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September 9, 1971
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STATINTL Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP8 SAIL FRANCISCO, CAI,. CHRONICLE. 5 L P I:9 X480 p 233 9 1971 ?'r 9 4. j ~'~')I itl ~i.r.ra.nnrFP .r 1-9 Acac rni ~, -" a rnl:agon ant-general finding himself in charge of a tr_chnolog- ical training course for a Latin American colonel, doesn't prod the colonel to overt hro\v his own un- ?rateful .goveenmcllt, though he may not be disinter- 1-steel if the colonel does just that.. The real catch in our time is the Cent cal Iotelli- ~( Bence" Agency. This octopus espionage system no- 6Jhere. employs its tentacles more assiduously than rul 1l '( () r, 4 in Latin American capitals. It is a known fad that in c venal Central American governments facing re /At, the CIA has often been a. controlling factor. It Fakes es SUSS may bungle, and ma\' not get \\ 'hat it.. I warits, but it just goes back to the drawing hoard. 4 The CIA is not in Mr. l..aird's jurisdiction, hilt AM D ,,,, . E-. ? `.? advice and influence illerr e with Pentagon ntti-: A..fkl]) l).,`~I ,S U.S. Stirs ]+atin Revolts, says to)d,s, and it can create situations which can back ~' the h d ti ] i h adli ne r e ne an Pn al my ear a mcasuir , t:i"z Penta;oa into a corner. of truth, but it needs examining. The Defense Srcrr- It congressmen had the wit to ask W. Lai?r?d tart' was I cstifyii g before the IJousr Approln'i=itic,i!, 1), .,,,,,,;a+ -.t?, .: AA--I, -1111. L....".. .._.."...._ ab~ll.,t, t.t., he nii#:ht chsclailll hIs ilil',sdiction. but to keep it under wraps for a few six months seems another exam- plc of the Washington secrecy oh- session. But. that's an aside. A;rr. Laird said: "I think it is important to bear in mind that the military is. the only cohcsit'r group in many countries in Lain America ... We ha\e cle:ir pi'rf- ercnce for free processes, hut. we cleat l[',lh governments arc. { ,.~^.+. tt +.'- c.. , l . 11. 111)17111 /1{' 1111 f,?1 t'~II lj , Irl~{. Il\IIi L \, but a(nl+~ 1~;.~x it \vcliid be released to I he people very soon. True- eliougli, 1)1,11 it %-\L11 h;:l?ril\' sat.i v ni"! critics who maintain the n wed Stilt s has for \?r;11':' been pi'eclpltair,,in ?'rcoen /.a,g I . i n Americann (li,?- Iatol?s v.-h n rwc c: tr.'t, is}lcc li!:.? pewee' in ;t coup. Laird thh'ks ii \\a, a mist tk' -1.hat (,cftn ;l'r' l'i'mited the fell:+,gen nil salt` of at'li;s 1cf Latin Anlr,'- ii (now Si".if! tin" on ii ak! hi, 1n1'tst, husilc' fi,'it- lsh.and F"re n cli 1t'11?5 ill?:; fen merely flil the Cacti .? Mill. ;.AY 111, V, beside Ih ??poin1. since the United., States can h 'cIt J1r; \cht_snlali nations from ar- quiring European -irnns, elthPr ~rnlll;?"ic'cl or leg; lly purchased, only because it. \t'oltld prefer They buy our Arms. But. this: r-ntr;'s the` domain of international rth- ic:s. and we have been arguin the ethics of our vela- tions with Latin American disturbances for a Mrltu- ry, and with the hest of motives we have been burned manly times, Cuba a sharp rec:ent example. F 1 li ni >it'IWE ti OF the question Has in the overt acts of the American mititary in Latin American upheavals,. and the for cgoin ; headline reflects the problem in a Laird denial. Ile said: "No part of the U.S. training given Lat- in- American officers is in any way related to the o\'erthrow of Latin American governments Septerilhcr 9, 1.9.1 .l Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601 R001200840001-9 Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601 R001200840001-9 BEST COPY Available THROUGHOUT FOLDER Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601 R001200840001-9 THE Sm"i FRANCISCO CNRON1:CLE Approved For Release 2001/6/h' G?A RDP80-01601 R By Thayer Waldo 'Chronicle Foreign Service Mexico City The violent toppling of still another. Bolivian re- gime is seen by knowledge- able sources here as part of a far-reaching move- ment, backed by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agen- cy (CIA), to seize power in a total of six South Ameri- ? can republics. Although it has been offi- cially denied, CIA money, A Wows Analysis C ' minded over- training a n d advice was liberally giv- en to the reb- el strategists -w h o master- crop tip in at least three of CIA collaboration was I theother target republics. It sought by Peru's exyis regarded as most probable president, F e r n a n d o Be- in Argentina, where the plan- launde Terry, with the con Hers hope to put ex-president sent of his colleagues in the: Arturo Frondizi back in of- movement. Although it re- fiee and keep former dictator mains to be clarified whether Juan Peron out. President Nixon was consult- Uruguay a n d Colombia, ed personally, there can be iow-ever, represent the no doubt that CIA Directo greatest risks, for prime reli- Richard Helms got the green ante in both countries. is to light at top administration be placed on the electoral level. process. PARTIES ELECTION The plotters seek to estab- The Uruguayan constitu- lish center-left, non- tion forbids two consecutive Communist regimes within presidential terms, but sup- the respective countries,, porters of President Jorge relying chiefly on the leaders and programs of Social Dem- ocrat or Christian Democrat parties. HoweVer, since they must also count on the aid of-mili- tary men whd are in many cases extreme political right- ists, personally ambitious, or both, success in attaining those ends is at best uncer- tain. The Bolivian developments offer a clear case in point. Former president Victor Paz Estenssoro of that landlocked -Andean republic, a moderate Socialist, is a "brain trust" member; the main purpose of the revolt there was to let him return from seven years' exile in Lima and take over the presidency again. . FALANGE But Colonel Hugo Banzer, They believe that another for an amendment which year anu a nau vi tIuenuv 5 would let him run again in socialization program w i 11 November - with the court- have alienated enought Chile- try's present "state of emer- and to make his ouster from gency" measures maintained office both practical and pop- throw o f Bolivia's leftist President Juan Jose Torres. Similar action is reportedly planned over the next 18 months in Peru, Argentina and Chile, probably in that order. In Uruguay and Col- ombia, it is felt that attempts will be made to achieve the .goal through the ballot box, with' force reserved as a last resort. Because the Bolivian politi- cal-situation has been chroni- cally chaotic throughout its history - the latest coup was number 187 In 146 years of independence - that repub- lic was given top priority on the international planners' timetable. EX-PRESIDENTS The "!brain trust" of this sweeping Latin American scheme includes four.former presidents of the -countries involved - all -but one also ousted from office - promi- nent Catholic church leaders .and conservative officers in the armed services' com- mands of each nation. Their common aim is to prevent spread of Soviet and Communist Chinese penetra- tion in that area, following a s h a r p decline . of United States influencAp irEoved the past several years. . . during the balloting. They reason that tradition- a 11 y conservative farmers and cattlemen will join the business community in vot- ing for Pacheco against Lib- er Sergegni, the fiery ex- general who.wants to nation- backed by the fascist- oriented Bolivian Falange, had himself sworn in as chief executive before Paz could set foot on home soil. During Paz's two periods in office, his Nationalist Rev- olutionary Movement (1NR) and the Falange were bitter foes. Although they joined forces to help topple Torres, a voluntary surrender of-pow- er by one to the other is now considered most unlikely. Observers believe that sim- ilar frustrations are apt to in office, Rojas won a su- For Release 2001/03/O4e~'IRA-"1Ug18001200840001-9 ning comeback, almost win- alize industry and banking. And police power under the emergency decree is expect- I/ Allende's -immediate prede- cessor, Christian Democrat ning the presidency last year. The CIA view is that the ex-dictator must be defeated at all costs, and the CIA picked Lopez because he:' would let himself be put in office via a coup, if neces- sary, while Lleras would not. Last but by no means least' is Chile. The Marxist govern- ment of President Salvador, Allende was voted into pow er, whereas the Bolivian, Pe- i ruvian and Argentine re- gimes are all de facto. For that reason, Chile is last on the plotters schedule. -Eduardo Frei, would be the replacement. He, too, be- longs to the international movement's "brain trust." Well informed sources re- that the CIA has com- port mitted a $14 million fund to this six-nation project, with ed to keep leftist dentonstra- i close to a. million' of it al- tors off the streets. ready spent in helping to fi- The gamble will be even nance the Bolivian rebels. greater in Colombia, where a 16-year "co-existence" pact between the republic's two major political parties runs out in 1974. There the CIA has taken the initiative, insisting on support for independent left- ist Alfonso Lopez Michelsen over the objections of many who wanted to back respect- ed former president Alberto Lleras Camargo. ROJAS But the man to beat, every- one admits, is aging General Gustavo Rojas Pinilla, who ruled Colombia with an iron fist for 41,z years during the 1950s. Exiled, then* tried and condemned for malfeasance i THE SAIL 1ICISCO CrFttONi IC Approved For Release 200 110'3! : 1 -RDP80-01601 RO rff,q The CIA in Laos THE SENATE HAS WRUNG from the Cen- tral Intelligence Agency a public admission that this cloak-and-dagger agency is sustaining a force. of 30,000 irregulars in the secret war waged in Laos for so long. While the full extent of the role ,of the CIA is still unrevealed, such specific infor- mation that has now been put on the record is ap- palling. Even the Senate itself cannot tell how many millions the CIA is spending, because much of the money is hidden in budgets of other agencies. It is indicated, however, the CIA used about $135 mil- lion last year to train, pay and supervise the Lao-- tian "volunteers," as well as a force of perhaps 4800 Thai recruits. . Senator Symington, who forced the disclosure as chairman of a Senate Foreign Relations subcom- mittee, believes the employment of Thai soldiers violates an antimercenary provision of the De- fense Appropriations Act. "Not only are they breaking the law, but they intend to break it more," said the Senator. - - IN 1962, THE TIMES OF LONDON first re- ported the CIA was dabbling in internal Laotian affairs, and since then there have been bits and dabs of information putting the CIA in an increas- ingly disenchanting role. The CIA admitted last year it had 1040 men there, but this seems meager for training and supervising an active fighting force of upwards of 30,000 men. I Senator Symington is intent on finding out whether the United States can organize, finance and help fight a war without officially acknowledg- ing to Congress or the-people. At the very least, he has already made a case for reining in the CIA. Its fumbling in the U-2 episode, its blundering in the Bay of Pigs, and now its activities in Laos, clearly state that the CIA should be confined to gathering and evaluating intelligence, and that it should be withdrawn from the field of military operations. STATINTL f Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP80-01601 R001200840001-9 THE C it Approved For Release Uj, uylDy '$,-016 Liule ir~yt of rrn t e'p ,ii 71 STATINTL lie avers this is a violation of a omgresstonal directive last year, prohibiting financing mercena- riesin Laos except to. help free POWs or facilitate American troop ..vit.hdraivals. The committee is cur- rently, taking testimony from two aides recently in Indochina.. The Senator said he wrote to Secretary or State Rogers about it a month ago, and has received nc) reply. Then why not invite the Secretary to tell the committee what he knows about it, which might not be much, as there is no evidence Mr. Rogers talks to, CIA, or vice versa. But congressmen enjoy complaining, and don't enjoy doing. If they enjoyed doing they would adopt a joint resolution calling for an audit of CIA e.\pend- itures over the past few years. The howling would be pitiful that. this would uncover supersecret inves- tigation abroad, and work untold harm to vital. American "interest." Who say?.Who knows if CIA conniving is beneficial or detrimental to vital Amer- ican i n t c r e s.ts anywhere, since nobody has ever yielded an inkling of what it is all about? F RO . J1 IRSE ', , General Washington hired a schoolteacher named Nathan Hale to spy on the British in Manhattan. It was bad jud"linent. Hale had no experience in espionage, as he soon proved by being captured and hanged, to become an American immortal. In the Civil War the govern- ment hired the Pinkerton outfit. to set up an espionage system. It was never n such good, but neither was the Confederate. In World War -II we set no a 1, spy system. in Switzerland, and t: 1 Lr ~/ :~~ after the war it v,-~?s consolidated as Central Intelligence Agency. It has grown every year of the 26 since, encircling the globe with its tent~,cics, becom- ing aden .c empire defying the l're,iclent and the Congress to comprehend or control its global activi- ties. Excepting its frequent blund.cers, nobody knows or can discover what it is up to in a given time or place. Compared with it, Hoover's FBI is an open book. F OR FBI AGENT i are subject ultimately to court examination of their activities, which involve constitutional rights. CIA agents don't deal with those having constitutional rights, and nobody says how or why it disburses moneys voted to it by a generous and spellbound Congress. Most CIA action naturally focuses on trouble areas abf'Oad, Europe in general. Latin America, the. Mediterranean and the Far East. Since we have been engaged for 20 years in Asian intrigue, half of that time in warfare with Asiatics, that is where the CIA sleuths and provocateurs congregate and conspire in this or that policy, which is removed from the hands of the President and the will of Congress. This. has become it savage and slippery maze of blind forces at work, which no extraneous power on earth can unravel. T IS A PREPO STEROUS and dangerous situation I for the Americans, and bears no rtelatloil to their traditional integrity of purpose and responsibility. Senator -Chase of New Jersey, a member of'the Foreign Relations Committee, said last week he has learned from government sources there are "4000- 6000 Thai troops in Laos, and the United States is paying them through CIA." Approved For Release 2001/03/04: CIA-RDP8O-01601 R001 200840001-9 STATINTL 7'1T 1`1 "t 'ti NO the s!trersecrcr table of : 11 ' T .e .dJ?t?GYS~.' Fwd" 2 _ 5 T ?,i i 11 ,. R 1 u organi_ ation of C A, yo can see hot:r it ft nc:- tactics, but this doesn't stay their meddling. The re- ; icxi,l;;ha.rrnful fomentation, &