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December 12, 2016
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August 12, 2002
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March 16, 1960
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PDF icon CIA-RDP80B01676R002600130057-0.pdf246.2 KB
ADDRESS OFFICIAL COMMONlSTIq$'tbd For Release 2(f7 :]tA 01676R0026001300 THE SECRETARY OF STATE WASHINGTON 25, D. C. DEPARTMENT OF STATE WASHINGTON March 16, 1960 MEMORANDUM FOR: The Honorable Allen Dulles . Director Central Intelligence Agency FROM: John A. Calhoun Director Executive S ecretariat The following telegram is enclosed for your personal information: TOPOL 1809 to Paris, cy 14 SECRET Enclosure State Dept. review completed Approved For Release 2002/08/28 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R002600130057-0 OUTGOING TELL%RrA FPC*RWfftc0fD INDICATE: It COLLECT 0 CHARGE I. 59-M Origin EUR SS G SP C L H INR NEA I0 SAE RMR Drafted by, EUR:SOV:ADubs:ms SECHET Amembassy PARIS TOPOL PRIORITY RPTD INFO: Amembassy LONDON 6934 Amembassy BONN 1977 Amembassy ANKARA 2572 Amembassy ATHENS 2613 Amembassy BRUSSELS 1068 Amembassy COPENHAGEN 711 Amembassy LISBON 448 Amembassy LUXEMBOURG 176 LIMIT DISTRIBUTION USRO FOR ACTION EMBASSY AND ALL, OTHER ADDRESSEIaS. FYI ONLY 4 rNEVA FOR EATON ANN) WADSWORT I PARIS DELIVER BURGLSS.8.00 AM MARCH 16... 3/15/60 R00f6001~QY057 0 15 P;:9 1809 08157 Amembassy OSLO 845. Amembassy OTTAWA 550 Amembassy REYKJAVIK 241 Amembassy ROME 2822 Amembassy THE HAGUE 1256 Amembassy MOSCOW 1897 Ameon ul GENEVA 19 74 ,r " . - ar L~~Alt-ll You are authorized inform NAC orally in private session March 16 substance correopondence exchanged between Khrushchev and President. Department wishes stress presentation should be oral with no record and special precautions should be taken maintain secrecy since privileged Presidential communications involved. BEGIN FYI. Adenauer will be informed by President during Chancellor's visit. Similar summaries to that which follows are being con- veyed to UK French Canadian and Italian Embassies by Department. END FYI. In moderately toned and carefully phrased letter dated March 3 Khrushchev stated he decided write letter when he convinced 1:d=elf Telegraphic transmission and classification approved by: Richard H, Davis EUR - )An 1 0 1 l lK 09 1'' 25X 25X Clearances5QV - Mr. Service EUR .~ I it DM= GER - Mr. Hillenbrand (in draft) Y - Mr. McSweeney S/S - Mr. Calhoun RA - Mr. Fessenden (in draft) S/AE - Mr. Farley (in draft) REPRODUCTION FROM THIS CoPY IS PROHIBITED UNLESS "UNCLASSIFIED". Approved For Release 2002/08/28 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R002600130057-0 Approved For Release 2002/08/28 : CIA-RDP80B01676R002600130057-0 Page 2 of telegram to P RI j T Jt'0L PRIORITY President's statements at grass conferences February 3 and 17 and secretary's statement February 8 were interpreted as expression US intent to equip US non-nuclear allies particularly within framework NATO with nuclear weapons. Very important that none of nuclear powers (among which France v~mentioned) take any steps that could complicate solution problem of complete elimination nuclear weapons. Nuclear test negotiations and 10=nation disarmament talks directed toward this end. If US Allies either individually or within framework of NATO had nuclear weapons placed at their disposal. USSR would have every justification hand over these weapons to friendly countries in response their requests. Special concern expressed over nuclear sharing with FRG which might be tempted use weapons to fulfill QTE special mission UNQTE to which Chancellor recently referred. Widening circle of nuclear powers would create obstacles to disarmament and increase dangers nuclear war. Soviet policy to prevent .orld war and bring about prohibition and destruction nuclear weapons under effective control. In response March 12 President welcomed opportunity clarify US policy and remove misapprehensions US purpose. Following are main points President's letter: 1. Remarks about FRG reflect misunderstanding nature post-war German state. FRG desires peace and does not present aggressive threat to any country. 2. Khrushchev in error when inferring change had taken place or was in progress in US policy on transfer nuclear weapons or information on their design or manufacture. US policy to avoid widening qircle nuclear powers and this policy implemented in actions of US and reflected in basic laws especially Atomic Energy Approved For Release 2002/08/28 : CIA-RDP80B01676R002600130057-0 Approved For Release 2002/08/28 : CIA-RDP80B01676R002600130057-0 P.-kRIs TOPOL PRIORITY Act 1954 as amended. However we do not know whether or not USSR places nuclear weapons at disposal of members Warsaw Pact or other of its allies. 3. Must be recognized that states with major industrial capability can- not be expected to be satisfied indefinitely with situation in which nuclear weapons i..ncontrolled and they themselves do not have such weapons for their defense against forces which Khrushchev himself made clear on numerous occasions already of our possess most modern and destructive araaaments. To help meet this legitimate need/allies NATO atomic stockpile system established. Under this system custody atomic warheads remains in U.S. alone as provided by law and they can be used only in defense against aggression. Circle nuclear powers not widened thereby. 4. 'chile it generally agreed technical means not now available for assuring elimination past and present stocks nuclear weapons surest method of dealing with proliferation problem is to make progress toward effective disarmament agreements under verifiable conditions. Specifically efforts should be :made (a) to reach agreement at Geneva on discontinuance those nuclear tests which can now be effective- ly controlled (b) to adopt safeguards procedures under aegis International Atomic Energy Agency to ensure that future expansion of nuclear power production does not itself become source for fissionable material for production nuclear weapons and (c) to agree in the disarmament negotiations beginning March 15 to proposal which US has urged repeatedly since 1956 i.e. cessation production of fissionable material for nuclear weapons purposes as soon as effective inspection measures are agreed and operating and simultaneously therewith to begin transfer of fissionable materials Approved For Release 2002/08/28 : CIA-RDP80B01676R002600130057-0 Approved For Release 2002/08/28 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R002600130057-0 Page 4 of telegram to i'siRI T Or OL PRIORITY materials from weapons stocks to peacefal purposes. Since there little prospect achieving much in field of disarmament at summit unless some solid progress already achieved in Geneva negotiations, President expressed hope Khrushchev would instruct Soviet representatives as we have ours make every effort eliminate differences to point where there will be something; concrete to deal with at Paris in May, SECRET Approved For Release 2002/08/28 : CIA-RDP80BO1676R002600130057-0