Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Document Creation Date: 
December 22, 2016
Document Release Date: 
August 21, 2012
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Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
February 24, 1955
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PDF icon CIA-RDP80S01540R006400090011-6.pdf172.59 KB
Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/08/21 :CIA-RDP80S01540R006400090011-6 i i ou~~l -HUM ? ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ . CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY This material contains information affecting the National Defense of the United States within the meaning of the Espionage Laws, Title 18, U.S.C. Secs. 'r93 and 794, the transmission or revelation of which in any manner to an unauthorized person is prohibited by law. COUNTRY East Germany SUBJECT Wismut A,Go, Object 1, Johanngeorgeno DATE DISTR. stadt DATE OF INFO. PLACE ACQUIRED DATE ACQUIRED 1, In July 1951, Object 1 at Johanngeorgenstadt included among others lEi.nas No , 51a, 18, 1 (central mine) ~ 31, 31 bis, 51, 126, 80, and 16lt near Johann- georgenstadt, in addition to Mines Noo 236 and 98 near Antonsthalo New mines had not been sunko 20 Mines No, 126, $0, and 164 had a total labor force of about 1,800 including 250 women, She women worked exclusigely above ground, The output of the mines was decreasingo Mine 31 had a labor ford of about 2.90009. and Mine 51~ one of about 29600 including 300 woman who worked above ground, 3o The average output per shift at each of the eight sections in operation at Mine 5>~ was as follows s 2~+ February 1955 NO. OF PAGES 3 REQUIREMENT NO. RD REFERENCES Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/08/21 :CIA-RDP80S01540R006400090011-6 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/08/21 :CIA-RDP80S01540R006400090011-6 grade 1 ores ~ box grade 2 ores 12 or 13 boxes grade 3 ores 3 mine carloads, grade 3 ore was shipped to the sorting plants at Erlabrunn and Johanngeorgen- stadt. blasts material was drop,,ad on a dump. 1~. Mine 1 (central mine] had a labor force of about 1,000 men. Work was done at five different levels. The maximum depth reached was about 2l~0 meters. The production target per shift was fixed at about 20 boxes of grade 1 ore. This production~'target has always been fulfilled. The ore mined was black and greenish. 5. The work force of Mine 18 was estimated at 1,100 to 1,200 men. The mine had four levels, the greatest depth was about 280 meters. The output of the mine was rather low, and only so-called Muellerz was obtained. No grade 1 ore was ever seen at 'the mine. A bonus of eastmarks was paid for one box of ore. The ore mined was black and blue. Although the ore found at the mine was of poor quality, blasting operations were prohibited. In June 1951, no new miners were hired. On the contrary, many miners were transferred from Johatan- georgenstadt to other Wi.smut installations. On 15 ~y 195~t, a group of 100 men was transferred, presumably to Schlema and Auerbach. 6. Mines 18 and 53 were merged in 1950. Descent into the mine was made only through Mine 53, chile the elevator tower of Dine 18 was used only for the hauling of ore. There were three mine levels, i.e., level 66 which was deactivated and was being filled up, level 78 which was 10 percent in opera tion, and level 95 which was worked at full capacity. The ore yield was very poor. Mining operations were hampered by a layer of granite which extended from Eibenstock toward Czechoslovakia. About 50 boxes of grade 1 ore were produced at Mine 18/539 but it was believed that this ore did not really meat the specifications for grade 1 ore. A bonus of up to 3 eastmarks was paid for one box of ore. In addition to grade 1 ore, about 100 mine carloads of other type ore were produced. The ore mined was black, yellow, green, and red. 7. Mine 18/53 was to be merged with Mine 5l~. All mines in Johanngeorgenstadt were expected to be closed soon except for Mines 1, 54, and 31. Mine 31/bia was to be deactivated in June 195~t? It was learned that granite layers were struck near Eibenstock9 near Schwarzenberg, and near Lanka in the Aue district. 8. The labor force of Mine 31 was estimated to be 29500 men9 who worked in 9 sections. The mine had five levels9 the so-called 16-Lachter9 78-Lachter9 95-Lachter9 1]~0-Lachter, and 160-Lachter levels. (A Lachter is an obsolete measurement equal in length to two meters.) The greatest depth reached eras about 320 meters. The production target was fixed at 10-15 boxes of grade 1 ore per shift and mine section. Since mining operations were conducted in seven mine sections, 2ltO-250 boxes of grade 1 ore were to be produced within a 21}mhour period. These production targets were reached=or even exceeded. The ore mined looked black, red, and green. 9. The labor force of Object 19 the largest object in the entire uranium ore mining area9 was estimated to be J.t5.000 persons. Mine 31 was the only installa- tion of Object 1 to have so-called ~~dlochbetrieb (a method of mining in which galleries era bored horizontally into the slopes of hills). 10. The payment of bonuses for high-quality ore depended on the mood of the Soviet supervisory personnel who disregarded fixed rules. 11, Fr3.or to June 1951, the labor force of Mine 31 was estimated to be 800 - 19000 men. The mine had three levels, the deepest level was at 78 meters. On 1 June 195l~, the labor force of the mine was decreased by about 30 percent, and only txo shifts were worked. The output of the mine was rather poor. The production target was fixed at 5 or 6 boxes of high-quality ore per shift. On the average9 only 2 boxes of high-quality ore were obtained. On Sundays, no high-quality ores was mined at all. Since 19511, a bonus of only 3 eastmarks has been paid per box of high-quality ore. Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/08/21 :CIA-RDP80S01540R006400090011-6 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/08/21 :CIA-RDP80S01540R006400090011-6 12. 1rEluie 253 and line 336 w~ro merged. The labor force of Pine 253 was estimarted to be 800 men, the labor force of Pine 336 at about 1,500 men. The deepest level tree at about 250 meters. On the second level, ore was mined at a depth of about 90 meters. In Yareh 195lt, about 20 boxes of grade 1 ore xere produced per shift. ,COTLL Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/08/21 :CIA-RDP80S01540R006400090011-6