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December 9, 2016
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December 14, 2000
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May 22, 1970
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Approved For. Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80- MUHAMMAD SPEAKS 22 Na' 1970 .U. hiies death # MOSCOW ? "'Me latest - :exposure of CIA activities in -Chile, Bolivia, Peru and other v. Latin American countries 'show one of the aspects of the 1 4.41.J.S. policy of 'partnership' ,with Latin America," said a recent news article, in the Soviet newspaper Izvestia. "IF THERE is anything new.. .in Latin American policy of the " /, U.S.,'' writes political icolumnist Busland Tuchnin, is only that the American 'monopolies have to act in that . , area of the world much more carefully and cautiously than they did during the days of '.''gunboat diplomacy'. Anti - I .imperialist feelings have now L; reached such a level that rarmed intervention can lead to L'teal revolutionary explosion. .. IOW 1.%...A1A1ZIA.C.01i144,0 .Approved For Release 2001/03/04 : CIA-RDP8001601R000700220001-3 -5 Approved For ReleaS62404763?0412r6RifF'80-01 6 1 7 FEB 1970 0 IL ? . t.," ,k 1:11(1(..'S 1 n America . Haring Traublo DiNtingnishing Ilottreen Wow!' /Ind .413a(1" Military Regime.% ; But how can the Latin American military regime 1.r 11?mtb. s1 ' meintain law and order, respect American interests! . and carry mit battle reforms nil at .the same time? U.S leitin American eeperis ha 6 ve 4%we :el their Thls feat would be tentamount to turning a circle ettennue from the Caribleem to the Andes, The -in,' into rt square. A *ellen of studies has been initiated). creasing stability of Fidel Castries revolui Iona ry . by official and unofficial U.S. intelligence eervicesc S * ? ri Nliat?rel Government in Cuba nod the telzttive 5erority if the pro-American regimes in Nlexico and brazil go far to explain this change. At the same time the challenge trom the Perniii an junta determined to reduce that countreee ece- nomic dependence on the United Steles, the leftist orientation of e 11, Mire& Ovando Condia's fiee-month- old Bolivimi Government, the fitiid political sitnatIon in Chile and the emergence of a military pressure group there, ? together with moves toward ? closer economic integration of the five Andean states (Col- ombia. Ecuador, Peru. Bolivia and Chile) are of growing concern to the men in Washington respon- sible for working out and carrying out Latin Ameri- can policy. An analysts of the charred situation in Latin America makes It possible n understand the. policy :- developed by the Nixon Aeministration following Nelson Rockefeller's Latin A eerican trips. Mr. Rockefeller returned home. convinced that Latin America was ripe for revolution. Antl-Arnoti- 1, can revolutionary forces are "on our doorstep," he confirmee Washington's primary concern, he in-. ? misted, should ho to maintain order on the conti- nent. Past distinctions between "representative de- rnocracles" and military dictatorships Wore out of e. ? .1; date. Addressing Congress on Nov. 12, he warned. that a "chaotic revolution" could break out if the ! United States did not step up its military aid to Lat- in American governments, including the military regimee. " ? e , Washington's decision to stop discriminating be- tween democracies and dictatorships in'Letin.,? America was n serious blow to Latin American eral lenders like Romulo Betancourt. The former:'i;!? . Venezuelan President was the author of a doctrine'. PI calling for the non-recognition'of tovermnents that come to power by force. This distinction is ee considered "too rigid" by the orient; Venezuelan . ? . ?? , . The alirror of Peddle Opinion to try to answer the question. The coda name varies, but the technique remains - the same. In Chile the U.S. Embassy was forced to? apologize to the Government two years ago afteri the details of Project Camelot were revealed. The, project which was undertaken by an American uni- versity for the Pentagon was aimed at determining the political sympathies of various sectors of the ' 'Peruvian population. Recently the Chilean Senate! held a closed-door session to discuss a Christian! ? Democretie Senator's indictment of CIA activities, and pressures la the country. The. policies of the agency and the Pentagon dce, Poi necessarily Coincide. Sometimes they compete? Met one another in the field. For instance, a studyi to Project Camelot was conducted by thei -Defense Department of the Chilean Army. Officers1 ?were queried about. their satisfaction with living 1 .ecindltions and asked in what circumstances they! might consider Intervening in public affairs. To - To stave off a Peruvian-type coup in Chile, U.S.' intelligence circles naturally encouraged the miii- ary rightists. Naval and air force officers as well es .the colonel commanding the Black Berets are ..ke:y,figures in this group. . Peruvian Army leaders are upset by the dieelo- sure of the American Protection Nen, although the . affair has not yet broken into the open; A Rand Corporation study carried out for the Pentagon prior to October MS predicted any move by the Peruvian military would be motivated by social! .rather than personal considerations. Since that date the plan set up to protect Ameri- can installations in Peru in the case of disorders has served as a framework for espionage, govern- ment leaders charge. Peruvian intelligence seized a card file containing several hundred names, and sonic members of the U.S. Embassy staff were ? asked to leave the country.. Only the conciliating at- ,titude of the American ambassador has prevented a is public Trhe ci s no question that some Bolivian leaders , tus want to free their country from dependence on the United States, Tho La Paz branches of several American organizations?malnly operating, out of I the U.S. Embassy?have been placed under Boliviq S. Government, headed by President Rafael Calderaei , I . ?vItich his nbronioned it. I Nevertheless, t h e continent's ntiti?Communist ?? enti-Cnstro, anti-militarist and pro-American lead..., 'firs win) long for the "gam old itilyrin of the Kent02-1 : dy Adminivtraticin and the Alliance for Progress would like to see it revived. 1 Yet while Latin American liberate protest. at being placed on an equal inciting with the military leaders who were their enemies a decade ago, It seenis that the State Department, the Pentagon end' the CIA are having 't rouble distinguishing the "1"'''t415i13118.1Pardnrafilttlafi- 2001/b an Government control. Ilnlivia is undoubtedly viewed as a "marginal I country" In terms of U.S. interests, although Che Guevara's guerrilla activities In If)67 make It Into a test cote Certain U.S. circles will no doubt be die- pleased to tate the men who defeated Gitevare's band with the aid of the (*.men Berets adopt an "anti-lumeriallst" attitude. "What's happening in Bolivia has little In corn. mon with our revolution," Gen. Velasco said recent. Nevertheless Bolivia has supplanted Peril it thy 111)4VeliRDPI)80-01301R00411.002 20 0 0 1-3 Lie ? wit en bars c Nye watc, . STATINYL Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601R0 Y.7 211.e. rent ' ,rruatt Ez.:11 ONizr Papa Paila ? sAN DIFGO, CAL. UNION - .139,739 - 24t),007 ',JA14.1- I 1370 t ? Latin American politicians are finding that they have to ? support is declining, in most ',do more than wave the anti- cases they panic. ? imperialist, the anti-U.S., flag That is what seems to be to get and keep popular sup- 'happening at the moment in po .Peru, Bolivia and, to a lesser True', it may help, for a time. They may gain a respite 1- by charging that the Central t Intelligence Agency is behind a conspiracy against them, or that Washington is plotting their country's economic ruin, O or that American companies are ruthlessly exploiting their , natural resources. Talk like that does quickly ! rally the 'extremists behind STATINTL ^-f nti-Yankee Epithets L sing Their Stint when they become aware their By WILLIAM GIANDONI Copley News Service At several stages? in the ne- gotiations, .the Peruvian ? :armed forces lashed out at their critics. They informed , the Peruvian newsmagazine ? Oiga, which opposed any nationalizing the Bolivian Gulf , ? Oil Co., the biggest U.S. in- - vestment in the country; last- ed only as long as he casti?-? gated the company for ex- . -ploiting Bolivia, But when extent, Chile. agreement with foreign mm- Ovando refused to go along . The Peruvian military man- ing interests, that they did not with the demands that the aged to get along pretty well need lessons in patriotism, remnants of the late guerrilla ? for about 14 months, buoyed And they banned the eireula- leader Ernesto (Che) Guev- I up by the wave of nationalistic tion of the hemispherieally.1 ara's band, be released from : . fervor they stirred when they circulated Spanish language .. prison, the extremists turned . expropriated the U.S.-owned newsmagazine, Vision, which against him, International. Co. .. favored the project, for daring , - . ? But a nation like Peru, to report what everybody ? Anti-junta feeling within Bo- . - : whose wealth is in its subsoil- knew: that there was a divi- . ' livia has reached ? the point ; resources, its agriculture and .- sion within upper level's of the. . that. in one speech Ovando . its mean depths, needs a eon-- -.government on the Cuajone7.. i.suggested that he might send ? them. And it does fuel the . - tinuing flow of foreign T1.:. matter, . the Bolivian revolution's ,. before the firing 1 , fires of the students and their .; '? vestment for further develr . ' But, apparently to stifle crit- enemies c Marxist-Leninist mentors. Butopment. 'leism that they expected from ?',', squad: The reaction 16 that-. ? : 1 It also creates future problems' ' - '?. I anti-capitalist sectors, the',. .threat, in Bolivia . and from ; , by whetting appetites of active : The biggest pending foreign -.... Peruvian junta decreed ? a , ...abroad, was so . stiff that ! lists who refuse to be placated ....7 investment was a $355 Million !,; press law that, in the words or Ovando' subsequently backed: 1 by anything less than contin-, ..-' project involving copper .de- ?, :the Confederation of Workers off, saying that it was just a ; 'tied, rabid, revolutionary gov,' posits in Cuajone, in. southern..,; of Peru, "substantially modi- figure of speech. ,ernmental action. Peru, near the Chilean border.,?:, lies the right of freedom of ex- .1 ' The extremists, however, And only U.S. mining interests pression and subordinates it to ! . From Chile, reports are .that ! erous, in Latin America, as. The Peruvian military had . will signify open coercion in political observerS say that :are the minority, though vocif- 'elsewhere. I Sooner er later, the increas- - Ingly sophisticated majorities demand some sort of proof of the wild accusations, When no substantiation is forthcoming, !,the self-appointed leaders boo': (gin, to, lose. credibility and were ready to tackle it. ? ? a Series of procedures that ? to tread carefully in negotiat- its exercise." Ing with the foreigners, both ; , With that, the Peruvian mit- -to preserve Its zealously culti- .itary managed to enrage vir- vated revolutionary image tually the entire press corps. and to avoid being so obnox- In Bolivia, junta boss Gen, bus to the investors as to Alfredo Ovando Candia dis-' scare them ?,and their ? covered that the support he ? million?away. !" drew from the extremists by Radomiro Tomie. the presi- dential candidate of the ruling Christian Democratic party, has done hi cause consid- erable harm 1 repeatedly -1 criticizing thc Unit Statci and by his insistence on the "non-capitalist road to dev el. opment." It was in Chile, too, that Sen. Rene Fuentealba spoke lengthily in the upper house of :congress. on reports of a Cen- ?.'.tral Intelligence Agency plot against the government. Eventually, though, the sena-. 1. tor admitted that he had no evidence to . back up...his ? " charges. n' A Spanish version of t.hts.' Approved For Release 2001/03/04 : CIA:RDP80-01601R0gle ,? appears elsewhere an 00011-3 ' STATINTL JA-R ? U.S. Social Science fly RICHARD EDER Special to The New York Times WASHINGTON, Oct 0 ? Legislation to set up an inde- pendent Federal institution to finance social science research will be introduced tomorrow in the Senate. The bill, which was drawn up by Senator ,Fred Harris of Oklahoma and the staff of his Subcommittee on Government Research after informal con- sultation with the Administra- tion, has strong support in the Senate. Among its 20 co-sponsors are .the majority leader, Mike Mans- field of Montana; the assistant minority leader, Thomas H. Kuchcl of California; Senator ? John 0. Pastore of Rhode ? Island, and other influential ? Senators. ' One main purpose of theLbill, which would establish a -Na- tional Foundation for the gc7C,Ial Sciences modeled on the Na- til Science Foundation, is to devise a means for using Fed- eral money to support research in politically and socially im- portant fields without arousing a suspicion of academic impro4 priety. ? Over the last two years, dis- closures that social science r arch work Vias financ ? I 'ej,tils gency Proposed by the Central Intelligence Agency and the .Defense De- partment have created a con- troversy that has' jarred the academic community and, in one instance, has prompted Presidential intervention. The most ceiebrattd case in- volved Operation Camelot, a study of the causes of insur- gency in Latin America and other developing areas that was conducted by an office con- nected with American Univer-. sity. When the project came to light In Chile, and it was dis- closed that the United States Army was paying for it, there was an explosion in Chilean political circles that resulted in acute embarrassment at the State Department. President Johnson ordered the Army to cancel the project. .Mr. Johnson also ordered the State Department? to screen all Federally financed ? , research projects abroad for propriety and ...,potential political diffi- culties. f'r -Another Army-baclted study in Colombia, called Operation Simpatico, was disclosed. This was followed by reports of C.I.A. involvement in a South Vietnamese technical assistance project conducted by Michigan State University. For the last year, the ques- tion has been discussed at a series of meetings of scholarly 'societies, in academic journals, at specially organized seminars, and in a series of hearings be- tore Senator' Harris's subcom- mittee.' ? The burden of the complaints Voiced by leading social set- 'entists was that research into subjects such as social change, ;when funded by'. "operational" ,agencies such as the Army and the C.I.A., was ?inevitably sus- ? ,rpect as to its motives, ? ?accepting such support, '? lespecially ? if an attempt: was Imade, to conceal it,. cholars Were , said to . discredit:, theft. selves and to block the accessi of other scholars to their; sources, especially abroad. Shortage of Funds Cited Other scholars and academic' administrators cited an acute shortage of funds for social? as opposed to physical?science research. To ask the academic world to reject an important source of funds was perhaps to ask too much, they said. . ? The bill to create the social science foundation is designed to help solve this dilemma. ? The foundation would be in- depepndent of all.other Federal agencies, and it would be for- bidden to allow interference with its personnel or policies from any other Federal official or department. A 25-member board Of truS- tees made up of leading figures In various 'areas of .the social sciences would supervise its work. It would have a director, and deputy director named by the President and approved by the. Senate. With an annual buget,of $15- million to $20-million, it would ?,? finance research in political sci- ence, economics, psychology, So- ?- ? ciology, anthropology, law, hisa tory, statistics, geography, de... mography, linguistics and inter, ' national relations. ? . ; ? The foundation would be 'al-. ? lowed to accept contracts for 2 research from other Govern- Inca agencies, including the Defense Department the C.I.A., but the connection would be an- nounced and all research would be made available to the public, The foundation would retain complete control of personnel selection and research strategy: Furthermore, it would not be al- lowed to accept contracts Worth' more than a quarter of its own reesarch - budget from. any agency . All projects would be screened by the foundation's ' staff and consultants for scientific inter- est and possible political roper's. missions especiallyiabroadf-% STATI NTL: ,t ? Approxiedf'gr.:1:;e1e4se 200 11G3104 OtiA-R6P8Q-(11.601iRo00700216607