Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 14, 2016
Document Release Date: 
July 16, 2003
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
July 22, 1954
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP80R01443R000200370003-8.pdf99.1 KB
25X1 Approved Igor Release 2003/08/26 : CIA-RDP80R0144$R000200370003-8 NSC BRIEFING 22 July 1954 1. Copper is metal most actively sought in Soviet clandestine trade. A. Shipment copper to Bloc embargoed by COCOM 1951. B. Clandestine efforts reached peak 1951-52, when world demand highest (following Korea). C. Efforts still at high level: increasing Bloc interest wire, electrolytic copper. Soviet now attempting purchase in larger lots. NSA review completed 25X1 Approved For Release 2003/08/26 : CIA-RDP80R0140 Approved For Release 2003/08/26 : CIA-RDP80RO1443R00020037QO03-8 II. Copper essential to modern economy, modern war. (Used in ammunition, vehicles, artillery, aircraft, naval vessels, communications and fire-control equipment, etc.) A. Bloc in 1953 produced 13% of world copper; consumes 1&%. Gap requires imports. B. Example, Bloc requirement 1953 670,000 m.t. Approved F Approved Flor Release 2003/08/26 : CIA-RDP80RO14413R000200370003-8 1. Bloc production - 422,000 2. Imports - 100,000 25X1 3. Total - 522,000 4. Thus, deficit 148,000 m.t., despite imports. C. Bloc 1953_use of copper: 1. Munitions, military equipment - 20% 2. Direct support of military - 17% 3. Stockpile - 10% 4. This roughly half total available (say 250,000 m.t.). III. Bloc copper production now hampered by need advanced technology, lack natural resources. A. In USSR, rich Ural ores being exhausted, new production in Kazakhstan and Central Asia slow. 25X1 Approved Fpr Release 2003/08/26: CIA-RDP80R01# `A 25X1 A rnxr elease 2003/08/26 ? CIA-RDP80R01443 000200370003-8 metallurgical problems. 2. Kazakhstan has water shortage, of y~ Central Asia ores present harsh weather. B. However, gap narrowing. (thousands m.t.) : Example 1953 1954 1955 C (Re quire) 670 700 780 (Pr oduce) 422 480 600 Def icit: 248 220 180 25X1 IV. Most free world controlling Bloc pur- chases. However, problem complicated by multiple trade transactions, lack controls in "free ports." Approved Fo Approved Fc 000200370003-8 C. Same US analysis shows Bloc tried get 192,000 tons more, maybe got half. Other half stopped or disrupted by COCOM. D. Control problem aggravated by slump in copper since early 1953, accu- mulation large unsold stocks. 1. Chile situation especially bad, by March 1954 total 175,000 tons unsold. 2. US then purchased 100,000 tons from Chile. 25X1 Approved l or Release 2003/08/26 : CIA-RDP80RO11443R000200370003-8 Approve For Release 2003/08/26 : CIA-RDP80R01 43R000200370003-8 S "0 QAZ E. At present, little copper on world market (Chile even has unfilled orders). Fact should eliminate pressure for sales to Bloc. Approve4l For Release 2003/08/26 : CIA-RDP80FRO 1443 R000200370003-8