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Document Number (FOIA) /ESDN (CREST): 
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Document Creation Date: 
December 22, 2016
Document Release Date: 
April 25, 2012
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Publication Date: 
April 4, 1952
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PDF icon CIA-RDP82-00039R000100270007-5.pdf45.58 MB
Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 r, "~J~~: ~ r. M+waMw.r~winM+n~nnM?n~rnrrw..~,wsnw~atirwr,~y w~: J.1 ~.. ~,f~ ~1.~~~~I,J1 i b~b?~M~lrMMHINIMM11Wi11M WMnwmmwwMq,~w Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 _ __ _ ___ Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 STAT ~h~pter, ~~ T~GXI~CJ~,U~t~' 0~` ~~ 1'~:~~C~CT~:CiN'C~, M~TA~~_~r~~~G~iVS~:C f+~~~~ ~#eta~~.~cerami~s (~ca~rder meta~.~.ur~,y) ~.~ tl~~ ~iranch of ~.n- d,u.~:~txy e~,1~~~,~f~d in the prc~duct~~7n c~~ ~Tt~;tn,l ~o~~d~ "ram m~;t~~. pvwd~r~ Cold-~sein~; cif pra~~xly pr~~~red powder mixtux~~ ~ with eub~equent he~`t~t~er~?~rnent a~' the campz^~~sed pawd~x?~ by bal~in~ ~h~m. ~,~ 7 te,t+~pera.ture bel,aw the me~,tin~; ~aa~.nt a~' the bas~,~ ~om~7onent a~ the ~.~.:l.ayi~ 'Ghee mast wici~ ~p~ry~ad r+~e'~had u~;c~d in the ~netal~,ac~.r~rn~.c ~.ndustry. ~ub;~~.da.ary t~chraa~.a~ic~~.l ~~;~th~~w may be provided 'car ;. such ~~ cola ~r hc>t tr~~,tr~~~eht cif the. ~.ntex~zneda.~.t~ ~arac~uct~ F:~ft~r the b~k~.n~, tk~~ el~?rni.n~tian of rune of the ba~~:c (prey- sing or ba7l~in~), ar their ar~r~bihati~a~: intn ane` aperatian, such ~~ hat?pre;~sa.n;M~ etc. The b~.~ic adv~.ntn,~e~~ ~~~.rae pa~ ~:~.'a~.e 1~~ met~llocera,~~~ic tech- nala~y, the ~~.ctox~s de~erma.r,~~ra~ ~.?~~ ,tic ld~ cif ~.~ap7.icatir~n ,and the prc~pertie~ of the ~:ina~ products were ana~.y~ed in ~o~ume !~, Chapter IV? ~4 ~ T~.~ ;Pa1L~`e basic ~M~thr~d~ ;for the `fir?e~~zr~~.ti~n of fetal Pcwder~ Table l presents ~. brief 'ctX~t>>~r;~:r,~ a~' the v'~:z~ious rn~t~nc~s f'ar .the prepar~.ticn of powders.: 'the mast ifr~pdrtant o~ these a~~e t ~ 1) ~ ~ d:in~'of valid met~,ls~ ~2) the ~u~??. the rneGha.rtiC~.l cru~hin ~.nd ,Yin ver~.zatian of liquid m~tal~; ~~.nd ~3} ::the reduetio~~ r~~' ax~:des, :fin a number c~~ Gaees~ the electrolytic method i~ :used ~.~.thau~h' it is Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 'boa ~~~ena~iv~~~.' ~?~h~r'n1~~)~oc~r~ for m~k~.n~ xn~~t~:l pQwd~r~ hive ~p~ca.m~ app~,a. ~~~h~ 'ob~tt:~n.n~ Qf m~~-x~~t,a.G `~~,la~~ from c~x~~bor ~, ~ ~ , rra n , end a~rbony~. rucl~~l) 9 ' or only a po~~n~~~,al ~:i.~;r~~.~'~.c~n,c~ ~~~,~cl~ ~.~~ ~ fha obt~.~~.n~.~,~ of pc~'wd~r~ ~~~r ~h~ ~~.c~c~r%c orn~;a,an of the m~~~:~, [~?~b~.~ 1 ?~ nsx~ p~~;~~ M~c~~~na,c~~. rr;dua~iun in ~~.~~ of ~rl~.d rtic~cls ~.~ ~ccompl:ish~d thrc~u~;h: ~~.) ~r~e z~~~,ah:ln:i.n~ off' rnet~al.s by cu~tin~;; (b} the ~~ra.nd;in ref rn~~~~.~ :~~a, catxcr~nt~.~,na~. b~.~.l r.~?l~'t;, hrar~r7?er~ ma.~.:Z.~, ~~'u~h~x~w2~~.l~.r rni~,.~~, end the 1~.~~~;a ~c} the reduct~.r,n in ~;1.~~e ~n voz^~:% i . c ~y mi11~~~. Marhi~ir~; bar m~ta~ cut~~xra~ fox .w.,...?.......,.~...,~..,..?...~.,..:.,..,,.~,..,,.,.,,,,.,,,,,,,...,~.~....? ~ha pb~~~.~za~.i~z~ of ~rt~?~~~, ch~.p far the imt7redi~,te matau~~ctu,r~~ of ~.rticle~ ~.,~ r1o1~ cornn~~rci~~.~.y fe~sib~.c. Only tht~ u~i1:~~~~~.c~n `af r~iet~~l ch~.~ ~~ ~ ~ra~t~ ~ product ~.v~~.1~.ble in tha r~~~~ul~,r flo~~ cif rho ~r~~t~~,l cu~t~~,rr~ ~.nd.~ us~txy, fc~r the subsegaeri~ rcduction ~.n ,;;:i. r.~ ccc?rn~~lx~hed a.n b~.l~.- h~,znmar~, ar rni.ll~~ r.Che ste~~. end law~s~.;~icc~n ~emap~~csl (up ~0 1..~ perecra~ psi } chip, h~.v~.n~ a par~ic ~.~ ~~.~t5 cif ~~bc~ut 1 mil ~ ,, la.m~,~cr (cb~~~.ned from drilling: t~~.11i~t~, ~.nd som~~.~.r;,cs ~.~rrJr~r finish-fur ,? n, . n~.21~; C~p~rG~~~~.~~$~ may be u~~d. d~.roctly far rnanufac?~l~xi~.n~ pu~'po~o~ ~r~.~hou~ re ~ . _ p la,ma.r~~ry reduction ~.n ,~a ~e`. Thy raca~ac~it~r~ in '~i~e in c~,nven~a.o~~.l ball rn~.ll~, h~arnc~; mi~.~.~~, ~:tc.' c~,r~;bs usod in th ~ casc of br~.t~1~ me~tal,~ an1~ ~f~rra-al~.ays, ~om~ alla s ~hit~ i ~~ Y ~ r n, ~.nd Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Tab7.e I 1~ttlal - _ .; ~a~erlal -_ [2] ~iZe `of _ - _ ~, ~a~ticles FG~i os ~ ~ 1 ~w ZiSi~~i/I. L7 itL ~.1e ~~L... Syi Part cl P~o~zuct - ...~- ~ ~ ~. ~ 5 3 ~ ~ ? a? ~atez~ial for further ~ 10tTJ -initl _ lay- ,,C1Ctzla~~ ~. ? ~ lion steel,... ~ ; , eCh~:l'Il~~~ Y'ed~G ~142~ ,1~1 ~1Ze s _e: etalk ~ i~ i '~ `~ ~.0~ a".~sG Gi ,, _ ~ ~J ~~~ u~~e~'3`Lat s c' c',.St 1~~~1 Curled9 ' ~ ? , .~ ~ c s - t ~ach~.n~.n b c a ~~~rg ~ ~a~.o s 1. _. ~ Y - ~. a ~ ; raus beari~ s. ? ? etc.. - ~ ~ brass bronze, etc. - . - ~ ~ , ? :metal cutt~.n the cep he_ ~~ ~te f ram ~ _ In a T - ~ -~ __ ri~a~icn ~ or sub~..e env ul~re i., u..ed f ~ ~' sol~.d : ,_ _ ~ ~; aa~c - al? m~.ll~. In c,~ cl lnta uo~rder In b s 11'.~E.. ~? 12e Ct1133: ?~~~' IQ11~S fl.nd tie 3_ u ~. i~ bill ,~s,~11~., Cru 2. Red c e~- - etc.: rill r~-~- , .~ ~ t e r1etals 2nd Z'1i1d1~1 Qf ~~1t ~. a ~1an Wiese C~].1"G~lui~ls_ 1 ~:~re~a3~r ~. t3.Ixef~ bis::uth oly~.edx~~rs~ an s ~ .~ o ~ ~hite_ ferro~ll ~ ~ iron. ,. ` gin' f cr che~~c~.l ea~~ ~.r eaul~` went Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 [4] r ? iJ - I~i1 1nduCLlt~n Col ~O~fi~ - n rel~t3on 1 -. I ? .~ ~ ? , ~f 1~eax a:r~~.-- ir4~n redueti~n In ..i ~e P b .. ~ ~ 'fr~.ble ~lect~~- ~ uc~il.e ~ret~l.. t cle~ofd ed irt:an u ?n~e ~ 1 ,~ed:~~ent~ ~ Qd z~ P ~ 9 X13 s burin ~ and the to theferm ~ ~ .~ , , ~.ike 1 tine c~ar- ~;1.~~.C'.S ~E~-rid r~d~aced. in s iti .~ ,. ,_ 1G " `tit3 '~'~ nc t1C 313a~",eTly v ~. ~ ~ ~ .~ Irregular cl~"- ~ T~- n sL ~ erm~l~.o ~ ~' _ 4 ec~.l ~llo~.y, w~:~ - ., r.~, ,1~ hedran~ -r a d~.~ian 4f ~d~ ti ~ i,~p~.rted b d ~_ Y s vial; ~~e~t:~nt l~s ous bear.n ~ steel Z or ~ s ._ 1 c ~' J~~ 2I'tG~ EbC? c~r.~~ etce ~g P ~ f c~lln aid the ~ _. ~ ~et~een-::the rains , ~) zt ~ea.~en~d band ~ ~ h - ~--~ ~ sire ~? ~r le~let~, ? ~ta~Erl~.I~: vt~CEly b_au-~9 _ ^ ~ lndzn of: ?zuetlle d co~.r~e ~r ~ ~~ ~ ~ r ~+ L +~ ~a.s~ ~~ ~n ,,~ reducing Irons iron- (}j~ rtzeltF-r~u..ll r~.nd~r~ G w - ~? _. 1~~ y n ~ ~ y kel -c~ per ben over rlttle ~ s1C r:~et~.lw n C ~ ~~ yy{{ ~~.~e -~ of d~ ctlle b ~.nd ~ 1.Ivye ed e~ ~~.I~er alu~tt~ ~ 9 ? jt ul~.veY`- lLil1.'t y r ~ t~.t!1' dnCt 'tI rS Qt ~' ....... - G. i7~ i -_~.l tA77~i:i L Ll~ a. ~OIfit~l3t g Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 f11 ~~ ~1C4-C~eIf31 ~ ' ~ Cal redtlC~lfl7'_ In . ~1~~ , !~ _ ~ -.: e~u.c~I reduction ' ~.n s~2e I~terc sty Hine e ~ - - 4 c rre..~.c~n of L~tain les~ steel 18 ~lectr~-e reslo~. B, ~~eta~l~ Gr ~ ,.. ~u~.atlo~ ana ~. ? ~zon .~.. - ally ~pged~mi- nand fu~~,b le i~ li ld; state 1, _~ur~n~ late water. ~ ~ , a te~~.x~.n~ ~f :the -~ ~~ ~ , Ile s e.,~.r-~7~ S0 ~.~.~1~1C G~IGI1 D?~~.V~rlZatl~11 ~ r- ~, .~ ~ air, and stea~~i ~tanZes;, -., Irre ulcer ~~ steel' ~a~'i~us fie taZL a~3d ? polyhedrons iflo Lead ~r ct - ~ -~ .. -. z ~ ,~pher~.e~l ,_ 1c~ ~QJ c~ r ~; FPe , _1~er d,.,..~.,~; a vs a.l.lti~i.f.?~ .lrre~t~.E~r ~ ~ s ~~'ai~~~ci'>Je{~ t' :~ Zr~ a_ld. ~~nc, ~ ca~.~e~, >Irre iron drips 4 250 ~tainleLs stee ~~~_,,,~, ~_c.i i~$ I~ its rese~rcr~ "sta e g p~~~ be~,.ri s r ~ ,,. Cer~.=~td~eP. brushs~ fib ter~~ . ~a ~etl ~ ~- r~~teri~ s ~-: ~~.. cen~,a ~ - ~ ct~, etc. ~a~re as "4~ove 2{~-~ cep ~ far ~e a,.:. a~;3~e Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 1 G: pletal Va~,ors Metal C ompou 2a r ~a~~~n ~~lth ~ ~ .. tz1~Cl~eous .~ru~i, 'act ~3e~~._ ~~~ crs C-A~rs ~rre~ul~.r ce . c f ~ _ ~r~ _, are 2.~ .~~ ~. r,3ekel alu~~~~ ~ .. s ' - r~rcps ~~h ~:r~anze b~'~. s u, e~~m ~znc con~ple~!= ?~~f~.3 p e ~p~'IC?'1C~ ~ c.l - 30 ~'~ SL pay ~~s ~~'~ a~Ao _~ d '- 3 ~teductio~. ~. ~d1~~Ct~en f a ~ e r ~r. ~,ol~~ coy. ~~:~r .~ d 0~z..~ ~ y e re ~ O r 2~2~ f ~l, ~ ~?0 ,, Cn C ~:r ~ 1 pound, ii~~ ~ ~tC~. I~1C .~ _ _ , , ~ I~ ~ ~, ~. ~ ~ ~e .,eke C~CT3LL~'~ s l~Yty 111G.~2~ s ca jeer e ~ _ s alt dame asa~o~ C hEI?~1 C 3 ~. 2 r~t'i.'- uS~ .~.. Hf Electri c u~b u~u~t re- ,q ~3 ~' ~uTII~.Ce ~3~ ~ G~l~t~'~ et~, .~..r~: al?v ~~- ~ ~~- .~~ ~~~1~t3C ~naior ~~ ~ , ~tC nea~~tz~~ _ ira~~ ~ ? A fi ~- l~ u~.e ~al {~l~~ion~ Gold s ~ 1T~e r ~ ~ ~.~er, cus~~ ta~let~ ~~ r? n, s~~ckel c~~alt _ ~ ~ like ~~ ~ ~ _~edron _s jo ~e~lr~ctien ~r~r~ xuse~ salts ~~it~~ ~'antal~~ ~' e ~ ~ b~.u~n ~ax~Q us 71C~. ~~k'~ Z~ e~ T't~l ~ ` ~ '~,~'~',di1111i~ ~s~Z4r~. ~ ~ LLB .{~Qi~Y'sZ2~ t~eal'1.I1 ~ '- ~ s CC7l~aC;,~ 3 hard a ~~ ~ , ` t ~ , e c? ~.1 e l~ ~ fi pr air Ia.te4 ~ u p , c ~ ab rates .. L cner~ zcallr~~ti~ ~ z'J~ d tie _ li - ke, Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 [3) cerium, var~adi. 9 LLr~.niLU~~ T~zer~al `dissaci~~ari 57 ~~~ln~e :r~tiQn o~ ~~.r'ccn l~ ; - V ~~~e~el ; zren . ~ herzca ~ ' _ ~A ? ., s ~ Z ~o l .13 _Ae ~. ~ ,~ ~ ~, i~dtierla 1~., ~acuu~ a~3~3~.I'a'~aa ~~~~' a~.10 .. ~~ and :; t,~le Z I.~G' El~ctrc~. s~:s ~~rater ~olu-~iuns irLn~ co}~~~cr _:r ~ le~.d ~z r ~end~~l~ic 3u Per~ue`.bearin cc~~u- Bator ~.~-ush~ s 1 c, nta~ts, ~a~ne~ic ~ i~c 3 ~l1Sed ;' ~e{~3,.a Tantalum ~~- Leu~.r~.~z s C 9 ~~lC:i~ilL~ri ., 9 Cer3.1.t,~f j ~Gi1d.~~.L~It'i J l.Z~'~T:.s~1;i 1G ~ra~' ; l~ ~e~ gacuu~r~ s a~~ar~ ~a cj~emzcal ~nd~ _ ~S~r~; CSC. Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ,~, :I~e~al .ion of orders zx~r~ Mod 1 Px~ ar ~ F ~ ~ o - ~.nd n n ~ pion coy ands and a~.lo w ~~ d.~ffu ~o ~ .rid pride ~ ?~~rwde.., :metal. ' ~. t~.ons ~: ~~? to r~e~~zn ~ chemical; re c ;-, ak s csl~.c~d...,~ ~.~ F cwd~r P _ __ t e c? l - l~iCi ~a~~d a~.lo , ,~e~'~~c~ory o~: ~~. ~ non-ferrous - c ou d , alto ,roduct.., e c ~~ Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ~~ ~,h~ ~ ;~~ ~;h~ ~a~~ cf c~uat~.l~ rne~~~.~~ th~.~ rne~~hG~d rc~u~.t~ gat ~,n ~~s bret~.~~n~ u~ ~.~~~~? ~:~,zas ~~~'~~a?c ~8 ~. s ~u~ ~~ ~h~ lam~.n~r?~~.on of ~ha ~.~,~~c~r. ~ ~~, a.~ ~h~r~fUx~a u~~d tan~~ ~r~at:~n: (~) ~a~^.~.'~~;;~u ~.rrc1 ~.o~x~ ~~,r~~~{~~k~. car~~~.~ar~1~:r,?t~w a~:' rn~~~~a1. ~~r~rt~a~c~~s ar~~ ~r~a die r,~~- ~,ilc~ad a.n k~~.~~~ ~.~ ~h~ f'a..zaa~, c,~~r~,~;,r~x.r .x~~ oil-}.x~~~ ~cn~rc.~:t~~rrc~rl~a~'~~~ur ~.n me~~I~od~aq such ~,,~ ~.,u~..vex?~,~~~~.cr7 dt' raduc~c~ a.xYc~xr ~~or~~~ ~~ncl 1~rtic r~~n prec:~.z~:i.~a~,~~-~~~ (b) riuc~~.~.e n~ct~.~.w~ w.~.~h ~~, bc~t~cl ~c~~~~:nd ~,r~~ ~c~ ~>~~ rcc~ud~~ ~:~.r~,~;s? (~~) c1uc~~~.1.~ t~-r~~~~~.~ ~~r6 ar~if'it;'~.~1~.~' m~c~~ br~.~'tl~ (a~, fc~r ~.ri~~~a,~t;a~ ~h~ ~~u.~.v~r~.z,a~~.c~.~ off' ~aex~~na,:l:lr~~~ 4~~ ~~~.~~. v~ G~r~d ;..~;.c~~~~., .~~ r~~~l~ ea~:i.ex~ b~ ~~c~d:%rr ",(I~ ~.~. e Itiq't1T~~,~f c~~' ~u~.~`ur) 'Shy ci.ef:~c~,~rir,~' -i~a .l~h~ ~~ul~rFax~a.~a~a.c~n ~-f tn.+~~a~. 4,,~~.~h ~k~~ ,ai' the'd.e~c~:ibed ~~~u~.j~,ir~e~~ ~~,>>~~~:l.~tM~ ~n t~1a~ the '~owdc~r,~ sc~~~~i~~,i.~~;e~ i~~e~;a~~~c~ ~~ira~~ ~.l,i~t~,ec~ ~r~.~h t1~c ~t~~~~r:i~~.c~ra prcc~u.c'~~ a~ ~,~~~ ete~7.. ~? in v~r~:ic,a.t,~ r~1~.;~.:1.~, A ~r~r~ic~.~~~ ~}~~.~.:~. (~+':~~~ur~ M..., ~ . ~..... ~.,........ ~.... w. ~... _ M.,.......... w.. ~ ~... ~,..., ,~. ~.,.,.. ~. ~,,.... ~.. ~..... ~.,. ;~) r~cri~~.~~;r~ a;~` ~~~~1 (1) (~~;.n~~l ~~:~.'~Yr. ~~~x~~.~~~.ra~~~ta.`~~ rrG~,n~~ne~~ ~te~1.)8 ~ir~ r~~~~~, ~,~ h~.~h ~pc~r.;d (~~U(J(~ ~~~~1.uti~n~ per rain7ate) ~;:~ ~ n mu~ua7.~.~ o ~~'~~a.~~ d~.r. ~c'~iU~~~, ' ~~ra ~r+~~~ ~.~.~rs (~ ) ~~~~ ~'r~l~ rn~r~~~~~~r~ ~~t~el. Thy ~n~~er~.a~.. ~ kr~ ~a~x~.~rer~~~d a.~ c'r~a~~~ ~;~d. irr~r~ b~~ (~.) a:r~ ?f1h~ .'arm ~.~ c~a~~r~r~ ~.~un~~ (cup ~~a.r~, rri~~~l a 'ch~.~~ Q~,c.) ~ t,~ ~~ t~~ r~x~~.F,d abcata~~ b~ uh~ vart~.c~.ty curr~~.~s, c~~.,lidin~ with each ~-~her ~ ~x?~~-~~ '~;~a~rd.~, ~~~ cr~~.x~c~ 'r~zcee,~ ~~ b~~~an up :i.n~t~ ~+a,rt ~c1.~ ~ ~ .~~~ur~~~ a ~~ t~ c~.~. m~.~.1.~alxe~ers ~.~~ si~~ p Thy ~ni~.~. ~.~ ec~u;p~ped a dev~.r~~ (3) fir ~h~ G~a.x~~sor~a.n~ c:~ pa~rder~ `~~~.~ ~~~~~1~ off' the ~~~ill i ~ ~;c~u~.p~~c~;with ~, w~~er~~a~k~~ ~~~.~h run~~.~; weer c~.r~ula~~.r~ ~hr~u~h i~ ~o ~arev~t~~ ~h~ ~'c~r~~~~.~~ ~r~der~ ~x~am. Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 }?'..~~~.x~"~ ~.? ~'~~.~~x~rr~ cad' va~~~ ~c.~ty rr~~~.~. ~.~ c~~~x~ra~d by ~'ac~~hu~ avcrh~at:~n~;a :~pec~,a~. ~~ov~~~an ~.~ m~d~ ~"ar ~,~~.v~~~~a~a.c~n ~.~ ~n atrno~~~he~ o~ '~~ ~~ra? ~;~~? In von^~~.c~.~~ n~~~.],~.~ c~~ mcar~ de~4~.;~n' ~~h~ ~,~.x cu~~?~.~~~n~ ~.s ~"~;d ~ra~1 a cen~x~,:Eu gal b~.o~r~,x ~.ri?~o the ,~l~v~.~. a~ i~k~~ ' mii~ whax~ it is bra~COn u~~ bar 1~~~~~~xs rnc~un,?~~d can the ~~,~ne ` -'Clr.~,f A . ~~~i the ~~law~r ~r~d ~h~~.1n ~'h~ at~tr i.ta.C~n bodi~~ ~n ~ vc~r$ic~.t~~ rtt~.]..1 ~xa ~;he ,metal 7.,um~a~ s ~~~r~ich are ~hX"r.~rwn ~bc~ut ~.nd ~~al~.~.r~e in the ~~,~.x~ va~~t~x~ Th~.;~ ~~et~~ad h~.s ~~he ~o~.~.awa.n~ ddv~nt~~;ca~ d (l) ?thc~ ~c~wdexs ~.ra gat po:~l.uted by thra ~.?~trit~.ara ~ubw,t~nce .~'~^c~m t?~~aa ~,t~,r~tic~n bod~ieu ~zMa :eta, uizc t~:k.n~ ~il~.c~ dur~.n~ he d 2 t and Estee], ba:l1~}$ ~ ~ the cal:~e~.~~n, a~' ~~.~ ~'r~.~,~t~ntw p~^ac~?d~ nab ~a~ w~~ a~ l~m:~r~.~iun~ wl~i.c~i would 4z~~otl~~~n ~h~ rc~r~~l~ ~~~.~~V~ees but predo~rti- rie.ntl~r ~.~, ~ha ea?~.aen~e Q~ ~~i~r~'~.ce de~"ar~~atio:r>,y wh ick~ it~cre~se~ the rou~hneu:~J o~ ~hc~ ~~rt~,.c:le~'v Tii~~.~t~, ~~~ c~unl~ty ~:~ the ~owc~~rs~ itn~x?ove~ the x^oi;t~na~~~ a;~ ~11e~ ~.n~~~~.z~. ~~?~r~ic~.~~, i~ t~auc~ ~.~.~;hel^ ~hta.n w~a~.t a.~ti ~owwib~.c to c~b~t~~~..ta ~~~rc:,u~,l~ ~;u:~v~;r.~a.?~ion in bale. ~~d.l:~.~ ? The ~,~~icrastructure c~~ +Jhe :i.~^c~xa ~,~~rder~~p obte.~.zed .~.n v~art~.c:ty ~rt~.~.l~ ~r:tnd;?.n~ ~.~ shorn z.n ~'a,~~ure 2n r~'kie ~r~.r~,~.cle~ ~w~,va ?~he char~.c~ter~.stic ~"corm off' ~, ~~i:1~,.te ~r~.t~ b~n~~cvex ed~es~ ~`~uxe ?~. irran` ~~owder ob~ ~i~;uxe ixon powder obtaimed b~ t~;ine~ b~ centr~.f't~~al ~u1M vortici~y mild. ,~rind:~n~; 4 Ma~r?.f~.ed 2~ ;l0 v~ra.a~etian by the CPC tr~ethod ~~~ ~ ,, ~ ~ -~ Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ~'~.~;i~xe 6 ~a~an pc~wd~r by ?~~~Q' ~educ~~.c~~~ a~' o~cie~ ~'~.~ax~ "~. La~~~er ,~pwd~~~ o'b?~a~.r~ed ~y ~l~c~x?c~~r~~z~, ~~~,~n~.~ fled ,~4~ ~'a~1~ ~ ~.?cr~~ E~ typi~a:~. sc~~en, dn~1~~i~ off` ~h~ iron ~c~~rrlers d.e~ivc~d by ~prxn~,in~ 'in c~~~.~~~'. ~A~ , ~'~a~,~a~ ~c~?~~n. An~.~.~~~.s of ~:~,~n ~'~~4r~e~~ ~ex~~.v~d a.n C~'~lone ~~z~.1 Grind:in ~'~~.,~h~ a~ ?~~.~ s~.~~ fr~,c~~an ~.~~ of Par?~~.~1~~ in a.n p~r~en~ ~~ Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ',~o prove carnZaxes;~ ~.b~.~.~.t~r ~~:nd xemov~ the call-haxdan~.n~ e~`f~c~, :the ~~owders are ~,~z~ne~~.~d ^x~ ~ p~~otact~.~r~ atmosphere ~s.~iriealin~ t;~me far ~.ron powders ~:~ l ~? 2 ha,~,rs x~.t ~uu de~r~~ee~~ ~~nta.~ri~de)~' mt~~ar~ i~ ~ba7zt 7 ~- ].U k~,~.a~r~zrr;~ der ha~r~x ~deper~d~.n~; on the ~,ra,n ?xlar s~e)o ~~ t~:~.ka5 2.~ w 3 ki~,~w~t~~l~ours of power ~~ ~aroduCe one of powder. line man c~,n operate and rna.~.r~ta.,ir~ severe. rrt~.lls sintult~neous7.~. ~'he b~~.sio advsnt~:~e~ ~f ~; ar~~e ~-.,; fnllow;~: the u~ili~~tit~n of waste ~~roductw from the rr~eta~.-cutt~..n~ ind ustry ~ch~.prs); ~h} lithe pow~~ is rec~ixir~d `(cj sirnpla.c~:ty of pr. aoess ~e~~~nits the emploiyr~ient of izn,skill~;d per~Gnnel3 ~d} ~o?d ~c?mpre,~s:i:b~:~.:~.ty of the powder's ~a~'ter uz~r~ea,J.i~~~;) and. a.menab~.l~.ty Ica b~k~.n~p fie) pa~rdars ~:r~e free f~?c~rrt po:l.~.u~~in~ adm;ixtures~ ~f) ~.~ ~~ possible to Grat~a.r~ powders from a:llc~~rs. The rnethat~ of vortic:i.t~ ~r~.nd:~,n~ ~.~ of pax~tioular ~-dva.nt~~e in t}~e m~n~?f~.c~u of ~.rr~ra powders for ~arau~ b~a~~..n~~;, tool p~~r~~~ a,nd' the ~.ike ?` ~er~uct3.ori ih sire of ~ rriet~,l by p~alveri.z~. ~.~' in i.ts l~.r~?a~.d state 'is ds~d ~nl~ ~.n'the. case of e~~~~:l~~fusibls':rrceta,ls~ ~~uch ~.~' t.i.h lea:d~ ~inc~ aluminum, coppe~? ~.nd their a:llaye. ~'he ~rar~.c~us proeed~ires ~,n this Case r~gduce themse~.~es to ~~he ~;ranulatic~r? r?f ~Lh l~.quid relate/ when poured iota water~~;i~a,tiun cif the liquid , ~' n~ieta~. T~rhen poured over a r~.p~.dly rat~~t^n~ d,ie~c, ,pulve~~i~at~.can cif ~~~:e ~.~.c~uid fetal by a strear~ of ca~apr~ssed a~.r ar 'team, 'or ~o va.riGUS `. coznhiri~.~t:i.ana of .the abc~ve? x2 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 __ _ _ _ __ _ Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 the ~~~ ` r~~thcad esn~hr~~u.~a~ pu~,~rer~.~~,t~,ora,' een~~~.zaa,; the' p~~~,ver~~z~, n~ the ~.~.e~~~,d met~.~, m~chal7~.c~~. ~.ct~,c~n upon tha ~.nd:i~.r~ua~ pa~~~.e~.e ~, ~ e~~; ~~"a.~u~'c 3 J ~ ~.~ ~~' xa~r~:~~~~~.~r ~,x~~-er? ~~~. ~. th~.n stream of ~?u-~~d `~~t~.~. ~?~.uw- 'ram ~ ~o~~ surraunc~~d by s. ~ wate~^ ~~cketA '~.nta wh;~ch wr~ta~? ~.~ ~Ced unde~? ~~r~ssuz~~. '~~~~ water stream ca.rr~.~e the ~.~.quir~ z>Yeta~. onto r~ ra~~t:~n d~.~k dr~~;~~ned with epecia~ ~a~~-ta~n~s ~nr t,~.e ~ua~~h~r hr~a.~cup ~~ tk~~ rncta~. parW t~e~.e ~. Fused rneta.~. ~ra,tez? under preesure ~'i~~~We 3 a Da.~a.~r~~~ of. ~entr,~.~?u~~ ~. ~:~ pex~ the; ~:~G ~ethad. the sh~~pe a~ tl~e off` t}~a ix~en ~~r~~der9 abta~,ned b~ tht.s rrtethad9 is ~hn~rrr in ~':i.~ure ~ ora the :~xisez~~ted pale. ~~he pext:+.clee h~.~re~ c~ a~ca~i~h p~~c~f~:~.e, and ~~un. ~.n s.i:~,e ~`~nc~rn 20 to 1~4U ~, ~ ~.e ~~' ~7~~h ~, i~` ~? ~.n een ana . s',o A t Ica ~~r ~ y ~~x?'~ueib~.e z~etaJ.s and ~he:~r al.~.o~s ~~~.ri,~ lead, alu- rn~.x~um) ~ ~n size in their l~.quid ~~a~e ~.~ ~,he ~tc,st ~~dc~~ e~r+es.c~9 p,r~~ct:i~c~.lly~ the on~.y` r?e~t~cd in. use. R~duct~.on off` fJ~.des. Tn the ' ~r~pa~a.t~.on of ' tuns~,e~ dxad m~lylx~.enum p?wdexs, the r~d~.c~~i.~r~-~c~~'-a~~.~~ r~ti~thod i~ lased ~xp clus~.~e~.y? l3 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ~~' -~~ir~~n Ana~s of ~~~~~x ~'awd~~ Mar~u~a~:~~x~ad ~y the ~~'G ~~ ~~~.~ M~~hvc~ ~;~ z,~ a~' p~~~^t~.c~.e~ 4~.~ W~~.~h~ ~~ ~'x~,ct~.~an a.rx U.3 ~ L~ ~~ Vo~ r. Ur . u.c~6 ,"" Vr~rr~~ tJo d~ ~ ~. ~J~ 39 ~~ ~+'ar ~Iie rr~anuf'ac~ur~: of e~,~~~ric bu1b~$ tun~ster~ ~r~d ma~.yb~ d~nur~ ~r~ r~d}ac~~ ~:~th hydru~~~. ~.n tubu~.~r~ ~~~irna.c~s ~t ~~ ~em~~r~~ture choler I~'~p~ur~ a. '~'ul~ular rv~i~t~f~ce f'urn~c~ ~:nr the rem du~~a.on o.~ ~,un den, ohs 3.r~.~~.~;~. m~.~~ra.~z~.' a.s ch~.~~a~ ~~t~ m~t~l' oa~~bu~t~.c~n tu~e~ ,6. a_n~r~r~~d 1.r~~~o; th~a ~ubc~lar ~'urne~e~ '~la~ carrtb~ ~ir~n ~u~~e~ ~~xe p~,~~.~d ~~~~ro.~h ~~~ ~t,~rn~~~ ~~e~~in~. ~one~ wi~~~ ~'~xr~.ou~ ~~~~t~er~,tur~~s ~ ~~~~ ~,~'ter ~~~~.~ t~duc~~.c~n ~.w cot~tZ~~.~t~d, they z~~~~~ i~.~.on~ ~ra~~ ~, run n~. ~a~a~ ~c~a~.~~?. T,h~ c~ ~~bu~~~r~n tubes ~,r~ ~~.~x~r~d grata the ~i:~~u1.~~~, Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ', Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 fu~n~,~a ~~, prc~t~atex~~~,x~ac~ ~'~r~~ 3.nterv~?~s ? ~~"h~ usu~~. c~~aer~, 3.n~- ~t~~.~.~t3.c~n 'cor~~3,~t~ off' ~~v~~r~~~.:r~?t~xr~~aca.~? ''~h~ h~rdre~~an, ' ;~' out a~? the `fur~aac;ea ~a~.s~~ tl~,~au~~;h a ~rat+a~'~a'b~c~r,pt3on uz~,t, frarr- ~,~~ercY .i.nta the ~a~xt ~'urr~aca~ ~tnd wa say, u~t.i.~. ~.?~ r~~ache~ the ~.~~t f~~rKaa~a % ~ftr~^ ~~r~~~ a.~~~ throu~1h ti~rh~c::h :~?~ a,~ burred. u}~. ~a ~~r1~z,cu~.~.~~:1~Y ;~ta~^~ ~r~,dlw o~ ?~~an~;~t~n ~a.~~ x~c~u.~,z~~d far ~;he rll~alc3.n~a~' h~,x~~ ~.31'3.a~rs~ ?~.rir~ ~.n ~~?~~~; c~"~~ t1~e ~k~un~~~c;n ~~ r~duoed From the oxid.c with ~ oat in `~~mrn~in f~.trr~~ce~ . ~ See ~+'~.~ure 21.x) . C;ab~.~.t ~~c~ nickel9 Q~r~~~.aycd 3.x1 thy; ~~te~~ratiUn a~' h~rr~ alloys, are uora~`t~.r~~3,~~s a~~t~a.ncc~ b~ 'Uhe :~ec~uot3.c~n of ~a.~;ra3.on A rnora da.~'f3.cult ~.~ ~.~~nrne'nt eta the pcon~.tnical 1?educti4n of ~.ron a~d~r ? It ~.~ r~tiondl t~ .,~e an:~y;: ch~~~7 in~.t~.~.l m~~',eris.l., such ~~ ~f;~lx~ ~e~~.r~ ~ocl r~~:l~3.n rn.i,l~. ci~~de~ z"ram lo~r~a~.,rlaan~ ~t~o~.s c~ra be ~~~d~.~c~d anl~~? ~~ h3.~h ~~Faxr~~r~~-~~~re~ ~~3.th3.n the rune cif 1.70~)(~1 ~ lg lOt~ C~~~'rt~?~a Cent~:~r~~de ~ ? ?~'kre z'e~uct:~on of the iron e;i7~der c~ x~ be daze ,~.n tubular i'u~~x~~~ces ~ the s~rrie tie ~ U.s ~~~caw:n ~.bove in ~~"~.f~ure ~~ e~e~,;~?~ ~ha~ ~he~ x~ r~~ }~reae~u~~:r ~~~ ar ~.~.~ht~.r~; ~~,s he~tocz~ ;;a th~.t tho rerluct~.on 't~ke~ ;~l~~ace u.n ~.n of ~radl~.cer '~~~ or of< con~ex~t~c~ ~.xht~a.n ~~~? ~ ecnsit~erable ~iffi~ cult ancr~l.~~ttred i.n tk~.:i.s i~ the rec~~~3.~~ed freouent z~e~~.~.cew ~' mint a~" :the ?~ub~s. ~'he ira~i powd~.~~s t'rom the rod~r~t3,c~ra cif irc~ra c~.r~de:~ cantr~in sor~o nonWx~oduce~l a~c3.~~~ ~ ~ about o~~e pe rant cox ~~,~or~ of ~~~ ~ and Mr.~ ~ . the ~~duce~ ~c~wder~ hs.~?e ~ c~i~!.~^~.rteri~ta.c ~~~aan~e~~3.~e ~;trtzctur~~ i~a ,~rhich sm~.ll ~as.r~3,cles adhere ~.nta la~a~ strength 'chunks ~~ee ~`:~,~ure b, micr?phr~ta, ire ins~rte~ sheet j ? kk+i~'~`! '~ ~ ' '; Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 a~~+~ , Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ~k~,e~e c~~un~k~ u~u~.1,1.;y~ ,~~.~:i.:~l;e~z~~~.~1?~r;; a.r~~a` t~~er cca~~~3r~r~c~nt p~r~~.c~.e~+' ~~~~.lzxi,~ 'tx~.~ a~~~:rK~,t~.c~n ct ~~x~~-:~~. ~~ ~,~,~x~-~a,~w~. ~'k~e ~3lea~ra~.y~a~~ at w~,~e~r su~~t~ ~~ the methar~ ma~~t w~.dely ~~~~~.a.~;d in thy; ;~~~~r.c~?h~:~.cax?~ a~' co~a~~ex? ~acawcler~~~ ~n the ~~~ctrc:J.;~r~,~~ 'a~" cc~~~~jer~ the ~~rec,~.~:~~.~~,~~e :le cir~~~aeited an 1~he c~.tha~e c~ ~,react~.~r ~r~~ the t`~ar~n at ~~a~dex~ 'The ~~~hr~dic ~e~o~it~.ox~ a~ the t~d~r~~.ik~ e.~;l~ ~?erc~av~b1.e d~-~cr~~,art ~]rr~c~.}.,~~ct~; ~.~ ~rr~mo~ad byM ~h~he :I.~~ ian:ic cancerltr~,t~,o~?~ a~' ?~ho metr~,1 a.x~ the in~t?ir~.1 so~.L1? b~ ~th~ :lc~~r temper~K~tL1re, ~nci bar the .?~:i~k~ c?~n~ ?Lv off' ~h~ curre?~t. cara~rolla.n~ the~~e co:~~;d7.ta.c~r,s~ send, ra~.~~o the circul~a?~~.crn a~' the e~~~~,x^o:l.,y~c~ ~r~.~h ~h~ ~~c~~,ar~~t;i.crn ca:~' ca.rcU1~ ~h~ disper~ian off' the ~,awder :~s reduaed,~ a ~x?cadL~ct o~ the de~::~rable char~cterlst.ti.c a may be obtaa.riede Ater rer~aval tram ~~be c~,t~~cde~ the.. ~olrrder ~,~ ~rstshed, t:i1- tarac~:, ~.nd c~.e ~;..~cc~~~~~d. 'b~' ~~ne a~' i~h~ ~:^a~;, rrie?~h~d~ ~ (l j ~r~ a v~,c~~w~~ unde~? ~. re~,:~c~uG~~. ~r'ew~~ure o~ ~0 m 1n~ r~a, a:~ the mercury ca~.umn~ ~2) r~a.t~:l ~i~.perher~.~;ed ~~c~;~.rnh ~~} ~.n ~. red~t~c~.x~ ~.t~ i'11c7~~~~1.~:C~~e ~hy'dY~a~;~i~,~ ?;~rac~ucer ~G~,~,~ ~?~.~~:i~ta.n~ ~a~i 3 ~r~th ca~.~.~ ~%~~ ;a.,~2 ~c~X~ ~~;t~~ac~. l~o~r~r cur~surr.~ta.can in t~.e fubr~.cata.c~za a~" .`an~a~~er ~at~dsr runs:, a~ the rate a 2 ~ ~ k~:~.awa~t?hour~ ~~r k~.~.p~r~rr~a `the, pa.r~tic~es ~f the powder, obt~,i~.~;>d ?~l~rci~.~h ~h~ e~.ect~~~lys~.~ti ~~" w~~Cer ~ nl~zt~:an '.~av~ a e~ia.r~cteri~~~.c d~ndr~.tic a,e ~ndus~r~.~~. ~'ow~~r~ .r,..~.. ~~ns~i~ty o~ ~~wder ~~awders ~~' ;C~rcen~- , E~.~dtxol.y~~c cc~~~~er 1~ p3~ ~~~-1~.5 ~~1.ectroly~~c ~.x?an ~~~~~ ~~"~~ r{~duced .ran ~.~~~~ 2c~-~~ educed tun~~~en lOw2~ ~0-~~(~ C'ar~~anyl iron 3~?1~0 1~5-5~ ~runul~ted ta.n, copper, ~.ead 3~~~~ I~0-~a~ r V~ar~ icit~l~.~~reatec~ ~.x~on 25~3,~ ~~M~~ Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 __ __ _ _ _ _ Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 .~~ Th:~s d~v~.c~ can ~~,sc~ ba ~x~:~1~,~ed ~o~' me~~ur~.n~; t~~ poured w~~.~ht a~ .the ~aawder~.- "the ~cawdex runs tl~trau~h ~1 st~:~n~.e~k ~tee~ funned., the ar~~;~e v~'' tl~e cam be.~ ~U de~ree~p ~'h~ c1~.~xr~eter of the ~n~~rc~~' ~~z?'L off' ~ha fur~n~~. ~,~ ~~ ~ cri~.l~.~.rna~~x~~ ~~~ 1~n~~~h ~,~ 3: mil1,, ~'he weight of the ~,rrc~u~t Q~; pawder, Zaa~ ~h~?au~h the ~'ur~n~~. ~.n ane ma.x~ute, ~.~ x~eco~de~, ~'~.~.~!d~,t~r is d~nxnshed faith 3.nare7.~ ed adhe s~,an snd fr~,ctian between the , p~.rticle~, ar in atl~er ~rc~rds~ with the :~ncrc~~~ ~ ~.n tho c~is~a~rr~,~.c1n ~.nd rou~;hne. ~ of the p~,rticlea and the dirr~inutican of ~,ts poured wo~,~l~t. ~'~~E ~~CE~'AS~A~'IC~ ,AND ~~,~,KE1,1P C~ "'~~a' C~~t~~rCE Pre~.~xn~.nary oper~:tion~ are ,neces~~x~ ~'c~r the pi~epar~.ti,on of ~ c~iar~e a~' pr~~;deterrn:~red cherrri~a,l con~p~asit~ang a.s well ~.s of ~. pre~spec~z~?.tied de~~ree of d~.epers~rs end ether ch~r~cter a.stice~ ~he;~e op~;ration,~ of ~ep~.~~~,'~:Iwx1~ the.. ~aawders zeta `' ~~~c~a~.c~ns, the rat .a~:zi~;, and tho pz?eli~t~~.nur.~ tre~temoi~t. r,eparat~.c~n %nto fract.~c~ne. In order to e;~axate the powdsre a.ntti frr~ct~,one by part~ic~.e sa.:ze, the cpnventior~al type of ~quipr~rer~t~ ern~l.o;~e~ in the chemical a.ndu~try ~r_d ~.n ~~~~ a~~~e_dr~ee~in~ proce~~~~s ~.~ ' ut~ed rS'c~ se~re~ate the oaar,~e f~?~;etion;~ > the'c~etsr of p~.rt~.o~.e~ in oxcess Qf ,~~ microns, thy; ~owde~?~ .ire ~as~ed throta~h wire ~hra~~~, l:}rcanz~, ao~~~er~s car ~iz~ ecneen~.` tJf x,11. the variatiA~ .~re#'e>~ence is to be ~.ven to .the ~ s r ~ encla,~~d t~rpe de~i,~aa, e~,~xr~in~.te dust 'd,i~per~ic~n. Figure 1C ehowe a screen cif the encl.oeed-type, de~~.~;n~d. bar '~'s~JII'ASh. - Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ` t Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 c~.ased sc~~t/n des^ nsd ~'s~1;~:~~M~wh. ~,; uxe 1Q. ~n ,. char~i.n~ bin3 2 ~- ~.~.d; ,~ -cradle with scxeen; 1i - d3,sch~x~c b~.n; ,~ ~ txu,c~C. ~lectroms.~na~~.c ~creen~~ :which require n~ elect~~ic motors and, c:~.r~ives, ~r~r~ ~x?~c oper~tecl c~:~.x~~tly from the li~h.t:i.ra~ rietwark, axe d^stin~~.7is~~sd by ~ high c~e~;ree of portability, ~,ow cost, s.nd r~ high ~~~atput. ~~r~wever, the sifter tissue in ~;lectrams.~r~eta.c screens r~~,p?idl~ ~'.~ca~~e- clv~~ed up with powder s,nd ~~oe~~ out of.' commis icon, ~'or the screening of chex~~s cbntaina n~~ ~lu:tn~; ax lubri- cs;tin~ substances, it is `sometir~les' nec~usary ~~o' Force the ~nsteri through' the sii'tex bGr hsnd ar~ by 1r,~;cl~s,xi:ica~. ~nedns~ 'the sep~,r~~tion of powd~~?s into f r~~ctir~ns by ` sc~ryeen~.~~~; ` is only for part^cle s1.~cs c~clz~rn tra 2~~J-3uU ~t-esha G~hen pa~~t~.cle s:i~es ire clown to !~U - 5~ rnicxans, it becozrles nece,~, sary to resort to a.i.r separs.tion, :Aix ~~para.tars `axe `so~~Getiz~a~s paxt of the' ` equipr~~ent' 9.n the rrcanufmct;r? df powders (~~e ~'i~u~e l M- [~~~orticity mill] ~. ~r~wder b~.enr~in~. ` ~- blending; twn or se~rersl in3.tial paw~er~ of various cheniic~al composition ox degree df dispersion, a c~ie.r~~e of ~irsdetertnined coznpositir~n and physic,]. pa~opert:le~ is abt~~a.ned Tie e~.ist3,n~ metho~,s of blending are a,s fol~.c~ws ~ Mending in,,..drums`with edcentxic xot~,tion sxis. ~'he sux.. al~auntiri~ of fr~.~tion between the particles end the ntexmi~in~ of the latter attained at the expense ' of the ~ribxa~tc~n of the . a . ,Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 , , ,,, ~ ~ ,. ~' '~~4~s Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 char e .in ~.t~ rcat~,t~,cn aba~x~- the sccentz~~.c ax~,~? ~i1~.s w~,th ~tee~, ba~.~.e ~ 'She suz~nal~nt:~n~ ` ~, ~,~ cf the p~.~~t~.d~,es ;1.~,ined throu~;ka caf fzry~.ct~.c~n ~,n the ~,nterm ~ ~~ ~ ~" lti ~ At the a~ me, rec~uc~,~.r~n ~.~ a~~e,' the a.;r~pact cif the -atee~. b., ~. n the cured we~,~ht of the powdery taks~ inc~.~e ;i.n h~ardne~~ ~.nd ~ ~ attritive bn.ll.e f l1~at~,~~ss the place ~' the we~.~ht n~' the ~)' ercent of the weight of the powr~er cha,~~:o? r~n~;e cf f ram ~~ to ~d p ' ~.endi~~ in bal]. mi~.~.e? ~r~.ct~.on bet~esn the. partic7.e~ ,~ wet b ~,~ akened b theef~eot of the liguld ~watcr, be~.n~ ~.nterm.~xed ~.~ we Y d' ~; more psr~ect b~.end~.n~~ as carrtpax~ed tQ ~~~.Cc~ho1, i ~.n the dry n1et11Qd, lw abtaa.n~;d b~.c~a~dir~ in d.r~uns is ecvr~~~m~.c~.l in the fc~~.lnwin~; c~eesd ,~)~' raft metal, ~ub,~ect to h~..~h def t~rm,atinn ~.n (a,), fc~r powdery of txnont~ b)...for met~l~~;raphite c'~~a,r,~e:4~, since, the ba~.l~rn~.l1 trey. r ( '~.ted a~n ball ''rai~.le, the ~ra~~h~.i~e particles e~,h when these ark tre ~ , lets/' en~e~.op the meta. pr~.:~ticles~, t~~~e~eby red~~.cin~ the c ~x ~p ~' ~ th of the end productsq (c) .when the nec~4 s .ter to stre~ ~reactin between ~~p~e dolnponents a~ the m~.,xture; ~,:~m~.t the ~.nter ~ '~ ,: , ~ ~; ~ when nn pa,rt~.cuZarly thorou~!~~' blending ie re- (d) ~.n t},~~~we cage , r~u~.i^ec1. ~~~hen a ha.her degree of ~,nte~~react~:n~; bet~,reen the Gang- ~.ed ~~ in the preparation off' herd allure, o~? when. ~aanents ~.s s~aecif ~ the articles f'oa:~ the, abtainin~; of a thc~rou~h rieces~ary to plzlverire p ~e bal~.wmil~, treatment` 3.s pre~'erable~ ~a at~,ai,n '~ p~.r~ -blend, , t~ h blind, as requa:red ~.n the preparation of tung~ t~,culsrly ~ha~ou~ .~ ium hard a~.loys, wit-blend.~ng lr~ ball aver a etent t3.tan Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ~e~~~.od c~ ,~ days ~21~ haaa:f:~~; a d~~'} ~~ ~~~sar~ed tc. ' ~n axder ?Gca ~~, d,uae th~t~ ].one attx~.ta vn perir~d, bat~~t~tary m~.~~.a ~x~ emp~.o ~d in ~, Y a which c~,~e ~ ~ a~+~r~ttic~a~ ~.~ ~~at dawn tc~ ~e~s than ~~ l~c~urs. ~n eom~ aa~eax,, ac~d~.t~.on~.~. cctnzac~n~~,ts ~x~e, ~,ntrc~duc~d ~.n~a the c~ar~~, u~ua~,1y ~.n ?~he ~'c~rr~ a,~ ra~c:~d~~ ~x ~a"~i~i ~a~.?~ta.ane ~I~~xt~~u~~r~. ~' ~n the c;a~~ of ' c~ucta.~.e m~ta,~.a pre~~~era~ vn~.y ~.n ~rii~,~~, .~n tl~e ari :~na~. c~~1~,r ~ ~ ~~ r N ~; ~) ~~ametinae~ ~.~ bGc~arne~ nece~~~.ry to b~.and ,.od~.fyin~ tll~ir ~7hys~.cs,l prc~pertxe~ ~d~~r~e a~' d,a.~~a~~sian$ ~r~r~~~aress~b~.1`~.~GYa and the:. ~a.I~e} e such treatment ~aay be t~cz~d~~cted in c?r~b:~~~ata,an wa.~h tl~e bJ.~ndi~,7 nr ~,he ~cre~;~,.n~ aper~~.t~.on. ~'rwquentl~ pre~.~,rr~:irra.r~ anl~teal.i.n~ of the pa~ac~~rs ~s a~esor~,ad to air order to ~:ncr~ase thea.r pl~~st~.cit~ rind ec~i~tpr~'~;sib~:la.t~r (~,t the ~~rpense of ~h~ redo ' o ctn. n of axades ~11d ~ha rerna~s;~, of the cc,ld?h~z~c~en~~.rr~- eff~et}. ~nrleali ng ~s sameti~n~s am~a~.r~~ed to ' obt~,an horiio~eneaus solid scalutians -~ horn/ z~y~ a~st:~an of the ma.x~u:~?e (the anneal~~.~~ af' +~np~,e~?~?~a,na chaz~ ~e~a tun,~tsn carb~,de and titat~~.urn mixtures, etc). ~' anneal~.n~ ~s ac~ndueted ~.n a proteatave or rep Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 !, ,: y , , ~~ _ ~,, _ __ __ __ Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 duc~,n,~ atr~a~~~~a~~~, at -tezr>,~~ra~;u~es r~ra~n,@; ~~~~~~ruac~.xna~e~.y w~th~.n the ~an~;c of ~~ ~? ~.OQ p~r~cgnt of ~~h~ b~l~~.n~; tcm~acr~ture ion `xax~ ~,vns~ ~ r~mewhat h~.~~~ar th~,~l ~~kre b~.ka~r ~tem~r~.ture}, ~~uch an- ac~a~ :~~ usu~].J.y c~rrdu~tt"id ~n ~th~ ba.kin~ ~urna:oas~ car~>pr~~w~,n~ the ;.~,owdcrs ~.ratU br~.qu~~;te~ s~f~~i~?~'i.n~.shed ~a~^o- d~.LCt~ arc ob~,~a.ned,, 'fin d:~.m~n~i~~ns caxres~,~c~nd.~.n~ to ~h~ requrerrlent~ n~ the sand ~~rcaducts to tae rr~anu~ao'tt~red and 'ta~~.n~ ~.ritc~ account the de~'urrnati~~~.~s, to ~~~' ~~he br~quc~tes Farb subject :gin sl~bsec~uent opexy~~.ti.ans (b~ak~.n~~ cal~.brr~t~n~~ end the ;1~.kG}, ~~he s~tz~~n~~~h of trae b~~ique~~Les must ~~e c~dcqua~tc .~Q absorb ~h~ stx~a~.n off' cr~.r~?yxn~ nd pac~c~n~ pr~.a~ to the ba.~C~n~; o~e~?, ;~rir~uat~~n~; ccamp~?a:~~s ~ha ~'c~1lo~rir7~ e~~er~t.ians m (a j p~o~- pax?t~.c~nin~~ ~~r~v~~~~tr~,c ar ~v~,';~1ur~ct~r?ic~ and.. the z~ir~u~~.n~, ~;h~,r~e n~a the pros ~mo~.ds3 fib} pre~~ii~~ a~era.'c~.o~a9 a~ br. ~ ~u:~st~tee f rca~n the molds ? the {c) rer~aval Cxr~`v~.rrr~t~ic ~x~opar~i~~ of the chore is am~~~layed ~'~r nan~ ala,tc~m~tic 'pressing, vc~l~;7metr:~c ~~rc~pdrtzc~n~.h~; p~ess:i:r~~. for autamat~.c ~1~~ ~eurin~ a~ the ch~~?~~ ~.~ `~o b dine ~.n a u~i.fcarm nn~x~ aar~ be~.r~ ~~a~e~ ~ta' m~inta~.n .the hari~anta,~. level cif tine ,pa~rder a. the pries ~c~~.d? Thl.s a.t~~.`,ned by v,~ric~us r~ethddsr ~y hand~sh~,~~a:h;~ c~:' ?~1~a ~~~re~~,-mald (tap,~in~ it a w~oodcn n~ral~,et~ car by ~~F~w mechttn:ical v~a.bra~~.nn, by ~si~~ ~r~sf~~ triuld~ c~~ pr~dQ~errt~ned valurn~9 d~s~,~nsd pr~c~.s~~.y t~ n,c~~a~t~adate a; ~~.~~n ~e.L~ht , c~ cha.~~~a ~th~~ rrt~thod is r~ca~.r~~nded ~a.rticular3.y Shen a.utama~:ic px~es~n~ i~ used); and ~",lly b~ the use a~' spacial. le~r~lers, 271 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 u~ ~m nip ~re~s ar,a~c~s, P~,he pa^s~e moxd (F~.~ur~' ~.~.} ''aon~;~~~~ a~' ,~ ma~.n .. paxts~ ' (~} the ~u>r~bler (matra~}, w~~ch s~r?v~s far ~~ce~,r~n~ the ~~owd~r and for the o~ the ~,~t~~?~~, surf~.~t~ of the aor~- ~~,resr:~d }'n~.e~; ('~ } ~tla~ ~alun~er, wh,a.ak~ ~,~ ~h~ r~~b~.~.e p~,r~ far the farrnat~iun of the ~o~a ~uxfac~ ~.nd fr~r the rcar~p~^~~,~3.c~n ?f t~~a pawd~r; (.~J rho #~wnb:~er ~upprar?~~.n~ ~aa~~ for ~~he ~'ox~r~,fi~.c~r~ of the bc~~ttorrt cur f~,~~' ~~` ~h~ bx~.qua~;~e~ and fr~x? ~~rev~;nt Ln~ ~~~re pawd~r f r~arrr ~~o~~rin~ out of? tha pr~~~ mc~~~G~, In ~dda~tion to t)~o a b~.~i~ u~.r~~;~' ?~hw pr~~s mold ~.~ ~~u.~.ppoci wa.t1~ aula.~x~y ~aarts, ~~rh.:~ah px?c~?~~.d~ for the affec?~iv~ ~ ject~.nx, of ~Lhe ~x~.q~a,e~~t~ ~'rorr~ ;~~he mu~cl~ ~?r~r the rr~a~a.nt~n~nco a~' pr~Cis~.c~n a.x1 ~~1e s~.r,~ c]~' the lari~ue~,?~~, for ~1~~ un~.form cumpre~~~.on ~?~ bath ~nd~, end tho 1.ik~. ~r t~~~ r~;thod for'th~ rc~~cnav~:l a~' the la~qu~~~e~ ~h~ pz?a~~ ~'io1.d~ Caro c~?~s~~.f~od :into two t~r.~a~~s `(1) bx?i.~;u~tt~ `fc~rc~d out off' ~,h~ .~c~,c~ by px~o~~>urc~ (~'~.~ruz~os ~,~., ~3, ~C., ~:c, l~~, 17) ~ Ana (~~ bxi~u~t~~e x~~emov~d frx~m ~ro~.c~ u~:cam tho d~.s~~4~r~iblin~ pf the l~ttor (F~.~ur~e l~}. (b) ~'a,~;ur~ '1~c ~~.r~,~a~.~~t, pr~~u tr~a~,d de~i~ned w~$h a~rll~dria~l end p~'o du.ct~ ~.n v~~.Pws ~ ~? cc~mpl~es~~.~n pasit~,pn; ~~ ~ fc~roin~ br~.quu~~a Uut of tll~` r~cald: l .~ turr,; ~ ~ plunder; ' 3?? ~urri~a.~,~~' . upport~.rr~ ba~e~ ~~ ~ ao~pxe~~a.n the powder; ,~ ~ ~.~re~win~-out b~~e .~ ~~ Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 1 ~x~as~ ~I~a~d ~~w~+; ~~ ~~uner ads J~ _ cbc~cl~, ,~ -~ ba~.~~~; f~ ~ oozn}~x~as~~.~n ~o~il;ion. ~ "" p y ~'~;~urs ~,~? C;~~~.~ap~~.b1a px~~~~ ma~.d. ~~~ ~ ~, ~ ~ra~~ rnald ~'ar brr~sl~ b~~rw~.npw: 1 ~- ~a~a A~~~r~ 2 w I ~.~;ur ~ bo~-ta~n ~,uri~~;r; ~ - ~~~?~~~; ~-~l~~v~ ~umb~.~r; 3 ~- rock; ~. ~ ~ a~~~~;.r~~a.n~; dev~.cs ); "r ~ ~s~~.~~.on. ~~~.pu~'~ ~, I~ra~~ 1~1~~a~d~ for up~ri~~r~c,.:i~an. +' ~~ ~. A Pr~s~ rr~o~.d '~'c~r, 2-d~.x~~c~~.ran~~, aam~~x~ar~~a.+.:~n c~~ ~'sN~:~~"i~~.~h ~'~, ~Ll ~b ~, w ~tlambl~r ~ ~ ~ 'rod9 3 - r~.n; ~ ~- top d~ s~. ~r~ b>r~~Y~ ~~~ ~ ra.n~,~ ,~ r; ,~ bc~t~,c~in ~~.~~r>,~~r; ~ ,~ ~~d; "~ - `b~~~ ~uP~art? ~]a~n~~t , . , i urn 1~. ~'resM i~,nld ~~.~~ ~~rin~ far two-da.rea~ianal aom~z~ssian. ~`_~_ 2g Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 {~) (b) ~~re ~.'~ ? ~riquett~.n~ for erad pra~ua~~ a~' comp~,ex ~ha~a~ ~ aMwith any p~.ura~;~~?, b~w~'th twa ~~a~,un~er~ (~ ~anc~ ~) . ~n hanr~~c~p~~?~.~~~d pa~e~~ ri~~~,ds with the e~scta.un a;~ the product (~ e~ ~":~~ur~ 1~.~ 'b) ~ the twr>,bl~x ba~o a:~ r~;mo~r~d~ ~h~ s~~ on ~ s~~;~ia~, bass, end tYie ~r~duct ~.~, s~e~~ed by pre~~ur app~, tv ~~he ~;lun~;ez?? ~hc ~m,aurit a~ ~~ec~a.n~ ~re~.4~ure u~ual.~,y f~.uctuate~ w:i~;hir~ the r~in~;e of a t? ~(a percent of the; pre~.~.~t~,re. ~~n riatxa to the height end. ero~~ section of thc~ br~.~:;uette ar~d the lu~r~.can~~) ? ~ n press rnalds ~r~c~un~,ed an~x'os?~ss the e jectia~ is t~nrie from below with .the aa.d a:~ ~pF;a1.a~. e~~~tc~~~s, replac~.n~ the base suppar~s (see ~'x~ure 13) ? :Cn the `prow'' ce.~s of e~ec~;xan the bra,quette ~.~ ;aubject to exp~a~as~.on8 sa 'r reQl~lt of ~~he c~.~~~tir" ~.f~'~ex-ef:~'ect (~~3 pc~cer~t %r: ~ c~:~.~netrcal cl~.roC~-an a;nr~ U.`~ p~:resri~~ zip he~.~;~'~~ b ~n ~~rder to pre~~rF~zx~- ~.a.rl~.ra~~.~y cr~c?~:i.n~, ~. ~;r~~d.u~~. ~aidcna.n~~ of the e~~scti~~n ~i~;~~.e (a t~.p~:r off' ~~. ~ .. 1 de~xee ref tc~ the ax~.s of campress~,an) ~.~ to be pra~ vir~ec3 . Cal~apsxble press ma1d~ are less productivea and they are used a n~.y a.n 1crw~~t~~sn~~;h ` br~.quetta.ri (tungsten :end hard al~.a~rs) ar in the c~'~t~inin~ of br.~iquettes a~'' campl.e~ Wh~pc. rn pz~i~s~.n~~ the cc~~.~.~p;~.~~a,le p~~e~~ r~~to~.d ~.s yet ~.n~La ~~ ~~~ci~,~~ chock see ~'~,~ure ~.~),. ~.n it is braced bo~.ts, In same c~se-~, the pras;~ r~G:Lc~. ~~s enca~et~. ~.n ~ . s~lr,c~:e.~. ~~.c~~et. In this ~a~~P, t~~~~ c~es:i~;n cif ~~~~ inm tern~~~ parts the dismantlzr~~;. In mu:~t~.Mcr~.d~.s aollap p~es~ molds several b~~.quett~.n~s c~.n be made ;~~.r+7ul~~,r~causly,' Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 _. ^ Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 a ~,vta:%n preo~.s~.~an ~.n tl~c~ h~:~~;k~t of the br~c~ue?~~,s, sr~rest~.n~ dsv~.ass ~x?e u~ed~ '~,'he ~a~~~z~?e~~t~.n~;'de? ~.~ fxer~uen~~,y ~' col~,eat~.c~n f ara,n ~ ~r ~~.:~~;~~ s s,.~nst tiaha.Ch ~~ ~ ~' } ~ ~ ~~ ~1rar~~ex? a f ?~k~e px?e~s ~.~ tl?i~?u~~ due ?~o ~z~r~,h~;~rner~~- tl~e aesc~~a~ a~' _~he ~7unCax t~~~.~.:~ b~ ha~.?~cd when 'a pr~det~x~m~.ntk ],~v~~. ~.~ r~~a~~a~d, p~a~r:~d:tx~ t1~e~*eby fax tk~e sk]c~c, hea.~~h~ of the bri,q~ette. A ca:~~.~;o~~Qn ~f k~~,s.tes ~~a.d upan the k,~ttotr~ plate of ~.h.~, k~z?ess w~.l~. a~.sU ~~ rest the dr~~rs.rd' nlnt~,oX~ ~f 'the~es~ p1un~~er ~~ a. prc~date~~dnined ~.e~~:~.a ~~ ~~ s, pass:~~ale ~? ~1,in~~.r~ats ~,h~ ~rr~~~t~.n~ c~~;viCe, a.f ~k~~ pr~,s~ maid ~.s prova.ded wi:tti a punchp gilt be the?l.~st ~~s.~nst the uppem erad G f' tkie tumbl~r~ , when ~. prsr~ete~~m~ned ~:~~re~. ,is res,c~~ed by the.. pz~ess p~:un~e:,:~o `~h~` shapan~ of internal, ~~.Zrf~,ces ~:n br~,c~ue?~tin~; is ~ffect~;d e~.ther Faith tk~e s,~.d of a puneYi {d,~.e} ~ s. base support, or speci~J.:ky `desi~?ned rod. pith 7?e~?er6r~Ce to ~;h~.~, se~rera3. tomes ref press meld de~:~..~;n clwf~'exar~t~:ste~1 ? ~, - A ;~~?eu, ~1nld far uni-dix~ect~.c~rzal, brick~.~ettin~y .~r~ ~b.ich the f~r~otic~i~a of shapira~ the ~.r~tcrna.l. ; openl.ns is p~:~rf~r~~~~ed by ~. p~.x~ch { s~~e ~'~.~ure 1~,~ a) . L~uah t~r~aes ref press `mol.~~ should nc~t be used. ~'or txl~ manuf~~tur~~ of 'bus~i bea~~:'tn,~s 'r;,eyt;nd ~~~1~ u:i~e of 3C~ ~~~~i~l~.~ian~ter~ ire ~3:t~r~~tex and hel.~k~~~R !~ pass mold fox? uni~-d~.recticanal br~iqu$ttir7~, ~in which t~~e ~'unct:~c~n ~f sha~i.n~ the 3.n~~err~al c~p~n~,n~e is pel~for~YSsd b~ a s~eciall~r desa.~~ned x~ad, {.:see ~'~.~ure ~~ b), phis pa~ess ~~~1.d ~nay'b usad fog ~l~+s ~n~nufacture_ ?f' cyl~.~~ckers ~a~1r~ thickwwalZ~;d. t.;tash be~r~n~s u~; to ~aG ~ni'11~r~et?rs l.n diameter ar~d he~.~hta A press n1o,~d for ~wu-da.rection~l, brique?tr~a.ra~; with tiro Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ''' ;,. Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ~r~,ve~.~.n~ ~~un~h~s ..w tap. end bo~t~tQrn ,(gee ~`~.~~a^~ ~~) ~ ~~ ~.~ de~ ~~.~ned ~'or manu~`~.c1~ur~x~g prc~duat~ a~' aorxs~.~~rrable ~~~e:~~;ht (;1~U ? 2fJt~ r~xa.1,~;~.rne?t~rs and irb~?~'e), ar o~ ~ hf~,h z~a.ta.a ~,~ h~a,~la?t to d~.a~~riete~^ or ~ta w~11 ~~?~~.c~ 1~n~a> ~~ (1a ~ ~.rl ~~i~ ~) . ~~x^c~ ~ ~~ rnc~ ~.d ~ Q~' ~th~, ~ t-~a~ are ~rc~qu~nt~.~r de~:~n~~ wa.~h a ~p~G~a~. padg w~.~,1 s~to~a the h~~ rf~~i~G,f.o~r Buz thc~ b~t?tt~rn punch un~t~.~' ~unh t~rae ~~ the tai ~unch~1a,ttaa.r~ed a ~redeterrn~.rled ~.eve~.~ then th~~ paa~.~ic~n ~.~ zeatehsda the axrea~in~ ~aad ~.~ r"~;r~c~vr~c1 ~nc~ ~xie carnpxe~s~.c~n prao~~ds ~'rc,n~ b~~.o~~ a?t the e~p~nse a~ ?t~re ~~~aventent ~; f the tum~~~.ex ~~e:la~iv~ tc~ the ~;ottara~ punch. ~;ra sta.1~. other de~:z~;ns~ i~he prem~tur~: da~~cent of the ~.~ arre~?tet~~ by a 4~~eca.~~1 ;'G;x'~.n~9 wh~.ah t~a~ ~~r~:a.~;h~ of the latter ~~ee ~~:it',re ~.~). ~`he a.dv~r~?~~~?~~ cl~r~.vcd ~arc~m the ur;e.; n~ ~waad.r~at~.ona~. px~es xnald~ rare ghatthey ~aradt~c;e =~x~~.q1}.et.tes of u~.f,orrn c~~ns~.t~r a:nc~ high qua~~.i?t~~ `!'he disa,elv~nta~e~~ ~.~'e that ~he~ ~~~n a.n?to , ~i~~e~, cc~r~~p~.~~ da~a,~n~ a ad h,~~her co~~l:.w '1'l~e pz~e~~,~ t~~~a~.d ~,':~~~~ ire determ~.ned by the fo]:l~w~.n~ ~a;:l~ culatian~. `the heft a~` ~~he, (ma~z?~.~) equal. tka~s hea.~ht o~ the brique~;te~ by the cora~r~~~ign factor, plue the t~h~,.el~~- I1@ aS a~` the.. topand ~aattc~m rn~~.; ~~~e cc~mpre~~ian factda~ ~..s: the r~- t.~.o of the vv:~un~etrs~c ?we~.~ht of the briquette to the vr~~.urnetric ~~i~ht c~$` ?the ~c~~rdex~~ ~'pr md~t a~' the ~.ndzstr~.a.l ~anwder~g t~.e care p7?eu s.~iara f'actc~r ap~ra~~.x~~~te~~r squa~.s ':~ ~ aind the height cif the z~n~.- ~xix ~:~ ,~ ~ ~.~` tizne,~ the he~.~h?t a~' the b~a.c~uetter 'the p~~.nch ~t~~.e~` and other opera.tin~ 'par?te of eppropri.ate cc~n~pu~~ed he:iTn~. ~~he cle~rahd$ ~et~r~en ?~he punch ~.nd the m~tr3x ~.~ tc tae 'ade~- grate ~a al:l~aw the f"ree pa~~~:~e ref air durir~~ tl~e coa~ipr~~sion a~' ?th~ Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 pr~w~sx. ~~c~w~vsx9 ~~r~~x~ c~,~a~~.x~c~h ~x~~ sx~e~ ~a~v~~ th?~ ~avr~d~r wa.~~. in t. ~: nt. ~c~~h~'r~r ~~~ o a ~ ~.~~) ` ~ a~rn h ~.~~u~~.n~s ~ ~e~~~~rdt~ ~o k ~ k~ d z~I ~ ~ ~ .a ~ d ~ t~~.~h~.h ~~hc~ rar~~;s a~ ?~ ~ Ica u a ~~rc;~t~t u~' trig; b~~~~,u~~~Ga di~r~r~~~z ~'hs 'rl~~ra~rac~~ ~a~.~sd ~n the E.%~~i1Z ~,r~ srr?~~,:1.~~~ ~~~~sra. ~~h~ G~b~v~ ~.nd~.- ~a~~~c~ (~h~~' ~~r~~.~ ~,ecord~inr~ the x~ur~x~~.~~; r~~~d ~"r~~ewr~lnn~.n~ ~'~.~~ ~~o' ~~1~~ ~xad c~.a~~ u~' ~az^~c~~~h). "~~.~x c~.~~~r c~.a~r~.n~~~ ~~re u~;~ci ?~.n ~~hs t1n.~~~~d ~~;a~;es ~ see , ~"~.~uxs ~ . ' '~''he ~.xx~~rna~. dis~rie~~r off' t~.e ma'tra~y squab tki~, ex~ex~na~. da.a~r.~:t~ar c~~:' ua~i~ b~u~'~ l~sax'~.1~~s l~i~t~l the Gh~n~~~ ~.~~ a~,zs;~, ~~~l~i.oh w:~~.l r~~u:~t ~'rr~ri~ ~~a~C.~n~; ~~;~.1~~;,r~~ ~.r~~a a,~;Gt~ur~~;, plus t~~ cr~r~~~~r~s~:~on tc,~.clx~~a~i~~ ~.n c~~.:i.~ar~,,~'~.~~gi. I~' ~~i~r~ ~.~~ 'shrin~a~a d~r~.n~ i~h~ ~aa~Cita~ a~' saan~a ~~c~wd~x~s, ~,ho '~n~t~~:~a.l aial~n~~er~ ore ~;o b~ i~~r~~~~~,d acew orda:n~~.~r ~.r~d v~.c~ ~vrrr~a.. ~~ ~a~.~:?w~ ~ha.~ the c~imsn.~~.~n~ o:~ the ~ra~s mold to b~ ~.n nc>~; one ~;o ohs dirn~n~3.~nw of the cant~mp~.~~sd end ~ara~u~t, but a.~.~U in x~ola~~on tc~ the eh~rt~c~~sx~ i~f,:~;,~ c~~ ~hc~ ~c~w~~r us~~ `~'?~ ~~~,` tc~~.~ran~~ ~.~ usu~~.~. 0. ~,~ w {~. ~~.CJ m.~.~~.~rLatars (C1~~~~zadirt~; an the d:i~=rs~A~~~r a~' ohs bush b~ar~ ~.~~ } , '~~he di~mat~r ~~ the rad` wh~:~h ~c~s ~Ghs :l.~~ts~ria~. ~~zrf ~,c~ a~' the ~u~~~ bsa,:ra.rt~~ ~q~ua~,~ t~~s :~ntarna~. off' ~~hs bush bear- ~.ra~~ ~~~~1~ ~h~ d~~~ ~1~.~~ra~ca n~a.~ i~Qr ~h~ charms ~.n ,~t~n~~.ons~ w~.l~. t~Gc~ixr ~n ~h~ ba~~iri~ ~~' ~h~ k~r~:t.quc~~~e, ' ~~lus the c~:~~xanc~ b~~ twon the ca~;~..~ra~.~.n~ rod rah the hunch :and the ~.n~erna.~. c~iarf~a~-~r ~~' the bus~i b~~;r~~.n~ ~`~z~ ~.~,~~t~r ua~~ml~.~~ c~qua~.s ~. ~ti M Cl. ~C~ rrA~1.~,~rn~t~r~. ohs e~~~~,~. d~~.sXnetsr a~' t~~e'matr~.~ ~.~ c;c~rr~~u~~d bar' pr?~? a~sdzr~ zrart~ ~~h~ ~:~rsn~th cif ~~h~ matr.~.x rr~a~ter~.a.1, ~,xad ~h~ ~~z~~~~s ~,sv~~.t~~a~ng in the briqu~tt~.n~ ,opsr~ta.Gn `~`~.~ br.~.c~u~~tz~; pr~~suz?~ i~,aed w~.~h' 'the ~.ncreas~ 'stn the i~~rdn~~s of the Declassified in Part -Sanitized Co A roved for Release 2012/ py pp 04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 _ _ _ Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 pr~~rd~x~ ~~o~'sv~x~ r~~rr~~n c;~.~~x~r~ce~ aye a~c~r~~a~ve~ ?~h~ pc~rdax w~.~~. q ~~.~~) o r~c~ ale~u~~:nce~s p~a~~s~ratc a.ntca t~hent~ ~{~,e~`~'aa ~x1d ~a~G~ yea rr~~ ra~~h~.n ~~kte xar~~~ of Q, 2 Ica i1? !;i ~~;xcen~ c~~' ?~1?re ~r~? da:a~~~az?~ ~ ' re srnc~~.:l,~,x~ ~x1~~~ ~l~I~;~a ~abave ~nd~.~ . ~'l~e c,~.sararaa~~ u~.e~. ~.n the C~,a~k~ ~ c~~~d (?~h~y ta~~ ~n ~~;ccc~rd~r~c~~ ?~he x~r~~~.n~; aka.n~; ~ ~~akc~z~. a,r~~o a.ccc~u~~~;, p1,u,s the caar~pxeaaian ta~.c,raxace an c~l~.b~~~,t~.or~. ~~ tYi~;re ~.-~ shy? dur~n~ ?~h~ 'b~kita~ off" saute ~~c~wdex"~9 ~,h~ ~.r~~e;x~na.l d:~arneteru~ Qr~ ~Q be a.ncrea~~;d. aec~ '' ~'~ ~,.~,m~+ns~c~ras of the c~rda. :L. end vc~rs~. ~~ ~'al~.ows ~ha~ i1~e ~ ~ ~rnent~~.nrYS ''e~ the xas~~ rnalt~ a.r~ t4 b~ ~x~ relation nc~ti ?n ~ ~;q 1~he d cantetnpla~~d end praduct~ but ~,lsa a.n ~~e~.ation ~a the char~~cter is?~,ic;,~ ~:~ the ~c~wder us~cl. 's'he a~1~i~ra~a~vn tc~leranCe ~s uffiua~.l~`, 0, ~ ~ w U. ~.0 nz~~,lxra~t~r,;~ (c~ep~nr3in,~ can ?~he c~,ia~c~~de~er a:~ tae bu~s1~ bear ink). 's'he esiama~~r' a~'' the rc~d-wh:~e~x farms the :}.z~~srr~a~. ~ux~aee of ~h~ bush beax^in~, eq~~als the n~~rnal diaa~ne~er~ a~? ?the bu~l~i brag- ~~ ~r~~.~l~ ?~he due a,ls.n~~r~;~ace made ~^car ~h~ ahar~;e ~.ra c~~rn~rrs~.~ar~~, ~ril~. occur ~,ra the ~al~~..~~~ of the ~~ra.q~~c~tt~ ~~:1:us the cl~aranc~ ~~~ ~~?ec~n Mahe ca.l~..brat:~n~` rr~d a~ the punca~ and the xntreernal c~ia,rne~er of" t}~e bush ~~~~Y^_~n~. '~'k1e ~.a.t?~er usuall~~ equ~.l.~ a- ~U ? t~.30 n~~,l~,m.e?~e~~ Thy a~trnal di~xnet~r o~ the rrat~~.x is `cc~rl~~u.ted b~ p~a~_ eeeda.z~~ z~~ris ~~he ~:~rerl~;~l~ caf ~Ghe ma~ri~ snate~ra.s.~. ~,nd ~h~ s~res~~~ dev~lap:~n~ in tae bri.qu~t~~.~~~ apsratr~n, `s`ae '~rique~?~iz~ p~essux?e is ~lncx~Q,~sd with tine increase in th? hard.nea~ o~ the 'initial Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 anS~c~~~s~ ~.r~ ~;k~c; .x' d~~~~~~,1;~,~~~ G,nc~, ~n ~;he x~~~t~c~ off'' ~x~e hc~i~h~ a~' u~lr; ~7x~~.c~~x~~fi,~ ~~ca ~h~ w~~~?~~ ~'~h~.clcx~E,~;~ cad ~~;~~~ -~~~~~x~.x~ ~~ ~ ~il~a?~~~~ la~.?l~wer,r~ ~,, ~J~)u r:~.x~,c~ ~~,l~~~t.~ ~r~:,;r~ar~~~ ~~c~r ~~~x~~.~~a ct~za.~,~.iara~~x~. ~'~~~ ~~a~c:i,~':ic 1,~,fi~r~,r~~,~. ~~~~?~ ~u~~~' caxc~a"?~~c~~.~, 1ar..i.c~ti~~? u~u~~~.1.y ~nraun?~s Ica ?~ ?~ '3;; ~c.;rcen~ cad` ?~rZe tc~~~~~ ~}:~~~~.:~:tr, ~z~~~t~~a;r~~ ~'h~ `:~~,?Lcr~~, ~ s~7~a ~.~':~~ 1 px~~?~r~~ y c~xa b~ c~a,~~t~~u~;~~ by ~'rax~nu:1.~~ C i wh~~~a :~~ the c~r~~'f'~,c.~.~r~?~ ch~~~~c;tF~x~:~.~a.r~~ ~h~ r~~ica ~~ i~he l~t~ra~. ~re~ ~ux~ tc~ ~h~ ~ca~~,;~. jax~~;,;~~~.~t~A E~ is ~;he x~l~t ~v~ cc~rr~~~~ctne~ ~ a~' t11e t'~ri~~,t~e`~~e~~ ~~~ ~~ 'the ~'Q~.swnn ca~~~'ici~xr~ [~o?.~s~~ran~ ~ x~Fa'~lt~~ a ~.~ ~h? ~~er;~.f:ic '~az~~~s~ua~ a~' bxic~u~~~a.r~; ~'.hc~ ~r~.1.u~ s ` a ~' fc~r v~~rit~~.~~ `r~e~G~a., ~~owd~r,, ~,~ .z~el~~,:~.a ?~o ~,h.~.i~x r~~.~?~iv~ ''r.~~?ns:i~;i~-~ '~.x~'enut~ier~~~c~ .~~ ~~b~e ~o '~ab~:e ~ ~.. ~~~:lun of ~ c~~n~~.~-3r cif ~a~c~.r~~~, ~.n pc~rc;c~?~ ~,~ ~~e~al 1QU 9Q 80 70 6~ 5~ -- -~-- ~ .-,......~..Y,,..; ....,~,.....~ ~~~ (~) O .4J~G.1~. U1~~. U.~~ ~ UOW~~ 40~~J U.~'j U.~.~ U~,~~ `~h~ ~'arrrl ~r~d the d.~.zr~~r~~ions''af the ~x~ produc?~s ire t~ be,w~hah dsu~~ra~.n~ 'thy ~res~ r~~o~,d~ ~~~~ ~`~~urne ~9 Cha~~~r zed Cop Approved for Release 2012J04125 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ~ ,~ ? ~ `~ ~ ~ ,,? , , ; , U ', ; ' ",u"~ Declassified in art - aniti Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ~;~1' "t~e~tc~~~,ad~ar~~,~i~a~c ~~~,teri~:l,a~'), ti~a.~h, a~.~r~ t~a~a.n~ :l.rxi~o a,ccc~l~nt tk~c~ ~'~u:~dit a~ ~~~~a rr~~ta~. ~~at~dQx::4 ~'Qr a.nai~ancsy in ?t,he case of a Y px^~~~~ ~na1.d w~.~;l~ anc: ~~iznah ~x~':~r1z~,~ ~.C~,a,~,'~~~c ca~ri;aa,c?~n~~~ raf ~h~ b~~: ~ue?~~,~ :i.~ ?~hc ~~n~G~~^ ~~~~d ~, ~hr `c;d~;~:,r w~,~.'I, 'b~ u~u.~c~rm, The mark e,~a,~e, par?~a a~ the ~~,res~~ m~~~.r~ (tk~~ m~tz~~.ces) are fabr.i.rat~d ~'ra~. ~, ~ 12 steel, which, a~'tex ha~c~a~.n~~ leas h~rd~,ess of C~I~ ~ ~~a ~~~,. ~;e~s * st~s~:a (U~~", ~~i~~~h ~- ~.5a ~, ~~ "~. ~a and othe~a~ a~~e used ~'ar the ath~:r paz^~~ of i,he pre-~a r~?~.d~ :[n the i.; n.1.tE~d "tates, h;i.~)~ips;~ir~ed ]tc,t~;~., hr~~~der~ec~ to 6~~-C~Q~ ~:~ ~us~~?.:i.n thc~ xt1F~,1;:Ln~r a~' the. m~tz~;ix end r."ad. ' the used"uJ. ; ~.f'e off' ~, peas rnc~~.d off' ~.~Tex~a~~ d~.~~~cr rur~~ . ~~ith~.n the range ~~' ~Ot?~~q '~ ~>O~QQCJ 1~r~.r.~i~ett~~s, ~.fter ~,h~y o~n ~F x?F~~r~c~r~d. a.~~~ta pz'e5=~ `rrGC~~.d~ off' ~ lG~r~er da.atreterg ar i~pc~n sdi~ie re~;,x~inu ~.~.~~~ ni.tra,dcd. 'the, cau~ea ~ ome ~,hr:inl~a~e in the ~.n~terna~. r~~.G~netex~ r~r~t~..n~ it pa,~ ~~.b~.e to .~a ~,LUne br~.c~~e`Lta.n~ tG t}x~ r.1a..mensians, ;fin. ~ar7.nd.i..n~ the ~~~"e1~~ tnralcis ate rna~;netic ?, the pre~~r~ r~~~c~~~cl ~:~~~z"ts becr~rr~e rr~,~net:~~~d~ 'l~u c~li~, thy; adl?~e~~a.un a? ircan powc~~r try the Trta.~net:ire~~ ra~.rts: a:t bc,caz~~e~ r~~ces~~a~y to ~'r~. l~ydrau~.i.c and m~chanica~. (f r~.ction. and, cr~nk~ha~'t~ , ~~reas~es s.~e ~~np;a.c~y~d. ~'r~.ction p:~es~~ea ~r~~ ~.esa canven:i,ent and.: their: ..use ert~~.:i_~.s t~~e r:is~ a~' pres`~ rl~c~ld 17i^ealcGa:sre. l~res,~~es deL ~ned ;C'n~. ?t1~< top end ~~~a?~,i::am pr~u~urc ~fc~r t~~e e~cctior~ of t~~e bra.guett~} ~axa preferar~~.e:. dame special ~e~i~;nai; prcl~ide nab ;~anl~r for ',l but far ~.~atgr~~. pr~e~ wu~~~e. ~'he br~.~~t~stti~~ a~ rnatal pc~wcle~,~ in the t'~n~.t~;d "ta~,c~s is done by hyc~.raul.ic pr~ss~s lap to S~UQQ tans ~.n cupa,c'it~ ~~nd mechaniaa.l pr~~;.es ~cr~,~.~~sh~'t ~.nd ~~centric~ up 1.9,~~G tarns in capacity, Declassified in Part -Sanitized Co A roved for Release 2012JO py pp 4/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 [~~:i,~h, n,41~~'~1,11~C)mcl~i"~.~' ~a~~a~aar~-~,c~x~i.n~ ~,ala~ br:i.aue~t~.n~;~~cr~w c~~ 3 m~aa~ ~n c~na ~3 ~ hcux ~xx~?~~' 7~~~~~1~ p~~c x~r~c;;,~ a~n ~~~xac~llc~ ~'rc~n1 t.;., f') ,~a ~,UUt) ~:,r~~~c~.~w~ (cltpca~c~:~n~ an ~~he~.r G~~~~~c; ~~x~c~ rarr~~a~,~ar,~.~~;y' a~' ~;x~ t,h~; CJn~~.~~r~~ ~~?~~a~ ~~ A,mct~.i.c~. ~-~a~ ~:~~e~~.~a~ 4~x~e dra~~r~n rzu~anx~a,~a.~~.~.:~,,~r {s~~ ~~:~~;v,r~ 1~). Thy ck~ar~c :~.a~.d~c~ 3.n~v ~'u~~z~~~. (1}9 f'ln~r~ ~;,e cat~u1ra~~.;~ ~~ .~rita ~ 1~~~~a v~ sl~r~~,a~ ~~~~~ ~aoxaci~r +;~`,i.~ur~~ 2~,a}, or ~k~~ ~'ur~na~:l.c~ra c,~' car ~~^a,ra,>w~r~z~~~~ c~~~a~fis ~dc~per~dira,~ Gaza ~h~ d~r~~o~k~~,~~n off' ~~~ ~ka~ cc~npr~ ;: ~1,ar~ ~,a~~d} ~~`a~~;~~~~~ 2~, 1a end r ). UuzM~n~ the ~~ ~~tld ~~~a,~~a under the mG~, awn ca,~~~a:t~ r~ ~~~an ~ carcea ~ ~r,~,z~,}~n~r,~. ~,n~r~~7~~~~ c~:i,.z?~.>c~ x~~~io ~o Zara~csurc~. 'l~.~~.n~u~~;x~~.~~.un, ~~~~~ t~cruz~ du~~l.aa~r ~h~.~ ,a~~~~;~, ~~w chwrv~ ~,~~1~`i~.~~~.~,xa ~~' ~,~;~~~~u,~u~~~~xr~~ ~.x~r~~ kx~rr~~a~7 ~~y ~tr~ac~~a~'~~ ~~~~ ~'C~~'~s ~i~''~~c~u~~~`~3.x~k,a .fin ~n~s G"c1.~~' ~~, F;.~it't~~i~.~'~.~ ~q'~Cc~1"-i>,~ '~,~1Q ~T'".LfN~1~~'~'~i~ ~c~u~h~~~.~,~ :~~ h~.~~,~r ~~~~n ...n ~,~e c~,,r~ ~~' ~~~.~~~i~r~~~nac~ ~~?~wci~x~w. ~~~~~x~~w~ ~.~ ~.n~r~~~; ~r~ ~i~~~ ~~~ ~~.`~~u~ ~n~..r~ou~~xn~~~ . ~~' i:~~ ~Uta~rc~~~~ ~a~~~'~;i:~~.~~ ~3~ `~a~l~~hrx~~~~~ cif ~~*~.~~l~~~J~~ ~.;~ ~.~~r~~~'~c~ with ~h~ ax~.c~~~~c~n (1;~; ~~:~.~~ ~t,~~ ~xx ~~~~: ~7~~c~~~ ;~?crux?~.r~ t~.~~~~ ~;~~a,~a- xa~~>~ ~~ ~n,~c~u~~~~ '.n~x~~.~~~ c~r~~a~d~~rx~a~.~~tl ~~~,.n,~; 1;~~~~;h~ axx~ ~ar~~~~ ~r~~~.;~~i~a:~ic~xx ~~~;x~~ ~c.~~.~~~., 'c~i~ ~~r~c~.~~ ~n~ ~~ ~c~~~r~~a~, ~.ncr~~~,~~d. ~~.~~ ~1~~ ~c~~~~;~~r1+~~~ a~ ~;~e ~~x~~'ti~~ ~ ~d~~~ 4~~ ~;,~~~~~~n~~ - c~~f~t~x~~Mric~~ ~.~ ~~~~~~x~ ~r ~, ,,~rar~~~~u~.~.n~a~ c~~~~.~'~~on.. ~`la~.~ ~.xx~,~c~~~~~~~zc c~x~~x~~,~r:t,,~~,~~ c,~" ~o.r~a~n~~ ti, .~ ~~.~~~,~.~~ u~.~r~.~ ~ar+~t~~unc~c~ an ~~~~~ ~~i fls~~~~h~;~~e:~3 ~~~x"~~~~~~~ ' Declassified in Part -Sanitized Co A roved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ~ ''~ Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ~~ / N~~1M ~.~~,MF h\~~^Y~m. ~ ~~~T~~MII YIYIA~~.-! ~.1'MI~~ITI ~I'N M~~MYY~~~1. ~. ~~ ~: ~,a~t :l, ~~kx~ ~~n,~~;hn~ ~~ ~ c~ ~ ~~~ (;umXar~~~~~,~an, ~`o~~c~~ '~~ r~ac~~~~ ~.n ~;uxp~ne~~ a~ ~kx~ rr~t~ ~,~- ~~x~r~,~~~r~~s~ ~.~ r~du~~cl ~~.~kx ~1~~ ~,nc ;Cn ~,~.x~ '~r;~qu~~~~~~ ~ ~h~ ~~~~a~~~ ~~ ~~ ~xtr~ ~~~.~,~,~~. ~~U~~r~~~~.. ~~; ~ ~C~(~ . ~x'c;~xa~ ~~ ~11~ ~ c~~rc~a~~ti ~'~~rc~. ~n .~ti~a~x end ~a~~~~? ~ . ~~ 4 ~'r~~'c~ ~~x~, ~,ur~~~,wt~n ~~>cn~rc~ax'-~, a.i~ ~a~~caun~~ ~Esx^~c~zt~, cad ~ ~;c~m~ar. ~~~~~. an y ~:,. , ., ~,., , ?~ .~z~,d ~.n ~1~~~ ~;~~~+c~ c~~ ~au~rcl~x"~ n~` ~~~~r~c~ r .:l.:t.a~r~ ,~,~ ~,~.~)n~ Ci~' rc1, ,)~7'C~1~'~"id ~'~~wl.~ ~,~ i,~~ ~1j~CaC~.~~.~ '+,,~ r~~~a~:~unt~'~ uc~ ca~~~~ ~r~~ lu~-:i.xaax~~~ iri~~ kxa~~r~~~'! ~,~~' ~~wc~~Y'~;~ ~,~~~ x~a~rrn ~'~~' ~;kl~ ~ac~ci~.~~~.ctYa ~~' ~~r ~:~r~ ~,3~~~~r~u~t,?t~irx~;p x ...r~ t~~~ c~-,~ ~~' ~C~~.c~~k,~.rde~,et~ t~nc~~~r~. ~~u~r~~~~ l~ Y,'z~~~r ~~,~.n ~. ~~ ' ~ ~d ~i~h tie t~~~~~u~ ~n~ r~ou~n~w ~c~u~l~xx~ ~..~ ~.~ ,~n~r~ ~~ .~~h~ ~~c~~rd~~~ ~~,x^~~z~l~~a r. ~ ~~., of ~~z~~.~~u~~~~ ~, ~.c~c~~~t~c~ ~~~~h ~h~ p.~~~~.oxx ` ~ ,3 } ~ ~~ur~.,~~n~x ~,~. ~ . ~ end ~Y~~k~ ~~;h~ ~.~~s~~~.~~~xa a~' ~P~~~~~~~.~~~~ . , ~.r, the ~1c~~rc~~r ~;,c~u~~:~Y~~ x~t~~.~h~~ `~~a~a~~~ r,~w~ ~~' ~x?~.s.~u~~i~ ~~.x~~x~~~~~"~ ccy~~~~.d~r~ib~.y'~ ar~~~~ ~~,~~~~~:i,~a,r~n ~~,xz~ e7.~1 ~k1 (~ i ~c~u~~n~; w~~.~,h~G ~r,e~ ~ ~~m~nc~~ ~.a..~~:t~ ~~,1 ~k>;~ r,~t~~ cad' ~~~~ ~~~;r~rcl~r ~~,u~~~n~~~w: ~~ ~~~ ~r~.r,~~x~~~~~ t~ n ~~~~~~,.~~;x~~~~r~ ~i~kx ~I~~ ~~a~r~~zt~;~;; cad ~~~ ~.n~~i~ 1 c~wd~x~ w~.l,% 4+1~CA~C).~w t1~.s,yti~,7~~~4.~ {.~~ ~j~i,it~~~~,nSJ~a ~.b ~ ~ m ~~d~r~ ~~~.~~ ~'1~.t~s~La;~c;c1 ~~w~ ~.~lc~~~ ~~.x~l~r ~ar~r~~c~un~~d ~n ~ ~~~ Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 __ Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ('r) ~~c~:l.s?G~,r1a~N ~G~ caUril~;~^~ a e~.ara ~.~ ~a~~~~.d~~"~k~~.~r ~x~r~t~~ ~~h~n ~~~~~.~~~~x1~c~ ~a ~;~n~,l,a~~, ~ac~~ :t,n~~~~n~~~a in ?C~zc a~~~ u~ ~'o~~sx ~~aa~~r~er~~, ?e~:i.s~~,r~cc ~~a car~a~~~~,~r:~~.a~~ ~a~~~~r.~n~ ~:'' vfx:l.un of ~3U ~ara~n~ off' ~h~ cram? ~:ce~.~:l~an ~'rarc~:, ti~}~~;a.~.,~ :1.11 '~;C~n~x,~~n ~,~- do~~~ nod' ~;~,.caed :l ~ac~rrant o~ ?~l~p (~~ } ~ha ;'Lou~hal~ ~~~ ~~' the li~i.~un~?l-c: ~ ' ~r~rat;:I.y d~~ends can ~h~ ~l~il~aan~:i.c~r~~ ~i~ld cor~'~~n;urr~~~,can o:~ ~k~e ~11t~, r~rarauC~ ~;a ~~~ c~b~~~~.x~~d~ 'I'ha ~ou~;r~~tie~ ~ of the ~~:,,ri.~~,tx~~~t~,F ~.~ in~d~c~ua?L~ ~"G,~` fi1h~~~ c~~.x~ec~ u.~e ~.n ~rcaduc~~.o11. i~: ue~te ra~~c~~~.'~h~ rrRo~~~ ~~r~.~~1as ca~u~e off' ra jcac;?~"s ~:s ~~ha :Cu~r~F~'ta.c;r~ of `trra~~s7ver~~ ~.r1~,~ r~3.a~car7.~~. ~~~~~ x~a~~.r~n r~~~~lc~. Thai :;ire ~ i~~;u~.t ~f i,h~ (a} ':~1i'~~)ir~~~r~.~ c~e;~a.~;nc~d arld ~le~'~~ctiv~a pz~E~~a na~.ds; ~~~ ~.rn~ra~;~~~ ar,~r~pre~;~;~.on; ~.nd e~or~i,on` ~~;rucuc~uz~e,, ~zr1d ~a~ ~c~or ,~u~l~.?t~ ~~~ pa~rci~~~;~. "~~ae: 1~~n~~ ft~c~~~~~ent ~a.n~c~~:t~c~r~.ce off' cracx~ x.w c~u~e~l ~,y ~m~ ~rc~~~; r~.v c~~~i.~~necl a~.d d~~"ec~i~r~~. pra~~ ~:~lde. :fin ~~~t~~,~:d. ~r~e,~w r~~cld,~r ~~~~:~n ~.~~d a~~ructura:l. c?e~'aa-~~ ~~:~.~.~. ar~M ~~ 7a.~,.~t" ~.r.~ the ~~~~~s ~x~:n~~ o~ ~;r~.nsv~ rsc~ 1.~iral~.ri~ cra~;l~~ d~~~ ~n~ ~~j~cw ta.~ga off' i~~ae ~~~?.qu~~~~, '~a ~'ar, e~tal:.l tha ~'r~rrn~~;t; u~~ ~,~c~~ ~~r,.u~.~~~ ~.~:~~r~~,~~~.~.a1~ craa~c~, ~ ~a;:~~;a"~d ax~~~.~~~~.or~ ~~ the ~~;r~~:~ o~aen"~.x~~ of t~1e '. ~ax~~~~ r~a~d Ica. ~ ~ 1 da~;~^ae ~~r~~1~} i~ ~ara~r~.d.~d~ ' ~rr~~ul~.ri~~.~~~ a.n ?~he ~ar~~~, mc~1d ~~,1.~.~g due to ~o~,~r ~'~.~z~:Laa~-a:can car ~a` e~a~~l~~v~ ~e~~9 X1.1.1. r31~~ ~~ cr~i~dua:i~~e ~~ ~r~ack~~.r~~. ,~.nothex~ c~,usr~ caf t~a~s~'~rae cx~;cks, ?~r1:~h ~Gh~ 1~ o~ ~ca~.d ~~~?~~~ .mc~l.da~ i~ ~~h~ a~l~].i~~ta.on of ~~ae~~a.v~a c; ~'caxce, ~h~ e1:~e~ic' ~~fte~Re~'f~~~, c~.u~+~;~ the c~acl~e, a1.>~a.~s i~creas~ 47 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 a.n d~.r~r.~, x~;~a.a ?L~a ~tZ~c; ccli-ija~?~:~~ ~;~.r:~x~ '~'axaG, ~-r):i:i?:l?~ ?~~~ ~~au~hzx~:~~ of ~X~.~ 1~xa.c~u~;~~~a~, ?th~?~ ~~?~van~;; ~h~a ~r7x~~t~~? r~~ a~?~,alca, ~.n~xcra,5~~+ ~:~~ ~. ~~..~w~z? r~~~;~,a ~~ ~~. ,r~~~u~~a in' ~,Z~~: ~~r~~r:nc~ ~~ ~~~~e ~arr~praw~~,an ~'~1u~, ?l~he de~?~x~;ct~~.~~ e~.~~~a,c fra~~c~~ w:i:1,~. nv~r~;uxr>.~ ~h~ ?tt~u~;hr~F~;~~ a~ ~k~e l~ax;i.que~?~~, ;:end ~.uxn ~ n~~?~ioa~ cz~acz~~ ti~~~ ~. ~.~,~~~~arq ~rx~t~'~:.~~ x^~~~, rrs.u~dsg the ~h~?f.~;n~ pr~~~,. ~~ra~d ~r~~.l, 'oecu~?~~~.r~~ ~iura,ix~ ~b~ c~r~~x~ss~.~n a~ the ~,~~~? o~ ~~ie b~~~.c~u~;?~~~?~, ~r~,~:~. c~u~~~ tl?~~ r~~?umltl~.l~~: ~~" ~h~ bx?ic~u~~A?~e ~s.i..?~h ?~l~e :~c~riri~~.c~n off' c~~.~~;c;nG~~. c;xrc?~f~;. J:~1 r~c~~~ c a ~~. , ~~t~Gh ~k~~.~'~G?s c~GC,ux ~~l?l:~.l~ the carrlw ~ax~~~w ~.c.~n .~'c~rre~ ~.r~ ~tiJ,1. hi~~x. Axe' ~xce~~~iv~~.~r ~~.r~w_e jectic~n ~~,r~, ,~r3~?~icu~.~x~~,Y~ ' ~ ~~a~; '~n~d~ ciura.n~ ~1~~ ~`j~ctic~na ~ri~.I. G.~.r~a cause ~.w~r~~~.nat~.c~n c~?~ak~q A~.? ~"~.a?~c~x4 9 :ir~~?~rum~ntal i.n ~;he r~duc?~ic~n `n~' br~.c~u~~t~ ?l;o~.~~~nEa~~~,~ ~~urn ~~~ ;;~c~cacatah ~'~.~.?~ ~ac~~-rcl~r, h:~~;l~ ;~~ur~.n~ ~~a.,h~ off' ~ia~rd~r ~ a pcn~d~rs Uxida,~;an, rap~~.~~ a.n ~1~~ ~~a~x~;e~ ?Lhe co~.?~~1~~~~c~~ni.~~ of pc7~rc~~z~ ~~~,xr~~ a~,e^ ~~r~d. tha ]aka;, ar~~;~n~ iac~c+~:~~: ia~ the ~'c~rr-i~- at~.or~ n~ ~ ~raeks~ ~~y~:c~~~~e?~~~~s_~:r~ ~'or the absence a;~ e~c~~~?r~~,:~r~~~"~c~~~. e'er ~x~~~,~e~$-?,~ ~.nd ~~i~ht~. ;KTI~G ~h~ apera~~.c~n p~ ba.kin~ ac~n~i~ts ~.n a.nzea~.~.n~ ~tl~e br~.que~~e~. a~ ~ te~per"atu~e~ that ~s b~~ow the n~~~.t,~.n~ pc~~.n~ off' the ba~~~ ~oxn~ pone~?~, ~4r the' ~au~?~os~ of ~mpx?viri the mgchanca.~ ~rep~x` a~ `.the end `p~~r~.uct~~ ~~r~~?~3xrne~ in order ~~ eb~~~.n c~xt~zin ~rnw ~~~? ?.in ?~he end ~~?c~d,ucts, ~upplem~nt~.ry tre~,?~~~~ent, fc~J.~.a~in~ the Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 v Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ba,~~a~n~s ;~.~ ~~m~a~,ayed~ as w~:~~ be ~.s~cx~bad fuz??~1~>;er rJawn ~~.~ trxe tex~~ x+urnac~ ~ ~u~^n~ae~ of ?~h~ mo~?~ v~.r~.eci d~s;~.~;n end ca~~r~~~,~n era u~cd f'c~r the b~,.kin~ pf me~a~.~.u~cerarna.c prr~duct~w the sc~ c~~~cxx of m. ?~'ux~~~c~e ~~ ~~ :i.~ c3a~~ irl re~,ata.r~n to 4~ -~erze~ cf fc~c~C)x~~s ?~}~e bm:l~a.n,~. ~~ c~rc].~;; the ~~x~c~tect:~ve at~r~o~~~h~re, ?~em~er~tur~e, G.nd ea~p~ur~e ~,n ~ ~ b~, the cac~~.l~~ ~;M1~wc~.e, ..the of 'fie c~nd ~radu~t,, 'its ~~)~, ~~.~+~, ~~x~~ ~hapem and the l~?k~;. :fin its turn, the s~lec~ ta~.~n of the a?~a~~~r?u~~riate bak~.r~~ cycle c~~pc~nd~ m ~re~?t deal ran tl.~e furrlac~s used.,~.~:;~c~:l. re~:i.s~~~l~ce furr.~cas ~. ~h, nicl~e:;.wchrflme ox~,hi~~w ~ry~; ~.~t~nce , m,l~.~y ~~~ fns mrn ~uitab~.~ f a~ ba.lci..~.~ up ll~~ c~e~;~?~;es ~ent~:~rc~aey ~~~ end ~aetrc~~.rvl~n furnace urn ~,a 1~D0' c~~~;r~eu ~ent:i.~rn~ { sca~~, carba.c~e ~' nitr~.d~~, ~~c w } s? ~ e } pr~v~n~ the naxawd~~~.x~~bl~ bux~ni~~~~nta~ o~ ~.n- d~v~i~u~l ecm~Gra~n`~~ in ir,he ba.kin~ ~z"~oc~,~~ (f`~~ in~~an~Q~ ref c~ar~~n. ~.n h~xd a~lo~r~ } ; ~ ~ } a~ ~ur~ ~Gh~ s r~f`e ty a~ ~h~ b~l~%x~~ grace ~~ ~~. 5l Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 A~ ~ ~axoteGtl.~~ a~rna~~h~z^a, ~r~,x~.a7~.r~ #'~..~,.r~~~ ~x~~a ~~~d, such as ~ carbcan~ ~r~~h~.te, m~ta~, chip, ~^aducl.ra~? ~xld pratect~.~re ~~.s~~, rrydra~en9 pxaducsr ~a~, ~tak~e cc~mbu~t~.or~a. pruducta a,~ a.l.:lu~r~l,natn~; car natural, ~;a~, c3.~soa;~~t~d amm?na.~, a ecmb~,na,t~.on a~' prat~c~ire ~~ses ,~a.l.l.ixaigs, G~nd the l.:lk~, ~n the prc~ces~ off' ~~~~.n~, ~aydroe~rbon~,te, witkl the pr~c~.p~.~;atic~n a~ ,~aat vn tha a~~t:{.cl.e~. ~'hex~~fc~~~a ~~,~~~ cans~.d~r~~l.~ cori~ea~t off' ,~iydr~cax~~~:~c~ns, ~~~1~a1~ ~.~ l~.u~nix~a~ix7g ~a.~s rratura~, ~;a~, metan.~, and pr~c~pai~e~ axe to ba su~jec:;t~d to in~- complete ct~rr~btXStl.ut; aniy. ~'.i~ur~ 3U i~ s. ~;xaphica~, pre~cr~t~ti?n ref tie rata.a bettPreen the compaaitinn a~' the paxt~.~.~.l.y burned natural., ~~.~ and the sir canterat :gin tl~e mixtu>^e. ~'he ap~~~,rat~.z~ .~'ax? tl~te incvm~~le~te ~~.~ carr~t~u~ion i~ ~hr~wn in ~'ip~urs ~1. ~~atir~ ~aet~r~en aix ual~~me and '~a~ vaJ.~ame ~'i~ure 34~ ~tio o~ eornpo~it.i.on a~ iricar~pletely burned natural. ~;~,~ to the a~.r cc~rit~nt' of the ~.ixturem ~'~.~~~re 3~ .Apparatus for ~th~ a,ncom~~le~ rambusti~n of na,t~~ral ~ px ~.~.lumine.t:i~~~ a.s ~c~esi~;~d by ~ener~:1 ~lectra.c~ Tea ba~n~ m~tal~, ~~hicl~ rla not i~~act with carbon, taut ~ar~a Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 e~~~~~r reduc~b~.e ax~d~~ (~'ax ~,n~ta~n~~, ccappar, '~~.n, l~~a^un~r~ end ? the. '~'~~~ ahy ~a~~catect~.~~e ~trnosphere zl~ay be;u~e~~r ~aa ' ~. fi~~~xa~e, p~"o? d~ac~r ,~~~~ ~.nct~rnp~.ete~.y burned natur~,~, . ~,~ and ?~h ~ a e i~ke When b~t~~.n~ .ran ~znd a~trs a1:~oy~, ..the o y f the , form~t~.on o,~ ` c~ambincd car~acan' ~~ the s ~pense oaf tl~e re~.- ct~.c~n b~twe~a~ the m~t~~ cad .the- pr~a~G~;ct~.v~ atnio phere?, ~e ~;o be .tal~er~ intro acccur~t~ by , the cc~nte , ~' rlt caf G0 and CQ ~ ~.n the ~x~~~et:~vQ has ~.~ ~~,a;t;h a W~,y a~ to avoi t d he oxidatic~n,~ ~ s we~.~, a~ the of ircno Zn the br~~~in~; of tuzi~w~~en and refr~~cta~c,~ rc~ettt~.~, Which easi~.y form carb^c1es, ~.t ~.~ ~~e~.==?~ too use u~?e h p yd~ o~;en as the p~~o tectiva atrz~as~~hera, :fin the b~kin~ of h~.:cd. ~;1.? o ~- Yea _ ~n the, eon- trary~, it ' ~. ~ ?ece s~ ~.ry `~o preventthe burnin o ~ _ ut of h~; carbon (for exam~~le~ by the use of c~-~rb?uriza;~~~ f~lla.n ~ ar ~' ~ ~ p ticuldrly when the bakih~; ~.~ dnne in ~~aolybdenut~~~re~i~tanc~ f urnc~.ce ~ . :fin the b~kin~ of t~~etaJ.~, ~'orra cxidee (such ~.s chromium, a~.wninum, etc. ~.~ i ~ ~ s be ~,.t to a~?oid the ec~ntent of ~~~ and N2~7 in the pr~vtec? tae o In such cages .the baking is usua~,ly done ^n the pr~~,ena~ of `shs.r ply,ted hy- drn~;e~~ ~~hich '~.s ~~.~.c~wed ~;o ~~aa~ ~throtk h -'th ~ fur~~a,,e~, fi~.led: Frith met~w~ ~hpa. 't'he baking of ~neta~.s, such' 4ss tantalum, pith an ~~c.a~erat' ed. aft"a,~~~.~y ?ta a~.l, ~a~~~, .with the ea~ce t~. p p cr>~ of rt; ~~ ae s, is , to be ef~'aa.ted in ~. gacuur~ Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ~~ceeea~ ~a~~~~ ~'~,~~ i ~~~ a.n b~k~n~; a.r~; b~e~.a~,~.~.Y ra? ~h~ pxace~M~~ tak~.n~ ~r7.~c~ ~,n~c~ns~c~n~ o~ the r~n~~.ct' k~e t~) ~han~-~ ~n ~h~ d dr~a~:d to _~ u~ua~.~. ~,~a r~cre~.~~e) p ~~} ~ bet~r~~n The prawd~~ par~a.c1.e~. ~ ~ ~ur~~ce~ .. ~ ~~ thy'' bath ~hr~.n a~n e ~n ~tne d~.~1~e~ns~.ans end pax a~~.ty ah ~it~l~.~.~a~~.~~~ ~d) abgorpt3.~n a~ reM ~~~~ end e~r~aan~~.~~n) ; ~ c) r~cry ~.dc~~. ~1~.~;hese ~roc~e.~~,e~ ire u~1 s~Gre~ ~e ~; 9 ~ ~) ~ed~~tc~ian of o~ ~_ ~~.d itat~.~a `chan~e~ ~,n the o?nt~a,c~~ be- ~car~~;;hc~~a' lf,nked e~.ther to qu~tnt ts~11, ~ ar to qu~.~.i~at~ve ~Y~rink~~ ~e ~ rec rys tween ~ , - ~~,tinn ~x?ara ax~.da.z~d ~'~.:1x'n cant~.rt ~-v chan~~e~9 ;;,~c~h ~~ thy; ~r~n. Y ~enfied to 'a rlo~^~n~~. cant~.rt~. urge meta. ac~ntaaty tr~n~a.ti~n ~roz~L a p c~~d~r to the bric~~et~e ~.~ due ~~~~ ra'~l~z~enc~ o~ the r>1~t.~~a~. p ~.c~l en~e~~?~~~en~ ~hrou~h the e~.r~'ace main~.y to the ~~~~re~.~' mech~n ~~ ~~~ ~~.~ af' wt~i.ah the tau~hnsws S.rregu~.ara.~~.e~ ~~ fhe p~.xticle~~ ~~ .' r 1aw? ~n ,the b~.kF~c~M~.~~i ~, .the a~ the briquettes ~.~ ra.the ,` ~~ r~ ~~ n;~ ~.~ due predc~m~.s~~~Tltly ~ ~lectr~.c cahGx~encc~ between tl.te ~ the br~undari~c ces ef'f'~ct~:ve between the ~tt~rn~ on ena~em,~;~~t far ~ ? ~cj aff'act to> ;i.s ~;re~.t~.y .nw cad the p~tx~~,~.c~.e ~ ~ clue ~ 'cre~~.~,e~? '~txuat~~Q and ~~~Upertes ref ~" . ~~,tic~ e ;. l~e~we~n pern s~ty~ ra ~xte~ a~ the '~,niti~,l ~w'd., ~`,? rr>~ ts,ls ~,nd the s ~xnx to re end p ~? in ,e u~l (~a~e chemia~~ Campp~~.t~.on a a~n- 'Al~. other aand3:t~en~ ~e~,r~g ~. ~~.t o~ bri.c~~~ett~s~ end same ;bak~.n~ p~'' t~.a'1 powders, same p~aro y ,, , ~ ra e~~,a,. s a~ the baked art~.cle~ d~~tre~, 'the r~.t~.~~, bett~een Vhe P p ,> c+e ' aw~d~z s ax?e a,~ ~' ro of ..the p ' end -the p p ~,~ er~~Qn of the powd$r~ ~,~ The h~.~her the degree e~ d ~ Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 t~xa ~r~~~ex~ ~~h~ ~l~:r~~n~a~~e ~~'~~u~?~rr .3~'~ ~~~~ ~l~~c:t~y, ~a,~a~ ?tY~~ rneG?.~an~?' .~.c~~~. ~~roper?~:~~s ?~' t~1~ b~t.~ad a~~~.a~e~: (~~~ ~'u~,u~l~ ~~ Gh~ ?~~~ ~ .~V ,~~~e~~1,~.l~ct~r~~~~ra.a ~~~I~?~exa.~~,~.~t' } o k~acr~rs?~~.1.~.~.~e.?ta,c~n off' ~'a.xla ~Uwd 1~~~~a~.:l~r ~~ct4, ~n ~~t ~.c~wox t~~r~acz~~,tu~^~~,. ~her~f~r~~^~~ 'the z'~bra.c~,~-~.on a~' ~,rta.clee ~?~c~m ~~uc~~ ~ao~rd~z^~ ~Ja.~ ~. t~~J,e powders, h~c.~eve~? ~pa, fin~- ~~r?a~.ned~ c~J~~wa.a~~ cuns~.derabl.e shr?~.z~l~u~;es) ~ there a.s sn c~atimuzn ba~- a:n~ ter~~~~ru.tur~9 above ~rh?.i:c~~ a d~.rn~.riu~~.c~n ~i.n c1.~r~s~~y end ~ara,pex^' a?~ ~a.r~es r~~her canea.derabJ~~ se~~ ina ' ~'h~.s ~.~ aue to ~th~ rapid :and rao~~~t~~a.f>.axrn sl~rx.111~a~~e in ~h~ bra.c7ue`~~es mach frarn such ~~c~~rders ~~.t h~.;~?h, b~~~~r~~ ~em~era.ture;: ~ ~~ha.c~ ~+~~ u~t ~.n ~.ocal loc~sehess~ katzck~.~.n~ and.. even cra.c~c~.n ~bu~n~.r~~) of ~ha art~c~.en. r Tea ?~he cage ~~' .~rori~ ~ra.~h ~~he ~"...a. ~ ?trana.~brm~:,~ion,occux~.x~~~ ~'t pnin~ A~ anc~ son~~~~rhat ~";.bovE, i~~ t~her,~e occurs a ~.n shrinka~r~s, densi.~~r~ ~.nd rnecha.nical ~~ro~a~z?~~.~s ~~'~.~ur~ ;~~~. ~`i~;ure 3~. ~atc~ off" ~h~ mech~n.~ca~, ~~?aper~~ics c~~' it?on d~~r~.r~~ the` r ~rs,r?s~"c~r'rt?ata.~:n ~c~, the ba~Cn~ ~emp~r~~ua~e. (~s per E~.lent~~r (~.3) ~. and. ' the 'change ~.n hardness' aff~r baking prc~cecds ;~.n ~ d~"ferent Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 __ Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 manner ~'xram the cl1~~z~~,a~ (~,n ~k;he r~thex ~rischa.csa~. ~ax~a~~xt~.~~~ the ;l,x~rre~~e ~.m te~r~~~a~rature9 tl~~ v~~ae n:~ ~Lhe ras~.dual ~tres~e~y irzc~uced-b~ cc~mpxe~ ~~an~ i~ xac~ucec~~ the.. c~ensit~ ~ncl c~aherence a~ the ~~~de~ ~>.etr~l,ar~ :tncrea~~ed~ z?~~ul~~~ra~: ~.rx ~.n~ax~asad h~~~dn~~~. ~'herefc~~e~ the chan~;o ~.ri' hay?c~~:~~,a9 ~'a~,~.~w~.rr~ ~h~he: ch~r~;e ~n t~~~p- era~ux~9 ~~ r~i~fe~~en~ ~'c~r 'br~.r~uette;~; off' c~.~'fexan~ (~'~.~~~ ure :~"~) ? ~r~.r~u~c~'~e~ o~ ~a~ r~ens~.ty, c~bta~.ned uridex~ haw pxe~~ure~a h~.~ ~.nsi~n.~, rs~~~due~. ~tre~~~es, end `~hnw ~ high degree of ~hrihw kale ~.n bak~.~a~;. ~'ha ha~~dnes~ o~? such ~ra,quette~ ~.ncreas~~ r~usly with the ~.narease ~.n te~pexatu~e. nr~.r~uettes d~" high d~n~ pity, vb~ained under h3~~h'pr~~~urrr~q h~.~re ~nn~~der~~.ble ` ~tr~,~ yes ~~.~d shave law ~hrinka~,~ an, `~her~~r~re, the hard- n~~s of such bxiquette~ ~~,11 drta~a w~.thin a 'certa~.n te~ra~erature ~.nter~~~,l, I`a.~;ure 3?. Chan~;~ in ~rin~~,l ha~~dnes~ ~.n the b~kln~ rah brgue~~~~ ~'rorn r~.c;ke~, po~de~? ~bt~~ir~r~d u.nder.v~x~au~ re~~;uxe~ ~a~ per'Grub~ ~ ~'~~ ~ ~~.nd ~ch~.echt ~ x, ;~~a~m~~x~~~~.c~~ ~x~er: wu~'e u~ ~(]U ka.l~.~r~~rn~/am ~ -com~a~essiArx ~ree~ure of ~aUE`J 1~~0f~ k~/cm~. k~/~rn~~ 3~~~rrc~re?w ~.~n pin?s~~~u~e r~~ The ~,~~~~a.xent incre~~.F~e in ~;he ' ei~~ a~" thc~ ~~~x~ta.cles :~ar''rr~~~ t off' ;the ~awc~ere r~~ luxe zr~etale be;~a.ns ~~ a tem~e~~tuxe Q~' a~aau X17) ~/3 ~? 3/~ ~~ the..'~.~i~olute melti.n~ .paint of the metal e Thy t~m~p'ra.ture ~~? the of the a.ncrea~;e ~,n r~~~e does not d~-~ peed an the compress ~.~n ~re4sure ~.nd is s?m~ewhat' z"edtiiced with_~rx ~,n~ cre$se an the d~~ree Qf dispersion' ~,n the ~riitial. p?~rders`, ~c~r tnc~st v~ of ...the `pure ~neta~,s~ the b~.king temperature practical~.y c~inc~:de's Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 wi~l~ ~ha ~p~r~~,ure a,~ ~h~ app~~Gra~ ~:n~rea~e `~.n ~tk~e s~,2~ n~' ~Ghe pare ic~.e~~, ~inc~, ~.t.y i~~ ~.~ ix~ ~o ca1~~~~n ~~d~~ua~~~ ~ou~karr~ss ~r~d A ~~n~e ~.~ ~k~~rs ~,~ e~r~e~:~h~.~v~c~ ;i.naxe~~;~ ~.n the a~' t~aa ~r~~ra? Fcyr rne~a~.~ :~arr~,~,n~; ~1~.~?~"i~~1.~y1y ~~~uc~1a~.~ ax~,ds~, ~rk~~.~h inh~b:i.~ ~h~ ~~.ze ir~Gr~a ~~ of ohs p~rtiC ].e ~ Ouch a~; alur~i;~num }, tkx~ b~kin~ hem ~r~ p lure i~ higher and apprax~.rrrat~ ~ ~~l~r~ .me ~.~:ir p o~.n~, ~,'ha penex~a~, p~orros~.~y off' di~per~~.on pcawde~~~s, ^~ir~wi~~ sl7x~a.~~~k- ~~~ ih b~,~in~~ ~.~ r~duaed'~i~h ~h~ incre~. ~ ~.n ~~~trtpez~a~~ure? ~ur~.n this ~~rgc~,s ~p,~r? wa.~h the be~; o~ the ~raw~h in ~~.ze o~ ~h~e paxtzc~,ss)a p~,r~ a~ ~h~ exp~as~d pax~~~ ~.~ ~r~nsarrrr~d info c~.osed 'ones, ~~nd ~. pare a~' i;h~ iriter~x~anul~.n ~~ax~~;~ ~-~ ~.rztn :inta~~,- ; cryat~ll.inq ~uc~res'. I~~wav~r, the decrsa~e z~ ~~;ner~~.; ~ac~ra~i~ now Y tY~e s~.~e 'off' ndividu~~. po~~ n~ty becc~rne a.ncrc~~wed :i.n the prbce~~? In co~r~e pd~rders wh:~ch c~,u~e a.n ~.ncre~se ire the ~, si~~ o~ ~~he end ~arc~du'c~,~, porc~~ity ie ~.nere~~~ed, in ba~~,n , ~ri~h the pore r~rrra,ini..11~ e~pase~. ~~.~ e~'.~"~d~ off' 'b~kin~ ~~tie `and the r~.~e o~ the ~em~~er~~ure r?~~e? ~'he hE;her ~,he b~.l~in~ ~~rnpera~u~?e, the rr~ar~ ra~,id the ~~ ~l~r~:nka~e end ~hc ~~,t~.iru~en~ a~ the op~ir~um rnech~.n.ical, prop- per~..c ~ (~'i~~.~'e 3~ Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ~.~'~ perCant ha,~h ~~~p~xaturs ~1e~n ~em~~ra~ure b~.kin~ tine ~"igu~?e .~~: ~~a.tio of tie r~~.~.tzve d~~ea.~y o~ briq~e~t~~ ~o ~akin~`. ~ ~~~ ? Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ~~~.~~,~~~ ~~ eh~s xaph~.c~,~.:~.y hc~r ~~~~ r~~hanlc;~,~. tou~;h~ne~~~ 'att~~.~~~ ~.~~ rn~~~rt~.m v~~ua~ ~n r~ r~l~t~,ve~.;~ ~k~a~~t time, ~rh~.~,e ~h~ ~le~'o~rnat~.~sn :i.n~e~e~ ~e~.ox~;a,~~.nn~ ~a~e a ~-ame ~n x~a.a~.n~ wl~th the ~n~re~~e ~,ta b~,k~n~ t~rne~ ~'xracta,c~l~~.y~,~ the t:i..~~s ~~,uc~ tua~e~ ~'rola ~.,~ z~~.zaute~ ~c~~ ~r~~;~~. chi ~~~e~ ~.nd ~rrt~~~.. ~~.~~~ a~" end ~~pdixct~ tc ~?~ hours ~rac~ ~..~iove ~:'nx~ hQ~3~ ola~l~,rf~~, ~.~~~~~ ~?,~~~~, p , co~n.~~.~~x sl~d,~yes ~~~' ~:hu, prc~duc~~, ~:n~1 ~.c;~a ~a.n~~r~.n~ ab:il~.ty o~ 'the ra~tcr~.~~. 1~~,~mm~ ~ou~hz~e~~ Ll~~n~a~~.~n ~+".i.~ur~ ;~~. Viz^~.~t~.a~a ~..n ~l~e ~x~~~~.~~ a~ mc?~~llc~~~r~n~ic ~~~} ~.ror~ a.n ~rye1.~t~.o~n to bf~.ka.n ?~~.n1e ~as ~~.r ~i~en~er ~.n~ chw~~.b~ The rr~are tie ra.t~ o~ ~~,~ te~~:~r~.ture r~..~e, the lee unf.fax~n ~:~ the he~:t~.n~; ~Lhrau~~} ~~ the prod~:1c~t~ the b~.k~.n~ ~~k~~?a.nk~~e~ r~n~. ~~~,:e ~re~.tex~ the; tenr~o~~c~ r~~' the ~;nd prca~~ac~t~ to buck~.:~n~, cx?~.c}~~r~.~?, ~'u~ t.n~, ~,n~~ c~~;her ?~~rpe~ of d~.sq a,l~.~'~r~.n~; ~e~ ,~ects~ The ~~-kin,~ _vf ~~ult~.~~a~n~~in~nt ~;~e~ial~ ~ .The b~ki~ o~ ~et~.~:~acex~~1m~.c m~.teria~.Q can~i~t~.r~g ?~ twv or yore component ,~r~~,y, ~a1] ~.ntQ the fc~:lo~rin~ b~.ei.c c~.~e~?r~.e~ n 1~ F~~~.n~; at a ~ten~~aer~ture ha.~her than the n1e~.t~.n~ ~a~ant c~ bath cam~E..~c~nents, with the re~ul.t~.n~ ~ort~on of ~ulicl s~1ut~.on~ and c~i.ema.c~.l cc~nlpound~ m ~ ~,~ U~hen campc~nent~+ az~; ncat ~.nter-~~~~~tive, ~s on~~ex-gra,~h~.te, ;ti~nd ~~~ whcn compcnent~ are ?, the ~'nrma,t3~on of solid ~oluta.c~ns car ir~ter~neta,ll~ic compaunc~.~, ~~ cn~~per nickel, ~.ron~n~.c~e1a 5'9 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ~ }~a~~~.n~ w:~th the f"arrr~a,~;~,c~n ' of a, ~.r~u~.d phi ~~ i (~,) cam }an~:n~~ no?~ a,rat~xp-~r~a~?~~,v~, ~~ ?tun~s~~n~ co~~~~~3 (h) ~~anxpc~n~n?~s ~.rFtar~re~.ct~.v'e, the ~':ar>7i~,tir~n off' ~m~:1.~ aar~~unte~ o~ a (1:Lq~~.d pha.~~, ~:~ ~~;uxt~ut~zi M nickel, tun~;,~t~:n rar~j~~e ~ ~;aba~.t~ ~.ranw cQpper~ ~n the carntiiriatian a~rcan-~r~,~hit~, tl~a b~k;~.r,~ ~~~' ~~ i~ccoFn~ pliehc~d 'under c~r~dl.t'i,axl~, ~r'~.en the ~,~"arl c~.c~e~ nc~t react with the graphite (la}, az" whexa the .ran dose react the graphite (l~+) . 't'he baka.r~~; off' ir~anwcopper. a11o~s i}i~' be ~~carn,~3~.~.~~hec1, in ~ me cc~: e~ ~' ~.nd9 in ~aFrte car~-s, without the ~.'arFr~a.t:tun af' a l~.qu~,~?. ` pha~~, ~n the b~.k~xag off' .materia~.~9 c'on~i~t~.ra~ ~~' oampr~nent~ which da xxa?~ react ~a each other ~.n their sol~.d. Mate (cop~er~graph~.te ~,` tha: b~,~~.xig o~?~1.~ and ?tha ~xope~~tiee of the r~~u~.t~.n,~ ~natera~. are det~necl ha~i~a~.~.~r by 'vll~ ;~uanti~ative~.~? px~cl~~i,l~.nant cam~aone~.?~ ~~n th~.e cage, ca~~per) ~ ~'he graphite mex'~~.y' p~.ays the ~aa~~"t a~' ~. r.+~~;chan~,ca~. coF~?~~~m~.n~:~;~.~rn inh~.~~a.r~~ ?~,he ~,l~tual cnn?~ac?~ of the cop~~~r p~~xt~..~7.~s. e~e~'are, tie h~.g'her thy; graphite uax~?tent, ?~h~ ~.a~aer the h~?~ ii~ii~~e, the r~:'latzve d,en~i.?~~?, and ..the m~char~~,ca,~. tv~~~;hraa~:~ ~f' the ni~t?t~ral. ~h~ i~~?~rod;uctiar~ of ~raph~?~e iz~ta the coar4,~-~ran~~ rr~~t~.~. wd~~"~ ~.~ pa rticular~.~'` iri~ur~.c~,~, ~~.n~~ in ?~hi~ ca~~q the gr~.phi?~s ma.y i~o~.~,ta aom~ale~~ely t~1e capper particles frnr~ cc~n~~ct each ather~ ~r}.a~.l amaunts a~' ~maph:i.i~e tup to percent} ~.ntraduc~d in~a Fine powders, an the c~~tra, ha,v'e a' 'al ~f~'ea~9 dui to the irrr,er1~t a.n the ba~~, rr~a.:Lls~ and w'~.~h ~r~rx,~ear c;ampr?~: ~~.ox~ px~~ ~ ~l~ ra ~~ i~he ease a~' corrl~-anen~~ ~ri~h t;he ~'arm~. a~aan of a, srnal:l. amount of ~.~.qu,~d pha~~ (such ~~ ~un~atezl ` cobalt, ~un~;sten~x~ckel} ~ ~, v~~ l?~~.~;h c'ens?i ~~ (c~lo~~ to thearet~.~cal} n~a~ be ob'ta.~.nedA anc~ 'thQ raecha,n:.caJ, are n~:;~ ~ela~r ~hot:,e in cast a,~,~.c~yso xn ~hesa c?a,~es, the more eas~.lyw~us~.b~.e c,ai~i- ponent ez~tors ~.n`~o ?~he a1.lo;~ to the amount a;~ ~ ~ 2,; percent (?~a~.w~etr~,c}, ~+nd the ba.k~.a1~; ~a~c~ceeds at ~. ter~per~~~ure sorr~~wher~ a~o~~ the mo1~~,n~ p~i~~~~ off' the ea~,~,ly~fj~s~.ble r~e~a~,,~ or of the solu~~,on o~ ''fie x~~rac?~o~r meta~~. 1,n 'the eaaa.l.y~flslbl~ any, The ~,n~,r~}ciu~ta.on d~ s'~ch `Cum~oi~entt~ re~u~.'L~ in 'the obtr~~.x~i.n~ of tau~h? and ct~m~W~~.c`~ a.llowfs ~,~ la~~ ba1~a.~1~; ~ernpax~,.~ux~esa ~~l~kich ~.n ma.n~ cages ai~our~t ~u ;'~i pez~cent c;f the rnelt~.x~~; point o~ she basic comw ponenta ~ ,~ p ?~' 'camponen?~s9 which ire non the bakin ~ ' off' ~aa.~er~.alw rr~ade u' in~erac~i~r~ ~.n ~he~.r solid as we~.l as ~he~.r 1iqu~d. sta.te~ at ~smp~r~ atuxes above the rr~.el:tir~g po~.x~~ of the eas~:l~~fusble co~i~oner~t. (~'~r tur~~s~en:M~opper} is ~'rec~u~ntly a~cornpanied b~? con~s:iderab~,s dif~'%cu1.t~.e s (the lJ.c~ua~~.Qn of mo~,?ten copper} . In such case a, ~.?~ bec?mes necessary' to resor?~ soi~netir~~s ~e ~rariant methods' in inetal~.ocer~na.c' tecn~~a~.o~y' __ Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ~~ " ~c'~~, ,~,n ~fJ~{~~,~ ~... r~r.~,M.ea.M+.,r~.r. ~a.1~~.n ~,~ any; c~~' ~h~ f~.n~~~.' ~apex~~~tion~, ' ~x~.n~ ~o 'the au.~~'acc nod ~n~y ~h~ c~e~'cc~s c~u~~c~ by ~x~ ~.m~~~a~7~r' prQG~d~ax~A but ax~~ ~h~ ~~~e~t~ wh~.~h ir~a,~ht h~v~ been a~.u~~d by ~ha px~-c~din~ ~n ~;ha laz?~par~~~.~r of ~~ah~ ~~a~~der~. ~?'he mast m~~oxta.n~ ~Ys a~ ~'~,aws ~r~ ~ ~ ~o ~.~,c~~rs w the f'cy~rrt~~~;ioh cif smaJ~~. ara.ckk, Y~c~~~ v~.s~.b~.r~ ~,a ~~~ ~~;:~d ~;~re. T~~+vy- rra~y ba c1u~ ~o ~,n im~ pxGpex px~ss~.~.j~ c~~rcl~, and ~h~y ~+xe r~~~gn~.~" the b~~Zir~~; prr~~ ~~~ ~. ~'~.~ pr~eve~.tive rr~e~~ux~~e~ axe the ~~.r~~ ~.~ ~~,~ ~ha ~a~~ of v~.~- ~:~~~.e ~.arrra.n~.~ian. ~2} ~uckl~.h~; , Shape r~~.s`~,crr~~on frec~~~a~n~~.y a~a~~rvecl in ....n........ ,~~..~..,~...~.d,,.,.~.~..~. ~'~~ ~~r~~a.Cle~ m:~,r~~ Barra f~.r~e pa~rderti ~rh~x~e :the ~~l~~c~ne~~ ~ :~nM ~~.~;ni~'~.c~nt , ~t s ~~h the 1.~n~~~h. ~'h~.s ~-,,e off` cle~'e~t ~.~ pror~~ rnol.ds r~x stn ~.rrrpr~opF~x pxess.~.n~ cycle, boa raZ~a.c? tem~.~e 4~~~uxe :rise, :~a:rr~'~~ce c~%c~~;.~~.~x1s ax ~:~ur~~n~.n~ due ~a i~he xm~xn~ ex selec~an a~ the pra~ee~:~v~ ~.'~rlan~~~hez~e, ~nc~ ~,n ~:~c~~;~ivel~r A h~i.~h bta~t:~:~.n~; ~amp~~~,tur~. ~r,~e~reh~C:~ve me~.sures c~~n~~.s~ ~.z~r ~.e ~r_Lt~nax~,~~d ea.':~~es~ anc~ in game c~.s~~, by ~h~ use of ,owr~exs, leis iric~.:i.n~~l to c~.lso b~~a.n~ 1~ind~x pr~~sslzr~. e d~~'eat~ m~.y ~.l,~~a be ~~..xrn~.nated by ~ubse~~l~n~ ,calc~ a x h~at~?~rea~mn~ u~d~r pre ~ sure ~ ca l~.bxat~. ng b~.k~.n~ undex pre ~ suxe' j . . the crae~~r~~ c~~ ax~~cles under b~k~.n~ ~ei~~ ~c~= ~ p ~ ~ ~ ~ ~h fc~r? the ~,~en fur?n~.ce ch~.r~e. ^ Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Th~,s t;y~pe ~f 'f~,a~r is ~~x~an~atcd by the s~~rn~ f~ctr~~e ghat c~.use buc~l~.~~;. ~~) '~'k~~ a" a~ a~ rr~a.c~opare~, cabs~rvod dux..` the b~k~.n~ of art~,cles~ ~ampra~s~d From ~, mixture of p?~rd~rs cal~t~~.n~.ri~ tt~n ~r several, ~~~'fer~~t corn.;~nent~ ~"i~,e f~.~~~s a.x~e in~- duced hY non-unifc-xm shr~.nka~a, w~iich ~.~ p~rt~,cul~r~.y roue to the non~~c~no{~eneaus m1x~.n~; of the carn~anen~s. rf~easure ~ a~~ e r more tharnu~h m:ixa.n~ anc~ a pre w limin~.~ ~~nrleal,~.n~ of the b~~~kin~ furnace chi+.z~~~e, the f~.a~rs can some ~L~.rrtes be e~.~na.nated by subseque?rlt cc~~.d- ax? hernt-tre~luxi:ent under pr~u~;l1rC? ~' .The form~:t~.on of ~. lair-density ~~n~d~quat~l;~ b~.ked cope, Which; a.s abser`rec~ in the b~.k~.n~ of po~der'r~~tures~ pro duc~,n~; art~.~les ~f I~:~h d.en~ty ~s r~, ~~e~~alt of ran~:~d~ra~le shrink ale ~n bak~.n~ with the ~'orrnat~.?n of ~, li.c~u~d pha5~ The ~'~.~ws appear as ~. ~~e~~,u~t of the mare x?apic~ he~.t~:n~; cif the periphex~ cif the ~.:~?t~c:L~s, ~,rh,en the ~a~.kin~~ temper~tu~~e ~.s ~.t~F~~t~~ed, ca~as~.n~ the shr:i.n~a~e in the...: ext~rna.l zc~n~; to ~~..,e cc~~t~leted befr~rs the shr~.n{~- a~~e ~.n ~,he interne, pert `a~' the ~i~tic~~:~ i.s begun. ~'he prer~a~~are fa~rr~at~;on of a ~omp~.e'~ external zone .ihh~.b~:ts the shrinl~a~e a~' the. ~.nternal layers end t~~e c~.rcu~.~tic~n a~' `~ase~~ The ,~i';Jx'rl~~.t~.~Jn , . of ~1a.f~?crenCew, ~ n -the cher~:~cal carri~a~a.~3.c~n ~~ bet~r~~en the external ~ra.d ~.nternal zones of the art~.cle, ` from tb,e ~m,~,r?ope~~ ~,ea ..lact~:an of the protective atmosphere of baka.n~, is ~.lso canducave to th:~~ type Qf ~1a~. Preventive rite?sures e,arftp~ise more gradual he~;tin~ a.nd the. prap~r ~~lect~.on of the preventi~re a,tr~osphere. 66. Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ~'h~ ba~~c ?~nd t~h~ imas~ `~r~de~.~ used ~rethcad ~.n rrl+~~a~.~.c~ee~?~rn~.a produe~~.on is ~k~o ~~e~;h~o~,a~~.aa~. p~,'o~~:~~ compx,a.~~.n~ the ap~;rat~.ons cf m.~.n~f ~ px~es W~.~;~;, and ba,~c~n~. '.~h~ numerc~u~ a~her va, differ from the above bca w~:~~ riacr~hod as fol. ~i ows (~,) ~'' ~:pec~.i'i~ ~~ecu~.~.a~~ite~ in the b~~ pit; apera~~.ons of ~r-:lxin~;, px~ew~:~.n~, and baka.n~, and ~~ b~ the ~.n~rcaductif~n of ac~di~~.rrna~. ~.ntez?nied~.ate proc~ssea bettaeen pre~~~~.n~, ~~nd bc~l~in~. (2 } the el~.mina,t~.on ref the `~are~ti a~~r~~ion~ (3 ~ ' ~y the alin~a.r~a.`~ior~ of the baking cap~rrti~~.ext. ~~} ~3~ cnznbir~.r~~ rho c~per~~ir~r,~ of ~~re akain~; and bts,~c~~ a.nto cane (hc~~~p~1e~~ a.n~;~. product;. (~') ~uppletnen~ta~~' ~iecha,n~ca.~. a.nd he~~~~rP~~ment of the bak,~d "~~ecifid p~cu~.i~.riti~;~ ref '~h~ basic , ~ap~r~tir~n~ may b~ ~.~ .,,,,~..,...,._,.~, .,....,,.,w,~...~.....~?... f~~l'lo~rs m j the pxe~s~~.n~ and b~k~.n~ of n~..~tuxes cos~si.5tin~; ~.n park a;r a.n `fu~..l of ~xa.d~s ta:r n~et~.~. compounids, ~x~e reduc~.b~.e ` ib baking. a..s vari~n~ m~t]~od is used ~a some c~~~c~~ pexc~~~ (:~rQm ~ ~~a :1.,~ p~~c~ri~), ~ ~aorou~ m~~~,1.~, ~l~lrt~ u~.~i.raa.t~ ~a~ri~~x~~~~,3.~n ~~~~z~~ ~~ ~~nsicl~x~.b~.y (;~~,~ ~ ~. ~~.~n~s~} ~r~a~~:r ~h~ha~; ~hc: ``~~.or~ ~~~x~n~~k~, and the ~.a~~~sxy ~~~ a.~~ i~ta.x^n, ~i.~ ~..,~' ~ ~.~ ~~:lm~~ ~;x~~~ex ~h~,r~ ~f~,t~ ~~.i~.rn~~~ ~~~n,~+1.~'~ s~~r~~~;~~h~ ~t7 ,R~caarou~ m~~a~- ~.~ a.nsi~n~~'~.Gan~. Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ~~~~,~~C.~C7.I~~ A ~~~~~J~~~~ ~3a~, ~ ~h~:i.ix, I~, ~u ~~"M~t~~.J,a~wa~~m~ c~'t (1~c~wr~~r ' ~~~t~:l.~.u~?~~'~~A ~~~~'" ~rx~~.~d~a~, ~.9~~ ~~ ~~~.~ ~k~~~.n, ~~;. ~~1 .~~: C~ii~~~~~ ~~ r~ I'c~wd~r ~~~~ra~11u~~ Y~ TN:~:~~~A~I~, 3. S)zhc~~~~9 ~l'~ v, .~.~ ~~`~~e ~'ii~a~.~n~nta~.w of Fawde~ Meta~.~.ur~y~', ' ~~t~,11- 1~.., F,. ~ .~.~ +r~c~~.~~,~x~r~ ~:Cx~on-~~r~,I~ht~ ~oax~.n~;~, ~~ ~~ ~'~S~'~:LN, ~~. ~,.9~+.G. I~udr~~.nt~~v, ~:P V'. '~w4ir.L'e~~~a.~,~ ~"rah "~t~~~;~~~~~li o~ Ga~~ ~~on ~f the W~~.~a I~r~t; ~u~?a ~~`~~~,ha~9 ~I~.~l~~.~, 1~~.1: ,~ ~} ~ ~ea.l 'i'm ~;;~`ba.~,g c1~.~r~ltio, Ni. K. ~~ As~~r~~.c~.n '~n~:i.~~e~~~.~~;~~~n~.:~x~iclu~~~r~ Octvb~r ~,~~.5 ~,nd Ja~u~x~r ~~~C~. rr r u. A~,'t~, ,~C)~.onc~rn and ~c1~~.^b~~r ~~ l~. ~"~clira, P~kys:, ">1'c~~~r~. ~~ ~. .~~... ~a~~ ~ art ts~?~e ~I~,~dn~~s rah ~Ie~~~.~",~ M~~~~.~.u~~izc~~t~ ~.~~.~~ w~f~~s~S Apr~i'~, ~~~5 ~.1, t~rG.i~e, ~. ~. and, ~axe~.u G.. "P~~~~~~os ~.nd '~'ro~~s~e~ ~'or ~1~t,~1 Fo~rdc~~?'~'r~ac~,u;ctsf?~ iron ~~, V 1.i.~rrte 153, ~a ~ ~ pa,~~ 3 6 1~t~ 5: 12. D~.t~~~~, S~~~hl urid ~i~~n, ~ul~'r~~ 6:1. gage ~ a~, 1~~.;.~. Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012/04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 ~,:~~ ~~,~.~nc3.~~~ ~~riGl ~ck~w~,~.bc ~~ .~z~ru~~ ~? ~;.~~r~al~i~~t~~E1'1wW~~c~xi, V' ~~,' ~~~~~ ~~7' ~~,~~/~.y~of ~p C,~a~~~a~.. ~nc~ ~ ch~rar~kcap~' ~~ ~~ ~, V~~um~` ~~a, p~~ J~7 ~,gl~~,: ~.~. C~,iba and ~.,Cl'11~3C~1'~ ?w ~~. ~. ~,;l~~~C~xc~ck~?, 1?~, pa~~ ,3~7A ~.6. ~~.~f~er, T' una }~atr~~, W. -~ ;Pu]..vex~r~e~~~.:lur~~;~.e and ~.~~.n~oa~.~ ~~, ~, and l?xunezek Vc~~.uc~e 122s p~.~:~ 2`77, ~.~22. Zs. f. l~eta~.l.kunc~e, Volume "2l, '~a~e , ~~~.~~ ?2 19210` 19. `;~l~~~uPJ~ ~? '2~7. ~ rr~c~~~.7.~,y', `(~. .... Mstal :Cnd? ~ Zando~) g Va~.urne 2~., p~~e~ 27~, ~g7 s ~.~.~s ~.9~ ;~~~, Vo~.un~t~ ~5: ~~~~~ ~h9, 3b9, lg~~; ~i~ta1].1~er~sia.~, V~r1U.~ Gl~emi~~ 193 Pca~-d~r ~~~,~~~.~,1ur~Y~ erg ~.s~c? ~'. ~~~ta1.s, ~l~- vc:lanc3,, ~.9~~ ? 2.3. Iran .~~;~; for 1.y4~, ~~ 4f~yrn~asa,um on 1'o~der ~i~~allur?~y?1 ,~mer~i~an ~~~ciet~r. ~.~ ,~ far '~er~~_n~ ~~~~er~.~1.~, ~~rcl~ ~.9~,:. . ~~. ~~ ~ym~?s~.u~~'on'' ~,nd D~~;~.~n L~m~.~a~~.c~ns end ~'o~sb3.l~.t~,es ~ ar ~c~wde~ I~~~~,~.~ur~y Paa~tsr~ M~~a~~ ~echna].ra~~,_ J~.rni~r~~r Declassified in Part -Sanitized Copy Approved for Release 2012J04/25 :CIA-RDP82-000398000100270007-5 _. _. ,.