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iiNCLASS3FIF,D p ro Wiese 200 21:'CI -R P80R01-UQR000900040015-9 OFF1 :1A L RO TE\G S TO NAME AND ADDRESS DATE INITIALS A The Director 2 SUBJECT: Tad Szulc Str kes gain 3 4 - L6- ACTION DIRECT REPLY PREPARE REPLY APPROVAL DISPATCH RECOMMENDATION COMMENT FILE RETURN CONCURRENCE INFORMATION SIGNATURE Ier arks: Attached is the article by Tad Szulc which I mentioned at the 24 September morni meeting, entitled "How Kissinger Runs Our 'Other Government'." It appears in the 30 September issue of New York (not to be confused with The New Yorker). As you will see, Szulc discusses in some detail the 40 Committee and activities or organization related thereto. This discussion touches o some matters I have not seen in public prin though its level of accuracy is no higher than that of many other articles b this i'~hor. . FOLD HERE TO RETURN TO SENDER FROM: NAME. ADDRESS AND PHONE NO. DATE George A. Carver, Jr. D/DCI/NIO 9/24 Ui'~CL.ASSLFL&:D CONE IDE:NTIA i SE:CI ET g 51 FORM NQ. 237 Use previous editions 1-67 GACarver,~Jr.ks" Distribution: YOItiginals (same buckslips D/DCI/IC w/att DDO DDI DDSF1T DCI w/att DDCI -1-GAC Chrono w/att 1-RI w/o att Approved For Release ,2,OD /,g, : DP80RO1720R000900040015-9 Approved For Release 2004/12/22: CIA-RDP80R01UAR000900040015-9 OW Kissinger Runs uGovernment' By Tad Szulc been vested. in any man, except the president, in our history A shadowy group of five powerful ever clone before; actually, no senior officials silently directing America's official had ever publicly mentioned the clandestine foreign policy from the committee. basement Situation Room in the White Ford, in fact, institutionalized the House in Washington-the so-called concept of covert intelligence action "40 Committee" of the National Secur- (it was not even done during the cold ity Council-is the nearest thing we war) when he commented that "Our have in this country to a secret super- government, like other governments, government body. does take certain actions in the intelli- Headed by Henry A. Kissinger, this gence field to hell) implement foreign committee is not always accountable policy and protect national security ... even to the president of the United I am informed reliably that Communist States. although it has access to virtual- nations spend vastly more money than ly unlimited unvoucliered government we do for the same kind of purposes." funds and holds the power to order far- Action against Allende between ranging covert intelligence and para- 1970 and 1973 was one of Kissinger's military operations around the world. high-priority projects. He personally as- And during the Nixon Watergate era, sumed control of the C.I.A.'s covert it may have had links with secret do- moves, through the 40 Committee, and mestic intelligence units, possibly in- of a parallel economic and financial eluding even the "Plumbers." blockade, working through an interde- Deriving its name from National partmental task force. Security Council Intelligence Decision To Kissinger, it appears, Chile was Memorandum No. 40, which set it up in a "laboratory" test case to determine its present form i;1 1969, the five-rnan whether a regime he opposed could be 40 Committee is the current incarna- "destabilized" or dislodged without the tion of similar top-secret White House use of military force that the United groups that since 1947 have authorized States had chosen to apply elsewhere dozens of major covert intelligence un- in the past. Specifically, Chile was a dertakings from Asia to Latin America test of whether a democratically elec- and from Africa to Europe. ted leftist regime, -as was Allende's, The most recent known large-scale could be toppled through the creation operation conducted by the 40 Com- of internal chaos by outside forces. mittee was the assignment given the Recent revelations of Kissinger's al- Central Intelligence Agency, at the leged role in the Chilean affair-he has cost of SS million, to help orchestrate, denied any American involvement, al- from inside, the fall a year ago of the though the C.I.A., in effect, has con- s " 1' esi- firmed it-have set off the latest con r in Rome, Graham Martin, reportedly asked the Nixon administration for se- cret funds to bolster the Christian Dem- ocrats in Italy-just as the United States had done in the crucial 1948 elections. The 40 Committee reportedly also has on its agenda the situations in Por- tugal and Greece-where rightist re- gimes collapsed earlier this year and leftist influences are feared by the U.S. -as well as dangers facing the white governments in southern Africa in view of Mozambique's impending independ- ence. The C.I.A. 'has a working alliance with South African and Rhodesian in- telligence, services against leftist black "liberation" movements. Contingency planning to assure United States access to oil reserves in the Middle East and elsewhere is like- wise said to be on the agenda. In fact, the C.I.A., working tinder a National Se- curity Council mandate, did overthrow the Iranian government in 1953 after it nationalized foreign oil holdings. Past activities by the 40 Committee and its predecessors have ranged from engineering the overthrow of foreign regimes disliked by Washington to the creation of secret armies and counter- insurgency units for the protection of governments enjoying our official fa- vor. They have included political sub- version, the subornation of statesmen, politicians, labor leaders, and others abroad, "black" propaganda, and the oversight of "spy-in-the-sky" espionage over the Soviet Union, China, and regime of Cane s late octa ' p dent, Salvador Allende Gossens, while troversy swirling around the secretary scores of other countries. other branches of the United States of state, and have raised again ques- Overhead intelligence is the only form government applied a variety of simul- bons about his credibility and future of actual espionage in the purview of the 40 Committee. The C.I.A., other tan:ous pressures from the outside. intentions. This increasingly controversial enter- There are reasons to suspect, for ex- intelligence agencies, and separate prise was stunningly confirmed by Pres- ample, that the 40 Committee is study- White House committees (also chaired ident Ford at his news conference ing plans for possible covert American by Kissinger) are concerned with the last Monday. His justificption was both intervention in the confused political collection of normal intelligence. startling in philosophy and sparse on process in Italy, where the Communist The 40 Committee must approve, the facts. as he sought to give public party may soon share power in a coahi- every month,overhead intelligence pro- legitimacv tq tic 40 Committee. Lion government. Actually, more than a grams--from the regular launching of This was something no president had year ago the former U.S. ambassador photo-satellites to secret flights by the No such overt and covert power in. foreign policy has ever Approved For Release 2004/12/22 : CIA-RDP80R01720R000900040015E9''?Rr 59 Approved Fo ,Release 4~1 ~~ CIA-RnP80R01720 nnnann040015_9 _ _ . To Kissinger, Chile was a test case to determine whether a regime he opposed could be dislodged without military force..." 46? SR-71 spy planes-because of the risk of serious international complications. The U-2 incident over the Soviet Union in 1960 has not been forgotten. The monthly plans are submitted to the 40 Committee by a C.I.A. commit- tee so secret that its existence and its name--Comrex-have never before, to my knovJc(lge, been publicly discussed. The National Reconnaissance Office, another top-secret organization under the 40 Committee's overall control, is responsible for the actual launching of overhead intelligence vehicles. For nearly six years, the 40 Com- mittee has been run by Kissinger, act- ing as chairman in his capacity of spe- cial assistant to the president for na- General George S. Brown, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Deputy Secretary Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff General George S. Brown, Deputy Sec- retary of Defense William P. Clements, and Under Secretary of State for Poli- tical Affairs Joseph J. Sisco. Member- ship on the committee is not personal: it goes with these four jobs. Because of successive changes in the other depart- ments, Kissinger is the only man to have remained continuously on the committee for the whole period. The possibility that the 40 Commit- tee may have had connections with secret domestic intelligence stems from the fact that former Attorney General John N. Mitchell began attending meet- ings in 1970. Given the secrecy cover- ing the 40 Committee, the White House Intelligence Decision Memo- present form in 1969, Approved For Release 2004/12/22 : CIA-RDP80RO172OR000900040015-9 tional security affairs. It is not rele- vant in this context that he has also held for a year the post of secretary of state. His power in the field of clandes- tine foreign policy has been unchal- lenged since Nixon took office in 1969. It remains so under Ford. Kissinger has been for years the de f cto boss of the United States intelli- gence community, greatly cutting clown the influence of the C.I.A. in decision- making. No such concentration of pow- er in foreign policy has ever been vested in any man, except the president, in modern American history. Presently associated with Kissinger on the 40 Committee are Director of Central Intelligence William E. Colby, Approved For Release 2004/12/22: CIA-RDPUBC~R~ R ~ Opt~~n$h it ] d lomats nr ec r -rover announced Mitchell's presence; it became known from congressional xestimony. No other attorney general srad ever 'before served on the 40 Com- -rnittee or on any of its forerunners. Richard Helms, the former C.I.A. ]-lead, also testified that he thought. but was not certain, that former White Ilouse Director of the Domestic Coun- cil John Ehrlichman and White House Chief of Staff H. R. Haldeman may have come to one or two 40 Commit- tee sessions. He said that they attended either meeti'-:s of the 40 Committee or of the