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Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 STATI NTL LUBBOCK, 'TEX. AVALANCHE-JOURNA14 M _ 62,423 E - 29,872 $ 73,_50 1 117 JA Still Bas A Tew Seei'et MOST U.S. citizens pay little or no atten- 'piece' of paper in the place be locked in a safe at night." lion to the Central Intelligence Agency. All of that, of course is standard proce That, naturally, is. exactly the way the dure for ,any "spy sour . "spook agency" wants it. For one thing, In a generally critical treatment, Mc- there's not much point in one's being a spy (7ari ey cites a CIA critical That was its if somebody is looking over his shoulder all stealing of the Soviet Union's Sputnik while Th fist the time. Some notice in the news is inevitable. Every few days, it seems, somebody issues a . charge that the CIA controls the govern- iiient say, om Pari5l=a"?ii~izrillS this is fol- lowed by a countercharge that the CIA not only controls the government but that it also controls the government's opposition. The supposedly super-secret agency sup posedly has performed a variety of missions in Southeast Asia. It has a variety of agents, allegedly- uses special purpose aircraft, and so on. Most complaints a ainst the agency are to the effect that it doesn't just gather intelligence, but also engages in political and hacl made in alarnung . ascov -'- j ".i i_..-... w. ,.. 1 -1nrrlc agent, Patrick Mc(arvey. IIe noies, as d' - that at What most of these critics ignore is the plain fact that somebody has ordered these activities. The CIA still bears the stigma of its almost unbelievable bungling in the disas- trous Bay of Pigs "invasion." The truth is that the late President John if. Kennedy knew all about it in advance. The problem has perhaps been best ex- plained by Sen. John Stennis, chairman of the Armed. Services Committee..He once said: "If we are going to have a CIA, and we have to have a CIA, we cannot run it as a quilting society or something like that." Alleged "shortcomings" of the agency have been presented in a book, CIA-The Myth d the Madness. Its author is a former ;onstantly prowling the dark corridors a lriI Moreover, ,they insist that ever Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 it was on a world tour in i9o0. I earth satellite was returned after three hours of undetected inspection by a CIA team. 1 Perhaps McGarvey could have cited other bright spots except for the fact that no one agent knows too much about what other agents are up to. The CIA reviewed the book before publication, as provided by the secre- cy agreement it makes with all agents. It made only a few deletions, and those for security reasons. Maybe the people who really run the i CIA know about other outstanding feats but, .. nevertheless, would prefer that they not be` recalled in the public prints. / 'I. 'hey might even have celebratc;cl''the Sputnik coup with vodka toasts. SGeretly. Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 APR 191Z STATINTL CAMBODIA-LAOS The New York.Times reported Indonesia has admitted it is training 60 Cambodian soldiers in commando techniques in preparation for fighting the people in Cambodia. When the U.S. embassy in Jakarta was asked if the U.S. was paying the cost of training the' men, an American official replied: "No comment...... Pathet Lao forces in Laos continued to move-in on the large CIA base at Long Tieng.during the' last week in March. The liberation fighters have won so many victories that, "Both American and Laotian officials fear that if the defenders of Long Tieng were overwhelmed.. the morale of the irregular forces and the 56,000 other (puppet) troops would be shattered.... Americans concede a collapse in morale could prove to be an in- surmountable ornhton, " . ` BANGLADESH Sheik Mujibur Rahman, head of the Awami League regime in Bangladesh, has ordered his police to "shoot down" leftists who "engage in creating confusion and trouble" and blocking his reconstruction efforts. At the same time, reports of massive corruption in the highest government circles and of factions forming in opposition, to each other within the Awami League continue. UPI reported several thousand people demonstrated in Dacca, the capital. March 31, "against what they charged were malpractices in the distribution of relief food and supplies." The New York Times reported "some people are using the word 'chaos' to describe the workings of the government." Some in the Awami League, the Times charged, "have taken over truckloads of relief food in daylight, selling it later to the highest bidder .... Into'the vacuum created by the absence of effective government at' the local level have stepped several factions competing for power-Awami League politicians, student groups, former guerrilla leaders with armed followings, trade unions andCommunists, whose activities are reviving with Soviet.aid" .:.. Meanwhile in Los Angeles, Calif., last month, Eqbal Ahmad, a Pakistani scholar who is one of the Harrisburg 7 defendants. charged Sheik Mujib "has been on the payroll,of the CIA for 15 years," according .to a Los Angeles News Advocate quote. The News Advocate continued: "Ahmad said that Ysef Harson, a West Pakistani industrialist and trustee of the Chase Manhattan Bank who lives in New York, is (Mujibur's) contact. many: J Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 STATINTL 6APRZ19/2 Campaign bySoviet ~-W insBengaliFriends By SYDNEY H. SCIIANBERG Special to Tne New York 'rimes DACCA, Bangladesh -Not The Soviet Union backed American aid and a strong 'l U only have the Russians come, but they have a two-month head start on the Americans, who have only now recognized Bangladesh. . While American diplomats 'sat in unhappy isolation in Dac- ?ca, waiting for Washington to act, the Russians were travel- ing around the countryside, rnakin speeches and winning Bengali friends. Moscow's campaign to widen! From the evidence so far, it Its influence in this new nation would seem that the Soviet goal. .S. Move Is Welcomed the winners -- the Indians and American presence here- the Bengalis - and thus have almost desperately - to avoid i DACCA, Bangladesh, April 511 had an open field so far in becoming overly dependent on (UPI)---Sheik Mujihur Rahman~ the new nation. the Soviet Union and India. today welcomed United States Some nervous cold-warriors Before Sheik Mujib left on speak of a threat of Soviet his trip to Moscow a few weeks subversion here, but other ago, he appealed to Washing- foreign observers suggest that ton through the United States to subvert the present Govern- mission here for some clue to ment would only produce polit- its intentions. He wanted to ical chaos and leave Moscow have some bargaining power holding a hot potato, when he sat down with the skillful and ever etie. _--- ------- ".. I- -u-cu A.auvu~ is- independent state. I hoe this g. another stanch friend on lief operations for some assur- p p 'Soviet propaganda articles,' China's southern flank, while ante brat the United Nations will open a new chapter in the many of them virulently anti-; making life as difficult as pos- would undertake the crucial sal? development of friendly coop- ' American, appear frequently one sible for the United States here. vage operation to clear Chalna oration and understanding be- the editorial pages of the Ben-i "We don't want to make and Chittagong harbors of tween the United States and gali newspapers. Bangladesh Bangladesh anti-American," one mines and sunken hulks so that Bangladesh for the mutual ben- television carries three or four efit of our two peoples." Russian films a week, some of Soviet diplomat said with a relief supplies could start mov The Prime Minister also said, smile. "But at the same time, ing more swiftly into the coun them propaganda documenta- I take this opportunity to ~v? don t want it to be pia- try. No answer was forthcom-, ries and other feature films, thank. the people of the United American or pro-Chinese ing from United Nations head- States. and the press, for their such as "The Cranes Are Fly- either." quarters in New York. ing. The result was that the Rus-Isupport to our legitimate aspi C.LA. Plot Is Charged The Soviet Union recognized rations during our war of lib- Bangladesh on Jan. 24-the suns got the salvage contract, ? Articles about the United, first major power to do so. The and are now reportedly offer-ieration. States Central Intelligence Russians have sent trade and Foreign Minister Abdus Sa- lag the Bengalis military planes! ? Agency have begun to dot the youth and cultural experts here, mad referred briefly to the Bengali press. One with a ban- many of whom speak fluent as well as assistance in repair--United States recognition and ,nor headline in a leftist paper. Bengali. They have been tour- ing and expanding airfields. The hailed it as "a victory of the described an alleged plot to kill; ing Bangladesh, giving speeches latter offers are still under dis- freedom-loving people of Sheik M.ujibur Rahman, the at universities and in other cussion in the Bangladesh Gov-I America." Bangladesh Prime Minister. forums. Bangladesh - Soviet ernment. Mr. Samad expressed the. Western observers also . saw a friendship societies are pro-I The Bengalis art% iwRre tTnt I hope that "this will make wme ters to newspapers demanding that the Government "close the illegal American mission" here. The Soviet Union used to have a consulate general in Dacca with a staff of about 40. It now has an embassy with a staff of 70 or 80 and growing. In contrast, the American consular staff shrank to under 20, since officials evacuated during last year's guerrilla struggle and Indian-Pakistani war were not replaced. More important, the Amer- icans have been living in a diplomatic limbo. Because in the absence of recognition, the Bangladesh Government re- duced the status of the con- sulate to a mission. Nixon Policy a Factor All this stemmed from Pres- ident Nixon's support of Paki- stan throughout last year's at- tempt by the Pakistani Army to crush the Bengali autonomy movement and during the Indian-Pakistani war, out of which emerged the independent state of Bangladesh, in what was : formerly East Pakistan. The Chinese, too, backed Paki- "When a foreigner begins 'likely to provide will not make speaking in Bengali to a crowd i a dent in their war-induced here," said one Western diplo- economic crisis, and many say mnat, "they don't care what he that only the United States can says. They just start respecting him." The Russians also have been cementing their links with the newly legalized Communist party of Bangladesh and other' moderate leftist groups, while keeping a watchful eye on the more radical Maoist elements, which might be expected to try to undermine the Soviet friend- ship campaign. It Is easy for a Westerner, especially an American, to be-. come uneasy about the Russian influence here. Phrases peculiar to the So- viet lexicon, such as "scientific't socialism," have been creeping into the speeches of Bangladesh officials, including Sheik Mujib.!; Seek Balanced Relations I In the vacuum In which the Russians have been operating, it is natural for some of their propaganda to rub off. But Bangladesh officials, from Sheik Mujib on down, have made It clear in private con- .rrsrcat-innc tli t they went the level otVaid the Russians area contribution to the maintenance provide the magnitude of as- sistance that can help Bangla- desh move toward financial and political stability. Washington has pled zd over $100-million in relief aid. Butl all of this is being channelled) through the United Nations and has had no public impact as American aid. Although a large reservoir of public goodwill still exists here for Americans, American officials were getting a little nervous about. the possibility of anti-American demonstra-) tions. The diplomats at the Ameri- can mission were taking no chances. They bought a pair of large wire-cutters so that if a hasty retreat from their six- story building become neces- sary, they could snip through the fence that separates their roof from the next one and recognition of Bangladesh, an- nounced yesterday, and ex- pressed the hope that it would lead to friendly cooperation be- tween the two countries. In a short statement, tie Prime Minister said: "I am glad to learn that the United States has accorded formal recognition to Bangladesh as a soveriegn, of peace and stability in our region." ? News of the United States recognition was muted as the capital recovered from a se- vere storm last night that caused a seven-hour power blackout. Local newspapers came out with only four pages and pub- lished the news of the United States recognition on the front page in a box below banner headlines on the storm. There' was no editorial comment this' morning. slip away unnoticed through the) Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 YI?L :ii' :il.'i)1i P3SS1. Approved For Release 2007/1d/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 3 APR 1972 By Lee Lescaze ilinister Sheikh il9ujibur Rah- ntan was publicly criticized in Dacca today for the first time a 0 P _0~ 1- Y police should shoot Naxalites close confident of Mujib. It on sight. ;alleged an improbable con- "Be careful, Mujibur Rah- spiracy of Bhashani, the CIA, man," Bhashani said, "it is not and China against the Awami' written. on a man's body that League rulers. During the nine- he is a Naxalite. There is no month civil war that led to in- since Bangladesh gained inde- saying who is a Naxalite and dependence, Bhashani and the . endencc? nation's two Communist parties who is not. If there are bad pledged their support to AIu- ' In the first important speech elements, arrest them and jib to insure stability while 'bf political opposition to Muji- hang them. But no one should Bangladesh sought to rebuild bur's Awami League govern- {nent, leftist leader Maulana Bhashani, 92, told a rally of About 25,000 people, "1 warn the Awami League that if they don't. follow the right course. their dream will be shattered." The unified 'pojitical sup- port for Mujib that existed after independence was won Dec. 16 has been cracking in a'ecent weeks primarily over inadequate food distribution in.'the countryside and charges that Awami League members are abusing their.pover to en- rich themselves. Alen who had nothing but a 'hut before independence are its economy and provide food be shot without a trial." and housing for its 75 million; Repeated reports have people, many of whom lost all reached Dacca of political their possessions during the killings between members of war. the .lwami League and fol- But these political parties' lowers of Bhashani. In the arc acutely aware" that in the' most recent in'eicjcnt, soldiers Bangladesh constitutional as- as- and A%vanii Leaguers report- the first which will , meet for! the; edly attacked Bhashani's sup- the frst time next holds all but': porters yesterday at a public one of the hea455 cue seats. . Dealing one of hall in Dinajpur. northeast of from its power base, the Dacca. According to a gov- Awami League ' has done lit-' ernment source, eight persons tle to insure the continued! were killed, but' unofficial ac- support of other political i counts nut the casualties groups but has chosen to rule much higher. the administration, the press Bhashani told an interview- and the nation's semi-nation- er redently that 20,000 of his alined industrial system with men have been killed since in- what its opponents charge dependence but that figure is?are dictatorial methods. discounted as grossly exagge-! rated, even by some Bhashani' supporters in Bangladesh,. Bhashani 'told his cheering where communications are; supporters. Looting by the very bad and rumors circulate,; Awami League and its student quickly. In Dacca all reports followers must. stop, he said, of violent clashes are hard to The aged leader of the left wing of the National Awami Party also addressed himself tp:a new, extremely explosive issue here. Last Friday llu,jib told a rally in Khulna that > .roblems of law and order in verify. - Leftists, particularly Bha? shani's men, fear that the government is going to use its present power to smother po- litical opposition. Bhashani and his followers'" the countryside are largely are known to be angered by.{ caused by Naxalite (Maoist recent statements in the gov, ominunist) bands., and..; that eranent-controlled press al-` `" leging the problems of Bang-` ladesh are at least partly the. .result of vaguely described' 'conspiracies against the na .tion. The most inflammatory ..article appeared in Bangli Bani (Voice of Bengal) which `is 'edited by a .nephew and Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 Februai Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 - V ui JJ1 JiN ItL ltL ()j{ll - SENATE ly move to ratify this treaty and pass the . There being no objection, the reports party Implementing legislation n _ s o before I was President-that were ordered to be printed in the RECORD, we should withdraw from CENTO and as follows: SEATO. This is only a personal feeling, That U.S. POLICY IN .SOUTI3 ASIA INTERVIEW Wrrl; PRESIDENT 813IITT0 OD' Is unless,'on reconsiderating CENTO, we can PAIZ.ISTAN revitalize it. And I would like to strengthen Mr. ROTH. Mr. President, the knowl- RAWAI,PINDI, PAKISTAN: FOllOwin are ex- our bilateral U.S. agreement, SEATO is of edgeable New York Times columnist, Mr. cerpts from an interview with President turn less concern depends a on West what Pakistan happens ppenIn its au- C. L. Sulzberger, has been traveling in Zulfikar Alf Bhutto of Pakistan conducted in it the East. South Asia, where he has interviewed English by C.L. Sulzberger of The New York shat ROLE value OF is II the U.N. e U. NATIONS Prime Minister Gandhi of India, Presi- Times' gresto the victim of dent Bhutto of Pakistan, and Prime Q. What has been the value of Pakistan of? aggression? Minister Mujibur Rahman of Bangla- the CENTO and SEATO alliances and the A. I am sorry I used harsh words before bilateral defense agreement with the United the U.N. but our situation was then desper- desh. Mr. Sulzberger's reporting pro- States? vides some valuable insights into the A. Certainly the alliances did Mot come into feel ate and I differently now. away. The U.N. has b has b I don'- thinking of these three important lead- operation either during the present crisis or een o dered ineffective by misuse of f tilt veto. I only nly ers. What they told him was of special the 1965 war. And the latest conflict, in hope the General Assembly can be made more interest to me because of a speech on our which India was supported by another power, active under the uniting for peace resolution. policy in South Asia that I delivered here was even more severe. Nor was there any dis- This should assume a mandatory rather than earlier this month. pute about the fact that we were the victims a recommendatory character, At that time I urged that we adopt a of aggression. As an ally we surely didn't ex- Q. ,Are you seeking to negotiate any new balanced approach in South Asia. By th pect to be e future wie hope that ourlown military don exampl?!th the United States or China, for that I meant that we should avoid in- fellses will be more secure. A. Certainly this would be to our interest vtlvement in the internal disputes of the We want to improve our relations with all and, as I told you, I hope something can be region and should seek the friendship of countries but, particularly, we base our hopes done with your country. I also put the subject all the nations located there, on new relationships with the United States, up to the Chinese, even before I went to r. Sulzberger's dispatches offer re- a turn for the better. We are already grateful Peking on my recent trip. China already assuring lz ergee that atcs is indeed a for your recent actions. The enemy's on. knew there were many public demands here slaught against West I'akiston would have for a defense pact. But when I discussed this feasible course for us. Each of the leaders continued unabated if the United States had with the Chinese leaders they stressed that interviewed was receptive to measures not given a firm ultimatum warning the it was Common interest rather than pacts that. would improve relations with the hostilities must cease. The Soviet Union un- which mattered. United States, derstood the signal and then pressed India to They pointed out that they had had a de- Even Bangladesh Prime Minister acept a cease-fire. I know this is true. I have Yense pact with another Communist country, Mujibur Rahman, who castigated our just been in Peking and Chou En-lai con- the Soviet Union, and now look where that Government for "Striding arms t0 the firmed this to me. stands. They said their policy was now averse Pakistanis who were murdms t Therefore I think that the world and my to pacts but that mutual interests were bet- US," own people should know that the United ter and produced more binding ties. stressed his determination that Bang- States, in the interests of peace, and civilized And I must admit we saw this ourselves in ladesh maintain a nonalined- position conduct among states, did put its foot down. CENTO and SEATO. India marched into that would permit friendly ties with all If there had been no U.S. Intervention, India Dacca on the back of the Soviet Union and nations, including the United States, would have moved hard against Azad Kash- certainly CENTO should have acted. And In my earlier speech, I also pointed Out mir (the part of Kashmir under Pakistani In developing our foreign policy now we must that one of the major hindrances to good control] and also on the southern front in henceforth assume that India is no longer relations with both India and Pakistan Sind. acting Independently but makes all its moves WA ion provision th b h I di to td P Court- Unfortunately, under the supine and stupid in accordance with its 1971 treaty with the wits. I of time and our leadership of Yahya Khan [the previous Soviet Union. We must assume that they are again president, now under arrest] our people acting irxconcert. participation in the arms trade had in- were given no direction. They were subject- COMMONWEALTH RELATIONS volved us in the longstanding quarrels of ed to confused and contradictory orders that India and Pakistan. could only have been issued under the swa Q. What have you lost by leavhtg, the That these dangers are still with us of Svengi. y commonwealth? becomes very, clear from reading Mr. ' VALIDITY OF TREATIES A. When I was Foreign Minister I saw the necess of analyzing trens and Salzberger's interview with President Q. Do you regard the two alliances and the ba singipoIicy on them. Thustoneecould see the Bhutto. The Pakistani leader stated bilateral pact with the U.S.A. as still valid? American mood as turning against pacts .plainly that he hoped to het American A. Certainly they remain legally valid. But and wanted to recast policy from the bases of aid to rebuild Pakistan's armed forces, politically and militarily they have become the nineteen-fifties. Balance of payments No doubt our Government will sooner or Ineffective, i do not plan to make any formal position was bad. There was the horror of later be forced to decide whether to pro- changes in our own relationships. i would Vietnam, a feeling that the U.S.A. was over- late the arms Mr. Bhutto whether t prefer to leave the final determination on stretched, a refusal to be a world policeman, g? these questions to the National Assembly, Likewise Britain felt overstretched and saw vid is The case for doing so is a weak one, especially while Indian forces continue to that it belonged to Eurone. It was no longer a It will be difficult to justify new arms occupy part of West Pakistan and all of the great power and could not even hope to play shipments on the grounds we have used East. But my personal view is that the bi- Greece to the American Rome because. the in the past; namely, that we are combat- lateral understanding with the United States U.S.A. understands the game better. Ing Communist expansionism and that can be kept intact-with a clearer under- Thus it was inevitable for Britain to change we must support those who are allied standing of each country's obligations. This its position. And Commonwealth conferences with us against the Communist threat, will require a meeting of minds, and also are useless. They just let off steam and some redrafting. After all, a qualitative Vernom. I'd rather In his remarks Mr. Bhutto makes l c ear work out problems on a that he wants arms for Pro not change has taken place in this region since more rational, bilateral basis. I want to im- against China or the Soviet tClulna but vet Union Thisigall wsyIndia, a chanceSo to grow ulturally. Bait Bwe a won't reopen the against India. And insofar as existing create greater havoc in the entire area from Commonwealth chapter. alliances are concerned, M1?. Bhutto says Nepal to Afghanistan, Iran and the Persian Q. What was the upshot of your trip to he personally believes Pakistan ShOU]d Gulf. Our own physical dismemberment now Peking this month? withdraw from SEATO and CENTO. The exposes other countries to arroount Indian A. China has stood by us as a" friend and bof proof clearly lies with the ad- expansionism, neighbor in two wars, 1965 and 1971. We burden urde s of arms shipments to explain why We must look for new arrangements. Ob- want a profound dialogue with them just resumption would be in the interests of Asia and the doesn't ewant tto sees a all intest Ili dr stic shift as we Peking found encouragement 1on this. one With the United Sttes. And the United States. in Pekin In the balance of power. And we want a The Chinese understood our viewpoint and Mr. President, i believe that the full genuine dialogue with the United States on liked it. I found a sympathetic atmosphere reports of Mr. Sulzberger's interviews this new situation. ,for such a dialogue. would be great value to the many Sena- Of course we. have good and fraternal rela- Q. I have heard reports here of new troop tors who are concerned about South Asia. tions with the other CLNTO members just movements in Kashmir and the I ask unanimous consent that they be Britain althoughwe ,have left thy Common ofA Y there. inghconcernIsleiIfn- printed in the RECORD. wealth. But I feel-as I made plain in my diana are moving In And you musn't forget Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 STATINTL SAN DIEGO, CAL. INDEPENDENT F 3 20) 19 SEMI-WEEKLY - 190,000 Gregory aims wit at racism At a Thursday morning press conference in San Diego City College's new television studio, comedian Dick Gregory dished out his customary ration of acerbic words for the way business is "taken care of" in America. Gregory teed off on a variety of topics fielded from the floor before moving on to two performances in Russ Auditorium at noon and 8 p.m. Looking trim and fit despite (or because of) a year-long fast on fruit juices to protest the Vietnam War and the oppression of Third World movements, the black activist carried off with remarkable dispatch one of his 300-odd yearly college-circuit lec- tures. In response to a question as to whether or not he believed a black man could be elected Vice-President, Gregory lauded Senator Edmund Muskie's honesty in doubting that prospect, decrying in- stead the assertions of President Nixon and Vice President Spiro Agnew to the contrary. Gregory felt certain the Vice Presidency is someday attainable by a black man, but added that the election of a black woman, i.e., Shirley Chisholm, may be t more difficult due to con- ; ditions of sexism which prevail in the country in ad- dition to inherent racism. Gregory welcomed white . involvement in the civil rights movement as long as whites were committed 'to helping, rather than leading the cause. He felt that not only should unconditional amnesty be extended to draft resisters and deserters, but also that men who fulfilled their obligations should be guaranteed two full years of unemployment compensation if jobs could not be secured in its stead. Further, Gregory recom- mended the compensation for combat deaths should be raised retroactively to a value commensurate .with the in- flation over the period of time from World War II to present, pointing out that the price of an American life ($10,000) is one of the few items which has not increased since that time. Gregory indicted the hypocrisy of U.S. conduct in the Indo-Pakistani crisis last fall, tracing administration commitment to Pakistan to a full-scale G,involvement in funding and support r the Pakistani army. He continued that U.S. military is not in any sense a humanitarian organization and that an analysis of maps showing U.S. military placement of bases around U.S. economic and natural resource interests. Citing a calculated distrust of two-party politics, Gregory dismissed any support of left- wing candidates who fail to eschew their affiliations with either the Democratic or Republican party, remarking "...even if God himself ran as - a Democrat, I'd haN a to sit this one out..." Gregory affirmed that he nei~her smokes marijuana nor specifically endorses its la.galization, but attributes widespread use of the drug to the convenience of the family medicine cabinet, where, youth learns its most significant lessons about the.; use of narcotics. Ile places i heavy blame on the cigarette 1 industry for concealing its knowledge of smoking's manifold dangers, and, describes alcoholism as being the primary drug problem in' erica. / Using insights he has gained during his fast, the comedian plans to write a book on health and nutrition which will follow the publication of his most .. recent work, "Dick Gregory's Political Primer." Finally, Gregory revealed that he likes San Diego, if only because of the temperate weather and the fact that he likes to "tune in to other things wherever I . r am." Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 STATINTL 8 FE 8 1972 Eight more states recognize Bangla Desh DACCA - The government of Bangla Desh under Premier Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was recognized on Feb. 4 by eight more countries - Austria, Britain, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Sweden, West Germany and Israel - and Holland and Japan said they would grant recognition soon. ' The announcements coincided with a government statement that mass graves of persons executed by West Pakistan troops of former Premier Yahya Khan were being unearthed in three areas of Bangla Desh. Some bodies were tentatively identified as those of Bengali intel- lectuals, professionals and leading citizens. Bangla Desh authorities hve.said that the victims had been "fingered" for the West Pakistan forces by U.S. Central Intelligence Agency operatives with assistance from Peking officials. I Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 4 FEB 1972 Fib 0, 6i ~ PrIo that OA gave 'pon n -a . I V O ; O e names to Pakc1nfl c4 for rS By VICTOR PEIRLO DACCA, Bangla Desh (By de- layed mail) - Under the banana trees of what was the village of Sialbari on the northeast outskirts of Dacca. we saw gruesome evi- dence of the mass murder of Ben- gali civilians by thugs operating under instructions of the.Pakistan Army of repression. Piles of human bones, skulls, whole skeletons were everywhere. We saw arm bones, with '_ropes tying the victims' hands together behind their backs still intact; pelvis bones, with scraps of the victims' trousers. We saw a 60-foot well filled with skeletons of the murdered ones, partly buried in mud and dirt from the monsoon rains. We saw bones split off in ways indicating tor- tures practiced on the victims before execution. We saw the remnants of mud dwelling walls, and the half-walls remaining of the mosque - all that was left of the burned-out village. There dered victims inside the mosque village inhabitants except for one -murdered in the name of Islam! 'fortunate escapee. All was crudely bestial at this Thereafter the Pakistan Army Buchenwald of colonialism-lack- used the site for continuing mass ing the mechanization and organi- executions of Dacca students and d f th h zation of the Nazi murder factor- ies. It was disorganized murder, like that conducted by U.S. airmen and troops at the endless My Lais of Vietnam. Leaders of the Bangla Desh peace movement who took us there told us some details: The murders began March 25, when the Pakistan Army began its genocidal attack against the Bengali people. The first victims were the inhabitants of Sialbari. The nearby Dacca suburbs of Mir- pur and Mohammadpur are in- habited mainly by non-Bengalis, who had fled from India at the time of partition 25 years ago. .Inflamed with communal ha- tred against the Bengalis, they supported the Pakistan army of suppression. With Pakistan Army weapons and general guidance, men among them acted as execu- tioners. They slaughtered all the e very ay oe o .workers until t Pakistani surrender, December 16. Students and workers were sub- ject to mass arrest and execution, because the Pakistan authorities considered them to be the main supporters of independence. Aw- ami League and Communist poli- tical leaders were also subject to arrest and murder. Truckloads of victims were tak- en out, blindfolded and arms tied behind their backs, to be tortured and killed by the collaborating murderers. Any Bengali ventur- ing into the Urdu-speaking sub- urbs, if spotted, was immediately killed. Some of the Bengali intel- lectuals murdered during the last jays of Pakistani rule met their end at Sialbari. The killing was based on com- munalism, that long-standing blight on the political-life of the Hindustan subcontinent. As ever, it was egged on by imperialism, this time, we were told, by U.S. ?imperialism via the CIA. The Bengalis say a CIA official, working with the Pakistan Army, provided lists of names for execu- tion. The Government, we were told, has firm evidence of this, which will'be made public when the Government investigation of war crimes takes place. Later the killing spread over the country, to the villages, as the peasants gave aid and shelter to ,the tens of thousands of guerrillas who took'tu'the field of battle. Perlo was part of a World Peace Council delegation headed by Isa- belle Blume, veteran Belgian peace leader, and former, parlia- ment member. It also included 'Maria Maluenda, Chilean actress and former Deputy; Alfred Nzo, general secretary of the African National Congress; Guenther Dre- fahl, chairman of the GDR Peace Committee; Anatoli Kutsenkov, Soviet specialist on Indian af- fairs; Mamoud Tobbo, Lebanese peace activist; and Chitta Biswas, Secretary of the Indian Peace Committee. Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 3TATINTL _2FED1972 By RICK. NAG IN NEW YORK, Feb. 1 - "The Bangla Desh ship of state has unfurled its sails and is moving away from the dock," victor Perlo stated at a press conference here today upon his return from Bangla Desh. "President Nixon," he added, "Bangla Desh is recovering "had better jump on board or else from the' war and the atrocities he will fall into the sea." committed by the Pakistani Perlo, chairman of the National army," Perlo said, "but it is in Economics Commission of the great need of aid." Communist Party, had -gone to He said the U.S. had special Bangla Desh as part of a delega- responsibility to provide aid be- tion of eight. representing' the cause of the support it gave to the World Peace Council. It was the Pakistani mass murderers. ' The first outside delegation to be in- U.S., he said, should ship food, vited to Bangla Desh by the coun- medical supplies, building mater- try's foreign minister, Ahmed ials, educational materials and Samad Azad. spare parts and replacements for The delegation was headed by American equipment. In addition, Isabelle Blume, a former member the U.S. should provide free for- of the Belgian parliament, and in- eign currency. cluded representatives from the African National Congress, Leb- anon, German Democratic Repub- lic, Chile, Soviet Union and India. Met Mujibur Raman The delegation met with Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, Prime Minister of Bangla Desh, and the heads of government' departments, and .traveled extensively in the coun- tryside. Much aid, he noted, is now being flown in from the socialist coun- tries and India, and many wound- ed are being treated in hospitals in these countries. Returning to normal "Life in Bangla Desh," Perlo said, "is gradually returning to normal. The jute factories are now operating at 50 percent capa- city and by the middle of this Xear the communication and transpor- tation network will be completely repaired. By the end of the year the economy should be essentially back to normal." Sheikh Mujibur Rahman told him, he said, ".We have resources, land and people. Our job now is to put them together." The Sheikh also expressed deep friendship for the American peo- ple but was fearful of intrigue by ,J the CIA. Bangla Desh leaders, Perlo said, charge that the CIA was actively involved in the Pakistani atrocities. The details of this in- volvement, he said will be brought out when the war crimes trials are begun. War criminals and cot- laborators, he added, are still be ing rounded up and a full-scale -investigatioq}s being planned. Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 ~wEl~ , COL_ _ ROCKY MT. NEWS STATINTL - 192,279 S _ 209 , 887 N"N 2 6 172 By DON TATE Scripps-Howard Stall Writer DACCA, Bangladesh - Prime Minister Mujibur Rahman Tuesday accused the Nixon administration of { playing dirty during Bangladesh's fight for freedom and showed a tough stance on ' 'epting possible U.S. aid. In an exclusive interview in. !.d not' Nixon have pro- I which he twice apologized for test d it? Countries - are not, emotion that brought him near chew pieces to be moved about. tears, the prime Countries are people, bleeding minister, who re- people. turned from IM- "In my country nobody could; nrisonment in come out in the'street. Any girl West Pakistan who came out could be picked! only two weeks up like this. Big businessman, ago, told Scripps- intellectual, anybody, shot. shot, Howard News- shot. Girls raped in front of papers : their mothers, mothers raped in e He's con- front of their sons .. s vinced the Amer- Tate "At my house, an innocent I ican people are child of two years, saying Jai in full sympathy with him but he cannot understand why the Nix- on administration "played dirty. helping the Pakistani army with But how could Muslims do what they did to other Muslims? he was asked. "People who cannot he human beings cannot be Muslims," Mu- jib said. "Their soldiers are not human beings. How can they be Muslims?" On socialism the prime minis- ter said his country could achieve socialism through "Mu- jib-bad"-Mujib's philosophy. He insisted it would develop pKagmatically through Demo-! cratic processes. Ile stressed de-1 mocracy again and again and said: "In whatever we do, that) will always be our guiding word. We have seen enough of the oth-I er way.'. l3angia (long live nengai) was ;'stand. ... They know that noth- kiiled and a Pakistani flag planted on its _hcad., They've. ' in,., can purchase my head, killed a doctor, an eye special- prime minister or no prime min- ist, by taking his eyes out ister, prestige or no prestige." They have killed a heart ' On the practical side, he said first . ? He welcomes aid Ameri- specialist by taking his heart his people are destittItc but that cans provided privately but out. They even killed the ant- aid is flowing in, that law and doesn't want-U.S. government orals in the zoo. Were the Na- I order is essentially under con- aid-"How can I accept it?" But zis worse than 'this. Was trol, that his own political con- he softened that later, saying he Genghis Khan?" trol is unquestioned by all ex- would accept U.S. aid if the On American aid the prime cept the tiniest minority of United States recognized Bang- ? minister declared: "The Ameri- extreremists and that the ~Zukti ladesh. can government has stopped aidxt guerrillas are beginning) ? He regards himself as fac- to India. What for? Because In-' I to lay down their arms as he re- building an almost impossible task of dig supported my liberation H quested. buildin a nation but he will ac- movement. Now first of all they g I FOOD SITUATION complish it. (the Nixon administration) must I "The American people are not talk with India. They must say ) On the food situation, which against me," he said. "The they're sorry. Because India has he says could grow serious soon, American people are in full suffered for us. Mrs. (Indira) he expressed confidence that sympathy with me. Gandhi (India's prince minister) self-sufficiency in food could be "What were we, fighting for? has suffered for us. We stand by achieved within a couple of To save my people from oppres- them as a friendly country. years once a joint flood control sion and persecution of the Paki-' _. "I have heartfelt gratitude for program with India is worked stani army. Did the American I the prime minister of India. She out: ' government not know? The is a great lady. My 10 million "If we can control the floods,. American government has mis- people have migrated and she then we can produce so much slonaries here. The American has given them food, shelter and food in our rich, fertile soil that government has an information accommodation." we will no longer require food ranch here. The American gov- DIRECT AID from outside." (Agency) ee a Ccb eTihe The Asked if the American govern- As for future ties with West cnoce te -, branch. . T inert had approached him at all American government gets Pakistan, 31ujib boomed, ~ every information of what is in terms of direct aid, the prime nearly spilling his tea. "Fin. don't in Bangladesh. minister replied first: "No I don't want it"-then softened it fished forever it is finished, JOURNALISTS "American journalists- avere writing, senators were protest- ' ing. (Sen. Edward M.) Kennedy: came here.'and protested. Why ,was the administration against us?' This was not Vietnam. Wei to, "How can I accept it? They we want nothing to do with mist fiest give to India ... but tliein. You can stay with peo- the American people are helping plc who are civilized, but you me. They have made a citizens committee. They are collecting cannot stay with people who dollars. Sen. Kennedy and oth- are uncivilized." ers. they are collecting help..I'll T,, mal aid from the United States l if the American government recognized Bangladesh, he re- plied : "Then, it is all right." As for the tasks ahead, he said he did not think any man ever faced doing so much with so little: "We are starting from zero. But my people love me and 1 love them, They will wait. They will suffer, but they will stand by me ..." When he talks about his rela- tionship with his people the pow- er of Sheikh Mujib turns on full volume. His voice, with its full- throated. actors' range, half Southern preacher, half Charles Boyer fairly trembles with emo- tion : "If you speak from the heart with sincerity the people under- were not__fightir- ?" A.,,a,.i-ii....,,,..,..l,.,. . Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 J Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 STATINTL India's Press !ntezsi!ies Anti-U.S. Sentiment `-CARL T. ROWAN CALCUTTA - The dispatch out of Bangladesh says that a "genocide enquiry commis- sion': will be given allegations that "the American organiza- tion, theSJ, and the military jadviser oT'tlie former governor conspired in killing intellecu- tals of Bangladesh." One of the largest Bengali language dailies in this teem- ing city of 7 million people carried this attempt to blame the United States for atrocities committed by West Pakistan soldiers, reporting that "au- thentic documents on this con- spiracy have been recovered. it is learned." -., A dispatch out of Bombay quotes "unimpeachable 'sources" as saying that "it was the American submarine, Fargo, which torpedoed the (Indian frigate Khukri) in the high seas between Bombay and Karachi" in the first week ,of December. This attempt to blame the ,United States for the sinking of the Indian vessel appeared in the Hindustan Standard, one of the largest English-language dailies, and in Ananda Bazar Patrika, the Bengali daily with the largest circulption in In- dia. U.S. Ambassador Kenneth Keathing called this report .'`totally false" and pointed out that there is no American nu- clear submarine named Far- o. The chief of staff of the Indian navy told a press con- ference recently that it was a Pakistani submarine that sank the Khukri. But news stories and editori- als continue to pin the attack. on the U.S. Navy. ."CIA Conspiracy' to Foil Bangladesh Revolution" screams the headline from Darpan, a' Bengali weekly. It reports from Dacca, without attribution to anyone, claims that the. CIA and "Indian vest- ed interests" are plotting against the new country and that Bangladesh has "set up a special cell to watch on the CIA and its agents." These are just samples of the journalistic fever, the press paranoia, that evidences one fact: U.S. relations with India have been bad during past crises, but they have nev- er been worse than now. And there is slim hope for improve- ment very soon. I visited Asoke K. Sarkar, managing director and editor of the Standard and Ananda Bazar Patrika, the papers that kept accusing the United Stat- es of sinking the Indian ship despite even Indian govern- ment denials. I asked Sarkar when these emotional attacks might end - when there might be some improvemept in U.S.-Indian relations. "Not as long as Nixon and Kissinger are in power," Sar- kar said, "and I expect Nixon to win another term. Sarkar's papers, like many others, take the line that they still like Americans but they hate Nixon and Kissinger. Nonetheless, the attacks 'go far beyond the two men in the White House, portraying the Pentagon, as pushing a war strategy in which Americans incite Asians to kill each oth- er, deploring U.S. foreign aid as a foul attempt to buy up countries and, of course, whip- ping the Central Intelligence Agency as an omnipresent, al- most -but-not-quite-omnipotent international ogre. Sarkar is in fact an enigmat- ic example of the deterioration in Indo-American relations. He was for years an outspoken friend of the United States but is now one of the most intem- perate critics. In mid-December the Bengali weekly Darpan, which has leanings toward the Com- munist party-Maoist -26 JAN 1372 branch-had a front-page sto- ry that "Darpan understands from a reliable source that Abhik Sarkar, eldest son of the proprietor of the Ananda Ba- zar Patrika-Hindustan Stand- ard group of newspapers, has been supplying unauthorized war news to a suspicious news agency, Asian News Service.' Its headquarters are at Manila and Hong Kong. Both are ju- risdictions of the ill-famed CIA." Darpan claimed that only after charges of the CIA link surfaced did Ananda Bazar Patrika begin to write anti- American editorials. Several editors and others here say that the Communist parties will realize what Asoke Sarkar called "maximum ben- efit out of this situation creat- ed by Nixon and Kissinger." This volatile, poverty stricken, highly emotional state of West Bengal is where they might make the most of anti- Americanism. The Maoist branch of the Communist party won 111 seats in the West'Bengal As- sembly in the 1971 mid-term poll whereas Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's Congress Par- ty won only 105 (total seats: 280) and had to join with the Russian-leaning Communist party and other s p l i n t e r groups to form a ruling coali- tion. That coalition fell apart quickly and West Bengal is now ruled from Delhi. New elections occur here in March and Mrs. Gandhi al- ready is campaigning heavily to help her party exploit her new popularity gained in the military triumph over Paki- stan and the "liberation of East Bengal." Her party is expected to gain several seats, but there is uneasiness that the Commu- nists may p a r, l a y anti Americanism into stunning'' gains of their own. This- fear may explain Indi an government leaks to news papers about "letters pouring in" from the American people, praising Mrs. Gandhi and de- ploring the Nixon-Kissinger- i policies. "Whatever conspiracy may, have been hatched against In-. dia and Bangladesh by the' Nixon administration, these letters prove that the U.S. gov- ernment is detached from the people of its own country," says K a I a n t a r, another. Bengali daily. ' But it may not be so easy td steer West Bengalis away from the simplistic notion that-, during the - crisis "the Rus- sians were our friends and the Americans were our enemies, so let's vote Communist." Ex- cept that Mrs. Gandhi is going to remind them that the Com= munist party she fears most leans to China, which was on- Pakistan's side. The question is whether vot- ers will hear this distinction' over the din of anti-U.S. rheto-- ric. r.. _~~. . Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 The Stanford Weekly -13 Jan 1972 enq-Ji. West Bengal (India) traded' guns, and other small arms, are refusing to surrender their weapons to the Awami League Maoists=-equipped with light machine guns, sten . Today, the guerrillas-most of them are not government or its Indian Army auies. extensively and profitably with 'East Pakistan.. Now Calcutta businessmen hope to resume old business ties. One of India's motives for invading was fear of the growing, leadership of local leftists in the Bangladesh liberation movement. These groups-virtually ignored by the American press-wished to create a socialist Bangladesh, At long last-a television war. the chief South Asian adviser to independent of India as well as Every night we watched to see i Senator Edward Kennedy, reports Pakistan. Even before the who was winning, to count that "refugees from East Pakistan, Pakistani civil war began in March, casualties, and to give thanks that who have entered eastern India in 1971, the East Pakistan we wouldn't have to fight. And, . several surges beginning in 1947, C o m m u n i s t P a r t y after a few weeks, it ended. Indian have tended to join extremist (Marxist-Leninist) had organized troops - occupy Bangladesh political factions.... guerrilla bands, killed several attempting "to keep the peace" . Worker's Rebellion, landlords, and distributed land to and disarm the Bengali guerrilla Discontent among the natives the peasants. Just before the forces. Sheik Mujibur Rahman, of West Bengal (the Indian Indian invasion the Far Eastern ? the President of : ahgladesh, is province surrounding Calcutta) Economic Review reported fierce freed from a West Pakistan jail also threatens the authority of the fighting between the Maoists and C after nine months of Indian government. West Bengal the Awami-League-backed imprisonment and is returning landowners and employers have guerrillas in East Bengal. home. hired many of the refugees, Armed Guerrillas 4 Why did it happen? What now? lowering wages and forcing many Today, the guerrillas-most of When Indian policy-makers Indians out of work in an area them are not Maoists-equipped decided to intervene in East with already sizable with light machine guns-, sten Bengal - (East Pakistan or unemployment. While there have guns, and other small arms are Bangladesh) this November, they been reports of clashes between refusing to surrender their were . responding to a series of native wage-earners and refugees, weapons to the Awami League economic and political crises. the real threat to India is the government or its Indian Army Though masses of anti-Moslem, specter of a rebellion by West allies. The Mukti Bahini control anti-Pakistani Indians had been Bengali workers. many areas of Bangladesh, demonstrating in the streets since India has tried to contain the including the banks, the offices, March, the war fever only made it refugees in isolated camps. The and the local treasury. A large easier for Indian leaders to go to vernment even hired several proportion of the guerrillas are war, thousand young men to try students who are radicalized and Refugee Burden curbing extremist agitation in and want the struggle to be carried to Ten ,million East Bengali around the refugee camps. Indian its logical end.-They do not want refugees now living in India have officials contended that the any "going back" on their been a tremendous burden on the refugees should return to their revolution. Indian economy. Resources, homes, but the bulk of the "We want an exploitation-free, ncludin9 foreign aid originally refugees would not return so long socialist, democratic society with intended for India, have been as Pakistani troops occupied East social ownership over modes of reallocated for the refugees. The Bengal. And ' as long as the production,". one of them told a total expenditure on refugees this refugees remain in India, they ere . reporter. fiscal year will be at least 20% of a political liability for Mrs. The Awami League elite, which the entire Indian budget. Gandhi's government. . basked in the sunshine of the Mrs. Gandhi's government was .7Mukti Bahini's guerrilla worried about the potential . On the other hand, a ' operations, is now in power after. political explosiveness of the ten Oro-Indian B a n g l a d esh nine months in the relative 'million refugees. India feared that government will be an asset to comfort of exile, in India. They the Bangladesh struggle would India's economy. Before do not relish such talk. They spill over into an already unstable independence in .1948, Indian would like the guerrillas to be West Bengal. John P. Lewis, businessmen in Calcutta ran the disarmed before the Indian Army formed AID directo- :- '"`' '- - "- ? -- __ ? 1_.:t ,ncc .. . - Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 STATI NTL . NEW Ynulr 'Tliw e Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 i 1 Litt; 14,11 STATINTL -From 2 .R?etaort ' rs' Notebooks . In Pakistani-Held Dacca, With the Indian Army War Swirls Into a Hotel-Neutral Zone By JAMES P. STERBA ,peelel to The i\ew York Times DACCA, Pakistan, Dec. 20- Dacca would have tour show- Notes on a 14-day stay in ings today of "Operation Cross- Dacca, during the Indian-Pak!- bow," starring Sophia Loren. stani war: A paid notice said: "Begum rets to an- on the traffic circle in front of all afternoon u fire kee p p 3 Badrunnessa reg Dec. , pounce that in view of unavoid- Father Timm, an American the American Consulate, but "I not essential that say it one die of cancer or r in in a car,able circumstances the mar-ipriest, has organized basket- on are the fleeing, edges of town people carrying what accident. I say, why not die riage and walima receptions 11 ball games at Notre Dame Col- doing a,fine job for your coun- scheduled for Dec. 5 and 8 re- lege here every Monday,! belo At tile gings hotel they acan. n attendant try and take a few of those spectively on the occasion ofWednesday and Friday since! discovers a bomb in the devils with you." the wedding of Ruhul Amin and the crisis began months ago. If ground-floor women's toilet. . Col. Hakeem Arshad Razia Ahmed have been called; enough people turn up this The hotel security . officer, Lieut. 39 years old, expressed off. Inconvenience caused to the i afternoon, he says, there will ;Asgher Beg, disarms it and the fatalism of his men best. invitees is very much regretted." be a game. !carries it out to the swimming' His regiment, the 26th Frontier Dec. 6 Dec. 8 !pool. The word spreads through Force, was defending Dinajpur Hotel service is fine but The hotel workers are dig- the hotel and relaxed expres- in the far northwest against. laundry is considered a gamble ging slit trench air-raid shelters Sloes become frowns of worry. Indian probing and shelling in now. Hugh Breadford Syme, in the back lawn near the I An hour later Red Cross of- the morning. The Indian inva the Scottish chef, has been 1swimming pool. ficials announce that as of 5 'sion started a few hours later- cooking on charcoal to feed More bombing of the airport P.M. the hotel and the nearby at about teatime. I about 400 people a meal since !this morning, and more and Holy Family Hospital. will be Diplomats have only fuzzy he ran out of bottled gas two 'more cars are topped with declared neutral zones. For- eigners awaiting evacuation reports and military phones weeks ago. He's been here four bushes, twigs and leaves. "If and those Pakistanis already in don't answer. The Dacca radio months and hasn't received a this keeps up, Dacca isn't going residence can stay. No weap- announces an immediate cur- !paycheck yet. to have any foliage left," some- ens are allowed, and the big few and blackout. There is a Six raiding planes swoop one says. poker game by candlelight at over the hotel, dropping pods Jeff Lungu, an exchange problem is collecting all those the Hotel Inter-Continental, that burst into orange flames medical student from Malawi, already inside. Dec. 4 and black smoke near the air- has been here for six years try- At 5:40 P.M.. just after an-' port runway. ing to get his degree. He was, other MIG completes a bonib Fireworks. The first wave of A family appears on the roof evacuated in March just be- ing run, hotel workers hoist a air raids-Indian jet fighters fore final exams, then went to wooden sign with red letters --comes at about 3 A.M. rock- and a television correspon- dent says: "You're crazy. ! Karachi and took his exams on the front of the hotel. It sting and strafing. Tracers fill They're firing ack-ack around! there. reads: "Neutral Zone Interna- the sky from ground gunners. here -you could get killed." 1 The Government flunked tional Red Cross Geneva." The war has come to Dacca. The mother snaps, "Hey, you! everyone from schools in East Red cloth crosses are draped By day the raids continue, can't talk to my kilns like that!" Pakistan to show standards in on the sides of the hotel, with sorties about hourly on Gunners shoot at Indian. the Western wing were higher. At dusk a delegation of Red the air ort a mile north of h He flew back to Dacca a week Cross officers and reporters p planes on low passes over t e oes from room to room askin town and adjacent to the Paki- hotel en route to the airport.' ago and, in the middle of all ?g g ;guests to turn over their guns. stani military cantonment. With magnets, hotel workers the confusion, has been search- Through the day there are dog-;fish shrapnel from the swim ing out professors who can Collected by P.M. 7 were 11 ! pistols, a rifle e two shotguns strafing and antiaircraft fire. Harried foreigners, their Crows, soaring above, are'hopes for evacuation thwarted, constantly mistaken for Indian file back into the hotel. Bernard and Pakistani warplanes. Holt, the British manager, Foreigners, waiting to be stands by the door In a neat evacuated, pile into the hotel. The hotel is filled by late after- noon with foreigners and frightened Pakistanis, and there is no beer. When it was apparent that the Indian planes were aiming Daccans go about bushiness as~;en her lap.: "He's doing just I- go-Korea, India, Brazil- people are advised to avoids !usual-beggars beg, some shopskfine now," she says. there's trouble. Now here too. walking on it. !stay open, newspapers publish i The Pakistani International My kid pulled me on the side Someone asks why room sand tea is served at open stalls. Airlines regional director and back home once and asked me service has stopped and is i Dec. 5 some others flew a small plane if I was an agent. I told him told: "This is a compound The morning paper said the out to Burma last night. He if I was I couldn't tel him." now." !"get-a-word" lottery pool com I~left a note to one of his em- Before the nighty press poker Dacca is full of traffic andi petition was still on and the ployer's reading: "You are now game, martinis are served with people today, with many peo- Naz Theater in do."nrnain I!the now regional manager." vermouth and olive-both rare tile leaving town. But news- Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 . CO1ltinuea adds: "What else can I do. I telephone his home in Marion,' Dec. 10 .said good-by to them an hour Illinois, on Thanksgiving and At a Red Cross meeting Mr. ago." was up to eighth on the list Beg, the security man, is ap- Mrs. Douglas Townsend of when the air raids- started.- 'lauded for carrying the bomb Dec. 7 commoo itics scrounged by a At 1:45 P.M. the bombing growing brotherhood of trapped starts again, and for the first souls. Marshmalows are toasted] time white balloons attached to on the candles on the poker 'grbund cables appear over the table. airport and cantonment, pre- Dec. 9 sumably to ensnare a low-flying MIG. Dacca looks virtually normal upgrade hls marks so he can and a lead pipe. get ]is degree and return to Malawi. Ray Matelli, Esso manager Ra Maas, a Colonel Sanders- I for East Pakistan, worries Ray about how he is going to col- looking character and an ac- sect his gasoline bill from the countant for an engineering Pakistani Army. It owes him company, has been in East Pak- close to $1-million. Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 STATINTL 12[OV1971 Jo Meet as Pakitath Yy Lee Lescaze Washington Post Foreign Service NEW DELHI, Nov. 11-Paki- J't tion of the almost eight- remeates Which have stan's President Yahya Khan rn ontli-old civil war. been casually suggested by the has privately expressed will- The- United States report- 'United States administration ingness to meet leaders of d`y was instrumental in help- do not have any relationship East Pakistan's outlawed iri0 communication begin be- to the realities of the situa- Awanti League party to dis- twceii the two sides. India, the ti on," he said in a recent inter- cuss a political solution of the United States, the Soviet view. civil war, according to reliable , Union and other nations have The suspicion of U.S. Inten- sources. long urged that avenues to- 1 tions here puts into question His ;statement has been con- i ward a political solution be ex- whether any further American veycd to East Pakistani lead- plored to stop the bloodshed intermediary role will be pos- ers at their Calcutta hcadquar- in East Pakistan and to reduce sible. On Oct. 28, the ruling ters, but several major points, the threat that Pakistan's civil Working Committee of the remain to be clarified before War will lead to a full-scale In- Awami League restricted con- any . talks can begin, the dia-Pakis tan war. tacts with Americans by in- sources report. Indian officials have pub- I strutting elected members of Despite Yahya's willingness licly welcomed -American or the National Assembly not to to open a dialogue, he has any other third party efforts make individual contact with made it clear that not all to establish contact between foreigners. membei,s of the East Pakistani. the Pakistani factions, How- ' , The same Working Commit- Bangla Dcsh government in ever, Yahya's privately ex- tre meeting reiterated that it exile would be acceptable to would accept nothing short of him as representatives at talks pressed receptivity to talks iodependence. between the two sides. has apparently aroused Indian. No Solution in Union The Indian government is and Bangla Desh suspicions of' Most Indian officials also also determined to exercise American intentions. argue that no political solu- right of approval on any emis- Indian newspapers have re- ti it can be found which would sary chosen by the East Paki- cently carried stories charging Iave East Pakistan within a stani leaders, despite India's that CIA agents are seeking to united Pakistan. public assertion that Bangla split the Bangla Desh leader- If that is the only position Desh officials operate free of ship with the aim of arranging which Awami League mem- Indian control. India keeps a compromise solution short begs and their Indiana patrons close watch on the exile gov- of indpendence for East Paki- would bring to a bargaining ernment and would presuma- stan..;. table, there would be no basis bly want to monitor any con- Mistrust of the 'United for discussions with Yahya tacts between the rebels and States stems from America's continued good relations with Khan, launched his ti~ki- Pakistan's military govern- tary rt' occupation of East Paki- ment. Pakistan and President Nix-stan on.'s refusal. to condemn Ya- to preserve the unity of Another unresolved ques- hya's government for its ac- Pakistan's two wings. tion is the role of Awami The longer the war goes on, League gue head Sheikh Mu ibur ti.ons in East Pakistan, which well-informed observers be- Lea , who is being tried in have driven 9.6 million re.fu- lieve, the.' Less chance there (West Pakistan for treason. His gees across the border into will be of either side moderat- subordinates in the . Awami India, lug its position and the League; - who, now lead-..tile No `Surrender' greater the chances of an In- exile'government in his ab- Some Indian officials there- dian-Pakistan war.-. ?scnce, arc'rrportedly reluctant fore believe that Washington's "I don't see much hope for to open talks: with Yahya With- primary - objective is to bail I talks reaching any real solu- out Mujibur's consent. Yahya out of his present trou tion even now," one Western, However, Yahya has given' ble with the least possible cost source said. "Too many people no indication that the sheikh,' to the Pakistan regime. They have been killed and the bit- could participate in any talks: stress that any talks must not I terness on all sides is too unless he is first acquitted by involve "a surrender') to the great." the military court. Nor has , West Pakistan government by - . Yahya agreed that Mujibur,?Bangla Desh, could by be consulted in. rison D. Desh r present I India's policy cytipla ninglacom- ative. (mission and the principal in- Nevertheless, the establish- ment of communication be.. tween Yahya and rebel leaders is the first evidence of any progress toward a political so- dian strategist on East Paki- stan, is critical of American attempts to help resolve the crisis. Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 s 1ATINTL NEVE BERLINER ILLUSTR'CFRTE 2 NOVEIERIXFT 1971 biirdet der WirtsdiaftIndiens zusatz- liche unertragliche Lasten auf, welche die Verwirklichung, der sozialokono- Explosive Lage mischcn Programme der Regierung Indira Gandhis spurbar verlangsamt Die bewaffneten ZwischenfaIIe an haben der indisch-pakistanischen Grenze haufen sich. Die pakistanische Armee hat in Ostbengalen Streitkrafte von 80 000 Mann an der Gene an Indien zusammengezogen. Indien be- rief 600 000 Researvisten ein and traf andere Mafinahmen zur Verteidi- gung. Premierministcr Indira Gandhi erklarte, ihr Land unternebme ?alles Erdenklidie, um einen bewaffneten Konflikt zu vermeiden". Die Kriegsgefahr auf dent Subkon- . Es ' gilt berths als offenes Geheim- nis, dais side die amerikanische Ge- heimdienst:zentrale CIA verstarkt in Pakistan engagiert`iat. Die US-Ge- seilschaft ?World Airways", die ebenso win die ?Air America" end ?Continental Air-Service" in Laos eine verkappte CIA-Firma ist, be- fordert Truppen von West- nach Ostpakistan. Bereits in diesem Som- mer trafen amerikanische Militar- beratee cin, die vie in Laos der US- tinent, wo etwa cin Ffinftel der Botschaft zugeordnct sind and cinen Menschheit lebt, ist nine Folge der diplomatischen Status haben. Wie blutigen Ereignisse in Ostpakistan- kurrlich Senator Edward Kennedy Als dieser Landesteil, der fast 2000 crklarte, liefern die USA - tkotz Kilometer durcb indisches ? Territo- gegenteiliger Versicherungen -, Waf- rium von den westlichen Provinzen fen and Munition nach Pakistan end getrennt ist, seine Autonomic durch-- heizen damit die Spannung in die- setzen wollte, cntsandte die Zentral- scm Gebiet welter an. regierung in Westpakistan im Marz Auf der UNO-Vollversammlung hat 1971 Truppen. Sic ersttckten mit AiiBenminister Gromyko die Hal- Wagengewalt den Widerstand in der tong der Sowjetuniof, deren Frie- ostlichen Region, die von der Bour- densverhandlungen schon 1965 den geoisie Westpakistans als innere pakistanisch-indischen Krieg beende-_. Kolonie betrachtet: ui d ausgebeutet ten, dargelegt: ?Wir Sind davon wird (siehe audi Die aktuclle NBI- fiberzeugt, daB nur auf dent Wege Karte - Zum Konflikt in Pakistan", elites politischen Regelung der in Heft 22/71). Ostpakistan entstandencn Fragen Um den Verfolgungen and Repres- auch nine Entspanntmg in diesem salicn der Armee 2u entgehen, ergoli Gebict erreicbt werden kann ... Die rich ein Strom ostpakistaniseher FICchtlinge mussen nadt Ostpakistan Flnchtlinge fiber die Grenze nach zurackgcbracbt werden; aber das Indien - vor allern in den .Unions- wird nur dann moglich rein, _Venn staat Westbengalen. Noch immer dart ihre. Sicherheit gewahricistet fluchtcn. taglich etwa 30000 Men- ist." Andrei Gromyko gab der Hoff- schen. Inzwischen wuchs litre Zahl nung Ausdruck, dal ?Sclbstbeherr- auf: insgesamt fast zehn Millionen sctung find Vernunft die Oberhand Menschen an, die moist in piimitiven behalten werden". Lagern kampieren. Thee Versorgung j W,Iten Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 .8 S 0 1971 'all 6166 1, (n] M, 0 No It] SI) a. .. 1 f t'' i 1 _J :l M11 kill il, ] :"013 ?y *= SADI N t Ui .? : al;,Ir'I1. NEW DELHI, India, Aug: 31 (By airmail) --- The U.S. is re- portedly using the case of Ban la Dash leader Mujibur Rahnian, now under so-gilled trial in West Pakistan, as a bait to blackmail the leaders of the 1_angla 'flesh Government. Iran is the ' go-bc- tween, and its . representatives have already contacted 13angla Dash representatives for a "- ,et-The main propcsal is that Ban- gs Desh. give up its clairn for ''independence. 13augla Dish leaders argue such a Co111proinise would amount to a betrayal td the cause for which so I1'uch blood has been shed, especially i;hen 'the freedom fighters are dealing heavy blows against the military junta. ilujibur lThh111an himself has declared that if necessary a free Ban;la flesh ''will rise on his dead body." Several U.S.' organizations have become active among the intellectuals who have fled from Ilangla Desh and taken shelter in India. One such organization, the Triter natic al Rescue Committee, headed by I~MMrs. Oswald Lord, is reported to be spending some $2 ,COO per month. It is already paying handsome 'WHOWa: ces'' to some 55 intellectuals from Bangla Desh "for research work" and to 10 artists "for holding exhibi- This organization Was active among the Cuban counter-revoln- tiOnaries and also among emigre IIunga.rians. Mrs. Lord is known to have links with the CIA. J . Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 Ef S u fl1l, C TO rlli)fh 9 APR 137! t~ 41 O ~ ~ ~i;? BY ? d: An de;'sOn FAULTY I + I.LLLICrENCi, and military lefts have caused heavy casualtie , contributed to the Mylai massacre and triggered other trafcciics in Indochina. Because intelligence reports are highly classified, the nlis- takes have been scrc'pt under the secrecy label. I'hc public is entitled to knov,, ho:.ever, about the. terrible cost of intel? ligence errors. By monitoring enethiy radio transmissions, for ' example, the Defense . Intelliganca Adelicy 1-earned that ltanoi had advance knowledge of both the, Cambodian and Laos invasions. . Interccpled enemy. sage; c'alind "pa inna cent- a e e o - n a vanc l h f - ' )l} STATINTL RAWALPINIDI, I akistIn,ord es favoring the colttil ::.d March 25---An American no`. lylunit} of Pakistan, is b 'Ind the arrived in Palast an might have present ca npaigtt for s f dater-' 1 been suipriseci by the speech of rn_ination in E2st.Pekist. a. Ti c c'T. right-P:ingP:+kistarti poltflCi?;illLn t'e'! Le.~ Ainb7_ rc!or, io- at a Karachi rally Monday seph S I rlr,nd, wv e a claiming that th United Slatesroutin e visit to Sheik Mai url Cent n.l Intell i gc-nce Agency,Rai, .Tani, the East I iI:nstan11 Preulici? Golda Meir of I i ttellleader, in }laces on his =.-ay and India 1 officials had team xijfrurt hand to h; n} l ht) "to d vide Pakistan under month for medical tr_.:.,_. the patronage of the United lies been d'eplc,eu as the a12s State of Arrt rica, tcrnlind. To Aillcric IS rc Idailt i0 Stn.y that rep ntly Pakistan, end s')-_ el f'1rOLl^tl tll, louatlV v'?S ican offiei', such aIlegLt-inns til..L tiro Uiiit c States Si th elicit only a weary si ru . I I leet, still re ably l e t i t-:3 to During the 1 .. ,; yea hart l I : in the ;" CJ,t :i: l 1 1 o ll- a day has passed w.-itnout Sonlie to:'IC~; Soviet naval streo tii, politiciaor pullhcatlon acctTS- 1?:;il arrived f of! in the I.:.y of ing Amer icans ill Bald ta..n of a;_i to c. :i ? actlvit}' damaging to MoslCill't'It,ted States claini toJa aavY..i Pakistan or to nlosl?;11 else- base. ti:eie. ~~'ll i'e oror111d Ik svorlcI. tlillh:.: < for Fa r'`a" nl ! is attacks reflect the si; a:~vll;j, " -~ lady I)u! h::`: cd a r. C. 1. A. a mering acerbity that marl:'SSLIIivertll! ; I'alil -L' s relationships between the Unit-!-often in f't'or Gf In?ilia. Ac l CCl States and Pakistan, v 'lief proof 111 t l" and of er A ri ;. tivcre th warmest of all c i ica 1, in l .,,t1 1 t, I 0 t1, ?~aliic Communist Cl,- u_.IC it I. t' I' it I - it C , tl id ~ lsnl ill II C 1111 efeeit-flit Its Ills it I ;) !r IFl Cll 1 1t~i. ~`~~~ Much of Pala.SLCil'a 11 tf : ?C il,olt~ to 11 S lilcl'l~dll Seems to steal from the UliitE'Ct1 States failure to sl:ppc'; I stain in the 1CG P air with India and from the stopping of ITlil;- tary supplies to bosh Countries at that tulle. Pakistan expected a re ewal of those supplies and other fat ors when dir. Nixon, N; iu, was Vice Presidcnt~ and :I' President Eisenhower during the congenial nine.te;en-fiftie tool; chide. But these e1pt eta- tions have not been fulfiiled? United States economic aid to Pa':kistan, now al-out $200- million a. year, is regularly do- scribed as a stratagem to sccurc United States domination of Pakistan or to undeIm m,e her Security. f:l'tllf:l_sslor Accused A letter to tl, editor in a Karachi , ap,r the ot:lsr day d piCtoil Americans in Pakistan 1?lstenis to radio broadcasts of the t.Iuii,aimiad Ali-Joe Frazier boxing match and gloating over Albs defeat because he is a Moslem. A common charge is that the United States, which is on rcC- Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 o r'euruary i.yIV .11...c A W xi~J ~L! 9l over 9 6 UIL A pikot 9 r y From S. It. G11AURI, Dacca, February 5 hands of some parly leaders of his repeated requests, Air leader of a Bengali Marxist about two years ago.' lihashani had failed to pleb- Communist iia?rly and advo- /being waged in public arolnd Isl;nni "on the inlonesian rejects ballot-box democracy ,w/ what, is described as a CIA 1/allern" and favours and armed revolu. dorunlent which "dell Into tho Air 'fbaha said that In spite t.tnn. It is named after the Alaulana llhashani, aged 87, "lent from Airy(l ast>'anicland Air 13hashanl continues to its president and a legendary had requested him to publish maintain an a m fit v a 1 e n t figure in East Pakistan, the it immediately, The doom"eat fnallyp plump do but for is ent ontesti may almost hopeless task of picking he elaimod, as did Air It?has? erelcrtio ctIonf s, if th o u n the e c o u n c d l ,up the pieces, hani, contained a plan to mas. ing west Pakistanis, is in bias. has splintered into three Mr Toaha said that he had favour of the elections. warring factions 1-6, rcc ' ? i?~? aursl participation but the i'akistan's only party close to haul had prevented publication party's 85mlan council, anolud- connunisnl with it Chinese of the document especi:nlly In lust Pakistan to """ "'' ""c' ti unicn'rs exist- clecuon and prefers armed sllirhl'i'ss peasants and workers. ell 'e, he said, and had asked revolution to a sustained peace. hegemony. For months the ""VCClHmem it no was eon- , The party infighting has vlmced of its authenticity, made Mr l3hashani's noSitinn document has been the lunch. "It", VU noldl CICtriloll9 to tho peasantry mainly because of , and its "StnngCR" hl 1110 Natinnai Acsmih1v i.e !im-1,.... w:- uecrnne w;5ur>tie moll after so tar he continues to wield a churning out pro a 1Inda President Yahva IChan's rkeri. n,nninnl 121-- the docutnen! ? " ""?" "`'s ux?[nmiuiee, Mien Is dom,i- dazzling Intellectual eonteutr upon twhich Mr nated by East Pakistan, is has tailed to achieve. Approved For Release 2007/10/23: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000700190001-6 STATINTL