Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Document Creation Date: 
December 23, 2016
Document Release Date: 
November 1, 2013
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Publication Date: 
April 8, 1954
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PDF icon CIA-RDP81-01030R000100460001-9.pdf179.39 KB
Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/11/01 : CIA-RDP81-01030R000100460001-9 CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY INFORMATION REPORT CONFIDENTIAL This Document contains information affecting the Na- tional Defense of the United States, within the mean- ing of Title 18, Sections 793 and 794. of the U.S. Code, as amended. Its transmission or revelation of its contents to or receipt by an unauthorized person is prohibited by law. The reproduction of this form is prohibited. 50X1 COUNTRY SUBJECT DATE OF INFO. PLACE ACQUIRED USSR/Gettnany (Soviet Zone) Transpoitation of deiman Technicians frOm the USSR to the East Zone of Germany REPORT DATE DISTR. NO. OF PAGES REQUIREMENT NO. REFERENCES 50X1 8 April 1954 5 RD 50X1 -HUM THE SOURCE EVALUATIONS IN THIS REPORT ARE DEFINITIVE. THE APPRAISAL OF CONTENT IS TENTATIVE. (FOR KEY SEE REVERSE) 50X1 -HUM CONFIDENTIAL STATE Cy ARMY NAVY AIR 4hc FBI AEC Ev X (Note: Washington Distribution Indicated By "X"; Field Distribution By "#".) Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/11/01 CIA-RDP81-01030R000100460001-9 50X1 50X1 . Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 201-3/11/01 : CIA-RD?P-61.-01030i000100460001-9 ? 771 . CONPINEIITIAL e/.1.1101,1 e REPORT 50X1 50X1-HUM / _COUNTRY : imp/Germany (Soviet Zone) DATE DISTR./ 0/44.17 .? - lciatiepottati61)Cf- Gel0m:int-Technicians tfrom OF PAGES '4 .? 'WelgUSSit iaztilir-Naat Zone. of Germany St*EOT PLACE ..-? ? ACQUIRED .? ? I. DATE .. ACQUIRED DATE OF..:1 ? . THIS IS' UNEVALUATED INFORMATION NO. OF ENCLS. BASTED BELOW) SUPPLEMENT TO REPORT No. 50X1-HUM ? , 50X1-HUM pkocaiios tolt tgifiziATIIRE -.:.:,:. 1. .Tha syi4e authoritiee 2n:tilted tha.thirman specialists l at ..iiiiiiiii1-110.1, new ot'itlipir return to Germany approximately f vs -ens: P1.10*--- . - ., , . ? .. , . . . . to,? theimMital departure on .19 January 1 20 ? itetsi-that. reports that:alai, ' ;five days?notice was given.. Official no cat on.,of departure was , given .at I stottng held- in the Gerlait living cittortera and attended . by :all thi?Gsramis sp,:moiti.11stis,; Thirty of the folly-five apecialieta ' ? at Arsenal licr.-,1?'aotually departed on thia..dats. . . , . . . ? .( 2: The ?Germiaz 'specialists were not placed under surveillazzOs zior Were .- , they oat 'off froi OOntsot .with- the SoViets, prior to departure.. They were attOieds, as in the piato. to-chop in the Oity at any time: '. ...,1?7Cri at a. - ' ' LCIQ 1/4.i.: , lihes . t:.: t era; 4're ty r:ki ? Lite they wart-glean. eight days notioarwhile , 0-N I.? D SI TIA t ' 'SCUM? INPOibikTION ? 50X1-HUM Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/11/01 : CIA-RDP81-01030R000100460001-9 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/11/01 : CIA-RDP81-01030R000100460001-9 CONFIDENTIAL ?2.- 50X1 The Germans weie\aleia-allowed to go with an escort to a post office to send telegrams to relatives in East Germany.. Howeve4 a collective telegram sent' by several 50X1-HUM of. the German specialists was never delivered. . ..Ctates and lumber for packing purposes Were furnished free of charge by the Soviets. The Germans did their own packing . and crating a few days prior to departure. Most of the German 'specialists sold their furniture to the Soviets, who were Willing to pay relatively good prices for it. The Germans weie .% allowed to transfer this money at a favorable exchange rate. ? Prior to packing a Soviet custois officer came to the German quarters and issued instructions regarding the shipment of certain articles. According to these directives it was forbidden to take any written material and any Soviet money to East Germany. All books,, including the schoolbooks of children,were collected .for censoring. The Germans were told that the books would be mailed later, but they 50X1-HUM were never seen again. Photo albums and film were also either forbidden or very closely censored. Howeversall cameras, which, had been,confinoated at the time of the arrival of the Germane in Kiey, in 1946, were returned to the Germans. In addition only one fur coat and one piece of jewelry was allowed for each individual. 6. Unlimited quantities of food and beverages could be taken on the trip. The only restriction was caviar, which was not to exceed 'half a kilogram. the Soviets made a very superficial check of the food packages. Howevex:pboth Likages. stated that there was no inspection of food pa CUSTOMS INSPECTION ON THE DAY OF DEPARTURE 7 On the day of departure household goods as well as hand luggage. and other packages of the Germans were picked up by trucks and taken to the railroad station in Kiev. 8. Household goods and all other orated items were inspected At the railroad 'station by uniformed Soviet customs officers in the , presence.of the Germans. The thoroughness of this inspection ',Varied.. Both?Istate that it was a very superficial. inspection and !eget only spot checks were made. if_,.etatesjhowever,that a thorough customs inspection 'was made; 'crates and suitcases were opened and their contents. checked pieoaby,piece. 4 :After inspection the orates were sealed and numbered and put ., lifer; the baggage care. There was no inspection of .personel 1St ISi hand ???? carried packages at this time. With the aseistance of Soviet- werkers the German specialists boarded the train ' with their had luggage. DESCRIPTION OF TRAIN' TRIP 50X1-HUM 50X1-HUM 50X1 -HUM 50X1 -HUM ? . 10. The train for the German specialists consisted of two to five care and one to two baggage oars. The passenger oare were ofiv CONFIDENTIAL Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/11/01 : CIA-RDP81-01030R000100460001-9 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/11/01 : CIA-RDP81-01030R000100460001-9 ? CONFIDEfliTtAL 3 2 a common European type lith separate third claps compartments. Each car had its own coal heating system and alwashroom. No dining oar was attached. Hot water was available-for tea 'or'. coffee. Soviet train personnel supplied mattresses and four persons .could sleep in two upper and two lower berths in each .! compartment. 11.- Arrangements for space allocations, had been made in advance by the interpreters at the plant. There was for every. one, and families were kept together. 12. The train,ivas exclusively for the German specialists. Bowen; two or three Soviet civilians escorted the train from Kiev to, Wolf en. They had one or two compartments in one oar.1 one ofithem was from Arsenal No.1 in Kiev. 13. During.the trip the Germans were allowed to circulate from one car to another without escort and to leave the train at every station in the USSR and East Germany without an escort. Row- everithey were informed at the Soviet-Polish.border not to leave the train while in Poland. None.of the\ left the railroad stations, but stated that, some of the Other Germans went into, the towns such as Brest-Litovsk. 14. Placerwhere the.G.ermansAtopped erLroute to Jena included Gomel and Brest-Litovsk in the USSR, outside of Warsaw in Poland (at night), and Frankfurt am Oder and Wolfen in East Germany) where they left the transport. 15. It wOuld have been relatively easy to mail letters at these ? station' stops, because the Germans were not under surveillanos during these stops. ( .16. ither Wendors nor any Other Soviets boarded the train at stops. owever the Germans could purchase food and beverages at. the - . various Stations. 50X1?) 50X1-HUM 50X1-HUM ( . . .17.. No roll Call was made, except once by Polish officers after the Germans had passed the Soviet-Polieh frontier. Once or twice ? day one Of the Soviet civilians 14iti. escorted the trait from Slev:to Wolfen wandered through the train but did net check any- thing or talk to the Germans; None of the Germans or any identification papers. However,the Germans had to pay_ . for the trip, and this moneY was deducted froltheir ttailyesIsty MAUKKiv plant against a receipt. INSPECTION OF PERSONAL BACGAGE'AT,BREST-LITOVSK , . 1 18. The Germans flopped from 15-18 hours at Brest-Litovsk where they were transferred to a special German train with third class cats and no dining car. This train was operated by German personnel. 4 ONFID.ENTIAL Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/11/01: CIA-RDP81-01030R000100460001-9 Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/11/01 : CIA-RDP81-01030R000100460001-9 ?19. 'ONFIDENTIAL - 4 - ,\ ..lhe hand luggage of the Germans was superficially inspected j: the train by a Soviet and a German custota officer. In addition Polish officers took .a roll call of all the Germans tbyliecking:a.liat 'which Contained nanes and photograph!. liOnedhold goods were placed On the German .train without any .furtherinepection. ' ARRIVAL IN .GERMANY. -' -o .:the Germans left the train at Wolfen near Bitterfelpt.indL. 'sfleflours- laiet'Weita taken to Jena by bis. No inspeetiOn Of nOusehold goods or personal luggage was made upon arrival. The baggage oars continued by rail from Wolfen to Jena. . A few days later household goods were delivered free of -Charge. -.The Germans did their own unorating and checking. . of the three sources interviewed found anything missing or confiscated. Declassified in Part - Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2013/11/01 : CIA-RDP81-01030R000100460001-9 50X1