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December 28, 2016
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September 28, 2010
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September 1, 1980
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Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/28 :CIA-RDP80T01 Secret imagery analysis report Summary of Polish Situation Secret Z-20095/80 IAR-0234/80 SEPTEMBER 1980 copy 16 7 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/28 :CIA-RDP80T01782R000100500001-1 7828000100500001-1 ~~ Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/28 :CIA-RDP80T01782R000100500001-1 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/28 :CIA-RDP80T01782R000100500001-1 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/28 :CIA-RDP80T01782R000100500001-1 SECRET SUMMARY OF POLISH SITUATION 1. (S/D) This report is the second in a series of imagery-derived intelligence summaries on Polish strike activity and possible reactions to the strike by Polish and Soviet military forces. In general, condi- tions in Poland appeared to be returning to normal; however, unusual activity, including some mobiliza- tion of civilian trucks, was observed in the military districts in western USSR. Since 0 coverage of Group of Soviet Forces Germany (GSFG), Soviet Groups of Forces in Czechoslovakia (CG F), and of the Baltic, Belorussian, and Carpathian Military Districts (MDs) in the western USSR has been inade- quate to derive information needed to make an accurate assessment of possible Soviet mobilization. STRIKE ACTIVITY 2. (S/D) The shipyards and the urban area around Gdansk, which were the focal point of all strike activity, appeared to be returning to normal. Between Gdynia, Szczecin, Wroclaw, and Krakow (cities where strike or strike-related activity had been seen or reported) were imaged (Figure 1). By conditions appeared to be normal. POLISH SECURITY/MILITARY REACTION 3. (S/D) Imagery collected over military installations in Poland between indicated that the key Polish army units, which had previously been at a higher than normal state of readiness, were probably returning to normal. 4. (S/D) The Gdansk Regiment of the 7th Sea-landing Division, in garrison on was believed to have been one of the Polish border crossing in bivouac approximately 3 nautical miles (nm) east of Swinoujscie on ~ ~ In addition to the Gdansk Regiment, elements of a tank battalion, an amphibious engineer battalion, and at least 60 person- nel tents were present. This activity was probably related to the large Warsaw Pact exercise, Comrades-in- Arms-80, which was ongoing in early September in East Germany. 5. (S/D) Sources indicated that Polish communications equipment was at the points for troops participating in the Comrades-in-Arms-80 exercise. On imagery of ~ approxi- mately 70 signal van trucks were missing from the 4th Signal Regiment at Bydgoszcz and may have been the equipment reported at Angermunde. 6. (S/D) In Szczecin, tanks and armored personnel carriers parked in possible alert positions on had returned to their normal parking positions by The 8th Mechanized Infantry Division at Kolobrzeg, where an unusually high level of activity was seen on ~~ had returned to normal by SOVIET NORTHERN GROUP OF FORCES (NGF) 7. S D The hi h level of communications activity previously reported at Legnica had diminished by however, an R-410 TWIN PLATE set (normally seen with Front and above-level units) and several cargo trucks in convoy (Figure 2) were observed at Legnica Army Barracks 201 [n addition, a PARK DRIVE mobile satellite communications station (normally seen with Army and above-level units) was seen at Legnica Headquarters SOV NGF 204 on 8. (S/D) Major elements of a tank battalion were observed offloading from flatcars at a siding northwest of Swietoszow on 0 Swietoszow houses major maneuver elements of a Soviet tank division. The significance of this activity (i.e., an additional battalion or a returning battalion) could not be determined. Military activity at other NGF installations in Poland was normal as of OTHER GROUPS OF SOVIET FORCES EASTERN EUROPE 9. (S/D) Open-source news reported that a high level of activity was continuing in East Germany, probably because of the Comrades-in-Arms-80 exercise. Only one image was co No unusual activity was observed in the Soviet 28th Corps in Czechoslovakia on on which the corps was imaged. WN/NTEL Z-20095/80 -1- S E C R ET IA R-0234/80 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 '~FY~ 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 25X1 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/28 :CIA-RDP80T01782R000100500001-1 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/28 :CIA-RDP80T01782R000100500001-1 SZCZECIN (STETTIN) AUSTRIA ~RIJN7A1. OIUG CZRCHL4YAA KATOWI CE ? KRAKOW ~U1~AR'Y Photographic Coverage Soviet Installation ~ Division Out of Garrison - ~- R il Li (r ~ ne a `` _L SECRET Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/28 :CIA-RDP80T01782R000100500001-1 U3SR $QVET~K Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/28 :CIA-RDP80T01782R000100500001-1 WESTERN USSR 10. (SAD) Significant Ground Force Activity involving five divisions was observed in the three MDs in the western USSR between However, incomplete coverage of these MDs prevents an accurate assessment of the status of Soviet forces. II. (SAD) A higher than normal level of activity was observed in the Baltic MD. Particularly active was the Ilth Guards Army area (Kaliningrad, Gusev, and Sovetsk). Most of the 40th Guards Tank Division (GTD) at Suvetsk and Gusev was seen in local training areas on ~ Extensive vehicular 25X1 activity and out of garrison movement within the Ist GTD at Kaliningrad and Kornevo and at the 1st Guard Motorized Rifle Division (GMRD) at Kaliningrad, Gvardeysk, and Dolgorukovo was observed on A radio relay unit (possible KGB~UPS) normally seen at Ba rationovsk, less than I nm north of the Polish border, had moved to a local field training area by No unusual activity was observed at the transloading yards at Kaliningrad, Mamonovo, or Chernyakhovst. 12. (S/D) In the Belorussian MD, major elements of the 46th GTD, housed at Slonim, and the 25X1 1~X"I motor transport battalion (MTBN), housed at Barandovichi, were out of garrison on Q Some 25)(1 units were seen loading onto flatcars while others were in a nearby bivouac area. Two tank battalions for this division were loading onto flatcars at Slonim Railyard and elements of one motorized rifle regiment (MRR) were loading at Lesnaya Railyard. The remainder of the MRR was bivouacked approximately 6 nm south of Slonim. The MTBN from Baranovichi was also bivouacked in this area. Approximately 70 civilian trucks had augmented the MTBN. There was no unusual activity at the Brest transloading yards, the 50th GMRD at Brest, the second-generation tank division at Grodno, the 8th GTD and diversionary unit at Marina Gorka, or at the 120th GMRD at Minsk. 13. (S/D) In the Carpathian MD, a high level of activity was observed in the 128th Motorized Rifle Division at Uzhgorud and Mukachevo on ~ An MRR was bivouacked in the training area at 25X1 Mukachevo; the divisional artillery regiment was bivouacked in the local training area at Perechia; and the tank regiment at Uzhgord was preparing to leave its garrison. Activity in the two MRRs housed at Bereguvo and Uzhgorod ap eared normal. Unusual activity was sighted in the signal regiment (probable KGB~UPS) in Kudyma on A PARK DRIVE mobile satellite communications station and an 2j)(1 R-410 tropuscatter radio relay set were set up within the garrison. Also, a higher than normal level of vehicle activity were seen in the probable KGB~UPS signal battalion at Skole on Activity 25)(1 within the ISth GMRD at Vladimir Volynsky, the 30th GTD and heavy lift regiment at Novogrld Volynsky, and the diversionary unit at Izyaslav appeared normal. -3- l-'009 5~~4O SECRET lA R-0?~4/80 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/28 :CIA-RDP80T01782R000100500001-1 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/28 :CIA-RDP80T01782R000100500001-1 (S/D) All applicable satellite imagery acquired between ~ ~ was used in the 25X1 preparation of this report. (S) ('ommcnts and queries regarding this report are welcome. They ma be directed to Warsaw Pact Forces Division, Imagery Exploitation Group, NPIC, 25X1 ~~~~1 -4- 7-?OOy S~SU SECRET /A R-0234/80 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/28 :CIA-RDP80T01782R000100500001-1 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/28 :CIA-RDP80T01782R000100500001-1 Secret Secret Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2010/09/28 :CIA-RDP80T01782R000100500001-1