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December 9, 2016
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November 3, 2000
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July 31, 1971
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PDF icon CIA-RDP80-01601R000900140001-0.pdf67.96 KB
Approved for Release 2001 /o tO4 `'StA f P80-01601 R000 1 ~,t J.L '? a l C... ? y'1 1! sf l'y1_ ;~~ :>!l. Revolution Next Door- Latin e `je1>0r 'by _:a.I_y / ac.Loi.n (1 Iolt, Rinehart and Winston; $6.95) Gary MacLoin assembles the necessary facts to prove that revolution next door is inevitable.. The Alliance for Progress has failed, and the reforms a,, ' rced on at Punta del Este Have been blocked when- ever anyone has tried to implement them. The distur'uing new element in this book lies in the plentiful evidence that the United Slates may already be so enmeshed in Latin American econo- mies as to find difficulty in disengage- ment when the firing begins. The situa- tion is comparable to the early years in Vietnam when the extent of our in- volvement was large but hard to see. Once again the role of imperialism is the cause. 'I he Swedish authority, Gun- nar t`.lyrdal, is quoted as roughly esti- Imating that "directly or indirectly through joint enterprises or other ar- rangeuunts,. United States corporations nosy control or?decisively influence be- tween 70 and 90 percent of the raw ma- terial resources of Latin America, and probably more than half of its modern manufacturing industry, banking, com- merce, and foreign trade, as well as much of its public utilities." That high percentage of big business involvement and control cleans there are innumer- able American families who will find disassociation from eng.;erment in Latin America economically painful. Our imperialism is also extending its neo-colonial tentacles into the social and political life. Latin American armed forces have been assimilated into the United States defense systcnm' under which participating countries receive advanced weapons and integrated train- ing. Instruction includes ideology. The same old ruse of fighting "communist subversion" is being used to maintain the hemispheric status quo. And Latin American labor syndicates have been emasculated. Their leaders have been trained in our brand of trade unionism so expertly that they can easily be ma- `pps~e,ttFgr1_2siib4 tute for Free Labor Development "to corrupt and 'control popular move- ments." According to MacLoin, we have also invaded Latin American culture, finding it beneficial to integrate Latin American higher education with our own machin- ery for establishing academic standing. We can then employ the properly trained nationals in our international industrial complex, or drain off the brains ':here shortages exist at home. Also we have monopolized the mass media so that they may play their part in cultural colonialism; our insistent advertising sells both our products and our dollar-sign notions of human needs. The {penetration thus appears to be complete. But whet is happening? In Panama, Peru and Bolivia, power has .been seized by the armies "to protect the people from the exploitation of lo- cal oligarchs and their international business allies." Chile has ,one tire same road by means of a democratic election. All through the continent, sup- pressed nationalist elements are taking heart. Even .though it may be a long wait, they are holding out to regain the control of their destinies. ivlacCoin sees a.parallel here with the pacification pro- gram in Indochina: "the more total the penetration the more negative the, re- sults. Political scientists must, in the future, cite this experience as no less significant than that of the Vietnam war when they discuss the power of the great." ? Vi s'ga.I a rce'a.afer STATOTHR CIA-RDP80-01601 R000900140001-0