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Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Document Creation Date: 
December 9, 2016
Document Release Date: 
October 1, 1998
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Publication Date: 
February 17, 1954
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PDF icon CIA-RDP80R01443R000200150002-3.pdf144.19 KB
Approved- For Release 2000/0 1-0 443R000200150002-3 NSC BRIEFING 17 February 1954 COMMUNISM IN LATIN AMERICA 1. Topic will rece-ive some attention at 10th Inter-American Conference - Caracas - 1 March. II. Increased Communist interest in Latin America over past two years. A. Activity of Soviet and Satellite missions. 1. Credentials presented in eight countries, in addition to five existing missions in Argentina, Uruguay, Brazil, Ecuador, and Mexico. 2. Trade pact between Argentina and USSR may stimulate others. Increase in Latin American travel behind Iron Curtain - Communist subsidized. Approved For Release 2000/08/30 : CIA-RDP80RO1443R000200150002-3 Approved.For Release 2000/08 R000200150002-3 1. 900 Latin Americans last six months 1953. 2. Greatly increased Latin Bucharest, August 600. organization conferences in 1953 with travel in Orbit countries. C. Communist leaders trained or visit- ing in Moscow or Orbit in 1953. 1. Secretaries General four parties sand one other top party official. 2. Other Communist present or potential leaders also in Orbit. American representation at international Communist meet- ings WFTU, in Vienna, October 160. World Youthstival, - 2 - Approved For Release 2000/08/30 : CIA-RDP80R01443R000200150002-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/30 : 000200150002-3 3. European Communist leaders have in return visited Communist or front conferences in Latin America. 4. Communist training schools and programs reactivated or begun. 'III. Communist influence varies - negligible only in Dominican Republic or Haiti. A. Guatemala.Influence Arbenz, control labor, dominate agrarian reform. 1. Increased voting strength in January 1953 and December 1953 elections. 2. Party strength up from 500 to 3,000 in 1953. 3. Opposition divided. Approved For Release 2000/08/30 : CIA-RDP80RO1443R000200150002-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/30 : CIA- I B. Brazil. 1. Party recruitment broadened under "united national front." a. Membership up from 65,000 to 110,000 in 1953. 2. Strength growing in organized labor. a. Labor minister using Communists to build own machine. C. Chile. 1. Increasing strength in organized labor from rising inflation. 2. Communist influence energetic in nitrate fields, coal mines, copper workers' federation. 3. Influence in workingmen's newspapers. - 4 - Approved For Release 2000/08/30 : CIA-RDP80RO1443R000200150002-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/30 : rjAjmPRnpj 000200150002-3 IV. At Caracas. A. US resolutions want controls on Communist propaganda and inter- national travel. 1. Most Latin American governments do not see Communism as threat connected with Soviet Union. B. Most Latin American governments will vote for resolution condemning Com- munism. 1. Little interest. 2. Greater interest in economic problems and colonialism. 3. Fear giving impression of inter- vening in Guatemalan affairs. a. Sensitive because of Guatemalan charges (29 Jan- uary) implying US would approve armed attack by Latin Ameri- can governments on Arbenz regime. Approved For Release 2000/08/30: CIA-RDP80R01~43'R0002001.,5AS6Z3- Approved For Releasg~Af('1~2~P~0'320d(~'2~~612~~53~ Argentine Exports to USSR Wool Hides Quebracho extract Linseed oil Canned meat Pork Mutton Lard Cheese Soviet Exports to Argentina Crude Petroleum Coal Petroleum by-products Steel and sheet iron Oil derricks Asbestos Dye products Precision machinery Steel rails Special steels for RR Construction Equipment for: Oil wells Cotton mills Railways Power stations 20, 000 tons 18, 000 15, 000 75, 000 5, 000 3, 000 5, 000 1,500 3, 900 500, 000 tons 300, 000 tons 500, 000 98,000 tons 40, 000 tons 8, 000 tons $ 1,000, 000 $ 500,000 60, 000 tons $ 3, 500, 000 $30,000,000 Agricultural machines Tractors Approved For Release 2000/08/30 : CIA-RDP80RO1443R000200150002-3 Approved For Release 2000/08/30 : CIA-RDP80R01443R000200150002-32) Further negotiations for additional trade under- way in Moscow now. Argentine trade mission there. - Petroleum by-products, ($500, 000) known to include 7, 700 tons avgas, first known Soviet export of avgas outside the Orbit. Believed 95-octane, Price of $76. 20/ton compares with U. S. price at New Orleans of $71. 80 per long ton (2280 lbs. ) Approved For R4Iease 2000/08/30: CIA-RDP80R 002-3