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December 20, 2016
Document Release Date: 
May 16, 2007
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February 16, 1950
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PDF icon CIA-RDP80R01731R001100090019-5.pdf331.1 KB
Approved For Release 29O? /1 T, Fe k 80RO1731 R00110g~1, OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE WASHINGTON 25, D. C. M ".1 SUBJECT: Guidance on Psychological Warfare and Coverts: Operations for Joint Chiefs of Staff cft- ;_ The Problem - To furnish the Joint Chiefs of Staff with basic policies and decisions bearing on foreign information, psycho- logical warfare and covert operations upon which to base guidance in these matters for the United States Military Representatives to the Standing Group, North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Discussion - In a memorandum to the Secretary of Defense of 16 February 1950, "Guidance on Psychological Warfare Matters,'Ithe Joint Chiefs of Staff state: "The strategic concept for the defense of the North Atlantic Area, as approved by the Atlantic Defense Committee on 1 December 1949, provides that as a prerequisite to the military implementation of common plans, measures must be undertaken in advance for 'cooperation, insofar as is prac- ticable, in preparing for the conduct of psychological and other special operations.' "In a memorandum for the Joint Chiefs of Staff, dated. 15 November 1949, the U. S. Military Representative to the Standing Group (SG), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), requested immediate guidance on psychological war- fare matters. This request for guidance is the result of a proposal from the French Representative that this problem be considered by the Standing Group. The French proposal suggests that the question of guidance for the planning in this delicate field should initially be restricted to the French, British, and American. No British position on this matter is indicated in the memorandum by the U. S. Military Representative, Standing Group, for the Joint Chiefs of Staff. The U. S. Military Representative indicated, in his memorandum, that his use of the term 'psychological warfare' was intended to include not only informational activities but also special operations both in peace and war, such as underground operations and the employment of agents in enemy territory. O SD REVIEW COMMETEcDat Chiefs of Staff, recognizing that important . peacetime responsibilities for psychological warfare and covert operations lie outside the Department of Defense, are of the opinion that they should have statements of policy on these matters prior to furnishing their guidance to the U. S. Military Representative." Approved For Release 2007/ 017318001100090019-5 Approved For Release 2007/05Lt7:; l RAP OR017318001100090019-5 A copy of a memorandum which was furnished by the French Delegation to the Standing Group and which somewhat clarifies the French suggestions is attached as Tab "A". The memorandum differentiates between the political aspects of "psychological warfare," which is a responsibility of the respective governments, and military aspects, the provision for which is a responsibility of the Standing Group. The responsibilities for the conduct of foreign information and planning for psychological warfare in all periods from peace to war, through emergencies or the initial stages of war, are clearly covered for all participating departments or agencies in NSC-59. The responsibilities of the Central Intelligence Agency for covert operations and the functions of cooperating agencies are covered in NSC-10/2. It is recognized that in the circumstances the Joint Chiefs of Staff are not in position to give guidance to the United States Representative to the Standing Group without having as a basis for their instructions the agreed views and position of the Secretaries of State and Defense with the advice of the Director, Central Intelligence Agency. '80R01731R001100090019-5 Approved For Release 2007/05/17: CIA-RDP80R01731 R001100090019-5 Conclusion - That a paper should be prepared by the Consultants, in collaboration with representatives of Central Intelligence Agency, for the consideration of the Secretaries of Defense and State to serve as a basis for the Joint Chiefs of Staff in giving guidance to the United States Representative to the Standing Group, North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Recommendation - That the following draft be adopted: Approved For Release 2007/05/17: CIA-RDP8ORO1731 R001 100090019-5 T SECT' A P P E N D I X FINCH DELEGATION TO THE STANDING GRAQP NOMMG TEIJI TI1 ION xZKORANM I. As a follow-yap to the ideas which were propounded at the meeting of 2 November, it would appear useful to clarify the following points: IX. "Psychological Warfare", actually known as the "cold warty is nothing also but a new strategic form of warfare itself. It is made full use of, and improved upon daily by the USSR. It is capable of producing important results (example Csechoslovakia). III. The action to be taken against this form of warfare is essentially within the province of governments. IT, Hint the cold war also has its direct projection into alas- sisal warfare, by the way in which its fifth columns and agents of all sorts create disorganization in the rear of Armies. The importance of such actions, if well organized, may be considerw able. V. In view of the disproportion existing between the defensive means of the Pact Nations, and the forces of their eventual aggressor, we are in duty bound not to neglect this aspect of the problem. We have there a method of combating the enemy with his own weapons, and capable of partly reestablishing the balance of forces. VI. It is, however, not possible to improvise such an action. It must be minutely organized long in advance and in complete secrecy. It Is a Government problem. The Government asst set the policy to be followed and the objectives to be attained. SEC Appendix JOS 1735/35 AnnrnvPdl For Release 00 Approved For Release 2007/05/17: CIA-RDP80R01731 R001100090019-5 But this problem also has military aspects: studies of Zones favorable to the employment of such action, study of the organization to be set up; procurement, screening, instruction and delivery of the personnel, etc. VII. It is probable that certain countries have already initiated a draft of action to be taken in this field. On the other hand it is certain that this subject is far too delicate to be talon into account by Committees on which the twelve Powers are represented. It would be useful, however, to insist on the necessity of not losing sight of this type of problem, as well as to organize, as far as possible, a certain convergence of efforts, which would considerably increase their efficiency. VIII. If all the Members of the Permanent Team are agreed on this manner of presenting the problem, then the solution remains to be fond. The *Strategic Directives to the Regional Groups', which are in the making, can and should insist on the importance of this type of question. It would not appear possible to do more. The setting up of convergence of efforts is a difficult problem, possibly without solution, But, a chance, however small, of doing something which could produce results, should not be a1" lowsd to escape. For this reason, it is suggested that the Members of the Permanent Team bring thought to bear on this problem, and at. tempt to solve it. Tf- SECB T JCS 1735/35 Appendix Approved For Release 2007/05/17: CIA-RDP80RO1731 R001100090019-5 paper handed to him by OSD. Mr. Wisner has a copy - so do the appropriate people in State. This subject is to be considered at the next Tuesday meeting at State. The points to be discussed are: Who is to do what portion of the paper, .1 Mar 50 TOP SECRET SIGNATURE RECORD AND COVER SHEET DOCUMENT DESCRIPTION 25X1 REGISTRY SOURCE: OSD I CIA CONTROL NUMBER: 34232 DATE OF DOCUMENT: February 1950 DATE DOCUMENT RECEIVED: 1 March 1950 COPY NUMBER (S): Orig LOGGED BY: 25)1 NUMBER OF PAGES: 3 DOCUMENT NO. - Memo NUMBER OF ATTACHMENTS: 1 APPENNDIX--2 s ATTENTION: THIS FORM WILL BE ATTACHED TO EACH TOP SECRET DOCUMENT RECEIVED BY THE CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY OR CLASSIFIED TOP SECRET WITHIN THE CIA AND WILL REMAIN ATTACHED TO THE DOCUMENT UNTIL SUCH TIME AS IT IS DOWNGRADED, DESTROYED OR TRANSMITTED OUTSIDE OF CIA. ACCESS TO TOP SECRET MATERIAL IS LIMITED TO THOSE INDIVIDUALS WHOSE OFFICIAL DUTIES RELATE TO THE MATERIAL. EACH ALTERNATE OR ASSISTANT TOP SECRET CONTROL OFFICER WHO RECEIVES AND/OR RELEASES THE ATTACHED TOP SECRET MATERIAL WILL SIGN THIS FORM AND INDI- CATE PERIOD OF CUSTODY IN THE LEFT-HAND COLUMNS PROVIDED. THE NAME OF EACH INDIVIDUAL WHO HAS SEEN THE TOP SECRET DOCUMENT AND THE DATE OF HANDLING SHOULD BE INDICATED IN THE RIGHT-HAND COLUMNS. 25X1 REFERRED TO 25X1 RECEIVED RELEASED SEEN BY OFFICE SIGNATURE DATE TIME DATE TIME NAME & OFFICE SYMBOL DATE 3 DIRECTOR 1950 1615 2'~ 3z~xsl a - L gn r. HIST '^)1T NO ct Mti = E IN C Destroy Pdt(1 _ . cnse nt r CLASS, L", Staff NE~:T REVBE.W Ii'. Ts: T 1 . APR EYIE EE Du,- DATEI NOTICE OF DETACHMENT WHEN THIS FORM IS DETACHED FROM TOP SECRET MATERIAL IT WILL BE COMPLETED IN THE APPROPRI ATE SPACES BELOW AND TRANSMITTED TO CENTRAL TOP SECRET CONTROL FOR RECORD. The Top Secret material detached from this form was: DOWNGRADED BY: (SIGNATURE) DESTROYED DISPATCHED (OUTS-IDE CIA) TO: (OFFICE) (DATE) TOP SECRET Approved For Release 2007/05/17: CIA-RDP80RO1731 R001100090019-5