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December 9, 2016
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July 12, 2000
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October 22, 1958
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Approved For Release 2000/09/01 : CIA-RDP81S00991R000100120001-9 OFFICIAL USE ONLY October 22, 1958 DEPARTMENT OF STATE Division of Biographic Information The Division of BiORM21112_11E211TqL151E2 25X1 L Vhat is it? 2e Tat is its purpose? )..ere does it get its information? 4. Row does it handle the inforMation it obtains? 5. 1-ho benefits from its operations? le THAT IS IT? One of three divisions in the Office of Intelligence Resources and Coordination (IEC) It maintains the Denartment of State's central biographic file, It specializes in collecting, evaluating, and disseminating bio- graphic information on prominent people in foreign countries through- out the world* -BI is divided into branches covering geographic areas, with analysts assigned to identify and keep records on the leading personalities in each country* -It is a "Yhols ,:hon Plus operation. It frequently know more about a person than what is oiarriray found in nThoge Vhe publications; and it knows something about many people mho never rate a published nho's Vhon listing. -BI maintains systematic files on something like a million people* and the files are naturally growing every day* BUT BI IS OILY ON14; ?ART.. of the Government's entire Biographic Intelli- gence set-ups -BI assumes responsibility for personalities who fall essentially into the political* cultural, economic* and sociological fields. -CIA assumes responsibility for scientigtg and technological per- sonalities. The DEPART:2-1T OF DEFENSE keeps similar biographic files on mili- tary personalities* OFFICIAL USE ONLY State Dept. declassification & release instructions on file Approved For Release 2000/09/01 : CIA-RDP81S00991R000100120001-9 Approved For Release 2000/09/01 : CIA-RDP81S00991R000100120001-9 'L! 1,11AF IS ITS PIDIT-MT,? to bc, promPed to provites, bknotice, comprehensives concerning :1113 backgrounds basic -grteaull;e wbo directly or in- olicies of their ourra '2 attitudE,Aso?and-r57fraol..i.lesof Uei1iy LntLuec dattestic and internatI countries., and uhme activitiets are of inte agencies. ? ?431 do lar t terest itself in Amer! -Among the foreigners in Wham BI is particularly interested are: he Heeereign or head of states meibers of his famibrs :7nel-1J:ening executive assistants. ;aW-c?* members. The most imeorteet officials of minis - ielee or denartmente (particularly :,hose concerned with reeefen affair but also Justice, eolice, Industry and :7 :Inn ? te norti an colonial territories:, end their ranking or( ? delegates to important interuatienal or regional q:onteences arei representatives witn international or- genieetionv concerned with politic. or security affairs, meveeents, labor movements, eto0 le:milers of officer rank in the dip .tic and consular -i,ea0(-r3 in political parties. .)-rev ding officers, head of coanieteess and other in uiU.werbers of legislative beiies? nnoveenors, mayors., and other prominent local officials? t .11p: businessynen educators, rx iapapermens writers, "rtjt. -.Leaere in significant national or international fraternal ond tioctal organizations, -Vital etenistics and career data are viewed as simply a starting point in Vr.?, shady of a foreign personality? n-A more counleto and intimate knowledge of leaders is often an 'Iiindispeneede aid in understandirg conditions in a countrys and, :lnanticipeting pessible developments, -Thee, tho ranters of personality and capacities are matters of MON c.Ince:n, Approved For Release 2000/09/01 : CIA-RDP81S00991R000100120001-9 Approved For Release 2000/09/01 : CIA-RDP81S00991R000100120001-9 0::Jurp2se, continued) 3 0 -BI seeks to know as much as possible about such things as: -A persongs influence and reputation; - ether he is controlled by others; 4bether his influence is on the wNy up or down; -His views on significant issues: e.g. ..Freedom of enterprise vs nationalization; -Church schools vs public schools .Cultural exchanges between the Free ttrld and Bed areas .Economic intercourse between the two political spheres -Authoritarian ve liberal form of government, etc. ? connections with significant /firmaments and developments -His executive, professional, or technical abilities -His educational background -His religious and cultural background -His knowledge of languages -His family status -His extra-professional interests (hobbies, inclinations) -His vanities, enthusiasm, prejudices, weaknesses, eusceptibilities -His appearance, manners, and mannerisms In sum, BIle aim is to be ready at any tine to provide U.S. Government agencies and officials with the kind of information on foreign personalities which will facilitate intercourse with them, on an advantageous basin. WHERE DOES IT GET ITS IMIDIATION in order to achieve its purpose? The U.S. Government was relatively slow in developing a coordinated biographic program. -Other governments have long had extensive biographic intelli- gence services. -Ours wes haphazard before 1942. Approved For Release 2000/09/01 : CIA-RDP81S00991R000100120001-9 Approved For Release 2000/09/01 : CIA-RDP81S00991R000100120001-9 3. WHERE DCES IT GET ITS INFORMATION (continued) -BI was created in 1946. c'It took over the files of the Personal Intelligence Section of the Division of Economic Security Controls (State), those of the Office of Strategic Servideiii those of the Mots Uhe Branch of Ga.2 (Amy), and those accurdilated by other private and governmental collectors during the war years. -!ow the U.S. GOVernment has an effective instrument in the field of bietrephic intelligence. -Principal current eources of information: -.Reporting by Foreign Service posts: -The formal "Biographic Data" report prepared in the field is the regular vehicle used by Foreign Service Officers to tell the Department what they know about significant personalities in their area of assignment. -Larger posts are staffed with full-time biographic officers who gather information from all local sources available to them and who report to the Department. -BI has access to practically all ether reports, on various subjects:, sent in from Foreign Service estab- lishments throughout the wOrld. . -Analysts in. BI screen all such material for frag- ments of biographic interest0 it is realized that over 200 Foreign Service Officers were given End User reports by BI for their work during fiscal year 19570 one gets some indica- tion of the degree of participation of the Foreign Service in the Biographic Program. -Foreign Service personnel returning to the Department are often debriefed. -Documents originating with other Government agencies are also screened. -Principal agencies involved are: -CIA The Defense Department (Army, Air, and Naval Attach6s) -USIA (Public Affairs Officers, Cultural Attach6s) Approved For Release 2000/09/01 : CIA-RDP81S00991R000100120001-9 Approved For Release 2000/09/01 : CIA-RD.psiS00991R000100120r -9 IIEIRE DOES IT GT ITS InvoRmATIon (contintted) --ether Sources: -The Press (foreign and domestic newspapere Lbws Agencies (tickers). 25X1 -Forel n broadcasts -Publications of numerous kinds: -"Moll 3 hot/ directories -Collections of published biographies -Goverment directcries -Diplomatic biographic registers -Diplomatic lists -Parliamentary directories -Civil service lists -Directories put out by International Organi- zations, and bulletins 25X1 -Business? professional directories (doctorS, journalists, clergy, ego) -Bulletins of various organizations (e,g, labor, business, cultural, lobby groups) -And Books. (e.g, on political hiatory? on labor movements) 4. WHAT HAPPENS TO THE INFORMATION gathered from such numerous and varied sources? -Evaluation of reliability is obviously an extremely important matter. -The possibility of bias and of distortion of fact always has to be kept in mind and taken into account when an item is selected for the biographic files, -Processing documents -Each docuMent reaching HI is screened by Specialized analysts for iteMs of biographie intelligence, .The fragment maybe simply an identification of a person as occupy.- ing some position at a given time. -Or, it may be a detail regarding his education, family or political connection, Approved For Release 2000/09/01 : CIA-RDP81S00991R000100120001-9 Approved For Release 2000/09/01 : CIA-RDP81S00991R000100120001-9 4. tTAT HAPPENS TO TIL INORMRTION (continued) 6 -It may be a photograph. -Also, it maybe quite a lengthy exposition of his views on some significant topic. -Brief fragments are typed on cards and filed in chronological order, approximating as closely as possible the date of the event. -Longer items are filed in the person's biographic folder, likewine in chronological order. -As such fragments fall into the files over a period of time, like pieces of a mosaic, the picture of the man automatically grows clearer and clearer. :Uses made of the files -As occasions arise, the analyst can supply rather quickly the kind of information needed in a given circumstance by a duly interested offi- cial. -BI attempts to "tailor" its reports strictly to the needs of its cus- toMer. The occasion may call simply for a brief unclassified sketch given over the phone to an officer who is to meet the foreigner at lunch. -Or, the reedimay require a fulls and frequently highly classified, written report on the personalities of a new government, or on an international adventurer. -Briefing papers are often prepared for U.S. officials before their trips into foreign areas, on personalities they are likely to meet. -E.g. Vice President Aixon's trip to Africa Under Secretary Herter 'a trip to Malaya -Similarly, biographies are prepared on foreign delegations to im- portant international meetings, for use by members of the U.S. delegations. -E.g. The UN General Assemb harbh Atlantic Counc SEATO conferences eetings; Approved For Release 2000/09/01 : CIA-RDP81S00991R000100120001-9 Approved For Release 2000/09/01 : CIA-RDP81S00991R000100120001-9 4. WHAT HAPPENS TO THE INFOILUION (continued) -Forms employed inmasts vary according to the purpose for which they are written% -Ad hoc reports .3P,Rtiaat.55 -These are usually typed in a small number of copies, destined for a specific customer? -Haports of broader interest are put out in mimeographed form and Yeceive a more or less wide distribution? The Biogrmhic Brief is such a document prepared within a few hours afterThiglin personality assumes a highly significant position or posture? Etsg0 a new prime minister -The BieLF:p.phic H....f2gt is fuller treatment of either a single personality, or of a group of individuals in a single context? -E4g, A government, or a delegation -Published reports issued in printed form, as opposed to mimeographed form The Biogruhic Directory is a listing by name and position of governmental and party organizations of Soviet bloc countries? E.g. The directory, Soviet Political Leaders which listed over 8,000 names with positiontitles? -.NIS Contributions -Sections 59 -Biographic studies of the key personalities in poli- tical, economic, sociological, and cultural fields in a given country* Key Personalities (KP's) -Biographic studies of the key personalities in all fields of endeavor in a given country* These biographies represent a cooperative effort and are prepared by Army, Navy? Air Force, CIA, and State, each agency contributing reports on persons in its area of responsibility, plements VI -.Studies in depth of Communism in any given country in the Free lerld* Included are biographies of Communist leaders and others who are active in pro- moting the Communist cause* Approved For Release 2000/09/01 : CIA-RDP81S00991R000100120001-9 Approved For Release 2000/09/01 : CIA-RDP81S00991R000100120001-9 TJAPPEW-3 TO TIE (contiauad) ;-,ornational Communism (3.08) -:3tud1es of Communist front organilIations including 'biographies of the leaders of such organizations. WHO BENEFITS FR011 Bios operations? -BI is essentially a service organizationo 7, quite an extensive lientelm biographic fulformation on OM.. 30000 individuals a 1,Aonth to mar offices in the Department ard ino1:,her Government ,tgencj es . -Home of the principal users of BI materia:t arel -in the Denartment: Ccimtry politaeal desks (and thr.11.1. "Iir search desks -Th3 Visa Office . e Historical Division -T-e. Bureau of International Org,' atfo:,r,s -M3 Bureau of Economic Affairn -T -e International EdUcation &cLng mice (IEE) -Areign Service posts (including IBM) -Other AF;encies of the Governmen: -CIA Participat with BI in the Oovernp.- toent'ds totia biogTaphic progYam -rtfense Departaent ) -ICA (International Cooperation Pdministration) -T-reastiry Depar6ment -1E-LA (U.S. Information AgencY) --OCB (Operations Coordinating 'Bcard) -Justice Department (FBI) -Ccfcress From time to time,, B1 receives requests for inf ..waticn from pracically every. executive doPartment. Approved For Release 2000/09/01 : CIA-RDP81S00991R000100120001-9