as "The Night of the Corporals" (Nacht der Korporalen). At about that hour the Washington police cornered five men inside the Democratic National Committee headquar- ters in the Watergate office building. They might have claimed they had come by to see 'former Chairman Lawrence O'Brien during the day and, falling asleep, had been locked in by mistake; but it's not likely that that story Would have gone over with the cops, since the five were wearing surgeons' rubber gloves, were weighted down with eavesdropping equipment and burglary tools, and were armed with Mace. They also carried fifty-three $100 Vbals?which, the experts say, is the denomination favored by the CIA in financing its covert operations. Diligent newsmen later discovered that the five intruders were in fact only part of a group?the others got away? who bad been flown in. from Miami, whisked in a 1972 Chrysler to luxurious quarters in the Watergate Hotel and fed an elegant lobster dinner before being put to their Spionieren inside Democratic headquarters. The com- mon denominator of the group was Cuba. Each of the Jive reportedly had been involved in some way in the disastrous Bay of Pigs invasion of 1961. Two of the intrud- ers are worth special attention. ? i. Approved For Release 2001/03/04 STATI NTL C1771171; \77,7 r'r ,r 1 y1'470 C:T3c, -;31 L.> 11.3 \./1/ ,1)22.1) C&C,Z.,. .4 - James W. McCord, 53, Texan, Baptist, Air Force re- serve colonel, and for nineteen years an employee of the IA before?the agency claims?he left it in 1970. Mc- Cord was security consultant to the Republican National Committee and to the Committee to Re-elect the President, . the latter hiring him last January at a take-home salary of $1,209 a month. He had an office in the committee's. headquarters at 1701 Pennsylvania Avenue, kittycomer from the White House. Colonel McCord's Air Force reserve assignment (which they claim he quit four months ago) was to a special, secret fifteen-man squad which spent its time making. up a list of "radicals" who presumably would be put in "camps" in the event of war; the unit also set up plans for censoring news and mail, and in other ways suppressing dissent during the next war. Tad Szulc of The New York Thnes reported that tv,,O of the Watergate intruders were known to have connec- tions with an extremist right-wing group of Cuban ex- patriates known as the-"Ex-Combatientes Cubanos de Fort Jackson," about 800 strong, some of whom are committed to "direct action to combat what they viewed as left-wing causes in the United States." Szulc's sources also told him that these right-wing Cuban nuts had "some contact" with the military reserve unit to which McCord had at one time belonged. :The second of the Watergate Five worth special ncitice is Bernard L Barker, 55, an American citizen born and raised in Cuba who served with Castro's forces before the revolution came to a head, but later fell out with the Cuban Prime Minister and moved to the United States; reputedly, he was the CIA's finance officer (Schatzmeister) in the Bay of Pigs organization, and since 1961 has been on the CIA's payroll. In an interview with Walter Rugaber of The New York Times (September 12) Barker portrayed himself as motivated by patriotism, not profit, and re- peatedly stressed his fortitude under interrogation. Haying resisted Nazi coercion (a bombardier in World War II, he was shot down over enemy territory), Barker expressed confidence in his ability to withstand American methods of questioning. Indeed, he so preened himself on his taciturnity under duress,. agreeing proudly with Rugaber that he is no "squealer," that one is forced to the con- clusion that he is choking back information that would rock the country and shatter the. GOP. Two of the Watergate Five were carrying little address books in which appeared the name E. Howard Hunt, Jr., and after it the notation "W. House" in one 41 book and "W.H." in the other. Could that W., by any chance,. stand for White? For twenty-one years, from 1949 to 1970, Hunt had been with the CIA?he was another of the key organizers of the Bay of Pias thing, A-RDP8o41actiRt000600:0900111.-4ie then "Continued STATI NTL THE WASHINGTON OBSERVER NEWSLETTER Approved For Release 2001/03/0411tCi4RDP80-01601 Assm r ./ Amyl On April 15,1972, WO predicted that "Teddy LEGACY Kennedy would remain on the sidelines during the coming Presidential Election, regardless whether the Democratic Convention in Miami will want to draft him or not." WO continued: "Back in 1963 shortly after President Kennedy's assassination, Robert F. Kennedy, while be was still Attorney General, conducted his own investi- gation of the death of his brother. That private in- vestigation, which ran parallel with the official inquiry into the magnicide conducted by the War- ren Commission, was featured by trips to this country by an Inspector Hamilton, former Chief Inspector of Scotland Yard, Hamilton. . . had been retained by Bobby to help unravel the real truth about the murder of JFK. . . . Hamilton zeroed on the fact that the assassination of John Kennedy had occurred very shortly after his brother Bobby' had made some preliminary moves of taking direct, personal control of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency, whose leadership be blamed for the Bay of Pigs fiasco. Hamilton, following the `etii pro- dest' ('whom does it benefit?') reasoning, reached the conclusion that Bobby's move to seize control of the CIA had something to do With murder of The Soviet KGB and the CIA both conduct schools for assassins and frequently complement each other, as in the instance of ale Guevara where the KGB set up the Argentine-born revolu- tionist for the CIA to ambush him. WO on June 15, 1968, reporting on the Guevara assassination, stated: "the killing was done by agents of our own Central Intelligence Agency, sometimes called 'Murder Unlimited' . . . Guevara was 'fingered' for the CIA by the Soviet police ( KGB)." The equally murderous Israeli secret political police *are also specialists in political homicide and frequently work in cooperation with CIA and KGB. The public opinion polls have constantly indi- cated that Kennedy could defeat Nixon. In the interim between now and 1976 Teddy intends to ingratiate himself with both Moscow and Tel Aviv, and be the anointed Communiit- Zionist successor of Nixon in the White House. tis elder brother.. . . Teddy has become convince of the correctness of Hamilton's conclusion, and, furthermore, considers it to have been further \ in- dicated by Bobby's own death?which occurred STAT I NTL within a matter of days after be threw his bat into the presidential ring and was on the way to putting himself in the position to take over the free- spending, powerful cloak-and-dagger agency." When in the spring the Presidential campaigns of Muskie and Humphrey faltered, Teddy Ken- nedy weakened under pressure and permitted his cohorts to stealthily start his Presidential cam- paign, but was abruptly stopped by the attempted assassination of George Wallace. The Wallace as- sassination plot followed almost exactly the pattern of the Kennedy assassinations. Teddy was scared. He told his courtiers to desist from all efforts to secure his presidential nomi- nation, but to continue bluffing that he was po- tentially available in order that be could exercise more power at the National Convention. Teddy wanted McGovern nominated because he was the weakest candidate, most likely to be de- feated and thus leave the door wide open for Teddy in 1976. Teddy knew that both Soviet Russia nd Israel are anxious to have Nixon re-elected and that any candidate who would seriously jeopardize Nixon's re-election is in mortal danger. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 THE WASHINGTON OBSERVER NEWSLETTER Approved For Release 2bbigiO4/012r2CIA-RDP80-01 eral John M. Mitchell immediately after the 1 rea1-1 A President Nixon's business b k-in? Vi LA Witks5iii k partner and personal friend, Despite his involvement in the much publicized /111T,rtfrivrrTi Cuban "Bebe" Rebozo is mi- burglary, bugging and wiretapping of the Demo- plicated - in the Watergate cratic National Committee headquarters, White caper, according to Cuban exile sources. Report- House Special Counsel to the President, Charles edly the Democratic organization had a damaging W. ("Chuck") Colson, is still held in high esteem investigation file on the Nixon-Rebozo business by President Nixon; be accompanies Nixon on his partnership; also, the Democrats have acquired frequent trips as an adviser, along with Henry new evidence on the ITT scandal and inside in- A. Kissinger. formation on the Nixon-Mitchell law firm?am- The Justice Department, which is supposedly munition that Democratic strategists intended to prosecuting five men in connection with the drop as bombshell in the campaign. This was the alleged electronic bugging incident at the Demo- / .urgency that prompted James W. McCord, Jr., cratic headquarters ? in the Watergate Building chief security coordinator of both the Republican assigned a lawyer from its Civil Division to defend National. Committee and the Committee to Re- "Chuck" Colson in a civil suit stemming out of the elect the President, to personally participate in case. Government attorney Irwin. Goldbloom was the Watergate burglary? he did not trust his assigned by Attorney General Richard G. Klein- Cuban cohorts to steal such highly incriminating dienst to represent Colson and Alfred Wong, a documents?they might be tempted to peddle their special agent of the U.S. Secret Service, who bad wares to the highest bidder. recommended James W. McCord, former CIA of- Friends of McCord say that there was a double- ficial, to the position of security chief of the Com- cross, at the White House level. Two Democrat mittee for the Re-Election of the President. stool pigeons were planted on the staff of the (McCord was one of the five men arrested in the Cornmittee to Re-elect the President, but enemies Watergate break-in). Ironically, a Federal judge of "Chuck" Colson in the 'White House were the appointed by Nixon, Charles R. Richey, ruled that real culprits who put the finger on the Watergate the justice Department attorney, Goldbloom, operation according to persons now under inten- could not represent Colson since the latter was sive ?investigation in connection with the caper. obviously implicated in the Watergate caper. Frank Fiorini, alias Frank Sturgis, who was one While he was forced by law to make this ad- of the five arrested at the Watergate, was for 20 verse ruling against the Nixon Administration, years a confidential informant of columnist jack Judge Richey did so with misgivings, and is doing Anderson. He kept Anderson advised on the ac- the best he can to protect Richard Nixon. He has tivities of the several rival Cuban exile groups. taken the unusual step of sealing the transcriptions Thus far Anderson has been strangely quiet about of the depositions in the civil action instituted by the Watergate incident. Larry O'Brien, former Democratic National Com- As of now it appears that the Nixon Administra_ mittee Chairman, until after the election in No- , / tion is going to make E. Howard Hunt, Jr., and vember. He is also stalling the current grand jury V G. Gordon Liddy scapegoats in the case. Liddy, proceedings relative to the Watergate incident. a former FBI agent, who was working as financial A former high CIA official, Tom Braden, who counsel for the Finance Committee to Re-elect now writes a syndicated newspaper column, says: the President, was fired by former Attorney Gen- "Mr. Colson is Mr. Nixon's man of the sword; that is to say be has replaced Murray Chotiner as Mr. Nixon's principal exponent of dirty tricks. It is worth noting that at the very moment when Colson was being mentioned in the press in con- nection with the wiretapping incident at the Democratic National Committee, he was also being mentioned in the press as one of. those who traveled back. to Washington with the President on the trip home from San Clemente. STAT I NTL "Whether the President chose to have Colson with him because he likes his company or whether he decided that it might cast more suspicion upon Colson if Colson were suddenly dropped from esideatiaLmtouraae is a question which Approved For Release 2001/00-1*NP w W -iggCISHAPQ0500tite . C CC '?? that Colson is slated for the boondocks sooner - continued STATI NTL Approved For Release FOREIGN POLICY AND PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGNS by Stephen Hess ?Nn1 t ou can say all you want about foreign affairs, but what is really important is the price of hogs in Chicago and St. Louis," said the Governor of Illinois, William G. Stratton. The setting for the Governor's remark was a post-midnight meeting in the suite of Richard Nixon at the Sheraton-Blackstone Hotel. Only hours before, the delegates to the 1960 Republican National Convention in 'Chicago had unanimously chosen Nixon as their Presidential nominee and the candidate had now summoned 36 party elders to advise him on choosing a running mate. Ultimately Nixon rejected Stratton's advice and picked Henry Cabot Lodge, whose face was known to millions of American television viewers as their country's chief spokesman at the United Nations for nearly eight years. In explaining his decision, Nixon commented, "If you ever let them [the Democrats] cam- paign only on domestic issues, they'll beat us?our only hope is to keep it on foreign policy." Nixon has not been the only candidate to be confronted with the conventional wisdom about what is the relative effectiveness of foreign and domestic issues in Presidential campaigns. Barry Goldwater in 1964 dis- patched an aide to Chicago to discuss a forth- coming speech with Charles Barr, "a signif- itant force in Illinois politics." Barr, according to speechwriter Karl Hess, was concerned "that Goldwater was not talking about the pocketbook issues which, in the minds of most political pros, are the only ones that really swing votes." Nevertheless, Hess pre- .1 0 fRY ? 0 A ? a uIA-RDP80-01601 STAT I NTL dieted that the speech "would contain .some comments on foreign policy." Barr's reply, "angry and loud," was "You Goddamn Boy Scouts are going to ruin everything."2 ? Ironically for Richard Nixon, 1960 was the only election since 1952 in which foreign policy did not play the dominant role. For the evidence strongly suggests that?contrary to the belief of many observers?foreign policy has been dominant in four of the last five . Presidential campaigns, and will be a major issue in 1972. This election, of course, pits a man who rose to national prominence through his ? steadfast opposition to the Vietnam war against a man whose overriding interests and achievements have been in foreign policy, and who will undoubtedly campaign on the "generation of peace" theme; Nixon stressing his record and highlighting his Moscow and Peking trips while trying to defuse Vietnam, and McGovern stressing his opponent's un- fulfilled pledge to bring the war to an honor- able conclusion. Reinforcing McGovern is the fact that, unlike 1968, opposition to the war is now a unifying issue among Democrats and thus becomes a rallying point for a party seeking to heal the self-inflicted wounds of the pre-convention period. Reinforcing Nixon's position is the control the President can exercise over events in the international arena, including the possibility that he might manage to undercut the Democrats totally on the Vietnam issue. While foreign policy has been the dominant issue in four of the last five elections and is likely to dominate again this year, there are several important additional observations that must be made: 1. We have not witnessed serious, responsible debate on foreign policy during the Presi- dential campaigns; 2. The American voter is not particularly knowledgeable about foreign policy issues; 3. The electorate's interest in foreign policy 'Carleton Kent and Joseph Albright. Chicago Sun- 'Karl Hess. In A Cause That Will Triumph (New Times, July 29, 1960. York: Doubleday te Company. Inc., 1967). pp. 21-23. continued STAT I NTL Approved For Release 2001/03/04 :.CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 Approved For Release . 2001103/0 TiaN-16P80-01 T..rr,r.ii7.:.7` L:7*:"C! .4."7. ..-n..k.iT . 2 5 SEP 1972 favorite targets. In one CIA documentary the film opens with a shot .of a woman holding her "It is even said that one of the presidential I hands over her breasts ? -whatever that sig,ni- candidates is in favor of lifting - the blocl.aue lies. against Cuba," Castro told cheering "25th o;H ..The film cites the CIA involvement in the, July" crowds. But objecting .to the Democratic 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion and then charges Old' party platform, Castro said, "At the same time , it was stipulated that Cuba cannot become a , .,..: CIA was also responsible for the murder last Soviet military base." ? , year of Chile's Army commander, Gen. Rene We would like to tell those gentlemen, for a ? Schenider. Always, the CIA is depicted by a starter, that in our territory, -.?;e do as we damn mysterious spider web, rats, or . other evil- please!" looking animals. But the sympathy towards McGovern, prH Cubans are barraged by similar propaganda ticularly among young people who privately in other mediums. A recent red-banner yearn for a political change, is marked. , , headline across the top. of Cuba's only official A recent newspaper cartoon sympatheticall newspaper, Granma, carried the message, -"A depicted a donkey standing on his hind legs- new record for aerial escalation by the Nixon holding a sign that read "donations for the administration: 39 attacks." - election campaign" and a tin cup, that read- As in every article mentioning him, the "Democrats." . name of the President is given a vicious twist, Cubans consider themselves very much dropping the "x" and 'replacing it with a Nazi part of the American community of nations, swastika. News programs begin every evening despite the fact that they have been Ler with a special five-minute film allegedly outside the Organization of American Stair-, depicting U. S. "warplanes" destroying Viet- which voted. to impose trade sanctions ei-i? nam. . .. years ago. Another recent front-page article carried the 'A large brightly-lit neon sign in downtowr news of the space astronauts postage stamp Havanna reads, "What is Cuban history .if no exploits, under the headline "The First Moon the history of the Americas?" An. 'Americe4 Swindle." The text began, "The United States flag is even marched with all Latin American has achieved another space goal with exclusive flags during official parades. The last dcrnors characteristics for the present and the future. stration in front of the barricaded U.S. einbaes: "American astronauts have successfully building, noW home . for the Swiss consulatb, staged the first smuggle between the Earth and was in 1969, after a group of Cuban fishinj the Moon. .Of course, it's not a 'mafia-type' boats was seized by a Cuban exile group. crime. It's much simpler. In the space flights, The Voice of America radio station ' ij - NASA always sends envelopes with cancelled capably jammed but Cubans can receive- stamps. After the astronauts return, the U. S. number of stations in Florida, only 90 mile government presents them as gifts to politi- away, including a Miami station that broad clans and foreign dignitaries as a form of casts almost exclusively professional U: S propaganda and bribe, a very subtle bribe." - baseball games, Cuba's favorite sport. The article left the strong impression that instead of coming clean before they were found Despite the "no compromise" diplomatipostures that both the U.S. and Cuban gce.Teri, out, the astronauts only admitted their guiltm ' ent have adopted both sides are quietl and returned the remaining envelopes after beginning to grant visas to some types c NASA officials had discovered the truth. visitors. A group of American scientists wer Even cartoons are not exempt. Cuba's e in July to attend an oceanographi answer to "Dennis the Menace" called "Mato- permittedconference in Cuba and this month two U. !. jo," is depicted in a recent humor magazine sugar experts reportedly has granted visas to firing a toy machine gun outside his living number of Cuban physicists to visit Washingto room window. "Pum, porn, pum, porn." later this month for an international confei 'Don't make so much noise," his mother ence sponsored by the National Academy c says. -Science. . Jumping up and down with arms out- There is even an unconfirmed report thr stretched, Matojo shouts, ''I shot them down. 1 -Cuba is building a new hotel at Cienfuegos .fc shot them down." "What did you shoot down?," the purpose of inviting the children of Cuba his mother asks. "I'm a North Vietnamese , exiles in the United -States who were 16 c guerrilla and I shot down a yankee plane,' under when they left Cuba to return for a on Matojo responds. The centerfold cutout was a month, expense paid visit, with guarantee red Vietnamese style hat. "safe conduct" back to the United States. . Perhaps the most striking thing about talk- Fidel Castro once said that Cuba log to hundreds of Cubans is that despite the . for their wei. e not responsible r tneir a, heavy .dose of propaganda, there is a.tremen- dous reservoir of friendship for the United tions and therefore could return to Cuba to se the "revolutionary gains." The obvious hope ' States. that a few will decide to stay behind.. In part this is due to a Cuban government ,g1wcia1 Report E: A '? A TV!?hil nArlerlOap .11 ? ? k, Fzi rz :11 TI'M167--.1 0.9111 111 q ;::-... ? _,.. kt_A, ,s j .,.,1_,,, it.,,,,..... ..kiA, Fi A. 0 11 zi:ECI P--v14-917trip0'41q T 71 r',4-71-13 5._ ...?.: 11....:-47.1 '4...A.1, ?; "0- zt.: ? ? Editor's . Note: The Cuban people are fed a particular image of the United States by some gifted political propagandists. After a month on Castro's island, correspondent Wallach pro- vides an inside look at the anti-American bar- rage in this, the seventh of 12 exclusive arti- cles. ? - By JOIIN P. WALLACH News American Washington Bureau A machine gunner pops out of the multi- tiered wedding cake at Luci Baines Johnson's nuptials and mows down the White House guests. Nazi firing squads .punctuate every :clause of Martin. Luther, 1:ing's "I Have A Dream" speech with. a Volley of rifle shots. _ A bad dreami Someone's perverse ballu- ' .eiliations? No They are scenes from "LBJ," rent "Clonimentary" ? directed by one of the world's best carnermen and most powerful political propagandists, Santiago Alvarez. His newsreels are screened in schools, on television and often precedine the main feature in almost every commercial theater in Havana. "1.11J" alines that the murders of - Presi- dent John F. Kennedy and his brother, Robert, as well as the assassination of Martin Luther 'King were part of a conspiracy somehow in- volving President Johnson. In a clever pastiche of actual footage,- the former chief executive is depicted playing with a rifle at his Texas ranch after newsreels shots of each assassination and funeral procession. ? "Hate is a good things," Alvarez contended In an interview, "because by channeling your emotions you avoid other crimes. I have too much hate in myself, hut when you see children burned with napalm with your own eyes, how can anyone be immune to hate?" . -When this correspondent scarcastically congratulated Alvarez on his success in con- veying hatred, he equipped, "That's wonderful, I'm completely happy that my hate is useful for something." But he denied his films were pro- - paganda warfare.. . "When I make a film I make a film. When I shoot a gun, I shoot a.gun. If the enemy ap- proaches while I -am filming in Vietnam and I and fighting with a gun, 1'11 abandon the film. That's how I feel." . His upcoming projects include an animated documentary depicting Mickey Mouse being machine-gunned as he disembarks in Vietnam and another ridiculing Tarzan by juxtaposing footage of native Africans dancing with what policy of always distinguishing between the - Alvarez considers racist treatment of, Africans Nixon administration,- constantly compared to . ? .He ?is in Tarzan films. "demystifying" the heroes (he has Hitler, and the "good". American people. One of already "executed" Superman) who he con- those who has recently made it in the latter category is Sen. George McGovern, the Demo- YieTlasneck0a;FIRMINec2004103104450-11A-RDP80-01601R0005000500014 The Central Intelligence Agency is one of J people. ? 1. Approved For Release 20011/031/04s'ICIAS-ZWCT-6160 20 SEP 1,972 By JEREMIAH O'LEARY Star?News Staff Writer ? The others call Bernard L. Barker, one-time .U.S. Air - Force Captain, CIA operative and Cuban policeman, "Ma- cho," a word which means he- man in Spanish and is reserv- ed for strong and respected figures. . Barker at 55 is balding, bes- pectacled and running to thickness in the waist and he does not project the gladiator magnetism of his muscular follower, Frank Sturgis, the tough ex-Marine from Edson's Raiders and Cuban gun- running days. Howeve r, Barker, soft- voiced but decisive, projects an image of dominance when he is among the other Miami- based defendants in the Water- gate case. Barker does not growl or shout orders at his group ? Sturgis, Eugenio Martinez and Virgilio R. Gon- zalez ? but they defer to him. The association of the four emerged, in several hours of conversation here yesterday, as easy and relaxed: But, when the group walked togeth- er, the other three almost au- tomatically fell a pace or two behind Barker. .Dates on His Daughter From previous interviews, Barker has become fairly well known, at least as a personali- ty: an anti-Castro activist, for- mer operative for the CIA, half-Cuban American whose own appraisal of himself al- most reaches the super- patriot. He also is a family man who confesses openly to being .in love with his wife of 27 years, Clara, who dotes on his daugh- ter, Maria Elena Moffett of Alexandria, Va. ? Sturgis, and, in particular, , Martinez and Gonzalez, are al- most unknown to the public except as portrayed in police mug-shots after the Watergate incident and the TV film seg- ments as they enter and leave courthouses. Gonzalez, 45,. a Cuban-born locksmith, is a smiling little man with a sense of humor and an unshakeable belief in the efficacy of firepower. He was a body guard to Cuban President Grah San Martin in the old pre-Castro days. Yesterday, he was carrying a brief-case the size of an - overnight bag for attorney Henry Rothblatt and he re- called that when he was a ?guardia de espakia" (Body- guard in Cuba) he used to car- ry a submashine gun in just such a bag. Consummate Retainer Ile waved off a proferred flame from a Zippo and used his own match, because, he said, he once had a larger mustache and burned much of it off with a cigarette lighter. Gonzalez lagged behind the rest of the group, including Rothblatt and Maria Elena, as we walked several blocks to a ? courthouse area restaurant for lunch. . "I like to look at the backs of my friends," Gonzales said,smiling at his small joke. More seriously while talking about guns, he remembered that in Cuba a policeman could shoot anybody and never ,face any kind of inquiry. Essentially, he comes through as a man of more loy- alty than conviction, the con- summate retainer, a doer of tasks without deep delibera- tion. One senses that Gonzalez regards Barker as his "pa- . tron" and NVould follow him without question. Martinez, 49, is a gray, jib tense in an of obvious intelli- gence who articulates well. He is a real-estate salesman for Barker's Miami business, and once- had a CIA association in smuggling refugees out of Cuba. Where Barker is eelf- contained, and Sturgis is flip- pantly defiant, and Gonzalez twinkles over his own jokes, Martinez is intense and hot- eyed. -He feels deeply the plight of Cuba under Castro and the basic disinterest of North Americans in hat is hap- pening in Latin America. "You people do not pay at- tention to what is happening and you do not see what the Communists are doing down there," Martinez said. He spoke strongly of a need for the Latin peoples to be treated with dignity. Martinez is closest to Barker in revealing that he has an ideology which transcends oth- er aspects of his character. Even on short observation, Martinez clearly seems a man of fierce convictions, carefully . thought out. Where Gonzalez would appear ready to follow any leader he respected, Mar- tinez would have to share the . convictions of that leader. Had Right Answers Sturgis is the most colorful ,of the group Rothblatt calls. "Barker and his boys." He is - a burly, 205-pounder in well- fitted knits and spade-shaped . -sideburns and he looks like what he claims to have once been, a heavy-weight fighter. Born in Norfolk, Va., he changed his name from Fiori- ni to Sturgis. All through the Watergate case,- Stuns has been listed as 37 years of age but yesterday he said he was 43 and had served three years in the Pacific with the Raider Battalion of Col. Red Mike Ed- son. Sturgis rattled off all the right answers about the train- ing of the Raiders n Samoa,. their hard fighting on Guadal- canal where he said he was a Marine corporal, their absorii- lion into the 4th Marine Regi- ment for the invasion of Guam and then into the 6th Marine Divison for the invasion of Okinawa. ? Sturgis cuts an imposing fig- ure, like a muscle man on TV, and walks with a strut. lie smuggled guns for Castro, then switched sides and helped train the Brigade A salto 2505 in Guatemala for the ill-fated invasion of the Playa Circa, known in the U.S. as-the Bay of Pigs. No leader like Barker would be ready to confide too much in Sturgis, nor would Sturgis require it. He is not especially a thinker and fancies himself an amiable tough guy. lie seems to talk almost too readi- ly about his military eeploits - ("I refused a purple heart from Adm.. Halsey") and one wonders where fact and fanta- sy divide. Tailing the Tails His character meshes best with little Gonzales, the old Grau pistolcro and he jovially said, "Gonzalez was a damned good cellmate." Barker, the leader,' seems outwardly to be a successful businessman who follows the Mani Dolphins, goes fishing and conducts his affairs like the next president of the real estate board. It is only when be talks of Cuba, Castro and the Mc- Govern candidacy that he steps out of the businessman character and remembers this- and-that about the days when he worked with "our friends," his euphemism for the CIA. He enjoys telling about his years as a secret policeman for President Fulgencio Batis- ta when American operatives would be tailing anti-Batista Cubans while he, Barker, tailed the Americans. By his lights, Barker is 'a .dedicated American and he is a man ready to act within his concept of how America should and can he saved. He gives the impression of a man who feels a duty to the United States, of which he is a citizen, and to Cuba, where he was born. The Miami four are all like that, unashamed. They were caught redhanded in the Dem- ocratic National Committee of- fices so they do not bother to ? deny they were there. But there is no detectable chagrin that they were caught nor feat of what might happen to them, , when they are tried. ? ? . Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 STATI NTL A )The Spes Wh Came hi For the Heat STATI NTL 2001/01/04 : C -0 18 SEP 1972 multiple loose costs and to unearth de- tails of the affair never before exposed. The team's report: THE WHITE HOUSE 'PLUMBERS' ? Barker, the. moneyed son of a Cuban mother and an American father, began assembling a loosely knit team of his own from the. Cuban community in Miami, From his' own real-estate film, Barker The four former CIA operatives and tapped Eugenio Martinez, a friend of - the Cuban locksmith arrested at gun-- fifteen years who, like Barker, had point inside the Democratic Nationalhelped smuggle refugees out of post- Committee headquarters ?,01-e no iso- Batista Cuba. Frank Sturgis, 49, (former- lated band of zealots. And the Water- . ly Frank Fiorini), an ex-marine given to Three months ago, the predawn raid gate raid was by no means an isolated gun running and girls, joined him. And at on the Democratic National Corn,- incident. As early as the summer of 1971, Miami's Missing Link Key Shop Barker rnittee headquarteTs inside Washington s a small, tight, political intelligence team found a 45-year-old locksmith named elegant Watergate complex seemed lit- was forming up in the basement of- Virgilio Gonzales. tie more than clumsy political derring-do fiees of the Executive-office , Building To what extent GOP higher-sips. knew pulled off by overzealous, aging and in- next door to the White House. And its of the team?and approved of its activi- ept James Bonds. In the time since, the impact would soon .he felt all across the ties?is unclear. "I suppose it was a 'Do it, tangled affair has turned into the politi- 19,-i2 election campaign. don't- tell me how you do it' situation," cal hydra of the Presidential campaign. The team was originally formed strict- 'said an insider. The full extent of the Each time Republicans have tried to ly as a pack of in-house watchdogs. in team's operations will likely remain a smother the controversy, some fresh em- the fail of 1971, increasingly concerned mystery, too. But by last spring a pat- barrassment has popped up to bring it ? about a rash of security leaks that began tern of anti-Democratic espionage had back to life. And as the revelations con- with the 'Pentagon Papers, Presidential begun to Unfold in Washington. tinue to pile up, the Watergate affair has assistant John 1). Ehrlichman quietly On May 16, the law offices of the emerged as the most dramatic clear-cut tapped his able, aggressive deputy, Egil eventual Democratic Vice Presidential disclosure of major political espionage in (Bud) Krogh, 31, to plug the leaks. Thus . candidate, R. Sargent Shriver, and the the history of U.S. Presidential elections. the White l .louse ..,plumbing" crew was party's credentials committee chief, Pa- It is a curious and instructive tale, of- born. Presidential troubleshooter Charles tricia Harris, across the yard from the fering rare glimpses into the back rooms W. Colson rang in an old Army-Navy Jwatcrgate, were broken into?though of American politics and the antics of Club friend named E. lIoward Ifunt, a nothing appeared to have been stolen. obscure soldiers of fortune embarked on retired CIA career spy, prolific pulp There is no proof that the Watergate five a spy-thriller escapade. It features, in novelist and public-relations speech- vvere involved- in this or any other break- ) addition to the bizarre Wa.t.etrga.t.e break- writer, as a $100-a-day consultant. From writer, as before June 17. But on Mav 20, five ,j in, a special squad of \\ tu e House ni- Treasury came G. Gordon Liddy, 42, men checked into the Watergate. Hotel vestigators eavesdropping on the Admin- a bright, ambitious former FBI agent under the same names that the Water- istration's own telephone calls; a series and Dutchess. County, N.Y., prosecutor gate Five were first to give to the police of espionage coups against the Demo- ?vith a flair for the dramatic (once, after their arrest.* They stayed through crats involving electronic eavesdropping to make a point in a summation, Liddy the Memorial Day holiday. While they and photographs of documents from , ,-. , -were there, two attempts were made to m Democratic files; $114,000 in GOP ca- , l',"xl off a Pist?I loaded with blanks in ' .) cam-time courtroom). break into the DNC. i paign contributions apparently diverted 1 'I he J. le plurnbers stuck to their assigned . ? - On the night of the 27th, Lawrence 1 to one of a team of adventurers with t ' task?tracing leaks in the newspapers and O'Brien charged last week, some of .the v CIA and anti-Castro connections;.an in- i. . eavesdropping on the phone conversa- same people later arrested at Watergate - .tricate "money washing" operation aimed : . W ns o ti f White House staffers to detect' made an abortive attempt to plant an at hiding the identities of political donors -, 2 signs of disloyalty. But as -fall turned to eavesdropping device in Sen. George .by channeling funds through a Mexican ! :', ..,cs,oovern's preconvention headquarters z.winter an x r d re-election strategy became a bank; the secret transfer of $25,000 in on Capitol Hill. O'Brien also chart,ed that more urgent concern, Hunts and Ltddy's cash on a Miami golf course, and hi's own phone and another DNC line ;attention began to shift from internal Ad- $350,000 stashed?and apparently unac- had been tapped for weeks before the ministration security to intelligence-gath- _ counted for?in a Republican Party of- :- flee safe. ering that might be used against the raid, and monitored "on a regular daily The affair has been painfully embar- Democrats. They began carefully assem- basis", from Room 723 in the Howard rassing to the Administration on several bling potentially damaging dOssiers cm Johnson Motor Lodge. across the street: ? counts. Besides the spying issue, it has any and all possible Democratic Presiden- Only a single hint as to the fruits of focused attention on the whole Nixon tial and Vice Presidential candidates? all this snooping has so far come to light. campaign fund-raising operation?espe- and Hunt in particular launched a fresh A fortnight ago, Michael Richardson, 29, cially the $10 million raised from big investigation into Sen. Edward Ken- who' works in a Miami photo shop, told : givers before the April 7 deadline under nedy's tragic automobile accident at Miami authorities that two men came to the new law that requires donors to be Chappaquiddick. his shop on June 10?a week before the listed. It has also put the Administration At about the same time, the focus of Watergate arrests?with 38 frames of .35- into the position of having to investigate the operation began to shift toward the mm. film to be rush-developed. The pie- itself while resisting demands for a spe- , newly formed Cominittee to Re-elect tures, said Richardson, showed surgical cial independent inquiry. the President. In October, a husky, bald- gloved hands holding a series of docu- The full scope of the Watergate caper ing electronic eavesdropping specialist mends against a shag rug. Some bore itself will be charted only when indict- named James W. McCord Jr., 53, who,J the DNC letterhead; some, the signature ments are returned and the case conies had spent nineteen years debugging of Larry O'Brien. At least one, Richardson to trial?and even then some of its dark- CIA installations, joined ' the committee stated, appeared to be a dossier on a er byways may never be illuminated, as security coordinator. In December, proinine?t woman Democrat?possibly Pa- But for a period of weeks, a special Liddy himself moved over to the corn- tricia Harris. Shown a random assortment NEwswEEK investigative team led by mittee. In NOvember,-Hunt began a series . of mug shots, Richardson unhesitatingly Nicholasilorrock and Evert .Clark has of phone conversations with a Miami man identified Bernard Barker and Frank been at workAppyttoedifoRelplfstgOrTIO3YOLcIACIMR1301-cf- Of8041T00050006000TUther"L Mexico City, Ilouston, Minneapolis ai:r >ay o igs preparatIons, continued elsewhere?to try to stitch together the Cuban-born Bernard L. Barker. Approved For Release 20/0411/biAi?44:1bIA-RDP80-016 13 SEP 1972 A 0 fiz,;//9 /277,..14 V t/ --ictnnrJr-axelesass.,.."....okaras.Aga.r-aamamrzmur.s..zvr:rasvsc-wase.A.a-.? r: % Ltj..i14Z,;) Ne.wsweek. in its current issue reports that the group of five men ? four former CIA.agcnts and a counterrevolutionary Cuban?who were arrested at gunpoint in the headquarters of the Democratic party in the early hours of June 17 with bugging equipment in their possession, were part of a "political intelligence" team formed in the basement of the White House in the summer of 1971. The report by Newsweek Washington correspondents Nicholas Iforrock and Evert Clark discloses that the secret group was formed at the request of a top Nixon assistant, John D. Ehrlichman. According to Newsweek, its purpose was to spy on White House personnel for signs of disloyalty, plug leaks to the press and similar "dirty work." For pur- poses of the election campaign, the group applied its CIA know-how to spying on tile Democrats. The New York Times Tuesday published an interview with Bernard L. Barker, one of the five men arrested at the Watergate Hotel, in which he admitted his participation but refused to name others or to disclose the reasons for the break-in. Barker said he and his associates consider that the election of George McGovern would ri.',.lect the beginning of a trend that would lead "to socialism or communism, or whatever you want to call it." Barker is a registered Republican in Florida. One of the main reasons given for his action is his agreement with Nixon's ultra-rightist policies, including continuation and escalation of the war in Indochina and opposition to socialism in Cuba. Although the interview does not make clear what role Barker played in the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba, Ile is known to have been a CIA agent in that plot. Barker told the Times that he joined the Cuban National Police before the revolution "with the full consent and cooperation of the FBI." It was through Barker's bank account and through his hands that $114.000 in funds contributed to the Committee to Re-elect the President passed after at least $S9,000 had been "laundered" to hide its source by being passed througha Mexican go-between. In other developments, lawyers for the Dernocrats charged that Maurice Starts, who resigned his post as Secretary of Commerce to work on the campaign to reelect Nixon. paid a "political espionage squad" to spy oh leading Democrats and increased the sum demanded as damages from $1 million to S3.2 million. They also charged that other bugging attempts were made. including telephone tapping. with tran-- scripts of converations passed to the Republicans. STATI NTL Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 S 1174.1 Approved For Release2001/03104 ? CIA-RDP80-01601R coNGREssioNAL RLLUItD ? sENATE )tem ? 13. /979 , that the District of Columbia, Maryland, and Virginia food license numbers of Heidi and State House, are identical with the number on .the Briggs container. Thus, all three brands are made by the same manufacturer. A further comparison reveals that the weights are nearly identical: 42 ounces for a half gallon of Briggs and Heidi, 40 ounces for State House. But the prices are not identical: Briggs costs 81.19, Heidi 99 cents, and State House Gil cents. Becauae ice cream makers are not required to list the ingredients or butter- fat content, the consumer selecting among the three brands has no way of knowing dif- ferences in quality or weight. The difference between the mass-produced ice erdans served by Helen and the kind I buy at a bakery Is air. Those who remember lick- ing the dashers of a hand-cianked home freezer know .thati air Is introduced into ice cream acconling to how much the ice cream Is beaten. My baker boats his ice cream for only twelve minutes, putting in just enough air to keep it from becoming soggy and gooey. Some factory-made brands are so aereatcd that no bite Cr chew is left. The topping Helen served was Cool Whip, the nondairy dessert manufactured by Gen- eral Foods. She put two blobs on Prank's dish. They at like. a pair of cleanly breasts upon the tan body of luscious-looking ice cream: To me, the Cool Whip was the most revolting part of the meal. It is a "food" made almost entirely from additives and synthetics. After water, the main ingredi- ents as listed are an all-star selection: hy- drogenated coconut and palm kernel oils, sugar, Vanilla, soclittin caseinate, dextrose, polysorbate 60, soibltan monostearate, Car- rageenan, guar guns, artificial color and fla- vor'. Cool Whip, which won the 1970 award of the Institute of Food Technologists, was de- seribed by the institute as a "stable freeze- thaw emulsion resembling whipped cream in appearance, utility, and texture when eaten." I...passed op the Cool Whip pleasure and wondered if my' friends would ever invite me back again. When .1 got home that night I looked up a ?chapter iii Comi:niacr Bciaare! in which the author answert the quesiion, "What harm can chemical food additives do?" She writes: "Scie:itists are beeoniing aware of the need to study the itrioward remits of chemical food additives on kealth]--those which are slight, unP.oticed, delayed, and indirect. These are the subtle effects on the human system at the basic cellular level, reaulting from hun- dreds, even thousands of substances bio- logically foreign to the body, consumed daily in common foodstuffs, over many years, or even during an entire lifetime." I ate an ? apple, organically grown, and went to bed. r NOTABLE ADDRESS BY DR. ARIO LAZO Mr. THURMOND. Mr, President, as a student of U.S. policies in the strategic Caribbean danger zone, I long ago noted the failure of many important sections of our mass news media to report and editorialize objectively on crucial geo- political.events, such as the Communist takeover of Cuba in 1959-61, the Bay of Mgr; disaster of 1001; the culla::: mis- sile crisis of 1962, the attempted Com- munist takeover of the Dominican Re- public in 1965, and the maneuvers by certain elements in the State Depart- ment, beginning in 1964, to have us give up ? our jurisdiction over the Panama Canal. Fortunately, there are organizations In our Nation's capital city with mem- berships that well understand what is transpiring and which have the cour, age to expose the facts. One of them is the District of Columbia Chapter of the Military Order of the World Wars. At its monthly meeting on May 11, 1972, the speaker was Dr. Mario Lazo, a distinguished Cuban lawyer who holds degrees from Cornell University and the University of Havana. Dr. Lazo founded and for many years headed one of the most respected and suceessful law firms ill Latin America. The U.S. Government was one of his many clients. At the time of the Bay of Pigs in 1901 Dr. Lazo was arrested and threatened with execution. His wife saved his life and also helped him escape to the United States. He then resolved to de- vote the rest of his life, if necessary, to finding out how and why Cuba had been surrendered to the Communist empire. The missile crisis, which came a year later, added to his task, to which he brought the investigative skills of a great lawyer and a reputation that per- mitted him to reach into the highest official circles in Washington. After al- most 7 years of researching he wrote "American Policy Failures in Cuba," with the subtitle "Dagger in the Heart," Published by Twin Circle Publishing Co., 66 Riverside Drive, New York, N.Y., 10024. This alarming and authoritative book has been acclaimed as the defmi- tive account of the Castro era. Not one of its sensational disclosures has been challenged. Previously, the September 1964 issue of the Reader's Digest had featured an article by Dr. Lam titled "At Last?The Truth About the Bay of Pigs." The truth had been obscured for More than 3 years because word had gone out unofficially from the White House blaming the disaster on the Chiefs of Sittff and the CIA. The Digest article placed the blame where it belonged. Mr. President, Since the address by Dr. Lazo to the Military Order of the World Wars on May 11, 1972, should be of the greatest interest to all Members of Congress and to the Nation at large, I ask unanimous consent. that it be printed in the R?ECORD. There being no objection, the address was ordered to be printed in the Iitcortn, as follows: U.S. POLICY FAILURES IN CUBA (Address by Dr. Mario Lazo before the Mili- tary Order of The World Wars, District of Columbia Chapter, May 11, 1972) I appreciate very Much being invited to be with you today. It was while searching for the root causes of the Bay of Pigs debacle that I first became aware of the invisible, unrecognized struggle taking place in the United States between socialists or liberals on the one hand mad conservatives on the other. This struire,e, I have became convinced, permeates evvry sec- tor of American society, the institutions, or- ganizations of all kinds and the homes. On its outcome hinges the freedom of the West- ern World. ? The Bay of Pigs was a struggle that took place in Washington. The action on the south coast of Cuba could hate been cut by a few hours if the Cuban assault brigade had not fought so heroically. But the invasion was doomed by Washington decisions before the first blood had been spilled on the Cuban beaches. It was a struggle between liberals-socialist and conservatives. In between the two groups was the new and youthful President, who had never been accused of lacking intelligence or coureg,e. nut he turned away from the proles- slonals and :gide(' with his political advfees, the "New Frontiersmen" who had breath- lessly invaded Washington three months earlier. The essential feature of the invasion plan was the use of air power. There were to be a minimum of 3 air strikes from Nicaragua with .16 bombers in each strike?that is, a minimum of 45 sorties. These woulci destroy Castro's 30 planes on the ground before the assault forces hit the beaches. The location of each Castro plane WaS under constant sur- veillance by U.S. reconnaissance. There was no way that Castro could bide a plane. Here Is what happened. The first strike was cut in half, on orders from the White House. Then the second strike was cancelled entirely, also on White House orders. Finally, when it was too late to call off the invasion, Kennedy also cancelled the third strike, under pressure from Acilai Stevenson, Dean Husk and D.TcGeorge Purdy. Thus the minimum of 4B sorties was reduced to 5. Yes, from 48 to 8! That last order LORICCI the doom of the invasion and marked It for certain disaster. The Joint Chiefs and the CIA did every- thing humanly possible to induce the Presi- dent to countermand these politically moti- vated rind militarily incredible onlers. But Kennedy reme hued adamant and the invasion fleet moved slowly toward catastrophy. The first strike?really half a strike?de- stroyed most of Castro's small air force hut he still had 2 jets, 3 fest Furies and a couple of 13--26s and they commanded the skies. The Free Cubans lost half their planes and pilots the first day. Castro's jets sank 2 of the 5 troop' and supply :hips and the U.S. commander, from an LCI, ordered the others away. Although Kennedy knew that the Cuban brigade had been promised con- tinuing supplies to the beaches, none were ever delivered. Without dramatizing the epi- sode, this is the authentic account of the most humiliating defeat in the long, bright history of the United States. Who were the men who advocated water- ing down the invasion plan? Here they RTC: i,IcNamara, Stevenson, Fulbright, Pobert Kennedy, McGeorge Bundy, Drams Husk, Ar- thur Schlesinger, Walt liostow, Richard Goodwin and ?nester Bowles. Liberals or so- cialists all. And who were the conservatives, on the side of the angels? Adm. Aileigh Burke, Gen- eral Lemnitzer, General Cabeil and Richard Bissell, Deputy Director of the CIA. As the reports from the south coast of Cuba grew grimmer by the hour, these men made a final, fervent plea for I he only thing that could still save the invasion?the use of American power just over the hori%on. Admiral Burke asked that a detachment of Marines be permitted to go ashore. This was denied. He then asked Kennedy to permit the use of one destroyer, to lay down a bar- rage on the Castro tanlia approaching the beachhead over two roads through swamps. The President asked, "What if Castro returns the fire and hits the destroyer?" Burke an- awered emphatically, "Then we'll knock out of them." But Kennedy said that then the US would he involved. (The involvement was supposed to be secret). Burke's answer - was, "We (tie involved, Sir. God damn it, Mr. President, we can't let those boys be slaugh- tered there." The traditional command structure of tile United States, as you well know, has always been one under which the Conunanderein- Chief sets the objectives and leaves it to the professionals to conduct the operations. In this case Kennedy kept is tight tactical con- trol over the invasion. He rejected the advice Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 STATI NTL I ? ) i - - ? --?,. [1 ,... ; ) , 1 ; - 4 k-,?. 1 --.....,,,L..?A Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601 WASHIEGTON SNP ( , , , ? LA L. 0 r , r LI Li By VALTER RUGABER New York Times News Serv'ee The accused leader oi? the Watergate raid admits his role ? in the break-in, but says he would rather serve a long pris- on term than implicate others or disclose, the background of . the affair. ? ? In a private, two-bour inter- view. here Friday, Bernard L. - Barker repeatedly gave the . impression that there were' 'names to be named and mo- tives to be cleared up. But he said it will not be done by him. /- Barker, a 55-year-old former employe of the Central Intelli- gence Agency; was one of five men captured inside head- ? quarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate en Jane 17. Various persons, including officials of President Nixon's ? campaign organization, have been accused by Democrats of being connected with the raid. Barker was asked whether he would take responsibility for anyone else actually involved. "Just because I get in trou- ble, I *don't want nobody else to get in trouble;" he said. He added that he had "always delt with the paramilitary, the intelligen ecmovement, the people who live by their word." Barker did give some insight into the operation and an ac- count of his own background. He acknowledged outrigli!, his role in the break-in. "I was caught in National Democrat (headquarters) at 2:30 in the morning," ? he said at one ? point. "I can't deny that." He praised the three men from Miami who were arrest- ? ed with him and said he re- gretted that "those people that I have motivated under nie" Were caught with him. Ile spoke hictly of a one- time White I edtFor who has been inked to the raid, Howard Hunt Jr., say korl "over known any- 12 SEP 1972 . indebted to as Howard Hunt.' lie declined to elaborate. Barker maintained that he had little -involvement in poli- ? tics. "I don't even trust the politicians, to be quite frank with you," he said. He asserted that most Cuban refugees, including himself, "believe that an election of McGovern would be the begin- ning of a trend that would lead to socialism and commimism or whatever you wan tot call Barker's attorney, Henry B. Rothblatt of New York, 'vas present during the interview. It had been made clear in ad- vance that certain sensitive areas could not be discussed. ? Barker said that after his arrest, but before he could se- cure release on bail, govern- ment prosecutors had told him they would "keep me in that jail- and (let me) rot in there until I talked," but he said he refused. Barker is an American who was born in Cuba ard he says he is a passionte, unrelenting enemy of Fidel Castro. Barker suggested that he tries to behave like the men he ms to admire 'most: Men ? he has known in one covert operation or another over the years. ? "They're anonymous men,'' he said. "They hate publicity; they get nervous with it." - The men who went into the Watergate offices with him did so; he suggested, not for mon- ey; but for "something else": A cause they considered righ- teous. "I've never looked at myself as a burglar," he remakred at one point in the interview. "It is very repulsive to me when I read the 'alleged burglar' ? this pines me. R616414;012001 /06t04d: not as a burglar. I'm of that fornration. I have bc'en a po- lice officer, and I can't con- 7-?'7.74.\ ----? ' ri Fl 1 LA LJ) ceive of myself as a burglar." He was asked: 'How is all this going? to . ?turn out for us whodunit read-. ers and whodunit writers? Are we going to come to a final chapter in which it is all re- vealed and explained? A. Yes, I have a very good attorney and I think that he'll try to get me off as well as possible. Q. But getting -you off may involve never having that last chapter written. Rothblatt (laughing). Let me say this: It probably will be told but not told directly. It will be told indirectly. Barker was born in Havana. His American father and Cu- ban mother, who became an American citizen and who died in the United States, were di- vorced, and he was raised by aunts on a farm near Marial Bay.. Ile attended Roman Catholic parochial schools in Cuba, and. later ?came to live with his cncther in a suburb of New York City. Joins Army Tie worked in a steel mill in Baltimore for two years, then entered the University of Ha- vana. He was a sophomore when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. He joined the Army Air Forces and was a bombardier.. On his. 12th flight a fighter shot down his B-17 and he bailed out over German terri- tory. He was imprisoned fOr 16 months. ? Barker was liberated by the Russians and he left the Army late in 1946. He married the daughter of a Cuban senator, and his wife's family gave ? them a home. STAT I NTL CIA-RDP80-016011300050005000-1-4- wnritinued IYASHINGTON POST Approved For Release 20.0M0'417.2g16KRIT)- ITCY,r,OrP*Col 0 (2E-E-zolts A4 .g CAL By Jim Mann and Bob Woodward wasaingion eon, Staff Wilters It was exactly 11 weeks ago today that the story burst across the front pages for the first time: five men arrested in the early morn- ing hours inside the offices of the Democratic National ..Committee at the Watergate Hotel. Wearing rubber surgical gloves. Cal rying, burglary News Analysis ? gear, electronic eavesdrop- ping equipment, cameras for photographing documents, \valkie-talkies, and consecu- tively numbered SltA) hills. included among the five, was the chief security consultant to the Committee for the Re-eleetion of the President. The investigation of the break-lit took p curious path, leading, from Washington to Miami ic; Mexico to Minne- . spta and elsewhere, involv- ing everything from foreign bank accounts and hidden j? fund stashes to the Bay of Pigs invasion and the. CIA. Somewhere along the line, it becanie known as the "Watergate Caper"?a major issue in the 1972 pres- ? idential campaign. Yet after all the disclo- sures, publicity and furor of the past 11 weeks, almost all the principal questions raised by the incident re- main unanswered: ? What were those five men doing inside the Water- gate? What was the purpose . of allegedly bugging and : collecting information on the Democrats? And were they attempting to remove, not plant, a bug? a ? What was the extent of ? Involvement of officials of the Nixon re-election cam- paign or of the Nixon ad- ministration? ? What effect will it all ker in the months before have on the presidential the break-in. campaign this fall? - Hunt, by most accounts, was a friend and consultant to White House. .special counsel Charles W. Colson and ? was brought to the White House on Colson's It was this revelation, six recommendation, Shortly weeks after the incident it- after Hunt's name was self, that seemed to give the linked to the case, he disap- Watergate caper a new, peered, and according to au- more important twist. The theritios, 150 FBI agents Democrats', trying to recu- began a nationwide search perate from the Eagleton af- for him. It ended when his fair, began to seize on it Washington attorney told daily. authorities that limit would agree to return and? answer questions. Adding to the intrigue was a tidbit of the kind that began to' come ott.4. every few days in the ensuing weeks: Hunt, according to others in the White House, had spent months quietly doing re- search on Sen. Edv.?ard M. Kennedy (D-Maas.) and his 1969 Chappaquiddick auto- mobile accinent: Yet another link to the Nion campaign Was pro- vided in late July, when it was revealed that G. Gordon Liddy was fired by Mitchell June 28 for refusing to an- swer /FBI questions about the Watergate incident. (Mitchell himself resigned two days ? later, asserting that he wanted to. accede to his. wife's wishes and return to private life.) Liddy, a one-time White. House aide, was the chief adviser to the Nixon cam- paign staff on the new con- gressional statute requiring stricter reporting of cam- paign contributions. In the 1. Purpose aUd, Scope Ever since the break-in, a number of theories have been advanced regarding its purpose. First, there was what might be called the "Cuban refugee" theory, which as- sumed that the men ar- rested inside the Watergate were members of a fringe Cuban ? group -perhaps Wor- ried that the Democrats might be seeking friendlier relations with Cuban Pre- mier Fidel Castro. Among those advancing this idea in the days after the break-in was at least one staff mem- ber at the White House. The Cuban theory is based primarily on the fact that four of the five men ar- rested June 17?Bernard Barker, Prank Sturgis, Eu- genio Martinez and Virgilio Gonzales?lived in Miami and were either Cubans or had extensive contacts with Cuban exiles there. Arguing against the Cuban theory has been the accumulai ion of evidence that members of President Nixon's own campaign staff, the Committee for the Re- election of the President (CRP), were involved in the break-in. The man providing the in- itial clue to Republican in- volvement was the fifth perr son arrested in the break-in, James W. McCord Jr., a re- tired CIA employee who was the chief of security for the Nixon campaign. On the day after the ar- rests, John N. Mitchell, then the Nixon campaign chair- man, sought to disassociate the campaign staff from Mc- Cord, saying, "He (McCord) has, as we understand it, a number of business- clients. and interests, and we have no knowledge of these rela- tions:tips." ? The next clue was the dis- Nixon re-election staff was provided Aug. 1 when it Was reported that a $25,000 check representing funds raised for the Nixon cam- paign was deposited in April in Barker's hank account. eyes of some people on the campaign staff and others close to the investigation of the Watergate ? incident, Liddy was probably the sec- ond-ranking. policy-maker in the Nixon fund-raising ef- fort, next to. finance chair- man Maurice Starts. Telephone records of the Miami home and office of The check represented a contribution from Dwayne Andreas, a Minnesota inves- tor, who reportedly gave the S25.000 in cash to Kenneth H. Dahlberg, the President's chief fund-raiser in the Mid- west. Dahlberg said that he used the cash to obtain a cashier'S check made out to himself from a Florida bank, and that he personally handed that cheek to Maur- -ice Stalls, the finance chair- man for the Nixon cam- paign. Stuns later said that he held the ? check for a few minutes and then turned it over to Nixon campaign treasurer Hugh W. Sloan Jr., who in turn gave it to Liddy. No one has explained the exact details of how the money ended up in Barker's bank. account, or how much of it Barker actually kept. Sloan resigned from the Nixon campaign staff over the summer. ? It later developed that an- other $89,000, also deposited in . Barker's bank account, represented contributions to the Nixon campaign that were raised in the South- west and were moved through a Mexico City bank to insure that the donors: would remain anonymous. According to investigators, this money, like the other $25,900, passed through the Washington office of the Nixon re-election committee. of these links suggest Barker (one of the five ar- covery, two days after the ? strongly that .the alleged rested men) revealed ? that strongly that another for- bugging may have been con- Barker had placed at least mea CIA employee, E. How coated not by some Cuban ard Hunt Jr. 15 long-distance calls to the ., who had been exile group,- by at least Nixon campaign' offices be- a $100-a-day White House some individuals connected tween 'March 15 and June consultant, was listed in ad- with the Nixon campaign 16, most of them to Liddy's dress books taken from two h staff and the White House extension there. The records of the five arrested men. also showed that Barker had (such as Liddy, Hunt and .Next to Hunt's name in the McCord). A few. days ago, in made 29 long-distance calls address books were the no- fact, a source close to the in- ?, to Hunt's home and offices tations "W.House? a vestigation reported that "" ? from Nov. 19 to June 16. "W.H." It was later deter- Liddy and Hunt were ac- e How thoroughly and Another link between the honestly are thAborn de need ' that Hunt had had ve ofiReLeaseA2001101704g:atl'Ae-RtiP8Vingsoli5t8e0evgtedate 0 01-4' lions being conductbe? ? continued STAT I NTL Approved For Release 201X/03104Q CIA-RDP80-01 2 SEP 1972 V I in Special to the Daily World _ SAN FRANCISCO, Sept. 1 ? Dwayne Andreas, the Midwest "Soy Bean King," who was linked to the June 17 aborted burglary of Democratic headquarters, is a lcing-time financial angel of Sen. Hubert Humphrey (D-Minn) and a backer of anti-communist operations. poration when it was formed was These facts, either buried or following interesting dealings the First Interoceanic Corp., of completely ignored in press ac- between Andreas and the Nixon which Andreas is chairman. counts. of the break-in, are devel- Administration: First Interoceanic, ?in turn, oped in an exclusive story in the 0 Last year when a. banking controls 84 percent of the National . Sept. 2 issue of the ' People's operation Andreas heads sought City Bank of Minneapolis 'where World, workingclass weekly pub- to. form a new giant financial Andreas and his brother, Lowell lished here. conglomerate in Minnesota it was Willard Andreas, ? are directors. ? Andieas tried to keep secret a found they could not do so without First Interoceanic is a wholly ? $25,0015 contribution to the Nixon violating amendments passed in owned subsidiary of Archer- re-election fund but the , story 1970 to the Bank Holding Act. The Daniels-Midland. ?leaked out after money-in the pos- companies involved sought and. Subtle shuffle session of one of the arrested got federal approval for an Money dealings at that level of burglars, Bernard L. Barker; a intricate juggling and hand the capitalist pyramid are pretty Miami real estate dealer, was changing of millions of dollars in complicated, but. simply stated traced to the Andreas gift, order to comply with the law. the arrangement Was in violation Hitherto, Andreas had been a 0 A company Andreas heads of the law. So, with government Humphrey sugar daddy, aiding. has a suit pending against it, filed approval, the Andreas-Archer- 'the Minnesota senator and many by the Justice , Dept. charging Daniels-Midland Co. had to divest ? of his' political associates through violations of the Sherman Anti- itself of its banking interests. ? the Andreas Foundation. Trust Act. This was done by distributing the Then how come the shift by 0 The man who received Independent Bancorporation shar. Ahdreas to the Nixon crowd? Anreas' $25,000 contribution and es to individual Archer-Daniels- What follows is-from the People's passed it on to the Republicans is Midland shareholders: World account: a director of the Andreas bank On June 14, 1972 the Internal . Got bank charter ? fast which is involved in both of the Revenue Service ruled. the above The hint carried by the Assoc- above dealings. . - maneuvers were all right and the iated Press Aug. 27 concerned aPending anti-trust suit Company had complied with the much coveted federal bank char- Andreas is the president of the law. ter speedily given to Andreas Archer-Daniels-Midland Co., the Kenneth H. Dahlberg, chairman two weeks ago for his Ridgedaleof the Minnesota Committee to largest domestic soybean proces- National Bank in the Minnetonkasor. In September, 1971, the Re-elect President Nixon,. told the shopping center near Minneap-General Accounting Office that Justice Dept. filed a civil anti-. oils. Andreas had called him June '5 and, trust suit against the company However, not mentioned in any. offered . the contribution. That' However, its 1970 acquisition o. f of the wire service reports at the wbuld make it two days before 'two soybean companies, one in time of this writing are thee ras a and one in Kansas, new 'laws went into effect which ' violates the Sherman Anti- would have made it impossible Trust Act. The suit is still pending for Andreas to contribute anony- Taking over the two companies mously. Dahlberg said he picked up the money on June 9, as ar- meant that 'Archer-Daniels- ranged, from a third party in a Midland could control two-thirds Miami hotel: ? of the Kansas soybean crop and ? The' news reports so far have - over 90 percent of the beans not mentioned the fact that grown and processed inNebraska. Dahlberg is a director of Andreas' On Oct. 1, 1971, plans were National City Bank. ? announced for formation of the Independent Bancorporation, a Andreas is known to have Only holding company. It was envis- recently become the president of ioned as joining as many as 10 the Sea View Hotel Corp. in the Minnesota banks and 35 other Miami Beach-Bal Harbour area. in sti tulle sja.te.. su.b s id- Following the Dahlberg pickup Approved For Releupog pat ric&BAteRD ROO 40160 IR00050006000 'Wirt inued. ? STATINTL nASHING'TON POST Approved For Release 240pl?lt9/1y2.: CIA-RDP80- , F-7Ahe trade of a mercenary?a hired 1 soldier?isn't what it used to be, according to Joe Maggio. Mr. Maggio, who's been out of the business more than seven years (ever since the war in the Congo be- tween Joseph Mobuto and Moise Tshombe), says pessimistically that there doesn't seem to be much call nowadays for soldiers of fortune. "Back in the Congo days you could walk into the Memling Hotel or the Purple Cow Bar in Leopoldville and wind up with a well-paying fighting job," says Joe with a trace of nostalgia. "Today it's gotten much tougher." Maggio says he has done most of his ,own free-lance fighting on behalf of the CIA which, he claims, has freely employed mercenaries in the past. Working on contract as a CIA "adviser," he has seen service in the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba,. in Laos, Thailand and elsewhere. He has just ivritten? a novel based on his experiences called Com- pany Man, published by Putnam. The title alludes to the CIA which, Maggio says, is known among mercenaries as "The Conipany." ? Maggio got his credentials for mer,- cenary work by serving a three-year \. ? STATI NTL hitch in the Marines after dropping out of military college. "People become mercenaries for two reasons," he explains. "Either they're at- tracted by the romance of the idea, or they're trying to get away from some- thing. With me it was the romance. I thought the most adventurous life pos- sible was that of a soldier of fortune." Photo of .a soldier of fortune: Maggio ready for jump into Vietnam in 1963. Maggio claims that he doesn't'shari the feeling of many mercenaries that it doesn't matter whom you're fighting for as long as the pay is .good. "Some mercenaries have a mentality that say-. 'For $500 I'll kill this guy.' I never felt like that. My idea was to be on the right side. Like in the Bay of Pigs, we thought we were right. We also never doubted that we'd win, with the whole weight of the U.S. supposedly behind us." Maggio, a 34-year-'old native of At- lantic City, N.J., who now makes his home on a schooner in Nassau, says that the best mercenary force in the world still is the fabled French Foreign Legion, which numbers around 13000 Approved For Releaspa24014) men and is stationed mostly in Southern 3m4 1-ciixeRiapeow1 claims, make _particularly good mer- cena ries.. Pay is goad For most mercenaries, he admits, the big attraction still is the money. "A free- lance infantryman makes up to -1200 a Month," he says, "and a pilot as much as $2600. That's tax-free, of course-- you ..don't get W-2 forms when you're a mercenary. And you also 'keep all you can steal.;' Maggio says that the quality of mer- cenaries isn't as high as it used to be. "There were about 3000 soldiers and 500 officers in the Congo," he recalls. "The officers were pretty good material but there were plenty of alcoholics,? deviates and bums among the troops: I saw some gOys there that were in the Bay of Pigs operation, too." Maggio ascribes the current lack of mercenary opportunities to a.UN crack- down on hired armies following events in the Congo. But despite the present lack of openings, Maggio says there Still are plenty of would-be mercenaries ready._ for action. However, he can't recommend it as a, likely career, espe- cially for youngsters ready to run away from home in search of adventure. Experience.necef;sary "You really ,have to have a good background_ as a soldier and the papers to prove it," he says. "There's an office in Paris that keeps a kind of register of available mercenaries. I don't know just where it's located right now, but if I went over there to the neighborhood of the Boulevard St.-Michel and the Rue St.-Jacques I could find it in no time. You can go there and apply, but they Want credentials on your military rec- ord?they're interested only in true . professionals. If they do get you a job, .they keep 30 percent of your pay for six months. "But there just doesn't seem to be any market for mercenaries any more. , The profession is dying out. I can see why, but it's too bad foi a lot of guy; who were men left behind by time and , could only find themselves in this kind of life.1 know that there are lots of peo- ple who'll say 'good riddance,' but for me there's a kind of sadness in it, too." . -sr .K. PARADE ? AUGUST 27, 1972 STATliNTL 601R000500050001-4 ; STATI NTL Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80 GARDEN CITY, N.Y. NEWSDAY AUG 27 1972' E ? 427,270 22 By Torn Renner New York Cosa Nostra .leaders are considering a proposal to reenter the international narcotics traffic to in- , crease income. for restless and money- hungry young Turks of the mob and to take drugs out of the suburbs and con- fine .them to the ghettos, a federal ? source said yesterday. The question' of whether the New York-New Jersey crime families should get back into the business of wholesaling heroin and cocaine, ?the federal source said, was discussed at an Aug. 12 meeting of the Cosa Nostra Commisson on Staten Island. The saane subject, the source said, also was discussed at a meeting of crime family cOnsigliers (advisers) in the New York area last_ week. ' . Sinee shortly after the jailing of the late crime boss Vito Genovese and Bonanno *underboss Carmine (Lillo) Galente for narcotics conspiracy in early 1960, the five New York crime families and a majority of the 27 crime families across the country have had a firm rule against its members' dealing in narcotics. The rule was in- voked because of federal narcotics laws that had resulted in long jail terms for those convicted of dealing in narcotics. The decision to get out of the traffic did not stem from. any moral concern for those who bought heroin tot from a fear by the bosses that those arrested i dealing narcotics might turn informer l to lighten their jail terms. Informers, in turn, would endanger the structure of Cosa Nostra, its captains and its , bosses, by talking about rTher criminal activities. Before the narcotics ban, mentioned a tin 1953 by mob informer Joseph -i .Valachi, the three major New York . families dealing in drugs were those of . * Bonanno, Lucpy edfor. Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000500050001-4 r I q./ did not handle them at all. Narcotics were sold mainly in ghettos to blacks. When the ban was imposed after Gene- vase's jailing; blacks and Puerto Ricans rushed into the vacuum. By ethe mid '60s, after a massive inflior of Cubans ,to the area, that -ethnic group cornered the New York market, with a para- military organization. Recently, younger members of the -Cosa Nostra for the quick, large profits, have agitated for reentry into the trade. So far .they have been held in check, at. timeg violently. But the uotside profit has remained . a temptation. _ "The question of reentering the nar- cotics trade was proposed by the .Natale Evola crime - family," the source said. "Their history as the old Joseph Bonanno family was steeped in narcotic; deals. They had the lines of communication from the U.S. to Can- ada to Franco through their Canadian members." The Canadian branch of the family, he said, now is 'a separate crime family controlled by Guiseppe Cotroni, identified before congressional investigating committees as :a promin- ent narcotics trafficker. The federal source said no firm de- cision was reached at the commission or at the consigliere meeting. "What is amazing was their ?reasoning for re- entering the .dope traffic," he said. A- side from the profit motive, "hey felt that they would be doing a service to the country. They said that narcotics had become a widespread, national problem only after Cosa Nostra got out of the business. They had kept it ly.." ye? ? in-the ghettos; now it's in- the suburbs because of other groups,. including the blacks and Cubans who are the princi- pal distributors and sellers." The source said that coinmission. 'members from. New York wanted to meet with Santo Trafficante of Florida, because they believed he had ? close contacts with a criminal gthup -known as the Corsicans, a Mafia-style organization that was formed on the Isle of Corsica and was known as "Unione Corsa." The Federal Bureau of Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs and the U.S..State Department have said the Corsicans were the principal wholesalerg and smugglers of heroin in EuroPe. A recent State. Department survey said the Corsicans were an "ethnic group above all others that has controlled t h e heroin traffic . in France." investigators have found that ?piton shipped from Turkey, the largest source of raw opium, is smuggled into France for processing. West Germany also was cited as a major storage depot for stocks of smUggled oPium and morphine. The federal source said that between 1961 and 196'3, Trafficard* and his or- ganization were in financial trouble. He. said that in 1969, Trafficante made a trip to Hong Kong and then sent a courier _to Saigon for a meeting with Corsican representatives: He said the Corsicans, in addition to their other involvement with drugs, were primari- ly responsible for supplying heroin to U.S. troops in Vietnam. The source said Trafficante then made -a. secret trip to Saigon to Meet With Corsican representatives. The meeting, he said, STATINTL Gambino family ealt very sparingly in drugs and New England families . continued BOST MASS.- AgE69meONt1 For Releast 001/03/04 : CIA4RpP8 AUG 2 01972 ? 237,967 S ? 566,377 NEW FIcTION SHELF- 7 STATI NTL By. Robert A. McLean Globe Staff fact and fancy - COMPANY MAN, by Joe Maoio. G. P. Putnam's ? -Sons, 222 pp., $6.95. Fictionalized exposes df America's secret agencies; like the Central Intelli- gence 'Agency here, usually ring true in places and smack of melodrama in others. But, spine will say, much of what the CA reportedly 1/4/ does . sounds more like a Class B spy thriller in the 'first place, so why not relax and enjoy yourself. Ex-CIA mercenary Mag- gio has some fine moments 'as he follows Company Man Nick Martin from his ? recruitment into the CIA's Special Operations Divi- sion (SOD) through a deg- _ ade of undercover assign- ments in Cuba, Vietnam-- and the, Congo and to. nis ? ultimate and abrupt sepa- ration from the agency. The Martin adventures ? the Bay of Pigs, Tonkin' Gulf, and Cambodia ? sound more like actual CIA operations; they are , that slam-bang and wild. : And his defection to the Congolese mercenary forces again sounds as if it may have. happened to someOne, perhaps with not as much blood, sweat and gore as Martin's retirement,-but in some similar fashion: Maggio obviously has a deep . gripe against the Company, and he happ.ily expounds on it, as any dis- gruntled 'Company Man, at every opportunity. But at the same time he dashes off. some.. fair-to-middling- adventure , /prose, , with 'enough cutting and thrust- ? ?ing, bombing and blasting,. to satisfy any devotee of violence, When you' fall out of favor in the Company, they don't fire you; they fire at you. Ex-Marine and " former Green Beret Martin is accustomed to tbe hard life, but he decides to quit . after he disobeys orders to rescue South Vietnamese , partisans, and the Compa- ny reassigns him to an "expendable" role in the trigger-happy Congo. Maggio's detailed de- scription of. the CIA's se- cret training academy in ? Virginia, Where Martin ? learns his new trade, is perhaps the most-interest- ing sectiOn of the, novel. It . sounds like Maggio might have been through the ArfpfdikiiIsF16r Release 2001/03/04 : CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 / v STATI NTL ? t,? 'PARADE Approved For ReiisalisirM1A13/04 : CIA-RDP80-01 20 AUG 1972 m..?/LLi rn rti SAN CLEMENTE, CALIF. pith the exception of the President, no one in the Nixon Administra- I lion has been more publicized id than Hpnry Kissinser, Nixon's National Security Affairs adviser. Yet Kissinger does not work alone. He heads a Staff of 110 including mes- sengers, secretaries, researchers, and braintrusters, all self-effacing, hard- working men and women, none of them known to the public. Of late, however, one of Dr. Kissin- ger's loyal and intrepid band of devoted slaves has begun to surface. ? Mark his name carefully: Maj. Gen. Alexander Meigs Haig Jr. At 47,.AI Haig is tall, blue-eyed, and more handsome and sex-appealing than secret agent Kissinger whose : deputy he is. - Soft-speaking and tactful, subtly am- . ? bitious with just the right amount of ruthlessness, Al Haig is second in corn- :, mand at National SecurityAffairs. He is Henry's "mite recite hand" (good right hand). ? Checks on Vietnam It is he who holds together the dedi- cated "low profiles" who work for Kis- singer while Henry cavorts in strange and foreign lands. It is through him that the, mountain of position papers on Vietnam, the Middle East, the Soviet. ? ? itiLl"?L') by Lloyd Shearer Union, South Africa, and act infinitum. is funneled. And it is he, Ntid thou t fanfare or publicity, who wings off to Vietnam every six months or so, to assess first- hand for the Rresident how things are really going. Last month Haig returned directly to San Clemerite from his eighth trip to Southeast Asia and briefed the Pres- ident on conditions in Vietnam and Cambodia. He was then trotted out on a non-attribution basis to the press, which described him as "an uniden- tified, high-ranking source." Although Al Haig has spent the past 27 years in the Army, "my entire adult life," he neither looks nor behaves like a military prototype. He is not obdu- rate or parochial. There is no rigidity to his mind, which is open and inquiring. or to his speech, which is academic and articulate. Haig Could very well be faken for a college professor or a diplomat, which in a sense he is. For diplomacy is cer:- tainly a requisite in getting on with taskmaster Kissinger whose tolerance ? quotient is low and personnel turnover high. ? Last month when Henry .invited Haig. to the swank Bistro restaurant, one of Kissinger's favorite restaurants in Bev- erly Hills, along with actres's Sally'Kel- lerman, Soviet Ambassador .Anatoli Dobrynin,,and a flock of screen colony Republican fat-cats, several waiters mis- took Haig-,--heaven help him, for an actor, STATI NTL Probabie inheritor : Should anything happen to ?Henry, like being appointed Secretary of State, or being incapacitated by one of his ? ? scorned girlfriends, Haig most probably would inherit Kissinger's job. Although philosophically Kissinger and Haig see eye to eye?both are con- ? servatives-??Haig as foreign affairs ad- viser to the President, would certainly avoid the spotlight Kissinger, by his na- ture, attracts. To begin with, Haig is a happily-mar- ried,-chuichgoing Roman Catholic. Son of a lawyer, he was born in Phila- delphia, attended parochial grade school in Cynwyd on the Main Line, moved up to St. Joseph's Prep and studied two years at Notre Dame before his appointment to West Point came through in 1944. His brother, a priest, is president of Wheeling College in West Virginia, and his sister,. Regina Meredith, an attorney in Pennington, N.J. Like many young men, Al. Haig set ? his eye on a service academy appoint- ment because it was a financial neces- sity. "My father died when I was 10," he explains, "and I had pretty much to fend for myself in terms of economics. I had newspaper routes, worked for the Rost Office, the Atlantic Refining Com- pany. I even worked as a floorwalker in the ladies' department of John Wana- maker's (a well-known department store in Philadelphia) to support myself." - ? . Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000600050001-4ont ii BALIIMORE N fames iftpliti6pediFickRel ease 2001/10,?/RIG:i kiSPkgb1 -Havana suspected. in the Wteigate break.in ? Scrabble, Va. States. It?would make sense Yalu'. He sees glorious vi- waiting time begins. It ends We had as our guest one to suppose that if the United sions of a headline in the. on June 17." . , ? night last week a gentleman, States could reverse its poi- Evening Star: 'Communist Our guest studied his glow- now retired, who had spent . icy toward China, the U.S. Dollars Back Democratic ing cigar. Over on Ilvd Oak his life in intelligence work. could reverse its policy to- Campaign.'. Then C sends a Mountain, the hounds of the The after-dinner conversa- ward Cuba. cryptic note up the line night hunters suddenly fal- i tion turned to the Watergate "But not under Nixon. The through the Nixon commit- tered and their cries sub- caper. Our guest had a few President, if I am not mis- tee. For $25,000, he hints, we sided. speculations to. offer. I pass taken, remains absolutely might buy something, worth "I doubt that the job was a million. Trust me, he says. as bungled as they say. I . them along. frosty toward Castro. He has The top people?John Mitch- suspect it was blown, proba- . By ? way of background: made not the slightest ges- ell and Maurice Stans?never bly by a double agent." We This bizarre affair broke into lure toward a Cuban rap- are told anything.. The ro- sat in silence for a while. the news in the early hours Prochement, but Havana mantics down below are kept "Smart fox," said our guest. of June 17, when five might well suppose that the almost as much in the dark: "He knew when to take were caught red-handed in Democrats, if they could put ' But the money changes cover. That's all for to- the then offices of the Democratic their man in the White hands in late April and the night." . : National Committee, located House, would take a. more i ? in the plush Watergate flolble view. 1 ? apartment complex in Wash- "So let us suppose, to be , ington. Their Mission, by supposing, that a decision is , ' every indication; was politi- made in Havana, at the high- 1 cal espionage. est levels of the Castro go'- Four of the five men had crnment, secretly to feel out 1 ? backgrounds in Miami, .- the Democrats on this score. j . i where they were identified This is maybe early' March. ! - with the Free Cuba, anti- The idea is to send an i .. James W. McCord, Jr., now emissary to the Democratic National Committee, rather than to any one of the candi- 1 _ ..was a former CIA employee, Castro movement. The fifth a private r onsultant on secu- dates, with a nice proposi- j rity , procedures. When it tion: lithe party would take 11 .transpired that Mr. McCord a sympathetic view toward 'numbered among his clients both the Committee for the Re-election ? of the President and the Republican National Committee,. the affair be- came the talk oi our town. And -much later, when the story broke that a $25.000 cashier's check, payable to the Nixon committee, had found its way to the bank account of one of the four 'Miami- suspects, the \Vater- fgate caper turned into a po- litical time bomb. "I am out of the game," 'said our gut. "I know noth- ing more than I have read in ; the papers. My own assign- ments never involved Cuba, I but My guess, all the same, : is that the key AO the Water- gate incident is 'not in Miami tilt:committee offices without : or in Washington, but in Ha- raising the least alarm. In vana." time they learn when he's coming?say, on June 19. But : ?We Were sitting out on the early 'on, they begin to think ' deck, listening to the night .in terms of a deal of their , noises?an owl, a whippoor- own. will, a pack of hounds on the "The Miami people get in trail of a fox. A soft breeze touch with their old CIA con- rippled the smoke of, our tacts in Washington?con- guest's cigar. tacts kept alive since the ' "Suppose," he said, "just Bay of Pigs. Would the- Be- lo be suilsag that gie nllhlir2nS be interested in ex- Castro g normalizing relations with Cuba, well, Cuba would take a sympathetic view of the Democrats' urgent need far campaign contributions. The proposition might not be put so bluntly, but the offer would be unmistakable: Money. Big money." He paused for a moment, intent on the hounds giving - chase. "Now suppose," he went on, "to be supposing, that the Free Cuba people in "Miami get .wind of the thing. We have to assume they maintain an excellent intelli- gence apparatus in Havana. Eventually they find out who the emissary will be?proba- bly a Washington or New York lawyer who could visit ott OVACie pr e easec200)1103/04 interested in normalizing re- Havana? A talks to B, and B lations with the - United talks to C, aid ? C is capti- . ? . STATINTL : CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 Approved For ReleastaRgail04T:AFIA-RDP80-016 7 'AUG 1972 JAMES J. K/LPATRICK .?,1 SCra ll WOOS on (A 1,,nK, vy a.t.einat: STATI NTL ? SCRABBLE, Va. ? We had as our guest one night last week? a gentleman, now retired, who had spent :his life in intelligence work. The after-dinner conversation turned to the Watergate caper. . vur guest had a few 'specula- - (ions 'to offer. I pass them along. By the Way of background: eThis bizarre affair broke into the news in the early hours of June 17, when five men were caught red-handed in the of- fices of the 'Democratic Na- tional Committee, located in . the plush Watergate apart- ment complex in Washington. :Their mission, by every indi- cation, 'was political espion- age. ? - Four of the five men had backgroundsin Miami, where they were identified with the -Free Cuba, witi-Castro .move- / ment. The fifth was a for- - Iner CIA employe, James W. _McCord -Jr., now a private consultant on security proce- dures. When it transpired that Mc- Cord numbered among his clients ,both the Committee . for the, Re-election of the ? -President ahd the Republican Rational Committee, the affair? ? became the talk .of our town. And much later, when the story broke that , a $25,000 cashier's check, payable to the Nixon committee, had found its way to the hank account of one of the foue :\Ilami -sus- pects, the Watergate Caper turned into a political time bomb. 'I am out of the game," said our guest. "I know noth- ing more than I have read in the papers. My own assign- ments never involved Cuba, but my guess, all the same, is that the key to the Watergate incident is not in Miami or in Washington, but in Havana."' We were sitting, out on the deck, listening to the night noises?an owl, a whippoor- will, a pack of hounds on the trail of a fox. A soft breeze rippled the smoke of. our guest's cigar. "Suppose," he said, "just to be suppesing, that the Cas- tro government is keenly in- terested in normalizing rela- tions with the United States. It would make sense to stai'-' pose that if the United States could reverse its policy to- ward China, the United States could reverse its policy toward Cuba. "But not under Nixon. The President, if I am not Mistaken, .remains absolutely - frosty' toward Castro. He has made not the. slightest ges- ture toward a Cuban rap- prochement, but Havana might well suppose that the Demo- crats, if they could put their man in ? the White House, would take- a more flexible view. "So let us suppose, to he supposing, that a decision is made in Havana, at the high- est levels- of the Castro gov- ernment, secretly to feel out ' 'the Democrats on this score. This is maybe early- March. The idea is to send an .emis- sary to the Democratic Na- tional Committee, rather than. to any one of the candidates, with a nice proposition: If the party would take a sympathe- tic view, toward normalizing relations with Cuba, well Cuba would take a sympathetic view of ,the.Derpocrats' urgent need for campaign contributions. The proposition might not be put so bluntly, but the offer would be unmistakable. Mon- ey. Big money." - He paused for a ? moment, intent on the hounds giving chase. "Now suppose" he went on, "to be supposing, ? that the Free Cuba people in Miami get wind of the 'thing. a t3S7 ? We have to assume they maintain an excellent iatelli- g,ence apparatus in Havana. Eventually they find out who the emissary will be?prob- ably a Washington' or New York isit ecolnalviyiettleewobtoliececs411?(NlitNhout' raising the least alarm. in ? time they learn when he's ? coming?say, on June O. I;11 early on, they begin to thi in terms of a deal of their Own. "The Miami peeple get in , touch with their old CIA con- r tads in Washington? con- ? tacts kept alive since the Bay of Pigs. Would the Repehli- cans be interested in eagns- ing a ? secret offer from lia- vana? A talks to B. and 11 talks to C, and C is capti- vated. "He sees glorious visions of a headline in The Evening Star: 'Communist Holies Back Democratic Cameaien.' Then C sends a cryptic. note up the line through the Nixon committee. For $23,00, he hints, we might buy some- thing worth a million. Trust me; he says. The top peeple ?JOhn Mitchell and Maur,ce Stans?never are teld- any- thing. The romantics .down below are kept almost as much in the dark. But the , money changes hands in late April and the waiting time be- - gins. It ends on June 17." Our guest studied his glow- ing cigar. Over on Red ()alt. Mountain, the hounds of the night hunters suddenly fal- tered and their cries subsided. "I doubt that the job was as bungled as they say. I, suspect it was blown, prob- ably by a double agent." We ,sat in silence for a while. "Smart fox," said our guest. "He knew when. to take' coy- ? et:That's all for tonight." Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 . Approved For ReleaseLgoolfont : CIA FTEE p-M$0-01 11-17 August 1972 -. , ? -1: 1 * i 1 ?1 ? r---3 i -1, ?---, 1 I .1 - 1 1 .. ? ? 1-7-; 7:1) tri:::\1.1.); , 1 , 1 ? ! .1 4 1 it ? 1 i 0 1 .-. 1 . ?, . . .1 ,i,)) Hil kii -I; i 4 - ? . 1 i 1 i ? 1 1 -?*1. \ .:1 I 1 if r: ? i i ?I l'ill 11.1 ' 1 11'1. li ? ?I --/ * i i 't i 't . ?? .. ? ie- _ -t-?_:_-_-.7. ' ? -2 1 t ?.:;__ 1-1 ? (-7-----\ L ?--1 ...- ? ? ? ri E3 . I ( 1 1 . ? . .1 lin.,r];-110 (71 (::z ii, '--q- -- I / i t ill .11 k I 1 1 ? 1, ! 1 ; ; t Li LJ LJ. Li Ti- ART KUNI(IN Less lhan two weeks before the opening.of the Republican National Corweotibn, a press conference held .at the Los Angeles Press Club heard woman speaker say that the .five me.n caught wiretapping the Democratic Party National Commit- tee- headquarters in Washington's Watergate Hotel were not only in- volved in. the Central Intelligence Agency, the Bay of Pigs, invasion, and.' President Kennedy's assassination but also with plans first revealed last year by Los Angeles Police informer Louis Tack- 'wood to disrupt the Republican National Convention. (See the Los Angeles Free Press, October 22, 1971.) These Charges were made by Mae Bruseell, a well. known private in- Vestigator into American political assassinations ion the past nine years. She was accompanied by Michael McCarthy 'of the Citizens 'ResearCh Investigation Committee.. one of the CRIC investigators who origirmlly. checked 'out Tackwood's charges, and Paul Krassner, editor of The Realist. The current issue of The Realist (August, 1972) contains a 20-page article by Ms. Brussels Which was distributed to the newsmen at the press conference as the basis for Ms. Brussels asser-. lions. - According to Itits. Brussel! the Watergate Hotel, located in Washington, D.C., was the home of John and Martha Mitchell at the time of the attempted wiretapping of the Democratie Party _National Commit- tee. John Mitchell, former Attorney General of the United States, had shortly before resigned that prestigious position to head the irn- Portant Committee to Re-Elect the President. ? ? 4 1 :7:r! ; I 1.4 X?-? is _ a a Pz. - ? 1.. ., n ln 0 ne? ef--?e, r 1 (7.,,, 'Iti... ";.I 1,1 gr,....j1 -I ?-, re...1 0 q , t?-?,..?:, .1' - ? 4 i . ,; i.7.7.. ? ,.. ; , - :.i i-?: l ..?7.;? (.1'it i ???.t ? ? , . !:.'i .:"?.-.7.! i...,,I:i::.,"...-?'??,',...,) ? i,..::1!::1 ?\ ,?-?.4;?;.il . L ,.?., u.. LI k...:,. (-?:.:L.??,!!. ?;.? , .,;:i .1,4v: L1(,..,:\ i4,.J ij Li 41 ',;',..)? '...-,..i.i . - -- - - _ _ii i.i ii Also housed in the Watergate Hotel complex are the offices of the Democratic National Committee. In the early morning hours of June 17, 1972, five men were arrested removing parts 'of the ceilpg. from .the sixth floor 'panels in the' Democratic National Headquarters. These men possessed expensive electronic equipment, cameras.' walkie-talkies. burglary tools, and other James Bond aeceSsories. Two of the men, arrested had in their posession telephone num- ber of Howerd Hunt White Houeet7 ? consuitant who had wevicusly work- ed With the CIA for 21 years. James McCord, Jr.. employed as/ Chief of Security for Mitchell's Com- mittee to Re-Elect Richard Nixon, ? was one of the? five men arrested. McCord was formerly employed by the CIA for nineteen years, having left two years' .previously at ap- proximately the same time as Hunt. McCord's position with the CIA was thief of Security over the entire groimds of the immerie corn- . . pound at Langley, Virginib. Accord- ing to Mae Brussell, this Put McCord in a very high, responsible position in relation to.CIA Director Helms who could not conceivably carry out any ? II' ,planning without, relying On McCord to ensure that CIA plans were kept secret. Nine persons (all registered with false names suspiciously similar to names used in novels written by HoWard Hunt) stayed at the )Alatergate. Hotel May 26 to 29, and 'again June 17 and 18. Five of them, the night of their arrest, were discovered in the Democratic Party . ? , r.-:?1 re?-?? ? - ?\?'-k . . ? , According 'to Don Freed' of CRIC (who was not at the press con- ference but submitted ?. additional material to the Free press), within six weeks of the first arrests it was' known that at least 12 men and 91.14,000 were involved, and that the invaders were discovered putting. forged documents of some kind into files, not taking papers. oui. They were not burglars, they were not functioning with a "bugging" budget .or with the numbers usually associated with mere -wiretapping. (We must. caution, however, that the Free Press .bas no means at present of' independently verifying facts such as documents being planted instead of being removed, and that Don Freed, evidently, bases much of his information on a collation from such sources as the Washington Post, which has .published carefully documented .ar- ticles on the 'raid. Freed has ale? made investigative trips to' Washington, D.C.). Following the raid, a million dollar suit was fi,led by the Democrats against the Committee for the Re- Election of the President for corn- pensatory and punitive damages to the Democratic headquarters. The Nixon Committee then asked a U.S. District. Court to postpone the suit 'until after 'the November 7th eleo- tion. To hear the suit before the election, the CoMmittee said,' coulal deter campaign workers and con- tributions, force disclosure of con- fidential information and otherwise Cause "incalculable damage" to President Nixon's camppign. ? , STATINTL Approved ForiVeast100110r4i'MA-RDP80-01601.R000500050001-4. Is notice pieces o scotch, ? ? over the door locks. Washington police arrived and maele the arrests - -8-orrt Irma& Approved For Releasei2LiAVIbijijill: CIA-RDP80-0 As every loyal McGovernite knows, a ton of bricks weighs more than a shoe. He knows because he has seen the ton of bricks fall on the Democratic ticket, as originally constituted, in a manner that would do credit to a novel by Allen Drury - or _ Fletcher Knebel.- Yet out of the debris has emerged the Mc- Govern-Shriver ticket -plus a strong conviction among Demo- crats that the worst must be over, that the ton of bricks has fallen, and election day is still a blessed. three -months in the future. All of which should arouse com- passion in kind hearts for the hapless Nixonite. He ? believes,- he . suspects, he even knows by all the logic of third-grade arithmetic, that a ton of bricks weighs more than a shoe. But dark and linger- - . ing doubts persist because the ton of bricks has already dropped on ? the Democrats with a very ptiblic thud but the shoe keeps dangling, Antalizingly, in the shadows, its weight and velocity and point of inmact still unk.nown. ? ? . ? ? The dangling Republican shoe in -question has become known fat anti wide as. .the "Watergate Caper." It started when five men carrying electronic bugging. and camera copying equipment were arrested in the middle of a June ' night at the Democratic National lammittee headquarters in Wash- . The Watergate Cape By JOSEPH R. L. STERNE Ington's plush Watergate apart- ment complex. Cynics who doubt there is such a thing as a secret in the Democratic party could not help wondering just what the in- truders were up to and who had financed them with how much money and from what source. ? ? ? As is befitting any good political whodunit, the answers to these basic questions are being withheld as the drama mounts. But we do have an accumulation of intriguing evidence as the plot reaches higher and higher and higher into the upper levels of the Nixon administration. We now know: (a) that all five intruders had past connections with the Central Intelligence Agency and the abortive Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba; (b) that one of. them. John W. McCord, Jr., was the former security coordina- tor for the Committee for the Re-election of the President; (ci. that two intruders had notebooks bearing the name of E. Howard Hunt, a White house part-time consultant and former CIA agent who has been unavailable for grand jury testimony; (d) that 825,000 deposited and later with- drawn from the Miami bank ac- count of the alleged leader of the intruders, one Bernard Barker, had been raised by the Republican finance chairman for the Midwest .who, in turn, had given this money ? STATI NTL I fill _fill _fill to no less than Maurice Stens, former Secretary of 'Commerce and Mr. Nixon's national finance chairman,. who, in turn, reportedly passed it to Hugh W. Sloan, Jr., former treasurer of the finance committee of the Committee for the Re-election of the President, who resigned July 14 after refus- ing to answer questions from the Federal Bureau of Investigation; (e) that another $89,000 went into Barker's account via a Mexican bank, a method that arouses suspi- cions that someone was trying to hide the source of these funds; ) that Barker had made several telephone calls to G. Cordon ' Liddy, an attorney for the Com- mittee for the Re-election of the President Who was fired June 28 after he spurned an FBI interroga- tion; (g) that John Mitchell, for- sfrner Attorney General, resigned as the President's campaign manager three days later, ostensibly be- cause-his wife Martha had insisted he resume private life or she would leave him. ? ? ? 1/ No doubt more clues will come to the surface, despite the best coverup efforts of the Republicans: The General Accounting Office, a watchdog agency ofthe Congress, is asking whether the GOP cam- paign funds were diverted for the financing of the Watergate Caper and if the Republicans have vio- lated a strict new law requiring public disclosure of all contribu- tors after April 7, 1972. The FBI and a Federal grand jury are investigating the break-in attempt at the Wateegate to determine if there are grounds for criminal indictments. Senator William Proximire is demanding that a special prosecutor without political connections be named to the case because the Justice Department cannot be expected to pursue the case and defend government fig- ures at the same time. Finally, the Democrats are pushing. a $1 million CiVii damage suit despite GOP attempts to postpone litiga- tion until after election day on the ground that this could cause "in- calculable" harm ? to the Nixon campaign. ? ? ? It is reasonable to assume that the President's well-financed, smoothly .running campaign far a second term may indeed be harmed by the NVatergate Caper. The case, despite its entertaining qualities, raises serious quesiions about the methods used by some of the President's associates and the commitment of the administra- tion itself to the spirit as well PS the letter of the new campaien-ti- Dancing law that hears Mr. Nix- on's signature. Although the shoe may bounce on a few skulls, it would be better for the country and perhaps less painful to the GOP to let it drop than to keep it dangling until' election day. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 Approved For ReleasAMIA/Q4s:ICIA-RDP80-0 8 AUG 1972 Cuba STATI NTL No Signs of Drift- Back to Free E Reuter HAVANA ? Socialist Cuba appears to be in for a period of ideological consoli- dation ? while remaining as far ? as ever from an rap- prochement with the United States. Thirteen years after Fidel Castro's revolution there are no signs of a weakening of the power structure or of a drift back to the free-en- terprise system. Some observers see the Castro regime's present in- sistence on ideological pu- rity as reflecting a fear of "deviationism" or "reform- ism" which might under- mine a socialist regime from within, as events in Cze- choslovakia in 1968 are held to have done. Certainly if there are fears, they are not of mili- tary aggression from the United States?still less from Culaan exile groups in Florida. That threat was dis- posed of in the unsuccessful Bay of Pigs invasion staged by the exiles with CIA back- ing in April. 1961. Firm Ideology Now the emphasis has shifted from military readi- ness?Cuba has one of the strongest armies in Latin America?to the need for a firmer national ideology. This is one of the main conclusions that Castro seems to have brought back from his two-month tour of several African and East Eu- ropean countries, which ended on. July 0. His find- ings were endorsed in a dec- laration by the Cuban Com- munist Party's Central Com- mittee, meeting for the first time since 1968. The declaration supported Castro's view that a success- ful struggle against imperi- alism must be linked with "a sustained ideological bat- tle against chauvinistic, re- formist, revisonist, oppor- tunist and neutralist 'posi- tions as well as against bourgeois liberalism." Cuban Demands As regards the United States. the Central Commit- tee's ' declaration said: "An improvement of relations is not possible as long as U.S. policy remains dominated by ideas of supremacy and of an international reaction- ary police force directed against Cuba and other Latin American countries." Castro went even further in a nationwide address on July 26, Cuba's national day. He said Cuba was ready to remain 5, 10, 20 or 30 years without relations with the United States. ,e1. a ,rise Cuba limited itself to un- conditionally demanding U.S. withdrawal from the Guantanamo naval base in eastern Cuba, the end of the U.S. economic embargo, and the end of support for exile activity against Cuba. Mutual relations could not improve while the United States assumed the right to interfere in any Latin Amer- ican country, because Cuba represented a standpoint of principle in the continent, Castro said. - He added that no eco- nomic advantage could tempi. Cuba since in any case the island no longer de- pended on U.S. trade. -Our future is assured without United States help," he declared. Castro described Presi- dent Nixon as a worse crimi- nal than Adolf Hitler, and warned Washington not to underestimate the Soviet Union's support for 'Viet- nam. Mrs. Binh Present with him on the platform in Havana's Revo- lution Square was Mrs. Ngu- yen Thi Binh, chief Vietcong negotiator at the Paris peace talks. A large section of Castro's address was devoted to praising the Soviet Union, with whom Cuba's relations had long been cool after Moscow backed down in the 1962 missile crisis. Castro said he looked forward to strong bonds between the Soviet Union and a united - Latin America. "Our future fatherland is Latin America," he went on, but he pointed out that Latin America wOuld- first have to make a social and anti-imperialist revolution, which could take many years. In the meantime, Cuba would link up economically with the socialist camp he said, referring to Cuba's ad- mission this month into Co- mecon, the East European trading organization. His speech named five Latin American countries as friendly or progressive ? Peru,. Chile, Panama, Mex- ico and neighboring Ja- maica. Peru has just re- sumed diplomatic relations with Havana, and Mexico never broke off relations when other Latin countries Jamaica, which maintains consular relations with Cuba, has been considering full diplomatic relations. Chile's leftist government has recognized Cuba, .and the nationalist Panamanian regime has recently been warming up to the Castro government. Economic Front Domestically, austerity continues for the 8.600,000. Cubans, but most industries have reported increased pro- duction: However, the key sugar harvest was disappointingly small this year. No produc- tion figure was published, but informed diplomatic sources said it amounted to 4.5 million tons of sugar compared with 8.5 million in 1970 and just under 6 mil- lion in 1971. In 1970 almost all the nation's resources were put into the effort to achieve a 10 million-ton har- vest- In 1971 and 1972 sugar was de-emphasized, Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 Approved For Release490Mia/MECIA-RDP80-016 G AUG .1972 STATI NTL Raid: P7.1 ? ? in Watercrate e.D v - ?alma . WASHINGTON?Only a day after five men were caught breaking into Democratic headquarters in the Water- , gate apartments here last June, one of them was identified as a security agent for both the Republican National Committee and the Committee for the Re-election of .the President. A day or so after that, it was found that two other men in the raiding party had in their possession address books and other papers bearing the name of a man who has served, at least until re- cently, as a part-time consultant to the White House. John N. Mitchell, the former Attor- ney General then serving as President Nixon's campaign manager, dismissed these developments as coincidental. Neither the White House nor the G.O.P. political apparatus bore any responsi- bility for the June 17 incident, he an- nounced. ?-/ The security agent, James W. Mc- Cord Jr., appeared merely to boss uni- formed guards. The consultant, E. 'Howard Hunt Jr., was said. to have worked on stopping the drug traffic and on declassifying the Pentagon pa- pers. Routine stuff, it was said. More titillating, it seemed, was the fact that all six had past connections with the Central Intelligence Agency. V They also had been involved in the Bay of Pigs invasion, and all but Mr. McCord and Mr. Hunt live in Miami, a city rife with fancifel but mostly im- practical anti-Castro schemes. The five men were carrying bugging equipment, copying cameras and large sums of money. When arrested, they ? gave' the police fictitious names. And there were 'reports that the raid on the Democrats was only one in a se- ries of policially inspired enterprises. It was all quite mysterious?and highly diffuse. But, as in .a typical who- dunk, new evidence kept popping up as days passed. And most of it led to. the Republicans, whose discomfort has been increasing steadily and notice- ably the last two weeks. The bits of information being pieced together last week included the following: . The telephone records of the alleged. leader of the break-in, Bernard L.' Barker, showed repeated calls to the office and home numbers in Washing- ton of G. Gordon Liddy, 42-year-old lawyer for Mr. Nixon's re-election committee. It turned out that Mr. Liddy, who worked on fund-raising matters, had been dismissed on June 28 for refusing to answer questions concerning the raid put to him in the presence of his counsel by agents of the Federal Bu- reau of Investigation. The Democrats immediately noted that Mr. Mitchell, who-had dismissed Mr. Liddy, resigned on July 1. This, they suggested, was prompted not by his wife's Well-known demand that he drop out of politics but because his men had been caught red-handed. ?. A S25,000 cashier's check, payable to the Midwest finance chairman for the Republicans, passed in and out of a Miami bank account controlled by ' Mr. Barker in Ara. The chairman, . Kenneth H. Dahlberg, explained last week that the check represented money collected in Boca .Raton from ? campaign contributors. Mr. Dahlberg also said he person-- ally handed the check to Maurice H. Stans, the former, Secretary of Com- merce now serving as Mr. Nixon's chief money raiser. He said he had no idea how the check wound up in Mr. - Barker's bank. Mr. Stalls has refused any comment. Four other checks, totaling SS9,000, passed through Mr. Barker's account at about the same time. They were drawn on the Banco Internacional of Mexico City, but the ultimate source of these funds remained obscure. Bank- ing authorities regarded the handling of all five checks as irregular. Despite these !inks to the Nixon campaign, the essential mystery re- mains. Those who planned the raid (it seemed likely that persons other than those arrested had been involved) , were unidentified. And, above all, the purpose of the break-in ,seemed ob- scure. But these details are never explained ? until the last chapter. ? ?WALTER RUGABER Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 STATINTL Approved For Releas$A9M614g0f0:s1A-RDP80-01601 6 AUG 1972 ,:?017-'-si?eti ? ,11. 4t4r T1711 ' t, 1. 1., 1 1.Cr By Leslie II. Gelb end Morton ill. Halperin Unless polities were involved, Mit. Clif- ford would not even be at this confer- ence. This is a serious matter of for- eign policy determination . . ." Clif- ford remained at the meeting and, after some hesitation; the United States recognized Israel. .The moral merits of U.S. support of Israel notwithstanding, ho one doubts. Jewish influence on Washington's pol- icy toward the :Middle East. And yet, years later, in their memoirs, both Tru- man and Dean Acheson denied at great length that the decision to recog- nize Israel was in any way affected by U.S. domestic politics. A powerful myth is at work here. It holds that national security is too im- portant, too sacred, to be thin ted by crass domestic pofitical considerations. It is a matter of lives and the safety of the nation. Votes and influence at home should count for nothing. Eight? Wrong. National security and domestic reactions are inseparable.. What could be clearer than the fact that President Nixon's Vietnam troop reductions are geared more to American public-opin- ion than to the readiness of the Saigon forces to defend themselves? Vet .the myth makes it had form for govern- ment officials to talk about domestic politics (except to friends and to re- porters off the record) or even to write about politics later in their memoirs. And what is bad form on the inside would be politically disastrous if it were leaked to the outside. Imagine the press getting hold of a secret gov- ernment document that said: "Presi- dent Nixon has decided to visit China to capture the peace issue for the '72 elections. He does not intend or expect anything of substance to. be achieved by his trip?except to scare the Rus- sians a little." Few things are moite se- rious that thy charge of playing poli- tics with security. Nevertheless, the President pays a -price for the silence imposed by the myth. One cost is that the President's assumption about what public opin- ion will and will not support Are never questioned. No official, for example, ever .dared to write a scenario ?for President JOhnsen showing him how to forestall the .right-wing MeCarthyite HE AVERAGE newspaper reader in the 1950s must have asked: Why don't we take some of our troops sitit of Europe? Ike himself said we didn't need them all there. Later, in 1961, after the tragicomic Bay of Pigs inva- sion, the reader asked: Dow did Presi- dent Kennedy ever decide to do such a. damn fool thing? Or later, about Vietnam: Why does President John- son keep on bombing North Vietnam when the bombing prevents negotia- tions and doesn't get Hanoi to stop . the fighl:ing.? Sometimes ?the answer to these ques- tions is simple. It can be attributed squarely to the President. He thinks ?it's right. Or he believes he has no choice. As often, as not, though, the an- swer lies elsewhere?in the special in- terests and procedures of the bureau- - cracy and the convictions of the bureaucrats. If. you look at foreign policy as a largely rational process of gathering in- formation, setting the alternatives, de- fining the national interest and mak- ing decisions, then much of what the President does will not make sense. But if you look at foreign policy as bu- reaucrats pursuing organizational, personal and domestic political inter- ests, as we41 as their own beliefs about what is right, you can explain much of the inexplicable. In pursuing these interests and be- liefs, bureaucrats (and that means ev- eryone from Cabinet officials to politi- cal appointees to career civil serv- ants) usually follow their own version of the Ten Commandments: ? 1 DON'T DISCUSS domestic politics 1-* on issues involving war and peace. On May 11, 1948, President Truman lied a meeting in the White House to discuss recognition of the new state of Israel. Secretary of State George Mar- shall and Under Secretary Robert Lovett spoke first. They were against it., It would unnecessarily alienate 40. million Arabs. Truman next asked Clark Clifford then special coun- sel, to the President, to speak. Arguing for, the moral element of U.S. policy and.the need to contain communism in the Middle East, Clifford favored rec- ognition. As rel tions of domestic politics to screen in- formation from the President or to ? eliminate options from his considera- tion. . 2;SAY what will convince, not what . you believe. ? ? In the early months of the Kennedy administration, CIA officials responsi- ble: for covert operations faced a diffi- cult challenge. President Eisenhower had permitted them to begin training a group of Cuban refugees for an Ameri- can-supported invasion of Castri's Cuba. In order to carry out the pla,e thdy then had to win approval from a skeptical new President whose entou- rage included some "liberals" likely to appose it. . The Cl, director, Allen Dulles, and his assistant, ?Richard. Bissell, both vet- eran bureaucrats, moved effectively to isolate the opposition. By highlighting the e-xtreme sensitivity of the opera. tion, they persuaded Kennedy to ex- clude from deliberations. most of the experts in' Stale and the CIA itself, and many. of the Kennedy. men in the White House. They reduced the effec- tiveness of others by refusing to leave any papers behind to be analyzed; they swept in, presented their case and swept out, taking everything with them. But therem remained the problem of the' skeptical President. Kennedy feared that if the operation was a com- plete failure he would look very bad. Dulles and Bissell assured him that complete failure was impossible. If the invasion force could not establish a beachhead, the refugees, well-trained in guerrilla warfare, would head for the nearby mountains. The assurances were persuasive, the on1:7 difficulty being that they were false. Less than a third of the force- had had any guer- rilla training; the nearby mountains were separated from the landing beach by an almost impenetrable swamp; and none of the invasion leaders was in- structed to head for the hills if the in- vasion failed (the CIA had promised them American intervention). rcRid(ForFeleasen2ootioeyofittiom-.Rf80-01601R000500050001- in. "Genesis 1948, Marshallexplooe : out of Vietnam. Another cost is that Oit.intlOe "Nils President, this is not s matter to h,y:Yrnicrats, in thpir if,norance Of pres- be determined on the basis of polities. yiyws will use their own no-. STA1 se 20011Y037g4 SFA-RDP 2 AUG 1972 WEI d -BOOKS . (7\ (izq d By ROGER JELLINEK New York Times News Service In 1941 a British naval intelligence officer named Ian Fleming recommend- ed to Gen. William (Wild Bill) Donovan that he recruit as American intelligence officers men of "absolute discretion, sobriety, devotion to duty, languages, and wide experience." Donovan, a World War I hero and successful Wall Street lawyer, understood the fantasies of writers and presidents, and in a memo to President Roosevelt promised an in- ternational secret service staffed by young officers who were "calculatingly reckless," with "disciplined daring" and - trained for "aggressive action." The Office of Strategic Services came to include such James Bonds as John Birch, Norman 0. Brown, David K. E. Bruce, Dr. Ralph J. Bundle, William Bundy, Michael Burke, Julia Child, Clark Clifford, John Kenneth Galbraith, John W. Gardner and Arthur J. Gold- berg. There were others Sterling Hayden, August Heckscher, Roger 0. ?Hilsman, Philip llorton, H. Stuart Hughes, Clark M. MacGregor, Herbert Marcuse, Henry Ringling North. And still others: John Oakes, Walt W. Bes- tow, Elmo Roper, Arthur M. S-chlesitmer Jr., Ralph de Toledano ? to name just a few of the hundreds in this book by R. Harris Smith. SMITH, WHO WAS in the trade him- self, resigning in 1968 after a "very brief, uneventful, and unclistinentishcd association with the most misunderstood bureaucracy of the American govern- ment," the Central Intelligence Agency, now lectures in political science at the University of California's Extension Division. "This history of America's first central intelligence agency" is "secret" because Smith was denied ac- cess to OSS archives, and so had to rely on the existing literature supplemented by some 200 written and verbal recollec- tions of OSS alumni. The book is densely packed with the bewildering variety of OSS exploits in . World War II: Spying, sabotage, propa- ganda, military training missions, poli- ticking and coordinating resistance groups against the Germans. OSS agents had to compete as much with their allies as with their enemies. OSS: The Secret History of America's First Central Intelligence Agency. By R. Harris Smith. Univ. of California Press. 458 pages. Illustrated. .510.95. In France and Switzerland, where Alle Dulles operated, the British SOE (Special Operations Executive) was especially grudging. In Germany itself, the OSS lost out to more orthodox Ameri- can military intelligence, though para- doxically they were strongly represent- ed at Nuremberg, where Gen. Donovan was himself a deputy prosecutor ? at the same time that the head of the Nazi secret service, Gen. Reinhard Gehlen, was under OSS protection in .exchange for his intelligence network in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union: From present perspective the most (literally) intriguing story is that of the OSS in China and Indochina. There were both pro-Communists and anti-Commu- nists in the OSS, and most agents sympa- thized with Asian nationalists so that the OSS aided Thai partisans against the British and, of course, more famously, the Vietminh against the French in Lear, and Vietnam (an OSS. medic saved Ho Chi Minh's life). Smith's retelling of the tragicomedy of Indochina after the Jap- anese surrender in 1945, with Vichy and Gaullist French, British, Chinese and the Vietminh jockeying for control, makes a fascinating setpiece. The book ends with an accoent of the transformation of the OSS into its "mirror image," the CIA Smith's. admi- ration for the OSS's wartime preema- tism, its "tradition of dissent" and its anticolonialism suggests his thesisaThat the OSS/CIA has been made the straw man of the radical and liberal left. In fact, he asserts, the CIA has been the principal guardian of liberal Values in the "intelligence commttnity." HE REMINDS US that the CIA fought Sen. Joseph R. MeCarthy; and he argues that the CIA's campaign to fund anti-Communist liberals successfully undermined international Communist organizations and disarmed the paea- noid anti-Communism of the FBI and others at home. He notes that CIA liber- als worked against Batista for Castro, who betrayed them, allowing the CIA conservatives to plan the Bay of Pigs action. Finally, he points to the evidence in the Pentagon Papers that the CIA has been a critic of the Vietnam War from the beginning.. : But the question remains whether the OSS "tradtion of dissent" is mean- ingful, whether it doesn't compromise liberals as much as aid them. Smith's book is full of cryptic references to for- mer OSS agents now prominent in inter- national business and finance. CIA liber- alism has not prevented a number of CIA-fomented coups d'etat in favor of military regimes. Even CIA liberal criti- cism of the war in Vietnam seems to have had little effect on policy. All might be fair in time of war, but Smith ought to have scouted the need for a permanent bureaucracy part of whose function is. officially devoted to clandestine political manipulations abroad in time of "peace." ...Y.. ??????? Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 Le/ Approved For ReleiaSe1/21243f03fE4VVIDIXRDP8 1 Atte:List 1972 _rl:rt ttt - ? .: ? ? ? ki;;;;I: L; s r Lh Churles Hence The American intelli- gence et fort eluriirt World War II, as deserilL:=d here ' 'yesterday, was composed ? of a-weird mixture of ith4h seciet y, assas.sination teams ? and es en poll uw- ranhy. ? The ellorts of toe Oi?fice et -Strategic Seri iceS, the fore- ... runner of the CE'lltrai IA 1 moth- . el-Teni- Hoover Institution at Stan- if Adolf Hitler. because or ford University. his bizrirre ment In al alt.-2np. By' no mans a dedicated caught sight of a sineje soppwier of the CIA, Smith, /Piece'oJr Ile el:- said that the seeds tor thisv fed might' v'ell 'Live hini apparatus that er-i7)'? Armed with this intelli- iumbled 1?),t;y of P!;s; i op- coa \vele usa eiu ags sprA-0-, toot of dollarg cor- by the old OSS years ago. 11,1: the market on German During World War li = porilography ?literally tons Smith said, members of the of int-enc'citu-'1 "mintl- The as: Smith re- veiiuc nity eladly signed on svith counts: it, was to drop the ..inco by R. hams ;?=,tintli. a the OS.S. dirty stuff on Iliti?Jr's head- ? former CIA inteiligenee.rala- Former operative. Smith quarters and then, presimia- ' lyst. said, included Herbert -Mar- lily, to wait or the V. al' 10 SMilh SPO'Ke at a ness cus, political mentor of An- end as soon as Hitler went : .cOnlerenee to announce 1.te gela Davis. and italph devinito psycho. publication of his c 'Toledrino, far-right column- The plan '.m as aborted, '?:"OSS 'Foe Secret- Hi- cry 1st. however, when the Army 'iji Amrrica's First ?Ce:t.-td. Esen the gentle Julia Air Forces colonel who was ? Intelligence Agency.'' Chili.. who now has a cook- ing program on television, Sm1 raid the Oss, h,? was enlisted as an intelli- gence records keeper in wartime . Choolting,t, Smith said. Hollowing World War If after the OSS had enga.,:_..r.ed in everything from gitn- running to demolitions work ? the CIA simply began to? do the same thing. Smith said. Ed slirmil before Pearl it.... lior was imnbed on De-?. - i -I.9H. r-r.rtinl.)!y h:IrboreL; - , c.lara!Aet con-Lb:nation 10.)N.nk :-iic.1 left told ,.. ? wing radwals the world ,?t: ever sot-a. I. The mission of the Oss. icommanded by General V.-ll? ?:liani Joseph Donovan, ' espionage, sabotage a n e -"subversion of hostile govern- , ments. ? -- At one time, Smith s-gA -'.Donovan had on his payroll /such luminaries as Willian sisl Bundy, Henry Rin gnu g ?. North of circus fame, Arthur Goldberg ? later U.S. am- -' bassador to the United Na- tions ? and Dr. Ralph J. : Bunche. TL' None of the ahoy?, Smith .- hastened to add, ever actu- ally assassinated anyone. Smith said he interviewed , --more than 209 former OSS ?- operatives in researching --7 the book and was given ac- s---- cess to secret papers at the ? 'VICTIMS The problem, lie said. wat that sonic of the CIA's vic- -tiros were yesterday's allies. The remnants of the OSS were absorbed into the new- ly formed CIA in 1947 and not many liberals survived the. political purges of the late Senator Joseph McCar- thy in the years that fol- 'lowed. Smith said. Indeed, it seems certain ft.at, the p3rson .who hatched a plot to drive 'Hitler mad during World War II could be found in the silent and maligned ranks of today's CIA, As Smith told it. -OSS psy- chiatrists had a scheme that ,/ STATINTL R.! HARRIS SMITH The author ? to have droprr'.'4 the sinutpv stun heard about it. enrEed the e:),'S jean iacs and swore he wol.ild rnt risk the life. of air- mail for such a crazy opera- tion,' Smith said. STATI NTL Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 How Approved For Release aglifig3phis9ORNI3g-016 August 172 Bu?shonss -Bollziers.Our Intellrnce eleneas: From building eyes in the sky to advising Presidents, businessmen are deeply involved in an essential but hush-hush *national activity High over the Eurasian land mass, two Project 647 .salellites (Made in U.S.A.) ? Patrol unusual "dwelling" orbits, their delicate sensors watching for a missile launching in the Soviet Union or a nuclear explosion in Chi- na. ?A propulsion engineer in a secure, windowless California office calcu- -, - laths the range of an Egyptian anti- /shipping missile from data gathered . 'V by the Central Intelligence Agency. A_ computer analyst in Boston, his advice needed by the code-breaking ; National Security Agency, ? hops a plane to. Washington. And a corpo- rate executive answers the Presi- dent's - personal plea for some unpub- licized counsel on how to reorganize, the Defense Intelligence Agency. American industry, a world leader in advanced technology, is deep into the complexities of modern intelli- gence work?and much quieter about it than a swinging dames Bond. . The U.S. intelligence establish- ment, once comparatively simplj, is now. huge as well as highly sophisti- cated, costing the government some $6 billion a Year and directly employ- ing 200,000 men and women. One expert has estinmted that 70 per cent of this money and manpow- er .is inextricably involved with the science and technology that, in less than two decades, have revolution- ized an essential national activity? essential despite the thaw in the Cold War'. ? ? .The revolution began one ecen-f- ber afternoon in 1954 when .Trevor Gardner, a former California busi- ?nessman who was the Air Force's re- search and development chief, picked up his Pentagon telephone to make a ' call at the CIA's?request. The 'man h called was Clarence (Kelly) -John- son, Lockheed Aircraft Corp.'s chief designer, in Burbank, Calif. Nineteen' months later, Mr. 'Johnson's ubiqui- tous U-2--designed, built and. tested in an atmosphere of extreme secrecy --made its first spy flight for the CIA over the Soviet Union. Today, the U-2 still flies recon- . naissance missions over Cuba, poten- tial Latin American trouble spots and the troubled deserts Of the Middle East. Its intelligence "coOr" was blown in 1960 when a Soviet missile knocked Francis Gary Powers from the sky over Sverdlovsk. But its cam- eras still rank among the world's best, it can slip over a target :more easily than a satellite?and it remains an undisputed symbol of modern, tech- nological espionage. . Ironically, Lockheed did almost as much to push the U-2 into the open? by creating superior spycraft, and therefore reducirig the 'need for secre- cy about it?as the Sverdlovsk marks- men did. By. 1960,. work was well along on a supersonic successor air- craft, the Lockheed SR-71, and on in- creasingly sophisticated spacecraft that keep an entire planet under ob- servation. Under the peculiar rules of the in- telligence game, Lockheed can admit_ what everyone already knows?that the U-2 was and is a spy plane. How- ever, it can only concede that the Air Force SR-71 has "strategic reconnais- sance" as its mission. And .the com- pany cannot even discus s the fact that its Agena rockets have carried almost every American spy satellite launched in the past dozen years. The rocket's role T.aboratories, Bell T n elco ioe a Jora- \Am-jos, RCA and Philco-Ford, Itek Corp., Eastman Kodak Co., Perkin- Elmer Co., Aerojet-General Corp., TRW .Inc.?as well as thousands of smaller suppliers. ? Only when first cousins of clandes- tine devices developed for intelli- gence work show up in civilian life? in the camera system of the Lunar Orbiter, for example?can companies take oblique credit for ?remarkable technical achievements. Industrialist John A. McCone, who V ucceecled aging spyinaster Allen W. Dulles as Central Intelligence Agen- cy director in 1961, and is now back in industry, is given much of ? the credit foi harnessing industry and technology 'to the intelligence com- munity's needs. ? "Dulles had no background for this kind of thing," a top intelligence ex- j ecutive recalls. "McCone had heacledV the Atomic Energy Commission and been Under Secretary of the Air Force, and he- fancied himself sonic- thing of an engineer. . "He wasn't afraid of the tech- nological game." ? The simple communication link that Mr. Gardner used to order the U-2 from Mr. Johnson still operates. "We can pick up the phone to a West Coast. contractor and say, `Go ahead,'" an intelligence :official. re- ports. "Research and development is different in this field than in the mili- tary services. We are just plain less bureaucratic. "Contractors'say it is a pleasure to deal with us because they can get de- cisions quickly. The security rules. . are hard to live with, but they are more than counterbalanced by the lack of complications." . The leading consumer of new in-? telligence technology, the CIA, ini- tiates more than 50 per cent of the. R&D projects it sponsors but de- ?pends on industry for many new ideas. Surprisingly, it and the .other intelligence agencies also depend heavily on, companies for analytical help. "We don't contract out 'current business' [the hottest new intelli- gence data] but we might ask some- one to do a six-month exhaustive study, say, on the accuracy of an ICBM," one government intelligence official explains. ? While the U-2 clearly marked the beginning of the new espionage; the rocket quickly proved a far more dra- matic instrument of change. Sputnik I, launched 'on Oct. 4, 1957, left no doubt that rocketry had altered man's destiny. And the prying eye of the intel- ligence camera soon peered down from 100 Miles in space, rather than 100,000 feet. Big names in the high- Approved For Releatgg' IjOtift4Eas ClAilbaq- cruite -VI ?lectric r o., STATI NTL ; Approved For Release 295p9M4rirtI6A-RDP80-01 26 JUL 1972 Books of The Times 1. Wonderful Wizards of O.S.S. By ROGER SELLINEK OSS. The Secret History of America's ? First . -Central Intelligence Agency. By R. Harris Smith. Illustrated. 458 Pages. University of California Press. $10.95. In 1941 a British Naval Intelligence offi- cer named Ian Fleming recommended to Japan. Cardinal Montini is now Pope Paul Gen. William (Wild Bill) Donovan that he VI. . recruit as American intelligence officers O.S.S. agents had to compete as much men of "absolute discretion, sobriety, de- with their allies as with their enemies. In votion to duty, languages, and wide expe; France and Switzerland, where Allen , rience." Donovan, a World War I hero and Dulles operated, the British S.O.E. (Special successful Wall Street lawyer, understood Operations Executive) was especially the fantasies of writers and Presidents, and grudging. In Germany itself, the O.S.S. in'a memo to President Roosevelt promised lost out to more orthodox American mu- an international secret service staffed by tary intelligence, 'though paradoxically young officers who were "calculatingly they were strongly' represented at Nurem- reckless," with "disciplined daring" and , berg, where General Donovan was himself trained for "aggressive action." ' a deputy prosecutor?at the same time i that the head of the Nazi Secret Service, The Office of.Strategic Services came to Gen. Reinhard Gehlen, was under O.S.S. include such James Bonds as John Birch, protection in exchange for his intelligence Norrhan* 0. Brown, David K. E. Bruce, Dr. network in Eastern Europe and Rusia. Ralph J.'Biinche, William Bundy, Michael Burke, Julia Child, Clark Clifford, John Role in the Far East. ? Kenneth Galbraith, John W. Gardner, From present perspective the most Arthur '3. Goldberg- and Murray Gurfein. (literally) intriguing story is that of the There were others?Sterling Hayden, Au- O.S.S. in China and Indochina. There were gust Heckscher, Roger 0. Hilsman, Philip both pro-Communists and anti-Commu- Horton, H. Stuart Hughes, Carl Kaysen, nists in the 0.S.S., and most agents sym- - Clark M. MacGregor, Herbert Marcuse, pathized with Asian nationalists, so that Henry Ringling North, Serge Obolensky. the 0.S.S. aided Thai partisans against the And still others: John Oakes, Walt W. British and of course more famously, the 'Rostow, Elmo Roper, Arthur M. Schlesinger _Vietminh against the French in Laos and Jr., Paul Sweezy, Ralph de Toledano-,-to Vietnam (an O.S.S. medic saved Ho Chi name just a few of the hundreds in this Minh's life). Mr. Smith's retelling of the - book by R. Harris Smith. tragicomedy .of Indochina after the Japa- Mr. Smith, who was in the trade him- nese surrender in 1945, with Vichy and self, resigning in 1968 after a "very brief, Gaullist French, British, Chinese and the uneventful, and undistinguished associa- Vietminh jockeying for control, makes a tion with the most misunderstood bureauc-' fascinating setpiece. racy of the American Government," the The book ends with an account of the Central Intelligence Agency, now lectures transformation of the O.S.S. into its "mirror i in political science at the University of image," the C.I.A. Mr. Smith's admiration California's Extension Division. "This his- for the 0.S.S.'s wartime pragmatism, its " tory of America's first central intelligence 'tradition of dissent" and its anticolonial- i agency" is "secret" because Mr. Smith was ism suggests his thesis: that the O.S.S./ C.I.A. has been made the straw man of denied access to 0.S.S. archives, and so had to rely on the existing literature the radical and liberal left. In fact, he sup- asserts, the C.I.A. has been the principal later registered agent for the Haitian e lobby in Washington). They had vol teered to collect and pass on firsthand in- telligence on strategic bombing targets in STATI NTL plemented by some 200 written and verbal . recollections of O.S.S. alumni. guardian of liberal values in the "intel- ligence community." He reminds us that Both Ends Against, the Middle the C.I.A. fought Senator Joseph R. Mc- The book is densely packed with the be- Carthy, and he argues that the C.I.A.'s wildering variety of O.S.S. exploits in campaign to fund anti-Communist liberals World War H: spying, sabotage, prop- successfully undermined international aganda, military training missions, pOli- Communist organizations and disarmed the ticking and coordinating resistance groups paranoid anti-Communism of the F.B.I. against the Germans. "Casablanca" caught and others at home. He notes that C.I.A. the' spirit of the Byzantine plotting in liberals worked against Batista for Castro, French North Africa, with the O.S.S. who betrayed them, allowing the C.I.A. trying to undermine the Vichy and German conservatives to plan the Bay of Pigs. ,/ authorities, while various resistance groups Finally,. he points to the evidence in the in Italy, Yugoslavia, China and Greece, Pentagon Papers that the C.I.A. has been a tried to use the O.S.S. for their own ends. critic of the Vietnam war from the begin- O.S.S. agents played both ends against the 'ling. middle in the virtual civil wars between But the question remains whether the . conservatives and left-wing partisans. In O.S.S. "tradition of dissent" is meaningful, one holy alliance worthy of Graham whether it doesn't compromise liberals as Greene, tiA 0.S.S. gratefully accepted the much as aid them. Mr. Smith's book is full Even C.I.A. liberal criticism of the war in Vietnam seems to have had little ef- fect on policy. All might be fair in time of war, but Mr. Smith ought to have scouted the need for a permanent bureauc- racy part of whose function is officially devoted to ? clandestine political manipula- tions abroad in time of "peace." contributi pproved fornR tft, le,r ? 0 S S ican politician and diplomat (also friend of business and finance. C.I.A. liberalism has _ . iv, -rniEtary rePinies fikpotatkil5garr01501R000500050001-4 Montini, teamed with Earl Brennar,tterjP 249n and the Canadian Mafia, and not prevented a number of C.I.A.-fomented STATI NTL ;UV 7 STATI NTL Approved For ReleasMTIVI : CIA-RDP80-0160 Suppose. Hanoi 'email ed. Ransom? Those who remember how Castro forced the United States to pay millions in ransom , for the release of the Bay of Pigs prisoners might see some flaw in Sen. George McGov- ern's plan for gaining the freedom of Ameri- can servicemen now held by North Vietnam. . . While it is true that if we pull out of Southeast Asia North Vietnam should have , no good reason to hold the prisoners, and, under normal conditions, one would expect ,.to see them sent home. But what if North Vietnam decides to -? hold the prisoners for ransom, demanding that the United States pay several billion dollars in indemnity for the extensive dam- age done by the wholesale bombing of that country? What would be McGovem's answer .to "such a demand? WE HAVE HEARD the suggestion that if ?The United States should pull out, then North Vietnam would be compelled by the -"force of world opinion to release the prison- But our actions in Southeast Asia have 'made us so unpopular in .the rest of the world that it's doubtful whether we could " warm up enough world opinion to unchill Ihe hearts of Hanoi's tough leaders.- - By a misguided notion that we could stop the spread of communism in every part of the world, we have got ourselves in a mess that is going to be difficult to get out of. Every move Kennedy, Johnson or Nixon ? has made seemed to bog us down ?a little deeper in the jungles and rice paddies of an area of the world where we have no busi-. ? ness. Under our present commitments, we seem destined to be involved in Southeast Asia for an indefinite time in the future, holding up the incapable government of South Viet- nam and backing its equally incapable army. Had it not been for our Air Fore and Nav,.the Communist divisions would have overrun South Vietnam within a few weeks earlier this year and the war would be over by now. SHOULD HE WIN the election in No- vember, McGovern could find himself with a problem as great as the ones his three prede- cessors have made for themselves. Only Mc- Govern's problem could be more frustrating, more demoralizing. For what would be his answer, should he withdraw all our armed forces from Southeast Asia within. 90 days after inauguration, only to be told by Hanoi that it would not release the prisoners of war until billions in indemnities were paid? ? A frustrated Kennedy, Johnson or Nixon could send in the Army, Marines, Air Force, the Navy and CIA. But what would McGov- ern send? It might be a little late to send a dove. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 13 JUL 1972 - Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP V\f177 F.1 \, 1 1 V.;:+7 By Tim Wheeler ? . WASHINGTON T,,,,firs. Betty Bagclikia.n.., a Democratic Party staff worker, glared over her spectacles at the rifled desks, the gap- ing file drawers and the floor littered with the memos, letters and correspond- ence of .the Democratic National Com- mittee. . "Who would dream of such a thing?" she exclaimed. "It's unconstitutional, its an invasion of privacy. There's a con- spiracy law, you know." She was 'reacting to the brazen at-' tempt by five men to install spy devices in the plush Watergate offices of the Democratic Party in. one of the most bizarre episodes- since President Nixon took office.. The five spies were caught redhanded by IXC. metropolitan police as they crouched behind an office partition in the inner office of Democratic Party Chairman Lawrence F. O'Brien. They were carrying satchels of -sephisticated eavesdropping equipment, cameras for micro-filming and pens filled with tear gas when apprehended at 2:30 a.m., Saturday, June 17. ? When police pointed their pistols at them, the spies held up their hands. They were wearing surgical rubber gloves, and one of them declared, "Don't shoot!" " Since then, in a series of spectacular disclosures, the agents have been linked directly to the Committee to Re-elect ithe President, top aides in the White House, the Republican National Commit- tee, the Central Intelligence Agency, the. FBI, and counter-revolutionary Cuban exiles. The leader of the spy plot is credited with masterminding the abor- tive Bay of Pigs invasion of 1951 in , which the .CIA attempted to overthrow the socialist revolution in Cuba. Florette Lebow, a secretary, and Pat Johnson, editor of Democratic Party pub- liCations, showed me the fire-door jirn- . The spies were especially interested in the Office of Youth affairs. They rifled through the files in this office be- fore moving on to the Research Office. Finally, they jimmied the office door of Democratic Chairman Lawrence F. O'Brien, removed two acoustical tiles from the ceiling of his office but were caught before they had time to install listening devices. The conspirators have been the subject of round-the-clock investigation by re- porters seeking answers to endless questions about the operation. Some con- tend the bungling of the job indicates "amateurishness." But others say it was the result of overconfidence born of re- pealed success in similar plots. "They must have been here before," de dared Mrs. Johnson, "That is why they were so confident, so fearless, so brazen." scary," said Miss Lebow with a shudder. White House Press Secretary Ron Zei- gler pushed the "amateur"'line when he characterized the-break-in -as a "third rate burglary attempt" unworthy of com- ment either by himself or .fl President. Senator Mike Mansfield (D-Mont) hastened to reject charges that the Re- publican high command was behind the break-in. He said it was inconceivable that the Republicans could' have hired such miserable incompetents to under- take the mission. Another argument is that the Demo- cratic Party has no secrets worth dis- covering by such a risky enterprise as breaking into their headquarters. The political cost of being caught in the act, the argument goes, far outweighs any- thing that could be found in O'Brien's inner office, which can be read "like an open book," according to some. ? 0 All of this speculation has one pur- pose: to throw the' people off the trail,. to dispel the outrage, to pin the episode mied by the agents when they broke into or. the nearest patsy. The Democratic the offices.- Incredibly, the agents used Party has made crystal clear who they b ' tape to keep the door from latching; this believe inspired the plot. Its suit seek- was visible to the Watergate guard as he ing $1,000,000 in damages for conspiracy made his hourly rounds. The guard. mis- to deny the civil rights of Democratic takenly thought the Democrats them- voters names the Committee To Re- selves had taped the door and. simply elect the President as the guilty party. removed it. An hour later, when This is tantamount to charging that he returned, the guard noticed that the the conspiracy was ordered by top cir- ? door had been retaped! He immediately cies of the Nixon Administration itself. telephoned the police. It directly 'contradicts attempts by the Nixon Administration to pooh-pooh the episode as an activity of the "lunatic fringe." Predictably, GOP Chairman. Robert Dole lashed back, accusing the Demo- crats of using the break-in for election- eering purposes. But the facts in the case are incon- trovertible. They point in one direction: toward the White House. According to Ken W. Clawson, De- puty Director of Communications for the Nixon Administration, E. I:ov,?ard Hunt was hired as a top consultant at the White House by Nixon's special counsel, Charles .W. Colson. Hunt work- ed under Colson's command for 63 days in 1971 and another 24 days this year, as recently as March 29. Colson hired Hunt because of his "expertise" gained in years as a top Central Intelligence Agency spy. ?0 About two weeks before the break-in, Hunt flew to Miami where .he met with Bernard F. Barker,. identified as the ?leader" of the break-in at the time of his arrest .at the Democratic heaiinuar- ters. At this Miami meeting,. Hunt hand- ed BLrker his business card with his suburban Maryland telephone number pencilled on the back and gave- him "oral instructions to call him if he ever needed help," ' according to The. New York Times. . ? Police tracked Hunt down because his name was written in Barker's address book, confiscated when he was arrested. Also in the address book were notations ' such as "W. House," and "W.H." Hunt and Barker, a Cuban-born gll- sa no, were top. CIA operatives who car- ried out the infamous Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in 1961. This *fact goes a long way towards exploding the argument that the Republican Party would never hire "bunglers" to do its dirty work. No operation was more stupidly conceived nor more criminally executed than the Pay cf Pigs invasion, yet it enjoyed' the full support of the White House. Hunt, under the alias. "Eduardo," was the CIA agent in top command of the Bay of Pigs invasion. Since the ar- rests, he has mysterionsly disappeared. Barker's role in the Bay of Pigs fiasco, according to Cuban exile sources, "was significant but more organizational than operational," a Washington Post article declared. STATINTI Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 contimicd i)L. 1 LY ViO1),L1.) Approved For Release tatii1/03784 : CIA-RDP80-01601 1 V. Car-44.?,--,,--,art.--srlrramrsak.c,r..tecarracasamarc - smwearaeunms.......ms. ? * (:: "` '' .., ' -'`;.!TY Z; ? . ,' ,..' .7.,../. ',-. ''.J, ' . - '..A.-',.., ,..,- ...C.' '. ' : .... --,;', ... ' - c_., ,... r.(': '.4-_, ?, -. -7, ?.,e;7,7,1,/ / , . */-7.,-1 .o.1 ,,,:l ?:-, 4, e if 1--- -,-", ,- 1.o.or ..) CIA roiders get expern ive legal aid . 4 . WASHINGTON -- An array of famous and expensive legal talent has entered the. case of the June 14 raid on the Democratic National Committee headquarters in the Watergate apartments here. The five suspected raiders, three of 1,,,,hom remain in a local jail, face criminal prosecution in the District of Columbia on burglary char- ges, a possible Feeral indictment for conspiracy and a *1 million civil lawsuit entered by the Democratic Party oinst. them and the Republi- can Party for allegedly violating the civil rights of Democratic cardi- dates for office. Electronic eavesdropping devices and microfilm photographing equipment were found on the suspects when they were arrested. , One of the defendants is Bernard L. Harker, a wealthy Cuban-born Miami realtor who played an important role in the 131 Bay of Pigs in- vasion of Cuba, organized by the Cchtral Intelligence i', gcncy. His de- fense lawyer is Henry B. Rothblatt, a well-known New York lawyer. In HO, Mr. Lolliblatt defended Col: Hohert B. Rheault and five other officers of the United States Army's Special Forces on charges that they had murdered a Vietnaroese douidea;ent. / - Gerald Melt is representing James W. McCord Jr., Who was the security chief for both the Republica:1 National Committee and the.Com- ? mittee to lic-elect the President until the June raid, and who earlier was the CIA's internal security head. Alch is a partner in the Hos- ton law firm headed by F. Lee Bailey, who defended Capt. Eencst Me- dina, a defendant in the My Lai massacre case. . The attorney for E. Howard Hunt, Jr., is William 0. Rittman, form- er assistant U.S. attorney who won the conviction of James R. Hoffa, former president of the Teamsters Union on fraud charges. Hunt, not. charged with an offense in the case, was linked to the raid when his pame was foond in the address books of tv.,o.of the raiders. . Hunt, a White House consultant, was one of the ton coordinators of the Bay of Pigs invasion. He retired from the CIA in IS'./0. L/ Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 Approved For Release 2001Y,0;1/0:: CIA-R 10 JUL 1972 - 0 I P. Expensive Line-Up of Legal Talent Enters Case of Raid on Democratic Office By TAD SZULC I had been the C.T.A.'s internal Special to The Nem Yci lc Times security head. Mr. Alch is a WASHINGTON, July 9?Ant array of famous and expensive! legal talent has entered the case of the June 17 raid on the, Democratic National Committee headquarters in the Watergate complex here. partner in the Boston law firm / headed by F. Lee Bailey, one of the nation's most noted criminal lawyers. Mr. Alch will defend Mr. McCord, who is free on bail ? The five suspected raiders, i in the criminal cases, with Mr three of whom remain in al Bailey supervising the case. local jail, face criminal prose-! But Mr. Rothblatt, who co- ?cution in the District of, authored five basic books on Columbia on burglary charges, criminal law with Mr. Bailey, a possible Federal indictment i is understood to have agreed ? for conspiracy and a Sl-million to represent Mr. McCord in civil lawsuit entered by the the civil suit. Democratic party against theml ! 3 Other Defendants and the Republican party for Mr. Rothblatt is also expect- ,i I allegedly violatirtg the civil; rights of Democratic candidates, :cd to assume the defense of for office..I Eugenio R. Martinez, Virgilio Electronid eavesdropping de- ( L. Gonzales and Frank Fiorinoi, vices and microfilm photograph- the three other refendants, all iof whom have past C.I.A. ties. Mr. McCord and Mr. Martin- ez are the only defendants in the case who were freed on bail by the District of Colum- bia Superior Court. Last Fri- day, the District Court of Ap- peals declined to overrule Su- perior Judge James Belson on his demand that the three other defendants remain imprisoned until they disclose in open court the source from which they would raise bail money. Their lawyers were reported to be considering an appeal to the Chief Justice of the United States,. Warren E. Burger, on. the ground that refusal of bail violates the defendants' rights under the Eighth Amendment. The attorney for E. Howard Hunt Jr., a mystery figure in on charges that they had",, the case, is William 0. Bitt- ing equipment were found on the suspects when they were arrested. ? i One of the defendants is Ber- I nard L. Barker, a wealthy, Cuban-born Miami realtor who played an important role in the 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba organized by the Central Intelligence Agency. His defense lawyer is Henry B. Rothblatt, a well-known New York crimi- nal lawyer who often appears as counsel in major controver- sial cases. Defended Army Officers In 1969, Mr. Rothblatt, a! tall, thin, dapper man with a pencil moustache, defended, Col. Robert B. Rheault andl five other officers of the United I States Army's Special Forces. murdered a Vietnamese doublet agent. As part of his defense Mr. Rothblatt charged that the C.I.A. had lied about its role: in the murder ? Last year, Mr. Rothblatt helped to win acquittal in a court-martial for Col. Oren K., Henderson on charges that he, had covered up evidence and: made false statements in the investigation of the 1968 mas- sacre of civilians at Mylai in South Vietnam. Mr. Rothblatt will defend Mr. Barker in the two criminal and the civil actions. Gerald Alch is representing James W. McCord Jr., who was the security chief for both the Republican National Com-: mittee and the Committee to. man, a noted Washington crim- inal lawyer. He was the assis- tant United States attorney who at the age of 32 won the conviction of James R. Hoffa, the former president of the In- ternational Brotherhood of Teamsters, on fraud charges. Three years later he success- fully prosecuted Robert G. Bak- er, one-time Senate aide, for tax evasion, theft and conspir- acy to defraud the government. Mr. Hunt, who was one of the top coordinators of the Bay of Pigs invasion and who / retired from the C.I.A. in 1970 has not been charged with any offense. But he was linked with the Watergate raid when his name was found in the address STATI NTL Re-elect the PAditiler.OrthFor5telleatql,00107/00 CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 r. June raid, an o Carter artmez a e Lime 'arrest. ? . t 'riStei I Approved For RelelasV120oT/03/04 : CIA-RDP80-01 emocraii ri !te A right-wing group of anti- Castro Cubans financed the break-in at Democratic nation- al party headquarters here, according to sources close to the investigation. The sources said that the - group had bugging devices in- side the headquarters "for a long time." e The Miami based group re- i)ortedly is well financed and prepared to assist the five sus- pects arrested inside party headquarters on June 17, hop- ing to avoid a trial and testi- 'pony that could reveal addi-. tional details of the break-in :and the extent of support for the effort. ?!: Continuing Effort Cited The sources said the anti- !Castro group financed the break-in at the Watergate omplex as part of a continu- ing effort to kEep Democrats under surveillance because of fear that leading candidates for the Democratic presiden- tial nomination are pro-Castro. The five. suspects ? all of whom had ties to the abortive 01/-?11INIL in 1970 to start his own securi- ty firm, is the former security chief for both the Republican National Committee and Pres- ident Nixon's re-election com- mittee. McCord was ordered bound over to the grand jury yester- day ? by Superior Court Judge Harry T. Alexander. A U.S. District Court grand- jury is considering the case separately and FBI agents re- JAMES McCORH JR. Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961 ? portedly have been conducting were arrested inside the Dem- a nationwide search for E. ocratic National Committee's Howard Hunt, former CIA offices. It was at least the sec- MEM and a White House eon- ond time that agents of the sultana for questioning in the anti-Castro group had been in- case. side the Democratic headquar- The New York Times report- ters, sources said. ed today that Hunt reportedly Bugging devices initially telephoned a close friend last were placed in the Democratic Friday and asked him to enlist suite but had been malfunc- "White House friends," in ob- .tioning. The June 17 break-in, taming an attorney. Hunt was the sources said, was to re- quoted as saying he would place or repair the faulty elec- "emerge" after obtaining a sat- tronic equipment. isfactory lawyer. He has been Sen. George McGovern of missing since the Watergate South Dakota was said to be of arrests. particular concern, to the Cu- The Times today also said ban group. But the anti- that government officials have Castroites also were said to reported the FBI has called off . its search for Hunt because -feel that all potential Demo- Hunt has obtained a lawyer, cratic nominees ? except who has told federal officials dark horse Sen. Henry M. that Hunt would be available. Jackson, D-Wash. ? were pro-Castro. Despite -reports that Hunt might have left the country, McCord to Grand Jury the friend who reported re- James W. McCor Jr. one ceiving the call from him said , ottosampoimAon / of the five suspect PIEGY ' blfen 'crra ilsi*201/ lF Trein within bound over to a Superior Court the Felted States. grand jury. McCord, a CIA In testimony before Alexan- man for 10 vear nntil reitirne. BERNARD L. BARKER der yesterday, it was disclosed that McCord used the 'alias "Edward Warren" when he was arrested inside the Demo- cratic headquarters in the Wa- tergate -along with the four other men char'ged in the case. D.C. Police Sgt. Paul W. Leper said McCord used the name Edward Warren when he was arrested. Officials have reported that .McCord also used the name Edward Martin. Officials previously reported that at least six men?includ- ing the four inen arrested with McCord ? were registered at the Watergate Hotel May 26-29, and that their bill was paid by a man identified only as "E. Warren." Police records show that an attempt was made on May 28 to unscrew a lock on a door at Democratic headquarters, lo- cated in the Watergate Office Building adjacent to the Hotel. List Both Jobs Officials said McCord and the other four were again stay- ing at the Watergate Hotel at the time of their arreSt. McCord was fired from both of his security positions with the Republicans two days aft- er the arrests. The others ar- . 03/04 : CIA-RDP80-01 h - rested are Bernard L. Barker,. a Miami real estate broker; Virgilio R. Gonzales, a lock- smith; Frank Sturgis, opera- tor of -a marine supply firm in Miami, and Eugenio Martinez, who worked for Barker. All five have been charged with second degree burglary. The federal grand jury appar- ently is considering possible violations of conspiracy stat- utes and laws against electron- ic bugging. Gerald Alch, a partner in F. Lee Bailey's law firm who is representing McCord, said yesterday that McCord was called before the federal grand jury Wednesday. Alch com- mented only that "there were no surprises." Nixon Aide Mentioned In its report, The Times said that in an interview, a close friend of Hunt who asked not to be identified told of his Fri- day telephone call. The Times reported that one person Hunt suggested might be called at the White House was Joan Wesley Dean 3rd, special counsel to the President. Ac- cording to the newspaper, the friend did not make the call. Hunt's telephone number -and name were found in the address books of two of the five mon arrested in the break. Hunt resigned from a senior post with the CIA in 1970. Hunt has worked for the White House as a part-time consultant during the past two years, taking the post on rec- ommendation of Charles W. Colson, a counsel to the Presi- dent. Colson has denied any knowledge of the Democratic breakin. The Justice Department last week confirmed that a walkie-talkie and an unloaded pistol were found in a drawer in Hunt's desk in the Execu- tive Office Building. Two wal- kie-talkies were found with the five suspects in the Watergate, but Hunt's radio has not been 6ilitadtgatict0001-4 Approved For Release iodtiiogilk : CIA-RD V I in I I I NI I I- Hunt's \?f Ridicu I3y DANA SULLEN Star Staff Writer The wife of E. Howard Hunt Jr., a missing figure in the Democr- ' le National Commit- tee bre-in, has labeled as "ridiculous" any idea that her . husband had been involved in . the case. "I don't believe it," Dorothy , Hunt said of press reports ? linking Hunt, a former CIA agent and recent White House consultant, to the burglary at the party headquarters. "The whole thing seems to me to be ridiculous." "I feel that the papers are ? just putting words in people's mouths," she said yesterday. But, Mrs. Hunt said, she was out of the country when the five suspects were apprehend- ed June 17 at the Watergate office building. "I know abso- lutely nothing about it," she said. Hunt was linked to the break-in after police found his ? name and home telephone number in the address books Df two of the men arrested at ?Democratic headquarters. - ? Although it has been assert- ed that Hunt, reportedly the subject of an FBI search, had left the country, possibly going to Europe, his wife denied this. "He is not out of the cuontry," she said. Asked why Hunt had not come forward to explain or rebut any connection he might have to the case, Mrs. Hunt said that her husband would speak to the press "when he is ready to speak," She said that Hunt left their home in Potomac, Md., after the case erupted into headlines because "he did not want the children to face . . . harass- ment" from reporters seeking to clarify his involvement. FBI Withholds Comment Mrs. Hunt said that her hus- band "obviously does not want to" talk about the ease at this. time and would not reveal his whereabouts. At some later time, she said she is sure he will make a statement. Hunt's wife said no warrant or subpeena has been issued for her husband and that he ? has been in contact with the FBI. It was not clear whether this referred to earlier FBI questioning after the break-in. According to one report, Hunt at that time refused to answer questions about the case. The FBI would not com- ment when asked whether it presently is searching for Hunt in connection with the affair. Meanwhile, the president.of the public relations firm where Hunt worked as a writ- er here before the Watergate break-in acknowledge that the firm some years ago did a "public service" publicity job for an organization later said to have had CIA backing. Robert F. 'Bennett, head of Robert R. Mullen & Co., said that the firm was hired for a publicity campaign for a group called "Radio Free Cuba" shortly after the 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion. - According to Bennett, who was not with the company then, the campaign apparently was linked to efforts to broad- cast information to the Cu- bans. While the "Radio Free Cuba" organization was not a "CIA front," Bennett said, the CIA "helped ? a little" with its efforts. "As far as I know, (except for this) the company has done no work for the CIA," Bennett said. Planning Role Indicated Hunt, believed to have been a key planner of the Bay of Pigs invasion, was suspended by the firm after his disap- pearance following the burgla- ry at Democratic party head- quarters. The possibility of a link be- tween the Mullen firm and CIA surfaced late last week when attorney Douglas Caddy, who helped obtain legal coun- sel for the suspects apprehend- ed at the Watergate, reported- /1y told the grand jury he had t/ had intimations of such a connection. Bennett said the "Radio Free Cuba" accounts was "the only thing I can think of that Doug Caddy may have had in mind." He - said that Caddy then an employe of General Foods Corp., had worked at the Mullen Company for A year twiti or tinne years ago' 'as liaison for Genera: Foods. In another development, Bennett said that Mrs. Hunt picked up some of Hunt's per- sonal belongings on Monday from Hunt's desk at the Mul- len firm. Bennett said that here was nothing in the desk bearing any relation to the Watergate inci- dent and that Hunt's business papers already had been given to the grand jury investigating the case. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001 -4 STATINTI Approved For Release 20041/4411047.2CIA-RDP Marquis Childs Security Set For Convention WHEN Chairman Lawrence .F. O'Brien of the Demo- cratic National Committee went to Miami Beach to take a thorough look at con- vention arrangements he .was given a detailed brief- :ing on security. Ile was to admit later that it all seemed a bit superfluous in light of his long experience with conventions which, however turbulent, never seemed to threaten life and limb. Then came the famous break-in-bugging incident at Democratic headquarters here and O'Brien under- stood the very real need for the security precautions being taken at Miami Beach. It Will be the most security- conscious national conven- tion ever held, with routines bound to cause friction and resentment. Farcical though it seemed at first, the bugging episode was serious enough in itself. Here was this insidious snooping business carried out by five men with connections if not with the -White House, as has been repeatedly denied, then with the Committee to Re-elect President Nixon. Invading the privacy of a political or- ganization with the tools of the snooping trade hardly comes under the heading of a free society. WHAT GIVES the episode a more ominous look and ties it in with the tight secu- rity at the convention is the connection of the men caught in the bugging act with the Cuban exile move- ment in Florida. Three of the five men were born in Cuba. Bernard L. Barker as a CIA operative had a role In the abortive Bay of Pigs invasion. He is said to have been a conduit for money si- phoned to the invaders. According to reports in the Miami newspapers, Bar- ker is said to have tried to obtain from the architect, . Leonard Glasser, the plans of the convention hall, in- cluding details of the air- conditioning ducts and the have ker wheelOr catv,,al ks. T h e APiPirOdllenigl-arrKQI garte 1/03/04 : CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 was that this was for bug- STATINTL ging purposes. Yet why try the manager of the late Sen: to bug a political convention Robert F. Kennedy's cam- - with radio and television Paign at the time when the senator was struck down in constantly listening in? While the bulk . of the Los Angeles by an assassin's more than 200,000 Cuban ex. bullet. lies in and around Miami In the course of barn- are law-abiding citizens bent storming through the South. on trying to earn a living in McGovern made a gratui- a new land, there is a hard tous slap at O'Brien. He in- core. of passionate anti-Corn- cheated his intention of re- munist, anti-Castro plotters Placing him after the con- constantly seeking ways to vention, although on other occasion he said he an- bring Fidel down. Their hit- wanted him to stay. All terness over President John F. Kennedy's failure to -.?11g O'Brien has said that order air strikes to save the he intends to leave when he invaders trapped on thehlas finished his stint at beaches knew no bounds. Miami Beach. Replacing They never cease to lobby who has carried on for support from the govern- through the dreary and dif- ment for various schemes to ficult days of deficits, will cut down Castro's strength. not be easy. If McGovern means to dispense with all Sen. George McGovern the pros he will add to the and certain of his backers handicaps he already suf- have suggested that It was lc"- ? time to restudy American E, 1572. United Feature Eyndieets policy toward Cuba. If the President could make an agreement with Moscow, 7.000 miles away, then it should be possible to get to- gether with Castro looking to a relaxation of the meas- ures that have cut off all re- lations with the island only 90 miles from the Florida coast. Castro is just now in the Soviet Union, presuma- bly seeking to renegotiate the agreements costing the Russians well over $300 mil- lion a year that keep Cuba afloat. IN THE EYES of the Cuban rebels any suggestion of peace with Castro is trea- son. They will fight it with every means possible. The nomination of a Democratic candidate for President looking, however far in the future, for normalization of relations with the dictator, as relations are on the way to normalization with China, is a deep affront. O'Brien will run an or- derly and secure convention if anyone. can. He is a pro and an extremely able pro. Whatever the ardent young MeGovernites may think, it is pros like O'Brien who Approved For Release 2001MAR4i CIA-RDP80 3 JUL 1972 CAPERS: to have been just a simple Miami lock- - smith recruited for the job. But a second Operation Watergate Cuban, Miami realtor Eugenio Mar- tinez, had worked for the agency smug- They wore surgical gloves and car- ling refugees out of Castro's Cuba. A ried walkie-talkies, a pair of cameras third, Frank Fiorini?who also went by the And electronic bugging devices. They name Frank Sturgis and several dozen picked a lock on a basement door, left known aliases?was a U.S. marine turned the latch taped open and made their soldier-of-fmtune who once smuggled way up a rear stairwell of a building in Washington's elegant Watergate com- plex to the sixth floor. There the five men jimmied a door to the Democrat- ic National Committee headquarters, slipped inside and began rifling the files, stuffing some documents in boxes, dump- ing others out on the floor. They made just one mistake: when the night watch- man removed the tape on the down- stairs door, one of the intruders put it back?and when the watchman checked the door again, he promptly called the ? police. 'Within minutes, three cops from the Capital's plain-clothes "mod" squad burst in on the intruders with guns drawn. "Don't shoot,": one of the five shouted. "Y.on've got us." They had indeed?and with the ar- rests, Washington had one of the juiciest political scandals in memory. ? Four of the five intruders turned out to have been either agents. or operatives for the / Central Intelligence Agency. And one of the men, James W. McCord, 53, of Rockville, Md., happened to be both se,ctuity coordinator for the Committee for the Re-Election of the President and a security consultant for the Republican National Committee. To add to the em- barrassment of the Administration, both committees immediately announced that McCord had resigned some months ago? only to find out that -he was indeed working for, them right up to the time of his arrest. Integrity: At first, the White House simply tried to ignore the affair. The Justice Department announced that the FBI had entered the case, and that a - grand jury was ready to receive evi- dence. High-ranking Republicans vig- guns for Castro's rebel army, then turned against the dictator and joined the CIA.. Bernard Barker, 55, who employed Mar- tinez, was a wealthy, Cuban-born U.S. citizen, well known in Washington GOP circles. Barker served, under the code name "Macho," as one of the key links between the CIA and Cuban exiles training in Guatemala for the abortive Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961. McCord himself, before he retired two years ago to set up his own security agency, spent nineteen years in the CIA security force, safeguarding agency installations. 'Mission Impossible': All except Mc- Cord, it developed, checked into the plush Watergate Hotel, next to the office building, the day before the raid. Au- thorities picking through their? quarters later found what looked like a make- up room for TV's "Mission Impossible." Among other things, police confiscated a kit full of burglary tools, two pairs of gray, work overalls, a wig and a radio transceiver. But thd most intriguing items seized were a pair of address books listing the name Everette Howard limit ?with the notation beside it, "NV.II." and "NV. House." Until recently, Hunt worked as a 5100- a-day consultant for White Ilouse trou- bleshooter Charles W. Colson. Colson hired Hunt during the Pentagon papers furor last summer, probably to look for information leaks. And Hunt brought a wealth of experience to the task. For 21 years, the suave, Ivy League New Yorker was a CIA field man in Latin America, Spain and the Far East, churning out no fewer than 45 science fiction, spy and detective novels in his spare time. Sig- nificantly, Hunt served as Barker's boss orously denied that the party had any in the preparations for the Bay of Pigs hand in the raid. "There is no place in invasion. When he retired two years ago, our campaign or in the electoral process tile career spy went to work for Robert for this type of activity," declared for- R. Mullen & Co., a Washington-based mer Attorney .General John Mitchell, now the head? of the Committee for public-relations- firm whose close ties to the Re-Election of the President. "We Republican Party leaders gave it ready access to the White House. Informed by will not permit or condone it." The Dem- phone that his name had been linked to out a note of glee. "This incident raises ocrats howled nonetheless?and not with- the case, Hunt reportedly blurted, "Good the ugliest questions about tileGod!", hung up?and then dropped out integrity ? of the political process that I have en- of sight. countered in a quarter of a century," Still, his name alone was enough to proclaimed Democratic National Corn- suggest a link to the White House, and mittee chairman Lawrence O'Brien, who the Administration reacted with suitable horror. Colson, Hunt's old patron, heard promptly filed a $1 million damage suit against the COP campaign committee, the news and roared, "Guilt by associa- ? Presidential press secretary Ron "There is certainly a clear line to the tion'? Ziegler first declined to comment on "a Committee to Re-Elect the President? third-rate burglary attempt," then up- . and there is developing a clear line to the White lou se:Approved For Re e waded itntR 1.'efirAci-,rate" and said the 941-CJAARDR80-01601 R000500050001 -4 I The lines to theu.u.A were c earVirciijin Il. A A"t14411 Cnnzales. 45. anoears e?o.nferc,nce in three months, President ri 11_,1... House has had no involvement whatso- ever in this particular incident." But that declaration hardly put an end to the speculation. Theories about N'hat the five intruders were doing? and who ordered it done?swept through Washington like Hurricane Agnes. Dem- ocratic insiders, skeptical of the FBI's investigation ("Hell, they're investigat- ? 1ig their own people"), claimed that the raid was a GOP-inspired fishing ex- pedition, perhaps with the additional purpose of replacing a malfunctioning bug that had been installed earlier. A. more measured version suggested that someone?Republicans or others?be- lieved the Democrats were in possession of an extremely damaging document--a hot new chapter in the 1TT affair, per- haps?and sent the five men in to get it. ut authorities were. still not discounting the possibility that the raid may have been the brainchild of anti-Castro Cuban extremists who feared that the Demo- crats were Planning to case relations with Cuba. At the weekend, authorities were looking into possible links between this raid and two earlier burglaries of the Democratic headquarters?one of which took place while the same four Cubans were registered at Watergate hotel. And the Committee for. the Re-election put some private eyes out conducting an investigation of its own. As one worried White House staffer put it, "The only ? way we can prove we're riot guilty is in find out who is guilty." ? STATI NTL enough. One of the group, a Cuban done it. Finally, at his own first news Approved For Releat23391111911/pECIA-RDP80-0 JUL 1972 the first time. In open court, Bennett could not be ieached federal prosecutors revealed that Douglas Caddy, the at_ fpi comment yesterday about Caddy's assertion that he had torney originally retained by "intimations". that the Mullen the five suspects, had refused to testify abut his relation- firm might be involved with ship with. Hunt, the CIA. Hunt was suspended from Caddy - was also a s k d whether Robert R. Mullen & his job as a writer with Ben- By Carl Bernstein Co.? nett's firm when he failed tothe Washington public ' and Jim Mannrelations firm where he and report to work after his name Hunt shared an office in 1970 aPPeared in Washington Post Staf f itcrs press reports Federal authorities reported ?had ever undertaken it about the Democratic Com- mittee yesterday that a force of 150 llor the Central Intelligence break-in. ? "C ngency. FBI agents has begun a nation- addy and Bunt were good friends and the relationship wide search for Howard E. :Necording to Caddy's. own icontinued after Caddy left' Hunt, the former White House attorney, the following ex- mre," Bennett told a ,reporter consultant whose name has change took place in front of been linked to the suspects the grand jury late last week: ..-c"I;d?fiy., was one of the charged in the alleged attempt Prosecutor: Did Robert L. cofounVers 'of 'the conserva- to bug the headquarters of the Mullen Associates ever do an tive oung Americans for tee. Democratic National Commit-work, for the CIA? lieeclom and since has been active in conservative Repoli- bean activities, according to associates. In the . early 1960s, he re- portedly , was chairman of Youth for Goldwater and ? during the same period ? wrote for Human Events, the conservative journal of opin- ion, According to Caddy, he be- came involved in the Demo- cratie National Committee , case. when. he received a pre daWn phone Call from the v.ife, of one of the men arrested in the break-in, Belnard L. Barker. Mrs. Barker, whose husband served PS an aide to the CIA operative who coordinated the Lay of Pigs Invasion, said she had been instructed to call Caddy if she did not hear from 17?the date of the break-in, her husband by 3 a.m. on June In addition to Barker, the other suspects are: James W. McCord, a retired CIA secur- ity expert who was security coordinator for the Committee to Re-elect* the Pr esiden Frank A. Sturgis, American last week that he was the prin- adventurer with extensive CIA ci pal organizer of dummy contacts; Virgin? F. Gonzalez, campaign committees tO col- a Miami locksinii.h; and Eu- of money for the re-election genio Martinez, :I salesman for of President Nixon. He dis-? Barker's Miami real es tat e banded the committees, he, firm said, "When we became front ' page news and a lot of people got seared." Robert R. Mullen, the foun- der of the public relations firm, was "1993 chairman of public relations for Nixon- Agnew, according to a biogra- phy he supplied "Who's Who." eluding an unloaded pistol and Mullen and Bennett are also a walkie-talkie had been the principal stockholders of turned over to the FBI. an affiliated firm called Inter- The, same day, hunt's namewhich was founded in 1971 to foster trade with was publicly linked to the Communist tuitions. grand jury's investiApprOved For Re i ease 2001/0 /04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 IFBI Seeks Man Liked To 'Bug' Cas? S STATINTLTATINTL Caddy: I have no personal Hunt is being sought for knowledge of that. questioning by the, federal Prosecutor: Do you have any grand jury that is investigat- -piker knowledge? ung the break-in and alleged Caddy: I received intima- bugging incident, according to lions that this might be true. federal sources close to the in- vestigation. Prosecutor: From whom did Spokesmen for the FBI and youreceive intimations? the office of the United States; At ? that point in the ques- Attorney hose refused yester- _Honing. Caddy invoked an day to say whether a subpoena allorneY-elient privilege and has been issued to compel refused to testify. Hunt to appear before the In Friday's open-court hear- grand jury, ing before Chief Judge John However, law enforcement J. Silica of U.S. District Court, officials said it would be un- nowever. Caddy was ordered likely for the FBI to undertake to testify in any subsequent a major search for limit with- appearances before the grand out a subpoena, particularly jury. Immediately after the in view of reports that he re- hearing, at which Sirica said fused to cooperate with FBI the questions asked of the agents when they attempted to attorney were fair, Caddy was interview him about 10 days again sununoned before the ago, grand jury. Hunt, whom name was The Mullen public relations found in?..I.,brsonal phone, firm, which has offices at 1700 books of two of the five sus- PelmsYlvania Ave" NW' is peels at-rested June 17 inside' headed by. Robert F. Bennett, the son of conservative Repub-? Democratic headquarters at Lean Sen. Wallace Bennett of The Watergate, 2600 Virginia Utah. Ave. NW, worked for the Robert Bennett confirmed Central Intelligence Agency from 1949 to. 1970. He was hired as a $.100-a-day White House consultant on the recommendation of Charles W, Colson, a behind-the-scenes political strategist who is special :counsel to President .Nixon. ? On Friday, the Justice De- partment said that the con- tentS of Hunt's desk in the Executive Office Building?in- WASHINGTON EMT Approved For ReleassiZaticrif04 : CIA-RDP80-0 -uri 2 6-11 in C.1 (TI 0 .kt.L0 631 6Li.,..11 17.1 . ? By Peter Jay ground as a Serious threat at things in a Flew way. The Washington post Staff Writer to the peace?either domes- Miami Herald says all Cu- MIAMI?When 26-year-old tic or international. But bans want to stay here, but Teresa Torres stepped out with Cuban demonstrations that's not tore. We want to ' of a small airplane over promised for both of this free our country." Hiamestead Airport south of summer's national political Abdala described by an here last Sunday to make conventions in Miami Beach, American student of Latin "That's the kind of thing her second parachute jump, there has been a re-awaken- affairs as ''a hotshot group that renews interest," . said she wasn't simply doing it log of official interest in the of young intellectuals, and an American here, who fol- for sport. activities- of the exile corn- tough." Its members hint lows exile activities closely. "After that raid, Alpha was She was an exile from - monit.v.' swamped by thousands of they are conducting military Fidel Castro's Cuba, where Also, the June 17 arrest of training, but most of their her parents live and her five men?three of them activities have been demon- people wanting to join and brother is said to be impris- from M give money, Now it's slowediami and all with a strations and protests. down again:' oned, and after her para- background in intelligence, If either the Iteplailican ' chute failed to open and she anti-Castro activity or both or Democratic conventions Alpha 66 has stayed stu- fell to her death a major while allegedly attempt- move to call for establish- diously away from American Cuban exile group here an- ing to bug Democratic head- ment of diplomatie relations politics. "All we ask of the - flounced that she had been quarters in Washington has between the United States United States is that they not try and prevent us from making the jump as part of focused new attention on the and Castro's Cuba, Miss Al not our country," Sar- their military training pro 7 exiles. ? varado says, "We will react gen says. But other groups Sar- gram. It is the conventional wis- in a very strong way.' have been drawn inexorably It has been 11 years since dom in Miami that despite The Abdala members are into taking stands on Ameri- 4he. doomed amphibious as- the plottings of fringe defensively sensitive to. can issues. a- sault at the Bay of Pigs, and groups most Cuban refugees charges that they represent Perhaps the largest Cuban as the time. has passed' Mi- are happy here and proba- a rightist position. "We . ami's more than 203,000 Cu- bly.wouldn't return to Cuba don't consider ourselves to political organization here - bans have grown richer and to stay even if they could. be right-wing," ?relative strengths are, said Ruben hard to estimate because no more comfortable in their Cuban family income, it is Lopez, 33. eWe consider Cas- group will provide realistic - exile. But the dream of pointed out, is relatively tro to be reactionary. Don't membership figures?is S8,000 a year, lump us with the John Birch someday toppling Castro high?over and . returning home in compared to S9,200 for the Society." something called the Execu- triumph dies hard. arca as a whole and under Other groups that form live Liberation Committee. - There are at least a score $6,000 for blacks. part of what might A sort of umbrella group. loosely incorporating various small of organizations here with Officials here also main- be called the Cuban under- factions, the committee is the avowed purpose of re- tin that there is an impor- ground here are much less preparing demonstrations at storing non-communist rule tant generation gap in the fussy about ideological ap- the conventions. It has also to Cuba. Some of them have Cuban community, and that pearances. supported President Nixon's only one or two members, young Cubans who have Andres Nazario Sargen -is mining of the North Viet- and others are little more lived in. the United States ?a leathery former tobacco namese coast and opposed -than social clubs like the since they were small chie farmer who fought against his moves towad better rela- Bay of Pigs Veterans Asso- dren do not share their par- the regime of Fulgeneto Ba- lions with China and the So- ciation, whose middle-aged ens' fervent anti-Castro son- tista in Cuba and for the viet Union?in contrast, for members--about 500?gen- timents or nostalgia for past 12 'years has been in example, to Abdala, whose crally confine their mai- their homeland. Miami plotting to overthrow members say they support Laney to talk. This may or ?may not be Castro- But others are still capa- true. In the drive-in restau. Sargen heads an organiza- a- peYaces.teps to ward world tion called Alpha 66 that ble of action: demonstra- rants of Miami's thoroughly . . The committee's leader is . claims a membership of tions, small-scale bombings, Latin -mule Havana. see. ? even ark occasional hit-and- tion, it is easy to fitid Cuban 10,000 in the U.S. and other Tomas Cruz, a 41.-year-old Cuban Negro who served in run raid against outposts on teenagers lounging in their C a r i b b e a n nal i ons?al- the army under Batista and the Cuban coast?operations cars who will say they have though non-members in the later participated .in the Bay Cuban community here say that must evade both the no interest at all in Cuba or Cuban navy and the U.S. their parents' politics, that estimate is grossly 'in- of Pigs invasion. He was Coast Guard. But listen to 27-year-oldflated. captured, held for nearly One organization, Alpha Ella Alvarado, the Miami co- "Our task ? is not to over- two years, and eventually 66, says it has "thousands" ordinator of an anti-Castro led Ab- throw Castro from the out- released. of cells within Cuba whose youth movement cal side . members are ready to arise but to organize Cruz says he, like Alpha dala (after a patriotic poem a poet Jose .within," says Sargon. "We 66's Sargen, emphasizes roil- at the propitious moment by the Cuban and seize the country from Marti): . are now in the final stage:. itary training and recruit- Castro.. .. ? .,. . 'American law enforce-' students to have from politi- than the other exile organi- it was foi the committee . ment officials here, both cal ideas. But when they get zedions, emphasizes military that Teresa Torres entered ? local and fedoral'AP*Odd to6rgeleate6126061/611641' clAiltDO ,,,,,,..,8esologisigutinil, othas. 0 1.-4 811 ' ? gard Miami's Cu a r- ? - ? ati-un . vontltund The last suCh raid. of, any size occurred two years ago, when a small force landed, went inland and shot up a few provincial jails. "It's hard for high school Alpha 66, perhaps more ment of young Cubans. And STATI NTL fa E 1.1 fl r, Approved For Release 29i94913M/iTclA-RDP80- 1 JULY 1972 By PAUL BETHEL Those Americans who are upset by President Nixon's overtures to Red China will be positively appalled to see what effect these overtures are having among nations of the Western Hemi- sphere. Almost completely- overlooked by our press, the interposition of Red China into the affairs of Latin America bodes ill for future tranquillity in our strategic back yard. Some argue that apparent U.S.-Red There is a general feeling in Latin Though there is no embassy in Pan- China rapprochement %yin somehow America that they shonld rush to exploit ama, the bid to lodge one there is appar- exert leverage on the. Kremlin to lessen - a market of 800 million Chinese, and it ent with Peking's endorsement- of Pan- its hold on Cuba and diminish Soviet is generally held that President Nixon's ama's sovereignty over the U.S.-con- interest in 'Latin America. With the U.S. overtures are based on a promising trade trolled Canal Zone. The Chinese have bent on a course of friendship with Mao, future for the U.S. Actually, the pos- also announced support for the denu-.- this argument runs, the Russians will sibilities of healthy trade relations are elearization of Latin America. ? begin to make their own overtures of remote, since most of what Latin Amer- For years the State Department (often .friendship to us by "relieving tensions". ica .produCes is of low priority to Mao's flying in the face of hard facts to the caused, by increasing Soviet diplomatic state-directed economy. Nevertheless, contrary) blamed "Maoists" for much of and trade thrusts into Latin America. the Red Chinese are exploiting this senti- the terrorism in Latin America. The re- . ment and doing so for what obviously cord is filled with references in the past are political reasons. to "pro-Peking" groups operating in The payoff for Mao has been hand- such far-flung places as Argentina, Bra- some. Two years ago the Red Chinese zil and Uruguay. Castro was for years had embassies only in Havana and Santi- said by State Department spokesmen ago, Chile. Today (and this has happened to be following "the more militant Mao- just since President Nixon's July 1971 ist line," in contrast to what was loudly Faced with a Red Chinese challenge, it announcement of his impending journey proclaimed to be the "conventional" seems logical that the Russians will not to Peking), five Latin American coun- Soviet approach toward normalization .only try to hold onto what they have but tries have opened diplomatic relations of trade and diplomatic relation. will increase their efforts to obtain more and three more are committed to do so First Mexico and now Bolivia demon- client states. The total effect is hardly in the immediate future. strate that the Soviets are no less "min- one to be desired, and perhaps not. evenin their subversive efforts than the Costa Rica, El Salvador, Brazil, Ecua- tant" considered by White House and State dor and Colombia have sent official and "Maoists" were said to be some years Department "globalists" when they set semi-official trade missions to Peking back. In these two countries the Soviet out to exploit Russian-Chinese differ- embassies Were found not only to have ences. What they have done is set the and may open both trade and diplomatic backed guerrilla operations but to have stage in Latin America for increasing relations within the year. Indeed, the un-7. sent cadres to North Korea for military Red China-Soviet Union clashes, thus seemly rush by Latin American nations adding to the process of disintegration of to cozy up to Red China is even more tfaining and political indoctrination. the U.S. position. accelerated than their acceptance of One can only wonder what will happen Soviet embassies during the 1960s. with Maoists now happily ensconced in their own embassies in Latin America. STATI NTL nil r)J-7, r\LL .,!?? ? fl 9 nvpp er\ 6 t; 'Li STATI NTL ing seized them from Canada). Prime With their embassy established in Minister Forbes Burnham says that _Lima, Peking's rulers immediately an- Peking will purchase more than S.5.00,- nounced support for the 200-mile man- 000 worth from Guyana through a .per.7 time limit claimed by several Latin manent seven-member Chinese ;trade American countries. The U.S. holds to mission now lodged in the country. The the more conventional claim of a 12- mission also signed a 815-million trade mile fishing limit, a source of friction as agreement covering a five-year period, well as revenue (millions raked in by and any day now Peking will, have its Ecuador and Peru in fines from U.S. embassy in the capital of Georgetown. tuna vessels). The opposite appears to be -the case. What we can expect is an in- crease in tensions as the Red Chinese move into this hemisphere to chat- - lenge Russia in its power struggle with the U.S. The effect of the announcement last July by President Nixon that he would visit Red China was electric. Almost immediately, Latin American countries began to reconsider their position toward Nationalist China and commenced talks with Mao's representatives. Up until then, interest in Red China was.minimaL even non-existent. Since then, it is appar- ent that the Red Chinese have made extensive gains diplomatically and com- mercially. The tactic of the Chinese is not ap- preciably different from those employed One thing seems certain. If one by the Russians. Peru opened relations . accepts the argument that the Soviet- with Peking last November, swallowing Red China dispute is real, logic says as bait the promise that it would receive that this dispute will now extend to 'a 841-million, interest-free loan, repay- the Western Hemisphere. . _able in goods from Peru. Marxist Chile ? accepted a similar loan for 865 million, The Russians can hardly be happy at - while other Latin states strain to obtain the prospect of Peking moving into the same treatment. ? what the Communist world has for years ? There is hard eridenee that, given The new state itt. roved izemiciReied&A0041)WRIFf?adiAti3 ing turning over its bauxite mines to the Presicent i on s t l Red Chinese for exploitation (after hay- Chinese intend to use it agrzinst us. ? accepted as an area of Soviet interest and exploitation. Moreover, the Krem- 0-01601R0005000500043.4uba and the balance .of Latin America from the standpoint of big power politics to stand Approved For Release S0111RWAIFCIA-RDP80-01601 1 JUL 1972 ; Political Intrigue Former White Llouse consultant Howard E. Hunt, Jr., ? implicated in the bugging of the Democratic National s/ Committee, is a retired CIA employee. He is also the author, under the alias David St. John, of such thrill- ,/ ers as On Hazardous Duly and The Towers of Silence. In the latter epic, the hero is placed in a funerary tower ? ? in Bombay. The slow-winged vultures circle closer to their victim, ready to rend flesh from bone. Nothing like that is likely to happen to Hunt in this, latet in- cident. When asked about his role, why two of tlie de- tainees had his phone number, his reply to a reporter was: "Good God!" After a pause, he vent on: "In view that the matter is under adjudication I have no com- ment." He's had no comment either for the FBI agents investigating the case. With both the White House and the Committee to Reelect Nixon apparently in- volved, Hunt may have no more serious problem than developing a new alias. ? From events so far,, it would appear that Charles Colson, Nixon's aide for dirty tricks, used Hunt as a consultant. And over at the Committee to Reelect the, President, regular employee James W. McCord, also a retired CIA employee, was the alleged leader of the five-man team (the other four were Cuban free- dom fighters, also with CIA connections) that con- ducted the surreptitious entry of the Democrats' Water- gate Hotel suite, apparently to photograph documents and plant (or remove) audio surveillance devices. (John and Martha Mitchell are also among the Watei - gate's famous tenants.) The White House, initially at least, tried -to_ ignore the incident as "a third rate burglar attempt," which Ron Ziegler said was unworthy of further comment. The DemoccaLs are suing the Republicans for invasion of pi ivacy and taking it all very sehously, which they have, every right to do. With the apparatus of Justice in the hands of Richard Kleindienst, what kind of FBI investigation can one expect? 7 Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-0160-1 R000500050001-4. 111.1/ Approved For Release 20,611/019/24 : CIA-RDP STATI NTL o n n Li By PATRICK COLLIrs:S Several Presidential aides stood by and watched as federal authorities removed a pis- tol, diagrams of the Democratic National Headquarters, and an electronic eaves drop- ? ping device from Howard E. Hunt's desk in the Old _Executive 'Office Building next to the -White House, The Washington Daily News learned today. The seizure occured about a week ago when federal officials discovered Mr. Hunt had a desk located in the office suite of Charles Col- son, special counsel to the President. DENIAL However, the Justice Department yesterday denied that any plans of Democratic headquar- ters or a bug had been found in the desk. A spokesman said a .25 caliber Colt and half of a two-way intercom system, "like a walkie-talk- ie," were found. e Justice spokesman Jack W. Hustler' said, "About 95 per cent of that story (yesterday's News report) is incorrect." The News' sources today insisted that their information was accurate. ? The sources told the Daily News that in the presence of several White House aides the locked desk was opened and from the drawers Officials removed: - ? A fully loaded Spanish made automatic pistol. ? Floor plans Of the Democratic offices irt the Watergate Building. ? A partially dismantled "bug" similar to the ones confiscated from the the men arrest- ed in the burglary of the Democratic Head- quarters, June' 17; Also taken from Mr. Hunt's desk was a man- ual on the use and operation of the electronic surveillance equipment. Sources said the contents of the desk were placed in an envelope by the federal authorie- ties, who left the office soon after the search,. -Yesterday, a spokesman for the White House called the News to say. that Mr. Hunt did not have a desk in Mr. Colson's office, but had an office of his own on the third floor of the Old Executive Office Building. But other sources said that Mr. Hunt's desk was in a part of a Suite of offices assigned-to Mr. Colson. .? An. assiStant U.S. attorney said yesterday that the federal ..authorities did not need a search warrant since they have a right to .search abancioned.property left on federal pro- __ - perty. "That doesn't mean- a warrant wasn't used," the attorney said. In an unusual court action yesterday, Doug- las Caddy, the first attorney for th-e. bugging suspects, was ordered by Judge John J. Sirica to testify before a grand jury on his connection with Mr. Hunt. During the hearing, Asst. U.S. Atty. Fart J. Silbert said that Mr. Caddy had been called to testify Thursday in the investigation of possi- ble `-`unlawful interception of wire communica- tions" and "unlawful possession of wire de= vices." . . Mr. Caddy then refused to _discuss his ties with Mr. Hunt, claiming a lawyer-client rela- tioaship. ? ? ? - After Judge Sirica's ruling Mr. Caddy again went before the grand jury. - Mr. Hunt vanished after he was first linked to the bagging plot when police found his name and phone number in the address books of two of the burglary suspects. Before he disappeared, the FBI did talk to Mr. Hunt, but agents reported that he ducted most of their questions and "shed no light on the invesiig'ation." Mr: Hunt. 54, a CIA agent from 1919 to 1970 was a writer for the public relations firm of Rabert R. Mullett whose offices are diagonally across the street from the White House. He served as a part time consultant to the Presi- dent on de-classification of the Pentagon Pap- ers and on narcotics law enforcement. He was last seen at the White House, sources said, on March 29. BAY OF PIGS As a CIA agent Mr. Hunt was involved in the planning for the Bay of Pigs invasion where?he became closely associated with one of the burglary suspects Bernard Barker, then 'assigned to coordinate exiled Cubans for the invasion. - Mr. Barker and four other, men, all wearing ' surgical gloves were .captured by .police in the inner offices of the Democratic National Head- quarters, on the sixth floor of the Watergate Office Building, 2600 Virginia-av nw. ? ? Police saY -the men were. there to remove, "'dead bugs" hidden in the offices earlier. ? Besides Mr. Barker, police have charged: James McCord, an ex FBI agent and CIA em- ploye, then chief security advisor for the GOP; Frank Fiorini, a mercenary who fought for ?Castro and later defected to lead anti Castro groups in Miami; Eugenio Ma rtineK, a wealthy Miami real estate broker and Virgitia .Gonzalez, a locksmith associated with anti- -Castro campaigns. ? ? ? ? ? Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 wh:31-1:NG,WJ 351 Approved For Release 20131#63/542: CIA-IMPENCI Jury Probes Lawyer in 'Bug' Case By Bob Woodward and Jim Mann Washington Post Staff Writers . A former White House con- i .sultant and a lawyer who hasi (represented the five suspects in the bugging attempt at the . Democratic National Head- quarters were linked yester- day for the first time to grand jury and FBI investigations of the incident, when be received a Predawn sonallv with U.S. Attorney ' During an extrordinary call from the wife of Bernard Harold II. Titus Jr. to request court proceeding yesterday, it L. Barker, one of the five. that. Caddy be provided in ad- ''as revealed that. the attor- suspects. vance with a set of written ey, Douglas. Caddy, has been According to Caddy, Mrs. questions he would be asked questioned at least twice Barker was instructed to call by the grand jury. The Ina- after his name and home tele- ful possession- of wire de.. phone number were found in vices", as well as for local bur- address books taken from two glary charges. of the five suspects. Hunt, who has since dropped from sight, was hired as a $100-a-day White House consultant on the recommen- dation of the President's spe- cial counsel, Charles W. Col- son, a behind-the-scenes politi- cal strategist. Yesterday, Colson refused to discuss the matter but a secre- tary in his .offiee said: "It's ri- diculous, it's ridiculous, the whole thing." Caddy has said he first be- came involved in the case ? It was the first public disclo- sure of specific federal- charges under consideration. Silbert did not say who might be subject to those charges. He told Sirica that Caddy's conduct was "specious, dila- tory and . . . an obstruction of justice." Urban A. Lester, one of three attorneys representing Caddy yesterday, told the judge that Caddy was refusing to testify because "Once you answer one question, that -leads to another question." ? Lester said he had met per- about the possible involve. Caddy if she did not hear pose, Lester said, was "to save ment of the Central Intelli- from her husband by 3 a.m. on the grand jury's time and this gence Agency in the case. June 17?the date of the court's time." Titus rejected And Caddy was ordered to break-in. , the request, Lester said. named Democratic Prcidcn- :estify before a federal grand During 1969 and 1970, Caddy He also asked Sirica for per- tint candidate has planted two jury about his relationship and Hunt shared an office at mission to go over the ques? wq:?kers 'in the Nixt-to cam? with Howard Hunt, the one- ' Robert R. Mullen & Co., a time White House consultant. incident squarely into the; Presidential campaign. ? Metropolitan police and the FBI say they are looking' for four more persons in: connection with the incident. ? A diagram of the Miami Beach headquarters of Demo- cratic presidential candidate Sen. George S. McGovern was among the items found in the suspects' belongings. * Suspect Pernarci L, Bar- ker, real estate agent . and (IX operative in the abor- ive Bay of Pigs invasion, at-: tempted last year to obtain blueprints, of the air condi; inn- ing duets in the Miami Bc.-ieh COnventinn hall, according to a Miami architect. O The Nixon committee re- ported that two relativel im- port ant campaign strafe*, mcmcs were missing from its offices across from the House, and charged that ao 1111- Also yesterday, the Justice Department said that the con- tents of Hunt's desk in the old Executive Office Building in- cluded a walkie talkie and an unloaded pistol and have been turned over to the FBI. In the proceeding, U.S. District courtCourt Chief Judge here," Robert F. Bennett, pres-. had worked for the Miami recently for thons- John J. Sirica rejected Caddy's ident of the Mullen firm, told Caddy answered that he lizrd ands of Young Republicans to contention that he did not a report?. last ?,eek. not, Lester said. attend their- party's national Caddy, 34, was one of the co- Washington public relations firm where Ilunt worked as a writer until last week when he. was suspended. the questioning of Caddy had tions that might be asked of ptti-gn committee. Former .M- Caddy in advance inthe torney General John N. ,i itch- judge's chambers, hut Silica ell, the Nixon campaign chair- refused. man, is conducting an hide- Lester told_ the judge that pendent investigation into the entire matter. 'Caddy and Hunt were good gone far beyond his relation- friends and the relationship ship with Bunt. He said Caddy and Eugenio H. Martinez both continued after Caddy left had been asked whether he attempted to secure bolls:mg! ? Suspect Frank A. Sturgis have to testify about Hunt be- fore the grand jury -because he was Hunt's attorney. founders of the conservative At the end of the hearing, convention in August. The the judge said, "I don't think Yotmg Americans for Free- Young Republicans have de. Accordingly, Caddy was . again brought before the g,rancf dont and has since been active. jury, which is now hearing in conservative Republican ac-1 I evidence in the break-in and tivities' according to asso- I alleged bugging attempt. ciates. In making the disclosure Bunt, a CIA employee from about the gun and walkie-tal- 19.19 to 1970, is also the author of some 42 novels, including a Hushen, chief spokesman for m i I kie found in Hunt's desk, Jack. recent mystery that is set in ; Justice Department, denied a Blues Alley, a Georgetown jazz club that he patronizes, 1 m I' going to make any excep-1 lion in this case," and ordered!, v/Caddy to testify before the grand jury. Ile said the ques- tions put to Caddy were fair report that plans of the Demo- according to his publisher. erats' ? headquarters and an In the cout hearing yester- e ee Were also found there. day, Assistant U.S. Attorney But, the Justice Department Earl J. Silbert told the judge noted, the gun and walkie- that Caddy was first called by talkie found were turned over the grand jury on Thursday. to the FBI voluntarily by the When asked about Hunt, White House staff. Caddy invoked the attorney- It could not be learned if client privilege, refused to tes- the walkie-talkie operated on tify and then asked to leave t the same special frequencies the grand jury room and con- that ? wcre assigned for the suit with his own attorneys, walkie-talkies taken from the 1Silbert told the judge that tive suspects 4arrested inside' the Democrats' headquarters. the grand jury is investigating' Hunt was first connected tol, for possible federal charges or Silbert said. ones. Since the arrest at 2:30 a.m. June 17 inside the sixth floor suite of the Democratic head- quarters in the Watergate; 2600 Virginia Ave., NW, the case has taken the following turns: ? One of the suspects, James W. McCord Jr., a former FBI and CIA agent, was identified as the security chief to the Committee for the Re-Election of the President and a Secu- rity consultant to the Republi- can National Committee. Mc- Cord, now free on bond, was fired from both posts. , ? The Democratic National Committee filed 3 SI million civil suit against the Nixon re- nied any knowledge of these efforts. ? Martinez, a Miami lock- smith, was released from jail yesterday after posting a bond of $4,000 cash. Sturgis, Barker and Virgin() Gonzalez remain in D.C. Jail. STATI NTL cratic headquartersflasi "W"eEk j comrhiitile'lffelF 48M the bugging incitigriii ph4whi? fv.e teslAISW,Pitgl.,-060 R000500050001-4. ac 1- 4?????? a 44?0 ? ? I 14 STATI NTL Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RD CLEMAND, OHIO PLAIN DEAT,ER )A ? 409,414 8 -a (772dd ..S.1-:th:cin ''Nhi.1 Makes Presidents Popular Late in? March the Gallup Poll showed President. Nixon's approval rating was 53%. In words, that meant "so-so." - 0 n March 30 the North .Vietnamese started their_ big offen- sive. Their military hero, Gen. ' Giap, said this was to be the drive to final victory :over the Saigon government. Hanoi's army seemed invincible. On MaY 8 President Nixon went ta' TV. He announced -that he had ordered mine's? sown around North Vietnam's ports, that U.S. air and naval units should cut all land and sea routes to choke off arms being delivered to Hanoi's attacking troops. Hanoi and the harbor city of Haiphong were bombed. There Was some speculation ? among smart 'foreign affairs pen,Ae that -Russian boss Leonid I. Brezhnev might cancel the 't :Aline- summit , meeting. He might tell Mr. Nixon to stay home. BUT WHILE American airmen dropped smarter and smarter bombs on . more and more North Vietnamese targets nearer and nearer China, Mr. Nixon coolly went ahead on his planned trip to Moscow. He got there May 22 and promptly went to work signing agreements ? the arms limit treaty on May 26: From May 26 to May 29 the Gallup Poll went out asking its standard question: "Do you approve or disapprove of the way Mr. Nixon is handling his job as President?" Guess what, the score was. Mr. Nixon hit his higlies Point in popularity in almost two years. He was up to 61% approval. Now, all,the advanced thinkers ? espe- cially the reading and writing types who keep inhaling, and exhaling each _other's ideas untitmll?thc oxygen is gone out of SIMON them ? would have been surprised if they had noticed this upturn in the Nixon rating: . This upturn proves something .about America and presidential politics. Down , below the public debates there is a deep, strong current of nationalism. Today it is unpopular even to talk about such matters. In some quarters the word "patriotism" is -considered obscene. But?Mr. Nixon scored 61% when the advanced thinkers thought he must be blowing the whole presidential ball game. STRANGELY, presidential popularity rises when any president faces any kind of international crisis and takes strong action to meet that crisis. Burns Roper, the polling expert, did a fine analysis of this odd phenomenon in January of 1969. A president can win a higher approval score even with a bad play on the interna- tional stage. The Bay of Pigs fiasco brought John F. Kennedy's approval score UI) to 83%, though Fidel Castro made the Cuban invaders, the.?.c-, the United States and the White House look foolish. Roper found that "Domestic events tend to hurt the president whatever he does about them. He is damned if he does and damned if he doesn't." But on the foreign scene the public "clearly wants strong, de- cisive action from the president." Certainly Mr. Nixon's aggressive ac- tion did not assure him of re-election this November. There are months of campaign- ing. comparisons and new events between. now and then which will alter that 61% score., And a 61% approval score does not match electoral vote patterns. Still, 61% is higher than President Ken- nedy rated just before he was assassinated in November 1963. as his chances of re- election- were being assessed by the ad- vanced thinkers mentioned above. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 c, ? - -- Approved For Reiease 2001703/04 .:CIA-RDP80-01 3O JUN 1972 nfl s (7.z 7,1 r, .3 7 (i,ca Li ii LA s1/4&,.7) (1-. v'i/7 )77 \ rlf 7: 11 C7, (-f:n ( STATI NTL STATI NTL Qrtt?A ' teetti lat,t - L.1 LI ?-,::'17:.;) tt;) - By PATRICK COLLINS Federal authorities have seized a fully load- ed Spanish-made automatic pistol, diagrams of the Democratic National Committee headquar- ters 'and an electronic eavesdropping device ' from Howard H. Hunt's desk in the Old Execu- tive Office Building next door to the White House, The Washingtol Daily News learned today. .Sources Say the federal officers searched Mr. Hunt's desk, located in the office suite of Charles Colson, special counsel to 'President Nixon. The found floor plans of the De,rocral- ic offices in the Watergate building tind what was described as a "partially dismamled hug" similar to ones taken from give men ,breaking in the Democratic headquarters, June 17. Mr. Hunt was first linked to the bugging plot when lawmen discovered his name and phone number in the address boo!:s of two of the burgiary suspects. Police seid that next to his name, in one of the books was the notation "W. House," and in the other book Mr. Hunt's .name was followed by .the inscription "W.H." . , After this discovery, the FBI quizzed Mr. Hunt but agents reported that he avoided most of their questions and "shed no light on the investigation." That was the last communication police are known to have had with Mr. Hunt who broke contacts with his friends and employer here ? and "disappeared" afte,r he became publically connected with the burglary suspects. ?Mr. Hunt, 54, a writer for the public rela- 'tions firm of Robert R. Mullen whose offices are diagonally across the street from the White House, had been working as a special consultant to the President on the de-classi- fication of the Pentagon Papers and on nar- cotics law enforcement. He was last reported at the White House on March 29. r:17:71? ofl (771`'.' Ltt, Police are actively investigating a burglary told The Washington Daily News that thE of a Federal Reserve office, which some inves- names of former Sen. George Srnathers are: tigators feel may be related to the bugging of Rep. Dante Fascell, D-Fla., have been place:: the Democratic National Committee, on the visiting list of one of the suspect: On IVfay 5, the Federal Reserve officer, lo- cated on the eighth floor of the Watergate Of- fice Building, were broken into, police said. Without their knowledge, Frank Fiorini, add They said that five locked file cabinets con- ed the names of both politican'to his visitim taming plans weri jimmied open. list, which would allow them to come and tali A spokesman for the office said that nothing to Mr. Fiorini. appeared to be missing and that the papers in But both Sen. Smothers and Rep. Fasce' the file would not be of any value to someone deny ever knowing Mr. Fiorini or ever tryin, who might be cohtemplating the robbery .of a to contact him. "I wouldn't recognize the gu Federal Reserve Bank. ? if he walked in the door and stood right i In another development yesterday, sources front of my face," Sen. Smothers said. rt?sit.le Mr. Barker, police have chargee ...t...-- Helms and conservative columnist William F. i ? Janes McCord, an ex-FBI agent and CIA Buckley. ' plove who was chief .of security for the GOl Five days after the burglary the Mullen Co. and the Committee for the Re-Election of th "suspended" Mr. Hunt. A spokesman said yes- terday that Mr. Hunt had made one long dis- President; Frank Fiorini, a soldier of fortur who fought for Castro and later defected tance call to the office since that time, but he t ? made it a point not- in ro tell us where he was.,, lead anti-Castro groups in Miami; F.ugeui and Martinez a wealthy Miami real estate broke As a CIA agent Mr. Hunt was involved the planning for the ill-fated Bay of Pigs inv - Virgilio Gonzalez, a locksmith associate b A with anti-Castro groups. j ? sion where he worked closely with one of the ? burglary suspects, Bernard Barker, then as- signed to coordinate exiled Cubans for the in- vasion. Earlier this month, officials say, Mr. Hunt traveled to Miami where be met with Mr. Barker. Long after the Bay of Pigs and his work with the CIA, sources said Mr. Hunt continued. Tho he had a desk in Mr. Colson's office to support the anti-Castro Cubans exiled in suite, White House sources said that Mr. Hunt Mlarni? . tive building. . - Who's Who as a former writer for Life maga- Mr. Hunt, author of 42 novels, is listed in often worked for other officials in the Execu- Mr. Colson, described as a behind-the-scenes zine and a contributor to political journals. He man for the President, yesterday refused to owns a $209,000 estate in the prestigious Poto- answer any phone calls concerning the search mac area of Montgomery County. ?erotic offices. of Mr. Hunt's desk or the bugging of the Dem- Meanwhile the FBI and local police continue , - ' to assemble evidence for the grand jury inves- The two men met in 1966 at the Brown lini- tigation of the burglary in which the five men, versity Club where Mr. Colson served as?presi- alt wearing surgical gloves, were cornered by son, a White' House spokesman said, recom- police in the inner offices of the Democratic dent and Mr. Hunt as vice president. Mr. Col- , headquarters on the sixth' floor of the Water- mended Mr. Hunt for the consulting job at the ( gate Office Building at 2690 Virginia-a\'OW.White House. Approved For eleaie02,0C110'310,tts CAABORtir4ITAI01R000500050001-4 hired by the Mullen firm two years ago with as were in t ie office'to Mr. Hunt, a CIA agent Trom 1949 to 19 0 w nminrenronnfc emplaced eirlier in the Democratic offices. frnnl CIA director Richard CRICV:Ci0 Approved For Release25191/B/9617i.CIA-RD Nick Thinunesch -1-1. iT 11 1 ti IL/4 0 0 WASHINGTON?F r o m ? the capital which gave you. Daniel Ellsberg, the Pentagon Papers, and the stolen and Xeroxed thoughts of Henry Kissinger, we now present the case of "Who Is That Chief Security Man for the G. 0. P., and Why Is He Charged with Breaking Into Democratic National Headquarters?" lie is James Walter McCord Jr., 53, a quiet family man and churchgoing gent who worked for the CIA for 19 years, retiring to start his own seeurity agency. McCord and four associates who look like the remnants of a Bay of Pigs invasion force were arrested in- side Larry O'Brien's sanctuary, the Democ:ratic National Committee offices ? in the posh Watergate building complex here. They were equipped with rubber gloves, electronic bugging devices, photographic gear, tear gas pens, and obviously were not on . O'Brien's prem- ises to be inspired by Democratic cam- paign literature. Why they were there might be spelled out in their federal court trial or in the $1 million civil case filed by O'Brien where he charged the Commit- tee to Reelect the President with inva- sion of privacy and violating the civil rights of Democrats. Holds Contract with G. 0. P. What really bugs O'Brien filo pun intended] is that McCord was on the reelection committee's payroll, and had a contract with the Republican Nation-- al Committee as well to perform secu- rity services. Many retired specialists in police or security work do establish private secu- rity firms. McCord has an ? excellent reputation at the CIA, and kind words on his behalf were even pasSed on to the Republicans by an active official in the White House Secret Service. So, if the Republicans wanted to hire one of the bed hands in the cloak-and-dagger business, signing on McCord, as they did last fall, made sense. But what were they getting when they hired McCord? They were getting a man, by Campaign Director John Mitchell's own admission, who has "a number of business clients and inter- STATINTL 0 , TriVrATV(0-1Pil -"Tr7? 0 - ? mcnts, jimmying le-cts Ana cOecrin.0 his tracks like a cat Wrilar. In fact, ?',1cCord supervised the in- stallation tit TV monitors, door-lock buzzers at 'Nixon' headquarters and the inspection of offices for eavesdropping devices and phone taps. Campaign offi- cials explain that threats of assassina- tions, bombings, and violence, the pil- fering of memos, and the placing of spies on the staff by "some oth6r can- didate" make it necessary to have a' man with McCord's skills around. ? Moreover; Mitchell declares the re- election committee, while not authoriz- ing or condoning the actions charged to McCord, "is not legally, morally or eth- ically accountable for actions taken without its knowledge and beyond the scope of its control." Williams to Lead Attack Maybe so, but Edward Bennett Wil- liams, the celebrated criminal lawyer the Democrats retained for their civil suit, will seek to prove that McCord was acting ivithin the scope of his employ- ment when police nabbed him. What kind of mentality is it at Re- publican headquariers which decides that cloak-and-dagger men must be employed for security purposes? If John Mitchell's most brilliant memos are purloined by disloyal employes, so what? The lives and property of Repub- lican campaign workers could be just as well protected by a conventional se- curity agency without enlisting a spe- cialist with McCord's capabilities and other clients. The Watergate break-in looks more and more like a fob performed for a right-wing anti-Castro group, but this is small solace to embarrassed Nixon 'campaign officials. Naturally, OBrien grabs on to this astonishing episode for political gain, and makes all sorts of outlandish - charges such as the one that there is "a developing clear pile to the White House" in the case.. Humor is blessed 'relief in a messy episode like this one. But why do Re- publican campaign chiefs indulge in CIA mentality? Politics is a rough game, hut one where professional acro- ests and we have no knowledge of. bats of espionage like McCord aren't these relationships." ' - needed. The Republicans got them- They alsogat a man whose CIA Ovoy10.#01# and ciitering, planting electronic eaves- dropping devices, photographing docu- . got. Newsday tApprom ficvkiReleasek2-001 e, agida )R000500050001-4 DA.1.14I Approved FoP kelgasla001/03/04 : CIA-14 e ll-llouse herZred - r i lislig?ax? ---- STATImr - fo rod -4) in. Darn camicer. By CONRAD KOMOROW SKI WASHINGTON. June 26?Participants in the June 17 raid on national Democratic party headquarters here had direct links with the White House. Republican National Committee. Central Intelligence Agency and fascistic or- ganizations of Cubans living in the U.S. paredness, which is a part 'Of the Executive Office of the Pre- sident. Its job is witchhunting, the hunting out of dissenters and so-called "subversives" and planning of measures to deal with them. The Cubans, who were recruit- ed subversive activities against Cuba, including the CIA- organized invasion, have been working with the United States Military Reserve unit, which operates under the Office of Emergency Plans and Prepared- ness in the White House. Disclosures have linked an or- ganization of veterans of the Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba with the White House and the raid on the Democratic head- quarters. The tentacles can be glimpsed of a long-term conspiracy to use terrorist gangs and individuals against "left-wing causes" in the U.S. The raid on Democratic party headquarters?not at all a "left- wing- organization?shows how far this fascistic activity has gone. Ties with the fascistic ele- ments in the military reserve through the White House can be discerned. Trail of CIA The trail of the CIA is visible at all stages of the operations of these gangs. Members of the Ex-Combatientes Cubanos de Fort Jackson are reported to have met. with "American friends" on "direct action to combat what they viewed as left-wing causes in the U.S.," according to Tad Szulc in the New York Times June 22. The blundered attempt to bug Democratic party headquarters and to photograph files has re- vealed a festering cancer in the White House. When Nixon -moved into the White House he brought with him the baggage of the days when he introduced the first concentration camp bill in the history of Congress and helped create the period of McCarthy- ism. ;McCord's links James W. McCord, who was held on $30,000 bond after his arrest last Saturday, was at-that time under contract as security coordinator to the Committee for Reelection of President Nix- on headed by former Attorney General John N. Mitchell and of Other direct links These are not the only direct links. The name of E. Howard .Hunt, Jr.. was found in the ad- dress books of two of the parti- cipants in Saturday's raid. Hunt is a former CIA agent, who worked for it from 1949 to 1970. He was an associate of '.`Frank -Bender" in the organization of the Bay of Pigs invasion, and has maintaind his connections with former Cubans. Hunt was a consultant at the White House in 1971 and in 1972 until at least March. Two of-the participants in the raid are connected with Amer- itas, which is a wholly-owned subsidiary of the All-State In- vestment Fund, S.A.. incorporat- ed in Panama. Persons familiar with the revelations of CIA "fronts:: through which funds are channeled and activity con- ducted. believe this setup has the same foul smell. At his Thursday press confer- ence. Nixon did not denounce the raid but confined his state- ment to: "This kind of activity ...has no place whatever in our electoral process or in our gov- ernment process." The fact is that the connec- tions of the participants in the raid with the White House. etc.. governmental circles, both De- mocratic and Republican, as in the Bay of Pigs fiasco, the CIA activities in Laos and Cambodia. and he role of secret- conspir- acy in the Indochina war show that Nixon's statement is untrue. STATI NTL the Republican National Corn- show that "this kind of activi- mittee. Approved FobReltile m:r9 fropiacec- IA RDP80-01601R000500050001 -4 McCord was also a? member althoug i shous- of a 15-man unit of the Office ...t 17. Tal tory of surreptitious activity by V4ISIIIi37:01.4 POST Approved For Release 2001/0Fp5tipikRDP80-0 An Air of Mystery Surrounds Suspect Cuban Native Dropped Hi High of Hrie i h 'Connections, Friends - Say . By Peter Jay that for a . Yanqui, Barker was I-Toward Hunt," said the ,' Hotel was unknown to him spoke beautiful spanish," re- architect, Leonard Glasser. Washington Post Staff Writer and unauthorized. calls a Cuban journalist It has not been estab- Barker lives 50 blocks MIAMI, June 26?Bernard here. "1 had to tell them he fished that Barker and Hunt west of downtown Miami, in L. Barker, who was arrested was as much a Latin as we were in communication or a predominantly Cuban see- nine days ago with fourthat?according to one un- are." tion. other men in the Washing- confirmed , report?Hunt There are various stories m It is a neighborhood of ton Offices of the Demo- came to Miami and met with about Barker's clandestine small square bungalows, cratic National Committee, Barker about three weeks activities in circulation here, parched lawns, and wilted liked to sound mysterious, recently A ago. (s as Sunday, but many of them seem topalm trees that cast little according to people who FBI sources could not cow trace back to the man him- shade. As in working-class know him. firm that Hunt was in . self. A number of Cubans, neighborhoods in other cit- He this, dismiss the Miami.) ies, there are pick-up trucks He had been involved in i noticing - the abortive 1961 Bay of ' : Watergate caper as a quix- In Miami, Barker has fre- with campers and American Pigs invasion, and, acquaint- otic effort by an aging brag- quently been involved in flag decals, outboard boats ances say, he Was given to ? gard to recapture the excite- anti-Castro or other anti- on trailers, small children dropping veiled hints that ment of his espionage days Communist activity, most re- on tuicycles; it looks corn- ho is well-connected in U.S. and to win the acclaim of cently by organizing a mo- fortable, clean and decent? intelligence circles and that torcade of Cubans support- the exile community. .but by no means affluent. interesting things weredNixon'sing President Nxon's eci- "Barker? A big talker," Barker's neighbors, like afoot.sion to mine the ore- said a businessman in the Nth Vitother Cubans here, say they Like many of 'Miami's >> so harbors. But he ap- La Havana Vieja Shopping still don't know what to more thm? 200,000 exiles, he pears to be .neither influen- Center here, where Barker's think of the case. They have the i l ia nor popular n is known as a political cow small real estate office? t . read in the newspapers of servative and a strong anti- major exile organizations. Barker Associates?is lo- an attempt by Barker to get Communist. He supported His business career is cated. "But don't use my the architect's plan of the -President Nixon's mining ofname." hard to chart. Barker Asso- . Miami convention center, North Vietnamese harbors, elates, which he opened last In the Bay of Pigs opera- where the Democrats will and had urged Odle groups year after getting his real tion, Barker's code name is estate license, has been in- meet in two weeks; that re- to oppose war protesters at said to have been "Macho" minded one friend, at least, this summer's two national volved in a few big transac- -a nickname he still uses, of Barker's remark about political conventions here. tions--but only a few. 11 years later. The word And these seem to have "doing something about the convention." Of the five suspects ar- simply means "male." but it been due to Barker's friend- , . But what? And also why? rested in connection with has stronger connections: ship with Miguel (Mike) Those are the questions the the attempted bugging of the equivalent nickname in Suarez, an ambitious and the Watergate, three (includ- English would be "stud"?an highly political lawyer who neighbors- keep asking, for ing Barker), were born in unusual, -rather adolescent once ran for mayor of which neither the ne.wspa- Cuba. All have a back- sobriquet for a 55-year-old. Miami as a Republican (he pers nor the police nor the ground in intelligence, anti- Barker's role in the Bay of Came in a poor fifth) and is politicians on either side Castro activity or both. Four Pies invasion, exile sources the attorney for Barker's ... have yet to offer an answer. of the five, including Bar- say. Was significant?but firm. ker, are in D.C. jail pending more organizational than op- Ameritas, the organization release on bond. erational. He was said to be that police first said was a Except perhaps for James close to Manuel Artime, who shadowy anti-Castro group -,W. McCord Jr., a veteran of commanded the landing to which the Watergate five /19 years with the CIA and, force, and to have been a belonged, turned out to he a -1 at the time of his arrest in major conduit for Central real estate corporation the Democratic offices in Intelligence Agency funds, headed by Suarez. Suarez Watergate, chief of security His association with the. and stationery by Barker says the use. of the name- services for the Committee CIA is believed to have ' ? for the Re-election of the h th ,hen they ' President, Barker is the lasted at least through 1964, when commanders were registered at the Watergate : man who has attracted the most attention. . being trained in Nicaragua f ' -Despite his Anglo-Saxon for anti-Castro harassment name and appearance, his raids. American father, service in If Barker has met Howard the U.S. Army as an officer E. Hunt, the mysterious In World War 11 in the Eu- raider-spy-White House con- sultant who dropped from ropean treater and his resi- s dence in Miami, Barker is aight after a reporter told Cuban. He was born in Ha- him his name has been vana 55 years ago, served found in notebooks carried by the suspects in the Wat-. with the secret police of the crgate bugging. it probably- .-dictador Fulg,encio Batista before Castro came to would have been through power, and associates almost the CIA.? entirely with Cubans in According to a Miami ar; Miami. chitect, Barker often men- d ttoXibliWO Ulk#333/04 ' 0 . CIA-RDP80-01601 R000500050001,-4 "someone saiAtopocie Ann. Ile ..said his ,name, STATI NTL STATI NTL Approved For Releffee2001/03Y04 : CIA-RDP8 2 6 J1.11 ic;;;"? 7SterV r-? 7 - .1.\,.Lo X Live Ls 1.11P. in Raid on Democrats By WALTER RUGABER Spedal to Me New Yo: -'4is WASHINGTON, June 23 ? Ten minutes later, acting o Moving through the basement what he ?ow calls a "hunch, ' he retrirned to the basement. after midnight, the guard found The !etches were newly taped. strips of tape across the latches oci were two others, on a lotver of tv,,o doors leading to the, itwej, that had been en- underground pa garage. obstructed only minutes before. It was an altogether fit be- 'Somebody was taping the ginning for a first-rate mystery doors faster than I was teeing ? the raid on the Democratic it 0ffi"allsaid in On interview later. "I called the pa- National Committee head.quar-lice."His alarm was loaaed at ters. the central station at 1:52 A.M. In the eight days since, the on Saturday, June 17. White House and the Republi- It tool; less than 45 hours can party have been embart. for the authorities to clamp a I airly tialit lid on tiiiites. Much rassed, the Democrats have of the iMormati311 that emcraed sensed a big dectinn-year issue at4-, el ward, even en the most and a major Federal investiga- Pedc:strian points, was unoffi- lion has begun. cial or lashed by unnamed The mystery has involved sources. Republican officials, agents or hnd none of iteqabli'lled. motive. Washinaion went on a, former agents of the Central speculative, bingo but even Intelligence Agency, White those runnincr, the investigation House aides and bewildering were said to be confused and assortments of anti-Castro uncertain. The available facts , offered many possible inter- Cubans. Guard Not Alarmed pretations. More Tape Found There has been talk of tele- First to reach .the Watergate phone taps, spy cameras and V.'i21:0 plainClOthCS members of stolen files; of obscure corpo- the Second District Tactical rations and large international o nouad. 1 hey went first to the financial transactions; of un- eighth and top floor, where solved raids on chancery offices tape. was found on a stairway door. Nothing else was amiss, and on influential Washington, i however. law firms. Working, their way down, The guard, Frank Wills, a they found more tape on the tall, 24-year-old bachelor who sixth floor. With guns drawn, earned $S0 a week patrolling they entered the darkened of- one of the office buildings in flees of the Democratic National Committee Crouchedd there the Wategate complex for - ? were five unarmed men, who General Security Services, .Inc., surrendered quietly. I was not greatly alarmed when "They didn't admit what they he found the tape. were doing there," said John The high-priced hotel rooms, Barret, one of the plainclothes prestigious offices and de- men who handcuffed the five and lined them up against a gant condominium apartments tvall. "They were veryd' ite Ira's takeover M1959. The records showed that within the Watergate develop- but they wouldn't talk. "P All except Mr. McCord left since January Mr. McCord had iment had been favorite targets Presumably, there was plentyMiami Fridayan- received $1,209 a month as of Washington's burglars and to talk about?the taped latch- _ afternoon, parcntly on Lastern Airlines "security coordinator" for the Isneak thieves for several years. es, for examdle. Flight 190, which arrived at Nixon organization, and that For one ' ' thing tapins, the Washington National, Airport at since October he was paid more Along with three present or doors was a dead giveaway. 3:50 P.M. Mr. Barker used his than $600 a month for guard former Cabinet officers and Ordinarily, burglars use wood American Express credit card services for the Republican various other Republican lead- en match sticks. Also, why did to rent a car at that time. unit. ers, the tenants included the anyone bather with the door The four men checked into The following day it was on the eighth floor? was risky in the extrema to understood to have dined that two rooms-214 and 314?at learned that in address books the Watergate Hotel. They are taken by -the police from Mr. Barker and Mr. Martinez the Democratic National Commit- ' ' 1 Futtnermore, once the tam- tee. Its offices had been entered pering had been discovered, it at least twice within the last evening in the hotel restaurant. name of E. (for Everette) How- six weeks. - repeat it. Who did it. And why t The hotel connects with the of- and Hunt appeared. Mr. Hunt But Mr. Wills assumed that were two separate basemen the office building's mainte-. entrances taped the second lice building through the under. had worked, as recently as March 20, as a White House nance men had immobilized the time? .ground garage. consultant. of tape, allowin? t a t o Al FAIA0144100}11{411 041-1.ta A- P#M1.q101#10400400001 14 in latches. He tore ' ? e to lock, and returned to his the insme, and once entrance 'five Men Lied vs:tit them at the pects an prim:died enyelope 'drat post in the lobby. 1 to the building had been] ' cont. I onrc II STATI NTL pined, an intruder could have left without keys and without setting off an alarm, Too Many Men Five; men were found in tile Democratic offices, which struck those informed in such matters as three or four too time of their arrest and ob- tained warrants to search the two hotel rooms and. the rczited automobile. An inventory in-: eluded: c -AV() 35-mm. cameras equipped with close-up lens at- tachments, about 40 rolls of many. ,unexposed 35.min. film, one The five men were charged ton of film from a Minwt camera. and a high inter:tity with binelary and lett off to the District of Columbia jail, all useful in ceaniing where they all gave false names documents. to the boolMer cliicer. After a cirten or three microphones routine fineaiprint check, they and transmitters. Two coding were. identt:ied as follows: panels had been removed:in an Beenard L. Latter, 55 years office adjacent to that of tbe aid, a native of Havana who party chairman, Law/ coca fled the. Iridol Castro 10:111C O'Bt I:11, and it was thettrized and became an American that the cquipment was 1,einn citizen. He is president of installed, replaced or remnveci, Barker Associates, a Miami ttAn assortment cf what teal estate concern. were described as lock picks :lames Walter WicCord Jr., 53, and burglary tools, two wa Ode- a native of Te-'c. He is now talkie radios, several cans end president of McCord Asso- pen-like canisters of Cheirtical dates, Inc. of suburban Rock- Mace and rubber surgical ville, 4d., Pt private security gloves, which all five men had agency. been wearing. Frank. Sturgis, 45, who lost his c_Nearly $5,050 in cash. The citizenship for fighting in the money, found in the possession Castro army but regained it of the. five and in the two hotel later. lie has changed his, roams, included sone $5,500 in name from Frank Fiorini hut $100 bills bearing consecutive is still known under both serial numbers. names. He works at the Parts of the Democratic Hampton Roads Salvage headquarters had been ran- Company, Miami. sacked. Mr. O'Brien suhse- Eugenio P. Martinez, 51, a man quently said that the party's with $7,199 in his savings ac- opponents could have found count and who works as a array of sensitive material, hut. notary public and as a Ii- no pattern to the search has censeu reat estate operator. been disclosed, I He now works for Mr. Bark- Last Sunday, the Associated 1 or's agency and is said to Press discovered from Repub- earn $1,000 a month. bean financial records filed Virgilio R. Gonzalez, 45, a with the Government that Mr.. locksmith at the Missing Link McCord worked for both the Key Shop, .miami. Ho is re. Comittee to Re-Elect the Presi- pohed to have been a house dent and the Republican Nation- painter and a barber in Cuba, al Committee. which he fled after Mr. Cas-1 'Security Coordinator' 1)AILY ;7g,:t;a Approved For Release 2b61/03442 CIA-RDP80- STATINTL :Are Cuban' e;)- ? being set- Up? By VIRGINIA PREWETT THE bungling, Bay-of-Pigs style of the national Demo- cratic headquarters break-in, plus the reappearance of vet- erans of the CIA team that directed the Bay of Pigs inva- sion, with a few Cuban hench- men, have created in the minds .of many ? Cuban exile personalities in Mia mi the impression that their commu- nity is being set up for something. Tho nobody has succeeded in linking any 'genuine or responsible Cuban exile leader to the shady bugging affair, a good deal of the current newspaper speculation creates a shad- ow of a doubt about the exile community's role. I have been asked many times if some exile community motive, as opposed to the actions of an insignificant few, could have prompted the burglary. ? "We don't know who could be setting us up," said a genuine and recognized exile community leader on the phone from Miami, "hut we're getting the feeling that if something had hap- pens during either the Democratic or Republi- can conve?tim here, 'Cuban exiles' are going to be blamed," . I share their feeling that the reappearance of members of the CIA's Bay of Pigs team bodes no good for the anti-Castro Cubans. I was as close as any North American to the? Cuban ditectorate that sponsored the invasion, tho I did not personally know the CIA team in charge of it. Early on, I formed a deep convic- tion, which has grown with time, that the CIA squad itself designed the invasion for failure. A Cuban who was a member of the sponsor- ing exile council has just revealed that "Frank Bender," the CIA invasion chief, was in fact a man /1 a mod FI ani: Grolier. And that, further- more, he was one of the several Central Euro- peans being used at the time by the CIA. The only authentic CIA operative that I ever knew in Latin America was one of these. Wherever he touched, disaster followed for the democratic, anti-communist left. He channeled aid for years to the Dominican Juan Dosch and played a shadowy role in the 1965 Domini- can icheltion. My most responsible U.S. sources, including a CIA advisor, came to question whether he was in fact a double agent. If the CIA team making arrangements for the Day of Pigs had indeed been Iron Curtain double agents, they could not have planned failure more efficiently. I cite only two of many points sustaining this thesis: First, in a military sense, there was no way to ?guarantee that previous invader air strikes, even if fully carried out, would destroy all of Castro's potential to hit back from the air. Yet the invasion ships had only two or three anti-aircraft machine guns. These were defectively mounted and wrenched loose from the deck on their first firing, killing invasion personnel. -Secondly, the night the invaders left Central America, Antonio Varona, of the exile council sponsoring the invasion, was in' my living room weeping .tears of rage. He said that as .the invasion got under way, the CIA team for- bade the Cuban leaders to use the Swan Island radio station from which it had been agreed the latter would send pre-arranged signals to their counterparts inside Cuba so they could help the invasion. And immediately after- wards, the exile leaders themselves were put Under a kind of U.S. house arrest and held incommunicado. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 VIASIIII;t;701;os Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RD 26 JUN 1972 ,fl iTt"t-* A T ' ? '7' ? li r.)+ "-rt VII ri:ASIIIIZG TON ST/ fl Approved For Release ggoitivim : CIA-RDP80-01 By MERWIN K. SIGALE Special to SL MIAMI ? Its relevance to the break-in at Democratic National Coinmittee headquar- ters is speculative, but there are many Cuban exiles here who shudner at the thought a Democrat who is "soft" on Cuba defeating President Nix- on in November. The reported connection of some of the suspects in the Washington raid \ -hit past anti-Castro activities in Miami has raised the possibility that motives related to U.S. pokey en Cuba peempted the enpar- cat effort to bun the Demo- cratic party office. Moreover, the suspects' evi- dent interest in the layout of certaimfacilities for the Demo- cratic Natienal Convention -- including two hotel [milt omits reserved for Son. George McGovern ? has suggested that some action may have been planned during the con- vention in Miami Beach start- ing July 10. Whether this would have involved intelli- gence-gathering here or dem- onstrations by Cuban exiles can only be conjectured. Upsurge in Registration There is ample reason for militant exiles here to want to defeat the Democratic chal- lenger to Nixon, and especially to block the presidential ambi- tions of McGovern. This may account for an apparent up- surge in GOP voter registra- tion in Miami's Cuban commu- nity as well as recent contribu- tions by well-heeled Cuban- American Democrats to Nix- on's re-election campaign. McGovern, the most likely Democratic nominee, has stat- ed in interviews that, as presi- dent, he would end the U.S. policy isolating Cuba political- )), and economically. He has advocated a resumption of trade with Cuba, restoration of diplomatic relations and cul- tural and travel contacts, and closing of the U.S. naval base at Guantanamo Bay. The South Dakota senator was one of the sADDTOVi3d "Congressional CARIrenoe on rr U.S.-Cuba Relations" held on Capitol Hill April 39-20, al- though he did not participate in the open delibarations. Those who did take part, most- ly from the academic world and pri v a te orgarizat ions, joined in a call for steps to- ward normalizing relations with Cuba. Sen. Edward M. Kminedy, D-Mass., Whose name has fig- ured in speculation almut the Democratic presidentiel end vice presidential meminetions, also was a sponsor. Ile read a statement at the meeting in which he raid the United States should ''take the first step" toward a reconcilletion with Cuba. Noting adminieira- lion gestures Inward Chime Kennedy called the "stale poll- , tetne,t, k t eeeni r e,e7 ; I 1.1 Li "After living in exile for more than 11 years," he wrote, "it inimpossible to per- mit coexistence with the Red beast, nor would my mind ad- jt to it." Ife called for a policy that would allow Cuban exiles to wage war against Castro "from friendly soil," meaning the United States. Suarez did not mention Mc- Govera or any other Demo- crat. Same Cubans still are wary of the Democrats, since it was President John F. Kennedy who failed to give alt-out U.S. suppart to the Bay of Pies invesien or to take steps to- ward fulfilling Ida promise to the ransomed invaders that limy medic! ultimately return to a "lime Cuba." Cuban hopes sn,:yd-"ndlt20(inni0 alf (loilZydoii4}1.:aLte ? were not realized, either, un- leads us nowhere." der President Lyndon B. John Also lenning their names as son or even under Nixon. sponsors of the conferenee were eight other senetors, all Democrats except Jacob K. javits, R-N.Y., and 19 House members, 17 of them Demo- crats. 'Little Havana' Peelings Although - anti-Castro pas- sions in the Miami area 1-,ave A Choice This Year This year, however, there could be a choice between McGovern, who advocates a friendlier policy toward Cuba, and Nixon, who has remained hostile toward Castro although restricting the ability of exiles to raid Cuba from U.S. soil. cooled in the McGovern may be one rea- 13 years siece Castro took power, the kind of son for the rising GOP regis- tration in Cuban precincts. It talk about Cuba that has come is estimated that 30p3 to from McGovern and SOMC oth- er leading Democrats still ran- 10,030 of the more than 250,000 kles a segment of "Little Ha- Cubans in Dade County are vana's" residents. , U.S. citizens who have regis- One who takes a hard view tered to vote. on Cuba is Miguel A. Suarez, a The potential Mc- Cuban-American lawyer who Govern-Nixon contest appar- ently has benefited GOP fund-raising in the Cuban com- munity here. Oscar A. White, 44, a Cuban-American lawyer who settled in this country in 1946, gave a $100-a-couple din- ner at his North Miami home on June 3 and raised $15,000 for the National Hispanic Fi- is a partner in real estate ven- tures with Bernard L. Barker, one of the five suspects in the Washington break-in. Suarez, who has denied having any ' knowledge of the raid, is a self-described "Nixonian" Re- publican, and the door to his law office bears a "Re-elect the President" sticker. mance Committee for the Re- lic also is a- contributor of election of the President, an a r tic le s to the Spanish- organization that operates un- language magazine Replica. der former Commerce Secre- published here, and in the May tary Maurice H. Stalls, the 14.-20 issue, he pleaded, "Don't chief fund-raiser for Nixon's ? negotiate with Castro, Mr. campaign. FbildR6lease 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 "It was very successful," said White. "Most of my friends ? about 03 percent of them Democrats ? were ores- ent." White said he switched from the Democratic to the Republican party three months ago. lie and his welt- to-do friends, he explained, are more "scared" of Me- Govern's tax proposals than of his views on Cuba. Among Cubans in general, however, McGovern's Cuba policy looms larger. "There's no qtiestion aneet that," said Jose M. Casapava, state finance chairmen fa: the Hispanic committee and vice peesideet of a brod?crae-:. firm. "We arc conservative, we are vigorously anti-Comnienist, and we feel the Repulnican national platform and Mr. i?;ix- on reflect this ideology more than the Democratic plattoem as a whole and or course much more than Sen. McGovern." Goal of f,200,600 Casanova said his state group has raised about $70moo for the Nixon campaign and has a goal of at least $2e0,e00 of the $1 million targeted on a national basis by the Hispanic committee. Mexican- Americans in California and Texas are expected to contrib- ute most of over-all stun, he said. Nixon's failure to unleash the exiles against Castro is "the No. 1 criticism we find" when seeking funds, Casanova said, but "those who are ciisil- lusioned feel they have no choice on the other side. We are not saying Nixon is going to do anything. We recognize that his first obligation is to the country as a whole. We do know one thing: He is sympa- thetic to our people. He is a staunch anti-Communist." STATI NTL Approved For Release 20903pil. ipylt-RDP80-01601 2 5 JUN 1972 N?Rlf.lcaps.WWMEMEIMINOMMIN J Watergate Caper: From the Folks Vih Brought You the Bay of F WASHINGTON?The affair has be- come popularly known in the capital ? as the "Watergate Caper." But v, hat it means no one is quite. sure. It all began at about 2 A.?:,1. Satur- day, June 17, when three Wa,--hington policemen answered what they thought was a burglary call to the elegant 'hotel and business Watergate com- plex overlooking the Potomac River. In the offices of Democratic Na- tional Committee on the sixth floor of the Watergate Office Building the police surprised five men carrying electronic listening devices and spe- cial cameras. Upon being questioned they proved to have unusual political links and Central Intelligence Agency backgrounds. One of them was James W. McCord, a former C.I.A. official and the securi- ty expert for the Republican National Committee and the Committee to Re- Elect the President. The others were Bernard L. Barker, a wealthy Cuban- born Miami realtor (equipped for the job with walkie-talkie radios, canisters of Mace, burglar tools and 53 se- quentially numbered $100 bills which the F.B.I. later discovered were part of the proceeds of four checks drawn an a Mexican bank deposited in a Miami Beach bank and then with- drawn. in an S89,000 lump by Mr. Barker in May); a Florida notary pub- lic of Cuban origin; a onetime Havana barber and locksmith; and an Amen-- can soldier of fortune. And looming behind the group was an even more adventurous figure?E. Howard Hunt Jr., a former top C.I.A. official who planned the abortive 196l Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba. Mr.. Hunt until last March had been a $100-a-day White House consultant and has worked as a writer for a Washington public relations firm con- .nected with efforts to raise funds ;for President Nixon's re-election s campaign. He is also a prolific author of spy novels. ? Mr. Hunt appeared to be the chief of what some investigators said was a loosely organized Cuban-American, right-wing commando team. In his Bay of Pigs days, Mr. Hunt was known under the code name of "Eduardo:" one of his closest associates at the time was "Macho," the nom-de-guerre of Mr. Barker, - ? Mr. Hunt, who would not talk with. the F.B.I., vanished from sight. Mr. Barker would not talk with the F.B.I. either. But various sources said he had recruited three of the operatives arrested at, the Watergate Office Build- ing, plus four Others who escaped. The men were- aid to have been flown from Miami to Washington, driven from the airport in, a 1972 Chrysler and installed at the Watergate Hotel under false names as members of a Miami real estate corporation. After a lobster dinner, they moved next door for the break-in. ? What was the reason for the job? JUdging from the equipment found on the suspects when they were are rested in the office of Lawrence O'Brien, national chairman of the Democratic party, Mr. Barker and his companions were trying to install a secret transmitter in the ceiling and photograph Democratic files. The incident apparently was not an isolated event. This commando team or its associates were suspected of having pulled off several other jobs recently. One of them was a burglary at the Chilean Embassy, during which documents were apparently micro- filmed. And there was an earlier at- tempt on the Democratic. headquarters. For the Republicans the affair was, of course, an embarrassment. They deplored it, officially, as un-American. President Nixon told a news confer- ence last Thursday that the White House had "n?nvolvement whatso- ever," But neither he nor any of his staff explained why Mr. McCord?who was later freed on bail?was among the raiders captured. Nor was there any explanation of the relationship between Mr. Hunt and Charles W. Colson, a special counsel to the Presi- dent who had recommended hiring Mr. Hunt as a part-time White House consultant. For the Democrats the affair pro-, duced some satisfying anti-Administra- tion publicity. "Fwish it had happened' in October instead of June, but I don't ivant to sound ungrateful," one Demo- crat said. The party moved .to exploit the case by filing a million-dollar suit against the Republican National Com- mittee and the Committee to Re-elect the President. That could keep the. topic alive through the summer. . ?TAD SZULC Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 STATI NTL Approved For Release 20614a04 2 5 J11:I 7972 rom Those Won Who By Art Bucit-waid Capitol. Punishrrient The arrest of five men in the Democratic National Headquarters last weekend has caused a great deal of consternation in high Republican circles, All leading officials deny they had any ;knowledge of the incident, which was planned and executed by the same people who gave us the "Bay of Pigs." While most people are mystified as to how it ? was possible that high Republican figures did not know of the raid, it was easily explained to me by a friend who is very close to the Republi- can Party. "The decision to raid the Democratic National Headquarters in Washington was made as a pro- tective reaction strike. We knew the Democrats were massing a buildup for an attack on the Republicans in July, and it was in our interests to destroy their files before they were used against us." "But wasn't this raid a violation of the presi- dential orders not to bug the enemy's telephones unless the Republicans were attacked first?' "The general in the field who made the deci- sion may have gone beyond the literal intention of the rules, but he/believed his actions were justified on the basis of intelligence reports that the Democrats were going to invade Miami." "But at the time the rail was made, the Demo- cratic headquarters was considered off limits as a target area," I said. "Surely high Republican officials must have been aware -of what was going on." "As far as the high officials were concerned, they had no knowledge of the raid. In fact, they had given out strict orders that illegal strikes _against the Democrats had to be cleared with cTi ,erfrt PeopleSTATINTL nought You of them. Somehow conununications got fouled up, which can happen during an election year." "Do you believe a 'raid of this type, if success- ful, could have changed the outcome in Novem- ber?" - "We are fighting a tough, ruthless enemy who will stop at nothing to impose its type of govern- ment on the American people," he said. "We cannot sit idly by and allow them to take over the White House. "Perhaps we didn't play by all the rules of the game, but 1 can assure you the Democrats are not playing by the rules either. This incident has been blown out of all proportion. "Had the raid succeeded 110 one would have said a word. But because it failed, everyone is up in arms. Instead of criticizing the people be? hind the attack, I think they should be congratu- lated for putting their party first." ? "But," I said, "aren't you escalating the elec- tion by bugging the Democrats, and photograph- 'ing their files?" "We did not escalate the election. They did. They're the ones who are trying to kick us out. Their leaders have said as much. The President has said many times he would agree to a cease- fire, providing the Democrats give.e up their political ambitions. But the honor of ,the presi- dency is at stake, and Mr. Nixon has no inten- tion of giving the country away." "Will the Republicans- court-martial the peo- ple responsible for the raid on the Democratic headquaiters?" "No, but they will be demoted and put on a pension." "That's tough," I said. "Perhaps. But their Worst punishment is that they will nes* be allowed to bug for the Repub- lican 'Party again." Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 ? WLSHINGTON 1/0ST Approved For Release2290j1B313. : CIA-RDP80-016 "rf e 4'. 77 President Nixon's decision rtO mine the Haiphong hat% L.! k (Li bor. According to reliable ex- ?'F 7 Tr- e , ; ile sources in M iami, Sturgis alid another of the suspects ,7 QA,J1 LiAij in the bugging case, Ber- k', (I-I tifee'2e Li It _a. nard L. Barker, showed up uninvited at a meeting called to oreanize a demon- stration supporting the Pres- ident. Both Barker and Sturgis spolie at the meeting, the aourcea said, and Sturgis pzirtieidarly tried to assume rok of leadership in the demonatration, claiming he. represented the interests of exiles from "captive na- tions.? He eventually ended up driving one of the lead truces in a 200e-ehiele con- voy that was in the van- guard of the demonstration, the soerees said, Cubans in Miami reported that SuireiS and Emiker had been a tteteptine to organize exile demonstrations at the "ely Darling Wife: It: Detneeratie Netional Con- breaks my ecert to he away vention next InOntli, for the from yoe ha I apnot undo purpoie of embarrassing the what I started. 1 have gotten party. myself a very good repute- "The problem in figuring lion with Fidel and?believe out Sturgis," one Miami it or not-- he is a good newspaper reporter has friend of mine." said, "is that you don't know how much of what you hear about him is self-generated and exaggerated, and what Carolina,. Sturgis has de- gis "quite well" in Miami re- is fact." called: The reporter cited Slur- monstraied a propensity for "Until 1967, when I last Os' purported involvement dropping out of sight and saw him, Fiorini was part of with the Central intern- then showing up in stranee - that band of seedy anti-Cas- eence Agency as a ease in places at stranee times. tro James Bonds living off point. "There's no question In 1958, after his wife and - in he might have done some rel- Soon after his return to friends in Norfolk reported Florida, and getting money atively minor work for the Miami from Cuba, Sturgis him missing, Sturgis mice- .t arom right-wing Texans and agency off and on," the re_ a n d Bernard L. Barker? peetedly appeared in an As- Californians." porter said, "But some peo. identified in some reports as sociated Press wirephoto pie think he was once a big the leader of the group ar- from Ceee. showed Aeoca said Sturgis was wheel who organized guer- rested inside the Democratic Cuba, It the mass "among those questioned by rillas; and other people National Committee offices standing grave of 75 executed fallow- the FBI after John Kenne- think he was supposed to re- ?became acquainted. dy's assassination because of port on Cubans who were Columnist Jack Anderson, .ers of Fulgencio Batista. He his activities. At one time too wild for the CIA." whom Sturgis has pre- had joined the rebel army of his Miami house was an ar- Separating fantasy and viously supplied with infor-. Fidel Castro in the hills of scnal, complete with 20 mil- _fact, this much is known illation and who Friday Oriente Province. ? A year later, Sturgis limetter cannons." about Frank Sturgis, the offered to take legal custody Cuban exile leaders var- landed a plane in Miami stick 3e wavy-haired itinerent of the suspect, told report- with the chief of Castro's air with an equal fondness for ers that "Frankie ... said he cons, .i\W. Pedro Diaz urn-citable, romantic, a able, jungle fatigues and white-on- worked for Barker" when Lanz and immediately seeker of Publicity, a han- white shirts. they were arrested. , joined the Cuban exile cam. ger -on constantly trying to . ? Meanwhile, Sturgis' attor- l himself with what- He was born F n- rank A paign against Castro. invove new told a judge that his ever intrigue he could find ony Fiorini in Norfolk, client lives with a wife and have tagen him to the Bay at the moment. daughter in Miami, where i The latest of his adven_ and waiter and completed of Pigs (depending on whom he earns $150 a week as a you listen to), eefireteiy tures?notwithstanding the two years of college at Old Dominion College there. salesman for an aluminum landed him in Guatemala break-in at Democratic Na- company and owner of a sal- (where he trained a guer . tional Committee headquar- During World War II, he vage firm. He argued that rilla force of 2:3 Cuban eX_ tors?appears to have been served as a corporal in the Sturgis is a good candidate lies) and ventually led to a an attempt to drum up Marine (Imps and report- for reduction of bond and , e Cuban exile support for edly was wounded at Oki- urged that he be released to ail in?British Honduras. nawa. Followine the war, he the custody of Anderson or Approved For Release 2001/0041,:atakAUF*416p1130N4005cct and worked as a flight in- ton. structor at Glenrock Airport 6ar1 Bernstein Wa,hiLatcn. ewe slA,f1 Writ cr In U.S. District Com l.. On that occasion, in le63, Thursday, Frank Sturgis-- Sturgis told British eutliovi- ties that the boat on which also known as Frank Fiurini ?was described by a pr he and 10 companions were W..0- arrested was voyage to etitor as the most well-tray- melte a commando .raid in eled of the five men ar- Cube. llowever, the :Mexican rested in the alleged plot to captain of the craft claimed bug the offices of the Demo- that Sturgis and his friends cratie National Committee. had hijacked the-boat. Contend i lig Stureis By that time, Stureis bad would be the most likely of already had his American the five to flee, the proseeu- citi7enship revoked (for tOr auccessfully areued for a second time vriiiay that serving in a foreign armv, the ?17-Year-old soldier of for- Castro's), then restored tune be denied a reduction (with help from then Florida in the ..,Fi0,000 bond that has George Smithers), had kept him inside Hie District been Brrested for making a of Columbia jail since Setur- nropeeanda leaflet raid ?vei- ? l-la-vane with his old friend, day, D At the time of his arrest, iaz Lanz, and had acquired Sturgis was carryingthe reputation. of being a bir th certificate, two drieerie le something of an irrespon- CC115-eS and a. social security sible adventurer among Cuban exile leaders in card?all in the name of ward Joseph Hamilton. Miami. Since 1e5.1., when he disap- Miguel Acoca. a Washing- peeeed on a hunting trip in ton Post. special correspon- the .DiSrred S\Viiinp of North dant who said he enew stiff. %..) I in I I I NI I I- In 1952, when his mother (said to be a cripple in news- paper reports) married Ralph Sturgis, Fiorini changed his name to Stur- ? gi s. His two-month disappear-. once on that hunting trip in 1954 ended when Sturgis STATINTL turned up in San Diego. He told police he remembered little about the interval ex- cept that it had been "too late" for hunting, so he went to a movie in Elizebeili City, instead. Following the movie, Sturgis said, he was mugged and beaten by four men. By the time he showed up in Cuba in 1953 (he became interested in the revolution when he attended a pro-Cas- tro rally doting his Miami honeymoo? a year ciirlier) Sturgis was usine, the naine l'iorini agoin. In a let ter wde- lined, "High in flue moun- tains" ot Cuba he wrote: Pollowhw the march of Castro's rebels into Havana, Sturgis-claims that the new premier made him co ersear of gambling in that city. Some exiles say the claim is true, others say Sturgis was simply posted at one of the casinos as a bouncer. ; TA.. 1.1r c1111, Approved For ReleaseNitiMitibirtIA-RDP80-016 24 JUN 1972 STATI NTL +.J f t LRaid OP 11 1:('''''''/Orv-re'S HOO 'Ad noo 1-1 From Lank, .Hcarin. Is Told By AGIS SAL?Uh:i!..S I 'McCord was released with the Nen Yc:k "res 1 provision that he not leave .the WASI-IING'i-ON, Jane 23 ?, Washington area and that he, Bernard L. Barlter, 0:1a of the report to the local bail agency! .. . five rnsm arre:tded in the ralu en: every day. ... I the 17;cn-roartnic headquarters! An otLcial for the Federl.:- last Sar_urdF.y, withdrew .Y.,(..,',- Communications Cemsnissionj 000 fro,t, a .:,.jar,-,i ban: on May F.3 id today that Mr. McCord had I 8, an AoFi:,:tant United Statc,:si been issued special temporarv! Attorney, Earl 3. S1 it satd; tadio licenses for transmitters; .today. The mon:-.:y inludec: on May 7 in connection with ;$ : security for the Repttblic.-tr. Na. 10,000 in ::160 hitls. I Mr. Silbert said at a hearirt: Lionel Committee hcadquarto.rc.! Ito determine if lu.til should be: The police said they found . !reduced for t.le, five men that two walkie-tall'i'f:s with Mr. !some of the S1C0 bills recov- :?,,..Coro then he and four other' ' 1,ered by the police at the Demo- men were arrested in the head_ Icratic headquarters and from' quarters of the Democratic Na- the rooms of the suspects had tional Committee Cu the sixth 'cane from the same bent:, the floor of the Watergate Hotel. IRenublie. National Bank of Sources close to the investi- gation said that three of the IHe sa:d that the SS9,C00 frequencies to - which the was deposited at the bank in vial:de-talkies v,,cre: tuned wei-c, the name of Barker Assoc. Inc.!!i'he frequencles assigned to Mr. on April 21 ir: the form of feur.mecord by the F.C.C. : checks drawn on the Fano? in-! The judge ai.so refused to ternacional, S.A. of 1,:le:.:ico change the S00,t00 hail bend City. I for Frank Sturgis, a hey figure Mr. Silbert did not disclose in the Bay of Pigs invasion and the source of the checks, which! Other anti-Castro movements. were for ..24.C.00, Si:3M?,f;:.:-.t2,-1 Mr. Silbert called Mr. Sturgis 000 and $18,603. I a "soldier of fortune? and said Joseph A. 'Rafferty Jr., thei that the police had found on attorney for Mr. Pr..-ker. said his possession a visa from the that his client had iniicatedi Mexican Government allow:tn.,: that the checks had been dc-pus- I him to visit the country iron! Red at the bank as part of a! Jan. 7 through April 6' of tub real estate trrmsact.en and that year. The visa was made out the money had rove: ted to him in the name of Edward Hamil- jwhen the de21 feii thisaun, - 1:ton, the alias Mr. Sturgis usec ' , Mr. Barker, one of the top. 'when he registered with seven !planners of the Bay of Pigs other men at the Watergate !invasion in 1961, has been. from May 26 through May 29. workhig as a real estate sales--I The Federal Bureau of Inves? mart in Miami and is the presi- :tigaticn .is seeking four othei dent or Barker Associates, Inc., ;men who stayed at the Water. a small real estate company Igate. Cuban sources said that there. I two of the men might be con- Mr. Silbert argued at the Su-: inected to a group of Cuban perior Court nearing before! !veterans of the Bay of Pigs in- Judge james A. Pelson that Mr.! ,-vasion who have met in Miami Barker's bail should net be: with American friends from reduced because someone han-1 ! i?,,,,t, ..,..d .? ,, , ;? , !Was u.. on c,,, ave,_.(1 0.1 ci- (fling such large amounts of' roct action to combat what they money : might try to leave thei Iviewed ! as left-wing causes in country. I !the United States. Judge Belson agreed, saying! I Jack Anderson, the nationally', i that "a man with ;;;SD,000 is a: syndicated columnist who ap-. very mobile person." He post-1 !pcared in court to. vouch for: poned a ruling on the request! !yin . Sturgis, said that Mrd to case bail until Monday, when: Sturgis toid him he had joihcd, he vants Mr. Rafferty CO pre-1 :\1.1.. Barker to aid Cuban exiles, sent affidavits from the bank, Iin the United States. showing whether the money i : Mr. Anderson, who said he: was part of a: real ,estatei was a long-time acquaintance! J !transaction. The judge did accept a cash ! ' . of Mr. Sturgis, recalled that he: had seen Mr. Sturgis at the Na-1 13'?AiRrArlet'i. .PAACI?Jtc.iRa.61k- 4"40#14- 110AP.r. "i4 1Jam 13 A-ApP80-01601R000500050001-4 curity official for the Repubh-: can National Gornr-ittee. Mr. STATI NTL Approved For Ragiac-266+1634WreTA-RDP80-01 2 3 JUN 1972 Political Espionage ONE of the more improbable events of this year's surprise-packed presidential election extravaganza was the seizure at gunpoint last Saturday of five men, caught red-bander and red-faced while attempting to bug the Washington headquarters of the Democratic National Committee and rifle its files. They were a curious bunch of bunglers indeed. Their backgrounds included various involvements either with the Central Intelligence Agency, anti- Castro activities, or both. One of them was a former White House consultant on "intelligence" and "the flow of narcotics," subsequently employed as a writer by a Washington public relations firm. Top officials of the Republican Party immedi- ately disclaimed any connection with the aborted caper, and it is not difficult to believe them. Only a real pinhead could have plotted such a comic opera stunt, in which the risks of exposure always far out- weighed any dubious possible rewards. But the fact is that the attempt was made, and made with highly sophisticated electronic, burglary and photographic equipment ? the last apparently intended to copy contents of file drawers which had been opened. The charge of "political espionage" hurled by Deniocratic National Chairman Lawrence O'Brien thus seems hardly extravagant. It is possible the intruders were working on some crackpot scheme of their own. In that case the puzzling question is what they hoped to accomplish. It is also possible they were tools in a really sinister if ill-conceived political plot. In that case the ques- tion is who is really guilty. In either case the integrity of the American political process has been smeared by a cowardly and ugly act. A full investigation and full disclosure of all the facts is imperative, no matter what those facts may reveal and no matter who may become implicated. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001=4 Approved For Release 24111/03/110.: CIA-RDP80- 2 3 JUN 1972 9r15 _ Get the habsis!. Where is CIA man Charles W. Colson. President Nixon's special adviser? Who in the White House has put this former top- / flight CIA official in a protective deep-freeze? He is the No. 1 man wanted to answer questions about the bugging raid on Democratic Party headquarters last Saturday. It was Colson who recommended E. Howard Hunt. Jr.. to be a White House consultant: Hunt personally headed the 1961 Bay of Pigs operation against Cuba. There are damaging questions to answer about the White House links to the five men arrested. especially to one James W. McCord. McCord. arrested at gunpoint in the dead of night last Saturday, has been "security spec- ialist" for the GOP National Committee and for the Com- mittee to Reelect the President. Hunt is said to have met secretly with McCord in Miami a few weeks ago. . The case has become even more serious with discov- ery that the culprits had firebombs and bomb-making devices with them. The White House; hs called it "a third rate burglary effort" in its arrogant effort to bluff its way out. - ? The country must learn the. facts the White House is desperately trying to conceal. Is some giant diversion being cooked up in this pre-election period? Get to the bottom of it! Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 V2,7 YOPK Approved For Release2210110S142 : CyriFirTEI-01 - Cuban Veterans Group Linked To Raid on Democratic Office By TAD special to The WASHINGTON, June 22? An organization made up of Cuban veterans who served in the United States Army after participating in the Bay of Pigs Invasion in 1961 was reported by Cuban sources today to have. been involved in last Saturday's raid on the Democratic Na- tional Committee headquarters. The organization, believed to be composed of scores of $00 Cubans trained at Fort Jack- son, S. C., in 1933, is knowni by its Spanish name of Ex-Com- batientes Cubanos de Fort Jackson. According to Cuban sources, 'a number of the veterans, en- listing the aid of other Cuban refugees, met several times in Miami with American friends from Washington and agreed on direct action to combat SZULC New York Times Among other developments in the case today were the following: ,KPresident Nixon said at a news conference that the White House had "no involvement whateoever" in the incident at the Democratic headquarters. Some Democratic leaders had charged that "all the lines" in this affair pointed to the White House because E. Howard Hunt Jr., a former ranking Centre, . Intelligence Agenby official 1, whose name has been linked to the raiders, served until last :March as a part-time White House consultant. But Mr. Nixon said that this kind of action had no place in the electoral or government !process, and that "the matter is under investigationY I !police and the F.11.1." . ' CMr. Hunt, who has been tin- reachable since last Sunday, !telephoned his present employ- er?Robert F. Bennett, presi- dent ! of the Washington public !relations firm of Robert R. Mullen Company?last night to say that he was leaving his suburban Maryland home be- cause of the "impact" the pub- licity in the case was having on his children. Mr. Bennett said that Mr. Hunt did not tell him where he was going or for how long. M. . Bennett said that Mr. Hunt was informed that the Mullen com- pany had suspended him from his job. The District of Columbia Su- perior Court reduced the bail of the five jailed suspects by $10,- 000 each. Four of the five were allowed by Judge James A. Belson to post 10 percent of the bail as bond v;i1-! the court. None of them were released today, however, because Judge Belson also ruled that the sus- pects must appear before him in court to explain! the sources of the bond money. Bail ws reduced from $50,000 to S40,000 for 13e d L. E k er, a wealthy Cuban-born Miami realtor, and Frank Stur- gis, an American with past in- ' volvements in Cuba. It remained at $50,000 for Eugenio R. Martinez, a notary er be worked as reported by the police, for a Miami lock- smith company. The bail was kept at $30,000 for James . McCord, formerly associated with the Central In- telligence Agency and until last Monday the security chief for the Republican National Com- mittee and the Committee to Re-Elect the President. The judge also ordered all five, after their release, to re- main within the District of Co- lumbia area and to report at frequent intervals to the Dis- trict's bonding agency. An Assistant United States ie Attorney, Earl J. Silbert, told Judge Belson in court that Fed- eral charges might soon be brought against the five. Thus far, they have been charged! only with burglary in the Dis- trict's jurisdiction. i ! Mr. Silbert said that Mr. Mc- Cord was a "poor risk" in terms, of remaining here after his I release because in the lastl two months he "traveled ex- tensively." tate Investment Fund, I,l S.A., incorporated, in Panama. ,Mr. Suarez said that Mr. I/ IP rker, or his wife, used the or reservations at the Water- gate for the group's arrival ithere from Miami last Friday. All the reservations were made under false names. . The prosecutor also told the court that four of th five al- leged raiders refused yesterday, to answer questions put to them by the FBI agents. According to other sources, Mr. Hunt, the former White' iHouse consultant, also refused ;to answer F.B.I. questions earli- er this week. The Combatientes organiza- tion was formed by former of- ficers and Men of the Cuban contingent that had served at Fort Jackson . and elsewhere with the United States Army. Link to Reserve Unit Cuban sources said that a number of these veterans banded together in the Corn- batientes organization, which for a time had a small office what they viewed as left-wing causes in the United States. The group and its associates are said by Cuban sources in Miami to have had a role in four incidents here since then, beginning in early May. But it is not known whether the Corn- batientes decided alone on spe- cific actions or in response to 'requests by others. ' The Miami sources said that ,Angel Ferrer, president of the Combatientes, and Humberto Lopes, a member, were in .Washington, staying at the .Watergate Hotel, at the time of the alleged attempt to install secret listening devices at the IDemocratic headquarters, which is in the office building adjoin- ing the hotel. They were also said to have visited here previously. Eight :persons from Miami were regis- !tered at the hotel under: false 'names and four of them were arrested when the police foiled the break-in. The fifth arrested man was from the Washington area. Cuban sources said that two of those detained were or hadI been members of the Corn-. -batientes. Mr. Ferrer and Mr. Lopes could not be found in Miami today. Four persons are being sought for questioning by the Federal Bureau o gation and the Wiobrifa police. i He said that Mr. McCord, on in Miami. They said that Mr. Hunt and Mr. McCord main- his last trip to -Miami, . about tamed loose contacts with the two weeks ao, rented two dif- group over the years. ferent apartments. These sources also reported Cuban sources reported car- that some contact existed be- lier that both Mr. McCord and tween the Cubans and a spe- Mr. Hunt had made' several cial Washington-based United trips to Miami since late March, States Military Reserve unit apparently to meet with Mr. preparing and updating plans Barker and his Cuban political for the wartime information associates. security program. Mr. Bennett of the- Mulleni The 16-man unit, which is company said that Mr. Hunt!allegedly also concerned with had made at least one trip to;radicals in the United States,- Miami this spring. ioperates under the Office of Mr. Fie nt was the princi Plaier _mergency Plans and Prepare,cl C.I.A. official in charge of t : Bay of Pigs invasion, using th ness which is a part of the , ?T" mr. Executive office of the Presi- code name cluardp. Barker, then known eaes. dent. "Macho," was closely associ- Mr. McCord, a former Air ated with him in the invasion longed to this unit until several Force lieutenant -colonel, be- preparations, as was Mr. Mc- Cord. months ago. Bank Records Studied James H. Landis, a retired Army colonel who heads the unit, refused to comment today when he was asked by a re- porter whether he knew Mr. Hunt or ever head of him be- fore this week. The i . F.B.I. investigation in 'Miami spread today to a local bank where records were sub- poenaed because of suspicion ome o $100 bills, to- taling $5,300, f ound on the raiders and in their hotel moths had come from there. It was Mr. Barker, according to his business partner, who made the arrangements to book the rooms at the Watergate: for nine persons. Miguel R. Suarez, a Miami lawyer, said that sometime last month Mr. Barker obtained from his office letterheads of, Ameritas, Inc., a corporationl set up in April, 1969, to put upl an apartment building in Hia-I leah, Fla. Mr. Barker is associated with Mr. Suarez...wha_ F124044ithOlAtataidA 601 R000500050001 -4. .owned subsidiary of the latter'si public and an employe of Mr. Marker, and Virgilio R. Gon- zales, a locksmith. Cuban sources said that these two men appeared to have had links with the combatants. Judge Belson reserved his de- fhVrAtOck-?gROtIt t could be ascertained wheth- Post Approved For Release al:/pliQ3/04'Z CIA-RDP80-01601 By Peter Jay And Kirk Scharfenberg Washington Post Staff Wrttets 7'IMAMI, June 22?Por lhliami's exile community, last Saturday's unsuccessful effort to .bug the Washington officea of the Democratic National Committee seemed to have ev- erything: conspiracy, Cuban agents and the CIA. alt 'had all the elements of what one intelligence veteran cal,led "this subsurface bust- ness",?CJA involvement with Cii,ban affairs?and interest was. heightened by vague re- ports of Cuban-led disruptions of :this summers two national political conventions across the.hay at Miami Beach The local rumor mills are still turning out new theories about the bugging, while lead- ers of militant anti-Castro groups continue to seek to dis- sociate, themselves from Ber- need.:L Barker, Virgilio Gon- zales and Eugenio R. Martinez ?the. three Cubans among the f(ve men arrested in the Dem- ocrats' Watergate headquar- ters. Two main theories about the bugging attempt seem to be emerging here, neither of them based on anything more than the reputations of the Men involved, a Latin pen- chant for conspiracies and a bit Of guesswork. ? One Is that the three?along with their American compan- ions, former Central Intelli- gence Agency man James W. McCord Jr. end Frank A. Stun gis?were free-lance adventur- ers who hoped to sell their sto. len intelligence to the highest bidder. Not surprisingly, the other theory is that the five were sent on their mission by high- ranking Republicans. "Isn't it too bad they got caught?it's so embarrassing," Cuban member of the Amer- ican Club?a business organi- zation here with a substantial and conservative Latin mem- bership?told a friend the bther day. 9 Ciop 6 0 I P. I IIN I L 7,7 /30 9 ei el 7 7 J Lib STATI NTL tered pins denoting Al2lea 6.61 Dade County's population?, chapters in other cities. If it r are active in organized anti- had ben ordered by the !: Castro activity, but anti-corn. White House, it would have muntsm is widely professed, been done better." 1 Many of this area's 28 Span- Medina said he letieye 7--,(eth-: ish-language weekly newspa- ing of .ameritas, aMi_eni. ?lee pers have called for counter- eanization to which \', -'''?'Ing. demonstrations against youth- ton police said the V. a (::"at.e', ful protesters expected at the Five belonged, or of Irca.ear?dy national political conventions.. E. Hunt Jr., a novelist. rieinelz According te one Cuban jour- White House consultaat . and :nalist, one such paper said the longtime CIA operative weir,se 'I protesters are "dirty hippies"! name was found in tae 5U5- who should be sent packing. pects' notebooks, and -ho r.,las By and large, the Cuban , -a --aa':! community is relatively pros-1 since dropped from ei 2 i (Ameritas was identified ,c 1 - es." )erous?with the median ! icrday as a c?rPc'r.ati" Pr' rliousehold income over $8,000 moting and developing real es- 1 'la veer, according to census fig- late projects for a Panarnanian iir'es, contrasted with under company.) He said he knew Gonzales and Martinez slightly by repu- tation, but knew nothing of Barker. Tomas Cruz, the head of another, larger anti-Castro group, also denicd knowina parker?although by the ac- count of Cuban journalists and other sources, Barker was well known throughout the anti-Castro movement here for his role in helping run the abortive Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961. Ever since the Bay of Pigs, Cubans in Miami have tended :V to see CIA involvement every- where, observers of the com- munity here say. "The CIA's been out of business here for at least five years," one knowl- edgable Cuban source said, "but no one will believe that." Here are two accounts: "Obviously it's a CIA job," said one Cuban broadcast journalist. "Look at those $100 (bills) the police found on' those five guys. I remember when CIA front groups used to buy time on our station and always paid in consecu- tively numbered $100 bills. One group's bills would follow another's. See?" "A friend of mine was just paid $700 to disrupt the Demo- cratic Convention," another source said. "The man who hi aid he worked 1$6,000 for black families here and $9,200 for the area as. a whole. According to some observ- ers of the Cuban scene here, the paramount political con- cerns among exiles are domes- tic?crime and wages?rather than foreign questions such as American policy toward Cuba; and the overthrow of Castro: that now appears unlikely. . ' paid it to m s Diego Medina; a physician 1 for the CIA. My friend tooka who heads Alpha 66, one of the money and went to Puerto Miami's main anti-Castrol,Rico." groups, subscribes . to the On such accounts are local theory that the Watergate sus- legends built. "It was so badly done, so ' Only a fraction of the Miami pects were free-lancers. area's 300,000 Spanish-speak- amateurish," he akiedeasitting in.e.?ealeete_emere_thiniae . his office beneP8PriaMeet Wrenplig404040135. . r ), 04 : CIA-RDP80-01601R0005000500014 the United .States with scat- who make up a quarter of Approved For Releas62061;f0/047:ACIA-RDP80-0 23 JUN 1972 By MERWIN IC SIGALE ? Star Slat' Writer MIAMI?The FBI's Miami office, investigating the bung- led break-in at Democratic National Committee head- quarters in Washington, is looking into Ameritas, Inc., a real estate venture founded with visions of financial glory. Ameritias entered the al- ready confused picture when authorities in Washington dis- 'closed that the firm's station- ary had been used in making reservations at the Watergate -Hotel for four of the five ar- rested men and four others whose identities have not been uncovered. All used false nam. ? It turns out that Ameritas is linked to a parent offshore mutual fund that never , got off the ground, and both are headed by Miguel A. Suarez, a businesss associate of Miami realtor Bernard L. Barker, who is one of the five sus- pects. FBI Called Him Suarez confirmed that Bark- er has helped him promote a condominium project for Ameritas in the Miami area. The FBI's interest was dis- closed by William Alexander of North Miami Beach, a for- mer president of Ameritas. He said in an interview that FBI agents had called and asked to see him. Agents G [1 i i 1 j I.1 Iii Agents talked previously with Suarez after he had revealed his association with Barker in several condominium pro- jects. Alexander, . a 4i-year-old test pilot for Eastern Airlines, said that he "verbally re- signed" as president of Am- ertas more than two years ago and that the corporation has since been run by Suarez, a Miami lawyer and dabbler in state and local Republican politics. It appeared that the FBI's desire to question Alexander stemmed from an effort to contact everyone who might have knowledge of the sus- pects. Alexander said, howev- ? er, that he had never heard of any of them except Frank Fiorini, also known as Frank Sturgis, whom he knew only by reputation. "Without My Authority" Suarez issued a statement in which he said that Ameritas "is not a mysterious right- wing anti-Castro organization" but a Florida real estate cor- poration. . If the Ameritas name or sta- tionery were used at the Wa- tergate, he said, "it was with- out my authority, consent or knowledge." The New York Times quoted Suarez as saying that Barker obtained Ameritas stationery n r, 7-?-? r,zjL\; k.leradal Li LI at Suarez' office and that Bar- Service did it until massive her or his wife used it in writ- redemptions by shareholders big for reservations at the W a- tergate for last Friday. The Democratic office, in a build- ing adjoining the hotel, was raided early Saturday. Alter early speculation that Ameritas might be a Cuban exile organization, ? a check with the Florida secretary of state's office revealed that it was a real estate development firm incorporated April 9, 1939, with Alexander as presi- dent and Suarez as vice presi- dent. Alberto Carricarte, Suarez' law partner, was listed as sec- retary and Hector de Lara, an accountant, as treasurer. Bay of Pigs Pilot According to Alexander, a Cuban-born naturalized Amer- ican who piloted supplies to the Bay of Pigs beachhead in 1961, Ameritas was formed to carry out construction pro- jects for All State Investment Fund, S.A. This was confirmed by Snares. Alexander said that All State, established by Suarez in Panama where it could en- joy tax exemptions, was to fi- nance the ambitious venture by selling shares throughout Latin America?much theWay Keith Barish's Gramco Inter- national and Bernard Corn- feld's Investors Overse rocked their financial empires in 1970. "The only reason we didn't start was that we didn't have money," said Alex ande r. "Then Gramco had troubles and we forgot about it." He said the outlook seemed bleak because All State intended to "sell the same idea in a differ- ent way." Conceived by Suarez Alexander said that Suarez, ?'.'horn he described as still a friend, conceived the idea of All State and Ameritas. Had they envisioned All State be- coming as big as Gramco or IOS? "As big? Maybe big- ger!" Alexander said. Literature prepared under the name of All State shows some of the projects that Ameritas anticipated building in the United States and Latin America ?hospitals, nursing homes, condominium apart- ments, "boatels," and airport hotels integrated with general ' aviation facilities. Each All State descriptive page included the notation, "This construction project was prepared by Ameritas, Inc." One project so advertised and actually completed was Tel-- Aviv Tower, condominium apartments in Miami Beach. However, Alexander said that Suarez built and sold the build-, ing.. on his own, not throtigh Arneritas. Describing Barker's role in Ameritas, Suarez said the firm Is "negotiating a real estate condominium development in Dade County, which Barker Associates, Inc. and I have been promoting since early May, 1972." Barker Associates is the name of Barker's realty firm. Suarez and Barker also are associated in Biarritz Tower, a 27-unit condominium in Miami Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP8O-01 6Oaa iSO int.he ? Biarritz enterprise is Jose Garciga, Suarez' cousin. STATI NTL Approved For Release 200.1I0304LICEIA-RDP80-01601 22 JUN 1972 Bugging Is No Joke - White House spokesman Ronald Ziegler's flip dismissal of the attempted bugging of Democratic party national headquarters is in keeping with the Nixon Adminis- tration's casual attitude toward the issue of electronic -surveillance. The. abortive espionage, Mr. Ziegler would have us understand, is nothing more than a "third-rate burglary" unworthy of comment. The press secretary's assessment stands in ironic juxta- position to the recent unanimous Supreme Court decision declaring domestic wiretapping by the Government with- out prior court approval unconstitutional. Because the very viability of an open society rests on the legal protection of freely exchanged ideas, any indiscriminate attempt to intrude on the privacy of law-abiding citizens by electronic means has sinister implications and requires investigation. This is particularly true in light of the prior affiliations of those arrested. All five men have had C.I.A. connec- tions and one is employed by President Nixon's re-election committee as a security coordinator: Another individual, E. Howard Hunt, whose name is listed in the address books of two of those apprehended, has been a consultant to a White House special counsel. The President's campaign manager, former Attorney 'General John Mitchell, denies foreknowledge of the raid, and any evidence linking the Republican party to the incident is at this point circumstantial. The Democratic National Committee's suit against the Committee to Re-elect the President rings of election-year partisanship ead hvoerbole. The auestion remains, however, by whom anti for what purpose the budging was ordered. mr. s refusal to make himself available for queF.- i:Con;ftg, and the Republican Natkmal Committee's internal memo ordering those on the payroll to be silent, serve only to fuel speculation about the direction and motives 1 of the act. A thorough Federal investigation is in the best interest of both political parties and the nation as a whole._ Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 Approved For Release 2001/03/04 : CIA-RDP80-016 TRE.NTON, N. J. TIMES E - 81,855 TIMES-ADVERTISER STATINTL S - 102,422 AJNI 221972 - ? 1 Who would want to eavesdrop on the operations of the Derozratic National Coalwittee, going so far as to lire some CIA types to do a.- ' the dirty work? Surely not John Mitchell, the 1 President's campaign manager, whose assertion as attorney gener- al of the right to wiretap domestic dissidents without court approval has just been unanimously over- turned by Supreme Court justices, ' including those he picked himself. Certainly not "Tricky Dick" ,himself, who understands the need to keep political secrets, especially the identity of those who have contributed $10 million to his cam- paign fund. IMaybe it was Hubert Hum- Lots Of Suspects phrey, trying to find out if he's, still on the committee's mailing list. Or Lawrence O'Brien, the na- tional chairman, who sees in a $1 million wiretap suit against. the .Committee to Re--elect the Presi- dent a chance to redistribute in- come from rich Republicans to poor Democrats. Perhaps it was a follower of the late Will Rogers,. wondering if there's an organized political party there after all. Or it might have been Joe McGinnis, preparing a -sequel to his 1963 success to be titled "The Bugging of the President." Who knows? Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 Four In Approved For Release 2909M4N: DI$tie-RDP 22 JUN 1972 More Sight Wiretap Case By William L. Claiborne and Alfred E. Lewis Washington Post Staff Writer _Metropolitan police said the campaign headquarters they and the FBI were looking break-in Saturday right. last night for four more per- Police Insp. Ernest J. Prete, sons in connection with the apparent attempted wiretap- ping Saturday at the Demo- cratic National Committee headquarters here. who is coordinating the local investigation of the break-in challenged published reports yesterday that the motive was to remove electronic listening devices rather than to install them. Prete spoke to reporters The four men, all of whom after meeting for 11,Z hours were registered, at the Water- with commanding officers of gate Hotel from May 26-29, the police burglary squad and the second police district. "To say that they were de- bugging is strictly conjecture ... It's anyone's identified themselves on hotel registration 'forms as members of an organization . called Ameretas. Police sources de- scribed Ameretas as a right guess what they were doing," wing, anti-Castro Cuban exile Prete said. organization in Miami, but The Washington Post, in Varying Probe ??? checks since Saturday with Prete emphasized that the right-wing and Cuban groups, metropolitan police depart- has found no evidence of its ment is investigating only the existence. burglary in the Watergate, while the FBI is concerning it- Police refused to diVulge the names of the four new sus- pects, but said that two listed their homes as New York City. one said he was from Kansas and the fourth identified him- self as a resident of Miami. One of the four men, police said, had a Spanish surname. The suspects were regis- tered at the same time as five other men, including the se- curity chief of the Committee t Police yesterday also dis- o for the Re-election of the Pres- on the fact that a private secu- ident, all of whom were ar- ritY guard discovered taped closed the seizure of several rested Saturday in the sixth- door locks in the suite 20 min. items Saturday night that* al- floor Watergate offices of the utes before police arrived at legedly belonged to the sus- Democratic Party. the scene and made the ar- At the time of ,the arrests, rests. police seized electronic sur- , In other developments -yes- veillance devices and cameras terday, the manager of the normally used for copying doe- Watergate Hotel said that he uments. _ did not know why his name ? and telephone number were STATINTL hotel and these were regis- tered guests." Neal said he does not nor- , mally handle reservations for the hotel, but often solves re- servations problems. He said, "This is the only reason I can think why my name would,be there." ; Cautioned to Silence I!: When asked further about , the inclusion of his name in i the suspects' papers, Neal said, "I have a very good idea I why, but I have been asked lby federal authorities not to speak on this question." self with possible violation of civil rights and the interstate aspects of he incident. Police sources said that there was evidence that the persons who broke into the Democratic offices were inside the suite of rooms for at least 20 minutes before they were , In response to further! 'questioning, Neal said. "You! weren't listening to -what I just said. I've been asked by federal authorities not to speak on this question." It was also learned yester- day that one of the two pri- vates security guards on duty at the Watergate office build- ing Saturday night has been summoned for disciplinary ac- tion by his employer. The guard, whom police and officials of the General Serv- ices, Inc., refused to identify, left his post shortly before the breakin, saying he was ill, it was learned. Major Ira O'Neal, of the se- curity firm, said the guard would face company discipli- nary action. However, Frank Wills, the $80-a-week security guard who discovered the breakin, has been promoted to corporal and has received a 5 per cent arrested. salary increase, according to They based this information O'Neal. pects. These included: A letter to Eugenio R. Mar- tinez, a Miami real estate salesman and one of those ar- rested, reportedly from the Bay of Pigs Veterans Associa- Four of the five men listed in an address book con- ,tion, soliciting $4 in dues; sev- charged with felonious bur- eral street maps of Washing- tion of the sus- glary and attempted intercep-' I t d from ton and Roanoke, Va.; a page, pects arrested Saturday. tion of electronic messages torn from the travel 'section of were registered at the Water- Carlo Neal's name and phone gate under ficticious names, number were found in an the Miami News, and a page police said. Each had listed address book and on. a sep- torn from the Washington tel- himself as being affiliated al-ate piece of paper among ephone directory, listing the with an organization called the suspects' belongings. When tional Caddress of the Democraitc ommittee. Na- Ameretas. , asked why his name should - ? Police also were investigat- be there, he said: ing reports last night that a "My name? It's news to mer woman stayed at the Water- said Neal, adding, "I can guess gate in May with men who have bem A? NEIXIlii*C21/ 003/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 e e t or arrested in connection with Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80- TA IL ? wools iiisee DECATUR, ILL. HERALD LI ? 35,332 HERALD?REVIEW S ? 55,924 ?JUN 2 2 1972 ar Da We Go With Slica ? : DEMOCRATS understandably are trying to take partisan ad- vantage of the bungled attempt to break into and "bug" their national headquarters. There are some comic overtones to the whole affair, particularly the possible in- volvement in the scheme of the retired CIA official who was in charge Pigs operation in 1961. Aside from the "Gang That Couldn't Shoot Straight" aspects of the incident, however, there are some more serious issues involved. Most important are the possi- ble abuses of the legalized wiretapping that Congress and the U.S. Supreme Court have authorized. For any administration 'in power, any bureaucrat or any campaign worker the temptation is great to stretch legalized wiretapping in the name of na- tional security to the point of ? - indulging electronic eavesdrop- ping, whether court authorized or not, to suspected "radicals. ' From there it is but a short step to illegal snooping on more con- ventional political enemies, such as the national political party opposed by some "true believer" or an unscrupulous political hack whose cynicism ignores legal bounds. Vigorously conducted political campaigns are one thing; resort to electronic snooping with all its overtones of providing material for potential blackmail is something else. Political espionage by those working in campaigns, of cc/arse, is hardly so rare as the Democratic national chairman suggested in his statement an- nouncing a suit against a Nixon campaign organization. And the Democratic chairman has yet to prove in court the kind of direct link to the White House he alleged in that state- ment, a statement that at times 'bordered on the same kind of disregard for civil liberties that the aborted eledunic Fnooping effort evidenced. The point is not that one or the other of the political parties is evil. The point is that as a nation 1 and as a people we had better reassess the degree to which we wish to see "snooping" pervade our private lives and our public life as well as how far we want to have the end justify any means ? legal or not ? in our political campaigns. . Those issues are age ? old ones, but ones that have great relevaney in the. Twentieth Century, where . totalitarian systems with all their dossiers, and secret police and perpetual, pervasive snooping have made a; mockery of freedom for millions; of people. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 Approved For Release 3kgrbIA-RDP8 O'Brien's break-in suit names Ni Xff El backers ny WALTER R. GORDON Washington Bureau of The Sun Washington?The expanding agencies in Washington and Mi- controversy over an attempt to ami and assorted other agents bug and burglarize Democratic in Miami, all taking a piece of party headquarters here took a the action. new twist yesterday as Law- A spokesman for the Justice rence F. O'Brien, the Demo- Department said the "leading role" in the case is being played by Harold H. Titus, Jr., U.S. attorney here. Mr. Titus has put his principal assistant, Earl J. Silbert, in charge of the probe. Evidence gathered by investi- gators will be presented to a federal grand jury here, The five defendants, one from Rockville, Mcl., and four from Miami, are being held in jail here on charges of second-de- gree burglary and interfering with federal communications. John Wilson, a Justice De- ed for the burglary to the Nix partment public information of- on re-election committee, the ficer, said the FBI role in the Republican National Commit. case is based on possible in- tee, local Republican organiza. volvement of a section of Title tions in Montgomery county 3 of the 1968 Omnibus Crime and Miami, and even to the Control and Safe Streets Act White House itself, that prohibits 'unauthorized There were ac:ditional signs electronic surveillance. yesterday that up to nine men The law, Mr. Wilson said, may have been involved, that also prohibits "endeavors" at they may have been planning wiretapping and makes it ille- the burglary for at leapt a gal to possess certain types of month and that they may have electronic equipment. been successful in planting One of the innumerable unan- some electronic devices. swered questions is why the Yesterday afternoon, FBI! five defendants have not posted agents showed Democratic staff j bail, which was set at $30.000 members pictures of visitors to for the Rockville man and the party headquarters. The investigation is taking on j all the aspects of a first-raidj mystery as large numbers ofj local and federal agents pursue' the probe in Miami and Wash- ington. And the cloak-and-dagger as- pect of the tale is not lessened by the fact that the principal cratic national chairman, named the Nixon campaign ce- ganization as a defendant in a $1 million invasion-of-privacy suit. "As far aJ I am concerned," Mr. O'Brien said at a press conference, "there is a clear line of direction to the Commit- tee for the Re-election of the President and a developing clear line to the. White House." Possibly nine men A succession of disclosures has linked the five men arrest- characters were initially re- cruited by the Eisenhower ad- ministration to organize the abortive Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba. A number of those with direct or indirect links to the case were employed by the Central Intelligence Agency. 11.1. , The number of investigating\ tioned whether the kind of files! and makes plans for censorship Mitchell, the President's cam- agencies is continuing to prolif- lmentioned by Mr. O'Brien should a world war break out. \ .paign director, denounced it as crate, with the Justice Depart- 1 would be worth the "astonish- He is reported to have --- . - ment, the FBI, the District oil ingly large risk" involved in worked for Republicans in local '"sheer demagoguery" and a that the raid had been or by someone in the White House, the re-election committee or the Republican party; that an "ov- erzealous underling" organized the raid without authorization, or that some Democrat had Some reports depict Mr. staged the raid to embarrass McCord as the leader of the the Republicans. five men arrested at the Demo- None of the three theories, cratic headquarters in the Wat- however, has won many after- ergate office building early Sat- up with a more plausiable ver- make securi y preparations for the Republican National Con- vention. The same hotels visit- ed by Mr. McCord will he used by the Democratic National Convention five weeks earlier. sion. With the facts still unclear, the issue appears to be moving simultaneously into the political and legal arenas, both of which were detectable in Mr. O'Brien's press conference yes- terday. Ile said he is asking for $100,000 in compensatory dam- Bay of Pigs participant But others believe the leader to be Bernard L. Barker, a partner in a Miami real estate agency. An American of Cuban birth, he is described as an important participant in the Bay of Pigs invasion. One report said he STATI NTL was the top aide to Bender, the / ages and. $0a0,000 in punitive 1 alias used by the CIA agent / damages. , who ran the clandestine opera- The civil suit, filed yesterday ' tion. . in federal district court here, Mr. Barker's partner in the, names as defendants the re- real estate agency ran unsuc- election committee, the five ar- cessfully for mayor of Miami rested men and McCord Asso- as a Republican, and he is said ciates. Inc.. a Rockville securi- to have been the liaison man ty company operated by one of between the Cuban community those arrested, and former Republican Gov. Without actually stating that Claude Kirk. the White House or the Nixon One of the defendants is re- campaign committee had or- puted to be wealthy and an- dered the raid, Mr. O'Brien other well off. suggested that they probably The bugging incident clearly had done so and charged the has Republicans worried and Republicans with "gutter poli- defensive. tics." . Turning away questions Although who ordered the raid and why remains a mys- At the White House, the Jus.- tery, there is a mounting N'01- tice Department, and the re- ume of evidence linking the election committee routine re- q ests for appointments and in- 5O,000 to the Republican party. f rmation have been pigeon- $50,000 for the Floridians. They ()led for hours or days while probably could win release by ; James W. McCord, Jr., a 53- public relations men concen- putting up only 10 per cent of year-old resident of Rockville, trate on the bugging incident. the full bond. was at the time. of the Saturday Ronald L. Ziegler, the White Mr. O'Brien said yesterday raid the top security official for House' d press secretary, contin- that the party headquarters both the Nixon re-election corn- ue yesterday to turn away does contain confidential files. mittee and the Republican Na- questions in an apparent effort He gave as examples communi- tional Committee. In addition, 1 to keep the President, as far cations with people around the his company was under con- j removed from the case as pos- country, plans for the fall cam- tract to the re-election commit-1 sible. paign and lists of key workers. But other Democratic sources tee. j "This is something the Presi- Until two years ago, he , dent will not get personally said the bulk of the confidential f the CIA. files were in the offices of the worked? involved in," he said yesterday A lieutenant colonel in the treasurer or in Mr. O'Brien's at a regular White house brief- Air Force reserves, he was un- personal office, and neither of ing for reporters. til recently a member of a them had been entered by the small top-secret military group He refused to comment on burglars. one source ques- that compiles lists of radicals the O'Brien suit, but John M. Columbia Police pioa,a61)stunt." 0 There were a e and the United IltOttlitor- 61;',:i4"6-T44k1g9qiu9 -4' t CPI Amont-4 his other recent activ- jPresident's Florida ome, Mr. ney's office, private security theories being bandied about: ' ities, he flew down to Miami to Ziegler had seemed to put pri- oonlei Itiq:214271.Sfr:2:7S Approved For Release2200M/114 : CIA-RD .1,11 .11 ? yf lb r? ?I ?:? = ? k '1%i,\ (7271? os !`J 14. 1 3 n F _ L BY JACK NELSON - Times Staff Writer WASHINGTON ? Howard E. Hunt Jr., a former cosuhant to pres- idential counsel Charles W. Colson, was sought for questioning Tuesday by FBI agents investigating the at- tempted bugging of Democratic Na- tional Committee offices here. The name and telephone number of Hunt, a former CIA official who reportedly was the CIA's director of the abortive Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in 1(.161. were found in the ad- dress books of two of five suspects arrested at gunpoint in the Demo- cratic offices at the- time of the bilg- ing. Hunt dropped from sight after refusing to discuss the incident. Robert Fe Bennett, president of a public relations company where Hunt is employed aS a writer, said Hunt left Washington for New York Monday after assuring him that he !was nowhere around" the Demo- cratic offices at the time of the bug- ging attempt.. Meantime. Democratic National Chairman Lawrence F. O'Brien filed a Si million damage suit against the committee to Reelect the.. President, the suspects in the case and others. O'Brien contended the break-in was an invasion of privacy and that. the Democrats' civil rights had been violated. He charged that the break- in bad a "clear line of direction" to the Committee to Reelect the. Pres. ident and that there was a "develop-- ing clear line to the White House." Former Atty. Gen. Jolm N. Mitch- ell, chairman of the Committee to Reelect the President, called the Democrats' lawsuit a political stunt, He said it "represents another exam- ple of sheer demagoguery on the part of Mr. O'Brien." : Bennett said that after -FBI agents questionert him about Hunt, he tried. without success to find him him in the office of a New York client Hunt had planned to N'iSit. Bennett said he left word in the of- fice for Hunt to return to his Washington office by this morning or be sus- pended from his public re- e lations job: ? Hunt joined the public relations company about two years ago, li4ine- as references Colson, P.'-g)/59v0 For rector Richard Helms and columnist William F. Buckley. The company is located on Pennsylvania ANT. across the street from the Executive -Office Building, where Hunt maintained an office as a parttime consultant to Colson. He held the con- sultant post for about a year, until last March. Cuban sources in Miami have been quoted as say- ing that Hunt met with one of the suspects arrest- ed in the case, Barnard L. Barker, about two weeks ago in Miarei Invasion Preparations Barker, a Florida real estate deale r. allegedly Avorkerhincier Hunt in the preparations for the ill-fat- ed Bay of Pigs invasion. Bennett confirmed that Hunt also was an acquaint- ance of- another of the suspects. Jamss W. Mc-) Cord, a former CIA official who served as security di- rector of the Committee to reelect the President and for the Republican Nation- al Committee. Both com- mittees deplored the bug- ging attempt and fired Mc- Cord. McCord was among those named in O'Brien's lawsuit. thS. Atty. Harold H. Ti- tus Jr. of the District of Columbia said the FBI and the police were coop- erating in an investigation of the "burglary and the attempted bugging of- fenses" and that a federal grand jury, would be con- vened to hear evidence. - Police have said that a sixth suspect may have participated in the bug- ging attempt aml managed to elude arresting officers. Bennett, who described Hunt as "quite interested" in Republican politics, said he would be shocked if he learned that the writ.- AAileYia6-461/814 ? Hunt, 53, served- with the CIA from 10-19.to 1970 developing and guiding media operations abroad and negotiating with se- nior officials of foreign countries. He ha s de- scribed himself as a senior, member of special task forces during two periods of national crises and as a participant in White House conferences on se- Cirrity matters. In Who's Who, Hunt listed 42 novels written under three pseudonyms --Robert Dietrich, John Baxter and Gordon Davis. Meanwhile. Republican National Committee offi- cials said they knew little about McCord's company ?McCord Associates, Inc. of Rockville, Md.?which the committee hired for security work. They said. they did not know the identity of other officers-of the company or of other clients. . Records in the Maryland secretary of state's office show that the company was not incorporated until Nov. 10, 1071 ? several weeks after it signed a contract with the commit- tee. Directors were listed as McCord and his wife and Dorthy N. Berry of Hous- ton. Mrs. Berry, an oil company employe, told a reporter she was Mr. Mc- Cord's sister but that she knew nothing of the corn- 1!)ny and that the-di-d-n-o-t- know she was listed as a director. Under Maryland law a company Must list three. directors when it is incor- porated. The company'.s corpor-. ate charter mentions noth- ing about security work :hCIALRD080c4046011R000500050001-4 purpose as "business ser?- ,icea, studies, analyses, re- ports in connection with STATINTL business, industry, acade- mic institutions." ? The company, which is not licensed to perform se- curity services ? as re- quired by law?failed to file its 1972 tax return with the secretary of state's office by the April 15 deadline. MIAMI, FLA. N 2 11974/P proved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP8 E - 93,538 FBI agents in Miami have fanned out in an "extensive investigation" into the back- ground and activities of the four Miamians who were 'among five men arrested in Washington, D.C., - and charged with breaking into the Democratic National Committee headquarters last weekend." Kenneth Whittaker, spe- cial agent in charge of the Miami FBI office, said: "We are conducting an extensive investigation and have inter- viewed many persons in Miami, including .members of the Miami Cuban colony. who at that time was the se- curity coordinator for the committee to re-elect Presi- dent Nixon. All five have figured in Cuban revolutionary activi- ties and at least three have had links with the CIA. , The names tvf athrter- son, E. Howard Hunt, a for- mer consultant to a high White House official, has also been injected into the mysterious caper. Hunt's name and home telephone number were written in ad- dress books carried by Marti- nez and Barker. Hunt reportedly .was sec- ond in command of the Cuban arm of the CIA which plotted the abortive Bay of Pigs invasion ? of Cuba in 1961. In Washington, a police in- ventory of items in the sus- pects' possession was, re- leased, and it raised the question of whether one or more of them might have been planning a trip abroad. Among the items was said to be Page 4D of the June 15 edition of The Miami News. An item on that page report- This is in cooperation with - the headqUarters office of the FBI in Washington. ? "That office is directing the investigation, of course, since the .alleged crime took place in that jurisdiction." Whittaker said no arrests have been made here. "What we are seeking to determine here in Miami is whether any federal law has been violated here and whether any con- spiracy exists," he said. Spanish-speaking FBI agents have been spreading through Miami's Little Ha- vana section, seeking infor- mation and interviewing friends and relatives of the four suspects who were ar- rested in Washington. ? The FBI has questioned Miguel (Mike) A. Suarez, a business associate of Bernard L. Barker. Barker was one of the men arrested in Washing- ton. 44.231i;u4 ? P'cl [ 1 'isa r ' cdly was circled, but which one was not revealed. A check of that edition in The, Miami News' file showed that the entire page in ques- tion Was half of a two-page Pan Am advertisement' offer- ing "a whole week in the Ba- hama.s for $94." If the circled item was on the opposite side of the sheet ? Page 3D ? it would have been an article on safe driv-r ing in Florida or one of eight travel ads, including cruises to Europe and the Caribbean, air travel to South America and Luxembourg and a "sun- and-fun break to Haiti." Max Lesnik, 'editor of the Spanish-language magazine Replica and newspaper of the same name, said he also was questioned by the FBI but .that the questioning was "very informal." There is no evidence to in- dicate that Lesnik or Suarez was invoked in the break-in. Other bMiatnians arrested in the Washington raid were Frank Fiorini, also known as, Frank Sturgis; Eugenio R. Martinez, and Virgilio R. Gonzales. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001--4 The fifth member of the ? group was James McCord, T.11-1Es' Approved For Release22pQr1/03v 21 : CIA-RDP Ex-G.O.P. Aide Rebuffs F.B.I. Queries on Break-In, By TAD SZULC Special to The New Teak Times ? WASHINGTON, June 20?E.I was that the break-in was Howard Hunt Jr., former part- not a well-financed operation time White House consultant, ,planned from "up high," be- has refused to answer ques- cause it was "bungled too ly to have been the case." bad- tions by the Federal Bureau Mr. Hunt, who worked at of Investigation in connection the White House in 1971 and with last Saturday's break-ii this year after retiring from a at the Democratic National top post with the Central In Committee offices here: telligence Agency, was said by ? Informed sources said that Cuban sources to have met about two weeks ago in Miami Mr. Hunt had been approached 'with Bernard L. Barker, a a number of times by F.B.I. 'wealthy realtor in that city, agents, but declined to answer 'who is suspected of directing their questions. the attempt to install secret The F.B.I. siabpoenaed some listening devices at the Demo- of the records of Washington's cratic headquarters. Mr. Barker Was an aide to Watergate Hotel, where four of Mr. Hunt during the abortive the five suspects stayed before Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba their arrest inside the Demo- in l961. Mr. Hunt's name and cratic offices early Saturday. home telephone number were Federal agents in Miami inter. found in address books in rogated several business and personal associates of the group's suspected leader. Meanwhile the Democratic party chairman, Lawrence F. O'Brien, announced this morn- ing a SI-million civil lawsuit against the Committee to Re- Although Mr. Hunt was, elect the President and the five reached by telephone at his suspects on grounds of invasion suburban Maryland home on of privacy and the violation of Sunday, subsequent attempts, civil rights of.the Democrats. to talk to him have been un- possession of Mr. Barker and Eugenio R. Martinez, another of the suspects; When the police arrested them at gunpoint in, the Democratic offices. Mr. Martinez is employed at Mr. Barker's Miami real estate com- pany. Attempts Unavailing Mr. O'Brien, speaking at a availing. news conference, described the break-in, which was ostensibly to plant listening devices, as a "blatant act of political espio- nage." John N. Mitchell, the former Attorney General who is now President Nixon's campaign di- rector, issued shortly thereafter a statement charging that the lawsuit "represents another ex- ample of sheer demagoguery on the part of Mr. O'Brien." a "I reiterate that this commit- tee did not authorize-and does not condone the alleged actions of the five men apprehended there," Mr. Mitchell said. "We deplore such activity." At the White House, Ronald L. Ziegler, the press secretary, told newsmen that Charles W. Colson, special 'counsel to the President on whose recommen- dation Mr. Hunt was hired as a consultant, has "assured me that he has in no way been in- volved in this matt Ar" Washing,ton po 1,e -utacialb Robert F. Bennett, president STATI NTL aarCoties,", but stressed that we don't know where Mr. Hunt has been because he has not been involved in a consulting capacity with the White House since March." Mr. Ziegler said that Presi- dent Nixon was not concerned about any allegation of the committing of a crime" and that "the appropriato investi- ;ations of that are taking ?lace." Senator Robert Dole of Kan- ;as, chairman of the Republi- can National Committee, denied? through a spokesman published reports in The New York Times, that he had sent a telegram: yesterday to his gommittee's members urging them to re-: train from discussing the break-in with outsiders. But the spokesman said that an inter-office memo was signed by Tom Wolck, the corn-: mittee's director of communi- cations, instructing his staff to refer all inquiries to him. The; memorandum Was addressed to Senator Dole. The Watergate Hotel man- agement said that the had "subpoenaed certain guest' records." Other informants said. that investigators hoped to de- termine, among other things, :who had paid the billS for the jsuspects' ro,eana... of the Robert R. Mullen Corn- reaa a! aaaaa,araasaaaa,--- pany, a Washington public re- lations concern employing Mr. Hunt as a full-time writer, said in an interview this afternoon ,that Mr. Hunt could not be :found. ! Mr. Bennett said that F.B.I. agents came to the offices of ,his company, at 1700 Pennsyl- vania Avenue, yesterday morn- ing looking for Mr. Hunt. Mr. Bennett said that he found a message from Mr. Hunt this morning saying he had gone to New York for the day in connection with a television project in which the company is engaged. But, Mr. Bennett ,said, he could not reach him there. "If he doesn't report to work here tomorrow morning, I'll suspend him from his job," Mr. Bennett said. Mr. Hunt's home was tele- phoned yesterday and today ',the person answering said that he was out of town. Associated Press i Mr. Ziegler confirmed that Lawrence F. O'Brien, left, Democratic party chairman, OUVAW121000104:atgieptolittlitecfM014"00 Mr. O'Brien said earlier that !nine persons from Miami, ap- parently including the men cap- itured Satui;day morning, stayed at the Watergate between May 26 and 29. I The Democratic National :Committee had reported that Ion the night of May 28 . an 'attempt had been made to break into their offices, which are situated in a building adjoining E the hotel. A spokesman for the hotel said, however, that "we have been advised by the Federal authorities not to say any more" on the subject. Of the fivemen arrested at the Democratic offices, four were from Miami and the fifth was James W. McCord, a secu- rity specialist for both the Re- publican National Committee and the Commit!ee to Re-elect the President. Mr. McCord is not believed to have stayed at the hotel on either occasion. All in C.I.A. Operations In addition to Mr. Barker and Mr. Martinez, the other Miami-i based suspects were Frank Sturgis and Virgilio R. Gon- zales. All of them, along with Mr. Hunt and Mr. McCord, had been involved in the C.I.A.'s Cuban operations in 1961. ktrtSlri:SfrSittSSe.s?, telliaence" and "the flow of said that the consensus among the "law enforcement .people" oontinuod NORFOLK, ffproved FM- Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601ki&6563-650001-4 LEDGER?STAR), Ju ii `6 lot6 E ? 106,121 t ,10,?????wawmestiam;Merit, A woman who identified herself F . -g i ZI,S0 alUi lor ' 11 i . iy., ,. . as Hunt's daughter answered the .r. unr telephone at his home in Wash- . ington's Maryland suburbs .Tues- day night, and said only," no Otf S y TinierS ,. :comment." ? Bennett said Hunt never toleb him that he had helped plan the? r ., , al F By WAYNE WOODLIEF Ledger-Star Washington Bureau WASHINGTON?H. How a rd Hunt Jr., the part-time White . House consultant whose name has cropped up in the investiga- ? tion of the weekend breakin at ? the Democratic National Com- mittee Headquarters, is an ex- _CJA. agent who, according to a friend, wrote dozens of James Bond-style spy thrillers. Frank Stu r gi s, alias Frank Fiorini, a Norfolk native, asso- ciated with the anti-Castro move- ment, is among the five men ? being held in the District of Col- umbia jail, charged with burgar- izing the DNC headquarters. Hunt has worked for the past two years for the 'Washington public relations firm of Robert R. Mullen and Co., according to the firm's president, Robert F. Ben- nett. Bennett confirmed Tuesday that Hunt joined the firm after about 20 years with the CIA. He said Hunt had been "moonlight- ing" for the past year, with Ben- nett's per missio on, for White House special counsel Charles Colson, principally declassifying Defense Department documents in the wake of last year's "Penta- gon Papers" disclosures. Bennett said Hunt left Wash- ington Tuesday morning for a public ? relations assignment in New York. _ "I've ' been trying to reach him," Bennett said." I'd like him to show up and start answering .some of these questions himself." He said he had left a message with the New York client "that if Howard doesn't show up Wednes- day, I will suspend him from the payroll." ? W.ho's Who lists Hunt as a na- tive of Hamburg, N. Y., born in 1918. The publication also de- scribes him as a one-time movie ? script writer, an editor for the 1940's March of Time newsreels, a war correspondent for Life.. magazine and an ,"attache" or "political officer" for U. S. em- bassies or similar outposts in France, Austria, Mexico and the Far East. Bennett said "Those, titles are covers for CIA work." Who's Who also notes that Hunt has written 42 novels, under the pen names of Robert Dietrich, Jchn Baxter and Gordon Davis. ? "Howard's always fancied him- self something of an Ian Flem- ing," said a friend of Hunt. Flem- ing, now dead, wrote the James Bond novels." Howard enjoys spinning tables about spies and their escapades." . Bennett said ? Hunt is an ac- ,'quaintance of Douglas Caddy, the tVashington corporatioa lawyer) who represented the five burgla- ry suspects after their arrest. Caddy, according to Washing- ton newspapers, has been asso- ciated with Republican politics for 20 years and was one of the fou n ds r a of the Conservative Young Americans for Freedom. The Mullen public relations firm had done some work for the General Foods Corp. at a time when Caddy represented the cor- poration, Bennett said. "Caddy was in the office, rep- resenting General Foods, and that's when he and Ho wa rd met," Bennett said. Caddy lives in an apartment building in the 2100 block of 2121 . P. St., in Washington, about a ? block from the intersection of 20th St. and Mass. Avenue. Wash- ington police reported finding, in an auto rented by the burglary suspects, a city map with a route marked IromtheWater gate Building, where the DNC head- quarters are located, to the 20th, St-Mass. Ave. intersection. Bay of Pigs affair. But, Bennett/ said," he spun tales about the CIA the way an FBI man tells stories about John Dillinger." Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 TASMIZGTON DAILY ;0,7$ Approved For Release 29111/Still067CIA-RDP80-01 7\ /71, ; N. ; ?I N 1 `k LJ L.i ti,??,1 ik1l NTL ?-? ?I - By PATRICK COLLINS and DAN THOMASSON The five men charged with the Saturday burglary of the Democratic National Commit- tee Headquarters did not sneak in to bug the offices, but to remove "dead bugs" that had been planted earlier. Highly placed police sources said there is "every indication" that the so-called bugs ?all of which were found in the men's po- session, rather than in spying position?"may have been there for some time." Disclosure of this possibility coupled with other developments yesterday added a new di- mension to an increasingly convoluted case which clearly is embarrassing Republicans from Congress to the White House where the name of a top aide to President Nixon has become involved. On at least two other occasions prior to Sat- urday's raid, police said, offices of prominent Democratic party members in the Watergate Complex have been "tampered with." And po- lice today believe there may have been one successful attempt to bug the inner sanctum of the Democratic Party. On May 16 a law firm actively involved in the Democratic Party was broken into in the same way in which Saturday's raiding party slithered thru Democratic headquarters. the Watergate Building at 600 New Hamp- shire-av nw, the same complex as the Demo- cratic Committee suites, had its door jimmied. On that day, police said, a guard found the doors of the basement garage taped to prevent them from closing, the same technique used by the crew in Saturday's burglary. On May, 28, police said the door of a promi- nent Democratic official was "tampered with," and it is rumored that some tape was also used in this attempted burglary. Police have also disclosed that from May 26 thru May 29 the five men arrested Saturday were lodged at the Watergate Hotel and apparently met with four other men, who were registered there under assumed names. Reportedly, there were two other tries at breaking into the Democratic National Com- mittee offices last month, but party officials said they didn't think much of the incidences because nothing was taken. Police sources said the bugs found on the men arrested Saturday ? there were at least three sending devices found?telephone and room conversations can transmit about 150 yards . Tho police found no re- ceivers either in the headquarters offices or in the hotel rooms that had been rented by the suspects, police sources said it would be possi- ble to receive signals from the bugs in a car The firm of Freed, Frank, Harris, Shriver parked or driving near the Watergate build- and Kampelman, loApproViecifiotoRelege 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01 When they were arrested, the five men had in their possession ? or in their hotel rooms ? burglary tools, a walkie-talkie, a short wave receiver that could pick up police calls, 40 rolls of unexposed film, two 35 millimeter cameras and three pen-sized tear gas guns. Police then said several file cabinet drawers in the office were open, and officers theorized that the men planned to photograph papers from the files. Sources in Miami, where all five suspects have ties, said they believe one possible mo- tive for the hugging was the increasing fear of some Cuban refugee leaders that election of a Democratic President, particularly Sen. George S. McGovern, might mean a change in U.S. policy toward Cuban Premier Fidel Cas- tro. The Miami sources also said Howard E. Hunt, a Washington public relations man and part-time White House consultant, was be- lieved to have served as a Nixon administra- tion link with the huge Cuban exile community in Florida. The sources speculated that Mr. Hunt, who reportedly worked for the CIA in the i11-fat4 Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba, was asked by the White House to help gather intelligence on Castro agents who have infiltrated the exile ganizations. They said administration officials have been 40ti_1141 OZOlt?"14. Casti t It ETillt-I:ss: 001aticu,".6 STATI NTL RelSkiVicoidia : CIA-RDP80 2 1 JUN 1972 STATINTL ast oi ilIdarac ler@ involved 1117 ? 01,64 G 11 17: fb -)11C.) Tin STATINTL emocrau ??? ' , - By Bart Barnes (R) Colson was said in 1970 to He was one of the five ar- rested inside the Democratic According to the Miami Her- :. Washington Post Staff Writer National Committee offices. aid, Sturgis was arrested in Her- have worked with a Life maga- i.., Here is the list of principal charging that former Mary- Bernard L. Barker waters off British Honduras zinc reporter on an article mdividuals who hare emerged ,land Sen. Joseph D. Tydings with 12 companions during jot/owing the attempt early (D) used the prestige of his of- Barker, 55, was born in Ha- what Sturgis said was a voy- :Oatic National Committee of a company in which he held American parent. He grew up i age to make a commando raid Saturday to bug the Demo- lice to promote the interests vana of one Cuban and one , ?headquarters. both in .Cuba and in the n Cuba. The Mexican captain of, the boat, however, said Tydings was cleared of the stock. United States and during Howard E. Hunt charges after the November World War II was a captain in Sturgis had hijacked the craft. the Arm Air Corps. He was . Sturgis was one of the five Hunt, an employee of t election, which he lost, and shot down over Germany and suspects arrested inside the Central Intelligence Agency' Colson has always had no corn-' for 17 months was held as a Democratic National Commit- ' ..: . I I from 1949 to 1970, last worked merit on the issue. prisoner of war. tee offices. is a consultant to the White Colson, said to be a special-1 In the late 1950s, Barker , served under Castro's guer. ea. - I the President, signed on How- I became disillusioned and fled tarY public, Martinez has been A real estate agent and a no- yrHouse? on March 29 of this, ist in delicate assignments for rilla movement in Cuba but he '."Hunt's name- and telephone ; ard E. Hunt in 1971 as a spe-; to Miami in 1959. He is said to active in the anti-Castro move- number were listed in two ad-I cial consultant at $100 a day. i have been one of the organiz. ment in Miami. A Cuban clon, both alumniii ers of the Bay of Pigs invasion native, he originally sided ress books seized by police1 Hunt and Cols in 1961 and is said to have with Castro against fyom two of the five suspect 1 of Brown University, are said; Batt sta arrested in the bugging at- I to have met in 1966 when both I. been working for the CIA but then fled the country altertempt. ? i were active in the Washington since then.- . ? the revolution succeeded. 1 About two weeks ago he tlie White House involved de- c tried to line up housing al the 'Hunt's consulting work at; He is married and lives with chapter of the Brown alumni club. his wife in Miami. A daughter, University of Miami for 3,000 classification of the Pentagon! Maria Elena B. Moffet, works Young Republicans who will Papers and, more recently, in- James W. telligence work in the area oft be attending the Republican , McCord Jr in Bethesda for . the Prudential An employee for the Centr Insurance Co. of America. National Convention :there narcotics enforcement. 1 Intelligence Agency for 19 , About a year ago, Barker this summer. '-Currently, Hunt is a writer years, McCord, now retired, started a real estate firm, Bar- Martinez is a salesman. in with the public relations firm.. the real was until Sunday the security: ker Associates,. in Miami. An . estate office of an- of Robert R. 'Mullen & Co.,' . coordinator for President Nix- auto rented here by the sus- other suspect, Bernard L. Bar- 1700 Pennsylvania Ave. NW. , on's re-election committee. peels in the bugging was ker. Martinez was one of the - -,Hunt lives at 11120 River McCord, also an ex-FBI rented in the name of Barker five suspects arrested inside Rd. in a large, white wooden agent, also held a contract to Associates. frame house in a sparsely pop, provide security services to Barker was one of five ar- the Democratic National Com- ulated and affluent section of 1 the Republican National Com- rested inside the Democratic mittee offices Saturday. Potomac in suburban Mont- mittee. After retirement from National Committee offices. the CIA McCord established Virgilio R. Gonzalez I his own security consulting Frank Sturgis The fifth suspect to be ar- firm, McCord Associates in Rockville. Sturgis, 37, was born in Nor- rested inside the Democratic folk, Va., as Frank A. Fiorini National Committee offices at , A . resident of Rockville,, but changed his name in 1932 McCord, 53, is active in the 1 the Watergate, Gonz;lez is a when his mother married , neig,h- ! ',Ralph Sturgis. locksmith by trt,de and, ac- e rding to* a motion in court First Baptist Church of Wash- , , and another sign near a mail I ington. According to box says "Witches Island." %'-'? r` bors, he is from Texas where I Known in Cuban exile cir- or a reduction of his bond, ' des in Miami as having exten- No cne answered a knock on1 he and his wife graduated has been steadily employed sive CIA contacts, Sturgis na for some years. i the door and Hunt Was re-, from Baylor University. They been described in news ac-1 . , He lives in Miami with his. 1 ported not at work yesterday. have three children, two counts as a soldier of fortune. wife and children and works daughters and a son who is in An ex-Marine, he joined at the Missing Link Key Shop. i Charles Wendell Colsonhis third year at the U.S. Air Castro in the hills of Oriente , Province in 1958 and was later According to his eMployer, he f.-:iril counsel to Force Academy. came to the United States Colson, 40, sp named to oversee gambling the President. Col-on, a Bos- McCord is also a lieutenant operations in Havana after the sometime around . the time Castro became well-known Ionian and a lawyer, his been colonel in the- Air Force Re-?Irevolutinn succeeded in Janu- and he has worked at the described by White ilouse of- serve and was part of a unit ary, 1959. ficials as "a doer, a tough- whose duties included devel- Later that year, however, Missing Link since 1959. Ile minded ambitious man who gets oping plans for compiling lists there was a falling out and ' has been described as "pro- things done." uf radicals and developing . . Sturgis fled Cuba for Miami American and anti-Castro." -, , ? ;sett's. Sen. Levcrett Saltonstall, assistant to forme . proved "atorliteleasev2001108/pli 'he WADI:411010 fall R 9,00014 46134. astio al-airs since. , the firm of Gall, Laria_Por,T11 with t0tat, jrnl!- ,I!- A one-time administrative olans for censms up o .L . Eugene Martinez gomery County. The nearest house is 150 yards away. Neighbors knew little about him. A sign out front says "Beward of Dog"' VILS1:1;,;G1011 STAR STATINTL Approved For Release 29011/Stif067.2CIA-R E 0 s By JAMES DOYLE m Star Staff Writer Howard Hunt Jr. of Potomac was due to be suspended by his employers today if he did not explain whether he has any connection to the "Water- gate 'caper" that has launched a burgeoning investigation of who tried to bug the Demo- cratic National Committee and why. Hunt, a former CIA agent who has been working for the White House from time to time as a consultant and for a public relations firm with strong Republican ties, was in- - terviewed by Federal Bureau of Investigation agents at his Potomac home, but he report- edly shed no light on the inves- tigation. Gave Top References ? The novelist and intelligence agent, who helped run the un- successful Bay of Pigs inva- sion in 1961, listed the head of the Central Inlellirgence Agen- cy, a top White House assist- ant and conservative colum- nist William F. Buckley as ref- erences when he sought work as a writer with Robert R. Mullen 8,7, Co. in 1970. He was hired by the Mullen public relations firm with the endorsement of CIA Director Richard Helms. Subsequently he was given added work as a consultant on declassification of secret documents by anoth- er friend, Charles W. Colson, a White House operative who handles sensitive political chores for President Nixon. Hunt's name has surfaced *during the investigation fol- lowing the early morning break-in Saturday at the Wa- tergate office of the Derao- .cratic National Committee, Where five men, with various links to the CIA, were arrested at gunpoint during an appar- ent attempt to copy documents and plant surveillance micro- phones. ? Flurry of Questions Democrats have called the case an act of political espion- age. Republicans have denied involvement. Hunt's name, with the nota- tion "House", was fo ho nt arrested. They are Eugenio R. Martinez, an anti-Castro Cu- ban, and Bernard L. Barker, said to be a top aide to Hunt at the time of the Bay of Pigs invasion. They and 3 others .euspects are being held in lieu of bail. The address book notations they knew of no motives for believed to have stashed awa the break-in and attempted'. some of the CIA funds distrib surveillance. uted at that time. He said he had received a Not Normal Style tip some months ago that One of the arrested men, members of the Cuban corn- James W. McCord, was under' munity in Miami were plan- contract to both the Commit ring to bug the Democratic tee for the Re-election of the National Committee, but that President and the Republican lie di CIA Director Helms and White,/ their security problems. He tblecause "I receive tips about together with hunt's ties to ;National Committee to handle d not follow it through House aide Charles Colson.was a recent retiree from the ? Cubans all the time. Any have raised a flurry of new unanswered questions which the White House turned aside, and which Hunt was not avail- able to answer. Another indirect link be- tween Hunt and the suspects was the lawyer called into the case .Saturday by the wife of Barker. Douglas Caddy, who anted as Barker's lawyer dur- ing his arraignment, was de- scribed as a Need of Hunt's by the president of the public relations firm where Hunt works. Caddy bad office space in that firm up until two years ago, the firm's president said. His present employers, the Mullen Co., were also unable to shed any light on Hunt's possible involvement or his whereabouts. Walkie-talkies Robert F. Bennett, the son of Utah Republican Sen. Wal- lace F. Bennett and head of the firm, announced that Hunt would be suspended this morn- ing if he did not show up and explain his role, if any, in the Watergate caper. Bennett said he asked Hunt about reports that he was connected to the Water- gate raiding party v-hen he last saw him Monday after- noon. He quoted Hunt as reply- ing, "I was nowhere near that place Saturday." Police have been seeking a sixth and perhaps a seventh man who, they theorize, may h walkie-talkie they found in a room the sus- who visited one of the suspects whose headquarters are at in jail, said that the Miami Fort Totten, New York. pects had rented in the Water- men were working for Barker, The detachment includes gate Hotel. Police also feel the and that Barker brought Mc_ members of the Army and men may have replaced tape Cord into the group for the Navy as well, the spokesman on the doors to the office -Watergate affair, said, and undergoes training which had been removed by a Anderson said, that all of the in the kind of censorship of time three of them get togeth- CIA, and he set up a private er they create a conspiracy."' company in Rockville around the time he received the two In a related development, the staff director of the Senate Republican contracts. Spokesmen at the commit- subcdmmittee. on constitution. fees said McCord came more a,1 ripts. said today lie is cneckmg- into time operations of highly recommended, and with a military reserve unit of the a better background in securi- ty matters, than any other ap- plicant for the jobs. Others who know McCord, who taught security courses at a local col- lege and was active in the mil- itary reserves as a training officer, also reported that a ATINTL Office of Emergency Pre- paredness that develops proce- dures for mail censorship dur- ing wartime. Asking Questions Published reports about the unit appeared this week when clandestine midnight raid was not his normal style. it was disclosed that McLord IS a former member. Hunt has a mysterious back- Larry Baskir, head of the ground as a CIA operative for j subcommittee staff, said that 20 years and as a participant in some past operations such as the Bay of Pigs. While no connection has been made between him and the case, he has ties to both the high White House aide and to members of the anti-Castro Cuban community. Ile and Colson shared duties in the Brown University Club of Washington, and Colson hired Hunt as a consultant to the White House. Hunt and Barker worked closely togeth- er-during the Bay of Pigs, the New York Times reported he is making "a few 'phone calls" about the unit's opera- tion but had no new informa- tion to report and no specula- tion of whether there will be a committee investigation. A public affairs officer for the OE?, Donald Carbone, confirmed yesterday that McCord was a member of the unit but denied reports that the 15-member group also pre- pared lists of "radicals" as well. McCord, who was chief secu- rity officer for the Committee The Times reported that two to Re-elect the President, is weeks ago Hunt visited Barker listed by the Pentagon as a in Miami, where the latter lieutenant colonel in the Air runs a real estate agency. Force Reserve. FBI agents were reportedly For about two years, a Pen- scouring the Cuban communi. tagon spokesman said, Mc- ty in Miami for more informa.- Cord has been in Detachment tion about the suspects. i 23, based in Washington, of the Columnist Jack Andersoni 1st Censorship Squadro n, security guard who found that suspects had oast links with mail that was imposed in the the doors had been prevented the CIA and that soine veter_ United States during World from -wain . address books of tw pve ituForekel*asei2001/013/641T diA2RDP80001/8111tR000500050 in the case. Investigators said . cont. tnue a 001-4 " O LIA Approved For Release 2M1filada7CIA-RDP80- By J. THEODORE CROWN and JAMES DOYLE Star Staff Writers District police officials to- day disclosed they have sent some photographs to Miami, Fla., amid indications that the pictures might lead to an early break in the investigation of Saturday's break-in at the Democratic National Commit- tee. Inspector Ernest J. Prete, in charge of the case for the Washington police force, said certain }totes were sent off to Miami today. He would not divulge whether the pictures are of possible new suspects in the case or were taken from exposed film seized from the five suspects already under arrest. Neither was it. disclosed whether the photos had been sent to the Miami police or to the Federal Bureau of Investi- gation field office there. There are strong indications that the . FBI has taken over the major portion of the investigation into the case despite the ab- sence of any federal charge or warrant. Prete said, "We- could get the big break in the case to- day." Reporters took this to mean that Prete anticipates ? discovering the identity of the sixth individual believed to . have taken part in the Water- gate Hotel break-in, or discov- ery of the mastermind police have deduced was behind the intrusion into the National Committee headquarters. Meanwhile, the president of the public relations firm that employs Howard E. Hunt Jr. announced today that hunt was suspended because he has not reported to the company since the possibility he was connected with some of the arrested men was diSclosed. Robert F. Bennett, the son of Republican Sen. Wallace Bennett of Utah and president of Robert R. Mullen & Co., announced today that Hunt was out of touch for a second . day and that he was being sought to explain any possible connection to the incident. STATI NTL last saw him Monday after. umnist.William F. Buckley as cradle party ties and on the ' noon. He quoted Hunt as reply- references when he sought 1Gth floor of the Watergate, ing, "I was nowhere near that work as a writer with Robert Freed, Frank, Harris, Shriver place Saturday." R. Mullen & Co. in 1970. ? & Kampolinan. . Hunt, a former CIA agent(' He was hired by the Mullen- The firm told police yester- who has been working for the Pt. Mlle relations firm with the day their offices were broken White House from time to endorsement of CIA Director,/ into May 13, but the incident time as a consultant and for a Richard Heins. SubseeMentlY was not reported then because public relations firm with he was given added work as a nothing appeared to be miss- strong Republican ties, was in- consultant on declassification jug. At that time, it was said, terviewed by FBI agents at his ef secret documents by anoth- the burglary was not thauaht Potomac home; but he report- or friend, Charles \to Colson, a of in terms of political spying. edly shed no light on the inves- White House operative who bers of thfirm tigation. h a n d 1 e s sensitive political - - n - ? include Memo Sareent Shriver, a Democretic Hoot .s name mined during chores for President Nixon. , the inve Th stigation following the e add bool ress a ? - n of. ations political adviser and brother- ' in-law in the Kennedy family; early morning break-in Sltur- together with Hunt's ties to Max Kantor-groan, a counsellor day at the Democratic Na- C1:1 Director Helms and White t. Sen. Hubert Hurnpia?ey; and tional Cemmittee, \there five . ' , Colson, have raised o .. , _ House aim: e Patricia Earns, chairman of men, ?vita various links to the a flurry of new unanswered the Credentials Committee for CIA, were arrested at gunpoint questions which the White the Democratic National Cost- during an apparent attempt to House turned aside, and which vention. copy documents and plant sur- Bunt was rpat available to an- Police records ? also show veillanee microphones. swer. that someone attempted .z.to re- ?m cons i &ration was ia.. Another indirect link be- move locks from the national m e tween hunt and the suspects committee offices on the sisith was the lawyer called into the p floor at the Watergate on May case Saturday by the wife ?'' 23. The Watergate and rue- Caddy, who being olven at. police head- ? ,quarters to a theory that the .intitelors might have broken ieto the Democratic offices Saturday to remove hugging clovices implanted there pre- vioualy. Inspectoe Ernest J. Prete said, however, this was only one of a number of ideas voiced by investigators as possible explanations for the semi:slice of events. Based on preaent knowledge, Prete said, this concept of the mo- tivetion is regarded only as speculation. Democrats have called the case an act of political espion- age. Republicans have denied involvement. Bennett said he asked Hunt about reports that he was connected gate raiding p. 0100 Barker. Douglas acted as Barker's lawyar dur- rounding area is a prime at- ing his arraignment, was de- traction to burglars and more scribed as a friend of Hunt's than 160 larcenies have cc- by the president of the public cured in the area in recent relations firm v;here Hunt months, police said. works. Inspector Prete said Riley's Caddy had office space in task is to try to pinpoint dates that firm up uutil two years and times of other robberies ago, the firm's president said. and attempts in relation to known presence of the sus- Analyzing Reports pects in the Watergate. Meanwhile, the WasiIingion Police have been secloirig a police began an analysis of shsth and perhaps a S2Verilii records and reprts ia an at- man who, they theorim, may tempt to determine p battier have manned a Nvalkie-talkie earlier burglaries nail at- they found in a room the SUFI- tempted break-ins at the via. poets had rented in the Wan-so- li:lilt's name, with the nota- lion "W House,? was found in tergate correspond to dates on gate Hotel. Police also feel the the address books of two of which some of the suspects man may have replaced tame, these arrested. They are Eu- had been registered at the ho- on the doors to the office oreio R. Afartinez, an anti- tel previously. lovestigators which had been removed by a Castro Cuban, and Bernard L. have determined that four of security guard who found that Barker, said to be a top aide the five suspects were regis- f the doors had been prevented to Bunt at the time of the Bay bred at the Tatergate be- rom teat:trig. of Pigs invasion. They and tween I.lay 26 and 29. One of the arrested men, three other suspects are being Insometar Ernest J. Prete, James W. McCord, was under held in lieu of bail, who is in charge of Metropoh- contract to both the Commit- tan Police ceeedination of the tee for the Re-election of the Gave Top References entire Watergate case, has as- President and the Republican signed Detective sorgt. Thom_ National Committee. to handle Hunt, a novelist and intern- their security problems. He as Riley to ecmpiie a list of all vas a recent redree from tile nence agent who helped run the uneuccessful by of Pigs break-ins at the Watergate ' invasion in ledl, listed the head since April Ito match against CIA, and he set up a private when suspects were compo.ny in Rockville around of the Central Intelligence the time he received the two . Agency, a top White fIouse 1/kInaotc,sni to be here before. Republican contracts. assistant and conservative col- ,A new report of an old bur- glary came to pike yesterdaySpokesmen at the commit- For Release 2001 /03040P CIAVI5POP-Vit01 R0635000560`b 4 tees said McCord elle ctint.lei STATI NTL ? contintle,14 Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-016g10050001-4 CONCORD, N.H. MONITOR & PATRIOT E ? 13,961 -JUN20197Z . v j1 -1 3 ciTi k. The attempted bugging and . burglarizing of Democratic Na- tonal Committee headquarters jin Washington by some former CIA agents at one time in the ?trir,T5 (-17-yotthe COmmittee for the Re-election of the President reads like a script from the tv show "Mission Impossible." - Five men, including three who were involved in the abortive Bay of Pigs. invasion of Cuba in 19,61, were caught in the act Saturday by plainclothes Wash- ington police who'd been called by a security guard. They were wearing rubber surgical gloves and carried elaborate eavesdropping de- vices, photographic equipment and kits of sophisticated burglar tools. Former Atty. Gen. John N. Mitchell, now chairman of the Committee for the Re-election of the President, said the men "were not operating either in our behalf or with our consent." Sen. Robert J. Dole, R-Kan., chairman of the Republican Na- tional Committee, said the ac- tions of the group "were not on our behalf nor with our con- sent." What coincidental phrase- ology! It reminds us of the line _Lunn. .1i.1) on the self-destruct tape at the opening of the "Mission Impos- sible" shows: " . . . the Secre- tary will disavow all knowledge of your activities." One of the principals seized was identified as James W. Mc- Cord of Rockville, Md., who re- signed from the CIA in August 1970 and operated his own security business. Mitchell acknowledged the Committee for the Re-election of the President had employed McCord "some months ago" to help set up a security system. But a report filed June 10 with the General Accounting Office, as required by a new campaign expenditures disclosure law, listed the last payment to McCord as May 25 ? less than a month ago. Sen. Dole also acknowledged that McCord had done some work for the Republican Nation- al Committee, but he didn't say when. Another member of the covert raiding party was identified as Bernard L. Barker, a Cuban- born U.S. citizen, now a Miami real estate operator who also was involved in the Bay of Pigs planning. Of the other three, one was a locksmith ? which may or may @LH e OH 0 9 not have significance ? another also had had a minor role in the Bay of Pigs fiasco and the third was a real estate dealer. We are inclined to look with jaundiced eye on the Mitchell and. Dole denials. It is pushing credulity to assume the five sus- pects invaded the Democratic National Committee offices in the middle of the night just for kicks. While burglary is not a crime to be taken lightly, the episode has a comic opera ? ring. These veterans of cloak-and-dagger activity were no more success- ful invading the Democratic Na- tional Committee than they were invading Cuba 11 years ago. Also, this incident is just somewhat more bizarre ? and a more serious infraction of the law ? than similar attempts at infiltration that have taken place between the two political parties over the years. We recall one incident in 1964 when the Democrats tried to plant a campaign worker, in other words, a spy, in the orga- nization of Sen. Barry Gold- water, R-Ariz., the Republican presidential nominee. He was caught and hustled out. It is questionable whether Mitchell or Dole, or whoever was behind the burglary try, would have collected anything worthwhile if the bueging and file-photography had baert suc- cessful. As anyone who has worked a presidential campaign knows, most of the major decisions are not made at party headquarters, but among the staff of the candi- date. The listening devices might have picked up some juicy gossip or indicators of in- ternal dissension, but probably little else. If we were to look for a mas- termind, our quizzical stare would fix on Mitchell. First, he already ha S been caught stretching the truth. And sec- ond, he was a vigorous propo- nent of wiretapping and no- knock entry while he was at- torney general. ? Even if he had nothing what- soever to do with it, we're sure the humorless Mitchell can't see the zany aspect of the operation. After all, the Democrats probably were thinking of the same thing, but had not pro- gressed far enough to get caught. Or they couldn't afford it. Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R000500050001-4 Approved For Releaseaft/013104,D CIA 20 JUNE 1.912 erz-i: fl-7?5 /1y.7,1 Q, L4 'PL.1/ Li By JAMES BUCI I AN AN And CLARK HOYT licraTe Staff Writers James \V. McCord Jr., se-' cuity chief for the Commit- tee to Reelect the President, who was arrested after breaking into Democratic National Committee head- quarters, may have been rec- ommended for his post by the Secret Service, sources said Monday. The Associated Press, which first diacovercd that tie Fontainebleau Hotel the ailcroa horalar was an employe of the con:mit...ern said 'McCord was given the $1,209-a-mor th position in January, reportedly at the suggestion ef Al Wong, hood of the Sac ret Service Techni- cal Security Division. ? STATINTL ri 77 "7:'T) ' action aoainst anyone it can find who may have violated the First Amendment or the party's civil ri:jits.. C' The In:es:soy corn:wool as to vn-a:re the ?is-a arreste.l men obtained between S5.300 and $?3,500 in crisp $103 bilis ?vhich they carried daring 1he cr:.keration and which are in conseeutive serial Lunn lacro. 0 A discovery that Mc- Coal had "recently" visited McCord, 53, a former em- ploye of both ti-le 1131 and the CIA, onerates a private secu- rity agency in Rezkwell, -as well as scrviro as a "secu- rity expert" for foaroer A: tor- ncy General N. :.?iitch- ell. who now he?ids Pre,nnent Nixon's camdai7n forces, NEiTHER Wong nor an of- ficial:spokesman for the Se- cret Service would confirm that the agent ;vas.acooaint- ed with I?.1.cCor1 or recom- mended him for the post: Meanv:hile, there were these ether devc?lopments in the ease; which saw the ar- rest of four M,-o-ians as well as McCord in the Democrats' office on the sixth floor of the Watergate Office Build- ing adjoining- the plush Wa- tergate Hotel: c' Dictcicl. of Coluntbia po- lice said, "We've got things that point to a sixth man. being involved," but admit they have no idea who it might be "if there was one at -all." ? 0 Lawrence O'Brien, chairman of the Democratic National Committee. said the party was considering court rooms to be ooatzpied by the Renobhcan N. ianal Commit- ten in Miami T3 Tach "to chock on s.acui raononcc: ti.e Ilanonnoos. who will use ;he same rooms first, to order thc in electronically ."swept" as a precaution against eavesdropping,. ? The five arrested Saturday carried burglar tools, accord- ing to Wasvi-gton detec- tives, and "old fashioned" electronic gear which could have been hidden in the Democrats' office to transmit conversations there for a dis- tance of some 150 feet. That would have been enough, officers said, to have reached the rooms in the ad- joining Watergate Hotel, which the five suspects had rented under assumed names earlier in the week. Police officials expressed amazement that the five ar- rested had been "so stupid" in their operation. MAHING THEIR way from an outside entrance up to the sixth floor offices by way *of a fire stairwell, the men had placed adhesive tape over each door latch so it would not lock and trap them in- side.. ? A building security guard spotted the tape on two doors and removed it. On his next rounds, he found the same latches taped z:gain and summoned police, who heard the men removing a wall panel in one of the main of- fices and made the arrests. O'Brien, in announcing Democrats' counsel was con- sidering legal action, said, "There may have been other incidents before this." Then, with a gibe .at the Republicans, he added: thought this was a law-and- order administration." President Nixon has re- fused to comment on the break-in and reforrnd goes- tions to John N. Mitchell, his campaign chairman and for- mer attorney general. Mitchell, in turn, has said only that the five men arrest- ed were "not operating eithor on our behalf or with our consent." But at the Florida White House on Key Biscayne, the chief executive's press were- tary, Ronald Ziegler, was drawn into a discussion of the incident with reporters Monday. "0:W101/SLY we don't condone that kind of second- rate activity," Ziegler said. When prossed further, the press secretary added, "I'm net going to comment from the White House on a third- rate burglary attempt. I'm not going to comment on a group of guys who put on surgical g,!cves and tried to go in, and bug a place." O'Brien has demanded a full-scale investigation by the Justice Department, and a department spokesman said that the FBI .already has begun a probe as a "routine matter." The Associated Press re- vealed that one of the five arrested, James McCord, had been paid $2,41S in April and May by the Committee to Reelect the President, which is headed by Mitchell. ? A former security chief for the Central Intelligence Agency's headquarters near Washington, McCord is being held under $30,000 bail. The four Miamians, wno like Mc.Cord were caught within the party quarters wearing surgical rubber gloves and removing part of , eluded Frank Fiorini, \vim once was active in pro-Cas- tro and then anti-Castro ac- tivities. The others were Eugenio Martinez, V. F. Gonzalez Bernard L. Barker. All are being held under $50,003 MIGUEL SUAREZ, a Miami attorney who ran un- successfully for Metro mayor in 1970 and who is Bernard Barker's business associate, said he last saw his partner Friday morning and they dis- cussed real estate develop- ments in Miami. "I am the lawyer for Bark- er Associates," said Suarez. "He is always in my office. He is like a permanent fix- ture here, so that's I guess why he gave this address. He probably didn't want to im- plicate his wife." ? At the time the five men were arraigned, Barker gave Suarez' address, 955 SW First St., as his. "I know that he is an anti- Communist and a Demo- crat," said Suarez, "but I don't know much else of his political beliefs." SUAREZ SAID Barker helped him during his bid for Metro mayor "by pasting posters, passing out hand bills and generally being helpful around the office." "I have not been in contact with Barker since Friday, bat I have had a?call from his at- torney, Douglas Caddy, and we discussed private jodicial matters pertaining to this case." Suarez has known Parker since 1963, hut said he didn't know if Barker was involved in the Bay of Pigs invasion planning as a CIA link, as has been suggested. "We worked in a Cuban clinic together and we hit it off," said Suarez. "About two years ago we began . working together in real estate deals." Approved For Release 2001/03/04 : CIA-RDP80-01601R00050122111:11M4 STATI NTL Approved For Release 20011431041:2VA-RDP80-01 (Late City Edition) 20 June 1972 p. 1 , ,? ? to recruit a sixth person to .e.--iz. cA f .,1.1. .? -;licie Tied Lc) Politic-6.-1 17)-"ci ? " - "' ' I participate in the bre?i'?-in 'o it . \Lai 4- that the unttier.tlfted pe.rson a I: .1ceased his consulting work on, to Ketelcrt the President de-, haAdtretthuesendlotnoiejro.ti,nithc follow. By TAD SZtlLC . March 29. But Mr. Clawson in- .. nounced in statentents yci,ten ?.et i;sisted that "WC do not have - ? re' ?:4' ' '? ? , s?,,?(..red enueasitri?01rstgs ta.,r1fOutulihnc-: day the p d?-vn 1--d Today 1",' " - ? ,,,,..., ,- ? - , , ... n . any idea- Senator Itobont Dole. of Kansas,: ' I \\-,.,_1,,INGIG.? 3.?1?ft 1,,,-A , of his participation in the jormer ci.,:is..11tant to a high ithe incident" 'involving the al- telegIrpt?nt NIt.:tftnal Chairman, ra': ? , ? Wnite Potise elficial, who alst..1,-:Rect. break-in by former C.I.A. the Republican committee, in? ae sof of;. .. .1c.'id\' htoh, e ii!'ai,,ait?.n,yoe, had or- s.erve ('arli?"s a IOP C-'lltral eraplo:ics at the Democratic :.I'lu'ing 1.110s rePreslIng - ? -! t. ', f 'Con V'"5 j iintell.',0011CP.A.acticy official, ?.,?e? s ?fict,s. .,,,,r...,..)-sp,?.-.,,,,, ,31?,:,,,,,,),, ....,,,- , ,) ? .-?-v maa ta orm.. 1 . .4 '''' ? '-. ('What was n.s :cal plirpose, ?reported tnni,i]ht to have met ;;-?g them not to discuss the. suutg..-;-!!' ? , , According to 1?''r*. Clawson, matter with anyone. :in Mianii about ni..0 v,-;:icks ago "iteirq 'V C I - ' " supplied t iwith the apparent Ieaf:er of-h, I t , u t ? ? .- A 1 he Dol., memorandum ir,- tfIcl,!ri.2/Tyc`Vt?-?1,-,eSp5:15i,?e-or thle.::;rusit.. -et- , tr. o son Lot anyone ? - e,s.e ,iaa any ?now.euge. or par- structeu cormaaittee inamlieN CO - ;group that has been charp,ad deplorable in- t d ., .,?1 - . pects at the time of their En-(st ticipotion in this . ' rier all ir.r,r'es to the corn- . ;. 1 ? , - with r.itempting last Saturday ci;2,-,nf.i, mittce's director of cominunica- ?.'ir.:(?csi ?stA171:telat itent.itolteolir? re'''''s at ,to install listening devices atthat ant Torn Torn Woick. Palicta sources here said c Did an influe l efficials th e office's of Incthe Deocratic mr, piunt's na;no was i'ound in The 'F.B.I., local policemen - lb', y ntia? Administration 0r the National Committee here. the 1.thircss bocyk of Mr. Bari:cr Administralk'n ?fficials and ?Renublican party?or th,:ir po- Cuban sot/n:7es identified him an " ' ' ""