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Document Creation Date: 
December 22, 2016
Document Release Date: 
May 17, 2011
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Publication Date: 
October 26, 1956
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PDF icon CIA-RDP81-00280R001300020022-3.pdf299.3 KB
CIA-RDP81-00280R001300020022-3 JJ~k 10 1 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/05/17 : CIA-R D P81-0028OR001300020022-3 Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/05/17: CIA-RDP81-00280R001300020022-3 3014521' hta material contains information affecting the National Detenat of the Unit" States eltbha the meats?.att of the LplOhaee 1,&ws. Tl'!^ ?.a. U.S.C. Seen. 797 and %. the ts.nmmlalon or revelation of trbtch In any manner to an UaaUtborta.d person is probtbtted by tea. 50X1-HUM Military Information NO. PACES RNEQUIREM2NtT ? NO. RD DATE OF INFO. PLACE & DATE ACQ. 50X1-HUM 50X1-HUM Is there was a moving along the Vyskovv-Brno-trague highway. - -- - there was an exercise in the area of Karlovy Vary, because the 32nd Fighter Bomber Regiment from Brno- ].stun lift for that site on 21 September 19560 50X1-HUM 3. In August 1955 the compulsory military service in Air Force units tank u>4ita, and Border Guard units was reduced from three to two-und-.-half , years, 4. In early spring 1956 there was a plan in process which called for mechanics attached to Air Force units to be temporarily transferred to an aircraft f t ac ory in Vodochody to begin Production of IL-14-type aircraft. fTATr Ae..Y M4~Y-_- to -' (Note, We.AL.yaw dnhibvt,a, ., d.coi.d br ?7C-?; F..ld dipribu.:on br " ' :) INFORMATION REPORT I N FORMATION REPORT Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/05/17: CIA-RDP81-00280R001300020022-3 I. Military (a 14th Squardon of the 3rd Fighter Regiment . letka, 3. stihaciho leteckeho pluku) stationed in Brno-Turany (N 49-09, E 16-40). Division with Headquarters in Pardubice. The 22nd Fighter Division was part of the Tactical Air Force (Frontove Litectvo) not to be confused with the Aviation Component of the National Air Defense (PVOS). (c) Actual unit strength: The 3rd egiment consisted of four squadrons (letka). The jrd Regiment had 40 fighter planes - about 25 15 MIG-15 bia', and three dual-control MIG-15's. Approximately 65 pilots were assigned to the Regiment; the total number of personnel was about 2~)0. Authorized unit strength was four squadrons consisting of four flights each; each flight had four fighter planes. Authorized number of pilots was about 80 and the total authorized number of personnel about 360. 50X1-HUM Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/05/17: CIA-RDP81-00280R001300020022-3 SECRET -2- (e) The training target range was located about 15 km. north-northeast of Vyskov (N 49-17, E 17-00) in the (h) Lieutenant Colonel Vladimir Fros was the CO of the 50X1-HUM 50X1-HUM 3rd Fighter Regiment. Pros 150X1-HUM served with the Czechoslovak units in USSR during 50X1-HUM World War II. First Lieutenant Jan Dostal was the CO of the 4th Squadron. (a) 22nd Fighter Division with Headquarters in Pardubice. 11 This Division had three regiments: the 4th and 18th Regiments stationed in Pardubice and the 3rd Regiment the actual strength of the 4th and loth Regiments was approximately the same as that of the 3rd Regiment. The Division CO was Lieutenant Colonel Kacer (fnu), (b) Altogether Czechoslovakia had five fighter divisions. The five divisions were stationed in Ceske Budejovice, Pardubice, Pilsen, Zatec (N 50-20, E 13-33). and Bratislava. The numerical designations of the five fighter divisions were 1, 2, 3, 5, and 22. With the exception of the 22nd Fighter Division in Pardubice, source did not know the exact location of each division. Three of the divisions were part of the PVOS and the remaining two divisions belonged to the Tactical Air 50X1-HUM Force. Since the beginningrof 1956 an additional fighter division i organized in Ca s a v (N 4- E 15-24). SECRET -3- (d) the fighter division located in 50X1-HUM 50X1-HUM of the many military vehicles ong the Vyakov- Brno-Prague highway. there was an exercise 50X1-HUM in the area of Karlovy Vary because the 42nd Fighter Bomber Regiment from Brno-Slatina left for that site on 21 September 1956. the entire Pilsen Fighter Diision v Lac ned at Line Airfield. ~ the 303ake Bu-1 Jovlce Division had two regiments in Ceske 3udejovice and one in Bechyne (N 49-18, E 14-29). The Zatec Division had regiments in Zatec and in the Mlada Military Area. The Bratislava Division had regiments in Bratislava, Presov, and irl Kosice. An unidentified bomber regiment in Frerov was equipped with IL-28's. The 45th Reconnaissance Regiment was stationed at the Fighter Bomber Regiment was Slatina Airfield. (1) An unidentified AA gun unit; unidentified tank unit; Border Guard training center; and an AA gun training center were located in Olombec. (2) The VTA (Military Technical Academy) and an unidentified engineering unit were located in Brno. (3) An unidentified tank unit and artillery unit were located in Vyskov (N 49-17, E 17-00). (4) An unidentified AA gun unit was stationed in the area between Kurim (N 49-18, E 16-32) and the Kninicaky Dam. (5) An unidentified artillery unit was located in Uherake Hradiste (N 49-04, E 17-27). exercise underway. service in Air Force units, tank units, and Border Guard units was reduced from three to two-ond-a-hall' years. Compulsory military service in all other military units was for two years. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/05/17: CIA-RDP81-00280R001300020022-3 SECRET -4- 6. For information regarding vehicular movement, see above pars. 3. unit was equipped with so-called 'li*ht anti-chemical and anti-atomic protective clothing, which was distributed to each unit member. in critical equipment: (e) In August 1955, each squadron 50X1-HUM was issued equipment for detecting nuclear contaminated area. (dosimeter). As of early spring 1956, 50X1-HUM (a) In early spring 1956, there was a plan in process which called for mechanics attached to Air Force units to be temporarily transferred to the aircraft factory in Vodochody to begin production of IL-14-type aircraft. (b) In April 1956. on occasion of an official meeting of officers the Division's gunnery officer, a captain, stated that the Soviets have the 50X1-HUM MIG-19 fighter plane, the top speed of which is about 1,800 km. per hour and the maximum altitude about 22,000 meters. He also stated that the MIG-19 is equipped with a radar-controlled gunaight. (c) The 32nd Fighter-Bomber Regiment in Brno-Slatina expected to receive new jet fighter planes to replace the standard B-33-type planes. According to remarks made by personnel of the 32nd Regiment, it appeared that the Air Force was attempting to dispose of many B-33 planes. They were not given careful treatment and some were being sold 50X1-HUM at a very low cost. 16. According to instructions issued to the entire Air Force in October 1955 concerning procedures to be followed in the event of an atomic alert, conventional-engine aircraft were to be removed from the airfield and distributed throughout the area at a distance of 3.5 to 4 km. from the airfield. Jet aircraft were to be taken 2.5 to 3 km. from the airfield. It was explained that the shorter distance for jet aircraft was satisfactory because their construction was superior to that of conventional aircraft. The regulation further called for the removal of all aircraft and units at a particular airfield with the exception of one squadron which had to remain on the airfield in combat readiness. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/05/17: CIA-RDP81-00280R001300020022-3 SECRET -5- ion to the radar located on I lairfield,~ two other radar stations, one of which was locate about 15 km. east of Pardubice on flat land in the direction of Dasice (N 50-02, E 15-55). The other station was 50X1-HUM located about ten km. south of Trebic (N 49-18, E 15-55). 20. An unidentified AA gun unit was posted in combat readiness on a hill in the Krenovice area about the km. south of the Brno-Vyskov highway about halfway between the two cities, the size of the unit to 50X1-HUM be two batteries. Personnel were billeted in wooden barracks there. creating: a shortage for her 50X1-HUM MIG-15's and MIG-15 bis' destined for were being assembled in a Vodochody aircraft factory Comment: probably Letov-II), where they were inspected by an technical commission. No 50X1-HUM further information. replied as follows to complaints that actual number of aircraft at the Regiment was far below the authorized number: "This is a result of the tense international situation. To win for the Communists,50X1-HUM Czechoslovakia Is selling her planes to E t thus only one, or, aLmaxiau ofrntarO, L?je~ p51aneb per six- month period. 50X1-HUM 3. Regiment of 40 planes (ca. 25 MIG-15's and 50X1-HUM of jet fu#l required the Regiment to cut its monthly flying hours from a total of 360 to a total of 40 for the months of June, July, and August 1956. Only 50,000 liters of jet fuel were allotted the Regiment each of these months. However, an adequate supply for September again ermitted flyiniz the 50X1-HUM e ue is produced only in the Pardubice Refinery, the former Fanto firm. 15 MIG-15 bis') normally averaged 360 flying hours monthly, i.e., two 45-hour flying days a week. An acute shortage 4. Shortly after the shooting down of an Israeli aircraft over Bulgaria, the following order was issued to the entire Czechoslovak Air Force: No foreign aircraft flying over Czechoslovak territory was to be fired on by Czechoslovak planes without a specific order from the Czechoslovak Air Force Commander-in-Chief. In no case were AA guns to be used. Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/05/17: CIA-RDP81-00280R001300020022-3 Additional Information 1. In a discussion at the end of January 1956 with several Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/05/17: CIA-RDP81-00280R001300020022-3 SECRET -6- . Officers I were informed of the January 50X1-HUM colliding with a Western propaganda balloon. 50X1-HUM did not know of any other plane-crash due to balloons. Indoctrination concerning balloons given to Air Force personnel always stated, in general, that the ballcona were not effective as a propaganda medium and that."their,, only value was to make.clothing from the balloon material. They were told that the crash was due to the plane crash of Czechoslovak airliner in the Tatra Mountains on occasion of the regular monthly briefing held at the end of each month regarding aircraft accidents in Czechoslovakia. the airliner crash was the feault 50X1-HUM Czechoslovak Air Force personnel were 50X1-HUM guns; firing was to be in short bursts starting at a distance of 400 meters and aircraft would take immediate evasive action.to avoid collision with the balloon. of collision with the balloon. Instructions for Czechoslovak campaigns against balloons were as foll?ws: Small balloons were to be knocked down by propellor or wing of an Arado-type aircraft or shot down by a jet plane. Large balloons were to be shot down by jet plane agree to anything pertaining to allegations regarding balloon hazards. situation because the`American planes"flew higher than 15,000 meters,which is about the maximum altitude of MIG-15: s, MIG-15 bis' and MIG-1 - .The last crossing of an"American plane" was 50X1-HUM in summer 1956 when aB-57 escorted by two unidentified planes crossed the Brno-Turany Airfield. Force personnel in Czechoslovakia thAt'American'aircraft crossed over Czechoslovakia at frequent intervals. II. Civil4Lan 50X1-HUM 3. There was a shortage of meat; during the last few months , however, the situation was not as acute as previously. This information pertains only to the Vyakov area. ., 50X1-HUM 6. Civilians were instructed in plants and offices on 50X1-HUM Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2011/05/17: CIA-RDP81-00280R001300020022-3