Document Type: 
Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
Release Decision: 
Original Classification: 
Document Page Count: 
Document Creation Date: 
December 15, 2016
Document Release Date: 
June 1, 2004
Sequence Number: 
Case Number: 
Publication Date: 
April 15, 1978
Content Type: 
PDF icon CIA-RDP81M00980R001200070028-2.pdf417.24 KB
Approved For ReleppgFn1 4/gTW ? .J DP81 M00980R001 200070028-2 15 April 1978 IA's old guard hides S*ecreAs, say~-.ex7 y ) By ERIC SHARP Free Press Staff Writer Assurances by the head of the CIA that his agency won't break the law any more are meaningless, a former CIA agent said Fri- day, because the head spy can easily be keptin , the dark about the activities of powerful and well-entrenched underlings. "When Admiral (Stansfield) Turner took over the.CIA last year, he distrusted most of the people he found there and brought a cordon of. naval officers: with him,"'said Frank Snepp: "The old guard at the CIA really resented this. They simply tucked away the files on all kinds of sensitive subjects that Turner doesn't even know exists." SNEPP SAID one example of this division' was the MK-ULTRA scandal, in which it was revealed that the CIA had tested the effects of various drugs on Americans, and one test subject committed suicide. "I'm sure Turner didn't know anything about MK-ULTRA until he got hit in the face with it," said Snepp, who was recruited by the CIA in 1968 while studying at Columbia University. "One problem Is that much of the most sensitive material is in the hands of the CIA security section, and you can't get into their files under the Freedom of Information Act. They even control the evidence that would be used against them In any- civil or criminal prosecution." SNEPP LEFT THE CIA .in 1976 after nearly five years with the agency in Vietnam. His book, "Decent interval," bitterly assails the CIA for what he calls its callous abandon- ment of thousands of Vietnamese agents to the mercies of the victorious communists. The Justice Department has sued Snepp in federal court. It claims the book violates an agreement he made to allow the CIA to review any book he wrote before publication. The Justice Department wants-to seize any money Snepp earns from "Decent Interval." Snepp arrived In Detroit to promote the book a day after -Admiral Turner assailed, Snepp and other kiss-and-tell former agents at an Economic Club of Detroit luncheon-,:" BUT WHILE HE criticized Snepp for fail-:`l ing to obtain official clearance for the book, __ ._.. __ ut the urac of t disp e acc y Snepp s charges. . Snepp said he thinks the division within . (. } , the CIA is now so deep that the "old guard" will be able to thwart Turner's reform efforts simply by keeping the admiral from knowing about some things that he should know. "I have no question that he (Turner) is an honorable man. But it's ridiculous to expect us . to believe that his personal intregrity is a- guarantee that everyone in the CIA will Obey the law," Snepp said. SNEPP SAID TURNER'S decision to elimi- nate 820 jobs within the CIA has created bitterness and that Turner will discover after he completes his reform that he fired many competent agents and kept on the staff many of those who are responsible for past illegal I activities. Snepp also is promoting a "whistle-} blower" bill sponsored by Sen. James Abour. ezk, D-S.D., which would protect and provide an avenue of investigation for federal em- ployes who complain about waste or corrup- tion within their agencies. He said existing oversight groups estab lished by the president and Congress don't work well because the complaining employe often finds himself the victim of retaliation by the agency. SNEPP SAID HE SAW the futile and bitter experiences of a number of federal employes who attempted to bring. to light what they saw as wrongs perpetrated by the govern- ment. Those experiences prompted him to write his book without CIA sanction and brought the wrath of the Justice Department down on him. Snepp said he was mildly surprised by the government's suit against him, pointing out' that the CIA hasn't sued anyone else over the "They don't sue people who write lauda- tory books about the CIA without clearing d them first," Snepp said. "Apparently, the CIA only chooses to enforce this provision against it' Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP81 M00980R001200070028-2 SAN Uf/~ : 6IA,-'Ab IM00980R001200070028-2 Approved For Release 1. 18 .CIA - Wan'ts to. G" Share Its Yfle CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY Director Stansfield Turner gave further evi- dence of his agency's new and more open look when he told Detroit's Economic Club the other day that the CIA wants to share its intelligence information with the public. "There is economic and political informa- tion that we can collect that would be of value to American businessmen," he said, and added that the CIA is prepared to expand its intelligence activities into non-military areas that might give taxpayers "a better return on their investment." Later, in Columbus, he said the old modus operandi of keeping CIA work secret "is no longer the policy because the public wants to know. We will be speaking more, answering the media more completely and publishing more." And in an address at Ohio State University, he said: "We hope the academic community can gain from intelligence. We need the relations with the academic community be- cause the lifeblood of intelligence is the annual infusion of a few good, high-quality persons from the campus." GRANTED TIkAT much of what Turner states may be attributed to rhetorical image- building on behalf of his embattled agency. Still, the promise to share intelligence gains with those in this country outside' the military and governmental community who might benefit from it, is constructive and overdue. No other organization in the United States has the formidable facilities for sheer collec- tion of information that the CIA does with its electronic devices, its high-flying planes, infra- red cameras and assorted language and politi- cal experts and grey eminences. TURNER NOTED THAT through the use of satellites there is a good deal of data available about possible oil and energy re- serves, crop. projections and industrial poten- tial and that the CIA, as a public-funded agency, should share such information on a larger scale. . This kind of talk, we are happy to say Approved, 200070028-2 ~-84001group o yore. THE DAILY ILLINI (UInIV. of ILLINOIS) Approved For Rele s5e 10n/W CIA-RDP81 M00980R001200070O28-'1~~ T h e new man at the_helm: Admiral Stansfield Turrer by Barry Kliff WANTED: Director of the Central In- telligence Agency. Job Description: Responsibility for gathering and analyzing United States in- telligence. Supervisean estimated force of i 150,000 employees with an estimated budget of over $7 billlion. Must report to eight congressional oversight committees and the president of the United States. I'm here to run the CIA and that's all I'm going to do. This is a big enough job for anyone and I don't think about what's going to happen in the future. We've got enough work now to keep this agency busy fora long time." Turner is certainly keeping the agen- cy's 20-30 lawyers busy. When a CIA agent gains employment they are required to sign an oath that forbids' them from publishing or describing the names, locations or methods which the CIA uses in gathering or analyzing its intelligence. Several agents, most notably Philip Agee, Victor Marchetti and Frank Snepp have recently written books vlhich detail CIA activities ?,'h here zbrnad, :'r,.,.s Aside from the Snepp matter, Turner said the CIA will certainly be a leaner but more efficient organization in the future. "We're going to be bringing in other people to check our work and I think that will help. We've got to avoid duplication." As an example, Turner said the CIA recently sent a copy of its world energy report to major energy companies' chief executives. "Some of them told us we were all wet and then we invited them in to tell us why. Well, they came in and now we can see their side. I'm not saying that we're wrong, but they do give us an ad- ditional perspective that we need to see." Turner also said that although clan- destine activities will be curtailed, they' will not be eliminated. "Unfortunately the other side isn't playing by the same rules we are. However, we don't allow assasinations anymore or things of that nature." What most people fail to realize is the nature of this business; this isn't an ice-cream factory, this is a spy shop." References: Not required but may be submitted. For the last five years, the Central In- telligence Agency could have easily ran an ad like this because they have had to look for a new director. In any other -business, five new directors in any period of time would be enough to close the com- pany's door. Yet, competition for the job isn't going to stop and the work must go on. It was envitable, then, that whoever President Carter picked for the job would be a controversial choice. Admiral Stansfield Turner did not disappoint the president. A former An- napolis graduate, Turner, 54, has creden- tials that are impressive to both con- servatives and liberals. A Rhodes scholar, he studied at both Oxford and the War College in Washington before earing his four stars at age 51. A native- of Highland Park, Ill., Turner has gained the reputation as an having unconventional military mind that-prefers to discuss tren- ds and not statistics. "I've tried to make it pretty clear that if I can't tell someone something, I want them to know I can't tell themTurner said in an interview with The Daily Illini. "We do and will continue to declassify secrets but it is a very time-consuming process and we don't have enough people to do the job adequately." - Turner, who was recently put in charge of overall U.S. intelligence, is cer- tainly the most powerful CIA official since John Dulles and the start of the Cold War r even sloppier execution by the American forces which forced U.S.troops to aban- don several thousand Vietnamese that would have otherwise been saved. "I talked to Snepp in this office and he told me he wouldn't publish this book," Turner said. "If he didn't like the way things were going, he should have gone through channels., He could have gone to the oversight boards, but instead he told me one thing and did another." Turner -said the courts should decide this matter, but added that it can set a dangerous precedent. "This is a very dif- ficult business and if we go to court, then we have to prove that something is harm- ful. This is going to require us to produce additional classified documents which releases more information. It's a self- perpetuating monster." Snepp denies these charges and claims that he tried to go through channels, but' said that the committees wouldn't touch in the 1950s. An active Navy officer, Tur- ner's critics charge that he would rather be chairman of the Joints Chiefs of Staff or chief of Naval Operations and is using - his post at the CIA as a stepping stone. He pointedly denies thesecharges. Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP81 M00980R001200070028-2 Approved For Release 2004/07/08 : CIA-RDP81 M00980R001200070028-2 , ARTICLE APPEARED ON PAGE 1-7 By RENE BECKER Copyright W4 The Michigan Daily --"The University of Michigan at Ann Arbor is clearly in the forefront of the Centers one Communist China." "At the Harvard/Stanford level?" -"It's above Stanford." So began a conversation between employees of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) on December 3, 1965. The transcript of that dialogue begins an extensive documentation of the CIA's secret ties to the University's Center for Chinese Studies. 1S A RESULT of a freedom of Information At (1'01A) request The Daily has received from CIA files more than 200 documents con- cerning the University, including letters to and f-c)on faculty members, inter-office memoran- d :ros, and field reports. Approximately 75 per cent of these doctnrn- ts d? ectly concern the Center for Chinese Studies and reveal the CIA's various ties to in- from the Center which date back to the 'pll-sixties. In the spring of 1966, the CIA conducted a 'es of field trips to China studies centers at '?ii ;niyersities. The purpose of these trips "was to assess the facilities, faculty, curriculum, d faculty research interests in order to c',ovelnp some leel for the China study activity .-country." i!E FIELD TRIP report on Ann Arbor of- nothing but praise for the University's Cc n.t er for Chinese Studies. s one of the nation's outstanding centers MICHIGAN DAILY UNIVERSITY OF M1ICliIGAN 15 April 1978 The heavily-censored field report discusses course offerings at the University, faculty,, Agency image, the prospect for expansion of J China studies and research. Although most of the remarks under the research heading were deleted the Agency did allow that the Chinese Center here was the only group doing "significant" Chinese studies in the country. THE CIA, in several cases, provided resear- ch aid to University professors. In one well documented case beginning in October of 1967, the CIA arranged interviews, provided resear- ch materials, and had Agency analysts cooperate with a University professor. "I have decided to try to do an inter view project focusing on problems of political communication within the Chinese political system," wrote the unnamed professor. This would involve interviewing "between twenty and thir ty ex-cadres from the party or gover- nment ..." A cadre is a Chinese Com- munist party or government official. After a detailed explanation of his`, planned research, the professor '.vrote his reason for approaching the Agency: "The immediate question about which I would appreciate your guidance con- cerns the practical aspect of this type of THE PROFESSOR asked if twenty to; thirty ex-cadres would be availabie for an interview and whether he could gain access to them. "In particular might it be possible to get some informal official help or cooperation in locating a num- ber of ex-cadres now in the United. States?" wrote the researcher. In connection with this the professor' wrote, "I do not know whether the fact that I will have a clearance before long'. would affect my ability to gain access to these people." If the "clearance" the professor; wrote of is with the CIA, it would mean that a contractual relationship existed between the professor and the CIA, ac- cording to Bill Peterson, an Agencvi ''Far--astern studies ... whether as a source of qualified graduates or a location for training; ancy personnel, Michigan belongs in the top Ink," the report states. Che CIA deleted all names from the', clcr_cuments and often deleted whole passages, sometimes leaving a page with only the University of Michigan's name left intact. The CIA claimed all deletions were made under the provisions of the FOIA, which allows the CIA to protect the privacy of its employees,.I associates and intelligence operations and methods. . spokesman. "If a guy's got a CIA clearance, obviously he must have something. to do with the CIA." On the I other-hand ; Peterson said, it could mean he was cleared by another gover- nment aeencv. The CIA response to the professor's. inquiry discounted the possibility of, finding 20 to 30 Chinese ex-cares anywhere. But the CIA agent promised, to arrange interviews'with a few ex- cadres who live in the Washington area. "Let me know a bit in advance when you may be in town and I'll try to set things up," the agent said. In _spol,se to the qu,- .t.t~ h oiz:ssor's ciearar,ce project the CIA agent wrote that "so far as I can ascertain, there is no dif- ficulty; of course, our role in any such project should not be publicized. In any c se I can arrange a short session on the ground rules when you get to town." The documents indicate the professor met with CIA personnel on several o,-- casions. He met with a too CIA 'Un;,r