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Approved FW43ABMZ 2/OWfA5444hDP* DECEMBER 1972 The Central @nteUft nee l\ c o icy: At the end of May, 1960, the CIA met with repre- sentatives of the five Cuban exile groups, which joined in a common front, the Cuban Revolutionary Council, for which 'the CIA opened bank accounts in New York, New Orleans, and Miami. The majority of the Cuban exiles lived in Florida or Louisiana. Word spread quickly that something big was in the wind and that there was no lack of funds. Volunteers poured in. and a first contingent of men described as "geometrical engineers" departed for Guatemala at the end of May, 1900. A Short History to LVlk 963 - Part 2 "I never had any thought . . . when I set up the CIA, that it would be injected into peacetime cloak -and-dagger operations. Some of the complications and embarrassment that I think we have experienced are in a part attributable to the fact that this quiet intelligence arm of the President has been so removed from its intended role .. . - Harry Truman, President of the U.S. quoted at the start of the chapter The book "Farewell America", by James Elepburn, was published in 1968 in English by Frontiers Co.- in Vaduz, Liechtenstein; .118 pages long, including 14 pages of index. James Hepburn is a pseudonym; the book is reputed to have been written by the French Intelligence, in order to report to Ameri- cans what actually happened in the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Copies of the book may be purchased readily in Canada, and at one or two addresses in the United States. No bookstore in the United States that I know of will order and sell copies of the book. (Inquire of the National Committee to Investigate Assassinations, 927 15th St. NW, Washington, D.C. 20005, for ways to pur- chase the book.) The twenty chapters are absorb- ingly interesting, and well worth reading. Information about secret intelligence services and the way they operate is of course not in the open literature. In the two and a half years since 1 read the book, I have seen no demonstra- tion that any of the information contained in the book is false - and the information does tie in with much else that is known. Perhaps more than 901"0 of what is in the book is true. The following article is based on Chapter 15, "Spies", of "Farewell America". Part 1 was pub- lished in the November, 1972, issue of "Computers and Automation". Part 2 is published here. project had originated with an executive order signed by President Eisenhower on March 17, 1960 authorizing the clandestine training and arming of Cuban refugees. The operation was directed by Richard Mervin Bissell, Jr., a brilliant graduate of the London School of Economics and former professor of economics at Yale who had joined the CIA in 195.1 and, as director of its Plans Division, had supervised the P2 project. Bissell's original plan included the organization of guerilla troops in Cuba itself, but the shortage of qualified volunteers and the lack of support among the Cuban population and Castro's army rendered this impossible. Instead, Allen Dulles decided on a mili- tary invasion of the island by Cuban exile forces. The CIA immediately began looking for a suitable training site. At the beginning of April, 1960, Robert Kendall Davis, First Secretary of the Ameri- can Embassy in Guatemala and the local CIA Station Chief, visited Guatemala President Ydigoras at his official residence, situated out of precaution on the grounds of the Guatemalan military school.23 Ydigoras, who had no sympathy for Castro and who was also faced with a mounting budget, agreed to allow the CIA to train "special forces" on a base in Guatemala. The CIA chose the "Helvetia" coffee plantation atRetalhuleu, which covered 5,000 acres, was easy to guard, and offered 50 miles of private roads. There it established a training center for saboteurs and combat forces equipped with barracks and a swimming pool. Beginning in 1955, the CIA extended its intelli- gence networks on the continent of Africa, which up till then, with the exception of Egypt and Libya, had been considered of secondary importance. It established itself solidly in Algeria, the Republic of South Africa, the ex-L'elgian Congo, French West Africa and the Portuguese African colonies. Latin America and the Caribbean were controlled by its American Division. When Kennedy entered the White House, preparations were already underway for an invasion of Cuba. The The CIA provided military specialists and foreign technicians, mainly Gerrnaiiand Japanese contractual,;. Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001-6 Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001-6 BEST COPY Available THROUGHOUT FOLDER Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001-6 Approved FoCM4%XM0AW1KM DP80-01601 1d tuber 1972 ve STATINTL o The Central Intelligence Agency: A Short History to MId-'1963 won.. Pei James Hepburn '7 never had any thought . . . when f set up the CIA, that it would be injected into peacetime cloak-and-dagger operations. Some of the complications and embarrassment that I think we have experienced are in a part attributable -to the fact that this quiet 11 . tended role i i f .. . n ts rom intelligence arm of the President has been so removed Introductory Note by the Editor The book "Farewell America", by James Hepburn, was published in 1966 in English by Frontiers Co. in Vaduz, Liechtenstein; 416 pages long, including 14 pages of index. James Hepburn is a pseudonym; the book -is reputed to have been written by the -French Intelligence, in order to report to Ameri- tion i na cans %,hat actually happened -in the assass of.President John F. Kennedy.' Copies of the book may be.purchased readily in Canada, and at one or two addresses in the United States. No bookstore in the United States that I know of will order and sell copies of the book. (Inquire of the National Committee to Investigate Assassinations, 927 15th St. NW. l':ashi ngl on, D.C. 20005, for ways to pur- chase the book.) The twenty chapters are ab- sorbingly interesting. Jnformation about secret intelligence services and the way they operate is of course not in the open literature. In the two and a half years since I read the book. I have seen no demonstra- tion that any of the information contained in the book is false - and the information does tie in with much else that is known. Perhaps more than 90;: of what is in the book is true. The following article is based on Chapter 15, "Spies", of "Farewell America". Everywhere - and the United States is no excep- tion - there are criminals who will do anything for money. But it is one thing to murder a creditor, a Senator or a jealous husband, and quite another to assassinate the President of the United States. Hired Killers Hired killers are rarely employed by a parapolit- ieal or paramilitary group. They are much too dan- gerous. Their connections. their morals, and their insatiable avarice pose too many problems for a responsible organization. On the other hand, a number of individuals active in groups like the John Birch Society, the Patrick Henry :,tociation, and the Christian Crusaders would be only too happy to volunteer for an ideological crime. But, although successful assassinations have on occasion been the work of fanatics, serious-minded conspirators would prefer not to rely on idealists. History tells us. why. The Tsar's death In 1911 - Harry Truman, President of the U.S. quoted at the start of the chapter kov's "Tsar Satan" at the KievOpera. I The assassin, a lawyer named Dimitri Bogrov. was convinced he had acted in the cause of freedom, and many others before him had sacrificed themselves in the struggle against the Tsars. But fanatics like Bogrov who are pre- pared to die for a cause are few indeed, and the nihilists lost more men-than the imperial families. Professional Soldier Assassins Today,'professional soldiers and guerilla war- riors have taken up where the nihilists left off. .They are just as courageous, but often less success- rs e d 5 a y ful. In Germany, in 12 years of Nazism an of war, despite the Kreisau Circle and the numerous groups that claimed in 1946 to have belonged to the underground, despite the work of the Allied intel- ligence. services and the plots hatched by several high-ranking officers of the Wehrmacht and the 0KW, Hitler was never assassinated. Two officers, how- ever,, 'tried. The first planted a bomb on one of llitler's aides, claiming it was a bottle of cognac. The bomb was'due to go off in the plane carrying the Fuehrer to the eastern front, but it failed to explode.-The assassination attempt was never dis- covered. It was publicized later by its author, who meanwhile had recovered his "bottle of cognac". Colonel Von Stauffenberg Against Hitler The second, more serious attempt was the work of Colonel Klaus Von Stauffenberg. His failure dealt a deathblow-to the plot of July 20, 1944. Stauffen- berg either didn't dare or didn't care to shoot I1itler.2 Instead, he placed his briefcase, contain- ing'the equivalent of a pound of TNT3, under the conference table t?.-here Ilitler was sitting and left the room, claiming he had to make a phone call. The TNT was set off by a detonator a few minutes later. But Colonel Von Stauffenberg, while a brilliant cavalryman, was a poor saboteur. His bomb would have killed Ilitler, and probably most of the other officers present. if the conference had been held, as was usually the case at Rastenburg, in the case- ment of a cement blockhouse. The closed quarters would have magnified the compression, and the explo- sion would have proved fatal. On that hot July day, however, the conference was held instead in a wooden barracks with the t+indows open. Hitler was only knocked to the floor and slightly wounded by the explosion. Colonel Von Stauffenberg was mistaken in his choice of an explosive. TNT is excellent for blow- Fanatic Assassins ing up railroad lines and bridges, but for this type Appproved F~l- F el s% 0P/P1P3 CIAoRDP80t-0460QR$OA80Q4M0? '-'6ld have used a Prime Minister, to yp~ , during a performance of Rimsky-Korsa- defensive grenade of the type used by the German C on. Approved For Release 29W s 1 R00080028 November 1972 The Central Intelligence- Agency: A Short t history t9T f-l963' Pc' "I never had any thought . . . when I set up the CIA, that it would be injected into peacetime cloak-and-dagger operations. Some of the complications and embarrassment .that I think we have experienced are in a part attributable to the fact that this quiet intelligence arm of the President has been so removed from its intended role ..." - Harry Truman, President of the U.S quoted at the start of the chapter Introductory Note by the Editor The book "Farewell America", by James Hepburn, was published in 1960 in English by Frontiers Co. in Vaduz. Liechtenstein; 418 pages long, including 14 pages of index. James Hepburn is a pseudonym; the book is reputed to have been written by the -French Intelligence, in order to report to Ameri- cans what actually happened -in the assassination of. President John F. Kennedy.' Copies of the book may-be.purchased readily in Canada, and at one or two addresses in the United States. No bookstore in the United States that 1 know of will order and sell copies of the book. (Inquire of the National Committee to Investigate Assassinations, 927 15th St. AW, i'ashi.nnlon, D.C. 2000-5, for ways to pur- chase the book.) The twenty chapters are ab- sorbingly interesting. Information about secret intelligence services and the way they operate is of course not in the open-literature. In the two and a half years since I read the book, I have seen no deaionstra- tion that any of the information contained in the book is false - and the information does tie in with much else that is known. Perhaps more than 90;: of what is in the book is true. The following article is based on Chapter 15, "Spies", of "Farewell America". kov's "Tsar Sajtan" at the Kiev Opera.I The assassin, a lawyer named Dimitri Bogrov, was convinced he had acted in the cause of freedom, and many others before him had sacrificed themselves in the struggle against the Tsars. But fanatics like Bogrov who are pre- pared to die for a cause are few indeed, and the nihilists lost more men-than the imperial families. Professional Soldier Assassins Today,?professional soldiers and guerilla war- riors have taken up where the nihilists left off. They are just as courageous, but often less success- ful. In Germany. in 12 years of Nazism and 5 years of war, despite the Kreisau Circle and the numerous groups that claimed in 1946 to have belonged to the underground, despite the work of the Allied intel- and the plots hatched by several high-ranking officers of the Wehrmacht and the OW, Hitler was never assassinated. Two officers, how- ever,,tried. The first planted a bomb on one of Ilitler's aides, claiming it was a bottle of cognac. The bomb was'due to go off in the plane carrying the Fuehrer to the eastern front, but it failed to explode. The assassination attempt was never dis- covered. It was publicized later by its author, who meanwhile had recovered his "bottle of cognac". Colonel Von Stauffenberg Against Hitler The second, more serious attempt was the work of Colonel Klaus Von Stauffenberg. Ilis failure dealt a deathblow-to the plot of July 20, 1944. Stauffen- berg either didn't dare or didn't care t h t o s oo Everywhere - and the United States is no excep- Hitler.2 Instead, he placed his briefcase, contain- tion - there are criminals who will do anything for ing'the equivalent of a pound of TNT3, under the money. But it is one thing to murder a creditor, a conference table where Hitler was sitting and left Senator or a jealous husband, and quite another to assassinate the President of the United States. TAT the room, claiming off f he had t make a Ane call. The by a detonator a few m minutes later. ? Hired Killers But Colonel Von Stauffenberg, while a brilliant hired killers are rarely employed by a parapolit- cavalryman, was a poor saboteur. His bomb would Ical or paramilitary group. They are much too dan- have killed llitler, and probably most of the other gerous. Their connections. their morals, and their officers present, if the conference had been held, insatiable avarice pose too many problems for a as was usually the case at h'astenburg, in the case- responsible organization. On the other hand, a ment of a cement blockhouse. The closed quarters number of individuals active in groups like the would have magnified the compression, and the explo- John Birch Society, the Patrick Henry S:sociation, sion would have proved fatal. On that hot Jul), day, and the Christian Crusaders would be only too happy . however, the conference was held instead in a wooden to volunteer for-an ideological crime. But. although barracks with the -Aindows open. llitler was only successful assassinations have on occasion been the knocked to the floor and slightly wounded by the work of fanatics, serious-minded conspirators would explosion. prefer not 'to rely on idealists. History tells us.. . why. Colonel von Stauffenberg was mistaken in his choice of an explosive. TN?1' is excellent for blow- Fanatic Assassins pg uXt,.~ ~?~,~}~~ br~t dues, but for this type The TsarAPPF9r~Ee0!FM~tel9PAgp?ROf/.,01/Q t: r6lA-RDP4'P-gp ~?4*rtt~P?~{d?ft00t~e: should have used a death In 1911 during a performance of Itimsky-Korsa- defensive grenade of the type used by the German a.- Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601 140008002800 0- 1 -r- LINCOLN, NEBR. STAR SLP 3 O i9 M - 26,553 By PATTY BEUTLER Star Staff 1':riter One president and one civil rights leader were "murdered by the CIA and by far right groups" a former right wing extremist told his U n i o n College audience F r i d a y morning. Although he has no proof or documentation to support his / suspicions, Dean Morris of Turlock, Calif., believes that his five years' experience a:, a member of the Ku Klux Klan ,and the Minutemen i s substantial support for his theory. On the campus Iecture circuit "not for the purpose of selling ideology," Morris hopes that by sharing his ex- periences he will h c 1 p enlighten young people to the dangers of cxtrcmis.n. As a guerilla instructor for the Minutemen, Morris taught people how to make bombs and plan assassinations It was a life of "violence, hate and fear," said Morris, adding that "some people know no other way." Backed Wallace While teaching guerrilla tactics on weekends, he serve` as a state chairman of the 1958 Wallace for President campaign in Berks County, Pa. Morris also spent some tima in Lincoln in 1567 as an un- dercover agent for the far right in the Job Corps pro- gram, looking for any misuse of government funds. He went on to explain his political separation or i360- egree turnabout which took place in 1955 while attending a Klan rally in So u t li Carolina. As a Klan motorcade laden with weapons drove through dhe black Rlietto as a show ' !';' ,, c` ~ fA -t ~t~.7 fiW~+ iE tY~- 'jI tf~i~; ,~F]/ 111.1[r- a L iv j "l U t" k) i " :l &..- Q 61-.171 V1YI G di t d f40 ta~.fFV 4~d~uivdeV+3L1 of power, Morris noticed a young black Bay Scout stop to salute the American flab It was this `simple act of a child which started him thinking, recalls Morris. ightmare The following three days were a nightmare as he "came back from fantasia to reality. y With the help of the FBI he was ablle to get a w a y , although he was a "scared man when he left. groups that easily, explained Morris, who added that "a contract was out on my life." The next six months he spent "underground" on a small farm in Missouri "searching for life." The son of migrant laborers in Maryville, ,llo., Morris describes his parents as racists who instilled in him a fear of the black an. Yet Morris says he had never seen a black man until he was 17 years old. After a brief stint in the Army, cut short by a back injury, 17-year old Morris found himself pumping gas at an Omaha station. It was here that he became influenced by a steady customer - 'a member of the John Birch Society - who convinced him that "there's a Communist conspiracy in this country." One step led to another and he was soon firmly entrenched and committed to the far right, cause. As for his politics today, Morris says "I'm not right or left. I'm just a h u m a n being." affixed. to the windshield oii 'the lead car, right next to tie Klan flag "whicli meant up- pres ion racism and fear to ypliroved For Release 2006/01/03 CIA-RDP80-01601R000800280001-6. Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601R0008ff2?8-6ldbT1L6 EPHRATA, WASH. GRANS , tJOURNAL %,J1J CO. 2 1372 SEMI-WEEKLY - 3,439 Insl~ht Flip ''c pk1 u der The illegal release of the Pentagon Papers and the more recent use of secret documents by columnist Jack Anderson has re-opened the problem of what should and should not be classified. During a conversation a few'years ago with the late Senator Richard Russell I asked why the CIA reports on Lee Harvey Oswald's ?traVOIN'tiiI'M xico had to remain classified as secret and why. they had to stay secret for many years to come. The senator was at that time, and had been for more than a decade, chairman of a special appropriations sub-committee which con- trolled all CIA funds. There wasn't anyone who was in a better position to answer the question than Russell. He gave me a plausible reason for the secrecy. The senator noted, and it's true, that we have people in every country in the world -who are friendly to the U.S. and though not citizens of this country they often supply our intelligence people with information. Some are businessmen, some fishermen, artists, students and so forth. They are basically loyal to their own country, but still willing to help us. The CIA report on Oswald's travels in Mexico contains not only the facts about his movements in that country but the names of the individuals who provided those facts. If the report was made public at this time some of the contacts would end up facing a firing squad and if they weren't shot or imprisoned, they would no longer be of any value as contracts. Their future services would be till. Since they are still needed it makes good sense to keep their identity unknown. But what about thirty years from now? This ~~ out n't Qllik* is the time frame being recommended by the National Security Council as a reasonable time to keep papers secret yet there are opponents around who want the lid to stay. on far beyond three decades. That's pretty hard to buy even from the individuals who claim diplomatic or military secret codes can be endangered by releasing thirty year old data. It seems illogical to assume that codes aren't changed in more than thirty years and even more illogical to believe any nation can keel) a code unbroken for thirty years. If this is happening it is' a first for all time. A recent rash of non-fiction books have pretty well dispelled the idea that unbreakable codes exist. If a man or woman can conceive them sooner or later another man or woman will be able to unravel them. Anyone who reads my columns very long knows I am pro-military, but lve long been aware of the military's inclination to mark anything and everything secret and keep that tag on forever. In some cases this practice can be defended, but not for 50.or 100 years.. While true military secrets should be carefully guarded military blunders should* not. Time doesn't erase stupidity, but it hides it and that's wrong. During World War II many a bulletin board was so plastered with memos that it was a standard joke that if one dug deep enough he'd find a KP order from Valley Forge still tacked tip. If one could actually dig deep enough in Pentagon records there's a chance that some of George Washington's actual orders are still stamped secret. In a free society that's 'no joke. Approved- For Release 2006/01103 CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001-6 Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-0160280001-6 - MEMPHIS, TENN. WORD ' WORLD N ij 0 1972 WEEKLY - 8,000 INSIGHT _That's"pretty hard to-biry evert from the individuals who claim diplomatic or military secret codes can be endangered by releasing thirty year old data. It seems illogical to assume that codes aren't changed in more than thirty years and even more illogical to believe any nation can keep a code unbroken for thirty years. Il' this is happening it is a. first for all time. A recent rash of non-fiction books have pretty well dispelled the idea that unbreakable codes exist. If a man or woman can conceive them sooner or later another man or woman will be able to unravel them. Anyone who reads my columns very long knows I am pro-military, but I've long been aware of the military's 'he illegal release of the Penta- Pori Papers and the more recent use of by 7locutrtnls by columnist ack Anderson has re-opened the irobleln of what should and should . not be"classified: ` During a conversation a few years ago with the late. Senator Richard Russell I asked why. the trave s n exico ad to remain classified as secret and why ? ? keep that lair on fore%cr. In some uses this practice call be they had to stay secret for many years to come. ! defended, but not for 50 or 100 years. While true military The senator was at that time, and had been for more' secrets should be carefully guarded military blunders than a decade, chairman of a special appropriations sub- should not. Time doesn't erase stupidity, but it hides it' CIS Areports on Lee Harvey?Os%'ald's l M i h committee which controlled all CIA funds. There wash t and that's wrong. anyone who was 'in a better position to answer the During World War II many a bulletin board was so question than Russell plastered with mentor that it was a standard joke that if He gave me a plausible reason for the secrecy. The one dug deep enough he'd find a KP order from Valley senator noted, and it's true, that we have people in every Forge still tacked up. If one could actually dig deep enough country in the world who are friendly . to the U.S. and ' in Pentagon records there's a chance that some of George though not citizens of' this country they often supply one Washington's actual orders are still stamped secret. In a' intelligence people with information. Some are business- free society that's no joke. men, some fishermen, artists, students and so forth. They '-~---- are basically loyal to their own country, but still willing - to help us. The CIA report on Oswald's travels in Mexico v contains not only the fuels about his nto%ements in that country but the nanws of the individuals who provided - those facts. If' the report wa; made public at this time some of the con lads would end up facing a firing squad and if they weren't :hot or imprisoned they would no longer be of any value as contacts. Their future services would be nil. Since they are still needed it makes good; sense to keep their identity urknown. . But what about thirty yeaf?s from now? This is -the time frame being recommended by the National Security Council as a reasonable time to keep papers secret yet there are opponents around who want the lid to stay on far. beyond three decades. . Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001-6 AKRON, OHIO BLAGGM ,:, Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-R P80-01601 R000800280001-6 E - 175,468 S -- 203,118 sat S!TATI NTL By KATHY LILLY The pain of President John F. Kennedy's assassination has been dulled for m o s t Americana, but not for Dr. Cyril Wecht, who believes a well-financed right wing group and the CIA volved in a death plot. D r. W e c h t, Allegheny County (Pittsburgh) coroner and a well-known forensic pathologist (a doctor who ap- plies medicine to the law) ? with a long list of credntials, says scientific evidence clear- ly shows Lee Harvey Oswald did not act alone in killing Kennedy. "Based on scientific study, I know Lee Harvey Oswald was'not a sole assassin," Dr. Wecht told the Beacon Jour- nal in an interview. - "My own theory - not based on science - is that I think there are two possibili- ties not necessarily exclusive of each other ... Some ultra right wing group fearful of the President's actions, philo- I sophies and motives - and I believe the CIA. was in- volved." "I want to try to get to the heart of these inconsistencies (in the Warren Commission report and other documents) and see if we can come up with a truthful report."' So far, he says, the govern- ment won't let him. ALL THE autopsy reports, photographs and other scien- tific document:. were given to Kennedy's widow, who gave th h em as a private sift to t e would account for this physi- National Archives with the cal move,'' he said. stipulation that a f t e r five The film, made by Abra- years (which expired 1 a s t ham Zapruder, an amateur, Fall) experts in the field with was the most accurate film- historical or scientific inter- ing of the shooting. Zapruder o i h ne t ests c uld exam e nma- sold it to. Life magazine terial. whit used Dr. Wecht as a Dr. Wecht asked the admin- consultant on it. istrator. B u r k e Marshall, ' Dean of Yale University Law DR. WECHT said the film School, for permission several disputes the single bullet months ago and still hasn't theory of the Warren Com- gotten an asnwer. , mission. "The only one who has re- "The single bullet theory - ceived permission is a urolog- I call it the `magic bullet ist - a kidney specialist. He theory' - is that the shot (the specialist) previously struck the President in the wrote three articles agreeing back, re-entered (Texas) Gov. with the Warren Commission John Connally's back, went report. I had written about it through the front of his chest, DR. WECHT was in Akron and criticized it. through the right wrist and Saturday to address 130 mem- "Marshall's reasons are be- . lodged in his left thigh. hers of the Ohio Osteopathic cause the g-~vernment is fear- "The bullet alleged to have Medical Assistants Associa- fill. They know there age done all this was not found lion, meeting at Hilton Inn parts of the investigation that until several hours later. A West for an annual conven- are contradictory, incomplete janitor in the basement of the tion. (Dr. 1Vecht is a medical and inadequate. I have some- hospital claims he found the bullet on a stretcher The d y octor) .. "I am not consumed with what of a reputation in this deduced it was from Connally , my investigation, I don't have field. I couldn't make some- and had f a 11 e n from his fire only the one bullet. the time. And I'm not plan- thing that isn't there," said thigh," said Dr. % echt. DR. tIECHT also said the ning to write a book. But I in- Dr. Wecht. "That type of bullet, in its _.left side of the Presidens tend to keep on pursuing this pristine state, weighs from was to because I'm deeply disturbed DR. WECHT grows more 161 to 161.51 grains. The- bul- brain rain wif never there exawasmined ned to that or ganized bodies (like intense as he becomes in- let found weighed 159 grains. Fo- It had only lost a total of 2.5 er bullet or fragment. the American Academy of volved in explaining the con- "There's no question in my tonic Science of w-h h he is s grains. immediate past pre=ident) tradictions. His brow wrin- "X-rays showed it left- par mind any testimony in even a have been ignored. kled, his arms gesturing, his- titles in four different loca- routine murder case based on, "I' ditbed t h a t the voice takes on a note of an- tions - Kennedy's- and Con- that sort of partial exantina-. r " m s u he er and incredulity. rally's chest. and Connally's lion would be stricken, American public has been ? said. deceived and that we're treat- "Lee Harvey Oswald was wrist and thigh. It shattered ? ed like children. a r'bb i C ally'5,she5 t and Ap190M& M# ft l 'a 66 6 to ~/0 : a ~-RUF'8U-01601800080028000,1-6 of the President. The Zapru- der film clearly shows when the President is struck he slumps backward to the left. He goes immediately back- ward. "Anyone who knows any- thing about this sort of thing would know this just could not happen. A high velocity rifle like Oswald used would ha v.- a tremendous impact. "The grassy knoll in front to the right of the President then extensively fractured a large bone in the wrist. "It (the bullet)- also shows practically no deformity or,, mutilation at all. A bullet, E- simply would not do t l3 a-t -without deformity, mutilation 'and some loss of substance," said Dr. Wecht. DR. WECHT said he testi- fied about his findings at a hearing in a Washington, D. C. federal court in 1969, when New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison was asking to see the National Ar- chives evidence. The judge agreed to his re- quest but government appeals kept the material from being seen before the Clay Shaw trial began. "I have been consulting with Garrison, but didn't tes- tify because I couldn't review the material and because the trial was coming on more like a, circus than a real court- room action,"'he said. He said the government doesn't w a n t the material seen by an expert like him- self qualified - to testify in court (a forensic pathologist) because "if you don't buy the single bullet theory you can't buy that Lee Harvey Oswald was a sole assassin." 'He said the Zapruder film, reviewed by the FBI and Ko- ?4 dak Laboratories, showed Os- wald would have had time to . Approved For Release 2?g6Mk :RDP80=01601 R0008 By.Robert Blair Kaiser "This is an obsession, and typical Americans aren't obsessed. Jack Arm- strong.isn't obsessed. There's a fantastic way in which the assassination becomes a religious event. There are relics and scriptures and even a holy scene - the killing ground. People make pilgrimages to it. And, as in any religious event, what. happened there isn't clear. It's ambigu- ous, surrounded by mystery and uncer- tainty. I think there is a feeling with some of us that it has to be clarified. It's the symbolic status of it that's impor- tant. Somehow, one hopes to clarify one's own situation and one's own society by clarifying this. . . " Josiah Thompson, Assassination Buff I first remember reading about the As- sassination Buffs in a piece in The New Yorker by Calvin Trillin. Trillin had scared me. He made it clear that the Buffs - an underground network in ob- sessive pursuit of "the coconspirators at Dallas" - threatened to consume them- selves in a quest that was destined to end in doubt. Essentially, the Buffs were hob- byists. In other, less troubled times, they might have collected stamps and read Agatha Christie. Now they were wrapped in a real game which, they fantasized, could get them killed. . At first the Buffs worked in isolation, building their own research Libraries, ex- hibits, mock-ups and blowups. Then they learned of one another's existence, began to compare notes, to canonize their own heroes, vilify their own villains. With the assassinations of Martin Luther King and Robert Kennedy, their numbers would in- crease. They would set up their own dues-paying organization, the National Committee to Investigate Assassinations, and produce a newsletter flagged with a Like the Buffs, I, too, found it hard to believe that Oswald had acted alone, that he had changed the course of history be- cause he had an argument with his wife over a lousy washing machine. I refused to think life was that absurd. Somehow, it would be less absurd if Oswald were part of a plan, anybody's plan. But I was a Jack Armstrong. No obsessions for me. Let the authorities handle the case. I made my resolve back in 1967, when, after five years with Time, I was building a new family and a new career as a writer with a name. I had a two-novel contract with New American Library, a free-lance contract with Look and I had made a be- ginning, to boot, in television news. One year later, after the assassination of Robert Kennedy in Los Angeles, where I lived, I put all that life aside and chose death. In Josiah Thompson's metaphor, I made a journey to the killing ground, col- lected the relics, pored over the scrip- tures. In the metaphor of my native Ari- zona, I chose the conspiracy trail and rode it as far as I could and found that it led nowhere; as in the Black Mountain area of the Navajo Indian reservation, I found box canyons within box canyons. I met a good many quaint characters along the way, but at the end of the trail there was nothing. June, 1968. Los Angeles. Another Ken- nedy killed. A reportorial challenge. I found a way of getting to the assassin and I took it. For all my reservations about the Assassination Buffs, I wanted to know more, more than I thought the offi- cials would tell. Would I become a buff? No, I was just a curious reporter in search . of the facts. Maybe I'd even learn some- thing close to the total truth. So I talked with the assassin two or provocative question next to its metered Postmark: Who is Killinff U1e4:C 9cWRe14 t /(Mee h4 his psychiatrists. 40800280001-6 went into o his his cell with his psycts. I Approved For Release 2006/01/03: CIA-RDP80-01 601R0Q THE STAFF 3-9 MARCH 1972 Open letter to Nat Hentoff & The Village Voice - Feb. 15, 1972 Dear Nat, For the past couple of months I've been investigating the Manson case, and there is evidence of involvementwith Scientology and the CIA. During the course of my research I discova?- ed that John Leonard's double review of American GrotesgL-.'.y James Kirkwood and A Heritage of Stone by .Jim Garrison had been cut short, with meaning changed, by the New York Times. On December 1, 1970, under the headline, "Who Killed John F. Kennedy?" the review in the early edition of the Times concluded: (Garrison) insists that the Warren Commission, the executive branch of the government, some members of the Dallas Police Department, the pathologists at Bethesda who performed the -second Kennedy autopsy, and many, many others must have known they were lying to the American public. Mysteries Persist Frankly, t prefer to believe that the Warren Commission didapoor job, rather than a dishonest one. / like to think that Mr. Garrison invents monsters to explain incompetehce. (In the next edition, the review enc(ed at this point, chopped off in mid-paragraph. The headline was changed to "The Shaw-Garrison Affair" and the sub-head disappeared altogether. In the original version it continued:) But until somebody explains why two autopsies came to two different conclusions about the President's wounds, why the limousine was washed out and rebuilt without investigation, why certain witnesses near the "grassy knoll" were never asked to testify before the Commission, why we were all so eager to buy Oswald's brilliant marksmanship in split seconds, whyno one inquired into Jack Ruby's relations with a staggering variety of strange people, why a "loner" like Oswald always had friends andcouldalways get a passport - who can blame the Garrison guerrillas for fantasizing? Something stinks about this whole affair. "A Heritage of Stone" rehashes the smelliness; the recipe is as unappetizing asour doubts about the official version of what happened. (Would then-Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy have endured his brother's murder in silence? Was John Kennedy quite so' liberated from cold war cliches as Mr. Garrison maintains?) But 0-f- h' it. d !' 4- 11 f n frontal shot? Why was his body whished away to Washington before the legally required Texas inquest? Why? John Leonard became editor of the New York Times Book Review in January 1971. The Timeshas never reviewed any of Dick Gregory's four books. Here is an author who went from being a pioneer for black performers on television to being a write- in presidential candidate, yet he was ignored; only now with his latest book does the Times present a review, and that is critical of Gregory for his paranoid conspiracy theories and facts. linking the CIA with several assassinations. The Times has never reviewed my own book, How a Satirical Editor Became a Yippie Conspirator in Ten Easy Years (published by Putnam). I wrote to Leonard,. trying to find out why. Since the Realist was the first contemporary underground paper -and since the book was praised lavishly by Joseph Heller, Groucho Marx, Terry Southern, Kurt VonnegutJr., Susan Sontag, Julius Lester and others -a review would have seemed appropriate. Leonard wrote back to me, saying: "We have a review of your book in the house; it's not a very good one, I'm afraid." Even that never appeared. I've since found out that the review was extremely favorable, and the critic was paid for it. So John Leonard Iied to me. I publicly accuse the CIA of controlling the New York Times policy. Among other things, my book quotes MortSahl on the TV show from which he was fired: "I went to the Archives (and saw) the Zapruder f i l m. I was in therefor several hours, running it, then looking at it frame by frame on a slide projector. When the President Js first struck it seems that he's struck in the back. It's reasonably obvious looking at it, you don't have to be a ballistics expert. Then he's struck in the throat -and his hands go up-andhe begins to fall slowly into Mrs. Kennedy's lap, he sags as the life goes out of him, and then he's hit in the head, and as he's hit in the head it's the force of a train hitting you. The President is hit from the right front. I saw it repeatedly. I saw a major portion of his skull fly to the rear and to the left. (Audience recoils audibly.) Yes, it's shocking, and it'll help any of you who can't make up your mind about where you are in this. . ra STATINTL freedom of the press. However, the material was critical of Johnson, not Nixon. And, although the Times ran the full Warren Commission Report all in one day's edition, they serialized the Pentagon Papers, thus setting the stage for the court battle which -even though so many never actually read through the material - nevertheless left the image that the Times would stand up to the government when it came to the first amendment. That line of credibility established; they could then come out editorially in favor of Nixon's peace proposal to Vietnam, that a junior high school student could see through so easily. When World War Two ended, Werner von Braun was not the only Nazi the United States acquired. This country also imported German Intelligence experts who organized the CIA here. Fascism grow- through control of the most important media, as well as the legal processes. It's foolish tobel ieve that the Rand Corporation could engineer a dictatorship in Greece but not here; or that the CIA could plot the assassination of Malcolm X and Martin Luther King and Bobby Kennedy but not Kent State and Jackson State and, yes, even Sharon Tate. and the others, partly as a propaganda device to discredit the communal. family, psychedelics, rock lyrics -all the things-that add up to a cultural revolution that could affect the American economy which is based on a kind of mindless productivity. Even if Paul Revere were a paranoid schizophrenic it doesn't mean the British weren't coming. - Love, Paul Krassner The Realist 1772 Vallejo San Francisco, Calif. 94123 L.4:.. ,c y c s ere, an c ings o eac o us The f fight over the Pentagon Pap r a Why were Kennedy's necap~~q~pfidnPbrsFd@14t~1@a~Q~l6k@1,Qr~ar 4OFW?bt01601 R000800280001-6' examined at Bethesda for v once of a seem as though the Times were fighting for STATI NTL Approved$WIeMOMOID6~MId-01601 R000800280001-6 24 Feb 1972 e In n 'tuft d fflsssasTht( Last semester, students of the seminar course Historical Method studied the assassination of President-John F. Kennedy. They began' with a reading of Josiah Thompson's book Six Seconds in Dallas and then pursued their own individual lines of research. Class time was devoted to a discussion of their findings and a preparation for further investigation. At the end of the course a number of the students prepared papers on their special topics of interest. Jim GarrIson's,'.lnvestigation ALTHOUGH THERE ISNO INCONTROVERTIBLE EVIDENCE to prove that John F. Kennedy was murdered by a conspiracy iil assassins, there is good reason to think-that he was. The conspiracy may have originated within the U.S. Government )pelf. Kennedy was well aware of the immense power of the mAmerican intelligence establishment and sought to curtail Its operations. The Central Intelligence Agency, in parti- Cular, with its invisible machinery and its pervasive connec- tlons among the military an4.petroleum industries, appeared INwruly and uncontrollable to the young President. In 1961 he ordered it to reduce its foreign and military operations, and In 1963 he closed its guerilla training camps for anti-Castro refugees. His intention, according to The New York Times (April 25, 1966, p. 20), was to 'splinter the CIA into a thousand pieces and scatter it to the winds.' After the Bay of Pigs (lasco, he demanded the resignation of CIA chief Allen belles (who later served on the Warren Commission) and his immediate subordinates. The threat to the CIA was Unmistakable. THE INTELLIGENCE ESTABLISHMENT WAS FURTHER antagozined by Kennedy's political and economic decisions. the President informed Secretary of Defense Robert Mac- Namara of his resolution to end U.S. involvement in Vietnam after the 1964 elections. This position not only struck at the heart of U. S. anti-Communists whose vanguard was the CIA, but also at defense-related industries which feared losing Tuley contracts. The air industry was disturbed by the pros- Pect of losing leverage over the luxuriant oil deposits off the Coast of Southeast Asia. The petroleum industry was fearful of Kennedy's plan to cut its depletion allowance from 27% to 6%. This plan, which lay unfinished at Kennedy's death, Would have reduced the profits of major oil companies by 2(1% and increased federal revenues tremendously. In his liberalization of natioal policies through income redistri- U bution, John Kennedy was again acting counter to the de- sires of the CIA, which increasingly viewed him as its primary nemesis. GIVEN ITS OBVIOUS MOTIVES, DID THE CIA INDEED liquidate its enemy? Is there evidence of a CIA-inspired coup? Many writers think so, and they have gathered much information to support' their claim. The most potent and controversial among them is Jim Garrison, District At- torney of New Orleans. In the following paragraphs we shall be concerned with his investigation of the President's assassination. GARRISON'S INITIAL INQUIRY BEGAN WHEN IT WAS learned that Lee Harvey Oswald, the accused killer, had lived in New Orleans for most of 1963 (he was in fact born there). A routine check was made, with no significant results. Two years later, after talking to members of the Warren Comission who admitted gaps in its work, Garrison formed a research team to reexamine the case. His investigation produced front-page headlines, involved a mysterious death and climaxed in the acquital of Clay Shaw, the only man tried for conspiring to kill John Kennedy. Garrison is currently under Federal indictment for taking bribes, a charge he and his supporters denounce as governmental retaliation for his probing into the assassination. IN POINT OF FACT, GARRISON DID DISCOVER A GREAT number of peculiar incidents surrounding the event. Con- trary to the Warren Commission's finding that Oswald acted alone, the majority of witnesses on Dealey Plaza heard gunfire from the grassy knoll in front of the President. Seven of them reported seeing smoke rise from the area. At least nine men were -arrested in the vicinity immediately after the. assassination, but their names have never been released and their identities remain unknown. The car in which the President rode was not examined and photographed, Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001i~ nuod Approved For qMO 1/ Q P8O-01601ROOO8OO281A INTL Feb 1972 WHO SHOT PRESIDENT KENNEDY or Fact and Fable in History Gareth Jenkins Cambridge School of Weston Weston, Mass. "I do not know who killed Kennedy nor their motives, etc. But I think I have shown satisfactorily from physical evidence ... that Oswald alone could not have shot President Kennedy. . . . There was a conspiracy, to the extent that his accomplice(s) remain undiscovered. " Nov. 22, 1971 was the eighth anniversary of the assassination of President John F. Kennedy in Dallas, Texas. What follows here are some observations on the treatment of that event by the special investi- gatory commission set up by the then-new President Lyndon B..Johnson (the "Warren Commission"). I will concentrate on the implausibility of the "facts" as- sembled by that commission to support their conten- tion that a single man, Lee Harvey Oswald, was sole- ly responsible for Kennedy's death. It ismy counter- .contention that the bare physical evidence published by the commission itself, fragmentary as it is, does not support the commission's main findings in the least. On the contrary, this article shows - using the Commission's own cited evidence - that at least two gun men - Oswald possibly being one of them - cut Kennedy down in a hail of bullets,on Nov. 22, 1963. The other person (or persons) involved are still at large. First. let me express a note on the documentation in this article. The Warren Commission published its one-volume, 888-page report on Sept. 23. 1964, and published a short time later a 26-volume compendium of hearings, depositions, and exhibits accepted in evidence before the commission. Citations to the report itself are denoted by the initials WR (Warren Report) and the page number, thus: (WR435), citations to the 26 volumes of hearings are denoted by Roman numerals; as an example; (XXX,114) denotes Volume 25. page 114 of Hearings/Exhibits. See the bibli- ography at the end of this articl-e.for citations from other sources. hundreds taking pictures (of great importance later on for the investigation) all along the parade route. At the corner of Elm and Houston Streets in Dal- las, somewhat past the densest crowds and the city center, the motorcade approached a tall building -known as the Texas School Book Depository (TSBD), which housed firms dealing in book distribution and 'other firms in other lines of business. At 12:30 p.m. CST Kennedy's car had just passed this building, moving at about 10 mph, when several shots rang out. The first shot hit President Ken- nedy in the upper back (or neck) and, according to the Warren Commission, passed completely through him at the neck to hit Gov. Connally (seated on a jump seat directly in front of Kennedy) in the mid- back. This first shot broke Connally's fifth rib - right side - and passed out of his body to the front also, where it fractured his right wrist and lodged finally in his left mid-thigh. The second shot fired at the motorcade (all shots were later said to have come from the sixth floor of the TSBD) was a probable miss. In any case a bullet did hit the sidewalk near President Kennedy's car, throwing fragments which slightly wounded a bystander, James T. Tague, on the cheek. The third shot hit President Kennedy in the head, Inflicting a mortal wound, from which he died 30 minutes later. A capsule summary of the main events and offi- cial findings according to the Warren Commission report runs like this. President Kennedy, on a political fence-mending trip in Texas in late Nov. 1963, was scheduled to address an open-air rally at the Trade Mart in Dal- las on Nov. 22. His arrival was to be in the grand manner. with an open-car motorcade through the city to precede the speech. Kennedy, his wife Jacque- line, (now Mrs. Aristotle Onassis), Governor John Connally (now Secretary_of the Treasury), his wife, and two Secret Service-agents (one driving) were the occupants of the lead car in the noontime par- ade. The?crowds were heavy and enthusiastic, witr~ Approved For Release 2006/01/03 In the ensuing melee and-pandemonium, specula- tion, rumors, and conflicting eye-witness reports of many kinds Circulated. No suspect, armed or otherwise, was detained on the spot, though several hobos in a nearby railroad stockyard were picked up for questioning. About an hour later a Dallas police officer, J. D. Tippit, was shot to-death in the Dallas Oak Cliff district, resulting in a huge dragnet that bagged Lee Harvey Oswald in a. movie theater at 1:45 p.m. Oswald was booked at 2 p.m., and shortly thereafter charged with the murders of both Officer Tippit and President Kennedy. A rifle, thought to be the assassination weapon, ~yhad been found on the SC:~A-RDF'8~f Ot~~OT W60b* $~~$1 Ii~UU~i9hed later Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601 R0008002800d~T61,TINTL PHILADELPHIA, PA. INQUIRER M - 463,503 8 - 867,810 ~f f' ` 1 i 1 A `Conspiracy' That Never Was The theory that the assassination of President John F. Kennedy was planned and carried out by a wicked conspiracy at the highest echelon in the government, in which both the FBI and the CIA played a role, is based, in large part, on negative evidence. The Warren Commission, after its extensive investigation, concluded That Kennedy had been killed by a single assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, acting alone. The very existence of the Warren Commis- sion and its conclusions, however, have been cited by those with a conspiratorial frame of mind to prove how deep and wide the supposed conspiracy was and is. Naturally, the conspira- tors would hang together. After all, you wouldn't expect them to admit it. As the Minister of War remarked in Anatole France's coruscating satire on the Dreyfus affair in France, "Penguin Island," the alleged conspiracy "was invulner- able because it, was invisible." The conspiracy theorists have asserted that the X rays and photographs taken of the mar- tyred President would, if revealed to the pub- lic, disprove the Warren Commission's con- clusion that the President had been struck by two bullets, both fired from the rear. The Kennedy family has permitted only govern- ment representatives to examine these X rays and photographs, until now, on the ground that they are too sickening to be spread out for the public view. Now, however, the family has permitted Dr. John K. Lattimore, a New York physician who has written widely on the'subject of the Ken- nedy assassination, to examine the 65 items in the National Archives, and he has concluded that, as he told a New York Times interviewer, they "eliminate any doubt completely" about .the validity of the Warren Commission's con- clusion. Critics of the Warren report assert that one of the two shots that killed the President had been fired from the front, No one has ever been able to find the supposed second assas- sin or even evidence that there was one on the grassy knoll to the front of the Presiden- tial automobile. Dr. Lattimore concludes, upon examination of the bullet trajectories, that if anyone were to have shot the President from the front "they would have had to be squat- ting on the floor of the car in front of him." It may be that not until all the horrible pictures are made public that the doubters will be satisfied. But more likely, not even then. For the conspiracy theory is also fed by cynics and swallowed by the gullible, upon both of whom evidence, however compelling, does not have much effect. In the former category there is New drleans District Attorney Jim Garrison, who has charged, with no tangible evidence, that the CIA was "deeply involved in the assassina-- tion" an who spent a couple of years trying to prove that a prominent New Orleans eq- trepreneur, Clay Shaw, was a participant. A unanimous jury found Shaw innocent. Last month, Garrison himself was indicted by a 'grand jury on charges of income tax evasion and a conspiracy to bribe law enforcement of- ficers. Garrison thereupon blamed his indict- ment on harassment by, a government deter- mined to continue to hide its conspiracy, and no doubt there are those who believe him. What those with rational doubts ought to ponder, however, is how it happens that, after all the government secrets that have been spilled in recent years, not a single member of what would have had to be a widespread conspiracy has ever breathed a word about it in more than eight years. Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001=6 Approved For Relea0M006iS17t ,ClA? >9 601 2 DEC. 1971 ort - ahl 'hrows -13'arns, M _ - 'S k .i's at Jesse Audience Political satirist Mort Sahl took an uncharacteristic sober pause in his fast-paced routine of acidic barbs at Americans and their institutions before a student-dominated audience of about 1,200 persons Wednesday night at Jesse Aduitorium. "You are a fist that can be splintered into so many fingers," Sahl warned. "Stop thinking of issues as isolated things. They're all vertebrae along the same line. They've all got to do with saving America." Sahl allowed his advice to "sink in" a moment tier continued his rambling one- after-another commentary of jabs at the various "vertebrae" he mentioned, suggesting connections between all of the country's problems. He took special attention to degrade the official in- vestigations of the assassinations of John F. Kennedy, Dr. Martin Luther King and Robert F. Kennedy, charging that high-placed Central Intelligence Agents and military officials have tried to suppress unpublicized evidence waling with the cases. "The CIA hired five lawyers - and you can quote me - to defend Clay Shaw and they're still on salary," Sahl charged in another relatively serious moment. Shaw was un- successfully charged by New Orleans district attorney Jim Garrison with conspiring to murder the late President. "The evidence shows that President Kennedy was the only roadblock to escalation of the Asian land war," Sahl said. " P,'hen he died, we had 14,000 men in Vietnam - all Green Beret volunteers and a total of 137 men had been killed in 3 years. Within.11 months after Lyndon Johnson took over, 550,000 men were there, the draft call was up, and we were losing 130 men a week." He said implications that the Joint Chiefs of Staff, CIA and FBI were involved in the murder are "extremely grave." Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001-6 Approved For 1'i$80-01601R~ The Assassination of President John F. Kennedy:. A Model for Explanation Vincent J. Salandria, Attorney Philadelphia, Pa. STATII'Il "While the researchers have preoccupied themselves with how the assassination was accom- plished, there has been almost no systematic thinking on.ty President Kennedy was killed. " (Based on an address at the conference of the New England Branch of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom, Cambridge, Mass., Oct. 23, 1971.) For almost eight years the American people have failed to address themselves to the crucial issue of why President John F. Kennedy was killed. Much val- uable time has been lost; it is becoming increasing- ly clear that our delay has cost mankind dearly. I urge that no one drop this question, for to do so is to abandon the serious search for'peace internation- ally and for domestic tranquility. Since November 22, 1963, when President Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, there has been a great deal of research into the micro-analytic aspects of the assassination. I have been among the earliest and guiltiest of the researchers in my protracted analyses of the shots, trajectories and wounds of the assassination. The ransacking of the facts of the assassination is not a source of pride for me but. rather of ug ilt. While the researchers have in- volved themselves in consuming preoccupation with the micro-analytic searching for facts of how the assassination was accomplished, there has been al- most no systematic thinking on why President Kennedy was killed. We have neglected this essential work of constructing a model of explanation which fits the data of the assassination and explains the why of it. Conspiracy One who takes the trouble to study the micro- analytic material provided by the federal govern- ment must immediately conclude that there was a con- spiracy to kill President Kennedy. How foolish it was of us to dwell so long on these governmentally supplied pacifiers, rather than to put them aside and undertake the serious work of constructing a model of explanation. In this connection it is im- portant to take note that the very organization which made that mass of detailed microanalytic evi- dence available to us - the federal government - contended from the first that there was no conspir- acy. But, the federal government's intelligence agencies must have known that the material which the government issued would indicate a conspiracy exist- ed.- Then why did we get the evidence? one'hand wish to provide us with data which prove a conspiracy to kill President Kennedy and simultane- ously contend on the other hand that there was no conspiracy? So overwhelming and voluminous is the evidence of conspiracy provided for us by the government that we are compelled to conclude that if not the, at least a number of possible plots, were meant by the conspirators to be quasi-visible. The federal gov- ernment has deluged us with evidence that cries out conspiracy. Another theoretical problem confronts us. If the killers were positioned in the highest echelons of the federal governmental apparatus, and by the as- sassination they had finally usurped the pinnacle governmental power, then why did'they not conceal the conspiracy? For, if they had accomplished a coup, they could have exercised their control by concealing evidence of conspiracy. But this coup was covert. The people would not have tolerated an overt coup against such a beloved man as President John F. Kennedy. Because of the covertness of the coup, I propose the explanatory thesis that the new governmental rulers were eager to reveal their work at differing levels of certainty to diverse people and at different times. In this way, they could avert a concerted counter thrust to their illegit- imate seizure of power. Democratic forces could not unite against the new illegitimate governmental apparatus because of timing. The insights of what had occurred dawned in the minds of the decent cit- izens at different times and with different degree- of clarity. The transparent aspects of the conspir- acy were permitted to flash signals to various ele- ments of our population, much in the fashion of spot ads slanted at different times for selected audi- ences. The new rulers carefully and selectively orchestrated revelations of their bloody work, so as to gain therefrom the. deference to which they felt they were entitled by their ascendancy to ab- solute power. I have long believed that the killers actually preempted the assassination criticism by supplying the information they wanted revealed and also by supplying the critics whom they wanted to This question presents ?a,se yuosrltheeo ~tFal 2006/01k4XIK14gW J sI QN0akeUQQar lithe problem. Wh would d the f ~a''tee{{n n Ilff p SU O=O FOB?~ Approved For el2ea$sg 006101103 : CIA-RDP80-01 'C arx 'e NEW ORLLANS, Nov. 27 (UPI)-Special Prosecutor Benjamin E. Smith dropped state , gambling and bribery ;charges Friday against Dis- trict Attorney Jim Garrison, saying the federal govern- ment's refusal to supply him, with evidence in the case makes prosecution impossible. Smith's action cleared the way for the federal govern- ment to proceed with its case charging Garrison with taking payoffs to protect illegal pin- ball operations in Nev., Or- leans. Smith, however, said he would continue with a state malfeasance charge that ac- cuses Garrison of having him- self indicted on state charges in order to "weasel out" of similar federal counts. Tile U.S. attorney's office charged Garrison June 30 on the bribery and gambling counts. Garrison countered that he was being persecuted, for his contention that certain government agencies were re- sponsible for the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. Last week Garrison went be- fore his own Orleans Parish Grand Jury and had himself and nine co-defendants in- dicted on state charges iden- tical to the federal counts. In dropping the state charges, Smith said there was "110 reliable evidence on which to proceed with the indict- ment" since all corroborative evidence is in the custody of the U. S. attorney, who refused to release it to the state. "Phis incl it des marked.; money, electronic recordings' and tapes and key witnesses," Smith said. Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601R000800280001-6 Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601R00080028 ;;PHOENIX, ARIZ. REPUBLIC 2i - 166 , 541 ?. $ -- 252,975 !Editor, The Arizona Republic: Northern Arizona University recently hosted Mort Sahl - comedian now poiit Salll talked for more than two hours. ical commentator. It was a painful ex-, There were no police. There were no perience. FBI or CIA" men who identified then'- selves. There was no one who came to Sahl began his presentation Nvith.the silence him. story of an accident he had had recently ,near Winslow. When the police arrived - He finished his talk and walked freely as lie tells it -- (even though he was off the stage. Ile'-had spoken lightly of ;seriously hurt) they began to give him a our flag in conjunction with his jokes. shakedown and search his car, con,- Ile had made terrible a c c u s, a t ion s pletely remiss'of (him) the victim. ?, against our leaders and our law enforces He described one of the officers as ment abgencies. having . a "Marine haircut, with an But I couldn't help thinking that the American flag on top of his head." of grand old lady of liberty was still there. her garments had b e hefoul_d, course the. flag and the iniplicatioll that 1 hough we live in a police state made good 'though she lied been profaned and ridi- material for a joke. Puled, she still proudly hold her torch ' ae1J. men tie gave us a dries Vl ' 1 _i, A real autopsy had '-.ever been per= of the We President people, and its x.c:hls, she still allowed n the bod d f y o orme John F. Kennedy, and the report of said amen to speak freely even at the risk of autopsy was a lie. Several days before her own destruction. I wonder if Sahl/ he was killed, President Kennedy had would explain this? issued a standing order that all Anheri MICHAEL J. IBEJSCII, can troops were to leave Vietnam, Flagstaff Lee Harvey Oswald had been a former member of the FBI, and-also a "run- nei.'" of information for the CIA and o`h- J er U.S. intelligence agencies. Soon after his inauguration, President Johnson be- gan a sharp increase of our forces in Vietnam. Sahl's conclusion: That our CIA, FBI, and Lyndon Baines Johnson had had a hand in the death of President Ken- . nedy.. And so Sahl's presentation went on. One might go so far as to say that he ,.had these collegians in his hip pocket, which I feel is right where he wanted them - with one exception. Halfway through his performance, one lone but courageous man stood up and shouted a reply to Said that everyone might hear. "Sharrle on you," his an- guished voice pierced the auditorium, "Shame on.all of you. Do you dare even to listen to such a man?" For me, it was the high point of the evening. Amidst the 'jeers and moments of confusion until the man was ushered out, I could not help but feel that his love for freedom was sincere and gen- uine; and that it. didn't make any differ- ence whether he wasAf2prcQYYiEor Release 2006/01/03 CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001-6 .ih of her nation, its And in the p^, Approved FWFWP '28O6/ 3:. RDP8O-01601 NOV 19 (1 " '~' ASSASSINATION OF )b `1~~i~3E~'~'1Df..Nt~~:~;'i'ii: e F E T KE ~l"v THE PA TTE PN OF COUP DTH A T AND PU 'LKK DE-CEP :.ION Edmund C. Berkeley Editor, Computers and Automation "We must begin to recognize history as it is happening to its. We can no longer toy with illusions. Our war adventures in Asia are not related to national security in any rational sense. ... A coup d'etat took place in the United States on November 22, 1963. when STATI NTL President John F. Kennedy was assassinated." In May.1970,Computers and Automation published a 32-page article "The Assassination of President Ken- nedy: the Application of-Computers to the Photo- graphic. Evidence" by Richard E. Sprague. The author made the following important statements (among others) which bear on the subject'of this article: (Beginning of Quotation) Who Assassinated Praskiant Kennedy? On November 22, 19'63, in Dallas, Texas, President John F. Kennedy, while riding in an open limousine through Deal-ey Plaza and waving to the surrounding crowds, was shot to death. Lee Harvey` Oswald, an ex-Marine, and former visitor to the Soviet Union, was arrested that afternoon in a movie theatre in 'another section of Dallas; that night he was charged with shooting President Kennedy from the sixth floor -easternmost window of the Texas Schcol Book Deposi- tory Building overlooking Dealey Plaza. This act Oswald denied steadily through two days of question- ing (no record of questions and answers was ever preserved). Two days later while Oswald was being transferred from one jail to another, he was shot by Jack Ruby, a Dallas night-club owner, in the basement of the Dallas police station, while mil- lions of Americans watched on television. The com- mission of investigation, appointed by President Lyndon B. Johnson, and headed by Chief Justice Earl Warren of the U. S. Supreme Court, published its report in September 1964, and concluded that Oswald was the sole assassin and that there was no conspiracy. - In'view of the authority of the warren Commis- sion, that conclusion was accepted by many Americans for a long time. But the conclusion cannot be con- sidered true by any person who carefully considers the crucial evidence - such as the physics1of the shooting, the timing of a number of events, and other important and undeniable facts. In other words, Oswald was-not the sole assassin, and there was a conspiracy. This article will develop that thesis, prove it to be true on the basis of substantial, conclusive evidence, and in particular some analysis of the photographic evidence. There was in fact a conspiracy. Oswald played a role in the conspiracy, although there is con- clusive evidence that on November .22. 1963, he did ably four) - none of whom were in the sixth floor easternmost wind;,: of the Texas School Book Depos- tory building where the warren Commission placed Oswald - fired a total of six shots at President Kennedy. One of these shots missed entirely; one hit Governor John B. Connally, Jr., of-Texas, riding with Kennedy; and four hit President Kennedy, one in his throat, one in his back, and two in-his head. (The bulk of the undeniable evidence for these state- ments about the shots consists of: (a) the physics of the motions of Kennedy and Connally shown in some 60 frames of the famous film by Abraham Zapruder; (b)?the locations of the injuries in Kennedy and i-t Connally; and (c) more than 100 pictures, consist- ing of more than 30 still photographs and more than 70 frames of movies.) More than 50 persons were involved in the con- spiracy at the time of firing the shots. These persons included members of the Dallas police force- (but not all of the Dallas police '- and that ac_ counts-for some strange events), elements of.the Central Intelligence Agency, some anti-Castro Cuban exiles, some adventurers from New Orleans, and some other groups.- After the assassination, sbme very highly placed persons in the United States government became accessories to the crime. In other words, they participated in assiduous con- cealment of important facts, in shielding the per- petrators of the crime, and in spreading a thick layer of rewritten history (in the manner of George- Orwell's famous novel "1984") over the whole crime. Of course, asserting these statements makes theca neither true nor believable. Without very strong evidence, it would be evil to make such statements. As to believability, prior to District Attorney, Jim Garrison's trial of Clay Shaw in New Orleans in Feb. and March, 1969, public opinion polls in the United States showed that over 75 percent of the people in the United States believed that there' .was a conspiracy. The press, radio, and TV almost everywhere in the United States reported Garrison's investigation and the New Orleans trial in a very distorted way. Furthermore, Garrison did not prove to the satisfaction of the New Orleans jury that Clay Shaw was involved in the conspiracy, even though he proved that Shaw knew and met Oswald. .The news media of the United States (except for two newspapers in New Orleans) reported the trial in such a .way as to show that' no conspiracy existed. J no shooting at President Kennedy, and that, just e a r 1 c I n S public as he claimed when he waAPPkQ/WiFAr ,igaAe 2006/01/ x -} FQ ~ the was a "patsy." At least three gunmen (and prob- poll percentages. Approved For Release 2006/01/03 ;,CIS-F3,P80-01601 R .LC At Comm) '? ec .. 10 ja -b R By Ann-Mary Currier Globe Staff Skeptics over the gov-' ernment's explanation of the assassination of Presi- dent Kennedy were given some new theories yester- day 'at -a meeting of the Women's International League for' Peace and Freedom in Cambridge. Three speakers reiter- ated the-many criticisms of the findings of the War- ren Commission, which concluded that Lee Harvey Oswald alone killed the President. 9-105 Atty.' Vincent Salandria of Philadelphia explained to some 100 women and a few men at St. Peter's Episcopal Church his the- ory that the Central In- telligence A g e n c y was largely responsible for the killing and that McGeorge .Bundy, Ford Foundation president and former in- telligence ofcer, was at least aware of its efforts. Manchester architect Robert B. Cutler and Rich- ard Sprague, secretary of the Committee to Investi- gate Assassinations, also spoke. Salandria charged that both the CIA and the n-,ili- tary were involved in. the assassination, which, he said, was intended to elim- inate a thaw'in the Cold War. `"It is not irresponsible to conceive of 'the American military as having been in- volvd in a plot to eliminate Kennedy to assure contin- uation of the Cold War," he told the audience. However, he did not blame the military entire- ly. He said: "I view it (the Cold War) as a cooperative effort (by Anu?ican and Russian intelligence agen- cies) to foist on both the American and Russian ci- vilian populations ail enro- mous military-intelligecce budget. "The intelligence appa ratus which killed Kenne- dy had a need to keep our. society in turmoil," Salan- dria said. "It had - in order to maintian its powe - to generate a high de- gree of chaos," Salandria said. At first, the attorney said, the government in- tensified-- us under the guidance of Bundy, in- volvement in the war in Indochina and now, that "The Vietnamese war has been rejected by our people gical CIA sees the need to/ a discussion of the media's bring the war holne." Y responsibility in a democ- . Salandria charged that the CIA and former goven- ment intelligence officials ike Brundy are pormoting "The polarization of our society" and that "lake re- volutionaries .. . are incit- ing insurrection in -our cities." - 'He cfte'" k ord Founda . tion's.request for a defini tion of powers before i would grant funds to th ;Ocean Hill-Brownsvill 'decentralization project a an event which led to the New York teachers' strike of 1959; the foundation's funding of the autobiogra- phy of Black Panther lead- er . 1-luey Newton; and grants which have piitted some minority leaders against others. Salandria also warned that the Pentagon papers may be "designed as a thrust against the military by the CIA", charging that Dr. Daniel Ellsberg, who claimed to have leaked the papers to the 'press, is a former. CIA agent, he said: "in my assassination re- search, - I ]earned that ex-CIA people who under- took work to assist the re- search on the Kennedy as- sassination invariably turned out to be present CIA people." The league devoted three of its five sessions to the assassination. The others were a report on China by Mrs. Ruth Gage-Colby, league representative to the United Nations, who racy. . Founded in- 1915 to pre- vent future conflicts like World War I, the league has sent representatives to disarmament conferences and to trials,. of minority persons or dissenters, and boycotted war producers. r Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001-6 TRENTON, N. J. TIMES E - 81,855 TIMES-ADVFRTISER S 102,, 422 T 17 1 Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01 Fy JON-,E D IRLM:iG Star, 't riter NEWTO N - Comedian luort Sahl, who some critics have said died just about the time Lenny Bruce took his drug overdose, was sitting in the recreation room of one of those suburb ii middle-class homes Mbert Young always lives in, trying to kill time before his & p.m. concert. What he was doing was the thing he does best, talking in his inimitable, seemingly disjointed tray. His day so far had been miserable. There had been a communications foulup-over the time his plane from Mobile was to arrive, and he had had. to rent.a car and drive to Bucks County instead of being picked up at the airport. And on top of that, his hack, vhi'ell had been broken for the second time in an automobile accident earlier in the year, was bothering him and he was taking drugs to ease the pain. - Maybe, as they had with Bruce, the drugs helped him in other ways, too. Because he kept talking. And not even a two-year-old competing for the small audience's atten- tion could shut hint up. - No One Like Him The truth is nobody wanted to. There just aren't that many people around with Sail ' I's versatile approach to things. and there is probably no one who can, all in one breath, go through Gloria SteineAi, Truman Capote, Vietnam, Spiro Agnew, late. night TV talk shows, George Jackson, why he has to be at Kennedy Airport by 11 .o-clock, Said Alinsky, the CIA, ale, then bring hhusell back to Gloria 6-tell,-m, the way Sahl can. And have it still niaLe sense. To Sahl, everything, it semis, is some. how inextricably woven together. ' D1UC11 UL 11, - L111Uac, to ivau -- .. ??_L,a vu and is material that he has usedv many Sen. P.obart F. Kennedy and the I.ei` Dr. lacks haven't objected to," be said. Then: s D ti L th p u e o times before: But, still, there \ppi U Fot ."PO 019 #ijl~ ' r - 016018000800280001-6 of spontaneous perception and delight. Kennedy had probably been drugged during the tragedy at. Chappaquiddick. - - _ . , 9 1' -r^ 7.1 ~7 r? f t l "Tbe reason Teddy Ke,inecly hasn't told where be was," Sahl said. 'Operation Lead Start' But not all of the comedian's indictments ~of the CIA were quite. that iniproblibl---. At another point, he said, ?'1f your school is suffering from acadeiuic- inertia, you know;', no ROTC buildings have been burned in a while ... then call the CIA or the FBI and they'll dispatch a boy with a beard and shades, and he'll burn something. It's call- ed Operation I-lead Start." But Sal-.!, who first gained .national recog- nition fc;: coil cdi~c talents 'when Pichad Nixon s.: making his first run for the presidency, was at his funniest when talk- ing about the president. Listening . to Nixon, he said, is "like listening to the captain of the Titanic." ' L-./ ( 2'l / l> At one point as he was talking, Sahl noticed a small brown acid white dog named Ilobo playing in the yard outside. "You -know, it's really true now that the dog is man's best friend. Man has certainly given up that role,'." he quipped. And later, speaking of a continent he attributed to James Baldwin that the white man had taken away Baldwin's pride-, dig- nity and manhood, .Saint said, "I may have taken away his priSlc and dignity, but I sure as- hell didn't take away his man- hood." 'What Can You Say?' Sahl's humor was particularly visceral when he spoke about the lovely Dais, Stet' gem, the women's lib advocate with whom he has done battle several tines on nation- al TV. 'Agnew isBa one thrown to the liberals to "When she was in college, she used to /chew on. ut he's the same all the time. work for the CIA. What can you say about _Ile's this administration's Nixon," he' said. someone who makes tapes of their friends and then turns them over to Washington?" he said. "And she can't even -make x cup of instant coffee and has never breast-fed a baby. So what does she know about "Kennedy had, lines on .his face after three years in office, and Johnson came out after five Years looking lire Dorian Gray. But to give you an idea of how Nixon applies himself, take a look at him. He looks great. You know: chat, me worry? So Alfred F: Nixon is going to 'Moscow, huh?" He th n suggested Nixon might learn Communism to teach to the Lockheed Corp. Vice President Spiro Agnew, hog. ever, ' "I could sleep in the salve tent with Agnew. I might keep my eyes open all .- night ]oil-, though.'' Russians Getting Ahead The Vietnam problem is really a simple one, he told (lie audience. "The generals , y, Sall) isn't much different than lie is private- don't want to get out unless you can give ly, though he does tend to be somewhat them an alternative. All you have to do is more paranoid about the paranoia of which say, 'Pack your bags and go to Israel.' But he has been accused' in recent y cars, most they're not sure they want to go to Israel. I of which concerns his contention that the el anxious about anti-Semitism in Russia, CIA and the FBI are directly responsible'$ don't want the Russians to get ahead of for every malevolence directed against the us in that area." _ U.S. since Pearl Harbor was attacked. . Sahl cautioned the students against using Sall] is - serious about his ` belief, in a drugs, because they would then become reigning group of conspirators, and, unless more comfortable. "I don't think any of he one clay indelibly proves his point, that you should be comfortable. You'll become, is unfortunate, because what . it does is benign and then you won't change anything. detract from much of what he has to say ? I'm intoxicated just by living during the Friday night, for example, before an At one point, when he was talking about audience of about 300 in the.'Ruc}:s County the sexual superiority of blacks, Sahl gave Community College gynuiasium, lie sug- an excellent example of the manlier in gestec} rather strongly that not only were which associations whirl throul h his brain, the deaths of President John F. Kennedy, ]'hat's one of the few racial stereotypes On stage where lie makes his mone CO ! iJT ~? AQD fiU_d'U:4,1T 0.'T Approved For F i 1 aiYB06/01/03: CIA-RDP80-01 The f .sscssinaion of President I(eiis.edy Deckussivication of RRelevem.t. ocEt mmeizt,; M'ote't the Not-iorid ArG: ives- "The people of the United States have a right to know, to find out the truth about the lies they bare been told. " Richard E. Sprague Hartsdale, N. Y. The precedent setting ruling on the Pentagon Papers by the U. S. Supi:cme Court produced the revelation that "Secret" and "Top Secret" government documents prove that the American'people have -been deceived and lied to about Vietnam and U. S. involvement for many years. . One of the immediate reactions of an American citi- zen is: "How many other lies have been told by our gov- erning officials, which would be exposed by declassify- Sag and publishing other classified documents?" Resting in a special area in our National Archives are a group of Secret and Top Secret documents pertain- ing to the assassination of President John F. Kennedy in November, 19G3. Publication of these papers should reveal a great deal about that assassination. They may contain the facts about a conspiracy, the names of some .of the conspirators, information about the planning for, and the backing of the conspiracy, and, most importantly, proof that the American public have been told many lies about the assassination by the Warren Connnission and by others. The documents fall into two categories: (1) Warren Commission executive session minutes; and (2) reports submitted to the Commission by government agencies. The former documents were classified top secret by the Warren Commission Itself, and are listed partially in Reference 5. The latter category includes reports from the FBI, CIA, and Secret Service, classified Secret or Top Secret by each agency. The Commission did not actually see most of these documents because they were assembled Ip the Archives after the Commission dis- banded. Reference 6 gives a list of the titles of these documents, the agency Involved, and the document num- ber. The classifications are all Top Secret, Secret, 'or Confidential. how do we know .the documents may be revealing? As In any complex web of information about a sub- ject, correlation of some data with other data, provides a value judgment of validity or significance. In the complex case of the assassination of President Kennedy, it Is necessary to correlate the titles of the documents, dates, and names of the classifying agencies against a vast body of evidence about the assassination. evidence extant and has performed such it correlation against the classified documents. The sources for the evidence gathered are: - Twenty-Six Volumes of Hearings and Exhibits of the Warren Commission - Warren Commission Documents in Archives (About 10 times the size of the 26 Volumes) - Senate Investigation Files (Senator Ed Long, Subcommittee, 1967-65) -- NCTIA Investigations - Books and articles The work of correlating this vast amount of informa- tion is tedious; It requires many people and man-hours. Two computer systems are being developed to help re- searchers and eotlimittce members with the analysis. Enough work has already been done to Illustrate the probable significance of the classified papers. Here are a few examples: Lee Harvey Osv:ald's Relation to the FBI Thesis: Oswald was a paid FBI informer and the Warren Commission probably covered up this fact. Many meetings of the Warren Commission are still classified Top Secret. (See Reference 5.) The dates of many of these sessions follow Immediately after sessions described in a book-2 by Gerald Ford, one of the Com- missioners. At these sessions beginning January 21, 1964, Ford says he Warren Commission was concerned because Wagonner Carr, Texas Attorney General, told them that he had Information about Oswald being a paid informer for the. FBI. The classified sessions would, no doubt, be'very revealing on this subject. The Commission wound up merely asking J. Edgar Hoover whether Oswald was a paid Informer or not. The National Committee to Investigate Assassina- Hoover said no; and that ended the matter as far as the tionsl (NCTIA) has gathered together a vast amount of public record (including Ford's book) is concerned. Approved For Release 2006/01/03 . CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001-6 Approved For Release 200/~1Ugl31~jtJA-RDP80-016 S 1: 1 Z 19, il 11, Al t1i UC TO 110T DOGS ![ ll ~.. Li J a `t^ } i t ' d to Ei,' t e i By ItO"E:l; ELr? RT CHICAGO...... -:. - I went back to establish any motive .. , the Sion of America. Sunset Strip, and John Garfield a Chicago nightclub recently classic American assassin. This style cannot be imitat- picked him up. to c itch Mort Sahl again, and . Right here, for example, I eel bee: use it's more of a per- Thought ~ T found myself sitting next to a have a list of the docunic'!ts sonal revelation than it is a The hIx..i+gs friend who writes for another that the Warren Com r,ission method. It probably is the "Do you young fellows know local newspaper` II- was there has never declassified, anld? most complex verbal style yet what this war's about?" Gar- to do a story on the girl singer they ipciude Jack Ruby's clog- produced b y an American h+.I field asked Sahl. "Do you who also is an the program, tal charts, because Ruby bit norist and in the way it re- know wily we're fighting in and when she'd finished sine Oswald to death, see ...and, ? fleets the niomert to moment Germany?" ing Ivy friend got up to leave. no, really, I broke my back in functioning of a restless mind, less mind Yes, sir," Salil said. I-- asked . hire. if he wasn't Albuquerque, New Mexico, it is the poken equivalent of "Because if you don't," Gar- going to stay and catch SahI, when I drove my car off the some of Faulkner's prose, field said, "there's no use in and he. said he wasn't. I asked road, and there I was down in And yet my friend wouldn't going...." him if he'd ever seen Sah11 this canyon, anG a state troop- stay for Salil because . . Said let that thought hang in work, and he said no, he er drives tip in his ))odge Well, because of the olitical the air for a moment, and then hadn't and he didn't want to Polara - not necessarily the thing. Mort S:ahl, you see, still ye went on to other topics: because Sahl was . . well, lowest bidder - and orders believes the CIA assassinated /Frank Capra, Sidney Poitier, paranoid, yo;? knew, and hung me out of my car. I explain john F. Kennedy, and that the recent popularity of mow up on that political thing, and. that I can't stand up because Clay Shaw was tip to no good i:'s about losers, Nixon ("I've my friend didn't do that gum- I've broken my back, and, be- in New Orleans, and that the been doing stuff on him since her. sides, I'm experiencing a two Kennedy assassinations 1953, and my lips are getting Well, what can yt,1[ say? 'My heady intoxication from being are linked, and that the FBI's tired of forming the sylla- friend left with his story about " hands aren't clean in the bles"). the, girl singer, and I stayed aliti'e in the i\}xon-Agnev~ era got onto the L and watched the finest, quick- ? ? ? and he sees from my li- James Earl Ray case. You And then we will have to listen to Sahl's . Pentagon Papers. ?Sahl had est,. most. intelligent comic cease plates that I'm from evidence on these matters (in- claimed during his act that the- mind in America at work. Be- California, so he measures the c 1 it d i n g some-disturbingly New York Vines hadn't re- cause that is how I feel about flare cf my pants, confiscates frank testimony he reads from printed the Pentagon paper for Mort Salil, you see, and so I a bottle of Vitamin C and the Shaw trial transcript) and Oct. 2, 1963, in which (he said) can't be reasoned with either, busts me ... which is the make up your own mind. President Kennedy ordered all I guess. ' second time I've been lad-as- MIy admiration for Sahl is American troops out of Viet- AJuggler at Work tray by Linus Pawling." based less on the tenacity nam, an order later ? with The fundamental difference which he has pursued the po- drawn. Sahl does do the political in style. between Sahl and oth- litical mysteries of the 1930s "well," Sahl said, "it's all thing during, his current stand er comedians is that he than on his style of doing so. I seeping down now. You can't in Chicago, but it is part of a doesn't do a monologue, he think it's possible to like come- beep people in the dark forev- juggling act that includes cv- does a tapestry. Almost all co- dians. despite their material; if or. And the strange thing, the ery ether subject in the con- medians do linear routines. Mort Said is funny, cynical tragic thing, is that all those temporary zoo. Every time The old-fashioned c o nil c s and adroit in what he has to lies were told in the name of Sahl opens here, the colum- string together jokes (that say about the assassinations, holding it together, of 'main- nists report that he covered most linear of all literary it should be possible to appre- taining credibility. The divi- everything under sun, and forms), and.the newer comics ciate his art entirely apart dead is that, today, no branch then they list everything under impose some kind of an out- from his subject matter. of government can be be- the sun to prove it: Agnew;. side structure like autobiogra- That eras what Sahl was say- lieved. In the movie `Mr. Ralph Nader, Vietnam, Goner- phy, in order to give their es- ing, in fact, about Marlon Smith Goes to Washington,' al Motors, Lockheed, etc. You sentially unrelated material Brando, in a talk wwe had be- you had to strain to believe get the point. the appearance of hanging to- tweed shows. Sahl said he that there could actually be But what you can't under-' gether. didn't like Brando, but that lie one corrupt senator. Today, stand, unless you watch him would stand in line to see him. how many young people he- orks is the v. ay he keeps sev- Unorganized Material in a movie becaus liege there are any senators e he thinks en or eight subjects in the air Sah} works in the opposite 'Brando still has it, and will who aren't corrupt to one do- at once, and gets a lot of his way, seeming to glory in the always have it. "You have to gree or another?" laughs by transpositions and fact that his material seems seprate the man from the per-. ' There was a silence on that the intercutting of non sequi- incredibly diverse and unor- sonal bias, and admire his art note, too, and then Sahl got up turs that, once you've thought ganized. He moves from Pius even if you can't stand him," from the couch were he'd about . them, aren't. Here is kie to air in your hot. dogs to he said. "There are a coup' been resting his back, and his Sahl, for example, begint_ing radical chic parties to Lenny of musicians I also think about v:ife helped him on with. his with an ex planation of his Bruce to Freud, and then re- in that wa brace, and he pulled a sport y." I back brace and then,winging minds himself he was talking I had a list of -questions I shirt over it and got ready to it- about Muskie, and doubles wanted to ask Sahl about his do his second show. "I got it in a car accident back, and free-associates off career, his beliefs and the fact if his back hurts him on a car ran directly into the track in . a new clirection, That New 'Orleans District stage, he doesn't reveal it, and vier after I accused the CIA and d rubles back again, and Atty. Jim Garrison, who pros- lie's doing long s is of an hour of well, never mind ... keeps all of these subjects ecuted Shaw, has been indicted or more, working hard and at - but they caught the guy who, going for 10 minutes at a time. by the federal government, the top of his form. This is his ran his car into mine . . . he Then he snatches a line out of but as it ttutic:Aout the tallied 13th engagement at Chicago's was a lone assassin, his n:ot : 2111 air that somehow, m , Mister Ke11e 's Sipco the mi~d.- cr never . loved him, he h l l @ lit""a 'bpi - }V7SCrt'tfeh FMQ8Qq2&Q ~`@ n;s to be never been a member of any political group ... a loner, in - OOn c,tnu3d np5,~1, .io i POST' 0g/91/ J.f CIA-RDP80-01601R000800280001-6 STATINTL Approved For ReleaseJ 11,~nV.' ~E ?5~~ ~~~ x l:.'c~ R~hTi':a 1:'i a'at~o-'s ~ y;-~y ? lstti~- Al sassinaIIio3a A new and far fetched theory of the assassinations of Presideiit Kennedy, Sen. Rob- ert Kennedy, Dr. Martin Lu- ther King and :Ta_lcol~n x is circulating on Capitol Hill. It is contained in a 14-page re- port buttressed by various' documents, which r,, s put to- gether by Don Riley, a labor union employee and assassina- tion buff from San Francisco. Its conclusion is that all / four were killed by the same "conspirators": CIA agents, anti-Castro Cubans, soone Dal- las police, FBI oli_ratives, "States Righters," Nazis, a "clique of very conservative businessmen (mostly oil)" and . rightwing religious leaders. We have criticized every one of these groups at one time or another. But our own investigations convince us that the new - "theoiy," as earnest and in- genious as it may he, is pure balderdash. Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001-6 V Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601R0008002000 r31~ cr...~ :b , . S T 1:1;11 c'r To i~L/~li.. s h ~ 1 17 A'/ l',.. p p 6 G' GILL LYNC`-1 of The States-Item. Staff BATON 11OUGi -- One of the roosk dif- ficult tasks the federal. government is facing -in prosecuting state officials and local office holders. in connection with organized crime is convincing ti'e public the motivation is not political persecution.- There is an election year in . the state now. and one in the nation next year, two items to bear is mind. State Atty. Gen. Jack P. F. Gremillion, who beat one set of charges and is faced with another, already has sounded his politi- . cal defense in his bid for re-election by claiming federal. persecution of a state offi- cial who tried to help his people.' Why t1;e task is tough When one considers the people of Louisi- ana are somewhat hostile to the federal gov- ernment, chiefly because of the desegrega- tion issue over the years, then it becomes recognizable why the task of prosecuting is tough. :Not only will this apply to persons"at the state level who are caught tit) in the spread- ing investigation of organized crime's influ- ence, but to the local level as well. There is Some indication that it will he almost necessary to educate the public to the idea that the federal task force on or- ganized crime is investi.,ating the Mafia and not conducting a political probe. Dist. /atty. Jim Garrison, for a Prime example, has dismissed the federal bribery charges against him by answering that the Feds were retaliating because of his investi- gation of the Central Intelligence A f? rc gambling-type pinball machine. Many did not and it is known that the federal agents are taking a close look at the vote and those who were actively oppose([ to it. U.S. Atty. Gerald Gallinghouse has al- ready indicated that legislators may be caught up in the pinball machine investiga- Sometimes it seems almost beyond be- lief that the legislation cc,21d have been defeated. in the face of all the testimony from law enforcement official,. that pinballs represented a major s;alre of revenue for organized crime.. The only real F oipe But in reviewing the history of the Leg- islature and the administration in their ap- proach to combatting organized crime and corruption anion; public officials it becomes evident 'that the only real hopa for a resolu- tion of the difficulties is that the federal government is able to carry it off. Local district attorneys, including Garri- son, Sargent Pitcher of Baton Rouge and Sam Cashio of lberville Parish, have consist- ently been accused of failing to enforce the law. During the height of the legislative committee's somewhat lackluster probe, Pitcher was furnished information on pinball gambling produced by the Public Affairs Re- search'as part of its research into the subject for the Governor's Crime Com- mission. However; nothing canie`'of it. ' The state police have formed in organ- ized crime section, but thus far nothing has come of it either-with not even all of the allowed positions'being filled. Under the cur- rent superintendent of public safety, the state police have become more of an intelli- gence gathering unit that posses on informa- tion than an active crime combatant. and the Kennedy assassination. y !A cry for Ct civantlp 1Vith a federal 1 ' b am t gr s luny a out o Con- The cry for a cleanup of corruption in vene in New Orleans to begin taking urp the the state already has been sounded by a Garrison and pinball machine charges, the number of candidates for statewide office, extensive work done by the federal task with Gov. John J. MclCeithcn staunchly de- force may be about to unfold. f . d ;cncemnecl legislators en ing Ius aunirnlstr?atron of the past seven years. What the impact of the federal i li tives ga- While it is in this process, many an lion into organized crime's influene . ' i o~} office holder is sl 1-os drfdr Release 20 611!i' Q 40028OOO1-6 a,QliplsR TPIIAP "I'nr glad I voted right on that bill," one be expected at least to lend impetus to the legisk{tor conirnented in his 1970'vote on the anti-corrcption thane as the campaign prop- is! eg ,:~tion thatou 1. ,..- 0110arrnd the ,?~~.,._ Approved For Release 2006/01/03: CIA-RDP80-01 LAKE CHARLES, LA. AI?ERICAN PRESS JUL > f +'~) E - 31,674 S - 32,358 Finn Vtti,til; .t F 11, is ~. t; , Charges nga.inst Garrison6, who has \vas inforrncd that there was evidence been. one of McKeitheil's clc est allies, of a collusion. between those involved Louisiana h:;.s ,rocinced moan than camiat hell) hit disturb 11'.:: governor, 02', in o "11r1Gect ci ne ca ml City s'ml Sidle its hare cf~ 1 1.1_o-l Political Wires since it adds one 1nC:C public t ioil e n '- S in its ?'istor,Ii ftl':r the old Creel- dais 1a\-; enforcement ofi_cAls mall; against him. In viev.- of the fact The ni yor's cotllrn'ttr;~ cited the to the carp urtio ers and sc~alm r'y of that Atty. Gen. Jac'. Greniilli011 faced failure of city 'Ind. Oie,C1d1S to U:;c^ the hCr[,rES+ lICi10'i Bra. On tIIl'0U l1 1.IC > an m sundry i ,: federal char es in connection 11'tl",. the effc.:cti'; ely existing law, to stop SlI lit: varicus a.,;. Longs F_R anti ~ s c 1 .h~L .c ~,nr t and still :lasts 1)er- and Longs. operatio n , am 1,1E' failure to ~ Cn.^c.t'gc TtiIcKeilnon rlusl1 be la-,vs outlaw the ,10 1i' cj_n ..,>'.SSlOrs of , noal_ wonaerin c;here lightning will Sir):e aill}11 iiit^ a politician who is as much of an P_ Viee enisrna. as Jim Mahon, hot=;Ever. The next. The Mayo'_'sAdvisors' Committee Charf;es that Garrison. toc!', bribes on Crime and Delinquency y -%vas orvied Orleans }'ar1S11 CiiStrlCt ^ItOrPey" 5i:E'.i'r to allow 1. r, I to attract contr0\'ergy the \'r "oilr=``' xr pine11 opCra}:.t+ls irlmunity in in 1953 by 1~,.e of Victor SL:'tlil'O and attracts bees. the lcity is tae first serious ci:are Ie\'-, c,)erated through the remainder of his rI he COil.f1't?'; e1'~y Sli-1llh-1 elect apart rt a top official in this n1%t- e.dininntt2'atiori. The co llie i ttee's first tier, bbut, it i~. not 11)00 first tinge that r e o ;a around Garrison involves the federal eporo is issued on April 1'1, 1?c'~-, and government. Fe lit= been cllal?g;, charges I:a\'C n glade legal'cllll pin- a second report on April. 30, 190. ball gambling'. ' receiving hrlbh> to p gurgle pinball > t,? These t\vO eonlllliUrC reports sho\v gambling 1o continue unharmed in hi:s On. April 1!, 1,.'+69, tree May rs _Ad- that some concerned. citizens, at least jurlrclictioii. ISory Co riniittee on Crime. and De- were aware of a laxity in enforcing'' the Garrison answered the thane by ? lmnquency in lie;'; Orleans reported that tail's against gambling at least as long attempting to arrest the U. S. attorney or;aIu ed crime etiistso in the city andlso as April, 1939. and the head of the federal ant +rike that its greatest source of funds came In .view of the seriousness of the 5`orce 1L1'Ne O Kans. fi01 1 g a r1 b I i 11 ---? handbook layoff charges leveled ag-llnct him, and in vne\',` The charges against Garrison we l,Crtulg and gambling by use of coin, of other evidence that seems to indicate serious ones, indeed, U.Ci the I c4 that ol?ei, E. pin ill machines. that pinball machine operators tivere not the federal government should move On Sept. 3, 1969, the Orleans Pr>r_ prosecuted as they should have been, it . against the chief law enforcement ofzi- is'1 Grand Jun. corifirmed u'ses' fizicl- is our recommendation that D.A. Gar- ter of a major American city is not to mugs. I& Grand Jury subpoena.ect rison resign his position until the matter be lightly dismissed as "a frameup," as operators of the major New Orl-cans has been resolved. Garrison has attempted to do. pinball machine companies. Most of the We will agree that a man accused It has been Garrison's contention operators pleaded the Fifth' Amend- of a crime should be deemed innocent that federal officials have been after lllent. until proved guilty, but we doubt if, his scalp since he attenlnled to prove The mayor's committee reported under the current circumstances, Garri.- that -President John F. Kennedy was that the greatest percentage of the il- son will be able to administer the duties assassinated by the f !_%,.r,:after than Ie al oarnhlincr *. n~:-+rafinnc ?,-rr {nl,nri of his office as i.liev shc,tilci ha arlminic_ by Harvey Oswald. In other words, in lew Orleans bars and taverns. terl Garrison would have us believe that "Many of these locations," the corn- the Nixon a Ed'ministration would stoop mission reported, "are controlled, own- to fabricating criminal charges against eci and operated by underworld char- him because he accused a Democratic actors." acuninistratiozn of wrongdoinl~g , ? The committee reported that pin- The charges against Garrison are ball machine companies. own or contmrJ simply one more blow against GOV. p, New hiinda~ecis of bars and taverns in dJohr, McKeithen's administration, art Orleans, and that there locations here administration. that has already suf- used as' centers for many illegal actiil- fered many blows through charge: of hies other than gambling. corruption and graft, as well as being ~' The coinnlitiee also re_ported that 111 lea uE with the jV"Iafia. "many of the same inb tll distributing The scandal charges have touched icompnies, whose officials took the the Department of Rei-e~nue, the De- Fifth Amendment before the Orleans pertinent of Education, the State: j'ax Parish Grand Jury, were also involved Commission and the Louisiana Racing in business loans from the LL&T." Commission. In addition, the Mctropoli- The tail Crime Ce_n.1n:i.ssio*i of New Orleans the chairman of thr mayor's com- has concisteni:ly czbarged tiia~, imttee reported that in a 1Q1)~c~r ~{'r been rife in. 11 ,t~ Crescent Ci ~V befF die 6 ~yEs~~f 0160.18000800280001-6 Approved For ReLqas ,2A06/0 /Q13 fS ~P ~?` -0160 JTO?ay 1971 THE. CENTRAL. AMERICAN GROTESQUE: An Account of the Clay- Shaw-Jim-Garrison--Affair in the City of New Orleans, by James Kirkwood, 669 pages, Simon and Schuster, $11.95 ThE N \X vo `Something stinks about this whole affair. ...The starch is there and c11nls to each are of us. " Samt,el F Thurston. Newton, Mass. On December 1, 1970, "The New York Times" pub- lished a review by John Leonard of two books. The two books were: A IIEDITAGE Or STOVE, by Jim Garrison, 253 pages, Putnam, $6.95 In the early edition of "The New York Times" the title of the review was: Books of the Times: WHO KILLED JOHN KENNEDY? In the later edition the title of the review was: Books of the Tines: THE SHAW-GARRISON AFFAIR In the early edition, the last 43 lines'of the review read as follows ("he" in the first line be- low refers to Jim Garrison): And he insists that the Warren Commission, the executive branch of, the government, some members of the Dallas Police Department, the pathologists at Bethesda who performed the second Kennedy autopsy, and many, many others must have known they were lying to the American public. Mysteries Persist Frankly, I prefer to believe that the Warren Commission did a poor job, rather than b dishonest one. I like to think that Mr. Garrison invents monsters to explain incompe- tence. But until somebody explains why two autopsies came to two different conclusions about.the-President's wounds, why the limou- sine was washed out and rebuilt without investigation, why certain witnesses near the "grassy knbll" were never asked to testi- fy before the Commission,'why we were all so eager to buy Oswald's brilliant marksmanship in split seconds, why no one inquired into Jack Ruby's relations with a staggering vari- ety of. strange people, why. a "loner like Oswald always had friends and could always AGENCY AN STATINTL .Something stinks about this whole affair. "A Heritage of Stone" rehashes the smelliness; the recipe is as unappetizing as our doubts about the official version of what happened. (Would then-Attorney General Robert F. Kenne- dy have endured his brother's murder in si- lence? Was John Kennedy quite so liberated from cold war cliches as Mr. Garrison main- ta?ins?) But the stench is there, and clings to each of us. Why were Kennedy's neck or- gans not examined at Bethesda for evidence of a frontal shot? Why was his body whisked away to Washington before the legally required Texas Inquest? Why? In the later edition, these 43 lines are replaced by the following 13 lines: And he insists that the Warren Cor.;mission, the executive branch of the government, some members'of the Dallas Police Department, the pathologists at Bethesda who performed.the second Kennedy autopsy, and many many others must have known they were lying to the Ameri- can public. Frankly I prefer to believt that the Warren Commission did a poor job rather than a dis- honest one. I like to think that Mr. Garri- son invents. monsters to explain Incompetence. `And' that is the end of the review. Even the sub- title "Mysteries Persist" has vanished. Of course, this left a hole in the later edition, and a hole needs to be filled. And the hole was filled, by a section of editorial matter entitled "New Books", which mentions one new fiction hook and nine general books. The evidence of these changes is shown in the 8ccompanying photographic exhibits. In January 1971, John Leonard became editor of "The New York Times Book Review", having previously been one of the paper's daily reviewers. If he had had any qualms about accepting the surgical change that was wade In his review, completely altering. Its character, presumably he felt It was reasonable guerrillas for f;lAii For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01 80001-6 S Cfisri,i~~?,xyd. Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01 PI1'1! OI;i,F A"13, 1,110 I~ taP ; o! A ?,' 17 1 mysterious oilier pall c ? it all fell apart when it ply JAC?-i _V. f~s -~ r 1 lati- The 1 a ;Il loci;; f:?r `t;h3 criiiC=sl:? of 11 t+; lioc official in ti p rfoun- ahire of t'er'n' duties !I, Ga : r* on has in is i:,r ? of 1 s pct l ? District. I Garri- son, r?.0. ).,:13 s ?L. tit; last y ' of ' '. ran four overnnilent, `.'l 1111i.1- seli 111U.f C is it s 1. C7, when Garrison's :tl. _1 ltai a cuffed Cll.:,, L. Chid. ,t:;cil h the co 11 rtiiot!sc/ft.cin`g a .. to e c2 co -; i , ; to i;iii Presicleitt t1; n P. 1%, i,-Ciy. Today it was Gnrr o:l in i:e custody, token f~o1h1 his ,?al..- front bonne to he fillcri.*-?inted. like any suspect at the federal courthou ~. ' PEF01114' l:iE started his Kennedy probe late in Iff'i, Garrison had a history of suc- cess ihr using the federal au- thority for his own erns. He won an historic ictory before the U.S. S 11 p r e nl e Court when he beet a state Court conviction for criminal libel. ? The landmark decision over- turned a $1.,GCO fine levied against the DA is state Court for his criticism of 'fli nal District Court judges here. soi ~ tl:d and c I _.t :i!h col -;.i_; to kill Iiredy, and ~ _ switch from most pre io s 1tn a5 s, to'.d a By JOSEPH HAAS "There's no doubt In niy mind that the fn" calm,-literate story Of l aving nt Fe:rie in 19iw. In a bar In New Orleans and h:v ' vaetioatil.n should be rc_., ad 1r1 .53111E IM May , ~?~ P` a,riG".rd 1-'el'rio and Shaw If this >r:5 c.oue, a lot Of the party where he ov old question re be d . y awa was Flive an k ~i0 Ah1Iii;ICA14 whoo i Nov. 2?, I0 3,? will ev i? f~a!ly heal the lingering doubts and fears in Ii`eo;?I;'s minds . discussing a way to murdar the President nd Frount~sof e to CO this ,0111Y then flea in a getaway plane piloted by Fer- that day. That is why tiie Jlnl Gar- might be resolved. The _0'VY ninon-Clay Shaw affair in ,=sty a_leafs in the magnifies those doubts faid fear . rie. It was damaging t stimony against Shaw. crake of President Ke1nt.dy's assassination "For inst nca, there is no reason why the But- Shaw had the lnvney to enable his at- must have pained many of tls like the taste- autopsy photographs shout! not j ave been re toBut- F. Irvl.1 Dymol:d, to spend $4,`his 00 for less pica ink at a still-11-and--r : Cd J. leased In P. court of law or 111de avait2.b f tr, an a:chaus ve OVerni , iIispendati_~1'1 into James Kirkwood Isn't r:- tly the person accredited e parts and set olrt~ s. It ,uch din S iesei's back;roi ;d. This, is cress e nto ' Inatlon the next day, Dyrnoid was able to dra w you would cast to write t...definitive account closures v' ere made a man like 'Garriso p of that controversial g u .n gothic dr::na. would not be able to appe GnteiOthef after from S? eael his story that believed that A novelist, dramatist c.gil `: rnltir actor, 1?:e is ho lost the Shaer case a a bame the fade i for 16 p- years the Pin'.-:orlon Detective Agency e " S . and others had hypnotized, tortured and ha- den irwlit for 'him ham access rin to g e-~hisidence.invest!gatioli the son o r thos.o rnatinea i,f l rf the '20s, Lila by government Lee and James Kirkwood, S:r. y rassed him and his family to create th.e im- With no prior journalistic experience. 'Y>irl:- THE 'LAPRUDER FJLiri, the movie of the pression that Spiesel was a Communist and a wood Immersed himself for 21jZ years in the assassination made by an is nozent spectator, criminal. Spiesel had even filed P. suit in fed- muddied maelstrom f;,:, of Clay Shaw trial. has been seen by only a f.-,Tr p-?ople. Kirkwood oral court against Pinkerton and other de- Althouch Shaw has.baeil ,1e uitted of conspir- was one of them when It war subpoenaed by fendants charging that their rsecution* of lag with Lee Harvey Cs r 1d ad David Ferns Garrison and shown repentc~i;y at t~ e Shaer him was depriving him of his civil rights and .to assassinate President John F. Kennedy on trial, and It further swayed th author toward _-his ability to have normal sexual relations. that shocking Friday in Dalian, the turbid a feeling that Oswald was not the only gun- sup*oir call you imk?a that any public man. prosecutor, in good faith, vroua tYer'a'Jt Luca `aftermath of that affair perhaps -will never 'When you see that . film, '' be settled in our time. Y It raises marl) aman on-the stand?" nir,;rod asks. "Anti Kirkwood says he would not want to endure doubts. Garrison had it shown a dozen tinges, :as a surprise witness, with no prior warring it again, nor the months he spent writing his for the shock value on the jury-in stop-'to the defense so that they might have an engrossing account of tl e trial, "American frame, slow-motion, backwards and. forwards.opportunity to investigate his credibility? " (Simon & Sclhuster, $11.95), but "Well, it's an Incredible piece of film. Of he feels that having undergone the ordeal course, it's. not Hollywood quality; It's grainy, OTHER -TlrfNESSES, Kirkwood Implies "with Shaw will be useful to him as a man and and it's such a short piece, it covers only from his knowledge of. the case, were in- s a writer. those seconds of violence. When you realize timidatd or coached by Garrison and hisQ dible that one man aides to give untruthful testimony. Certainly . ?'TIHOLLY CONVINCED now of Shaw's in- this, it seems almost facie nocence, Kir' ,all"!, sttl1b l'eves there is more with a rifle of such Inferior, quality, In that from the transcript Kirkwood presents of one to the truth about'the.K ndy slaying than fleeting time, with a moving target and that - such queestiioon ago of wltne to ss, has been revealed- .o far-iii New Orleans' distance, y with the obstructions of the sign and ry y Dist. Atty. risoii's staff, Russo was given !most as luriu Iin2~ininas, the trees and the difficulty of the wind and Garrison's by the the crowds, could make, iwo or three or four much information through leading questions press, y the professwnal . as he mongers such as Mark Lane .ass oriby ithe shots count. It's just incredible." i Russo repeated much of th'isefo ce f d infor. '>hlaa pen Commission. WE CAN'T attempt to do briefly mation as fact when he testified that he sat in For one thing, Kirkwood no longer is con- here - analyze Garrison's case a g a'i it s t as Oswald, Shaw and Ferrie' discussed details ylncdd that Lee Harvey Oswald was a lone s h a w - w h a t Kirkw: od does so -corn- of the conspiracy plot. !assassin or than there was not a conspfracy. prehensively in his fat .(,N19-page) accog.ii of Kirlcwood's Iono interview v:ith Russo after .lfe believes the Afar: 7Is a ~ haw a ri r ut lr ~~r 6p - O O~CiE80 $~(~0 8bidly faEcinatiro glimpse much .harm as ggod D?CaL 9 4 t D i b n v : into the neurotic mind of a comou slve liar. exa mp.e .. : f. e , cial, using the awesome, power 01 11 is or it Approved For Release.2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601R000800 'JACKSONVILLE, FLA. JOURNAL H - 58,509 2 9 11? j The theory so succj; fly put by Abraham Lincoln to-the bPfcct that some.l~ ople will believb..anything was .recently reinforced by a re- port of the publishing success en- joyed by New Orleans District Atty. Jim Garrison. If Ga rison is right, this coun- ',try is in a perilous state and we must choose not to believe him. Garrison has a theory of his own, which try as he might, he has not been able to prove. This, however, has not diminished his success as an author of books even if his f a i l u r e has not en- hanced his record as a prosecuting attorney. The Garrison theory is that President John F. Kennedy was assassinated as the result of a conspiracy engineered *by the Coil- i:al Intellig.ance Agcney at tlieili- stigation of the Pentagon, a rather generic term covering a lot of ground. The reason for this action, Ti according to the Garrison theory, is because Pi:esideiit Kennedy was itary 'involvement - in Vietnam,'. Presumably everyone kno;:'s th4. a withdrawa' from Vietnam. doesn't set too well with the "Pen- tagon." The New Orleans district attor- ney, who gained much notoriety in'- the: last several years, is the man;:, who unsuccessfully prosecuted Clay Shaw as a conspirator alleg edly associated with Lee Ilarvey' Oswald and others in the Novem- ber 1963 murder of the. President in Dallas. The conspirators met and committed several overt acts in the plot in New Orleans, Garri- son charged, but: failed to prove. He is now trying to bring 'Shaw back to trial on a charge of perjury allegedly made !in the conspiracy trial. He announced the other day he has written a book about his inves- tigation of the assassination and now has offers to write several, more. Apparently Garrison does not stop at charging that the Pen- tagon and the' CIA wanted Presi- dent Kennedy murdered. He has expanded his theory to encompass the charge that the American in- volvement- in Vietnam is compara- ble to Hitler's Germany in that America is responsible for the murder of a million or more peo- ple in Vietnam. The inference being that our objective is genoci- dal. In light of historical facts and sound reason it would seem that i Mr. Garrison has a tough row to hoe to prove his allegations, but one is certain - he is at least making money doing it.. Approved For Release 2006/01/03 CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001-6 Approved For Release.2006/01/03: CIA-RDP80-01601R000800 .BATTLE CREEK, MICR: JAN 19 1971 S - -44,235 The assassination of John F. Kennedy, an event practically rel- egated to history books and the Warren Commission Report, might Washington columnist Jack An- derson,. whose writing frequently. appears on this page, claims to have information possibly related 'to the assassination; He says the information is from "sources whose credentials are beyond ques- tion." Anderson'says the CIA fried six times in the years is e tiding Ken- nedy's death to assassinate Cuban Premier Fidel Castro. In today's 4 column, Anderson also links the CIA to the deaths of Dominican Re- public dictator Rafael Trujillo and former South Vietnamese Presi- " dent Ngo Dinh Diem. We don't doubt that the CIA is :.capable of pulling off such James Bond-style intrigues as Anderson has suggested. The question is, did it, and if it did, what can be done now? Many congressmen have criti- cized. the seeming autonomy of the CIA. Critics have charged that it `acts as an actual policy-making 'body, rather than serving an ad= yisory function on matters of in- telligence and security. Objections to the'CIA's activi- ties led in 1963 to a bitter debate -on the Senate, floor. Sen. J. William become a subject of debate again and perhaps even further investi- gation, especially into the activities of the. Central Intelligence _Agency. Fulbright, D-Ark., introduced a resolution which -called for the cre- ation of a nine-member overseeing committee to keep tabs on the CIA. Fulbright wanted to draw the nine members equally from the Armed. Services, Appropriations and For- eign Relations .. committees, in hopes of bringing the activities 0. the agency under closer supervi- sion and scrutiny. The resolution lost. on a point of. order vote which relegated it to the Armed Services Committee, where it died; , '- Early the following year, the nation learned of the CIA's involve- ment in secret subsidization of or- ganizations engaged in education, law, journalism, labor and reli- gion. In response, President Lyn- don Johnson ordered the CIA and other government agencies to halt secret financing of private vob n- tary organizations. ' Now the CIA has been accused of outright plotting to murder for- eign heads of state.-Anderson hints that President Kennedy had not ordered'the CIA to undertake such missions. Anderson also suggests that Kennedy's own death was the result of the.alleged CIA attempts on Castro's life. The. CIA continues to function much as it did in the early 1960s--- no new controls have been put on it. . Anderson's charges, if proven true, ?sliould' provide the impetus for a renewed effort to bring the CIA under proper controls. - Approved For Release .2006/01/03 CIA-RDP80-01641 R000800280001-6 Approtd%-1>fs6/'~fl=:`CIA-F~DP80- Jltlili'>R'Y 19:(J. What is new about that headline? Nothing much, since Jun Garrison and I released that information more titan two yer:rs ago. During the past two years we have witnessed numerous denials, primarily based upon the assumption that John Kennedy never showed any inclination to wind down the war, and was in fact fervently committed to maintaining American :coops (then called advisors) in Vietnam. Now Kenneth P. O'Donnell, appointments secretary and close personal friend (later for that) of the late president, reveals that John Kennedy was committed to the complete withdrawal of all American personnel just after his re-election in 1964. O'Donnell said that Kennedy .felt "that if he announced a total withdrawal of American military personnel from Vietnam before the 1964 election there would be a wild conservative outcry against returning Mr., to the presidency for a second term " O'Donnell then 1?4uoted Kennedy.; "In P65; I'll be damned everywhere as a Communist to peaser, but I don't care.I tried to pullout completely now, we would.) have another Joe McCarthy red scare on our hands. But I can do it after I'm rt-elected. So we had better make damned sure that I am re-elected." Instead they made ..damned sure that he was dead and unable, therefore, to sun_for"re-election. O'Donnell's statement was not immediately followed' by the official denials that we have come to associate with the aftermath of all truthful revelations. lr:stead, the Senate Democratic leader, Mike Mansfield, said at once that, after a White House breakfast in the Spring of 1963, Kennedy told him he agreed that a ''complete withdrawal of all Americans frorii Vietnam was necessary." The president added, Mansfield reported, that this could not be done until after the 1964 elections, but should be done immediately after the elections. According tc O'Donnell, Kennedy met with Gen. Do_iejas MacArthur and. then gave his staff a complete account of the discussions: "MacArthur implored the President to avoid a US military build-up in Vietnam,, or any other part of the Asian ma'riland, because he felt that the domino theory was ridiculous in a nuclear at;c. MacArthur went on to point. out 'that there were domestic problems the urban crisis, the ghettos, the economy -' that should have far more priority than Vietnam." I.? take you back to N9v. ptd0*d Do,'you remember what kind of a cou;itry we lived in then? Compare it V Ir to America 1970. Think of the months and years that followed the assassination of President Kennedy. Years of silence. Two years in which not a single voice dissenting the official version of President Kennedy's assassination was permitted on network radio or television. Think of the responsible editorials in the responsible press congratulating Lyndon Johnson for his every act of escalation, declaring that lie has donned the Kennedy mantle as he increased our investment from 15,000 advisors to more than half a million combat troops. Do you recall how the voice of the liberals was heard in the land? I.F. Stone, the New York Post, The Nation filled with support for the Warren Report and condemnation for those who dared to think that not all the questions had been answered. And how many redicals were heard to jeer that JFK was all part of the pig power structure anyway, and that his death was an insignificant bit of trivia. During the past half year we have learned that the former chief of the Dallas police force, Jesse Curry, has concluded at long last that they never did have any evidence to show that Oswald did it alone; and that Senator Richard Russell, a member of the 'Kennedy's friends and relatives. FWrxR@reag@12006101003 -RbP80-01601 R000800280001-6 believe that there was a conspiracy to L o Free Press murder, the president (even, evidently, when he signed tie report holding quite to the contrary); and that Lyndon Johnson, himself, never really did believe the report and always did harbor suspicion that there was a conspiracy to kill Kennedy. The pretense that Lee Harvey Oswald was the lone assassin of John F. Kennedy has now been so thoroughly discredited that even the pretenders have felt constrained to abondon it. Curry in a book and in subsequent media interviews, Russell ih an Atlanta television interview, Johnson to CBS in an exclusive interview the relevant portion of which he then asked CBS to delete. CBS, of course, having had a great deal of experience with re-writing and falsifying information'in the field, complied. Where this all leaves poor Earl Warren and his lone hapless defender, Louis Nizer, is a matter for self-described "contemporary historians" such as William Manchester to ponder. The rest of 'us might wonder what Ken O'Donnell, described in the press as JFK's closerpersonal friend; Robert Kennedy; Ted.JCenned} Ted Sorenson and all the other JFK confidants were thinking as they heard Lyndon Johnson order more men to Vietnam and explain that he was following the policy laid down by his predecessor, and. what the survr\ring Kennedy conficants have thought until now as Nixon escalated, invaded a neutral country cottittry, bombed North Vietnam, sent'- troops Into Laos as quietly as ong; can send troops into another neutral country, and explained it all as part of the commitment of American military personnel to Southeast Asia - a commitment, he explained, that was entered into and fully ?supporteduntil his death by John F. Kennedy. They all said they were his friends, and surely he died as much for them as for any others. Yet in cowardly deference to- power and with craven aspirations for a place near the throne, they remained silent as his memory was tarnished, the cause for which he died scattered to the winds, the best of our youth became victims or ' executions and often both, and as the evil that was always present here as it is in} all ?countries -- became so dominarit~ 'that the country lost its basic redeeming characteristics and became an evil place. Neither Lyndon Johnson nor Richard Nixon could have wrought such a monumental change alone. They required the silence of John. CHICAGO, ILL. Approved For Release 2006/.01/03: CIA-R SUS-iliE~ ..? - 541,086 - 697,966 NEW 2 g 197th ~j~~ [' ary. ry .Russo-and others. Some of ghat emerges is very strange, LJ r ~ a Ft~ 3~ [-21 .i " `J 1 J indeed. - li d Russo those testimonv was most relied upon by the state {tt; 11 !~ ~` ~' - - in its eIlorts-io CunvieA OItaw V' w,.oy......~I ??rr----"-I ,Ti, sJ lr,A i ? _1 r, r1, Civin- nut his own reliability. It is clear that B 8 - - thoroughly inixeQ up ail" waJ lwt aca..J ~~. ~, ?.. ?. ------ that he had seen and heard what he reported, aI- se (1 , 1 sen though, in - an almost ritualistic fashion, he reasserts his A HERITAGE OF STONE. By Jim Garrison. Putnam's, $6.95 belief in his own integrity. AMERICAN GROTESQUE. By James Kirkwood. Simon & He was. shocked when Garrison relied so comp:atel upon M. testimony at the preliminary hearing and did not really Schuster: $11.95. go out and get supporting evidence. For example, Garrison By Elmer Gotta announced,-on the streiu;tii of a statement by Russo, that o of Russo's friends were present at the incrimir.,,ting t w These two books deal with the same subject-the assassi- conference at which the conspiracy was supposedly dis- nation of President Kennedy as dramatized in a New Or- cussed. But Garrison never really had anyone talk with leans production-but they are as different as day and night. those -two persons, and, at the trial, Russo said nothing about Jim Garrison, the author of the shorter and much the lesser . then. They were no longer witnesses. book, concocted the outrageous "case" against Clay Shaw, Judge Haggerty, whose career seems to be coming to- a aided and abetted by the imaginary meanderings of a bizarre close because of his involvement with stag films and strange attorney, whom he subsequently indicted for per- rostitutes, reached his private conclusion about the culpabil jury, and an assortment of pseudo-witnesses whom, merci- pity of Shaw not on any real evidence, but simply because in fully, a jury chose to disbelieve. his mind a "queer" could be guilty of doing almost anything His book can be disposed of briefly, hav;ng clue regard for with other queers. Yet, this same primitive had courage the laws of libel. He is gingerly in dealing with Shaw. His enough to excoriate a policeman he thought was lying. This alleged concern is the assassination of the President and the diabolical forces which, according to him, brought it a';out. may have saved Shaw. Th rear tern ration to write at considerable length a g p - Despite Garrison's failure in the Shaw case, he professes to exe -s about'Kirkwood's fascinating and important book. It is not find a continuing and au;'riented conspirac.. of man} people high in public life, including at least two Presidents of the simply American grotesque, as he calls it, but American / V111tU JLct Cb, a l111lCt .1 C, ll.0.ul..0 -1 JJ L - - - ? cultured, civic-minded man like Clay Shaw has If his A decent encies dividu ls and a th d i h FBI A , . g er n a an o I , t e phantasmagoria were not tragic, it would be funny. gone through agony because of the machinations of people The best evidence that Garrison does not truly believe that who belong in hell. Ile still'faces trials and tribulations. Is Shaw had anything to do with any purported conspiracy is there no meaning to it? Is there no way that there can be that Garrison writes that Lee Oswald, Kennedy's presumed retribution? Anyone who reads Kirkwood's remarkable book -slayer, was simply a scape_;eat who had nothing to do with should cry out in accusing terms against much on the Amerl- the assassination. Why then was Shaw indicted for con- can scene. We do not have to concoct delirious charges. The spiring to assassinate the President? According to Garr!-. reality is enough to create nightmares. . son's strange lights, it is apparently a criminal offense to v,>,n, r_?>r, ,uon_sinmsn Chicago attorney, wrote "M^ participate in an imaginary conspiracy. JAMES KIRKWOOD'S BOON, a monumental study of the case, drives home what is implicit in the Garrison fiction. He brings to his task all of his considerable gifts as a novel- 1st and an unexpected feeling for research and reality. His book deals with the trial in depth-from how the jury was selected, the opening statements of the attorneys, the kind of evidence presented, the interplay of opposing counsel and -witnesses to the temperaments and qualities of the judge, the court' personnel and the men and women of the media who covered the trial. He conveys well the general atmos- phere: Mardi Gras was the time and carnival the spirit. After completing his account of the case, Kirkwood gives his eloquent and useful book its greatest value. He reports on his interview of the judge, several of the jurors, the defendant, the attorneys for the state and the defense, the principal witness-that strange character, Perry Raymond tent of Madness: Tire People Vs. Jack Ruby.'' - Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001-6 Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-OI6,01R000R07R0001-6 J TUCSON, ARIZ. STAR NOV z15 1973 hI - 42,069 S - 72,623 The French have an adage: "The more things change, the more they re- main the same." It comes to mind with exposure by Carl T. Rowan on this page e few days ago of the fact that college students are almost psychotically sus- picious of government. Many collegians think the Nixon Ad- ministration is plotting to prevent elec- tioiss-in 1972, that the FBI is secretly en- gaged in bombings, that the CIA was in- volved in the Kennedy assassriiut7on, etc. Does anyone over 50 recall when the people who hated Franklin D. Roosevelt whispered that he was plotting to prevent elections in 1936 (or 1940, or 1944)? Or that the assassination effort which killed Mayor Cermak of Chicago was a phony? Or that a hundred and one other sus- picious or conspiratorial things were hap- pening? Does it seem at all odd that it was the Establishment that whispered and ac- cused and held suspicions in 1933 and 1934, whereas it is the Anti-Estab- lishment that whispers and accuses and holds suspicions in 1970? Things have changed, but they also remain very much the same., Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001-6 ~?~SS `TAN TO? S~I~ Approved For Release 2006/0 t10 ~ CIA-Rl 86-0 20 rwvW/ STATINTL iG R n a BLOOMINGTON, Ind. - when the communications me- The pretty coed insisted that dia are so doi gnaeed by a and President Nixon and Vice ernment in President Agnew must be plot- even more intimidated by Ag ting to cancel the 1972 clec- new's attacks." tions. A few students buzzed, as if How, she asked,' could she asking, "Is he intimidated, ignore rumors to that effect, too?" When I said I thought it or stories claiming that the absurd that anyone imagined administration plans "to re- the President or vice president .peal the Bill of Rights," when would try to cancel the 1972 she sees so many other signs elections, I reminded theta of growing government repres- that an alleged memorandum sion? from the vice president's of- A graduate student wanted - fice discussing such a plan had me to "verify" that FBI been called a fraud by Agnew; agents organized the pre- and "a complete fabrication" e 1 e c t 1 o.n student outburst by Atty. Gen. John Mitchell, against Nixon in San Jose and but the students did not seem that "FBI infiltrators encour- overly impressed by the deni- age and provoke student als. bombings and other violence There was a distinct mur- mur of disc ointment by a sion and '. police-state mea- sures." A top student leader turned o inc at dinner to say: "I'm sure the CIA (Central Intelli- gence Agency) was involved in killing president Kennedy. They operate irksome strange ways." A faculty member spoke during the question- and-answer session about a "huge detention facility in New Jersey," raising anew old rumors that the Nixon admin- istration is reopening and re- furbishing an assortment of facilities that are to become concentration camps for blacks, students, and other dissident elements in this country if the bombings and other acts of violence con- tinue. A dapper senior wanted to know bow the American peo- ple "can hear or read honest criticism of ' the government PP few students when I said, "No, I do not believe the FBI is deliberately inspiring bomb-' ings and violence to create an excuse for repression." A campus leader just gave me a quizzical smile when I said it was far-fetched to try to link the CIA with President and that the CIA doesn't "free-wheel" as much as he thought, for its major "dirty tricks" are approved bye. the President, secretary of state, and others. After a couple of hours of this at Indiana University here, I walked out profoundly disturbed by the depth of sus- picion on the part of young people who seen prepared to believe almost anything bad about their government. The experience was disquiet- ing because it was clear they were not campus revolutionar- ies or publicity-seeking rab- ble-rousers. They were the sons and daughters of Middle America. They were decent, troubled youngsters trauma- tized by divisive. rhetoric to the point of becoming violently contemptuous of and hostile toward those the fed- eral government. As you reflect on the ques- tions, the suspicion, the stu- dents' penchant for seizing upon the most far-fetched alle- gations, two conclusions seem obvious. o our national leaders face few challenges more impor- tant or more difficult than to restore in the younger genera- tion enough trust and respect for those who govern to make good government possible. o Someone must convince students that, by vatting at much time and energy arguing about hoaxes, frauds, and fan- ciful allegations, they debase the currency of legitimate pro- test about actual events and thus move the nation a police state. When a national security tel- ephone in a governor's office is bugged, when a "no knock" law leads to policemen break- ing into a house and engaging in a shootout with an innocent couple, as happened a few days ago in Arizona, when bu- reaucrats are reading the mail of private citizens; when the military starts seeking a com- puter file on those people someone things 'dissent too much or too vigorously, there is no shortage of actual as- saults on freedom about which young Americans (and old) can become alarmed. There is no need to confuse the issue, or to dissipate one's indignation, by harping on out- landish claims like a cancella- ? Lion of the elections or a re- peal of the Bill of Rights. Perhaps we of the media have not done enough to ex- tract elements of hysteria from the national concern over things line "law and order" and "government repression." It may be that we need to be more energetic and direct in telling the people what is fact and what is fanciful rumor, spread with or without malice aforethought. Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001-6 Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : C BUFFALO, N.Y. t1EVI S E ^ 281,962 i 7 197 the ere no opl?. \! fif(rlfOrrrtrrtnrrn,.M..nm-?~_ -_ - - .' - ... `.. -.- - Bald that Te CCORNER YAJL J r?>s , f ~' ;`o campus. f 4That was wrong every 1: s`i+ ~ Ji 1 f /~ a lr~i yore . ' ~ ef'' s the 25 nei~le in our O /. tG~ (? (? f n gruuy +lr e porter And since his victory ? ' ~ ' ~! /' @~ ' / .y uesday we have heard from 30 potential members---alt UB, Gee Mort; I don't remern students who bad been for, , acters like you is hAN h ar ber any c By BOB ev Buckley $ ~,?" "VJe hope to ,restore some el' heard the report that '`10S4 Now It says here that you new? on the campus' "I HAD A visitor Friday balance look at name speakers John Fitzgerald Kennedy vas killed as a result of a ' leers ,. morning who would have been take a conspiracy between the CI .and our -jovi g, letoward a arsrd Jerry because he- was riiOV7ng ? interested in hearing ? Sail's Who webby Iloffmanere last me is Jirn of Yip b e n Gur+h peace in Vietnam. put-on. His na y ` , Or the reason why the press, Gogan, and he is president of Rubin, Juonal dy for radical. groups which had ignored romances and Freedomfat Uli Americans for utin t spokesmen one conservative ,. of fni mentioned to other dalliance among the Kenneclys, When it was hopped on Teddy Kennedy after the Jim that not too many people had heard of YAF, he laughed "Cell WOULD like to bring a Cha Nett iddiicl: incident. and said. It Goldwater or a Buckley here. Neither "We know that. And now We would also like to have as had I until I journeyed f the university a Con Buffalo State University College some people are getting t part o ouin Ab servative Studies Center where to Y review the works confused with d heard 1`'IOrt Friday morning an m, Facis stwhile cor+~edian, tell War a radical students can & of Goldwater, Freidman, uel. 1 - of these plots and o YAF is a con e organization dedicated to ill- "[here are consery~ tfv~ but they have t he said have turned the United con, "Thei s here I th , r a e CUFF A, rMB dividual freedom, quiet. P On the other side States into a concentration Camp. t stitutional government limited been en like the "The book, `19S-V was,about a contt'o.ied societyi~~ ~ government and academic we have m rofessor who freedom mathematics P ' years lamented, "and let's Jiohn Kenn g And h tel~ater .do j began last year and spent 40 minutes of a years ahead; o s the ul Friday- he would be we were underground. There classroom session explaining In some ways t}te a man ld be md murdRobertered if Ken he nedy too were only a few of us. why O C sBere are hould be tud one scene it was pathetic, Here h"s moved toward peace. "It was weird. The stripers away v the skilled performer, dresseed Later in a rap s:+ss;on in the ut u a ,notice that paying fora math course and cans and a red would p p strike t tliey are getting a political in tizht blue j students' reading loon-e Mort there would be a meetingtiat a certain place at a speech. print shirt open , t the nec:r .All said that other Kennedy men that eras missiuo wa3 a ign n me. Then we'd make "We are opt}m}stir about that said, over 30, buut I had had hus}h Toad hush, but that Ted certaiup about 30 posters with other YAF. We are starting chapters e~ them up. realty am one of You ' was, Sahl explained, the only laces and times just to fight in the Amherst and Clarence Sail's performance wva as peace candidate who could ;vin theipr movements. Nigh Schools, and all of our . predicated as that o, ;\,erv ^ and so the press jumped on "We were going to apply for chapters in Western ll o York, Griffon on his talks show, and the Chappaquiddick story reco~nttion, birt when the are picking up ne,v members. tie ran to form. We are living because the press doesn t want strike hit the Student Associa- And we have 60 Congressmen in a time of repression, he eace. lion Center became the Strike helping us. Now all we need is moaned, and the only hope we P * Center and we d'idii t want to some exposure and some have is: You. Your generation. MORT DID NOT explain how be passed uwon for recognition .funds." s You have to do Don't built trust the the Chappaqu at time. IT 1`IAS SUGGh STLD that in? the generations th iddick story could at th 1 world you are asked to five . have But been then Mort ignored. ' doesn't have "TI11S YEAR we appbed and the latter area he should think; an:' to bother malting sense. In this are waiting for approval by the big. The SD5 as~~d$5 8035Zh0 ` concentration camp we live iii Activities Coan o? Once we this fall and g and ; e red TIUNGS got endabl, where free speech is repressed, get ap~ro ~~l we wif, ask fora Youth Against War he r4ied oa the old dependable he can always picY. up $1500 for b,.:jaet and an off ce.r ast year Fascism asked for $3550 and whipping boys -_ Nixon, 50 n:f_ttttes of talking to the CIA the the DS got. $7000 and a free got 51610. Agnew, 3ohnson, slue cots about what an awful the S. We ot. $? be surpr,~ed if Here's a suggestion Jim, If, et money fast,' rnipoy -- and the audience country they live in. we did as yell. you want tog our elder m "We feel we ressponnded in the Pavlovian That beats working in will give the have -aone of Y annerhe expected. nightclubs where the audience conservative student a chance slatmen dress bs around telcdeansr At the three-quarters mark don t laugh on schedule and to be heard from. oo the and shirt areslu con- the b- hs spoke for 50 Kes Ou have to show some ,p w-o . weeks it students about p on ' assassination story. Sabi is an originality. Re orter, the ne s ap - p centration cam called the the Kennnedy y the staff of ter ad- United States of America. he started admirer of Di st. Atty. James Oh, yes, someone rhiglit grit by conic back at me on that 31:;00 ministration, ran a story in He won't make as much on it told the Garrison au ud ieenc c'e O that he hat lie and was figure. I asked the student which there were sampling's of as Mort Sant does, but then he' certain the C ence comm,ttee member in charge quotes from students for Ot probably doesn't suffer as ba l po o Mort. entral Intelligaid the figure wa"n"t - tinder m and students for Agency and the military at 2rd ha he nd sbut he has sure it ?.vas Goodell. ? u i 't wa nt peace, Readers, who don It say's here that it ``In the last paragraph it arranged the assassination over $1000. of vas robabty of er $2000. Approved' for release 2006/01/03: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001 '6 CONFIDENTIAL AND SECS y-`1? DOW ?&:. THE WARREN Co`v1jM1SS10N DEPOSITED IN STATI NTt Approved For Release 2006/0'['/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601R0100800280001-6 THE U.S. A['?.C1-1IV1.-S NEIL 1MACDONALD ASSISTANT EDITOR After the assassination of President John F. - Kennedy in Dealey Plaza, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 1968, the Warren Commission, consisting of nine persons appointed by President Lyndon B. Johnson, and head- ed by Chief Justice Earl Warren of the U.S. Supreme Court, examined evidence, and concluded that Lee Harvey Oswald was the sole assassin. The correctness of this conclusion has been challenged by many investigators and researchers. One of the latest challenges was the article, "The Assassination of President Kennedy: The Applica- tion of Computers to the Photographic Evidence", by ? Richard E. Sprague, published in the May 1970- issue of Computers and Automation. -Nobody who has studied the evidence, the con- tradictions in the Warren Commission report and documents, the acts of suppression of information, the photographs available, the physics of the shots, etc., can any longer logically maintain that a sin- gle assassin accounts for all the shots and other events in Dealey'Plaza on that occasion. This implies a conspiracy. It appears that at least some and probably a majority of the members of the Warren Commission realized very soon that there had been a conspiracy, with more than one gunman in Dealey Plaza shooting at-President Kennedy; and so, on grounds of "nat- ional security", they engaged in a "second conspir- acy" to cover up the first one. Following the reporting of the Warren Commiss- ion in September 1964, ten months after the assa- ssination, over 200 of their documents.(ahd by some counts as many as 350), were classified as confi- dential, secret, or top secret, and were placed in the U.S. Archives, many of them to stay secret for 75 years. Probably by some administrative error, the list of the subjects of these documents was not so classified. Table 1 shows a copy of a list of over 200 doc- uments of the Warren Commission which are in the Ar- chives of the United States in Washington, D.C. , and which have been classified as confidential, secret, or top secret, so that the American people and re- searchers jnto the assassination of President John F. Kennedy cannot see them or study them. This list shows the identifying "commission document" (CD) number, the originating agency, such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the subject, and in some cases the'place of origin of the document. Judging from the subjects, it is truly extraor- dinary that some of these documents have been clas- sified, such as: 322g USIA Public and propaganda reactions to the assassination, in .Poland 489 FBI Mark Lane, Buffalo appearances Mark Lane is the lawyer and former member of the legislature of New York State who wrote the best- selling book Rush to Jud ement about President Ken- nedy's assassination. At least eight of these clas- sified documents mention Mark Lane in their title, as if he had had something to do with the assassin- ation instead of with questioning the -investigation by the Warren Commission and other government agen- cies. There is considerable evidence that Lee Harvey Oswald worked from time to time over a number of years, for the CIA or one of its subcontractors. Several of the subjects _in Table 1 suggest confir- mation of this. possibility: 931 CIA Oswald's access to information about the t12 [the high-flying' spy plane] 528 CIA re allegation that Lee Harvey Oswald was interviewed by the' CIA in the USSR 692 CIA reproduction of CIA official dossier on Lee Harvey- Oswald 698 CIA reports of travel and activities: Lee Harvey Oswald as Marine 1216 CIA Memorandum from Helms entitled "Lee Harvey Oswald " 1273 CIA Memorandum from Helms re'appar- ent inconsistencies Helms was the head of the CIA at the time of the Warren Commission's existence. Abbreviations used in Table 1 CIA Central Intelligence Agency FBI Federal Bureau of Investigation HEIV ' Department of Health, Education -and Welfare IRS Internal Revenue Service JD Department of Justice La. State of Louisiana SIS -U.S. Senate Subcommittee . Internal Security SS U.S.' Secret Service State U.S. State Department Trs. . Department of the Treasury USIA U.S. Information Agency Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001-6 cok' iruO TIMES Approved For Relea e 0 69 Sx'0 ff -RDP8 STATINTL P 1 71 " ~" 9 ' fty~~@ !it :I V) T1110.) e, 1, . d ? Senator's Remarks Occupy Brief Part of Speech During Reelection Campaign BY BILL BOYARSKY FREMONT, Calif. - Sen. George 'Murphy said Tuesday. he believes the assassins of John a n d Robert Kennedy may have been acting under orders. The Republican senator, running for a second term, told a GOP political lunch= eon: "A President and his brother are assassinated, for what reason and by whose order I'm still not certain." -The Warren Commission has said Lee Harvey Os- - Wald was acting alone in the assassination of John F. Kennedy-a conclusion disputed by some who are convinced 0 s w a I d was part of a conspiracy. .:But the conspiracy theo- ry has. been generally dis- -counted by officials in the killing of Sen. Robert F. Kennedy. Sirhan . B. Sir- han was convicted of the murder in Los Angeles and investigators said he was acting alone. -Murphy's remarks on the Kennedys occupied just a brief portion of the speech in which he dis- cussed labor affairs and commented on the Ameri- can scene. He said there is much more good in America than had, then he listed a few things that troubled him. At that point he men- tioned the assassination. Asked to amplify the statement after the .speech, Murphy said of the slayings, "Somebody, I think, instigated them." Asked for further clari- fication, Murphy advised a reporter to "just write the speech," meaning stick to what he said at the ?ltuich- eon. In response to anoth- er question he said, "You go out and write the speech." Murphy also said of the Robert Kennedy death," I am not certain this young man did it by himself. Neither are you. Neither are the courts." The senator's comments on labor came on the first day of the United Auto Workers' strike ' against General Motors-an im- portant development in this city, site of a big General -Motors plant. Referring to the G. strike, Murphy said, "There has got to be a bet- ter way." - As an alternative to strikes, Murphy suggested creation of a series of "la- bor courts" around the country, staffed by labor- management specialists. They would, he said, have the power to force settlement on both sides if negotiations fail. Harsh Words Murphy also expressed strong support for volun- tary arbitration of labor disputes, the plan backed by George Mcany, pres- ident of the AFL-CIO. The senator had harsh worcls for both the Team- sters Union and the AF'I, CIO United Farm Workers Organizing Committee, en- gaged in a three-way labor Republican-who used to be a:-Demdcrat and made it clear he was behind Mur- phy: But a* Steel Workers Union committeeman, al- though go od - naturedly shaking hands with A..lur- phy, said later he did not like the senator's voting record. -After lunch, the senator drove north and inspected a big repair facility at the Alameda Naval Air Sta- tion. He rested for two hours at a motel in Oak- land and then spoke brie- fly at a reception in the wealthy city of Piedmont, adjacent to Oakland. dispute with growers in the Salinas Valley. ; - . 'This is 'what you call sweetheart contracts where. the union- leaders and the bosses make a deal and treat the workers like chattels," Murphy said. The Teamsters signed contracts' with growers in the valley. UF\VOC, led by Cesar Chavez, protested that the workers wanted to be represented by his AFL-CIO-affiliated union and has gone into the .val- ley seeking to replace the Teamsters in representing farm workers. This was the second clay of Murphy's opening tour of his fall campaign against'Rep. John V. Tun- ney, the Democratic Sen- ate nominee. It was also his busiest. . At mid-morning, Mur- phy walked through the Pacific State Steel'. Co. plant at Union City, near here, putting on a green. hard hat, taking off his coat and rolling tip his ' sleeves. ..: The 6S-year-old, Murphy- walked through . the :.big plant for almost ah hour, moving along' at a 'brisk pace that had his entou- rage.. scampering to keep up. At times-the heat from huge ovens was intense. Murphy shook :hands with many of the em- ployes on duty and they greeted him in a'friendly style, A.- supervisor- smi- lingly- announced he was a Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001-6 Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001-6 More Deaths in" Dallas GRAND RAPIDS, MICH. PRESS 133,419 I3SE 9 P 5 1979 Two deaths which occurred in Dallas last weekend would scarce- ly have attracted national atten- tion except for their link to a tragic date-Nov. 22, 1963. Both Abraham Zapruder, 65, owner of a dressmaking firm, and James Eric Decker, sheriff of Dal- las County for 22 years, died of na- tural causes. Both played im- portant roles in the slaying of Presi- dent John F. Kennedy and the bizarre occurrences which followed. ing the event. of someone's imagination. Warren Commission in reconstruct- spiracy, but by the overtime labors undoubtedly will revive another outburst of speculation linked to the witnesses and participants in- volved in President Kennedy's death. Cash, political profit and some degree of fame have gone to those who suggest that the assassination was a plot perpetrated by unnamed conspirators and hushed up by the Secret Service, the FBI, the ~ and the Warren Commission. The death of anyone connected to or witnessing the motorcade - and there were thousands-is viewed as another link in the chain of proof. School Book Depository building, But as in the other cases, the and his footage of the assassination deaths of Mr. Zapruder and Sheriff scene was used extensively by the Decker will be linked not by con- Zapruder, an amateur movie- maker, filmed the Kennedy motor- cade in color from near the Texas The Zapruder and Decker deaths Mr. Decker, on the other hand, was a member of the motorcade, and was riding in the lead automo- bile. The sheriff ' also was to take charge of suspected gunman Lee Harvey Oswald on the day Oswald was shot. Instead, Mr. Decker was given the custody of Oswald's kil- ler, Jack Ruby. Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001-6 THE PH ERIC N 17ERGUR.1 Approved For ReIeaRL209~O~/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800 C \Vho is STATINTL Young is r';5`~t is pct 1cnow BY RICK NORTON . HO IS the "Establish- Nixongruber" so they sent their testa- ment?" Who is betraying Po agent Kissinger to be his "advisor" d ers. revolution? A mem- and see that he. earned (JUL or ber of the "NOW" generation recently told me: "I knew I was being `conned,' but I didn't know who was `conning' me." This article is an attempt to explain how the Establishment is "conning" the kids. Did you know that ; the Establish- ment financed both the Nazis and the Communists? And, did you know that the Establishment's top men have names such as Warburg, Schiff, Rocke- feller and Rothschild? These are facts that most "conservative' or "liberal" .college professors won't tell you. Because many people get "uptight" over words such as "Jew" and "anti- Semite," let me make it clear that al- though this article names many Jews in the Establishment, it is important to note that some Jews have fought the Es- tablishment. So anybody who claims this article is "anti-Jewish" or "anti-Semit- ic" better be prepared to get hit with a lawsuit or a ton of bricks! There are Jews who are pro-Zionist and some who are anti-Zionist. Similarly, some were pro-Nazi or pro-Communist while other Jews opposed them. men for the Establishment. One of the key figures in the Establishment almost 200 years ago, Amschel Meyer Roths- child, stated: "Give me control over Nation's currency and I care not whc makes its laws." Getting the US into Wars Zionist Establishment leaders have openly boasted that Zionists in the United States were able to railroad the United States into two world wars tc achieve the Zionist goal in Palestine. Samuel Landman of London, from 1917 to 1922 Secretary of the Estab- lishment's World Zionist Organization disclosed in an official pamphlet, Grea Britain, the Jews and Palestine, (Nev Zionist Press, London, 1936) how the World Zionist Organization in 191( entered into a secret agreement witt the British War Cabinet, by the term: of which Great Britain promised Pales tine to the Zionists as payment for us ing Zionist pressure in the United State: to railroad the United States into Wordc War I as Great Britain's ally. Landmar states on page 4: "the only way.... to induce th( American President to come into the War was to secure the co-operatioi of Zionist Jews by promising then Palestine, and thus enlist and mobiliz! the hitherto unsuspectedly powerfu forces of Zionist Jews in America anc elsewhere in favour of the Allies or a quid pro quo contract basis." The establishment Zionists also rail. roaded the United States into Wor War II. The anti-war writer, Walte! Millis, edited "The Forrestal Diaries' which quote James Forrestal, Secretar; of Defense under President Truman a: stating: eganizations on Oct. 21, 1968. He had to son, John, is a member of the Council "27 December 1945 - Played goll get the backing of these Zionist mem- on Foreign Relations. today with Joe Kennedy (Joseph P bets of the establishment in order to Kennedy, who was Roosevelt's Am How does the Establishment remain bassador to Great Britain in the become President. He agreed to do what in power? It is simply a matter of they instructed. ut the Zo ist Es tab- P years immediately before the war) ff& $0~6 2$O ~d6him about his ronvers~tiom uKY- may c an but t t ev are merely frnnt lishment didn't RR ov " en U'f1D ur ront .,,trl. RnncrvFlt and NTe-v;I .- C'hamhr?r. When college students are killed or beaten, it's only because the Zionist Es- tablishment approves. When college students are diverted from anti-war marches to "ecology" marches, it is be- cause the Zionist Establishment is afraid that the revolution might slip away from their control - and some Zionists might get killed. Note how many Zionists use the boob tube to urge "Get Out of Vietnam-and into Israel." Note that the same U.S. Sena- tors who are "doves" on Vietnam-are "hawks" when it comes to killing Arab women and children! Let's take a brief look at only two of the "Establishment" families-the War- burgs and Schiffs. Paul, Felix and Max Warburg were brothers. Max had been chief financial adviser to Kaiser Wilhelm during World War I at the same time that his brother, Paul, was chief finan- cial advisor to President Woodrow Wil- son. Max helped finance the Bolsheviks and Nazis. Paul came to the U.S. from Germany at the request of Jacob Schiff. Paul's son, James, is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and a member of United World Federalists. "Adolf" Nixon takes his orders from Paul was the organizer and first chair- Zionist members of the Establishment. man of the U.S. Federal Reserve Sys- So when Nixon suppresses college stu- tem. Felix Warburg helped Trotsky dents, look and see who is giving him (real name: Bronstein) finance the Red orders. 'Nixon himself is nothing more takeover in Russia. Felix married Jacob than a "messenger boy" for the Estab- Schiff's daughter, Frieda. Schiff gave lishment. $20 million to Trotsky at the 'time he Before "Adolf Nixongruber" became was in charge of Kuhn, Loeb & Co., president, he appeared at a conferenpe the New York branch of the Rothschild of the Presidents of major Zionist or- financial empire. Jacob Schiff's grand- COMBAT Approved For Release 2PQMJIl lA-RDP 'NEW OSWALD-KENNEDY BOOK GETS SILENT TREATMENT: A new and scholarly book on the slaying of President John F. Kennedy is being given the silent treatment by press, TV and many bookstores. Reason: the book tells the terrible truth -- not only how Oswald did it, but w y; it comes down hard on Lee Harvey Oswald's motivations (principally love of / Fidel Castro) and dispels the myths of CIA plots, LBJ machinations, Texas oil interests` and right-wing nuts. The Assassination of John F. Kennedy; the Reasons y, by Albert H. Newman (Clarkson Potter,I?nc., NY, l0)--is a major piece of investigative reporting and a remarkable work of research. Newman, a onetime foreign correspondent and an edi- tor of Newsweek, spent six years digging in Dallas, the National Archives, and the Warren Report. He analyzed what Oswald was reading and hearing, uncovered new facts, and followed up leads the Warren Commission neglected. Instant celebrity for Mr. New- man? No.- A short mention. in Newsweek, an interview on a Dallas radio station, a brief mention on a Manhattan program, and one all-night Q-and-A radio show. The pur- veyors of the many conspiracy theories -- Mark Lane, Harold Weisberg, James Garrison -- found producers eager to book them onto "Today," "Tonight," Dick Cavett, Merv Griffin, Irv Kupcinet, and many others. Five large bookstores checked by COMBAT did not carry Newman's book (a sixth store did, but it took four clerks to locate the... single copy). ..,,.,., Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001-6 Approvecb6*$sW(W8+l&A-RDP80-016 July 1970 COMPUTERS TO THE PHOTOGRAPHIC EVIDENCE" -REPORT. NO. 2 THE MAY ARTICLE, "THE ASSASSIN A new field for the application of computers is the analysis of information about assassinations. To analyze evidence is difficult at best; analysis can be made easier with assistance from a computer. Computers and Automation is accordingly going to devote some space to this subject from time to time. The article which launched this subject in the pages of Computers and Automation is one en- titled "The Assassination of President John F. Kennedy: The Application of Computers to the Pho- tographic Evidence" by R. E. Sprague published in Edmund C. Berkeley Editor. Computers and Automation A total of 36 newspapers and periodicals, so far as we know at time of writing (June 9), have to date published reports on our May feature article, "The /Assassination of President Kennedy: The Application of Computers to the Photographic Evidence". This article was written by Richard E. Sprague and cov- .i cages 29 to 60. This article presented sub- irmt-`al evidence that Lee Harvey Oswald was not the !ea, zssassin of President Kennedy, that there was t h e Boston Globe, the Philadelphia Inquirer, the Sam Francisco Examiner, the Detroit Free Press. and the May 1970 issue. Report No. 1 on this article was published on page 7 of the June 1970 Issue; Report No. 2 is published below. Interested readers who did not see the May is- sue are invited to send for it; it can be pur- chased on approval; see the notice on page 2 (inside front cover). Some readers may not be interested in this subject; they are requested to skip this section. A magazine is like a smorgasbord: almost nobody likes every dish offered) . Atlanta Buffalo Chicago Cincinnati Cleveland Denver Des Moines Indiahapolis Kansas City Los Angeles Louisville Miami Newark (N.J.) Pittsburgh Portland (Ore.) St. Louis Seattle Why not? Considering the news which newspapers do publish, undoubtedly much less important news was published in all those cities, than the news presented in the article. 3. Therefore, it seems reasonable to conclude that there exists either an organized understanding, or else an unorganized "concert of ideas and atti- tudes", by a large portion of the press of the United States. The effect of this condition is to suppress (i.e. not publish) certain kinds of news. The suppression applies in particular to questions , challenges, and attacks on the Warren Commission report. This report is treated as if it were sencti? Pi d e , revealed truth. What should be done about-this suppression? There is probably no prospect of reasonably al- tering this condition. Accordingly it would pro- bably be worthwhile to establish an auxiliary means of wn mu..4 ..i - -- ?`- ' -- - An at least the following 18 states: ------ `"'~ "? ?`? "' uuuLu ooLaln information about poll- tics) assassinatio i ns n the United States indepen- dent of suppression by the press. Alabama Ohio A particularly interesting example of what we California Pennsylvania may call "leaky suppression" occurred in the case Georgia South Dakota of The New York Times, which is of course one of Massachusetts Tennessee the most distinguished and renowned newspapers in Michigan Texas the United States. Mi nnesota.. Utah The New York Times and The New York Post have a Nebraska Virginia. news service. This news service sent out a story Nevada New, York Washington,.O.C. Wisconsin about the May Sprague article. (See Exhibit 1.) The stor is sensible t ll h h i 2. Yet apparently no newspapers fit the follow. ing large cities of the United states published any reports about the May artiolet Approved For Release 2006/01/03: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001-6 ATION OF PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY: THE APPLICATION' OF stmmp racy. and that the Warren Commission con- slusioas are false. The cumulative list of news- papers and periodicals appears in Table 1.. Can we draw any conclusions from this informa- tion? Yes. 1. The first conclusion is this: The story waS certainly newsworthy. !.ccth Associated Press and United Press Internation- al sent out wire dispatches-01 The publication of these dispatches occurred here and there all over the United States. This proves that a large number of U. S. newspapers Independently decided that- the story was newsworthy. and so published information about it. This group included the Washington Post, y , e s muc at t s important, end is a not unreasonable report on the article. The evidence of sending out the story is that it was published in the Virginian-Pilot of Norfolk, Va. on May 13. Approved For Release 2006/01/03: CIA-RDP80-01601R0 COMPUTERS AND AUTOMATION June 1970 THE ASSASSINATION OF PRESIDENT JOHN F. KENNEDY, THE APPLICATION OF COMPUTERS TO THE PHOTOGRAPHIC EVIDENCE The May 1970 issue of Computers and Automation contained the longest and probably one of the most Important articles that we have ever published, "The Assassination of President Kennedy: The Appli- cation of Computers to the Photographic Evidence". In this article Richard E. Sprague, President, Per- sonal Data Services, Hartsdale, N.Y.,'stated that an analysis of the evidence proved: ' . th.-t the Warren Commission conclusions (that Lee Harvey Oswald was the sole assassin and that there was no conspiracy) are false; that there were at least four gunmen firing from four locations, none of which was Oswald; that the conspiracy to kill Kennedy involved tral Intelligence Agency of the United States. The evidence published in this article included eleven important photographs, of which one shows Jim Hicks, who admitted he was the radio communica- tor among the firing teams at Dealey Plaza, with his radio transmitter in his back left pocket. The article also included a tabulation of over 500 pho- tographs (counting a movie sequence as one photo) taken in and around Dealey Plaza, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 22. 1963. at the time of President Kennedy's assassination and shortly thereafter. The assassination of President Kennedy was the most photographed murder in history. Of the 500 photographs, the Warren Commission looked at 26. Both a spatial chart and a timing chart of the events and photographs are included in the article. Sprague, a computer professional for over 24 years, has, as an avocation. studied both the old and new evidence for over 6 years, and has analyzed over 400 of the 500 photographs. The work in com- puterized analysis of over 300 still photos and over 25.000 frames of movie sequences has bepa started. This article has drawn an unusual amount of atten- ties. Some of the attention it has received ineludest a United Press dispatch on May 1; an Associated Press dispatch on May 1; more than 20 interviews of the author over the telephone by radio and TV stations, result- ing in many broadcasts; ?a considerable number of letters, requests, and orders In regard to the article; and publication of newspaper accounts in at least .16 newspapers. .The list of these newspapers so for Is the tol- Boston Globe, Boston, Mass., May 1 Detroit Free Press, Detroit. Mich.. May 2 Fort Worth Star Telegram, Fort Worth, Texas, May 2 Ledger Star, Norfolk, Va., May 2 . Milwaukee Journal, Milwaukee, Wisc., May 1 Staten Island Advance, Staten Island. N.Y.. May 2 Tennesseean, Nashville, Tenn., May 3 Washington Post, Washington, D.C., May 3 York Gazette and Daily, York, Pa., May 6 San Francisco Examiner, San Francisco. Calif., May 2 Conspicuous by their absence are newspapers of New York, Los Angeles, and Chicago. Computers and Automation has been Informed that agents of the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States have been installed in these cities (and in other places) to prevent many kinds of news'', about political assassinations from being pub- lished in these cities and elsewhere. It is cer- tainly interesting to see the confirmation of this quite unproved hypothesis by the failure to publish any information about the article in almost all major newspapers of New York, Los Angeles, and Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601R000800280001-6 Approved For Release 20Qf>f1JMRCIA-RDP80-11601R000800280001-6 June 70 DePugh and the Minutemen: Wonderland of the Mind DePugh had first brought up the existence of this clique I when I telephoned him in October of 1967, a call which $TATINTL had been prompted by his public statement that "When fascism comes to the United States it will come in the guise OBERT BOLIVAR DE PUGH apparently possesses that special staying power of a man obsessed, in his case with the omnipresences of Communism and Socialism. DePugh is the national coordinator and founding father of the Minutemen, paramilitary organiza- tion of the ultra-right. But over the past three years, the title seems to have become more titular than real. Not that' the Minutemen are withering away; if anything they have become stronger. But an internal power struggle-the oppo- sition consisting of those who consider him too tame- evidently has robbed DePugh of much of his authority. I first met DePugh in 1966 while researching an article on the Minutemen (RAMPARTS, January 1967). We had con- versed in the cluttered office of Biolabs Inc., his family-run veterinary medicine firm located in Norborne, a dot on the rich and rolling farmtable of northwest Missouri. DePugh, a ruggedly handsome man in his mid-forties with intent dark I eyes and receding black hair, was calm and businesslike as he talked about the Minutemen and their manifesto. He observed that the country had, for all practical purposes, gone Communist during Franklin Roosevelt's second term, and that only revolutionary, not political means, could reclaim it. OW, THREE YEARS LATER, he looked much as he had before, although his changed circumstances showed how much water had passed under the bridge. This time I interviewed DePugh in a hold- ing cell in the U.S. Marshal's office in Kansas City, where he had been brought from Leavenworth Penitentiary to stand trial for having jumped bail. The charge, stemmed from his having gone underground for a year and a half, during which time he roamed the western United States disguised in the improbable garb of a hippie and sent off "Under- ground News Bulletins" to the media. I was in Kansas City, having been subpoenaed as a defense witrless in the case. Also in the cell were his two attorneys, one from Legal Aid -DePugh had claimed indigent defendant status-and the other a volunteer with a professional interest in the legal issues raised. k b nown een For all his wild rhetoric, DePugh rarely has to lose his cool, and he hadn't lost it now. He outlined for me the technical defense he and his attorneys were con- sidering for the trial, due to get under way the next morn` fear for his life. There were indications, he explained, that an opposing element of the radical right had marked him for death, and there had been no point in going to the FBI for protection because t e FBI was in cahoots with this very element. It was clear that DePugh was alluding to a Minutemen splinter group that he had earlier described as a "Nazi Clique." of anti-Communism." The full statement seemed not only to confirm DePugh's known antipathy toward the Ameri- can Nazi Party of George Lincoln Rockwell, but to bolster suspicions of a deep rift between DePugh and factions of his own organization. On the urging of New Orleans District Attorney Jim Garrison, I made the call and posed the possi- bility that renegade Minutemen had been involved in the Kennedy assassination. DePugh readily agreed, saying that he had some evidence that might explain unanswered ques- tions about events at Dealey Plaza in Dallas It was only a few months after this exploratory contact on the topic of the assassination that the chief Minuteman had gone under- ground. Pacing back and forth in the cell, DePugh said that Garri- son had also been subpoenaed but had balked at appearing, on the grounds of a recent back operation. DePugh ex- plained Garrison's role in his case: "When I talked with Jim on the phone [in October 19671, he told me about the mysterious deaths of a number of figures in his investiga- tion." Among those whose deaths had been listed by Garri- son were three men who by DePugh's admission were mem- bers of the Minutemen. It was hoped that I would testify to the brief telephone discussion on the assassination in 1967 as well as enumerate the strange deaths. In addition, DePugh was a bit paranoid on the subject of FBI harassment and surveillance, and was convinced that agents had burglarized records in his Rich- mond, Missouri, facility. Could I attest, on the basis of my own experience, that such tactics were in fact regularly em- ployed by the Bureau? During the discussion, one of the attorneys was summoned outside to answer a telephone call. "1 ran into an FBI agent in the corridor," he men- tioned later. "He said he'd give anything to hear what was going on in here." If DePugh's fears about the FBI were slightly over- wrought, his concern about Minutemen spin-off factions was not. One bit of extraneous matter which had been dredged up by the Garrison probe was the existence of a paramilitary cell in New Orleans whose leader, a retired Army officer, claimed to be "national commander" of the Minutemen. And in Los Angeles and Orange County, Cali- fornia, there is a clique that privately calls itself the "Real Minutemen." Some of DePugh's former members are liter- ally Nazis, having gone over to the American Nazi Party (ANP). Wasn't the ANP a gross burlesque, 1 asked him? "Not at all," he replied, naming a prominent Texas oil mil- in the right wing." HE SCHISM BETWEEN Nazis and Minutemen is based at least in part on ideological differences. To I DePugh and his , loyalists, the primary enemy is Washington, the seat of power of an increasingly large central bureaucracy.' DePugh once stated on a radio, ? A ro tri?I e 2006/1/03 by n Approved For Mel se 200610i 4 T&"IA1RDP80- 1601 R000800280001-6 SAGAI SAGA penetrates the veil of secrecy and gives you, for ? 4 the first time anywhere, Roy Norton ..,i,a:'!,?;~,R''~~ ++~+~ ? r ?~',~'il?~ %' !..x110 ie ~~'+1 ,+,/+ 1;~~ii, ~+''~ ,~(4 ~?~i4tr1':L+ 1~ 1;+ t :: ??,. 1. M ,/ ,? t +.~ ? J t+l . a ~~pi ~h t~?f f_ 1y / ~r ,: +~-? r '?ti ~?? . ,~ 1 M Y. .? 7.y ; ~L~ !rr? R y'~_f~r '.,+~.''.? '1 ?J Y.~ i r~.l ?t r~~?~1i ~!'~L~?. `1 ?,, .. ~?+: ~, ~'~+ .. Approvea,F5ot R6jea4e2006/,01/Q3' ~; C4 Rt$P60~p~ 6.0:1 R000$OOf26?001 `6'. ?A~OA 90 p Aoatinued Approved For Release 200' 1i/T&A-RDP8O-01 0 ' DAILY ZiE.. S 2 MAY 1970 'Fit c?fspdracy Computer sees Sprague said his analysis of the evi. dence indicated the assassination was .1i the result of a conspiracy involving over .1 50 persons. NEWTON, Mass. (UPD - A computer specialist today published the results of, a computerized analysis of the assassina- tion of President John F. Kennedy which he said indicated four' +gunmen firing ' ? I from different locations committed the' crime. A Writing in "the current issue of "Tom- i, puters and Automation," Richard E:;; J ment and elements, of ;the CIA were in-' ~ vnlvpel in eho nine Mr. Sprague's article also said that members of the Dallas Police, Depart= ,i He based his conclusions on a partially 300 photographs and 25,000 frames of .4 movie sequences. completed computerized analysis of over. He said that of ? the 500, photographs available to the Warren Commission, it + only looked at 26: Mr. Sprague, president. of, Personal- . Data Service Hartsd le N Y id th ' , a , . ., sa e , Warren Commission conclusion that Lee ` I! Approved For Release 2006/01/03: CIA-RDP8O-0 1601 R0008.00280001-6 Approved For Relea t"0 C&**UMtfla0r1601 000800280001-6 . Kay 1970 S ATINTL Part 1. Introduction Who Assassinated President Kennedy? John F. Kennedy, while riding in an open limousine through Denley Plaza and waving to the surrounding crowds, was shot to death. Lee Harvey Oswald, an ex-Marine, and former visitor to the Soviet Union, was arrested that afternoon in a movie theatre in Oswald denied steadily through two days of question-.. another section of Dallas; that night he was charged with shooting President Kennedy from the sixth floor easternmost window of the Texas School Book Deposi- tory Building overlooking Healey Plaza. This net elusive evidence that on November 22, 1963, he did ' pnotograpnlc evlaence. There was in fact a conspiracy. Oswald played a role in the conspiracy, although there is con- evidence, and In particular some analysis of the ' This article will develop that thesis, prove it to be true on the basis of substantial, conclusive '?? the crucial evidence - such as the physics of the wrong many times before, shooting, the timing of a number of events. and wrong again in this case. For ethe reaa other important and undeniable facts. In other !?''?'. g example, P words, Oswald was not the sole assassin, and there r' of the United States almost entirely refused to 1/-r- Inv firs rears (10(11 fn IOonnAI that fhn Wringht ht Central Intelli exiles, some ad some other grow very highly lilt government bees other words, tl petrators of t Orwell's famou Of course, neither true 1 evidence, iti ,,As to believe Jim Garrison' in Feb. and M the United St the people it was a conspil- investigatio distorted wq to the satis Clay Show wa though he pi The news met newspapers such a way The media 1 opinion, if poll percen lion, that conclusion was accepted by many America" . , for a long time. But the conclusion cannot be ton- acy. ing (no record of questions and answers was ever preserved). Two days later while Oswald was being transferred from one jail to another, he was shot by Jack Ruby, a Dallas night-club owner, In the basement of the Dallas police station, while mil- lions of Americans watched on television. The com- mission of investigation, appointed by President Lyndon B. Johnson, and headed by Chief Justice Earl Warren of the U. S. Supreme Court, published its report in September 1964, and concluded that Oswald as he claimed when he was in the Dallas jail, he was a "patsy." At least three gunmen (and probe- bly four) - none of whom were in the sixth floor easternmost window of the Texas School Book Depos-': itory building where the Warren Commission placed Kennedy. Governor John B. Connally, Jr. of Texas, riding is by Abraham Zapruder; (b) the locations of the in- Is y e In Kennedy and in Connolly; and (c) more old evidence, the evidence which the Commission it- Juries y a y' 1;" self published in the 26 volumes of Evidence and than 100 pictures, consisting of more then 30 ;,1'?.? Hearings accompanying the Warren Report. Much of still photographs and more then 70 frames of me- the new evidence and the new analyses of the old (a) the physics of the motions of Kennedy and Cos- i'?'?{? V. Holly shown in some 60 frames of the famous film There now exists not only a mountain of new evi- dence but also considerable new anal sis of th in his throat, one in his, back, and two in his ? hand. (The bulk of the undeniable evidence for The evidence for the statement - the Warren these. statements about the shots consists of: Commission conelusiona are [alas - is now over- w~` whelmin persons included members of the Dallas police force `k' S?, shoul There are four prime'sources of new evidence and (but not all of the Dallas police - and that so- d write me. ' ! ,;,f~~~; atsalrabt Note Researchers all over the United States. some from the Publinher: In order to include the article by Richard E. Sprague in this fsnus of Can- '.~;;'t ? y''~?', 1! affiliated with the Notional Committee to e.tern n"el Aiitomation, it wait noconnary to type two Investigate Assassinations (NCTIA). others ortLa n t~tflpejaoe of our "Across the bdltor'e acting independently but cooperating with Dank" onotion, rather than the meta t typeface or the NCTIA. have ?btalned'new evidence from - our nrtioioa. ,(/~?pg?ry~ j ~1 Litt" : CIA-RDP80-01 MIN ~ Qf1''" conspirators that haw . , ? confessleaa. air. Only after the Wright brothers had won spec- tacular air races and demonstrated other successful flights in France, did the majority of the "hard- headed" American press believe that the Wright broth- era had flown! But the evidence cited or referred to in this article, and the existing photographic evidence and its analysis, a little of which is published here. establishes the fact of conspiracy. This evidence along with other evidence should and can initialize a major change in the beliefs of the people of the .United States. As for beliefs of the people of Europe, it has long been and still is accepted there that President John F. Kennedy was assassinated by a conspiracy. STATINTL As it has a way of doing from has pointed out, one of the most baf- time to time, the Kennedy assassina- fling questions concerns a letter Os- tion has crawled out from under the wald wrote to the Soviet Embassy in Warren Commission Report and back , Washington on November 12, 1963 - into the news. Sherman Skolnick, a only ten days before the Dallas trai- legal researcher in Chicago, filed suit last week in an effort to unlock secret information salted away in the Na- tional Archives until the year 2039. Skolnick says he has evidence that President John Kennedy was killed by a conspiracy and not by a mentally unstable individual acting alone, as the Warren Report contends. Specifically, he is tracking a man named Thomas Arthur Vallee, "a double for Lee Harvey Oswald," and one of five conspirators who allegedly ,planned to kill the President at the Army-Air Force football game in Chi- cago on November 2, 1963. The law- suit states that after Kennedy can- celed his Chicago appearance at the last minute because of a cold, the as- sassination attempt was rescheduled for Dallas. The suit cites a recently declassified Warren document that discloses an FBI freeze on all infor- mation regarding Vallee's automobile regist rat ion. Regardless of the merits of Skol- nick's case, at least his theory p.bout an assassination conspiracy is not without some substantiation.. Richard ,Russell, a member of the Warren Commission and one of the most re- ?spected men in the U.S. Senate, said in a rare television interview earlier this year that he never has believed 'Oswald planned the assassination alone. Because of his doubts, Senator people and why. This question should,``I~ Russell said he insisted on a disclaimer` be answered, once and for all by the sentence in the final Warren Report,,. Nixon Administration. According to.r before he would sign it. the Justice Department, the President Six and a half years after the as- is now free, under provisions of the sassination, the FBI still is trying. to Freedom of Information Act of 1966, unravel a number of mysteries sur- to make public all' documents sealed rounding the activities and. affiliations-,.i,: by. the;,,,--WanxrQA., .C rnmission.- Ti1iis r~t ? he`.; Oswald.. As Columnist Paul Scoj -, should do ithpu+y .delay. rat ,.r Approved For R*Pjpr0 CTR-RDP80-01601000800280001-6 Unlock the Dallas Secrets dy. Mrs. Ruth Paine, with whom G. wald's Russian wife, Marina, was, staying, told the Warren Commission':j that she managed to copy the letter during.. the weekend of November 9; she turned it over to the FBI the day after the assassination. In this letter, Oswald asked for other Soviet visa and referred to the then unannounced recall of Euscbio' Azque, a Cuban Embassy official in Mexico City with whom he had dealt during his visit there two months ear- lier. Oswald's mention of "C&'hrade' Kostin" confirmed a CIA report that he also had met with Valerity Vlad- imirovich Kostikov, a Soviet consular officer and one of the top KGB offi- cers in the Western Hemisphere. . What baffles the FBI is how Oswald: came by inside information about. the Cuban Consul's recall some time be- fore the transfer took place on No- vember 18, 1963, just four days before the President was murdered. Among the documents ordered sealed by the Warren Commission are reports about this letter and about Oswald's con tacts with various Soviet and Cuban officials in Mexico City. If "people in high places".are sup-' pressing facts about President Kenne-, dy's death, as the assassin's assassin Jack Ruby alleged, one wonders just'' what is being kept from the American Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001-6 Approved For Release 2006/01/03: CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001 _ IATINTt DAr1TINOU S.UX 7 APR 1970 J U.S. Is Sued In Kennedy"Plot' . Chicago, April 6 (p-A suit charging the-National Archives in Washington with suppressing documents about an alleged plot to assassinate President John F. 'Kennedy in Chicago was filed to- Iday in U.S. District Court. The suit, filed by Sherman 1Skolnick, a legal researcher, contends that the archives are 1withholding information that shows President Kennedy died not at the hands of a lone assas- I sin, but as the result of a con- spiracy. Radio station WCFL, a Metro- media affiliate owned by the Chicago Federation of Labor and Industrial Union Council, which aired the story before the suit was filed and worked with Mr. Skolnick In its preparation, said the suit "is believed to be the first in the nation challeng- Ing the authority of the archives to withhold information about the Kennedy death for 15 years." Warren Commission Finding The Warren Commission, a panel appointed by President Johnson to investigate the as- sassination, said that Mr. Ken- nedy was killed by a single man, Lee Harvey Oswald, and that it could find no evidence of a con- spiracy. The suit asserts that five con- spirators planned to kill the President at the Army-Air Force football game in Chicago No- vember 2, 1963. But when Mr. Kennedy canceled his appear- ance. because ,o[ eoW at the last minute, the suit alleges, the assassination attempt was re- scheduled for Dallas three weeks later. The suit states that "less than an hour before the Presi- dent's scheduled arrival," a Chicago lithographer was arrest- ed for a minor traffic violation. It said the man, one of the con- spirators, also was charged with carrying a concealed weapon after police noticed a hunting knife on the front seat of the car. Skolnick's Theory Mr. Skolnick contends the lith- ographer, Thomas Arthur Val- lee, "was a double for Lee Harv. ey Oswald." Attached to the suit were 11 documents, including three FBI reports pertaining to the assassi. nation that recently were deelas. shied by the National Archives. One of the reports says that Mr. Valee, in a January 14, 1964, appearance in a federal circuit court, "revealed he was very, much against the present admin-' istration." The report also states that Judge 1F'ordon B. Mash denied a defense motion to sup- press evidence . on the con- cealed-weapon charge and re- leased Mr. Vallee on $100 bond. Another report states that Wil- liam . Corley, a Chicago televi- sion news director at the time, assigned a newsman to trace the license plates on Mr. Vallee's car, 311ORF-NV, but that the newsman' reported that "the FBI had placed a ii!. on any hint. oration regarding this registra- tion." The third declassified docu- ment states that Judge Nash withdrew the finding of guilty on the concealed-weapon charge at Mr. Vallee's subsequent court appearance and continued the case for a year. Mr. Skolnick, who said the documents were sent to him by an undisclosed person, said that recent efforts to trace Mr. Val- lee's whereabouts were unsuc- cessful. The suit demands that Wanes rat bS4d+ed V4 Approved For Release 2006/01/03 CIA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001-6 Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-016 DAILY EGYPTIAN -- SOUTHERN ILLINOIS UNIVERSITY 7 April 1970 CIA capable of -overthrow Ing, By Dick Gregory i the same America which goes 7y~ ~j'~ Every listing of the year's all over the world trying to. (r Y tJ best films places the movie force democracy on other na- "Z" very high on the list. { bons at guripoint, . . moral standards, and honest Z d Rightfully so. It is educa- tional cinema and should be viewed after a careful read- ing of a synopsis of the Conspiracy 8/7 Trial in Chi- cago. Though filmed in France and referring to the political situation in Greece, "Z" deals with topics increasingly fam- iliar in America - government control, the attempt of con- cerned citizens to articulate e syn rome runs orientation can be considered, deeper in America, and the a "security risk" by the CIA, Greece scenario could well be -I must conclude that the CIA a glimpse at America's not- is worried about its own se-, too-distant future. Americans:curity and not that of the' were horrified and outraged';Llnited Statea_. they when the late Malcolm X re-.,, Yet the CIA is generally re-1 ferred to the assassination of garded as a necess--.y pre- President John F. Kennedy as. sence to guard against "com- an example of "Chickens munist influences." The CIA ing home to roost." What, is better trained, b e t t e r passed as a flippant and cal- equipped and better prepared prepared a higher morality, and the bus disregard for the memory than any' communist to assassination as a i of the dead president was ced group or individual in this , sure way to silence both dis- { really a perceptive political r country w 111 ever b e. If sent and morality, comment. Malcolm X realized,' overnmental takeover re- in the movie, the peace the role of the Central In sults in America, it will be .~ faction is the "enemy" of es- telligence Agency (CIA) in the the CIA's doing, not the com- tablished government. Rallies overthrow of foreign govern- munistsl and mass meetings are dis- ments and the killing off of The CIA has been very active couraged and frustrated by Political leaders. ` He was infiltrating movements and in- h h e c u..,,,, denials of meeting permits and agency well schooled in the ?",V,, e - t .rnvern_ educational institutions, the _ art of overthrowin f g large e --_...___ ... ments is like1 to a p that - meeting places to refuse rental .art one da on our own gov (which finance both movements , ern- privileges to the peace faction. ., y g and institutions), and the After a mass meeting, the ment. ouch/peace movement. Such _ - - _ - There is no doubt in my by a truck. An investigation is mind that the CIA snot v r1V than a kind of political vo- launched and the unmistake- and had a hand in the subse- t s of Robert yeurism. uent killin g able evidence points in the 41 ___--{... ennedy. Malcolm X and Mar- Perhaps it would take a t b r ... _..._,,.. y government goons. Result: tin Luther King Jr. 1 ne list o--- -11.-. ..,. ,,,. ., ., -S ..,.,......,,, of mysterious and convenient unsuspected forces within the ling of all those wise to the ation of JFK bears a strong i majority of Americans realize, governmental conspiracy (all resemblance to the movie )I what . a precious commodity under the umbrella of acciden- "'Z." That the CIA is actively , true democracy really is; tal death and due legal process) I capable of close and illegal i much too precious to be and, in the end, government surveillance is proved in my mocked and ridiculed by the by dictatorship. , personal experience almost current Infatuation. with But what has this to do every day. pseudo-patriotism.. } RAN with America, the silent As I travel in this country , majority will say? For one and abroad, I am constantly thing, it deals with a very ;followed and watched. I know, real siruarionIn rre'ce. And that hotel rooms are bugged America, whose governmental and wired, that two-way mir- .gut characteristic has never xors are installed, right in been an aversion to Interfering ,the nation's capitol, as pointed Doug- William O i . ce in the affairs of other nations, put~in Just stood silently by and watched las new book "Points of Re- democracy fall. Then Amerl- bellion." And I also know my deep and abiding faith in the h ca s silence was broken w en Constitution of the United she officially recognized the States and my commitment to ita newly established ,,,~~nnilCQ^s dictatorship in Greecxe` t`~grd itomR+dWJ9eg2OO6M.1/Wa:'OPA-RDP80-01601 R000800280001-6 ... . of my _: e_t h i c a 1 aereuasion., Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01 NEW YORK TIMES 28 Feb 1970 Clay Shaw Sues Garrison And Others for o5-Million, NEW ORLEANS, Feb. 27 (AP)' --Clay L. Shaw, acquitted a year ago of charges that he conspired to kill president Ken-, nedy, filed a $5-million damage suit today against District At- torney Jim Garrison and others involved in the case. The suit, filed in Federal Dis- trict Court, contended that the conspiracy charge brought by Mr. Garrison against Mr. Shaw was "in furtherance of his scheme and that of the defend- ants to conduct an illegal, use- less and fraudulent investiga- tion of the assassination of President Kennedy." Mr. Shaw was acquitted March 1, 1969, by a criminal district court jiKy Others named in the suit were Perry Raymond Russo, the chio:r prosecution witness at Mr, Shaw's trial; Dr. Esmond A. Fatter, who iiyimotized . Mr. .Russo at G. rrison's request Ito help him recall events lead- ing up to the alleged conspira- cy, and three members of Truth and Consequences of New Or- leans, Inc., the private fund that helped Mr. Garrison finance his investigation--Joseph M., IRault Jr.. Willard Robertson sand. Cecil M. 6hilswne.' : s Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP86-01601 R0008002&0001-6 Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-ROP80-016 _ C - 2 . acr Front Edit Orhrr Pape rays Pape NIAfRA FALLS, N.Y. GAZETTE E - 35,497 S - 35,241 F E B 4 1970 Lan e - rots at C J 1nMuid~r o I By DAVID L. RUSSELL nocent or not atone ttf ms guilt, I Gazette Staff Writer but we don't really care about the truth." He said the assassination of 'John F. Kennedy was the pro- Had to hide Truth *ct of an elaborate and well "At the time," continued rganized conspiracy. Mr. Lane, "it was necessary lie said the murders of Mar-(for Jack Ruby to shoot Oswald. in Luther Kin-, and Robert F. Whether Oswald was guilty or i ennedy were probably alsoinnocent, the truth had to be planned and executed, not by ,concealed to -protect the con- la lone assassin, but by a group spracy." f A erican conspirators ::But only five years later, on incomplete, far from con elusive and "mostly concocted" 4 L _ fy jiL J ..~ evidence. fZ1' He said the commission "fits the physical evidence at hand, Predicts New Trial Into a carefully prepared but Mr Lane predicted Tuesday' entirely erroneous" description night that "in shout foul of Oswald's movements and' months" a new trial against actions that day, then "called, flay Shaw, for perjury this the whole theoretical fabrication; time, would uncover "startling the facts." revelations about what really happened that day in Dallas, and under whose direction." Questioned about what those revelations might be, Mr. Lane Evidence Sealed.. "After the report w a 61 published," said Mr. Lane, "Lyndon Johnson took all the evidence collected by the Dallas said that he was, not In a posi?!the Secret 'Service and put ii 'lion to say. in the National Archives, to be He also said, however, thatopened sometime toward the. he thinks Mr. Garrison believes end of September, in the year, the Central Intelligence Agency, 2039." was at least indirectly involved "Johnson thus prevented, in the assassination of President: continued Mr. Lane, '' a n y; Kennedy, further use of those materials' Mr. Lane said that the Presi- by those who are not convinced) He spoke calmly and with James Earl Ray did not have conviction and called the War- to be silenced by the con-i tiro Commission Report' "a spirators who assassinated Imonstrous 26 -volume absur- Martin Luther King. dity." "No one seriously believes He said the, Central Inte1. i that Ray alone murdered King. Bence Agency m"ay nave n Ray himself testified he was iavclC ~?" and Lyndon Johnson part of a conspiracy, but his testimony was dismissed as ir- eras at least an accessory t " in the billing of relevant. _ .. th f fter e ac , rea,ueu. i~cuucu~. )about the truth find, it Seems, Avers it's True still don't." CIA and replacing it with an intelligence group that would be ked l ~ oo , i Mark Lane somehow ._ 500 people in the eye and swore Backed Garrison "more responsible to the ex- fact," said Mr. Lane. What he said was the truth, Lane said that although bery' ecutive branch" The former New York Stater The author of the best-serer Knnnedy never publicly exJ "Kennedy felt," said Mr ,legislator spoke for more than. t the CIA had pur? "th I' a "Ftush to Judgement" told those Lane,pressed his views on the War-, him about the si?'a nour in the NU student cen- tho' duped gathered Tuesday night at the posely ten Commission Report, lecture sponsored by Niagara tuation in Cuba before the Bayi r, and )stet) answered ques- lUniversity's s t u d e n tgovernI young senator had privately of Pigs invasion so that whe lions from people-on both sides !?. b n exile. were nushed`Inf the communications car). h a t e neat that a recem Vtu,U-, rU,t calnc~cu ouyva. ~? ??~??, Weapons Involved ndicated 84 per cent of the Orleans Dist. Atly,+ Jim Gar- off the beach, the President!2 l committed to sending that ld f di ence , ee wou He told the au merican public does not accept rison's attempts to prove con- TT s aircraft to their rescue." to the findings of the ontrar c y i s i on ss tale Warren Comm splracy in the assassination. (Warren 'Commission, all count of events in Dallas in "Just before Bobby himself plan Didn't Works. ~~ Those aircraft never came, evidence indicated that the shots L id M b " " ane er sa so thefired in Dallas in Novem November 1963. as murdered, r. continued Mr. Lane, "The most disquieting thing'.,"he sent emissaries to Garrisol, CIA's plan to force KennedY11963 had come from at least' about that," he said "is that' urging continued investigation. into taking Cuba back from.two directions and at least two According to Mr. Lane , Castro didn't work." 1weapons. the same pbll shows that most' himself a witness at the. Clay. Mr. Lane said he did not; No one, he said, is capable ,Americans do not want any, Shaw conspiracy trial in New; know for sure whether Mr. of firing the "unreliable and further investigation into ~rlcans, one Robert Ken; Garrison's current lnvestiga- inaccurate loth century sinrle- matter." nedys emissaries to Mr. Gar al tions had anything' to do with shot rifle" which the commission "That means we all know Lee trison carried a direct quote: the possible involvement of they said Mr. Oswald used to fi:c,' Harvey Oswald was either foil , "There are guns' between me CIA in the assassination of the, from above and behind, -three into. the Kennedy li-j Approved For Release 2006/01/03: CIA-RDP80-01601R000800280001-6 Continued lust 'before he was killed, lof thg basis in fact of the War? dent r port by the Warren Com-. oussion on the assassination of concluding that] John Kennedy , Lee Harvey Oswald had been; the sole assassin, was based, Approved For Release 2006/01/03 : CIA-RDP80-01 THE DAILY ILLM 3 Feb 1970 /JDic!k Gre ory y b y g E%cry listing of the year's best films crnments is likely to apply that art one "commodity true democracy realty is; mucn places the movie "Z" very high on the day on our own government. too precious to be mocked and ridiculed by list. Rightly so. It is educational 'cinema There is no doubt in my mind that the'/the current infatuation with pseudo-patri. Jand should be viewed after a careful read- CIA shot JFK and had a hand in the sub otism. ing of the synopsis of the Conspiracy 8/7 scquerit killings of Robert Kennedy, Mal-. 1, It will be a had day for many Amerl- Trial in Chicago. color X and Martin Luther King Jr. The cans when events force them to realize Though filmed in France and referring lost of myslei ~us_~tud convenient.