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December 22, 2016
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June 2, 2010
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February 27, 1958
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Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/06/02 : CIA-RDP80T00246AO40400510001-6 I. Swnv+~;.r Q 0ft4U A"cue.. P01c,-SSMG CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY This material contains information affecting the National Defense of the United States within the meaning of the Espionage Laws, Title 18, U.S.C. Secs. 793 and 794, the transmission or revelation of which in any manner to an unauthorized person is prohibited by law. COUNTRY East Germany DATE OF INFO. PLACE & DATE ACQ. DATE DISTR. 47 FEB io 1 ? MALUWLA. CAAa M s tD%1i- U I NO. PAGES 1 15? fl~Kesr~'l~i+U &V)Ce. Or0{}tlt. 4ot C"R1?r ri e. CdU O% C u~tb Soods . 5. C ow u 4 4-IX QxO*I' U%%W- 25X1 gL RpAkav%- ? USStC . , VA. Q. . QAA w Eova r gex A ? co+ liuuou * s i- dift tit-.9 4JA It %JA - %?r ~_ 25X1 VA STATE X ARMY NAVY A AIR X 1FBI AEC (Note: Washington distribution indicated by "X"; Field distribution by "#' 4 I N FORMATION REPORT I N FORMATION REPORT 25X1 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/06/02 : CIA-RDP80T00246AO40400510001-6 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/06/02 : CIA-RDP80TOO246AO40400510001-6 SECRET A. 'P.olit cal-economic 1. Summit Conference It appears that Moscow increasingly counts on realization of summit conference. Accord to available info, plan for conference of neutral countries therefore postponed. Hope for summit conference presumably also accounts for delay of Moscow visit reason given by Moscow, that date o ? s s sold not interfere with elections for supreme Soviet, not to be taken seriously. Bulganin'a first letter and the numerous following Soviet letters and addresses clearly reflect tendency continuously to extend topics to be treated at summit conference. This tendency can be explained by the wish to support opposition in Western oovntriert which depends on rinblic opinion, to attract neutralist countries, and, at the same time, antagonize Western intentions to specify prior to summit conference topics to be treated. 2. Chance of 17S System in UGSR 3. 'Khrushchev announced in a speech that the MTS system in the USSR will be reorganized and machinery will be put under direct supervision of thn kolkhozes. This measure represents.a major organizational change which may have been caused by the following considerations: at present, there are appr 9,000 MTSs and appr 84,000 kolkhozes in the USSR. As Khrushchev himself admitted, the 1957 harvest was considerably smaller than that of 1956, with an estimated 20 million toss of grain less than in preceding year. According to the kolkhozes managements, this loss was caused by the drought as well as poor MTS service (machine tractor stations). It appears that agricultural specialists have now had their way. Khrushchev may also look at this measure as an intermediate step toward realization of his favorite idea, the conversion of kolkhozes into sovkhoses. Almost exclusively sovkhozes have been established in the newly developed agricultural areas from the beginning.. Sovkhozes are nationalized estates which have their own machiner. In any case, this reorganization can be accomplished only in a lengthy process,, Withdrawal of Control PersonnelfromBerlin Sector Boundary On orders of Presidium of Council of Ministers on 17 January 1958, special employment of AZKW personnel (Office for Customs and Control of Traffic with Goods) allegedly war to be discontinued. (Cement: Although this measure may be interpreted as a lessening of tensions in the Berlin situation, Pankow is still able any time to intensify.control measures as may also be implied from recent indications of continuous improvement of isolation Man. as a student has been discontinued Training .2f in thg-US?R Since recently, students of physics are being trained in all fields of nhvsice i.e. at all physical insttitutes. Specialisation already 25X1 25X1 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/06/02 : CIA-RDP80TOO246AO40400510001-6 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/06/02 : CIA-RDP80T00246AO40400510001-6 SECRET NOFORN (Coasnemt: So far, training of engineers and students of natural science had been ver-r much restricted to special fields, a method which had enabled personnel involved to take over at short notice subjects developed at other places. The present extensive training of physicists tends to indicate that the USSR is about to attach increasing importance to fundamental research which is a prerequisite for a qualitative superiority in the field of armament.) Series Construction of I1-18s in the USS According to Soviet stater'ents of. early January 1953, large trans- port aircraft I1-18 "Moskva" is already in series production, apparently in Plant No 30 at the former central Airport in Moscow First I1-18s of these series may be put into operation prior to the and of the year. '.,'hen series production will be well under way, i.e. net earlier than after 1 year, the capacity of the plant will allow a maximum monthly production of 6 to 8 aircraft of this size. 6. Dem nstrat,lori of MiG_-15s in 1941 A report by a Soviet scientist of 1948, which has been published only now, indicates that the first sample of a MiG-15 shown at the 1947 'narade in Tushino still had many deficiencies, the removal of which had been postponed until after the parade. It can therefore sa'ely be assumed that new military equipment shown by the USSR at parades etc might not always be fully tested and ready for employment. 7. Production of S?rnthetic Rubber in the USSR In 1957, two new plants, Baku and Krasnojavsk, were put into operation in the USSR. Production is based on ethyl alcohol gained from crack gas and/or wood spirit. The construction of additional plants for production of rubber on base of synthetic alcohol from crackgas is planned. Several new sorts of artificial rubber with specific properties have been produced in the USSR for 2 years.,Addi.iona1 sorts are in the phase of scientific-technical development C ent: In spite of an increase of the production of 220,000 tons in 1957, the USSR, between 1951 and 19568 had to import an annual average of 63,000 tons of Indian rubber and'a considerable percentage of the Soviet-Zone production of synthetic rubber. The rroblem of production of alcohol by the cracking process has been solved. In connection with the increasing utilization of wood spirit, the raw material situation for the production of synthetic rubber improved considerably, so that a major increase of production can be expected. So far, the new rubber sorts represent only a beginning of a reduced wear and tear-which, however, in connection with the increase of production, will make the USSR self-supporting with., regard to rubber.) See also supplements. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/06/02 : CIA-RDP80T00246AO40400510001-6 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/06/02 : CIA-RDP80T00246AO40400510001-6 SECrdT NO N B. Btmsd Farces I. US-'R and "United" Forces (W rsay pact) Hither Echelon Organization and Personnel On 14 Jan, Gen Arty M.P, Dmitriyev mentioned as Chief Adm Combat Tng Arty of Adm Arty Commander Soviet Army.. C n : F.P. Dmitriyevreported in following positions. Jun 1940, Brig Gen of. Arty; Sep 1941, Arty Commander Central Front; Nov 1942, Maj Gen and Arty Commander of Soutwest Front; Jan - Oct 1943, Arty Gen and Arty Commander of ?onthw?Ft Front; Aug 195?, Deputy Umpire at arty competition of Soviet Army (press).) On 21 Jan, Maj Gen Ivan Vasilyevich Tutarinov mentioned as Chief- of-Staff of Soviet Forces in Hungary. C_ nt. Z.V. Tutarinov reported in following positions: Aug 1942 and Aug 1943, Brig Gen and Commander 9th Gds Cav Div; liar 1944, awarded Bogdan Khmelnitski Order Second Class; Jul 1944, deatinguished_ himself SW Minsk, near Baranovichi and Brest Litovsk, accord to radio report; Sep 1946, presum Commander 9th Car Div in North-Caucasus L'D; SOT. 1947, commanded cavalry parade at.cavalry contests in Moscow (press). II. GM 1. Sher Echelon Personal It was learned in early Jan, that t'aj Gen Hoffmann, who reportedly returned from the USSR "some time ago", replaced Brig Gen Dickel 0 25X1 C _ t; During_Maj Gen Hoffmann'a prolonged absence, Brig Gen Dickel had acted as First Deputy Minister for National Defense. Accord to recent info, 1"aj Gen Mueller has fallen into dii- '-grace and, for the time being, Brig Gen Dickel is scheduled to succeed him as Chief of Main Staff of Ministry for National Defense. It may therefore be assumed that 25X1 N.aj Gen Hoffmann's detachment to Moscow had been discontinued ahead of time or had been interrupted. 25X1 2, ReReserves Accord to a government decision announced at GDR universities., in early Nov 1957, military tng was to become compulsory at universities In Jan 1958. Students were to be sworn in and had to participate in 4 to 3 -week exercises with troop units at the end of every study year. Graduate students are expected to have the ability to act as reserve offficers. 1957 graduates have to participate in only one 8-week course with WA units in 1 8 n completion of which they ray, become reserve NCOs Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/06/02 : CIA-RDP80T00246AO40400510001-6 . Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/06/02 : CIA-RDP80T00246AO40400510001-6 SECS LT NOFORN The schedule provides for 8 hours theoretical and practical infantry tng per week for male students and tng in radio, medical and air protection service by NVA every second week for female students, in addition to special tng'by G.'T C t? Should this decision be executed to its full extent, military service would practically become compulsory for students at tmiversities. USSR undoubtedly again served as model for this measure.) Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/06/02 : CIA-RDP80T00246AO40400510001-6 ""' Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/06/02 : CIA-RDP80T00246AO40400510001-6 S n~ iw T NOFORN C. Am USSR GDR 1. Locat-to 15 Jan, .5 Bb-14 RLs left Ebersdorfer Kaserne (1244), Ch.m nitz; returned same day. C : The 53d Gds RL Bn/Alth Gds Tank Div possibly now stationed in Fberadorfer Karerne, Chsmnits.) 2. T a sin In addition to intensive tng at posts, tng in firing of arty units at tng grounds.and activities of engr units at water tng sites increased betty 10 and 20 Jan. On 20 Jan, elms 34th 'arty Div, Potsdam, transferred, presum to Altengrabow, and, on 15 Jan, arty elris 9th Gds Tank Div, NeuFtrelits, transferred to tng grounds for firing practices. On 21 Jan, elms engr bn/10th Gds Tank Div practiced at northern shore of Lake Krarlpnitz and, on 2? Jan, alms engr bn/6th Gds Mecs Div practiced at Oranienburg Canal. Movements of columns on 16 Jan in the Riesa-Grossenhain-Koenigebrueek area, which inci sedans, APCs, radio and other trucks but no tanks and heavy weapons, tend to indicate staff exercise in area of First Gds Metz Army (Tank) C sn ? Increased firing practices of arty units and water trig of engr units had been expected. No in{'o has as vet been received on a "staff exercise" in area of?First Gds Mecz ":rmy (Tank).) Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/06/02 : CIA-RDP80T00246AO40400510001-6 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/06/02 : CIA-RDP80T00246AO40400510001-6 ALr Fotcs I. USSR 1. Training Since 27 Jan 1958, a winter exercise in, the southern area of the Sov Zone Germany has been under way involving elements of the Twenty Fourth Air Army and probably army elements of the GEFG. C e t: This exercise is unusual in this season. Detailed info on practice area and units involved will be forwarded later on.) 2. Logistics It is expected that Stendal airfield is ready for occupation and operation by ` ov Air Force units beginning Feb 1958? Conunent? The runway and taxiway'system at Stendal airfield was completed in Nov 1957. After completed repair of cracks in concrete slabs in Jan 1958, the airfield is ready for occupation by air _units.) Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/06/02 : CIA-RDP80T00246AO40400510001-6 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/06/02 : CIA-RDP80T00246AO40400510001-6 S~c, NOFGRN E. Nary fim 1958 Shiubuildine Program The following information was obtained on the construction program of some GDR shipyards: 1. Roses u WD-Y-ard a. 1 motor cargo vessel: type GUSTAV KOENIGS; 750 d/v tons; 3 hatches; length 67 meters; width 8 to 9.5 meters; draft 2 to 2.5 meters. Probably to be delivered b. 11 inland tankers: similar to type GUSTAV KOENIGS presumably also F delivery: c. I. sea-going bucket output 400 cubic meters per hour; dredgers: length 60 meters; width 12 meters; diesel-electric propulsion with 2 x 300-TIP diesel engine; latest nautical installations; 2 vessels for USER, and 2 for GDR; delivery F 2. Elbe ?hivyard in Boisenbur a. 5 tankers: GDR completion at Stralsund National Shipyard; for b. 15 fishing cutters: length 26 meters; width 3.5 meters; draft 2 meters; similar to those built delivery: c. Motor coasters: probably 390 GRT; length 50 meters; width 6.5 meters; for extort; terns and time of delivery unknown. d. Cargo boats: for export; no further details. probably 500 d/w tons; length 50 meters; width 8 to 9 meters; draft 2.5 meters; 1 diesel engine with 300 to 360 HP; for USSR (Koenigsberg); 3: Thaej=nn Ebiryard in Brandenburr a. 7 river..ice-breakers: also to be used ar harbor tugs; length appr 30 meters; width 6.5 meters; draft 1.75 meters; 1 x 540-HP BW diesel gins; 1.2'r^illion DM, per ship; to- or GDR or Poland; almost completed Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/06/02 : CIA-RDP80T00246AO40400510001-6 4 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/06/02 : CIA-RDP80T00246AO40400510001-6 b. 20 seisers: length 24 tro-30 meters; width 3.5 to 4 meters; draft 2.2 to 2.6 meters; 1 x 300 HP diesel engine; 1 screw; creed 12.7 knots; modern W/`! installation; trawl winch for fishing at stern; for US."R (Ministry for Fisher K 77r*rr) ! tn 25X1 t c. Repair ships: to be equipped with forge, foundry turning section, drilling shop, welding whop, and diesel compressor. Total of 65 shins to be constructed for USSR by 1 ate of production unknown 25X1 II. Poland Polish Mine Sweeper of T L3 Class a vessel with designation T-63, presumably of T-43 Class, was observed in Basin IX of Gdynia Harbor. The flag Comment: Vessel observed presum was third Polish mine sweeper of T-43 Class built at Paris Kommune Shipyard in Gdynia.) III. USSR Escort Destroyer of RIGA Gass RIG. _which had not been reported since was again observed in Swinemuende Harbr,r. Destroyer presumably returned to its previous harbor after overhauling at a shipyard. According to available information,,I'IGA was observed with lop-side of about 15 degrees in the"Baltic Two tugs from Swinemuende had rendered towage service to the ship which had apparently been daraged. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/06/02 : CIA-RDP80T00246AO40400510001-6