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December 19, 2016
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September 27, 2005
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July 16, 1969
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Approved Release 1_ 3 : CI 16 July 1969 MEMORANDUM FOR THE RECORD Morning Meeting of 16 July 1969 DD/I noted tha response to a 14 July request from Dr. Kissinger, Ihas prepared a memorandum commenting on Gromyko's speech before the Supreme Soviet. DD/I provided the Director with a copy, and the ADD/P requested same. D/ONE asked to get on the Director's calendar this afternoon for the purpose of a pre-USIB briefing. The Director indicated his availa- bility provided D/ONE can get a clear fix on Admiral Lowrance's problems with the agenda. Maury touched lightly on the confusion created by the visit to Taipei of Walter Pincus and Roland Paul of the staff of the Symington Subcommittee of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Bross reported that he will be having lunch with Robert Froehlke on Friday to discuss his proposals of 11 July establishing responsibility at the Assistant Secretary level/DOD for review of the total DOD intel- ligence program. DD/S&T pointed to his meeting with Gardiner Tucker yesterday on SS-9 targeting and reported that he signed a statement to the effect that the Agency does not disagree with DDR&E's one-year study of this matter. He added that the study will probably be provided to Dr. Kis singer. Approved For aW1/23 : *The Director read from Employee Bulletin No. 210 dated 23 June 1969 on "Change in Maryland State Income Tax Law. " He pointed to his difficulty in understanding its content and asked the DD/S to do what he can to clarify the content of future Employee Bulletins. *Extracted and sent to action officer Approved For Rjape _ intelligence Defector frora~ ~'astr'?network 'Havana to Moscow: By a staff correspondent of According to Mr. Castro Hidalgo, this line. I The Christian Science Monitor growing Soviet influence in Cuba was the r1969 The Christian Science Publishing Society All rights reserved Betrayal seen Washington In his own way, Mr. Castro Hidalgo sees A Cuban intelligence officer, who defected to the this increasing Soviet influence, brought on United States earlier this year, says that Premier Fidel by Premier Castro, as a betrayal of the Castro signed an accord with the Soviet Union in 1968 Cuban revolution and the goals for which which commits him to a pro-Moscow line. he personally fought, both in the Sierra The assertion. it is felt, would explain the noticeable 1 Maestra and afterward. pro-Moscow line being followed by Cuba-a trend which Mr. Castro Hidalgo, in his; testimony, says that his immediate superior in the Paris !?~ began at the time of the Soviet invasion of Czechoslo- Embassy, Armando Lopez Orta, returned vakia last August. from Havana last January with word of the According to the defector. Orlando Castro Hidalgo, I Cuban-Soviet treaty and this pronounce- Cuban-Soviet agreement requires the Cuban leader meat: the i to mute his criticism of the Soviet Union and of Mos. "Somos mss soviet.icos" '(We are more cow-oriented Communist parties in Latin America. Sovietized). { In return, the Soviet Union agreed not to diminish its economic support of Premier Castro's government, According to Mr. Castro Hidalgo's version and also to provide some 5.000 technicians to work in a of the accord, which has remained secret variety of fields to support Cuba's lagging economy. until now, the Soviet Union for its part These disclosures are part of the testimony being agreed to keep up the level of economic given by Mr. Castro Hidalgo, who is no relation to the assistance which has been flowing to Cuba Cuban Premier. It was learned from informed sources in the past several years. That aid is com- that he left his post as protocol officer of the Cuban pitted in official circles here at something in Embassy in Paris late in March of this year and the neighborhood of $350 million .yearly. sought asylum for himself and his family at the United Tecbnieiane provided States Embassy in Luxembourg. Since then, Mr. Castro Hidalgo has been undergoing The Soviet Union, it is understood, also extensive questioning together with explaining an at- agreed to increase badly needed petroleum tache case full of documents he carried with him when shipments to Cuba, to purchase more of he arrived in Luxembourg. Cuba's production of nickel ore, and to send Mr. Castro Hidalgo now is in the United States under some 5,000 Soviet technicians to advise the protective custody. Castro government in the fields of science The Christian Science Monitor learned of Mr. Castro and technology. Hidalgo's presence in the United States, and as far as These technicians, Mr. Castro Hidalgo is known this is the first mention of his defection and says, are to be used in providing support in his disclosures to United States officials. agriculture, mining, atomic energy, fishing, , It is understood that the Cuban Government has and military fields. ' asked the French Government for assistance in return- However, some Soviet assistance in the ing both Mr. Castro Hidalgo and the documents he : DGI is part of the agreement. brought 'with him when he defected. But Cuban sources To informed sources here, this aspect of would make no comment on this subject nor admit that the secret agreement is particularly aspect signifl. Mr. Castro Hidalgo had defected when asked for com- ? cant in that the DGI is understood to have meat. taken on many of the diplomatic activities Informed sources here say that Mr. Castro Hidalgo formerly handled by foreign service officers. has been a veritable gold mine of information on de- ` In light of the general reduction of Soviet velnpments in Cuba. Although he was not a i major official in the Cuban Government, he intelligence operations in France and else- W t E i h i Approver Release f ~1 J 63S~ 4A urope n recent years, ere n es ern nppnrently had considerable access to docu? w ments and other intelligence materials as a ! the presence of a Soviet-oriented Cuban in- part of the Cuban intelligence service in telligence system is regarded by informed Europe. sources here as important. That service. according to Mr. Castro Claim confirmed Hidalgo's testimony, is put at the disposal of the Soviet Union under terms of the 1968 Mr. Castro Hidalgo claims to have been i agreement. Known as General Directorate part of that. system and the documents he i of Intelligence (or DGI after its Spanish brought out confirm this claim. initials), the service has been extending .` ! But the documents are of even greater im- i_its operations. In_,Europe_recentlv._ portance - although they do not contain the text of the Soviet-Cuban agreement. Approved For Release 2005/11/23': CIA=RDP80R0t28-4A00180&110081?--- `Cuba more ovietized' continue(, + Approved#W Release 2005/11/23: CIA-RDP80R-4A001800110081-7 I Moreover taken together wili'!?his testi- his schooling has been som t sparse. mony and known facts about situations in lie 1Mt In the middle of secondary school Latin America, Europe, and elsewhere, the and since then has been largely self-taught. United States has learned a great deal about 1 Ile talks slowly, measuring his words eare- of self?confldence and i d r has an a Cuba and its activities through Mr. Castro fully, an histication . Hidalgo's defection. sop The defector was a DGI operative in i Srlreted for training Paris. He states that he helped organize and operate a clandestine apparatus in the Selected for intelligence training by the French capital aimed at providing Latin- Castro government in 1965, Mr. Castro American revolutionaires and guerrilla Hidalgo got a grounding In both intelligence leaders with money, false passports, and theory and tactics and guerrilla warfare hideouts during their travels to and from practice. Ike also ? was given training in language prior to being sent to France In Cuba. According to Mr. Castro Hidalgo, the March, 1967. Paris center for the DGI conducts operations His wife, Norma, had originally been on into South America, while the Cuban Em- a list of those Cubans desirous of emigrating bassy in Mexico City coordinates operations to the United States tinder the provisions of in Central America and the Caribbean. a Cuban-United States accord-but took her As far as guerrilla activities in Latin ? name off the list when she married. America are concerned, Mr. Castro Hidalgo It is understood that' the fact that her says that the secret Cuba-Soviet accord name had been on the list was discovered d H makes no specific mention of their role - presumably leaving Premier Castro free to operate much as before in the question of armed insurrection throughout Latin Amer. ica. Conflicts apparent There are apparent conflicts between thei Soviet Union and Premier Castro over this question, but Mr. Castro Hidalgo says that Havana's support for the "export of revolu-? tion" to Latin America is not diminished by the accord. However, the DGI is reported to have told! its people that there must be a more meticu- lous screening of Latin Americans before they are put into the pipeline for guerrilla' training in Cuba. It is also understood, ac ment. Implicit in the Castro Hidalgo testimony is! awareness on the part of Cuban officials that the guerrilla effort led by Ernesto Che; Guevara made a number of errors. It is understood that Mr. Castro Hidalgo's disclosures of Cuban plans and the names; of agents and others working for Havana throughout the world has been an important: development in United States intelligence activities. The presence of Mr. Castro Hidalgo and his family-a wife and two small boys- was confirmed by the Department of State, tary leaders to aid Latin-American revolu- tionary groups until these groups have, reached a significantly high state of develop?~ cording to Mr. Castro Hidalgo's testimony,j that Cuba has decided not to send out mili- although it would give no further details. Mr. Castro Hidalgo is a 31-year-old Cuban.' born in Puerto Padre, in Oriente Province in the eastern part of the island. His mother and five younger brothers and a sister still avana an by Cuban intelligence people in that an investigation of tho situation was under way at. the time the family defected to the United States Embassy in Luxem- bourg. Sources here say that she played Hidalgo had his own reasons for detecting. Other disclosures Among other disclosures made by Mr. Castro Hidalgo arethese: ? Col. Francisco Canmario Den$, the leader of the 1965 Dominion revolution, is now in Cuba and that he arrived there short- ly after Mr. Guevara's death at the hands of the Bolivian Army In October, 1067. At first Cuban officials thought they would use the Dominican officer as a replacement for Mr. Guevara, but since that time there has been no evidence that they have done so. ? Guyanan Prof. Dr. Walter Rodney, whose presence In Jamaica last year caused a furore, was helped by Cuban Intelligence forces in Paris to travel, to Cuba by way of both Paris and Prague. ? Prensa Latina, the Cuban news service now regarded as being run by DGI ele- ments, was involved In a plan to infiltrate pro-Cuban agents into the ruling military junta of Gen. Juan Velasco Alvarado in Peru. ? The names of Cuban Intelligence agents in Chile-together with the concern on the part of Premier Castro and his associates that Eduardo Frei Montalva, Chile's re- formist president, was usurping Premier Castro's place and influence in Latin America. live on the island. He_joined Premier Castro's 26th of July " Movement in March, 1957, fighting mainly thins and against the Invaders at the Bay in the Sierra Maestro. After Premier Castro came to power, Mr. Castro Hidalgo stayed with the Army and served In campaigns against guerrillas In the Escamhray Moun- Approved. For Release 2005/11/23 : CIA-RDP80ROl284AO0180011008.1-7