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December 14, 2016
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August 14, 2003
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December 17, 1964
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Approved For Release 2003/09/02 : CIA-RDP80B01 0001 THE WHITE 11O1USE WASHINGTON SECRET December 17, 1964 NATIONAL SECURITY ACTION MEMORANDUM NO. 322 TO: THE SECRETARY OF STATE THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE SUBJECT: Guidelines for Discussions on the Nuclear De ense of t e Atlantic Alliance We now face very important discussions with our Allies on future plans for the nuclear defense of the Atlantic Alliance. I am sending you this memorandum to establish guidelines for this discussion. 1. . Unless I give specific instructions to the contrary, I do not wish any American official in any forum to press for a binding agreement at this time. I wish to maintain the position established in our talks with Prime Minister Wilson -- namely, that the U. S. is not seeking to force its own views on any European nation, but wishes rather to find a way of responding effectively to the largest possible consen- sus among interested European allies. 2. At the same time I expect American negotiators to maintain the position that no agreement can be made with the U. K. that does not take account of the legitimate interests of Germany, and that similarly no agreement can be made with Germany that does not take account of the legitimate interests of other European states. The American negotiators should continue to encourage direct discussion among Europ- eans, and in particular they should urge the U. K. to seek agreement with Germany and vice versa. 3. I wish all American negotiators to avoid public or private quarrels with France, and to maintain in public and private the following position: We are interested in reducing our differences with France; we will never support any pro- posal for a nuclear force which is in fact directed against SECRET Approved. For Release 2003/09/02 : CIA-RDP80B01676R000100130028-9 Approved For ease 2003/09/02 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R 00100130028-9 %of Mr SECRET -2- France; we will not sign any agreement which does not con-, tain open doors for France; nor will we make any agreement until after French opinion and French desires have been carefully and responsibly explored. 4. Any agreement we support must be a reinforcement to our basic policy of non-dissemination of nuclear weapons. We warmly support the inclusion in any agreement of strong undertakings to this end. 5. Our position on the American veto and on the European clause is as follows: "The United States takes the position that any charter for an Atlantic Force must provide for United States' consent to the firing of the nuclear weapons. If, however, major nations of Europe some day achieve full political unity with a central political authority capable of making the decision to use nuclear weapons, the United States recognizes that this will create a new situation in which reconsideration of various provisions of the charter would be appropriate. In any event, revision of the charter would be possible only with the unanimous approval of the members. 6. Our present position on other issues is as stated on December 8 in the U.S. memorandum of comments (at- tached at A) on the U. K. proposal, omitting the names of specific countries in paragraph 9, and leaving that paragraph in abeyance for the time being. 7. In my judgment, the principal advantages of any agreement will be; (1) that it will lead the U. K. out of the field of strategic deterrence and thus reduce by one the number. of powers aiming at this kind of nuclear strength; (2) that it will greatly reduce the danger of any separate nuclear adventure by the Germans ; and (3) that it will advance the principle and practice of collective strategic defense, as against the prolifer- ation of separate nuclear deterrents. SECRET Approved For Release 2003/09/02 : CIA-RDP80B01676R000100130028-9 Approved For, a ease 2003/09/02 : CIA-RDP80B0167rR 00100130028-9 These three advantages are of great importance to the Ameri- can public and to all who care for world peace in other countries, and it is essential that they be established in any agreement. 8. The provisions of NSAM 318 (attached at B) will remain in effect (except for the action in paragraph 6 which has been completed). 9. Finally, I find nothing in the position of this gov- ernment or in the posture of the alliance whch makes it necessary, from the point of view of the U. S. alone, that there should be final agreement or even agreement in prin- ciple within the next three months. I may take a different view on this in the light of new evidence, but this is my clear present position, and I wish all actions by American officials to be in conformity with it. If other governments for their own reasons find it important to reach early agreement, they will make their own efforts to this end, and in that case I do not desire that we on our side should drag our feet. But I do not wish anyone at any level to give the impression that we are eager to act on a short timetable, or are attempt- ing in any way to force our own views upon Europe. SECRET Approved For Release 2003/09/02 : CIA-RDP80B01676R000100130028-9 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/09/02 : CIA-RDP80B01676R000100130028-9 Next 5 Page(s) In Document Exempt Approved For Release 2003/09/02 : CIA-RDP80B01676R000100130028-9 Approved For Release. 200 %9L - fly 76R000100 Executive RegiEtty 318- NATIONAL SECURITY ACTION MEM ANDUM NO. 3I8 N MEMORANDUM FOR OF STATE TI3E SECRETARY OF DEFENSE THE SECR Approved For Release. 20p3/094g2': CIA-RDP 'ect* The Future of the Nuclear Defense of the Atlantic Subs A],1iA e In the next months we face highly important negotiations 1? These decisions relate not only and decisions, on this subject. Paris, but to the to the MLF proposals now under discussion in Government' It is interests and concerns of the new British careful account of the also obvious that we shall have to interests and purposes of France. s it has been, to find the most effec- 2. Our own interest is, a the partnership of the Atlantic Corn five means of advancing other matters, and to do this in nuclear defense as in of nuclear weapons. without giving encouragement to the spread withou it is essential it is my 3. To carry out these purposes effectively, gly that this Government should be of ts'Government relating to desire that all of the activities nuclear defense of the Atlantic Alliance 8 Depar t and the coordinated t fully among the White House, th State the Defense Department. 4. More specifically, I desire that all officers of this of the Atl this matter should ant te have to dis cus s e H us e s the Sta who travel overseas written instructions cleared in White- Such instructions, ent and the Defense Department other offi wher cers of this Departemappropriate. should also be used by e . Government as guidanc S A M # 318 g ca t such discussion during this period of cr parallel arrangement will be instituted in the White House. It is critically important that this Government should speak with one voice on this subject in the future. 6. Finally, I request that detailed recommendations and pro- posals should be worked out for my consideration by the end of this month so that there' may be time for careful consideration and decision before'my meeting with Prime Minister Wilson on December 7 and 8.. Approved For Release 2003/09102 CIA-RDP80B01676R000100130028-9 Approved For Release 2003/09/02 : CIA-RDP80B016 it000100130028-9 SE CRET 5. I also desire that the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Defense should make an explicit designation of those officers who arc authorized to discuss these problems with the press, and that other officers should be instructed to refrain from otiation. A l ne i i Approved For Rase 2003/09/05 1 f P80B0l676O01 00130028-9 (CLASSIFICATION) + 44331 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY EXECUTIVE MEMORANDUM OFFICE OF THE DIRECTOR EXECUTIVE MEMORANDUM No. DATE 2. r a a r i 964 ROOM NO. Deputy Director (Plans) Deputy Director (Intelligence) Deputy Director (Science & Technology) x Rk bj bmmkrx LDK:drm Distribution: O&2 - Addressees - ER; 1-ExDir This memorandum contains information for the addressees. Ad- dressees may give this memorandum additional circulation within their components as required. All copies should be destroyed, not filed, upon completion of circulation. A master file will be kept in the Executive Director's Office and will be available upon request. ;} ki Approved For Release 200 Q9~ ~ ~ f IA-RDP80BO1676R00 - Excluded from ouromoic downgroding and (CLASSIFICATION) dmclonificoGon TICI mat is for your gubdancsm t)CI It DI I bare **n.