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Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Document Creation Date: 
December 9, 2016
Document Release Date: 
March 12, 2001
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Publication Date: 
February 15, 1975
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PDF icon CIA-RDP81R00560R000100010004-7.pdf479.64 KB
PHILADELPHIA IITQUIRER Approved For Release 2001/04+2JY9DP81 R00560R0001 00010004-7 Despite. the sucxessful efforts ' oI CIA ~eo tl Sit the CIA to hush up the?cold storage 1J of these little creatures, Cart says facts are 11 t far ou it is. "the- worst kept secret . in America." He says "at least S00 highly placed pwple in the medical; profession, the academic world; and the intelligence community bave ex-: amined the humanoids and the craft they41rrive;1 in." . . _.-. _; One of these ,people, says Card By JOHN D. LOFTON JR. was. -President : Eisenhower, wbo. WASHINGTON - As if the saw and actuafl r toucbed.the UFO. they ? Incident Two. Near New Paltz.. didn't have enough trouble already, N. Y., in Marcbi of 1960, some local. the folks at the CIA now have to law enforcernent authorities -. e deny stories that the agency has then the sheriff or the game warden- suppressed information about crew- - somehow managed to catch a hu- lures from outer space The? man making the charges manoid outside his UFO. about what he calls the CIA's "San-, After day--' in, captivity at CIA. cergate" scandal, is Robert S. Carr, headquarters (in Langley, Va., says a former lecturer in mass cammu- Carr - although the CIA was not is .nications at the University of South its Virginia headquarters until 1961 Florida. Carr says be also once - the humanoid croaked... worked for Walt Disney on what he When I reached Mr.. Carr at his says were "highly. classified secret home in Clearwater, Fla., I asked government projects" involving ' bim what syrt of proof he had. to nonverbal communication. back up his Weird tales? I asked if As Carr is telling it in college v.he could refer me to any of the SOO campus lectures, TV and radio- in- . people - other than President Ei- terviews, and- to anybody else who senhower - who he says saw the will listen, the . "facts" are as fol- frozen humanoids. He refused. lows: ? Incident One. On Feb. 13, ]948, 12 miles west of Aztec, N. M-, a 38- :. i foot flying saucer made a crash landing kiting all 12 "little men" aboard. The bodies were whisked away to Dayton, Ohio, to Wright . Patterson Air Force Base where they remain today in the medical lab in cryonic suspension. The whole thing has been covered up-by the CIA ? . "Carr said he would not betray his sources, that be would not "finger" these individuals' whom he praised as "people of vision and courage.". .At Wright-Patterson, I talked with a very pleasant -captain, Tim Bow- man, who very patiently explained that they had had over 130 queries about Carr's charges: ? He_ read . a statement. which. said in its en- tirety: , "There are no little crea- tures or craft from space at Wright- Patterson AFB now. There never have. been., The . report :is. without foundation." . Presumably, it's just a matter of time until Mr. Carr's ~ charges. axe plastered all over the front page of our newspapers: And CIA Director William Colby is forced to on again trudge up to Capitol Hill: and. attempt to prove yet one more neg- ative, one more thing that his age*; cy has not done. No doubt, there are times whoa Mr. Colby wishes someone would put him in cryonic suspension cntii this whole thing blows over. Approved For Release 2001/04/02 : CIA-RDP81 R00560R000100010004-7 Approved For Release 2001/04/02 : CIA-RDP81 R00560R0001 00010004-7 Available Approved For Release 2001/04/02 : CIA-RDP81 R00560R000100010004-7 O#r6 red'Fat lease 2001104/02: CIA-RDP81 R00560R000100010004-7 u:r:u r. yea :yn o ,1ecis in his new _a o klorifled, may seen prosak% to t e sc iVe4?^:33"t u the supreme adventure of conimunicatinj with heir: s fro: ; another world, most readers of this grim'"sy: cseei and strongly a ?gueel book will have to postpone their daydreat s and, accepting Mir. Klcess's "plasma eory", r t4 cone?uda that many UFOs really are .. . y J. S. Butz, Jr. HERE are many who will not want to believe that "flying saucers" really are "balls of ionized fire," a sort of atmospheric phenomenon as natural as rain- fall but rare as a waterspout. First of all, it's too easy. If this is so, why haven't scientists known about it for years and scotched the stories that have mushroomed into the modern legend of the UFO'To believe the "balls of fire" theory, you also must discount or at least reevaluate the numerous reports of veteran airline and military pilots, and other competent trained observers who have seen'UFOs and sometimes flown close formation with them for many minutes. Strictly from the technical viewpoint, few people in the United States are.prepared by formal education, or otherwise, to accept the concept of natural plasma -the fourth state of matter, in which a few ounces of ionized (electrified) air can be kept glowing and re- strained for significant periods inside a "bottle" formed by the earth's magnetic field. Flow can these plasmas grow to diameters of more than 100 feet and, on occa- sion, maneuver with what appears to be "intelligence"? A final objection, though one which most of us prob- ably won't admit, arises from a hope the glowing air theory is wrong because it tends to eliminate the pos- sibility of this generation's participating in the greatest of all adventures-an encounter with beings from an- other world. In spite of those objections, most readers of the -book, U}{ Os-Identiied,* probably will give up their daydreams and accept the plasma theory as the most plausible solution to the great flying saucer mystery. The author, Philip j. Klass, has collected a mass of data and generated a strong argument to support it. His conclusion, in effect, is that there has been no hoax in the majority of the thousands of UFO sightings. He believes the observers did see something, a plasma, (Continued on following page) Approved For Release 2001 /04/02u,-eI&r PP,8 290 pp., $6.95 ,F Q`~$ n - ~t?~,1 Y., . CE,Magazina ? Apri( 1'968 __ ; and th Ape ros eye FQr tReletalsei 20t01.104/02 v CIA-RQ)P81 R005$0I .000100010004-7 t(-i; years of the most significant cases of mistaken identity on scientific record. vir. Klass's explanation for the lateness in eppre- Ciating this phenomenon is that the sensationalism surrounding UFOs has kept serious scientists at a dis- tance. He doesn't claim to have originated the idea that UFOs arc a form of Kttgclblitz (ball lightning) or an electrified plasma of air. But he does make two innportant contributions. L One is an exhaustive reporting job, which is sufri- ciently detailed and restrained to appeal to scientists. No previous publication comes close to making as strong a case for the plasma theory. It is likely that at the very least Mr. Klass's book will provide the spark: to ignite extensive and badly needed scientific investigation of the subject. At the same time, the book has great appeal for the layman. Mr. Klass relates his experiences as a detec- tive story-his initial reluctance to consider UFO sightings seriously, the first suspicions that plasma vas involved, the occurrences that prompted his decision to make a detailed investigation of many sightings, and some of the bizarre adventures that befall one entering the UFO "community" for the first time. Virtually anyone interested in UFOs can understand the book, and those who do will run the risk of be- coming converts to the plasma theory. Phil Klass has some unique qualifications for writing this book, which I can attest to personally, as we worked together four years on the staff of Aviation Week & Space Technology, where he is now Senior Avionics ex _icn e or_ advanced pro ccis at Canerai Electric before turning to technical reporting, and, he is krowl- edgeabie about plasmas. But much more important is his prodigious capacity for r nor iilg a heir writing. In his s., eei1 years with Aviatzon Week he has poured out :: volume o stories that proI)ably \l%011 t eve- be eCini 11 in 'the leCI- C, reporting iiekl. His record is of the Babe Ruth variety; few people will conic' close. To top it off, lr. Klass has a high batting average for accuracy. L -Lc is seldom The combination is formidableinn it is apparent a l iris book, UFOs-idc,-IJ* cd. Ti Ishii is \vrong on this one, he's picked a lnlu. But the chances of 11;5 thesis being incorrect seem small. He reports a survey conducted: by Dr. J. Rand McNally, Jr., of the Atomic Energy Commission's Oak Ridge Laboratories. Nearly 16,000 persons were inter- viewed, and only 513, or 3.2 percent, reported ever having seen ball Iightning. Mr. Klass discusses talks with a number of other scientists who have studied Ktt--elblitz. Some of this work has related to possible defenses against missiles. So far this aspect has proved fruitless, but it has pro- duced several exports in the field. One of them, Dr. Martin A. Uman of the Westinghouse Research Labo- ratories, believes that ball lightning is a family of phe- nomena, one of which can be triggered by the corona- type of electrical discharge that glows around high- voltage power lines. Dr. Uman's corona theory fits right in with Mr. ::all lightning, or Kitgelblil , is shown at left in tinis trine- expo-Sure photograph taken liy Dr. B. T. Vatiliias in 1961 at Los Alamos, N. M. Ball lightning lzsnally is re- ported during or after a thunder- storm. However, according to Mr. Klass, other forms of natural plasma have been triggered on clear days, at high and low altitude, by power line corona and electrical discharges from aircraft. Approved For Release 02- -C A--RDP8I-R00560R00fl4000i 0004-7 Approved. For Release 2001/04/02: CIA-RDP81 R00560R000100010004-7 l: oto";:?at)'I of (r i:) Sit SYceI'-s1ta wuF... of t. a; :'T t+:.a T'iis s:.:...ce curo .'#.'1oin a:ie tl cC::o>I O i 'g'h teiisioa lines. Only the saucer-shaped llor:ion was visililc to F neei ::rsd his companions, suggesting that the "tail" wits radiating infrared energy outside of the visible light portion of the Spectrum. Klass's own conclusions. Mr. Klass's investigations began when he read the book Incident at Exeter, in which John G. Fuller reported exhaustively on widely publicized UFO sightings near Exeter, N. H. Mr. Ful- ler suggested, among other things, that most of the sightings had taken place near power lines because the "objects" were seeking the power. Mr. Klass ex- plains the sightings in the area on the basis of a com- bination of salt air from the sea, the dry dusty atmos- phere that summer, possibly extra-high voltage exeur- A hat USAF Is Doing About UFOs An independent investigation of UFO sightings is under wat/ at the University of Colorado. The Air Force is sponsoring the study, but has given Dr. Ed- ward U. Condon, the project leader and former direc- tor of the National Bureau of Standards, a completely free hand in seeking a valid explanation of UFO phenomena. The Colorado .study was initiated about two years ago after complaints from UFO enthusiasts about the USAF's "icithholding" of flying saucer information had reached the thunderous stage. A report from the Colorado group is due next fall. It will be reviewed by a special group from the National Academy of Sciences. The Air Force also is continuing to record and in- AIR FORCE Magazine ? April 1968 sions in the power system, and other conditions that tend to create plasma discharges. As Mr. Klass records, he believes that virtually all UFO sightings at low altitude are either out-and-out hoaxes or can be explained by the corona-discharge theory. High-altitude UFOs are another matter, and Mr. Klass suggests they are triggered by aircraft when at- mospheric conditions are right. This could occur when an aircraft accumulates a relatively high electrical charge and a discharge occurs at the wingtip and "ignites" water vapor, ice crystals, or pollution products in the wingtip vortex. World War II "foo-fighter" reports of glowing fire- balls shooting past aircraft or flying "formation" for. many minutes, and more recent UFO reports of large saucer- and cigar-shaped objects, are similarly credited by Mr. Klass to this type of phenomena. Scientific interest has been aroused, and Mr. Klass reports on conversations with many physicists who are beginning to look at UFOs as a matter for serious in- vestigation. Many men are equipped for serious study, as Ku,,elblitz and plasma are being created experi- mentally in many laboratories. However, a rigorous answer to the question is going to take a unique ex- pert,'se in plasma and atmospheric physics, and to date no one has suggested an easy method of experimen- tally proving the theory. One current need is for more detailed descriptions of foo fighter and UFO sightings at high altitude. Anyone who has had such experiences is invited to get (Continued on following page) .lease 2001/04/02 : CIA-RDP81 R00560R000100010004-7 Approved For Release-2001/04/02 CIA-RDP81 R0056OR000100010004-7 it plasma in the process of shorting out a high-frc(tncnev radio antenna for the USAF /:ai:irtin Titan III launch vehicle 'gyp is shown at right. tliost antenna deigns have this type of vain ail) eliainher test of broadcasting characteristics ill a heal'-space environ- mclit. Mr. Khls.. cites such ante) an shorts as another nlecha- n.ism for Creating plasma UFOs in the atmosphere, and in space near the earth. in touch with Mr. Philip Klass through this magazine. Mr. Klass also is experiencing the saddest aspects of "UFO fever." Men who have "flown" on saucers, around the earth, and "to other worlds" are attracting cults of believers. Some are booked solid on speaking tours, appear regularly on TV, and are followed about by newspaper reporters. Some are taking in substantial sums from their followers. One young woman recently called Mr. Klass from Florida to ask his opinion on a move her in-laws were about to make. They were being encouraged by a saucer "flyer" to donate their home and savings to an institute of "cosmic" research and to come to California to live on a ranch which is "visited" by the saucermen. The young woman, incidentally, alienated her in- laws by recommending against the move. She is now accused of wanting their money herself. $10,000 OFFER Philip Klass, author of UFOs -Identified, has not yet had any takers for his offer to par/ .$10,000 to ant /one who signs an agreement with him, Mr. Klass Will pay the .$10,000 when an authentic ext'ratcrres- trial visitor appears on live television or presents his credentials to the United Nations, or if a crashed .spacecraft is found which clearly exhibits construc- tion techniques from another world. There's one catch-the other party to the agreement must agree to pay llr. Klass $250 a year until any of the above specified events occur. bargained for.-END "UFO fever" also has bitten large numbers of repu- table men and women. The most conservative of their organizations is NICAP (National Investigation Com- mittee for Aerial Phenomenon) with about 12,000 members. This group earnestly believes the UFO ques- tion has not been studied adequately by the govern- ment and has undertaken to do it itself. NICAP has sent its investigators all. over the United States and prepared detailed reports on thousands of sightings. It has attracted many thousands of man-hours of vol- unteer time from enthusiasts and maintains a small full-time staff. ,Most people familiar with its activities, Mr. Klass included, report they are not out to make a buck on the UFO craze. NICAP officials, however, do not put much stock in ,Mr. Klass's plasma theory. One says, "I-Ie is trying to explain one unknown with another unknown." Among the rank-and-file UFO believers, however, there is a strong resistance to Mr. Klass's idea because it seems to rule out the possibility of extraterrestrial life, at least in terms of current visits to this small planet. But this must be recognized as a narrow view. Certainly it doesn't do justice to UFO enthusiasts of two decac es ago. They would have looked at many options for an advanced world sending out space trav- elers. Solid "earth-style" vehicles piloted by what has become the stereotype "little green men" are only one possibility. Who is to say that advanced civilizations cannot-or do not-travel in plasma form? After all, it is now well known that the universe itself is ninety- nine percent plasma, and an earth type assemblage of atoms is an occurrence of relative rarity. Mr. Klass may have started far more than even he Approved For Release 2001/04/02 : CIA-RDP81 R00560R0001QQMQ Q49Zine ? April 1963 Approved For Release 2001/04/02 : CIA-RDP81 R00560R0001 00010004-7 Available Approved For Release 2001/04/02 : CIA-RDP81 R00560R000100010004-7