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August 16, 2013
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September 24, 1953
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Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 50X1 Y.? ? '' CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY INFORMATION REPORT This Document contains information affecting the Na- tional Defense of the United States. within the mean- ing of Title 18, Sections 729 and 794. of the U.S. Code. as amended. Its transmission or revelation of its contents to or receipt by an unauthorized person is prohibited by law. The reproduction of this form Is prohibited. 50X1 SECURITY INFORMATION COUNTRY USSR (Moscow Oblast) REP= SUBJECT Production at Zavod 393 at DATE DISTR. Krasnogorsk 24 September 1953 CW PAGES 31 DATE OF INFO. REQUIREMENT 50X1 PLACE ACQUIRED REFERENCES 50X1-HUM THE SOURCE EVALUATIONS IN THIS REPORT ARE DEFINITIVE. THE APPRAISAL OF CONTENT IS TENTATIVE. (FOR KEY SEE REVERSE) 50X1-HUM 1 2. Following are corrected spellings for some Russian names appearing in the report: Page 3 Para 2e and f: Photo Transformator Maliy should read Foto Transformator Maliy Page 3, Para 2e(3) and Page 4, Para 2g(3): TechesPort should iead Tekhnoeksport Page 8, Para 2w(1): Pribor Dlia Ktutiashtchich Momentov should read Pribor d1ya Krutyashchikh Momentov. Page 8; Para 3a: Zenith Should read Zenit Page 101 Para 3f: Semja should read Semya Page 23, Para 7a(9):'Keliber should read Kalibr Throughout the report, the term ZKB should probably read TsEB STATE #x ARMY _Ev #x NAVY #x AIR Ev ilic FBI AEC bST Ev T I (Note: Washington Distribution Indicated By "X"; Field Distribution By "*".) Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 50X1 OX1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140064-1 ? . 50X1 ' Sr.* COUNTRY SUBJECT ? PLACE ? ACQUIRED \ATE COUIRED *DATE OF 1 RET SFCIIRITEINPOQMATION USSR Production at Zavod 393 at Krasnogorsk THIS IS UNEVALUATED INFORMATION 50X1-HUM DATE DISTR.3M UG-.5:13 . Nib. OF PAGES 25 NO. OF ENCLS. 5 (LISTED BELOW) SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT NO. 4 .50X1-HUM ' 50X1-H UM 50X1-H UM CIPNERAL ? , 1.,.YroductiOn-of OPtleal enuiPment-wis-stopPed"in'the plant during World.Ver II. .1 ?*ben the'ficilitida-Wera-etiChated th"NaVoisibirilk.--Aftek-theivir, a small Ji part Ofthe"Seluiphsfit-viaa ketarhad'andiiidaUEtioh-kgain-Started;" In 1946.4-- II 1947-ihe-tattii% wad-nearly catIetilY-fUrfiiiihed"With-equipment fribm-the- Zaiis"Plaht iii-JahC-The-GefMin-speniiiistawere'utilized in the reOrgan- iiation-ahd"inaliilation arthe-miehiheSTahd-ifittitinirig.SOViet persebnal? iliproduCtie;n-Iiitheds:-With the. canCehtritioh of"Sothy Gorman -design ? s Scialista particularly in email cattle and-photegrimmetric instruments, he plaht ?May hue fahetioned-ISCI l -centra research and develop- . men or the entire SoViet'optical industry. Ibis IS borne nut-ifitir the establishment of the Central ExPerithental"and-Deveidpment Department - Z103? and the varieue research and design?tasks.that were accomplished ' there or under its supervision.. However, we German specialists were so restricted in our.movements throughout the plant area.from March 1949 until our repatriation that a comprehensive listing of optical production cannot be made. The listing of optical"products is"as follows: (1)" iteAs ins?alprodUction;.(2) items for which designs and one or two models for research and testing were made; and (3) items for which only the ? design VAS completed. OPTICAL ITEMS IN SERIAL PRODUCTION 2:" The. following optical items were in serial production at Zavod 393: Cl SECRET SECURITY INFORMATION Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09 : CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 ,.?.?... SECRET -2- A.- Camera "Zorky" .(1) Nagative'siZe 24 k 36 MillimeteiSs.With variOue lenses, generally one 6! five'foeal length. This camera formerly Was designated "FED". . . (2) The "Zarky" correSponda'in general-With.the-Leica IIc ef the peried1L940.te 1944. The Design Seetion of Workshop #36-tae dedighed verieua-tasks-of.Moderniiationicand - attaohthente-Ser the-666ra.. "inellided'were'deeigne of improVed timing.units'for:the Shutter, detachable beak for ground glass focuding, and adaptation'to-micre-phOtegraphy. Thisbe hddernizationd-and adaptations were not in serial production at. the end of 1951. ? PrOduotion Of the'"Zorky" twas-aPPraitinititelY 400 cameras Per month during 1951. Sale price of a standard model with an Industar lens 1g3.5/5 centimeters was approxi- mately 1000 rubles. (3) 50X1 b. Camera "Moscow II" ? (1) Negative size 6? 9 centimeters, with 10.5 centiieter - focal length lens. , (2) This camera corresPonds to the ZeieS Supeicakente of 19404.944,4ith-the addition of a COUpIed range finder. A modification of. the "Moscow II" was made in 1951." The shape, negative sizes:lens and shutter remained the same; however, the camera was designed for film plate rather thin roll film une. Designation of the modified camera was "Moscow III". (3) Prodtatien Of the "Ubseow II" 'was approkithetely 200 eiMirad Per Month -during 1951. The sale price was approx- imately 700 rubleS. . Repaired captured German aerial cameras (1), ?A number of Zeman aerial cameras Were brought to the plant for overhauling And repair for use by the Soviet Air Force. . These cameras were the following types: - , - (a) Zeied Rb 20/30 (Soviet designation AFA 33/20) (b) Zeiss Rb 50/30 (Soviet designation AFA 33/50) (c) Zeiss Rb 75/30 (Soviet designation AFA 33/75) No essential changes were made in the cameras. Cameras Were adjusted'for operation in low temperatures to -60? C. A cold-test chamber was used?for this purpose. No German apecialistsiwere utilized for this testing; however, several of the German specialists were engaged in the and'iepair. .The cameras were painted with silver-bronze (Aluminum) paint before shipment from the plant. , . Approximately 20 to 30 cameras were repaired per month Until 1950, when a Soviet designed aerial camera was 50X1-HUM pladed in produCtion. s that were repaired woes Rb 20/30 and Rb 50/30 pre- dominated. (2) (3) SECRET ? Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 SECRET -3- d. Aerial camera (Soviet type designation unknown to la, ? ) The camera is probably a reconnaissance camera, either 18 x 18 centimeter:4 or 18 x 24 tentimeterd'negative size tithlens focal length between 30 to 50 centimeters. There iris no similar German aerial camera. The exterior foreat'reseMbled either a Fairchild or Williamson Vie camera. Technical details are unknown to me since develop- ment Of the camera was accomplished by'the-Soviets-without German specialist participation. The-cameri was Operated by an electrie driva motor and with an intervalometer. Filffi frattenirigtas accomplished 'by a glass pressure plate ih the-filth'magaiiiie; The Camera may have been installed in some type of stabilized mount. (3) Preductien.ef:the eaheri began organization of pir-ionth-were'predneed during began, German specialists were Workshop #13. dhring 1950 after' ApprOximatelY:20 Cameras 1951. When production no longer allowed in. e. Photo rectifier -. FIB (Photo Transformator Bolshoy) (3) the photo,rectifier'--FTB'was identioel to-the Zeiss - rectifier:model/SEG-1 that was produced during 1940-1 944. The onlyeliner differences betWeen the Zeibs4roduced instruments and the Soviet precinct ets'in the Substitution Ortluminum alloye for sane' of the'paite.,.the Use of'mer- oUry thpor'lampa'for iiluMination, and ridesignition of the'lens name'from DAGOR to LUCE (light'ray). Production started in 'the middle'ef'1947 from parts that had bien'previoiu3lfordered and Produced at Zeiss, Jena, The-first'production Series wab cOmpleted-during the last haltof-1947-ihd-the firtt7half-of'1948 ind-aonsisted-of' 15-20' instruments;- A-Second serieelWas-started'hy the Sevietewith'an unchanged design,-bat using' parts made in the plint.' lOtal'prodection'untirthe end of 1951 iliatimited-to-be"APPrazithiteiy-50 ihstiuMents.- The . Sefiet'Air-Feree-ippeired-to'be-the'prinC3Paldeer'o thehe'inetrubente:?At-the ene-Of'1952IteChnicil-Paenhiets deboribitig-thie instrtment'were'distributedby. the SOtiet eXPert-ageneY uteehexportne Copies of these pamphlets were seen in Jena. f. Photo: rectifier - FTM (Photo TransformatOr Mali') (1) The photo rectifier FTM was identical to the Zeiss reetifier-model-SEG-TV that was produced during the period 1940-1944.. ? , . - (2) Minor differences were the substitution of aluminum 'allele for some of, the use of mercury vapor lamps for illumination, and the redesignation of the lets tame from pAGOR to LUCE (light ray). SECRET Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 50X1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 SECRET -4- , 50X1 (3) Production. Started in the middle of 1947 with parts pre- Viotsly oi'dered-and produced at Zeiees.jena." A serial prodUation of approximately 15-inetrukehts vialticeompliehed during the last half of 1947 and the first half of 1948. There io no information concerning further production. It is anumed that no additional instruments *ere produced since the photo rectifier - FTB was preferred. g. Stereocomparator SK (1). The-Steraboomparater SK WAS identiail with the Zeiss - ? etereocamparator model Es 18 x 18 centimeter picture size. . _ 0 ' (2) A-Vitiatiorlin-the-optioal aysteM-Fter-eight disinters Maghificatiofi instead -Of the oiiginarideeigh-Of four dia- ? ndteis wiS??litedi heiveirof,-the-new Optioal system was not incorporated in any serial production. ?Ft:auctionwas started-during the Middle-of 194741th pelt/3 thit-hedteen-preii0usiY brdei4ed and produced at Zeiss, Jees.--Approkinate/y 1540 instruients *era completed during -the-lest-half Of 1948 and in-1949. -A-Secondwas completed after -1949. Total'preduCtion by the end of 1951 is estinated Mt-approximately 40.insti,uments. At the end of 1952; tech- nidal pamphlets describing the SteraboOmparitor SK were ? distributed by the Soviet Export Agency tilechexportic Copies ? of this pamphlet were seen in Jena. it. Stereoplanigraph (1) The stereoplanigraph was, except fol' the designation, identioal tithe Zelda stereoplanigraph-model 0/5, with ? intiitated meaeurbig.malifelthat-Which was inrodliOed-during 1940-1945; No-chingee-ifi-Modhaniaal or-opticii design ? wets Made.- ThicohlyVeriatieh.was the redesignation of the Topogon lens name to Orion. (2) Productien 'Started near the'ehd of-1947 With its pre- viouily-Ohiered mW producedat Zeiss, Jena. Estimated production by the end of 1952 Was eight-ten units. i. Small Autograph' (1) The small autograrth.was identical with the Zeiss Small autograph model C/3, (2) ImprOvemeht:was Made-on the'dentral?susponsion bearing Mk the-Spacial ruler. This modification was designed by ? the'Canianapecialistb in SKE-3 and WAS beeed'on experi- mental model tests conducted in Jena during 1945-1946. These tests had shown that the central suspension bearing was not stable enough. It was also suggested that the optical system be modified primarily for a better distri- bution of light to both images and better illumination of the measuring marks. These suggested improvements were not incorporated in any production. Fri:auctionwas started near the end of 1947 with parts. that had been previously ordered and produced at Zeiss, Jena, It is .estimated that five-six instruments were completed by the end of 1951. (3) (3) SECRET Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 - ? SECRET -5- j. Photetheodolite standard precision type (1) This phototheodolite was identicalto the Zeids photo- " theodolite, Model TAN, 13 x 18 centimeters negative size. (2) No modification or changes were designed or made. . ? " ...... . _ (3) Preduotibh btarted-dUrin.e."948-and:Coritinued-intO:1949 ? ilth Pirte-from-aehl: -APpreociiately 10-12 instruments were completed at the end of 1951. k. Photothebdolite lightweight (1) This phototheodolite corresponds with the Zeiss light *Sight Ohetotheodolite, model TAF, 13 x 18 centimeters negative size. (2) Ihe Zeiss model TAF was based on a design by Prof. FINSTER- WALDER'and incorporated a closed bag film magazine.. .No cfianges or modifications were made by the 'Soviets. . . (3) Production of's small number of instruments wis begun in 19491however the number and total production at the end ? 'of 1951 is unknoin to me. ? 1. Phototheodolite, wide angle type . . _ 50X1 , This instrument corresponds with the Zeiss phototheodolite, model TAL, 6-1/2 x,9 Centimeter 'negative size) and incor- porating the Zeiss Topogon lens. Inc) or-three'iribemplete inbtrUments were brought from jena50X1-HUM incl-Were-COMOlated-ih.the bIi?tI in: Rangefinders and gunsights for tanks (1) A-fe*-orthe-German-apeeialists aholiad formerly worked . ?.in the design of suCh items at Zeies0.jena, were-probably empibytd-in the plant in similar design -and experinientition . in-cbnjunotion'irith 2103 -and Werkshep #I41; Particulars of their activities in reaccarch and design ire not known the 'plant had facilitieriltor_thm_nroduction of rangefinders and gunsights for tanks n. Antiairoraft fire oontrol devices. (1). Although and Demons several captured German units-in the Die ra On Section of SK8-1 and SEE-2, serial production was accomplished in ? ' 50X1-HUM 50X1-HUM 50X1-HUM 50X1-HUM. 50X1-HUM, 50X1-HUM , is plant. 50X1-HUM (2) Several icicle's of Askania kinotheodolites were repairicl'in the plant; however these instruments were 50X1-HUM Used-in recording instruments and not as antiaircraft fire control.uniti.. SECRET . Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 SECRET -6- o. Photo coils (1) Riseirch and eipetimehiatia briiiriets tYpes of :photo cells.was.accomplished.- Technical:detailifete unknown but bendiderible research had been done with special types for infra red. . _ - - 50X1 ? 50X1-HUM 50X1-HUM (2) Production waii:aceemplished in the-Photo Cell Laboratory,. ZKB itter-1947,-Ohanitfthe Pheto-Ceil LiberatetY,WOrkshOp. #36-dtring-afid'aftef1950:: Estimated-total ptbduCtion:from 1947-t6-the-end Of-195rwas 200-100 cells. The types of cells are unknown 50X1-HUM ? p. Optical anglemeter _ . The Soviet optical anglemeter was similar to the Zeiss model. _ _ __ _ 50X1-HUM y Productiod-dtakted-in 1947:bk'a gtOuP of -Getman specialists ? (PDNFACE ind-otbeis)'and Stoped hoer:the:end of 1948. 400-600 units were produced. q. Motion picture camera, 16 millimeter (1) (2) ( ) 50X1-HUM The.externariPpeitance.of this camera was's. kidney-shaped ease iith.tUrret and three lensed, a holdinelandlofaitened to-the bottbt-of the'ease",..Aprifig'iVeund iotor-Operation,:and With vierfindef-ledated on the-oide.-,The-external appear- ance-was Similar to the Bell and Howell, model DA-70 from 1941-1945. This cimera'had-been designed-fat film reporting, i.e., news and documentary photography. reduction Of :the Cif/eta tie iripeogreeelh a'dection af WorkshoP #13-Upoar-the Artivel-erthe-Gernan speCitlists ? 1947. Approximately 10 cameras per month were produced. . . _ _ _ r., Recording camera, 16 millimeter (Soviet designation unknown to me.) (1) This Cineri-was-a Copy-of-I Sionite recording camera which had been tided IP Germany in-connectionwith kinotheiOdolite equipment for antiaircraft fire control unit testing. . . . _ (2) Diewings?weit made in the-Design Section, Watkshop #36; during 195041-from A camera that was nade'aiailable as a model. 'WO dhanges.were made from the camera. This camera was eleetticalIk operated and could be installed for auto- natio operation. (3) Two series of production'of'20 -25 cameras were produced in Workshop #36, during 19501951. 50X1-HUM , a. Askania.kinotheodOlites (1) A nuttier; of captured Askania kinotheodolites, models Gtkr.3, Gtk-40, and Kth-41, were brought into the plant for repair and overhauling with attempts of modifidation to meet ' specific requirements. Mechanical parts and tolerances SECRET Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09 : CIA-RDP81-010301R000100140004-1 ; ' , ? - SECRET -7- were-cheeked for operation in cold temperature to 40? C. Optioarelekents-were-receiented.withe Sefter-Canidian balsath.-EIdetridel'heeting units were installed inside the kilotheodolite units. . _ . . . (2) An additional.Soviet-reilairedient-wee-to increaSe-the phete' cycle from four to ten frames per Second.. .This Ment-was.partially-edhievedbY alteration Of.the-ShUtter', SySteilahd-eivitOhing-filaye-iii-the-CmMeta-Sedhahism-:- Cili? rated-ngte-seien-fretheirpor seconflere-obtained. but the results were not constant and the Original four frames per second were retained. p ) All Models were preferred with,long;focal length lenses . (60 centimeters); and without the electrical sellyn system. One-iristrument-was.equipped with.a Mirror ty$. objeotiie lenisTof 100.centimoter focal length. This.*s...presumed to-be'Sovisitidesigned'ind prechiced.: The 'preference and linifecallength lendes. and-the-laek-Ofelectrical Conneeting SWATS led-to-the'beiief that that, kinetheo- deliten'avre to be-Used:in achjUnctiOn-mith rocket firing or other high flying experimental objects. . . . . No'new preddction.wae undertaken on these Askania kino- theOdolites.: OnWrepair and Checking Of the units Wan': ? accoMpliehed: :ACCesecries, sUbh de'tihe recording Units' switchin w.t? rAPprokimetely 30 kinothebdolitei-(Atikania- 1 Ethr-41) were repaired in.WOrkshop #36 by the end of 195i. , . !lootric,motorsi.EUES. (X) PtOductien'ora'sMall-electrical meter; deeignated WES, mii.ititted-in the ElectriCalliberitork.andlledhanieel .SeCtion.. W31+8E41456; ifi-i6Oordence4ith Sbiit specifi- cations. TWO types of motors were built; One tetor:was tor operation with 24 volte direct current. Technical details of the motor are unknown to me. _ . . (2) The electric motors were built on order from Workshop #13 And it ie. poisible the motors may have been used in the eamere-predliction.. Such production May-indicate diffi- culties in the supply of electrical parts from other plants. (3)' NOtor.produCtion was.continned until the beginningof:195i.: Estimated total output was approximately' 200-250 motors. After_the departure of the 0erman'specialietis4nJaniiry 1952.1Orkshop #36'was'reorganized to serve as an assembly shop for the, electric motors. _ . -u. PhOpegraphiC enlargers U-1, 11-2 r. These two unite-were.Soviet designed*d.developectas 4keeesories for the 'tt2Orkyn and nliescineTIn Cameras. ? Thine were simple instruments without automatic or special .featnree. . approximately, 50 units were produced per., (2)' .4 Month. . 50X1 50X1-H U 50X1 -HUM Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy A proved for Release 2013/09/09 CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 . SECRET -8- 50X1 4. Film reader for microfilm documentation _ _ . :-(1) The filth reader WAS similar to an older.Gerhie Model. It was developed and produced without Certain Speeialist help. It 'Contained a'ilatte glaisTreeding plane-in desk stand form. With two Metal dears to cover the reeding plate when not in use. Ideas incorporated.were'not new, only-Abe . (Ord of the reader h:d m the?Geriin . ? model. 50X1-HUM _ Production Of the film reader was accomPlished.during194750X1-HUM 19U9 With approximately'20 per "Month complited. -Itt 1949.. the,Oroductionrwae reduced or even stannAA 1. De4iee for measuring torsion moment (1). This device was probably a Soviet Aiirifirrt 50X1-HUM The Soviet deeigna- N-tion ror the?device was PKM (Pribor DlialtrUtikehtchich IhEinstruMent-wairased fei'measuring the force jeiodieery'forAhWoPeration Of revolving parts in aerial .i?camerasvprimaray for testing and inspection operations. ?The:format ofthe'inetrument was eseentiaili a box approki- ..? ,)liately 25-05 x-40 Oefitihetera'whIeh'Wailfallfehelosed.- ...Keyi-ieflttiehihg-inetritiant-te-daiera parte-Were provided. ? caeieril-rafiges'efisairaring-ibaies-Were-tilieddhe-Umdt ? Wia-eledtricalIy-OPerated With-en-dieetYie-thotek-draiing ..,.gear train.. 'It-Contained-a built-inheatihg Uhit.that illowed-for.OPeration Onder-field-canditinnA -nr? -f;n1A ? ? 'tat Chambers.- 50X1-HUM .) (3) SeVeral small series of this instrument were produced in . WarkshOP #36 during 1949-1950. Approximately 50 units were produced and delivered to the Soviet Air Force. . PRODUCTION MCDRAWINGS AND MODELS FOR RESEARCH AND TESTING 3.' production of drawings and models for-research and testing the Geriah-spOdialists"we4utilized to complete, or revise existing drawings and current. projects that had been undertaken e or two models for. further testing were donstructa 50X1 -HUM adequate ficilities.existed in the plant for their production. . AL Camera nenithn . , (1) Negative size 2l x 36 millimeters. (2) The-deeign of the flenithn was similar in appearance to the AonteX-S.' It incorporated some parts that-Were' originally . ? -doeigned-fortlie.n2orkyll'. It is.a.Mirror reflex type camera ineorperating i'aplit image viewfinder:led focusing of. the eyePioCefor various eyes. The Camera case Was fitted With a 'detaehable:back.. . Several variations ih the shape of the ? bax.were madelhowever, the mechanical. and optical parts. remained almost unchanged. SECRET Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 ? : ? SECRET -9- (9) Design and model production.oflhe nehithb was started in 1948 end carried on through 1949..*Thiee.sakple7mO4els mere proddeed in-the-Neehanceal Seetion'Ororkihop.#36.:" It was believed that One-of-the cameras VAS intended as gift for Stalints 70th birthday. 50X1 b. Accessories for the camera norky" . . . . _ (1) The Datil Thee; WerkShop #361deeigned-dedoSebries ter the'nerkyb-camera basing theTdeeigns en-abodboorrequip- Ment-for"Leida-and-Cehtei eimeris;--The-pUrpeee-of this - desith effort-apPeared-to be.the-adePtation-arthe norkyb. for'itiehtifie purPOSee: -Ineladed ih the-design were attach- ments -ter Micrephetegrai54;-ektenalon-tublifer close-up photo- grephai, aid aprintiht device for-makinkTOOSitive slides. No new ideas were incorporated in the design... (2). One or two models were made in the-workshops.of Workshep #36. c. Stereo equipment for camera norkyb . . . (1) Tee Stereo attaahmehts-ifiebrp*Orating-prisfie were-Oemputed? . by-Dr.-TIEDEKEM. -One-eterde ettaohthent:With-a.base of --. aPProximately 65-Millimeters.was designed for.thretandard lend Vaulter 1:3.5/50 millimeter. The other Stereo attach, ' hent-withe'base-of approximately 80 millimeters was designed fer'the lens Sonnar 1:2.8/50 millimeters. The attachments reSembled the etereo"attadhment for the Leis& camera and ? utilized that same-principle-Of eohitriging optical axis and total reflection from the prism' surfaces'. ' Images were reproduced approximately 17 it 23 millimeters (single frame); On the 24 x36 Millimeter negative size. (2) A stereo'viewer.was deeigned fer.viewing of the photographs'? : taken With the two sterea'attichinente. produced.. oehtainifiethe 91(12 aontiMetere."' The-Vieeer-coheieteflesentially of a-lens type stereoscope -that could be either hand held or placed on a table. Special printing was not?tequiredj reversing-Of the- iMagea-for stereo viewing was accomplished in the viewing device.. d. 'Testing and measuring instruments for use in camera production . _ (1) For use on the norkyb camera . (a) Instruments for measuring theldistance froth the lens mounting ring to the film (negative) plane.. _ (b) InStrumefit for measaring.the distance-between?the lehd)nounting Shoulder and:the focal point Of the lehe;: The principle of the instrument is unknown tome. ) Device to aid in the assembly of the focal plane shutter. (2) For use on the "Moskva I/b camera , (a) Instrument for testing of the range finder. SECRET Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09 : CIA-RDP81-01030R060100140004-1 ^ (3) SECRET -10- '(b) Instrument far testing-speeds of betvieen-the-lens shutter: ' The ihstrUMent- uded a light Source-with toaeuring-.4cOOMPlifshed by a photo electric cell with a tolerance indicator. For use on the "Zenith" camera (a) Instrument for' the adjilitMent Of the. reflex mirror to ' issure-the-prOper- diatande" flat' the film ( nega- tive ) plane and the focusing. plane. (4) Seal Ouahtitiee Or' theie inetrUmehts-were produced for use, Within the plant: f Or -testing:, and. aid in .isseMbly, of the-eamerafi 'in-prodUotioni- It "is' troubled that any addi- tional'production was undertaken f or export to other plants. -e. Automatic camera' . (1) Negatiie size 24 x 24 millimeters. (2) . This. cetera ie similar in form and elements to the nRobOtw, but is not a copy of it. to Camera tiSomjaP 50X1-H UM- ither 6 x 6 centimeters, or 6.x 9 centimeters. (1) negative size. is _ _ . . _ _ 50X1-HUM (2) The teeign Offied;"176fkahop #36;: *a?Ordered: to develop a- 'She 4; stet - pleture ilia -daMera- for. the SOViet merle t, The Price rah.' . Of the-eaMete'llai-net-In ?eed 300 .? rubles. Panorama camera "Tekarevn 50X1 s.: 50X1-H UM (1) The 'negative was reproduced on 35 millimeter width film: . ThiS- 'umbra' utilized' a five-centimeter! Gael -length lens Mounted in a rotating mechanism to cover approximately 1500.. _ . (2) The box was approximately 50 x 80 x 100 Millimeters,in . size. The lens we's mounted in a rotating cone with a Slit type diaphragit for the focal plane. the lens meth,- anism was. spring, operated and could be set for two speeds. The film. plane was curved to etc ommodate the curved field of presentation of the stinging lens. The box also. incor- porated a tuiltt-in small, circular bubble level. ? (3) An experimental model had been previously built by TOKAREV, a -Soviet inventor, but the model did not prove, successful bedadie.ef *441(54d- technical difficulties, ,particularly in themechanical operation. The Deeign SectionOrorkshop #36, was given the task of redesigning the Camera and. eliminating all the weak point's. The Germans working on the redesigning were somewhat surprised that such a task should be undertaken since the design was basically very old and had been super- seded by many newer and improved paromaric cameras. SECRET Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 SECRET -11- h. Color photograph printer,nMultiplicatoru (1) Thie wee a-direCt-661-* it the color berrectieh-prihter that-hadlieen predueedliY-the-AGFA.caiefa-plefit during-. 1942=i945.?A.slight-medifidation of the optical system was made with the aid of Dr. TIEDEKEN.' (2) Oniimoderwas conatiucted'in the-Soviet workshops without the aid of the German specialists. i. Enlarger _ . . Desi*ned.fer'negatiVe-iize, 13 x l8,centimeters With 040 enlargingratio.of.approxiiateiY.271/2.diameters. . ?...? ?? . . (1) 50X1 (2) The enlarger Web used-in sitoritontal Position (horizontal axis). The lamp housing and negative carrier were cobled by a blower .system. ? (3) The enlarger Was developed by the Sovietstwith,the.aid of Dr..TIEDEEEN'in the illumination robleml.? The purpose., orthe'ehiarger"is-unknewn but-iiith-the?13 x 18 50X1-HUM: centimetet'negative'size and a fixed enlarging ratio at 2;1/2 diameters it iS-presuMed thet the enlarger would be-Utilipid-With a camera or photo-theodolite of that ? ?? negative.size. ' . ? . ? I ' ? . ' , ' ? . a Projector "Aero-Multiplexu ? .? ? ? .? ? ? , ?, ? (1) The development of the "Aero-Multiplex n was originally aesigned-tO Miss, jeniiih 1946 by'the-Setiet-Plent. Adiinietration:7.,The-doSign-Of-the Projector *is niarlY"- adiplotedathe'tithe'of onldePortatien-and'Of the dis- Mantling-of-the plefit. 'Prolinetien-of-paiti foffiVe.-or ? Six expetiI?t?units had been started and were taken to Kraanogersk.. ? ._.._... _ 12)" The-Prejecteir Unit was designed for use with the Soviet Caiira utilizing the RUesii-70 killiieter-focal length line.--Thie-Unit Order'thit-three pro- otOte.oeuId'be'llied ite d'Unit, or-tiro-Chite-orthree projeCtOrS'eabh'ebald'be cenpled'and-Used. Units were, dieignedleifittirg-into packing.cases.that tould:be raegilor transported either by air or by truck. . (3) 'The prOjectecr Unit :Was very similar in design to the Zeiss Multiplex. Modifications made include: . (a) .ProjectiOn lens - Russet. 1:10/20 millimeters (approximately) (b) :Angle of field oilers .122? , . ? . . . , (c)' Illeminatien is'providedbY a 50.,witt'bulb through ,a condenser unit. The condenser unit, consists of: twojePherical lenses with, a heat absorbing. filter..; (d) StereosCopic Viewing is accomplished by use of ana- glyphic filters (red and '9en)., ? A Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 SECRET -12- ' (e) Diapositive size is approximately 6o x.60 millimeters. Cr) (g) A small tracing -(plotting) table that-Cafibe tilted. fer-dadier'orientation in the rear part of the . instrument. ' A pantograph was table and ? could be ukid-fer enlarged-or-roduced.drewing. The area of-doierage of pantograph was half of the stereo area of the projections. 0.0 A-diapositive. Printer ivaiCalso develOped. Thieprinterhad. an adjustable reduction ratio up to approximately three diameters., the printer could be used for reproduction of print& when negatives were not available. Negative size .Th/of,the printer was 18 x 18 centimeters, ? .? ? Little effort was expended on the production of the experie ? 4. mental models during 1947 and 29148;. however, the effort, was =Menai aCcelerated during,1949-at-Considerable difficulties' ? mere'enceinitered in the-len/mounting and adjustment of the Russar lens. Therefore, only three experimental models ? were Completed in 1950. In the falref-1949.1an emPloyee of the State Optical Inetitutejeningrad,Was:giVen a. . Stalin Prize for thedevelopment of A Soviet multiplex. projeetor:. 'It the.Cerman specialists that fUrther eiperimentaIWOrk-wms carried-Out-in the State OpeiCallnititUte-hased on the-driWingiand resulta that-. tyre etarted-in-jena'and; therefore; were-fUrther advanced.. than the developments carried out at Krasnogorsk. . _ . . ? (6) SinCe-the-projeater was Ao-fUlliaeiielopecrat-Leningrad, it-ippearid-dOatfUl that PredUetion of the instrument would be carried out at Krasnogorsk. ic. Blink or flicker comparator for astronomical usage f5) 50X1 The deVelaphent and aonstruction of one experimental model wia-e6Oompliihed upon the assignment from the Academy of Soience; Moscor. Development was performed in the Design. SeCtion; WOrkshoP #36, and the construction was done in the Photogrammetric Section, Workshop #13. (2) The instrument was a combined interpretation and measuring ' device. Diapoiitives on glass plates up to 25 x 25 centi- meters Could be accommodated in the instrument. .Diaposi- tites were held in the horizontal position.. Readings of . the plate coordinates scales to an interv4.sof.0.02 milli- meters.. Micrometer readings of parallax in the two coordinate directions to 0.002 millimeters. Eye oculars of six diameters ? and 10 dieneters.magnification were provided. An eye ocular micrometer for two direction meaeurement and rotation .for engUlar'neaeureient.iiis proiided. -The smilleirreeding on the micrometer was 0.001 millimeters. . . . (3) The blink Or flioker device consisted of a scissors-type shutter for each eye ocular.that'oPerated by.. either hand or toet'and allowed the operator to view the . diapositives independently or together. . SECRET Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 SECRET -13- (4) Striae this instrument was apParentlY-Ifdeked-fer-a-spooial- iied-Uaelit is believed that no.further-productiOn was undertaken. 14 Glossy drum print dryer 1 (1) The deeign of the print .dryer Was based on a similar dryer manufietUred-by'Odreter, SehmeChtehhagens-heir Berlin.. The'desitn.was coMpleted-InT947-ind-Oneffiede1-was-ceitp1eted in-1949-41950: Parts were completed in Workshop #36 and Workshop #14. ? . . . (2) The dryer had a dast'iron frame approximately two meters high with in electrically heated drum approkimately 80 centimeters in diameter. The a Sell' - electric Moter.--The drum Was glossy surfabed. Photographs Up to-50-CentiMeters in width cbuld be dried: The capacity of the dryer was approximately 300 prints, 50 x 50 centi- meter size, per hour. 111. SOD Instrument - photogrammetric measuring instrument (Devine) (See the first sketch gnclosure (A.17 SOD Instrument) (1) 50X1 The-Seheie-ter this instrument was based on-the-Diiille. . aeooligiehe iii.I948-ahd-theprodUotion'of OrindiPle-afid Modified Dr. DROBISHErs. Thtdesigh *irk 50X1-HUM' ono eitper itieritar Model-tie- ?bigoted II WarkehoP-#14.. The-inetruMentted.doiikhed for point by point measuring frar oblique photographs. (2) The batediMeneiont of-the-iiistrameilt were approiimately I 50 M60 ceitimihmsithe instrument-could-be piaced.oh an Ordinary The dedcription-and"operatiOn-Orthe instr?zi?tS airfollOWS: ?(bithere in"Parentheeitindi- bate4cOmplete-Unit; other numbers a 'Show parts-Of-the? ThIlintoular'obeeritetioh-iyetem (1) is arranged ? in a box form housing containing the essential elements cOnsieting of two mirrors, 1, which could be rotated on'a vertical axis; therfocusing devices,'2; measuring marks, 3; and the eye Pieces,. 4. The picture carrying system (2) consisted of the picture holder, 1, picture size 18 x 18 centimeters, with rotation and adjustment for various focal length lenses (range 20 to 30 centimeters) in the taking cameras; mirrors; 2, with vertical axis for rota- tion in and out of the viewing plane. This mirror can be a half-coated mirror and thus non-rotated; howeVer,.. it was virtually impossible to so thinly coat a mirror: Therefore, a normal reflecting mirror waeused. The . pictures are. illuminated by reflectors, 3. The observation system (1) and the picture carrying system . . ? (2) and (3) are. mcunted an bearing_columns,(6) and (7) and thlis-iie. briehtited"on.i horizontal Akis. Through thid anangementifhe picture carrying systems can be rotated separately-or together for ariefitetia thrall-IVthe tilt ingleOmegi.(W).. .Stereoscopie 'Setting af.the points on the pictures is accotpliehed:thrOugh.rbtation-of the tilt angle-Beta.(R)of the Observation systeM and rotation. - through the angle Alpha (d) of the mirrors (1) 1. Focusing SECRET Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09 CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 - , 4 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 SECRET in-done by hand on the focusing unit (1)-2. EaCh piature eirrier-Oah-bi adjUsted-indiifidualIy te-decomkedate'tilt and'sWing-and-miiibr-chanteY1ff I ?e. Thie-adjilet;-- ment'id accOmplished-throUgh'the-movement F.--The'appareht pieture plane and angle of viewing is shown by the broken line and the angle Fe (f). The Oress-elide-eystelfor thel and'rceerditates Was after-tad-On-a be-Se-prate and plettihg-Pline-(9)-Which could be-rotited'On-theala-(6)-.''AdjUStmeht-Ofthe-batie plate - and: the picture carrying Units enabled dbeolute Orientation orthe'Pietifree..--A-vertibal lihe-On-a ihall- sereen-con-' stitutod'a Meaearing-rod fer'the'Point'determination (5). This unit.Waa'attichod tilthe-rdderdinate-alide. Combined With the measuring rod was the Protting marker.' Movement or the.' and Y coordinates was done with the handle (10). MoveMent in the T-directiOn *?by direct sliding of the unit.- Morentent in the 1 direetion'wai aCcompiiehed by tinting of the-handle which in Writ rotated an endless belt which moved the measuring rod. 50X1 Mokeureients on the inatrument reaulted in only the plani- ietrie COordinitee-rand.r OrpOint'deteriihation. 'Individual POihte-te-be-diterinined'on-the-pieturee'Were-itet-ateree adOpidaIly by-adjastment-orthe observation System; pieturp carrYingi-systam and the-plotting plane. When the correct OrientatiOn'was completed, the Mitt/T.(2) 21.are rotated allowing .a free 'view of the'meieuring'rod-(5). The measuring rod ie bfodiht-into sterboacOpic'eoinCidenee'Mith the images at the tedsUrinemarke in the obaeriatiOn'sYstem through ' adjubtMant Of-thelE end-Y coOrdinate'systet. When 'adjusted, the-planitetrid positiOh'is'regiatered-Wit plotting marker attabhed tOthe'measUring red,'Thil-Oeration is repeated for each point that is to be determined. 1 .1 50X1-HUM the' instrumentdid not Preeent a very 'success- 11 fUrsOlutibh tO the Probiei-ef meaeuring fibm'Obliolue phbto- graphs. The measuring process is cumbersome and indonvenient and the system of picture carriers and observation stereoecope were so arranged in such a narrow and limited apace that ad- justment appeared to be difficult and may not have been stable. The base distance between the mirrord in the Observation- system could not be changed, thus the point determination was'dOne in an unknown scale which had to be computed later. m. Test collimator for aerial cameras (1) Tyre test-Oollihatora were developed, one With 1-1/2 meter feeal'length and the other with a three'meter fodal length. One Model Of the three meter focal' length was halt in ' ? ' Workshop #36. No new ideas were incorporated in the design of the instruments. 50X1-HUM (2) The unit that was constructed consisted of a cast iron frame that was mounted on concrete columns with vibration (shock) absorbing mounts. The collimator unit was mounted on the SECRET ;?....??hte? ? ? le.>..f.? ? Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 _ ' . ? - . . . . Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 SECRET cast iron frame. The collimator consisted of 'a lamp ' houeing with ibtatifig.fiitek turret and-interehanteable teat-plaid:3a and gid a; and cellitator'lene-syeteM. The Camera mount was adjustable for rotation of the camera around its axis and for horizontal movement and centering of the camera. The adjuStable mount would accommodate various types of cameras. o. Infrared guidance system (1) Durink'World War II, Zeiss, Jena, had developed an infrared gaidenOe'dyetem named IIJUNO". The Soviet Plant AdMinisa tration ordered furtherreaaareh and develeptent of'thit. project prior to the'dismantling'of the-plant in 1946, ? particularly in the dompletion of blueprints and models. ? The project was not coMpleted at the tiSe Of deportation: . WO the teak was asSigned-te the'MiliterIlliStruments Group. in 5KB-3. IUNGE was in charge of this group. (2) Ofie'diperimental"MOSel-May belie been'bialt-ih'ihe-ElectrO Libeketork,-WOrkshOp-#36;'Ufider-theroUperViaion' of BLUME. Details of the experimentation or ?development are unknown to me. 50X1-HUM ? _ 14 "Black Body!' radiator for long wave temperature radiation: ' ? (1) the unit was a Standard long wavejheat) taiperature radiation unit to be used for laboratory work. (2) Two types were constructed; ohe for laboratory use and one for use in -SeVeral-units-oreach type were constructed in Workshop #36 during 1950.. _ _ _ q. Laboratory instruments (1) Various test instruments, such as collimators, optical beilehailitofiecrotators and accessories fok standard lab- oratory equipMentirerd-ordered and-bait'for-thelabera; teriee of ZKB. -Meet-of-these instruments were worked On' by-the'Debigh-OrOup beaded byROMER'in-VAB-and'laterhy the Design Office; Workehop-#36.--One or-tlio Units, as needed,-were.buiit in the sections of Workshop #14 and Workshop #36. . _ _ (2) Sii-Units of a collimator Of 1950 Centimeter focal length, complete with lamp housing and aCcessoriess-were built'ent. delivered probably to the University 'of Mode*. This Sin- Motor was of standard design. MI6 was thirenly item con- structed and delivered out of the plant area. r. (1) It appeared to the German specialists that the plant had . attempted te redeeign the Askania kinotheodolite model Otk-10/20 and to prepare for serial prOduction of the redesigned model. During the first part of 1951, the redesign task was given to the DesignSsction Workshop #36. An incomplete, partially disassembled unit SECRET 50X1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 Declassified in Part :ar:iiti;ed Copy Approved flovi:Relea;e.201S/09/66 CIA-CP81101030R000100140004-1 SECRET -16- was'given'to the Design Section to serve as a basis for blueprint drawing and 'study for redesign for specific reiguirements. 'The 'requirements were for long focal lenses up to 100 centimeters and operation in low temper- ature to minus 40? C. (2) The Askania kinotheodolite model Gtk 10/20 was designed for a ayeling time of 10 and 20 frames per second. During World War II, further deVelopmant-and production of the Model Gtk 10/20 web stopped in preference to the develoPment-and prOduetien Of Askania.kifiotheodolite Model ' Kth 41. The SoVieta apperehtlY-Preferred the model Gtk 10/20 bboause-ef.the teeter cycling ratb for takinephotographs. They apparently had a large'nuMber of the model Kth 41 that had been captured during the war. (3) ? Difficulties arede dUring.the design and construction of an experimental modbl-primarilidue to the lack Of-auitable electrieal doMPOnentd. -Parts-fer the-medal Were made 1M Werkehop #14 and -a feir gear Uhits Were-made-in the Mechanical Seetion,'Workahop #36.- A-Medel had-not been fInishbd'at the end-of-1951; There Were apParently-no-Ohangesifi design from thb-eriginal kihetheedelite although requirementshad beeMspeCified. Miner changee in tolerances in the gear... unite were.Mide'te.achieve the cold temperature operation. It is 'believed that serial production'ofthe-kinotheodolite is'possibleibUt difficultieil*Suld be encountered in the supply of electrical components. Time recording device forkinotheodolite equipment (1) (2) A time recording device called the atimetypern had been used with the kinotheodolite equipment. This'unit had bebn bunt by the-Telephonebau and.Normilzeit, GmbH Frank- fUrt/Main, The'laist German type taesPecifically designed .for Use 'with the kinetheodolite Askania model Kth hi for antiaircraft fire Control. The cOnetruction of three exPeriMental models was completed in-Workshop #36 by the'end Of 1951. The-bailic'Unit-wai simplified by the deletion of automatic switching units with time_delay mechanism:thatwas used in conjunction with antiaircraft firing. Tine was 'recorded eh a-kieving strip' of paper and the Soviets required 'a higher.tate of movement of the_paper'stripl froth 10 and 50 millimeters per'seeond ' te.50-arid-100-Millimetere per-seeond. 'Diffieulties were encounterae.primarilY duee-to-poor quality meChanical parts and eldetriaai Unita.- Testing Of the'kinethebdolite-and the timeCrecOrder was, not accemplished in the pteeence-Of German specialists the units were suitable. 50X1. 50X1-H UM t. Comparator for kinotheodolite films (1) The Monparator was a direct copy of the instrument manu- factured by 'Askania for interpretation and measuring of the kinotheodolite films. A greater degree of magnification was incorporated with finer lines and intervals on the. scales resulting in a reading interval of one minute instead. SECRET Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 ? ? e 1 1 I'. ? f . ? Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 ? ? ? ? (2) SECRET -17- ? 1 of the 10 Minute interval of the Aiikania-Model. Scale plates f or various focal length lenses were interchangeable.. Drawings were made Models were in' the Design Section, Workshop #36. hop 50X1-HUM ..:b : .1.1 ? 50X1 th interpolatorf or analyzing the ,time recording tapes' __. _ (1) . Thie instrnMent copy of a-airieeponding' iastrUment that had-been. Manufactured ill' GS:rainy. "Modification- ; for? the 'iticreaied-epeed- of the recording tape were incorporated in the redesign 'if the instrument. (2) Production of a model may have nossiblv star4A4 50X1-HUM v. Electronic microscope (1) During -the sinter' Of ' 1951, the Gerian shecialists - observed ? the transport-of parts end unite froi.Workeh5#114 te the mitriPlant 'building; 'It-lis'the-opiniell-af :ievoioal Of 'the . 'G?a?thatthO Parts-Were-. for in elhatieniC mickoioope. ' ROWeier; 'hone Of 'the Germans were specialists in thit . particular field. . . (2) no design work was done by any of the design . groups. ? . .. w. Delis, for adjusting., the principal point in aerial cameras (See second sketchaelosure (R)7) (1)' This device *as developed in the Design Section, Workshop' #36, 'and one 'model was OrodUced in the Meehanieal Section, Workshop #36, /Or use in-Workehop #13:' Production of the one model me accomplished during 1950. . . (2) The instrument utilized the auto-collimation principle. The aerial. Camera to be tested (1) was-pladed in the test 'stand (2) in:the-sdne manner:de it-is mounted-in a- =Sal, . cetera mount. Under the- cadera len! Was-pleded 'a plahe - Mir*f-(5)-whidh caUld - be Orientated-ifs-A holt enter plane Meifti-of 'leVeling dolts' and 10-Second 'dials lii-twa direatione.?A plane-gltest Plate (I)Tian Placed" on the film plane Of the camera: On-the' glaSeplite Weie dorreSpondine ta.the colliMating Sarkis of the camera 'and the principal point (intersection of lines connecting the collimating-marks). Levels mounted .On the glass plate were utilized in the horizontal adjustment of the oamera to correspond to the mirror (5) in order that the glass plate , (3) -end. the ,Plane.mirror (5) were parallel. An auto-coili- mating micros-cope (4) with built-in illutination is placed on the test plate in order to observe the principal, point mark on the test plate and its reflected image from the plane mirror.: For correct .adjustment? the principal point 1 , .. and its reflected image must coincide. i Adjustment of the film frail* must be made until the correct position is fonmd. ' . Adjustment may Also be made in the lens slanting or cone. SECRST 50X1 -HUM. 4 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000106140004-1 4 SECEET EQUIPMENT FOR FOR WHICH ONLY DESIGN WORE WAS ACCOMPLISNED U. Indiaated. heir' woik-was aedembli6hed0 a. Aerial camera (1) Pegitiye Size. 30 k 30 centimeters, with lens of 50 centi- meters focal length. _ - The deVilOPMent t*sk'wa gii?to-the German specieliete' nier-the end of 1946. The requirement was to design a. . reconnaissante'camera the Zeiss Rb 50/30.- Laterlthe-requiterimnte Were. to inaude An autematic diaphregi control iitilizing-a.photpelectric. cell amplifier. This be. inauded-Within-the lens E'inbeuri.tile and film - Cyaing.e0eed were to be set-by'keans rheostit.-..The. - ditherilinalaingthe-filin magazine, wisTto?be'electricany .heated by. internally placed heating units. A-detachable film magazine incorPorating iacunmtilm flat- tening similar to the last.German model was to be utilized. This-Iiagazine'wia to be-daYlightleaded_ by use of special cassettes to be inserted in the magazine. Develanmentand'doeigh Work Was.cemaeted in 1949. 2) (3) 50X1' 50X1-HUM 50X1-HUM h. Aerial camera (1) Negetive'siie-50 x 50 centimeteriYeitflical length lens either 100 centimeters or 150 centimeters. ? (2) The devalapment taisktas given to the German deeignerp during the end of 1946. The requirement was for airecon-,c, neissance camera for high altitude and high speed airciaft:1- In.conjunction with the..designiSis.a requirement fat an ?image motion coMpensation device. The camera was designed for vertical mounting in an aircraft and later was changed :far horizontal mounting with a'mirrot pet at a 450 angle in front of the lens for vertical picture taking. The ...damera'had'a detadhable magazine back with vacuum film - -flattening. , . P.) The image Motion compensation considted'Of a pair of rotating glees iedgenmeUnted in-fraht-ofthe camera lens. The unit (*rated continuoUily and-in-oonjunation *ith the Shutter end'interialoMeter. 'The-rotating Wedgei:must-be'in the exaCt padition at the moment of exposure. Details of the switching system, mechanisi, glass, wedges and .other cams ponents.are pat known to me. . ? DeveloPment work was completed in 1949.. on the prodUction of an experimental Model or serial production difficulties would be encountered in the mechanical units, of the, shutter and image aotian.pcm- pensition device and the synchronization of the eleatrical.. system.? 50X1-HUM ?50X1-HUM 50X1-HUM Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 . . Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 c. Aerial mapping camera (1) SECRET -19- Negative' size 18 X 18 centimeters, with 70 millimeter focal length lens. _ . (2) Development was accomplished in 1949 and utilized the Soviet Russar lens with 70 millimeter focal-length with angle of field of 1220: 'A SoViet-betweini-thezaens'shutter, type Verti- patio& wee used. 5ee Enelosure (C), Vertiporeoh shutterg One primary reqUirement in' the design was to.construCt'a , camera of very light weight, approximately 4o kilograms. The design was based' on the Zeiss RME-S 18 x 18 centimeter negative size. The camera was designed for use in small, fast aircraft. Cycling rate of the camera was three seconds. d. Stabilized camera mount _ (1) The Stabiliiod eamera mount was.deeigned primarily for the aerial manning camera. The mount Consieted Of two concentric Carden-(iebel) ringe With'electrie7motors'and gear'units and connected with-an'eleCtrioartonduotive level-so that the'Mators make corrections in accordance with the level bubble. (2) The'control segment of the unit consisted of an electrical--, eirdle level-in a Metal case through lihiclueleotrioal contact aouldhe made in several directions, -probably four. A' unit that may have originated in the United-States or Germany, -- although unknown to the German designers, was made available] to the designers in 5KB-1. The-electrical system is =Intern. te "Me andUricy of the mount may have been within tico or three degrees. ? 50X1 Contact printer 4rDeVeloPed'in benjUnction With the aerial camera with negative size of 50.x 50 centimeters. . . (2) DeSigried ill:19464947'and-ftifbased-en a tanefebtuted-by Voelk, Berlin. 50X1-HUM GermEin rn el' f. Film perforator (1 ) Developed 'in ConjUnotibh-with the aerial camers. with negat.iye size of 50 x 50 centimeters. . . ? ' iMeter width' fila; The-Perioriter-Wai-deeighod for-5 0 cent width film; it-CouId bi-oParated-either bY'hand ot,i6tbk'diiiren:"Several perTorations could be sinulteneouely punched.Pi 1950, a perferatorwith.the'same principles, although-designed for a lesser width 'film, was built in Workshop #36. The. ixpeid.;* mental model was tested and results were satisfactory.. Development unit (l) The developing unit was in conjunction with the aerial ? camera with negative size 50 x 50 centimeters. . SECRET ? 'i Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 SECRET 1 -20- 50X1 (2) ?Thie unit' was "Similar in-Aesign tot developimg unit meAUT ? factured by VoelkiBetlin. 'It bonaisted of rotating OSSA ? spoOle-driven blan giro motor. Some-Modifications were . ? made from the Voelk uhi 50X1-HUM 16 :Once for testing the flatness of the film plane in 30 x 30 anti- vacuum back nit magazine. (See the drawing of the testing . device for film flatness in film magazines 5Mclosure (1117.) .? . . .? ? _... . The7Un3t'bOnsieti-ef-tWo wide angle projection systems - tbunted-With'cohvertent-axesthich produce i-deublm image On the film planeWithe Migaiine. The -image consiets of two'seriee linee at 'rightangle's photographed .on film 'in the magazine: If the Marin the magazine to be'tested is not held in a flat plane, then the lines are reproduced midouble lines with the distance between the. two linen a determination of the amount of unflatnese. ? (2) Thicinatitment-is a'cleeideaeeleOproiitately 50'x 60 s100 Oentileterelen whieh can?be faitened the 'film magazine it the'saie manner-a/it is'the-cateri body: .The. unit was.ddaigned for migaiines Of 30"130-centtaster negative size. 'The magazine i's Operated in the normal - manner by Connecting to:a motor driven driVing key an4 a ? iichiai-putp. The plate; 1, centains the perspectiie grid. of $rafl?lines-(whiti linee bli'blaCk-backgroutd)- ? Which ie'iliuminated through a matte 2, '*61 an illutinatiOn.system,'3. The illumination consisted of several standard projection lamps.' The plate, 1, is imaged through' the plane mirror, it, by the lens, 5, onto the'film'plane, 6, in such a month that the perspective 'Yid of platell, becomes a grid of parallel lines of ekuil-dieterice. The plates'in the right and left part ' of the 'instrument are projected simultaneously and coin- cide in the film plane, 6. The shutters connected with the lenses, 5, are used to expose the film in conjunctiet ',with the operation of the film magazine. This produces the same effect of operation of the film magazine in talc* of photographs: The testing of the film Magazines could be-donfteted in a cold test chamber and in pressure rattail chaibers. ? (3) In order to produce the perspective grid on the plate,' la a reverie photographic process was used. A plate with ' . ,the'Parallergrid"is placed in pizeition or and photographed on glass-platee', lioh fine grain ? :emuleien. Any distortions in the projection system woUld? 'be taken care of in this manner as long as the left' plate was in the left position and the right plate in its positim. Projection back' through the projection system would Ivreaa the single parallel grid system in the film plane, 6. . ?? ? . . (4) One experimental model Was built, but the results of tie testing are unknown to me. . S. Photo-cartograph (See the drawing of the photo-cartogralh, MOKIRIXT [Enclosure (E270' (1) Bases for this instrument were princiPles.and ideas of Prof. SECRET Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 SECRET -21- 50X1 DROBISSEV who also was preeent at various times stiper- vising the design deVelopMent.- Design Werk?Irai-aceo4liahed ?iii. the-Design- Seatiati-; Watitishati #36: The phote-dartograph vrea a derible? ProjeatOr- Unit-for-a ilegatiVe eize 18 k.18- Centimeters end. oolld be used for topographic mapping and print rectification. (2) The ? bas'e frame, 1; 'we's similar- in debign to ?the 'Zeiss Small Autograph 'aria ?Stood??on-foUicialital-PiPe-lege. Ira the 'front of the inetrument. atl.uffright- cOluriiii; 2 ; ? %lab -*al :the ? Z?oobrdifulte:--Mbillited" on th? af the 'hi-fright column,- 2, itia -the hoed; Li. ? ? A -PrOjeetion-sereen, * 3; cotad be moved ? in-a '''''''' 'direCl/1On" ?ng the UPright column, 2, -(2-Coordinate) .hY means- of ? a pecrai - dide-operated with the Loot of the user. The projeutiin screen, 3, was a'fine ? jrairied inatte-glase With .erigrived measuring-points'.? In the lairei?pert the-thaVetible? projeCtion? bereen; 3, and? ? the-Octilaic tielting syStem???cif ? the-Viewing head; 4; waela " parallel-a-aurae ef light ?rays? (beams). The. projectors, 50 ? friiiiriadnited on a bade "rail, 6. ??The lens ? sybtem of the projebtora- Could be adjusted wherebY ?the 'calibrated focal ? length tapproicimately ? 200?Millimeterb)coitid be set exactly. ? The' of .the di?oSiti+efbrproj?cLi?wds 18 5E-18 centimeters; The project:orb- Cofild-be adjUeted to-ada-cibsiodate foi* -Swing; ?tip'alid tilt of the taking -camera.- The diapositive piate-oarrier could he ? adjUated. in two -coordinate directions in bonjunctioll with rectifidation. The rojectire were:pro- vided With a .lena. turret with three tenses of various focal lengths. These projection lenses Were -all the same type. and were Used to prOjeCt iMaget-pOints at different magni- fication sizes... Turning of the turret-tea- change lenses did not the intarior-Orientatien ? bf the projeator; the- ithige-Poiht *brad hot hate tb-liirearientated"vrith.' ? ? eachcha??tl?r. 'The 'base" Compiinents- f or: Saluting, ?and -Y-cookainatee: cOuld'be-det-Oh tho-PrOjeetOrs. 'The - base rail, including the pro-jeataid; -cbeld .bi Sieved' by : head wheel .operatiorVad the OreSs-slide erysteni; acoord- ing-to-the Plehiietrie coardiniterrind.T. -The spindle thine iiiire-trahlthitted oVeFthe-eaiiiieietibn-keye; -11;.tO entail tree " Ter illuithatibb 'of" "the ' diapbeitiVes diirtricniedaUrfrig foirthaPPing; ceridefider-itats, 8; mounted. i?AMlIeloEia?i thibFte 9 *?rCjibfld?mO baSe H pOinta,-12;--of the "suPPeitS'itare -alleys" in the ? same plane is "the image on theprojection screen, 3.. This movement was achieved through ? a c ?ire Spending* slide ? sYsteia Of the vertical column, 2, at the front of the instrument. ? For using the instrument as a rectifier, the supports, 9, and the illumination Condensers; 8, are moved aside and a refleator- illtutination unit, 10, is brought into-place. This refleCtOr-is ?azi reflector. similar to the ? One- used on the Zeiss Stereoplanigraph C/5. A light tight ? cobriection between the lamp and the projector was. availahle. - ? Two variants of the binocular vieviing system were designed on request of Prof. DROBISHEV. One variant was for a stereo system whereby the left iithge could be transmitted to. either the left or right eye andthe Seine ? for the right image. The second variant was an episcopic (3) SECRET ,;:t4 ? Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 ? StCRZT -22-. observation systein for thi-borresPOnding parts- of the pro joetion imagei on .defeen-and7replieeient of measuring peinta by ??die?i?g - - thiiitijil?traOiniCtible." 50X1 50X1-H UM value . of the instrument would be quite small. Waterproof case for underwater use of motion picture camera (1) Development was accomplidhed. during 1949 in Workshop #36. ? . The case was to house -the tyPe 'of motion picture camera that was in production within the plant. - (2) The-case.Was. of-cast metal, probably iron; with a large front window, and-projecting control knobsfor winding, ' shutter release and aperture setting: -Water- tight seals . the-projecting rode-was by thAansof A'Stuffing box. - Case and stuffing-bokii-Were designed for:use :in depths of approximateli 30 meters. ? _ _ . _ ? - test stand for photo cells . (1)?The teat stand'Wee 'designed in 1950 presumably' fer:iho , ..johOto. cell-laboratory of ZKB. ;wcte:test istand.was a cabinet with-a ?frentdOok mmA Slog& Oleos: the 50X1-H UM )1i, ? ? -: (1). This was One. af the last assignments Of the.Deflgn Section, IrcirkeheP-#56'ill951-1952. The .design sork was stOtifinished in January-1952. - ' (2) The Unit is' a desk type with holder, for,the wirk to be microfilmed,. and with .a glass plate and pierituis plate for Copying bookes, An upright column held a spedial 35,0.1111i- meter camera. The unit was similar to the Zeiss' DOkumatare TRASDARKS:? : 5. mede. mark of the plant was an mac' Prism: ? p_ 'Ehrietimes.the date and serial number would be ELS shown.? On Sail' items not requiring a serial lumber, only the ? be ahem. ? =BIM itittlizsziors unia:114 Itopuotlar sm irould 6. Ths instruthent-equipment Of the plant, 'including the produntion.-sectienis., laboratories and'eiperieentaI workshops ofthe ZKRIthe-Caniral. testing LabsiatorY -( CII) c onalited almoSt ' entirely -Of the eqUipment: which had bean brought to, Krasnogorsk from the Zeiss .works in 'Jena: ? SECRET. Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 a. Precision b. (1) 2 3. (5) (6) SECRET. . -23-. 50X1 types of measurinuind testing instruments: 50X1-HUM Zeiss'a UniVareal measuring microscope with attachments . and-iceesSeriel -- ------ Zeiiii : Werkthep-iiiiaSuring microscope Zeiss ; ARNE-ioiPeratiii" -- -'- ---"---' - 261.10 - Linear measuring madhine (Laengenmess Neschine) Ws& Preetition theedOlite; Th.0 ' ' . " - 2e4-gi.- Precision'caliperlasOrthotests etc. 7) .Optioll angle'intera (111thlelileaber) -- d),..:!:Optical -dividing head (Optileher Toilkepf)- ' . ' . 9) The MicrOmeters and mi.-Crow:tear-in& gaugesletc.. Used ? ? in production tbrkShops1-were'pertlY of Zeiss origin, and partlySoviet-produced instruments from the vilkilaBERn . _ plant in MOIST.. .. . cal (1) Genioieter ? () Focometer ? . (3) Dedbld'aliMator apparat. (4) sPeetrbleter- 5) MenochreAlter-(Prismatic and lamp or light) 6) Interferometer 71 Deniimeter; DeneograPh (Zeis ;) Soiek-initiument ?Or'optioal-produCtion) ) Por-testing-ef-lehaei;geipedailly-for-the-determindtiOn. of-the-reediviht-p&Oary-A SoViet-eystii.orline gratings (Strichmiren) was used as a testing device. a; Electrie and Photo-Electric Measuring Instruments (1) VirioUs.tYpee'Orcurrent-ind'voltige meainiring initrumentat frem-firka Hertien-and-SranniGaiien-trlangen, etc. 50X1-HUM (2) Reflecting' and/or mirror galvanolatera-? ' Dibillagraphslai electro cathod-ray oscillograph Needuring bridges Tanning-fork-controlled oscillator Luiieter ? ? -A-nUmber-of predUcta SeViet-origirinere d1eo used'. ihthis field 'during-1,50-51; as: current and-viltage Metefildimiler"to GerMan'tYPOSi men:luring bkidgeey Miltfloop-bifilar abilIctraphe (p-ortible-tyPe); for reg1atefing:35-Millimeter films. The latter came from a Leningrad plant. . . the latest published-ediertiaing.paMphlets'or. 50X1-hUM the ministry for Electro-industry describing tarioui electro hithasaiihg iristi*Onte-ter"alseMblfand'idbeiraterk-Ued'et the tiant-liftba-beginniiiief I95l. Siiilar ifietruients ebuld-be also Seen on display at the Polytechnic teethe.. in Moscow. d. Two different syetems-were'known to be in use in the Soviet gOten for the determination of sensitivity of photographic latailals: SEC102 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09 : CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 stcRET ?24? ' 50X1 .(1) Genital phitograPhy-L iOdified*Harter,-and Driffieid sYistinia(different numerical evaluation). (Not the American..) (2) .Scientifie photography - Sd 0,85 -.System, apparently ? a-modification-of the-Cellian DIN syttek?-the density. 0,85 (Ititer'eil or Screen) uSed:es diqterion: 'One ' such instrument (DIN system) was on hand at the plant. MATERIEL SUPPLY 8. Materiel- fer'productien.orparts Were generally inadequate in supply. Ali raW-naterilia USed inthe plant"Were-Oodueed-in the USSR, so ' the Shortigie-May'hate-heen"cauSed-bY-inadequate-PredUctieh-te'eupAy ail-the"deMahds.lor the'ieiUlt-of PooiA-Planning-irithe distribution or the Materi416. Theindividual-plants4ei.e 66fihected throUgh the higher-iinietries-where'alI the production-planningwas done: The ihdi4idual-plant administrators -Were unahle'tiltake-the hecessary actidn'to-assure an-adeqUate sUppl* Of ra* hateriale.' *Another factor that perha s influenced-the e Was the"pobr'trehtportation 50X1-HUM system. a ceMbinetion of shortages in Pro- daction an e poor ranspo ation-syeteth-resulted-in'a.elok down ' of work in various sections of the plant on numerous occasions. 9. In'the deVelopient'of'new designs and in making modifiaations, it wee alWaya necessary to list .Substitutematerial along with the ii66Miended'Matuia1-for-eohstract1Oh. "Mr eicaMpli, the Soviet - optical-glass. catalogi-liSted ai ManY'tYPes'the SCHOTT-ind.CENNOSEN-CatalogalhOWe'ierithe Supplibe"that**bre aVail- Able Verb -The'eptidal daletliatbrs-had.d difficult ti$ in adjuSting their' the aVailahl& 42iis supplies. NoriallYithe'Optioal-caicula.tOr Will falai the :lietihiasliven'ih the catalog, but'iticas found that I'differeht tYte of-glieS,Tor a glasi"of -slightly: different refracti4i index, sappiied.which made'necessaty a Change in the design. Shortiges'of mate/tile-far ilde-in-experihehtaflerk *ere particularly noticeable.--there AdianCe plarining-had.hedn'aceeMpiiiihed, a Year or oVer in adiance Of the productionisuppiiei-e-hatoriaIs seethed to' be'more-readi4 ?ailabl?Appirehay-ne.adVand(planning had been done for experimental work performed in the plant. 10. Supplies 'of metal; partidularIy in pre.:fekied Shapes, were fairly adeqUaterhoWeVer,.designs be"Tit.the supplies on hand; CataIege-WaUld-Sho* a'variet eirdinihaioned-StockihoneVeri' it.wAS-nOt-alicaks"peebible-te-ehtain-the'deSired'shapia when ordering, ind'oenhaqiientIY ahahgei-in'design were necessary when the item was placed in serial production. _ U. lIectricalankiiiestioje alwaji-inideqUate. This indluded Wirt of . .iarioUS-diaieteie-UeURECIalite,-Raitcheilivifloderfittings, relay*, ihiestateltrahsfeMeki;ahd'inetorCIt iis-bitlieted-that-metere Were such a Critical/item that Setekkrietieebf"preddctien-Orthe Motor-- "MEV vare-Undortikon-iirthe"pIant te-offebt-tho-nOrmiraUPPlY.- Daring, .151461947, there-were"ade4hate sdpplibe-efiladtrical materials con,. . . 'dieting of items brought from the dismantled plant at Jena. _ . 12. A'Sbortage'ef wood necessary for making patterns for oaitings was ? eheountered. SECRET Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/69/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 SECRET -25- 3. ? Supplies ?fThaEif?us metals,' 'particularly. braise and aluminum ? 41.-6kaiiierti-generallY critical, -Designers were cautioned in too O,eneiveuaeofbnss for partaiand ifdithen were constantly . ? tOrconserve the metal when producing parts. 50X1-HUM 11. It is possible that the Busser lenses were produced ,in the plant at Leningrad. 15. Fill tar.' teitingtiekinothoodolites was difficult to obtain. Some 35em4.liMitter width' film?wal 'prey-tided, hit it wail alwayb irvideouate in &taunt. -The filth that *as .initiplied-wa:S. of SOViet* Manufacture and was marked?from Factory -#8: 'Filth was nortal black' and .white of ap- pre.Isimktely. 20/10 DIN rating.. The perseninel Whe bibUght iii the kthothitiOditilitei for 'repair and iat,or caire to receive the 'Units told the**Ciermitia-that.'thel.:had.'theY abuld. iii303. btlii&WdetS the Plati:tatar,ttae brotihtjifinjtb?f tolls 'of app Si 200 'iratere in-length; Thia seeinerto-iiidibate- that iitailablir for some purposes, but not available to the plant for testing purposes.. ? ? ? _ ? ? Or.c.Iftitebilite IriCiseretrei,; of all sizes iiiihort- Supply. iThe Garet teahniOliuma-iairlyi 6 criplailecreibiiiir the tlieiso. items ? - that were furnished. A limited nuMber of sizes were furnished. 50X1 50X1-HUM ' 0 Astusuag (Al incLos114402:: ENCLOSURE( C) EICLOSURE (E)thctcsurth SOD Instrument - Photogrammetric Measuring Device DeviCe:ieridjUating.PrinCiPil 'Point in :Aerial Caierie Vertipoioch .abutter' Testing Deface for Pilm flatness in, Film Magazine's Photo-Cartograph DROBISIEV Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 uu" 4 Ste-RET ? Ino..11113TRUXIMT - noramemartno musts= may (1). Binocular Obeervatien System. . 1.: Swing mirror for alpha (04) eagle contra 2. :Focusing unit . 3: Meseuring.saris 4.; Byepieonl . . (2) end (3) Pipit:re Carrying System 1.. Picture holder - 18 X 18 cm . 2.. folding mirror . . .3.. 'Urination* reflectors 4) oremp-slias srptam rar I end 7 Ooordinatee i' ,... ) WitasUring Line with Plotting Marker 6) And (7) Ablating Columns for Beta (/3) azie forts BtaeovicorAWSBan;s4 . 'the Omega (CO) Azie of the Picture Carrylaglyiaes (81 as. far tracing Table Adjustment. (9) .Bams Plate and Plotting Plane . (10) Adjusting Bindle fat 2L end: I Adjustment Enclosure (A) . SECRET ' 50X1:. Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09 CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 1 ? ? Sac.P.E7 : 50X1 t 'at Int" 7 ? ?'? 7 '111/416 ? . rrewi11?Iirr'111 ? nimbi ?CR:ADJUSTING. PRiN0* ?CpliT DI 1. Aoriil owners to bay tiotot Boa of ? Toit ilito?with 4 ? Aut?o0;1I:54tPig mist ?soap* Tlopo iairror Ibsolo.suie :03) CAMS' osid ? loltOiating a? ? OM 50X1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 SEctzer ? The VERTIPOROCH Shutter -TRANSLATIONS (froM SOViet Manual on Photogranonetry, by Prof. DROBISION; MS= Edition, Oeodesiadat, 1945. Figure 60, Page 82) ? ? SHUTTER, TheMAFA-.13 contains a reversing action shutter of the V12113160CH ? systerTge. movement ,of the shutter parts is accomplished through the vibratiOn . (movement) of a Powerful spindle spring. The driving gear 1-1 rotates the gear 70..2 by SINS of the spiral 1 which periodically turns the suidirring behind the ? projeotion D.. As a.resElt, the spring 0 turns from neutral to the extmens.positian on aoortaiN angle +8; but the lamels rdisks) turn at the same time from closed ,Ond cover more effective* the lens opening. When the spiral i peps off the. . projection D, it produces a fast vibrating motion of .the sprinfin a double angle.-.211. :and reverses it to angle 43 in neutral position. During this time the guiding ring -turns the gears with the disks back and forward, i.e., open and close the lens aperature. The levers R and S.sorve for the elindnation of unnecessary motion of the. spring and the guiding Ping Mak. After this, the cycle of the shutter operation. . begine_again. The exposure shift is in limits from 1/45 to 1/150 of i second by means of: . . transposing the nut (screw) *Moll serves to shorten the length of the workable spring part. Abe shutter's efficiency reaches 90- %which surpasses the action of foreign models. Testing experiments confirm the reliability of the design even after 20,000. -exposnres'wene.made. This can be attributed to the perfect action of the disk movement" .restating?fran the spring action. .EnolOaare (C) 50X1 ?SECRET ? Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09 : CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 50X1 a ?S(cA T TESTD13 DIEVIdE Fdit FLATNESS IN ram MAGAZINES 1.. Plate with perspective lines- ._ 2. Matte plate for light diffusion 3. ILlumination 4. Plane mirror. 3. .Wide angle lens (TOPOCION) ? for projectile ratio ??approximately 1st. Lens couplets with shutter. 6. Film plane 4. Film magazine tO be tested Feolosure (D) .:50X1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 ? . . ? Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1 _ :800r, Ft cer irrn, , 50X1 PHOTTARTOGRAPR -.CROCUS'? 1. Bassframe ? 2 t000rdinateleOlums ? 3. Projection screen '744 Ocular /lowing bead 5. Projectors ? 6. Projector base rail ! 7. X and ?coordinate mcmement system 8. Condenser illumination- unit ! . 9, support oaten ?far : condenser illumination 10. Reflection illumination unit for rectifying 11. Conneotfoo to -tracing table .12. Base point Enclosure (E) 88CST teussincanoto 50X1 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/09/09: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100140004-1