Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Document Creation Date: 
December 22, 2016
Document Release Date: 
October 5, 2010
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Publication Date: 
August 6, 1959
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PDF icon CIA-RDP80T00246A049700460001-0.pdf411.08 KB
Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/10/05: CIA-RDP80T00246AO49700460001-0 This material contains information affecting the National Defense of the United Shits within the meaning of the Espionage Laws, Title 18, V.S.C. Seca. 793 and 794, the transmiwion or revelation of which in any manner to an unauthorized person L prohibited by law. COUNTRY ~81~t&/U S / Bloc REPORT L_ SUBJECT Reorganization of the Polish Long- DATE DISTR. AUG Distance -?Cable System NO. PAGES 3 _ REFERENCES F DATE OF INFO. PLACE & DATE ACO 1. mainly multieoree acoustic cables which were built according to the Standard (34) or Siemens (Vierer) systems. All these cables consist of wrapped wires. These wires will not last much longer as they have" t:fii ne #or 20 to 30 years. These lines are buu1t up with a carrier frequency, in other words two or four, four-lead-cables, and on the most important lines they are "depupinisirt" (sic) and adjusted to the 12.shaassl carrier frequency system (in other words, to 120 Kea). The same is true of other existing lines. The new lines, from approximately 19118 up to the present time, are built in a mixed system. The cables in these lines consist of 8 to 53 or more pairs. Cables from 8 to 15 wires use primarily a carrier frequency (in the 12, 24, or 60 channel system). The other cables eoasist of acoustic pairs and in addition also of S-8-C R B-T cnxi _-ii inn_e`-- e `- of completely new long-distance lines. The old long-distance-lines are of reorganized so that the Polish network will be connected to the international system in a manner approved by international agreements and recommendations. The present long-distance cable system in Poland is now being completely Poland and also that a Polish cable factory had completed the testingl a'f i-_R\ the effect that a new factory would be built to manufacture amplifiers in subject took place between the. Soviet Union and other Communist countries. It was learned after the Prague Conference that the member nations of this conference would supply the needs of the entire Communist Bloc on an allocated basis, i.e., Czechoslovakia - amplifiers, Hungary - radio sets, East Germany - eo*xial cables, Poland - raw materials and coal, and so forth. Tlt*n in the latter part of 1958 and the beginning of 1959 technical conversa- tions took place in the offices of the Polish Win"it df. "Cojm'althicatioris?,t6 tions solely from CCITT, it is believed that additional discussions on th it is certain that the new cable organization does not receive its inst phone International and with the approval of the Socialist (Communist) Ministers' Conference which met in Prague, possibly during June 1958. 8, This will be done in accordance with the recommendation of CCITT fCentral Conference Internationale de'Telefon & Telegraf" - Postal, Telegraph & Tele prototype coaxial cables. C-, 2. The Polish long-distance cable system consists partly of very 9ld an STATE X ARMY X NAVY X `AIR X FBI - AEC ORR Evr X Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/10/05: CIA-RDP80T00246AO49700460001-0 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/10/05: CIA-RDP80T00246AO49700460001-0 'effective capacity of each sheaf of cables is 26.5 4110 Except for the radio pairs which carry 38 nF/km,; Vierer wires for carrier rrequency; am. L sue e c?pairs of these cables are wrapped with /50 i w The 3. Most new lines consist of two cables - one for each transmission direction. Warsaw to Brost: There are on the first section from Warsaw to Minsk Kasowi.eeki .. two 51 x 2 cables; an the second section to Siedice - two 37 x 2 cables; on the third section to Biala Podlaska two 27 x 2 cables; on the last section to Brest two 14 x 2 cables. The two cables are :buried along the entire stretch Ea* cable along the Warsaw to Biala Podlaska section his 7 Viererres and from Biala Podlaska to Brost each cable has 4 Vierer wires for carrier frequency in the 24-channel system. This long-distance line will soon have been in use for five years. In the beginning these lines were equipped with Soviet K 24 amplifiers, but this may have been changed slightly in production. There are eight amplifier stations along the Polish section of this line. b. Warsaw to Bialystok to the Soviet borders On the first section from Warsaw to Radsymin - two 53 x 2 cables; on the second section up to Bialystok - possibly two 27 x 2 cables; and an the last section to the Soviet border - two 14 x 2 cables. Four Vierer'`wires for carrier frequency using the 24-channel system are contained in each cable along the whole stretch. The type of amplifiers used on this line rl~o not known. a. Two new lines have been built between the eastern border and Lublin and the eastern border and Samdo ierz. Both lines are connected with Warsaw through the old long-distance cables. Between Warsaw and Katowiceg A new line has also been built on this stretch. This line consists of 15x 2 long-distance cables which are used only for carrier frequency. There are various lang-distannce connections between Warsaw and Berlin, but mainly old cables, A new long-distance line has been biit 'between Slubice, Poznan (Posen), and Bydgoszcz (Bromberg). It consists of two cables which have 4 to 7 Viererwire''for the carrier frequency. There are other new long-distance lines to the west of Warsaw. Many old long- distance lines have been unspooled in this area, i.e., west from Warsaw. 4. Not much has been heard about any new radio transmitter in recent months rthat is'to say, prior to March 1959, the date of this reporg, but the first microwave-radio relay equipment has been installed on the Warsaw- Lodz stretch. These stations are engaged in television test?igg. The next link will be between Warsaw and Katowice. The equipment for these two links comes from East Germany. a part of this network an automatic, high-speedithtexconnecting system is in preparation. Six large cities are to be included in this systems Warsaw, Lodz, Katowice, #roc :of Poznan, and Bydgoszcz. These cities were first tteroonneoted by already existing long-distance lines. In 1957 it was proposed that these cities should be connected by coaxial cables. It is believed that the new long-dia*tance ekohanges will be built in these cities and that they are already under construction in Warsaw, Bydgoszcz, Lo4z,and Katowice. These exchanges are being prepared for long-distance transit service: The network between these six cities will use only the carrier frequency system. All international conversations through Poland are now being led and in the future will be led through Warsaw. For this purpose . The new long-distance network is about to go into operation in Poland. As A coaxial cable between Lvov ( Rzeszow, Katowice, Wroclaw ( reslsu), East Germany, and Czechoslovakia has been proposed. This line ,will probably be installed between 1960 and 1962. The transmission equip- ment and the coaxial cable will be delivered by the Soviet Union. Theme installations are to operate on a 960 or 1800-channel carrier frequency system. *Vierer_ four-wire units. $ E-C 3t-ET Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/10/05: CIA-RDP80T00246AO49700460001-0 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/10/05: CIA-RDP80T00246AO49700460001-0 SE-CRBT 50X1-HUM a new exchange for international long-distance calls is under construction in Warsaw. A new meter-gauge is being built at each of these long-distance exchanges. 7. A technical conference to discuss the problems concerning impulse measuring instruments or ages for the measuring rooses.eld in February 1959 brought forth the following questionss 50X1-HUM suit of the policy guidance issued the CCITT it should be determined- factories produce gauges for measuring the amplifier section repeater portion) of coaxial cables - if not, then where in the world are they manufactured? Such gauges were manufactured 0- Transimetre UO 3, Type Chantier or Type Coblerie Societe Anonyme de 50X1-HUM Telecommunication - at a cost of 20,000.pounds. Is it perhaps with the help of these gauges that measuring at a distance is done? What is the weight and price of these gauges? b. After having changed to cci*ial cables which gauges has the post and telegraph service used? Is th post and telegraph service 50X1 -HU M satisfied with this gauge? Most questions on this subject concerned impulse gauges. 50X1-HUM c. Questions were asked concerning the measuring rooms. Does the post and telegraph service anticipate using instruments for circuit 50X1-HUM measurement in semi or fully automatic long-distance service, as, for example, the "robot" (automatic measuring) that is done d. There was discussion of the receipt of gauges from other countries. It was asked what methods factories in other countries use to quickly locate the damage if, on receipt, such gauges are found to be damaged. Are oscillographic or other means used to quickly locate the damage? e. What measuring instruments are used in measuring carrier frequency installations over 12 men? Which measuring instruments are used for intermediate frequency installations? f. Along what line does the company *radiometer" specialize? g. Are the new models of oscillation gauge BKF 5 and frequency analyzer FRA in production? '10. As of the latter part of 1958 the Soviets had long-distance signal brigades located at every important, large amplifier station where long-distance lines cross. There were many such amplifier stations. Some of them are Slupsk (Stolp), Koszalin (Koeslin), Szczecin (Stettin), Poznan, Zielona. Gora (Ortnberg , Legnica, Jelenia Gora (Hirschberg), ' , Opole (Oppeln), Gdansk (Danzig), Bydgoszcz, Krosniewice, Lodz, Czestochowa, Katowice, 0liiztyn, Zegrze u.Warsaw, Warsaw, Radom, Sandomierz, Krakow, Bialystok, Siedlce, Lublin, and Rzeszow. In addition, the Polish Army has an independent cable system linking its units, airfields, etc., and a civilian system. The military system is constantly in operation and at least two to four times a year and occasionally more often, alert orders were issued for testing purposes".over the entire Polish system. 50X1-HUM 11. A sketch showing thatFg akthofht e. ~ shnnr, tbpspkkrorr erQ' nix odt6matie hi'T - ed'.:ntemoh bct3 g system is in preparation Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/10/05: CIA-RDP80T00246AO49700460001-0 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/10/05: CIA-RDP80T00246AO49700460001-0 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/10/05: CIA-RDP80T00246AO49700460001-0 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/10/05: CIA-RDP80T00246AO49700460001-0 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/10/05: CIA-RDP80T00246AO49700460001-0 50X1-HUM