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Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE SURVEY REFERENCE GUIDE This revision, of the NIS Reference Guide is issued under the NIS maintenance program. It supersedes the original Reference Guide, dated July 1957, copies of which should be destroyed. CENTRAL INTELLIGENCE AGENCY OFFICE OF BASIC INTELLIGENCE Washington, D. C. CONFIDENTIAL Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 WARNING This document contains information affecting the national defense of the United States, within the meaning of Title 18, Sections 793 and 794, of the U. S. Code, as amended. Its transmission or revelation of its contents to or receipt by an unauthorized person is prohibited by law. Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 JULY 1959 NIS REFERENCE GUIDE CONFIDENTIAL TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 The NIS Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 NIS Areas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Contents of NIS Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 NIS Correlation Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 NIS Areas Index Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Follows page 28 NIS Quarterly Production Report . . . . . . . . . Pocket on back cover Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 :oliectior.. in foreign areas, but to have it ready in the event of national emergency. In a letter written in 1945 to the Chief of Naval Operatio::-is, the Commandant, J.S. Marine Corps. pul, it as follows: Our experience in this war liar effectively proved if the United States is to nave the nece.,sary basic intelligence available for early plannin,z of possible operations, it is essential that such intelli- gence be collected, collated, published, and dis- i;ributed--i.e., ready to use-prior to the beginning of hostilities. The National Security Council gave attention to these wartime experiences and, on 13 January 1948, created the NIS Program and charged the Director of Cents?a1 Intelligence with responsibility for co- ordinating the efforts of the Intelligence Agencies, with support of other components of the Govern- ment, in the development and production of basic intelligence on foreign countries, areas, and broad special subjects as required in the interests of the national security. Basic Concepts of the NIS Program The NIS is designed to serve fully the basic intel- ligence requirements of the Department of Defense in strategic and high level operational planning, and the Department of State in formulating and executing U.S. foreign policy. The NIS also serves lower planning and operational levels in the Armed Forces and the Department of State and, in s.dditien, all other Government agencies which re- quiie basic intelligence in the accomplishment of 1heir missions. In general, the intelligence contained in the NIS is concerned with the relatively permanent features and fundamental characteristics of a country, area, ocean basin, or broad special subject, and covers such fields as the geographical, transportation, so- ciological, political, economic, scientific, and mili- tary aspects of the country or area or the funda- mental aspects of the broad special subject. The NIS Program has developed in two phases: first, the initial production of NIS on countries or areas in accordance with Joint Chiefs of Staff priorities and Intelligence Agency capabilities; and, second, the continuous maintenance of published NIS. The two phases proceed concurrently. The objective of the first phase has been to pro- duce integrated basic intelligence on all countries and areas within the limits of available informa- t icn. The objective of the second phase is to main- tain the continuing validity of the basic intelli- gence in published NIS. Worldwide collection of information for the NIS is a continuing process. Sections are revised and issued under the NIS maintenance progiLiiii when sufficient informa- tion is available to improve their adequacy as fol- lows: 1) presenting :undamentally changed situa- tions in an area; filling gaps in intelligence sufficient to require new evaluations; or 3) incor- porating new intelli ence requirements which re- fleet policy, plannl?ig, or high level operational needs. It is the responsibility of agencies having primary interest tc place each NIS unit actively on a maintenance basis as soon as the unit has been initially prod!:ced and to revise the unit for publication as required by these NIS maintenance criteria. Production for '. ^ie NIS Program requires an over-all collection (,!Tort covering all foreign coun- tries and areas of t ne world simultaneously. The intelligence data re iulting from this collection and continuous proses.:mg necessarily are more coin- prehensive and de`ailed than those appearing in the printed NIS anal constitute a eservoir of avail- able basic information to serve the interests of the national security. While each published NIS unit is an integral component in the National Intelligence Survey of comprehensive basic intelligence on the relevant area, it usually : published and disseminated separately for fle.ability in production, use, and maintenance. The NIS Standard Instructions are issued in im- plementation of National Security Council Intelli- gence Directive N ). 3. They contain a listing of NIS Areas, outlir-s of basic intelligence require- ments, allocation: of responsibility for production, and instructions ~cr the preparation of this intel- ligence. The Standard Instructions were prepared by a joint committee of representatives of the Director of Centr.ii Intelligence and the Chief's of Intelligence Agen,Aes of the Departments of State, the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force; were con- curred in by the Intelligence Advisory Committee; and were approv, N by the National Security Coun- cil. Changes in outline requirements and other modifications arf made when authorized and ap- proved by the permanent NIS Committee. The outlines and outline guides contained in the NIS Standard Instructions are so drafted as to cover all the basic intelligence aspects of the most complex foreign country or area. However, the appropriate treatment of any topic included in the outlines and ou -line guides is determined by the way that topic aiiplies to the particular country or area under consideration. In short, the outlines and outline guicaes are flexibly adaptable to the country or area ,r topic concerned. Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 JULY 1959 THE NIS PROGRAM CONFIDENTIAL A standard NIS is divided into chapters, each covering a major functional aspect of the country or area under consideration. These chapters are divided into sections, each of which treats a major subdivision of the field covered by the chapter. The standard NIS chapters are: Chapter I . Brief Chapter II Military Geography Chapter III Transportation and Telecom- munications Chapter IV ... Sociological Chapter V ... Political Chapter VI ... Economic Chapter VII Scientific Chapter VIII ... Armed Forces Chapter IX .. Map and Chart Appraisal The section is the basic unit of NIS production, dissemination, and subsequent maintenance. Each individual section carries its own security classi- fication, indicates the Intelligence Agency pri- marily responsible for its preparation, and bears the date on which the responsible agency approved the material for NIS publication. When appropriate, chapter discussion is ampli- fied by more detailed treatment in one or more supplements. Supplements are prepared only if the topic in question is sufficiently important in an NIS Area to warrant this detailed treatment. There are six supplements: Supplement I Ports and Naval Facilities Supplement II Coasts and Landing Beaches Supplement III Telecommunications Supplement IV Urban Areas Supplement V Petroleum Supplement VI Communism The NIS on Ocean Areas, entitled Marine Climate and Oceanography, divides the world's four ocean basins into Parts, which are units of production and maintenance. Ocean basins are designated as follows : NIS 104 Atlantic Basin 11 Parts NIS 105 Pacific Basin 12 Parts NIS 106 Indian Basin 4 Parts NIS 107 Arctic Basin 1 Part Basic intelligence on International Communism is covered in the NIS in two units. One unit, SUP- PLEMENT VI (Communism), provides intelligence on the Communist apparatus in individual coun- tries. The second unit appears as NIS 108 (In- ternational Communism) and gives integrated coverage on worldwide Communist front organi- zations. The standard NIS includes a gazetteer of geo- graphic names approved by the United States Board on Geographic Names. NIS Gazetteers are issued as separate volumes. A consolidated biographical reference work, Key Personalities, is prepared for each standard NIS. An NIS Annual is prepared to provide limited maintenance of CHAPTER I between formal revisions of that Chapter. Separate entities within a larger NIS Area, such as the Vatican within NIS 17 (Italy), may be sepa- rately produced as Annexes to the pertinent Intro- duction Sections. Use of the NIS The NIS is used by components of the Govern- ment both in Washington and in the field for a wide range of purposes from the highest policy and planning to operational levels. In consequence, the manner in which the NIS is used and the amount of detail desired is subject to wide latitude. The NIS is designed to satisfy these requirements within practical limits by providing NIS units at three levels of detail within the integrated survey: 1) A succinct summary in CHAPTER I; 2) more com- prehensive coverage in CHAPTERS II-IX; 3) exten- sive detail on certain subjects in Supplements. The CHAPTER I (Brief) of the NIS is based on de- tailed research supporting production of the other NIS chapters and provides an evaluative overview of the important basic intelligence on an NIS Area. It is designed to present a clear, concise view of the area and to contain sufficient detail within itself to serve as an initial basis for strategic planning. CHAPTER I alone is not expected to support plan- ning in depth nor to provide the user with all the details required for any special purpose. Addi- tional details may be located by consulting the Master Index, which correlates CHAPTER I with the other sections, chapters, and supplements of the complete NIS on that area. The user will find more comprehensive coverage Of CHAPTERS II-IX topics in the regular NIS Sec- tions, whose contents are described elsewhere in the NIS Reference Guide. In addition, the user should always consult the related Introduction Section of each Chapter for integrated treatment not covered in the topical section. Since there are many significant topical interrelationships in an NIS, the user should not expect to find full coverage of a topic within a single section. For his guidance, therefore, a short description of the more important interrelationships appears on the first page of most sections under the section title. A more comprehensive list of related sections is contained in the NIS Correlation Guide appear- ing elsewhere in this publication. Certain topics requiring detailed coverage be- yond that normally contained in CHAPTERS II-IX are provided in the NIS Supplements, which are described elsewhere in the NIS Reference Guide. The NIS is concerned with the fundamental situ- ation in a country or area, and remains generally valid with respect to the fundamental situation until superseded by revisions under the NIS main- tenance program. The user may keep himself abreast of the immediate situation by applying current intelligence to that contained in the NIS. CONFIDENTIAI, Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81S00991 R000200100009-2 NIS Areas (See NIS Areas Index Map following page 28) of purposes of ready identification the entire world, land and sea, except the continental United States, :.s divided into numbered NIS Areas. The NIS Area numbers and titles are given in the list below. The NIS Area numbers combine with NIS Section, Chapter, or Supplement numbers (see NIS Outlines) to identify each printed NIS unit by con- venient short title. NIS Areas are numbered consecutively from NIS 1 through NIS 107. Land areas are covered in Ni_S 1 th.rcugh 103. Ocean areas are covered in N =S 104 through 107. NIS 108 is titled "Interna- 25X6 tional Communism: ' and gives integrated world- wide coverage on Communist front organizations. Political developments have required from time to time that some ,: f the originally designated NIS Areas be divided into two or more new NIS Areas, which are designated by the addition of capital letters to the original NIS numbers. Complete NIS are being produced on these new Areas. However, in the intervening period it may be necessary to refer to the original NIS Area for coverage on cer- tain topics. (Offshore island possessions are normally included in the related NIS Areas; see NIS Base Maps in pubizshed NIS units for boundaries.) '15A :~r5B Ireland France Netherlands Belgium rnixembourg Denmark .'ortugal Cain 'Norway weden Fir, land 4witzerland Austria taly Republic of Ireland. France and Monaco. Netherlands. Belgium. Luxembourg. Denmark, including the Faeroe Island. Portugal, including the Azores, Madera, and the Cape Verde Islands. Spain, including the Canary Islands nd Andorra. Norway, including Svalbard and Jan Mayen.. Sweden. Finland. 25X6 "German Democratic Republic" and Scv.iet Sector of Berlin. 25X6 t)f Danzig and the portions of Switzerland and Liechtenstein. Austria. Italy, San Marino, Vatican City, Trieste administered by Italy. Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia. lu.igary Hungary. Albania Albania. Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, and the luniania Bulgaria Greece Gibraltar, Malta and Cyprus Gibraltar Malta Cyprus U.S.S.R. Yugoslavia. Rumania. Bulgaria. Greece. Gibraltar, Maltese Gibraltar. Maltese Islands. Cyprus. U.S.S.R. within present de facto boundaries, including the Baltic Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81S00991 R000200100009-2 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 JULY 1959 NIS AREAS NIS TITLE GENERAL AREA (Chapter II) the U.S.S.R. is divided into 5 parts as follows: Part I European U.S.S.R. European U.S.S.R. within present de facto boundaries, including the Baltic States and northern East Prussia. Part II Soviet Central Asia Soviet Central Asia. Part III Urals and West Siberian Plain Urals and West Siberian Plain, including Tannu Tuva. Part IV Central and Eastern Siberia Central and Eastern Siberia, including the Kuril Islands and Sakhalin. Part V The Caucasus The Caucasus, including Soviet Transcaucasia. 27 Turkey Turkey. 28 Syria and Lebanon Syria and Lebanon. 28A Syria Syria. 2813 Lebanon Lebanon. 29 Jordan Jordan. Iraq. 25X6 Israel. 32 Arabian Peninsula Arabian Peninsula, including Saudi Arabia Kuwait, Kuwait-Saudi Arabia Neutral Zone, Iraq-Saudi Arabia Neutral Zone, Bahrein, Qatar, Trucial Coast, Muscat and Oman, Yemen, Colony of Aden, and Aden Protectorate (including Socotra). 33 Iran Iran. 34 Afghanistan Afghanistan. 35 India India, including Andaman, Nicobar and Laccadive Islands, Jammu and Kashmir, Nepal, Bhutan, and Portuguese India. 36 Pakistan East and West Pakistan and the Oman settlement of Gwadar. 37 Ceylon Ceylon. 38 Burma Burma. 39 China China, including Tibet and Taiwan; Hong Kong and Macao. 39A Communist China Communist China, including Tibet. For geographic treatment (Chapter II) Communist China is divided into 4 parts as follows: Part I Western China Western China, including Tibet. Part II Manchuria Manchuria. Part III North China North China. Part IV South China South China, including all Communist-held islands. 39B Nationalist China Nationalist China, including all Nationalist-held islands; Hong Kong and Macao. 40 Mongolia "Mongolian Peoples Republic." 41 Korea Korea. 41A North Korea North Korea. 41B South Korea Republic of Korea. 42 Thailand Thailand. 43 Indochina Former Indochina. 43A Cambodia Cambodia. 43B Laos Laos. 43C North Vietnam North Vietnam. 43D South Vietnam South Vietnam, the Paracel Islands, Spratly Island, and other islands and reefs to the eastward. 44 British Indonesia Federation of Malaya, Singapore, Sarawak, Brunei, and North Borneo. 44A Malaya and Singapore Federation of Malaya and Singapore. 44B British Borneo Sarawak, Brunei. 25X6 unisia Tunisia. 47 Algeria Algeria. 48 Morocco Morocco and Ifni. 49 Libya Libya. 50 West Africa Ghana, Nigeria, British Cameroons, Western African Member States of the French Community, Guinea, Togo, Spanish Sahara, Sierra Leone, Gam- bia, and Portuguese Guinea. 50A Ghana Ghana. 50B Nigeria and British Cameroons Nigeria and British Cameroons. 50C French West Africa, Guinea, Western African Member States of the French Community (includes Togo, and Spanish Sahara Dahomey, Ivory Coast, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, Soudan, and Volta), Guinea, Togo, and Spanish Sahara. 50D Sierra Leone, Gambia, and Sierra Leone, Gambia, and Portuguese Guinea. Portuguese Guinea 51 Liberia Liberia. F"'cwt `_ t? c,- t.'~ ~pproved Fo e`lease 2000/04%18: C -RDP81 Sc 991 R000200100009-2 ,AA S+iB ;5 7 25X6 25X6 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 NIS REFERENCE GUIDE JULY 1959 TITLE t~iquatorial Africa t'%gypt United Arab Republic Sudan Ethiopia, Eritrea, and the ~omalilands British East Africa Kenya and Zanzibar Pro- a;iwtorate Uganda Tanganyika Rhodesia and Nyasaland Mozambique Angola i3eigian Congo ,ionth Africa Malgache Republic and Re- union Indian ocean Islands Grcenland h?eland Cruatemala British Honduras Honduras F l Salvador Nicaragua costa Rica Panama Cuba Haiti I )ominican Republic British Western Atlantic ;essions GENERAL AREA Equatorial African Member States c: the French Community (Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, and ijabon), Cameroun, Spanish Guinea (includes Rio Muni, Annobon, Fern ndo Po, Corisco and Islas Elobey), and Sao Tome e Principe. Egypt, including the "Gaza Strip." Egypt and Syria. Sudan. Ethiopia, Eritrea, British Somaliland, _rench Somaliland, and Somalia. Kenya, Zanzibar Protectorate, Ugana , and Tanganyika. Kenya and Zanzibar Protectorate. Uganda. Tanganyika. Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasalar 1. Mozambique. Angola, including Cabinda. Belgian Congo and Ruanda-Urundi. Union of South Africa, South-Wes, Africa; Bechuanaland, Swaziland, and Basutoland. Madagascar and Comoro Islands, an. Reunion. Maldive Islands, Mauritius, Christm s Island, Cocos Islands, Seychelles, Prince Edward Islands, Crozet Islarids, Kerguelen Islands, Heard Island, NiDonald Islands, Amsterdam Isla id, and St. Paul Island. Colony of Saint Helena (includes A. tension Island, Saint Helena Island, and the Tristan da Cunha Group , Falkland Islands, South Georgia, South Sandwich Islands, South Or:ney islands, South Shetland Islands, and Bouvet Island. Territory of Alaska. Greenland. Iceland. Antarctica. 25X6 British Honduras. Honduras, including territory north the Rio Coco. El Salvador, including small areas c. cirned by Honduras. Nicaragua. Costa Rica, including Cocos Island. Panama, including the Canal Zone. Cuba. Haiti. Dominican Republic. Colonies of the Bahamas, Jamaica including dependencies of Cayman islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Morant Cays, and Pedro Cays), Lee- ward Islands, Barbados, Dominica Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent, T:,,inidad and Tobago, and Bermuc+ L. Jamaica (including dependencies o Cayman Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands, Morant Cays and Pedro Cays), Leeward Islands, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent, Trinidad and Tobago. Colonies of Berumda, the Bahamas, .nd the British Virgin Islands. Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao, Saba, Sin. Eustatius, and Dutch part of Saint Martin. Martinique, Guadeloupe and DepF ndencies (Marie Galante, Iles des Saintes, Desirade, Saint Bartheler.Ly), and French part of Saint Martin. Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands, Swan Islands, Corn Islands, N avassa island, Serrana Bank, ?rranilla Bank, Roncador Bank, and Quita Sueno Bank. Colombia, including Isla de Mail lo, Archipielago de San Andres y ITrovidencia. Venezuela. Ecuador, including the Galapagos 1 -lands. Peru. Chile, including Easter Island? Isla Sala y Gomez, Islas Fernandez., Isla San Felix, Isla San Ambrosio, and islands south of Tierra del Fuego Bermuda, Bahama Islands, and British Virgin Islands Netherlands Antilles Ti S. Possessions in Carib- bean ti enezuela P,'cuador eru chile !)() Argentina 9i tlruguay PAGE b riisputed with Argentina. Argentina, including Isla Martin G reia. Uruguay. CONFIDENTIAL Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 25X6 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 JULY 1959 NIS AREAS CONFIDENTIAL 25X6 92 Paraguay 93 Bolivia 94 Brazil Hawaii Philippines Indonesia Republic of Indonesia Netherlands New Guinea West Pacific Islands For geographic treatment (Chapter II) Brazil is divided into 2 parts as follows: Part I Southeast Brazil Southeast Brazil. Part II Northwest Brazil Northwest Brazil. 95 The Guianas British Guiana, Surinam, and French Guiana. 95A British Guiana British Guiana. 95B Surinam Surinam. 95C French Guiana French Guiana. 98 99 100 100A 100B 101 Paraguay. Bolivia. Brazil, including Ilha de Trindade, Fernando de Noronha, Rochedos Sao Pedro e Sao Paulo. 25X6 Hawaiian Islands. Philippine Islands. Republic of Indonesia, Netherlands New Guinea, and Portuguese Timor. Republic of Indonesia and Portuguese Timor. Netherlands New Guinea. All islands in the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, Wake Atoll, Guam, Johnston Island, Sand Island, and the Midway Islands. Territory of Papua, Territory of New Guinea, British Solomon Islands Protectorate, New Hebrides Condominium, New Caledonia and Dependen- cies, Colony of Fiji, Kingdom of Tonga, Gilbert Islands, Ellice Islands, Ocean Island, and Nauru. South Pacific Islands Palmyra Island, Kingman Reef, Phoenix Islands, Tokelau Islands, Samoa Islands, Cook Islands, Line Islands, the French establishments in Oceania, Pitcairn Island, and adjacent British Islands. MARINE CLIMATE AND OCEANOGRAPHY (NIS Areas 104 through 107 cover the world's ocean areas.) NIS TITLE I GENERAL AREA 104 Atlantic Basin Part I Western Sector of North Atlantic Part II Northern Sector of North Atlantic Part III East-Central Sector of North Atlantic Part IV Equatorial Atlantic Part V Central Sector of South Atlantic Part VI Southwestern Sector of South Atlantic and Southeastern Sector of South Pacific Part VII Southeastern Sector of South Atlantic Part VIII Eastern Sector of South Atlantic Part IX Mediterranean and Black Seas PartX Northeastern Sector of North Atlantic and the Baltic Sea Part XI Norwegian, Greenland, and Barents Seas 105 Pacific Basin Part I Northeastern Sector of North Pacific Part II Southeastern Sector of North Pacific Part III Northeastern Sector of South Pacific Part IV South-Central Sector of South Pacific Part V North-Central Sector of South Pacific Part VI South-Central Sector of North Pacific Part VII North-Central Sector of North Pacific Part VIII Bering Sea Part IX Northwestern Sector of North Pacific, the Sea of Okhotsk, and the Sea of Japan Part X Southwestern Sector of North Pacific Part XI South China Sea and Seas of the Malay Archipelago Part XII Western Sector of South Pacific Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 NIS REFERENCE GUIDE JULY 1959 "115 TITLE 1 {}y, Indian Basin Pa.rti Northeastern Sector of Indian Ocean Part 11 Southeastern Sector of Indian Ocean Part II:[ southwestern Sector of Indian Ocean Part IV Northwestern Sector of Indian Ocean i07 Arctic Basin (NIS 108 is a topical survey of worldwide Communist rront organi- (mtions. Each Part listed below is published as a separate unit.) Part I Part 11 Part III ';part IV art V 'art VI ?art VII 'art VIII :?art IX Part X Part XI Part XII Introduction 'the World Federation of Democratic Youth 'Ihe World Federation of Teachers Unions The International Union of Students and Intern tional Students Relief Women's International Democratic Federation International Organization of Journalists international Association of Democratic Lawyers World Federation of Scientific Workers 't'rade Union International of Transport, Port anc Fishery Workers international Federation of Resistance Fighters The World Peace Council The World Federation of Trade Unions ......................... Contents of NIS Units Chapter I-Brief CIA-C ,apter Coordinator brief of CHAPTERS II through IX designed to be sufficien - within itself to serve as an initial basis for strategic planning. SECTION 10 provides a chronology of important events. SECTION 11 sets forth the significance of t nIe NIS Area covered. Each of SECTIONS 12 through 19 summarizes a Chapter of CHAPTERS II through IX. A. section on Leading Personalities identifies outstanding governmental, military, cultural, business and other publicly recognized figures in ,he various fields of national life. A Master Index correlates CHAPTER I with the remaining units on the NIS Area concerned. A summary map condenses inteli;gence selected from i.:e general NIS map coverage of the Area. An NIS Annu~i i. is prepared to pro- 3;ide limited maintenance of CHAPTER I between formal revi-aons of the Chapter. Chapter II-Military Geography Army-Ullapter Coordinator Section 20-Introduction Army (w th ;joint assistance) liivaluative overview of the NIS Area's external geographic relationships and is significant internal geographic characteristics, including approaches, internal ujutes, boundaries, and strategic areas; summary map showing strategic areas, iva;. 4:1 Vital statistics :per. 42 Attitude toward hygiene, toward co- operative eflort on behalf of com- munity health :A,i 43 Relation of religious, educational, and informational institutions to public health and sanitation ;~eu 14 Manpower capabilities in the medical field; manpower effectiveness as a re- flection of medical care 46 Effect of health insurance and health legislation on general level of public health ~7er 52 Organization and administration of public health; controls er 55 Policies toward health and sanitation roblems p 3ec~. 61 Availability and kinds of food Sep 64 Industrial hygiene ec_ 76 Medical research ",h_ V[II Military medical services vii. IX Sociological maps SECTION 46 WELFARE Sec. 25 City districts; welfare aspects Sec. 41 Effects of living levels on population grow: tn; vital statistics Sec. 42 Attitudes toward welfare problems and r rograms; welfare problems and social attitudes $ec. 43 Reli ious agencies and educational prcr; rams related to public welfare Sec. 44 Dep!Indent and unemployed seg- ments of population; labor legislation and !rehabilitation Of handicapped Sec. 45 Medical care facilities and general health conditions as a factor in the stare lard of living. nutrition stand- ard. Sec. 52 Social security administration Sec. 53 Stand of political parties and pres- sure groups on public welfare issues Sec. 54 Typf:s and incidence of crime relat- ing .,) social problems; controls Sec. 55 Nati: nal policies with respect to so- cial aeifare Sec. 57 Vulr.erabilities to subversion stem- min;. from depressed socio-economic cont. `tions Sec. 61 Fooc balance sheet; rural living con- ditic,is agricultural welfare pro- grarr s Sec. 64 Industrial welfare programs Sec. 65 Bud;etary factors relating to social weitre programs Chapter V-Political to audition to other Chapter V sections: Siec. 20 Strategic significance of the Area ,aec- 40 Sociological factors affecting major political institutions, policies, and stability 7c~ 60 Major economic factors affecting po- litical strength and stability 3e, 61 Effects of land ownership and land use systems and of level of food pro- duction on political strength and sta- bility Sei 65 Effects on political strength and sta- bility of domestic and foreign trade and finance policies of the country (.e.g., tariffs, subsidies, and incen- tives) Sec. 80 Effe-:is on political strength and sta- bilit. of position of armed forces in the cuntry, including their political influ,nce Ch. TX Poli*tcal maps SECTION 51 THE "CONSTITUTIONAL SYSTEM Sec. 40 Maj r sociological factors affecting the orstitution and its application Sec. 42 Soci:l structure, values, and attitudes affecting constitutional provisions; posit ion of minorities in the society Sec. 43 Role of religious, educational, and in- forn_ational institutions in shaping con: t?itutional provisions Sec. 80 Legal basis for existence, control and over iii structure of the armed forces Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 JULY 1959 NIS CORRELATION GUIDE SECTION 52 STRUCTURE OF THE GOVERNMENT Sec. 25 Administrative significance of prin- cipal cities Sec. 31 Government control of railroads Sec. 54 Civil defense and penal procedures; civil police Sec. 55 Policy-making components Sec. 56 Intelligence and security agencies Sec. 57 Subversive affiliations of key person- alities Sec. 58 Propaganda agencies Sec. 59 or KP Key personalities Ch. IX Political maps-administrative sub- divisions SECTION 53 POLITICAL DYNAMICS Sec. 40 Major sociological factors affecting political dynamics Sec. 42 Minorities, attitudes of the people Sec. 43 Effect of religious beliefs on political dynamics Sec. 44 Labor-management tensions Sec. 46 Effects of living levels, major social problems, and social security systems on political dynamics Sec. 51 Constitutional aspects; civil rights Sec. 52 Legal aspects Sec. 55 Effects of policies of political parties on national policies Sec. 57 Subversive elements affecting politi- cal dynamics Sec. 58 Propaganda agencies and themes Sec. 59 or KP Key personalities Sup. VI Communist role in politics SECTION 54 PUBLIC ORDER AND SAFETY Sec. 41 Size of alien, immigrant and other segments of population which may present special police problems Sec. 42 Attitude of the people toward law observance Sec. 44 Police manpower; forced labor Sec. 45 Emergency relief measures Sec. 46 Delinquency Sec. 51 Constitutional aspects Sec. 52 Legal aspects Sec. 55 Civil defense policies Sec. 56 Security agencies Ch. VIII National Guard; paramilitary serv- ices; civil defense aspects Sup. VI Communist infiltration of police services SECTION 55 NATIONAL POLICIES Sec. 36 Merchant marine-subsidies, regula- tion, and international relations Sec. 42 Characteristics of the people affect- ing content and execution of national policies Sec. 43 Effects of religious, educational, and informational institutions upon formulation and execution of na- tional policies Sec. 44 Relationship of working conditions, labor relations and organizations to national policies Sec. 46 Welfare policies, including social se- curity; effects of living levels and major social problems on other na- tional policies Sec. 53 Effects of political parties and pres- sure groups on formation of policies Sec. 60 Role of the state in controlling eco- nomic activity Sec. 65 Foreign investments and foreign aid Sec. 80 Role of the armed forces, in imple- mentation of national defense poli- cies SECTION 56 INTELLIGENCE AND SECURITY Sec. 43 Censorship Sec. 51 Civil rights Sec. 52 Legal aspects Sec. 54 Civil police forces Sec. 55 International relations Sec. 57 Effects of security operations upon subversive activities Sec. 58 Censorship Sec. 59 or KP Key personalities Sec. 65 Budgetary aspects Ch. VIII Intelligence and security components of armed forces Sup. VI Communist activities SECTION 57 SUBVERSION Ch. III Subversive influences in transporta- tion and communications Sec. 40 Major sociological factors influenc- ing subversive activities Sec. 42 Susceptibility of the people to sub- versive influence, infiltration in cul- tural organizations Sec. 44 Identification of subversive activities with labor organizations Sec. 46 Effects of living levels and major social problems upon subversive ac- tivities Sec. 51 Legislation and governmental prac- tices pertaining to subversive ac- tivities Sec. 52 Identification of subversive activities in government agencies Sec. 53 Identification of subversive activities with political parties Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 NIS REFERENCE GUIDE JULY 1959 SrsCTION 57 SUBVERSION (Continued) ,)cc. 54 Subversive influences in police or- anization Sec 55 Subversive influences in national policies cc. 56 Subversive influences in intelligence and security organization >jec. 58 Subversive aspects Sec. 59 or i r Key personalities Ch. VI Subversive influences in commerce nd industry Ch. VI_[I Subversive influences in armed forces Sup. VI Communism NIS 108 International Communism Sec. 53 Propaganda by political parties and press ire groups Sec. 55 Basic national policies Sec. 57 Role wsf propaganda in subversive ac- tivities Sup. VI Com propaganda SECTION 59 KEY r RSONALITIES Sec. 42 Socia'. structure, values, and atti- tude,. affecting character of leader- ship groups Sec. 43 Back_;round of key personalities in religicFn, education, and public infor- mat iL ri Sec. 44 Key ersonalities in labor organiza- tions Politi_?al affiliations Politi a1 affiliations Personalities in the intelligence and security services Subvt rsive affiliations of key person- alities Perso!ialit:ies in the armed forces SECTION 58 PROPAGANDA Sec. 52 3' cc 38 Telecommunication facilities for dis- ti i Sec. 53 Sec 56 Sec. 42 >-tec 43 3ec. 58 Utilization of propaganda SECTION 83 AIR FORCES "et . 64 Supply potentialities in motor ve- Sec. 20 Strategic location iicles, including tanks, self-propelled Sec. 23 WeatLier and climate -..Ins, etc.; explosives, missiles, tele- Sec. 24 Suitability for airfield co Istruct ion ,"ommunications equipment, chemi- Sec. 31 Significance of railroads in organ za- Lls, etc. tion or supply Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 JULY 1959 N I S CORRELATION GUIDE CONFIDENTIAL SECTION 83 AIR FORCES (Continued) Sec. 57 Infiltration of subversive elements Sec. 32 Significance of highways in organi- Sec. 62 Petroleum availability zation for supply Sec. 63 Air facilities construction materials Sec. 33 Significance of inland waterways in Sec. 64 Aircraft manufacture organization for supply Sec. 71 Electronic equipment Sec. 35 Significance of ports in organization Sec. 72 Aircraft weapons; experimental ma- t i l for supply er e Sec. 37 Civil air facilities and available air- craft and international agreement Sec. 81 Antiaircraft weapons, organization, and strength Sec. 44 Manpower availability Sec. 82 Naval air organization Sec. 52 Position in governmental structure Ch. IX Air and air-facility maps and charts; Sec. 53 Political stability special armed forces maps Sec. 55 Defense policies KP Key personalities Chapter IX -Map and Chart Appraisal SECTION 90 GENERAL Sec,. 91 Mapping deficiencies SECTION 91 SELECTED MAPS, CHARTS, AND PLANS Sec. 55 Rectification of borders SECTION 92 INDEXES OF MAPPING DATA AND COV- ERAGE Sec. 90 Map coverage and programs Sec. 91 Recommended maps and charts Supplement I-Ports and Naval Facilities Produced in conjunction with SECTION 35. See sections listed under SECTION 35 in Correlation Guide. Supplement II- Coasts and Landing Beaches Produced in conjunction with SECTION 22. See sections listed under SECTION 22 in Correlation Guide. Supplement III- Telecommunications Produced in conjunction with SECTION 38. See sections listed under SECTION 38 in Correlation Guide. Supplement IV- Urban Areas Produced in conjunction with SECTION 25. See sections listed under SECTION 25 in Correlation Guide. Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 NIS REFERENCE GUIDE JULY 1959 Supplement V-Petroleum Produced in conjunction with SECTION 62. See :;ections listed under SECTION 62 in Correlation _Guide. Supplement VI- Communism Ch. II:[ Penetration of telecommunications and transportation Sec. 55 Sec. 56 Effect on national policies Infiltration in intelligence and se- :sec. 43 Infiltration of religious, educational, izations ti f d i 57 Sec curity organization:; Subversive activities on organ orma n an . Sec 44 Penetration of labor organizations Sec. 58 Propaganda aspects Sec. 50 Historical setting Sec. 59 Subversive affiliations of key person- Sec. 52 Parliamentary role and infiltration in riovernment or KP Sec. 64 alities Penetration of industry Sec. 53 Party structure and role in elections Ch. VIII Infiltration of armed forces Sec. 54 Infiltration in police organization NIS 108 International Communism Marine Climate and Oceanography Si3CTION 1 MARINE CLIMATE Sec. 23 Weather and climatic factors SECTION 2 OCEANOGRAPHY Sec. 2:2 Oceanography relating to coasts and landing beaches SECTION 3 EFFE(. PS ON MILITARY OPERATIONS See Sections 1 and 2 above. SECTION 4 SELECTED STRAITS See Sections 1 2, and 3 above. International Communism .sec. 53 Legalized and front organizations Sec. 55 International relationships Sec. 57 Subversive organizations Sec. 58 Propaganda agencies Sec. 59 or KP Key personalities Sup. VI Communism Key Personalities This Publication covers all key personalities of acm NIS. Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 Approved For Release 2000/04/18 : CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2 CONFIDENTIAL Approved For Release 2000/04/18 CIA-RDP81 S00991 R000200100009-2